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1.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22Suppl 02(Suppl 02): E190006.SUPL.2, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596377

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) according to different diagnostic criteria, in the Brazilian adult population, according to laboratory results from the Brazilian National Health Survey. METHODS: Analysis of laboratory data from the National Health Survey, collected between 2014 and 2015. The prevalence of diabetes was calculated according to different diagnostic criteria. The prevalence of diabetes was calculated according to the criterion of glycosylated hemoglobin ≥ 6.5% or using medication, using Poisson regression and calculating crude and adjusted PR and 95%CI. RESULTS: The prevalence of diabetes according to different criteria varies from 6.6 to 9.4%. Intermediate or pre-diabetes hyperglycemia ranged from 6.8 to 16.9%. Considering laboratory criteria or medication use, the prevalence of DM was 8.4 (95%CI 7.65-9.11). The adjusted PR for gender, age, educational level and region was lower for males (PR 0.75; 95%CI 0.63 - 0.89), increased with age: 30 to 34 years (PR 2.32; 95% CI 1.33 - 4.07), 40 to 59 years PR 8.1; 95%CI 4.86 - 13.46), 60 years old or older (PR 12.6; 95%CI 7.1 - 21.0), and higher educational levels was protective (PR 0.8; 95%CI 0.6 - 0.9). Therewas a higher PR in the Central West Region (PR 1.3; 95%CI 1.04 - 1.7), in overweight people (PR 1.8; 95%CI 1.4 - 2.1), and in obese people (PR 3.3; 95%CI 2.6 - 4.1). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of diabetes was higher in females, people over 30 years of age, in populations with low educational levels, and people who were overweight and obese. The study advances in determining the diabetes situation in the country through laboratory criteria.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
2.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22Suppl 02(Suppl 02): E190012.SUPL.2, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596383

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of noncommunicable disease (NCD) indicators, including laboratory tests, in the population of Brazilian women of reproductive age, according to whether or not they receive the Bolsa Família (BF) benefit. METHODS: A total of 3,131 women aged 18 to 49 years old who participated in the National Health Survey (Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde ) laboratory examination sub-sample were considered. We compared indicators among women of reproductive age (18 to 49 years old) who reported receiving BF or not, and calculated prevalence and confidence intervals, using Pearson's χ2. RESULTS: Women of reproductive age who were beneficiaries of BF had worse health outcomes, such as a greater occurrence of being overweight (33.5%) and obese (26.9%) (p < 0.001), having hypertension (13.4% versus 4.4%, p < 0.001), used more tobacco (11.2% versus 8.2%, p = 0.029), and perceived their health as worse (6.2% versus 2.4%, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Several NCD indicators were worse among women of childbearing age who were beneficiaries of BF. It should be emphasized that this is not a causal relationship, with BF being a marker of inequalities among women. The benefit has been directed to the population with greater health needs, and seeks to reduce inequities.


Assuntos
Doenças não Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Assistência Pública/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Brasil/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/métodos , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Valores de Referência , Reprodução/fisiologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
3.
Epidemiol Serv Saude ; 28(2): e2018124, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365688

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to describe the first choice for use of health services and to analyze sociodemographic factors associated with seeking Primary Health Care (PHC) by the adult population of Brazil's Federal District in 2015. METHODS: this was a population-based study, with 2,007 individuals, using a sample from the 2015 VIGITEL survey conducted by landline telephone, including questions on use of health services; we used logistic regression to identify factors associated with seeking PHC services. RESULTS: participants' first choice was predominantly for private health services (57.6%), respondents reported seeking public health services less (39.5%), particularly PHC services (primary health centers: 24.6%); multivariate analysis showed that educational level (postgraduate [OR=0.15 - 95% CI 0.04;0.59] and high school [OR=0.37 - 95%CI 0.18;0.75]), and not having private health insurance (OR=27.77 - 95%CI 10.61;72.70) were variables associated with seeking PHC services. CONCLUSION: individuals with low educational level and without private health insurance are those who mostly seek PHC services as their first choice in Brazil's Federal District.

4.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 22(supl.2): E190012.SUPL.2, 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1042224

RESUMO

RESUMO: Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência dos indicadores de doenças crônicas não transmíssiveis (DCNT), incluindo exames laboratoriais, na população de mulheres brasileiras em idade reprodutiva segundo o recebimento do benefício Bolsa Família (BF). Métodos: Consideraram-se as 3.131 mulheres de 18 a 49 anos que participaram da submamostra de exames laboratoriais da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde (PNS). Foram comparados indicadores entre as mulheres em idade reprodutiva (18 a 49 anos) que disseram ter ou não Bolsa Família e calculados prevalência e intervalo de confiança (IC) usando χ2 de Pearson. Resultados: Observou-se que as mulheres em idade reprodutiva beneficiárias do BF quando comparadas às não beneficiárias têm piores desfechos em saúde, como maior ocorrência de sobrepeso (33,5%) e obesidade (26,9%) (p < 0,001), hipertensão 13,4% versus 4,4% (p < 0,001), uso de tabaco (11,2%) versus 8,2% (p = 0,029), além de 6,2% perceberem sua saúde pior, em comparação a 2,4% das mulheres não beneficiárias (p<0,001). Conclusão: Diversos indicadores de DCNT tiveram pior desempenho entre as mulheres em idade reprodutiva beneficiárias do BF. Destaca-se que essa não é uma relação causal, sendo o BF um marcador de desigualdade entre mulheres. O benefício tem sido direcionado à população com maior necessidade em saúde, buscando assim reduzir iniquidades.


ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of noncommunicable disease (NCD) indicators, including laboratory tests, in the population of Brazilian women of reproductive age, according to whether or not they receive the Bolsa Família (BF) benefit. Methods: A total of 3,131 women aged 18 to 49 years old who participated in the National Health Survey (Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde ) laboratory examination sub-sample were considered. We compared indicators among women of reproductive age (18 to 49 years old) who reported receiving BF or not, and calculated prevalence and confidence intervals, using Pearson's χ2. Results: Women of reproductive age who were beneficiaries of BF had worse health outcomes, such as a greater occurrence of being overweight (33.5%) and obese (26.9%) (p < 0.001), having hypertension (13.4% versus 4.4%, p < 0.001), used more tobacco (11.2% versus 8.2%, p = 0.029), and perceived their health as worse (6.2% versus 2.4%, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Several NCD indicators were worse among women of childbearing age who were beneficiaries of BF. It should be emphasized that this is not a causal relationship, with BF being a marker of inequalities among women. The benefit has been directed to the population with greater health needs, and seeks to reduce inequities.

5.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 22(supl.2): E190006.SUPL.2, 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1042229

RESUMO

RESUMO: Objetivo: Analisar as prevalências de diabetes mellitus segundo diferentes critérios diagnósticos, na população adulta brasileira, segundo os resultados laboratoriais da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde. Métodos: Análise dos dados laboratoriais da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde, coletados entre os anos de 2014 e 2015. Foram calculadas as prevalências de diabetes conforme diferentes critérios diagnósticos. Foram calculadas as prevalências de diabetes segundo o critério de hemoglobina glicosilada ≥ 6,5% ou em uso de medicamentos, empregando regressão de Poisson para o cálculo da razão de prevalência (RP) bruta e ajustada e intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95%). Resultados: A prevalência de diabetes segundo diferentes critérios pode variar 6,6 a 9,4%; e a hiperglicemia intermediária, ou pré-diabetes, de 6,8 a 16,9%. Usando-se o critério laboratorial ou uso de medicamentos, a prevalência de diabetes foi de 8,4%. A RP ajustada para sexo, idade, escolaridade e região foi menor no sexo masculino (RP = 0,75; IC95% 0,63 - 0,89); aumentou com a idade: 30 a 34 anos (RP=2,32; IC95% 1,33 - 4,07), 40 a 59 anos (RP = 8,1; IC95% 4,86 - 13,46), 60 anos ou mais (RP = 12,6; IC95% 7,1 - 21,0); e a escolaridade elevada foi protetora (RP = 0,8; IC95% 0,6 - 0,9). Maior RP foi encontrada na Região Centro-Oeste (RP = 1,3; IC95% 1,04 - 1,7) e naqueles com sobrepeso (RP = 1,8; IC95% 1,4 - 2,1) e obesidade (RP = 3,3; IC95% 2,6 - 4,1). Conclusão: A prevalência de diabetes foi maior no sexo feminino, naqueles com idade maior que 30 anos, em população com baixa escolaridade, com excesso de peso e obesidade. Os critérios laboratoriais são mais fidedignos para o conhecimento da situação real do diabetes no país.


ABSTRACT: Objective: To analyze the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) according to different diagnostic criteria, in the Brazilian adult population, according to laboratory results from the Brazilian National Health Survey. Methods: Analysis of laboratory data from the National Health Survey, collected between 2014 and 2015. The prevalence of diabetes was calculated according to different diagnostic criteria. The prevalence of diabetes was calculated according to the criterion of glycosylated hemoglobin ≥ 6.5% or using medication, using Poisson regression and calculating crude and adjusted PR and 95%CI. Results: The prevalence of diabetes according to different criteria varies from 6.6 to 9.4%. Intermediate or pre-diabetes hyperglycemia ranged from 6.8 to 16.9%. Considering laboratory criteria or medication use, the prevalence of DM was 8.4 (95%CI 7.65-9.11). The adjusted PR for gender, age, educational level and region was lower for males (PR 0.75; 95%CI 0.63 - 0.89), increased with age: 30 to 34 years (PR 2.32; 95% CI 1.33 - 4.07), 40 to 59 years PR 8.1; 95%CI 4.86 - 13.46), 60 years old or older (PR 12.6; 95%CI 7.1 - 21.0), and higher educational levels was protective (PR 0.8; 95%CI 0.6 - 0.9). Therewas a higher PR in the Central West Region (PR 1.3; 95%CI 1.04 - 1.7), in overweight people (PR 1.8; 95%CI 1.4 - 2.1), and in obese people (PR 3.3; 95%CI 2.6 - 4.1). Conclusion: The prevalence of diabetes was higher in females, people over 30 years of age, in populations with low educational levels, and people who were overweight and obese. The study advances in determining the diabetes situation in the country through laboratory criteria.

6.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 28(2): e2018124, 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1012071

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo: descrever a primeira escolha para utilização de serviços de saúde e analisar fatores sociodemográficos associados à procura pela Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS), pela população adulta no Distrito Federal (DF), Brasil, em 2015. Métodos: inquérito de base populacional, com 2.007 indivíduos, utilizando amostra do inquérito telefônico nacional (Vigitel 2015), com a inclusão de questões sobre utilização de serviços de saúde; utilizou-se regressão logística para identificar fatores associados à procura pela APS. Resultados: observou-se maior procura por serviços de saúde privados (57,6%); serviços públicos (39,5%), particularmente as unidades básicas de saúde: 24,6%, foram menos referidos; em análise multivariada, escolaridade (pós-graduação [OR=0,15 - IC95% 0,04;0,59] e ensino médio [OR=0,37 - IC95% 0,18;0,75]) e não possuir plano privado de saúde (OR=27,77 - IC95% 10,61;72,70) foram variáveis associadas com a procura por APS. Conclusão: a população de baixa escolaridade e sem plano de saúde é a que principalmente procura, como primeira escolha, os serviços de APS no Distrito Federal.


Resumen Objetivo: describir la primera elección para la utilización de servicios de salud y analizar factores sociodemográficos asociados a la demanda por la Atención Primaria a la Salud (APS), en adultos en el Distrito Federal (DF), Brasil, en 2015. Métodos: encuesta de base poblacional utilizando una muestra de la encuesta telefónica nacional (Vigitel, 2015) incluyendo preguntas sobre la utilización de servicios de salud; la regresión logística identificó factores asociados a la demanda por la APS. Resultados: se observó mayor demanda por servicios de salud privados (57,6%); los servicios públicos (39,5%), particularmente la APS (unidades básicas de salud: 24,6%), fueron menos referidos; en el análisis multivariado, la escolaridad [postgrado (OR=0,15 - IC95% 0,04;0,59) y enseñanza secundaria (OR=0,37 - IC95% 0,18;0,75)] y no tener un seguro privado de salud (OR=27,77 - IC95% 10,61;72,70) fueron las variables asociadas a la búsqueda de APS. Conclusión: personas de baja escolaridad y sin seguro de salud son, principalmente, las que buscan, como primera elección los servicios de APS en el Distrito Federal.


Abstract Objective: to describe the first choice for use of health services and to analyze sociodemographic factors associated with seeking Primary Health Care (PHC) by the adult population of Brazil's Federal District in 2015. Methods: this was a population-based study, with 2,007 individuals, using a sample from the 2015 VIGITEL survey conducted by landline telephone, including questions on use of health services; we used logistic regression to identify factors associated with seeking PHC services. Results: participants' first choice was predominantly for private health services (57.6%), respondents reported seeking public health services less (39.5%), particularly PHC services (primary health centers: 24.6%); multivariate analysis showed that educational level (postgraduate [OR=0.15 - 95% CI 0.04;0.59] and high school [OR=0.37 - 95%CI 0.18;0.75]), and not having private health insurance (OR=27.77 - 95%CI 10.61;72.70) were variables associated with seeking PHC services. Conclusion: individuals with low educational level and without private health insurance are those who mostly seek PHC services as their first choice in Brazil's Federal District.

7.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 21(suppl 1): e180020, 2018 Nov 29.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30517471

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze trends in risk and protective factors for non-communicable diseases (NCD) and access to preventive tests in the population with health insurance in Brazilian state capitals between 2008 and 2015. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study that analyzed data collected from the Surveillance of Risk and Protective Factors for non-communicable diseases (NCD) Telephone Survey (Sistema Nacional de Vigilância de Doenças Crônicas por Inquérito Telefônico - Vigitel) on adults aged 18 years and older. We analyzed trends in NCD indicators among health insurance users in approximately 30 thousand interviews done between 2008 and 2015. We used the simple linear regression model to calculate the trends. RESULTS: Health insurance users showed an increase in the prevalence of protective factors such as fruit and vegetable consumption, and physical activity in leisure time. Also, there was a decrease in risk factors such as smoking and soft drink consumption, increase in mammography coverage, and a drop in smoking prevalence. However, overweight, obesity, and diabetes increased. CONCLUSION: There are differences according to gender, and, in general, women accumulate more protective factors and men, more risk factors.


Assuntos
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Seguro Saúde/tendências , Doenças não Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Exercício/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Seguro Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Entrevistas como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Mamografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Mamografia/tendências , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Proteção , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Redução do Consumo de Tabaco/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudos de Tempo e Movimento
8.
Saúde debate ; 42(spe4): 134-144, Out.-Dez. 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-986087

RESUMO

RESUMO O artigo teve como objetivo analisar a associação entre a Atividade Física no Tempo Livre e as variáveis selecionadas nas capitais brasileiras. Foram analisadas informações do Sistema Nacional de Vigilância de Doenças Crônicas por Inquérito Telefônico, referentes ao ano de 2013, em uma amostra de 54 mil adultos nas capitais do Brasil. As Razões de Prevalências foram ajustadas segundo idade, sexo e escolaridade, utilizando-se regressão de Poisson com seus Intervalos de Confiança a 95%. A prevalência da prática de Atividade Física no Tempo Livre foi de 33,8% (IC95%: 33,0-34,6), sendo maior entre homens (41,2%) (IC95%: 39,9-42,6) do que entre mulheres (27,4%) (IC95%: 26,5-28,3). Ser mais jovem, do sexo masculino, com maior escolaridade, da cor branca, possuir plano de saúde, não fumar e consumir o recomendado de frutas e hortaliças aumentaram a chance da prática da Atividade Física no Tempo Livre. Observou-se ainda que eutróficos e sobrepeso são mais ativos, obesos praticam menos Atividade Física. Conclui-se que a Atividade Física é benéfica à saúde, tornando-se importante investir em políticas públicas de promoção à saúde, visando criar oportunidades de inclusão social e equidade em saúde.


ABSTRACT The article aims to analyze the association between Leisure Time Physical Activity and health variables in Brazilian capitals. Data from the National Surveillance System for Chronic Diseases by Telephone Survey, regarding the year 2013, were analyzed in a sample of 54,000 adults in Brazilian capitals. The Prevalence Ratios were adjusted according to age, gender and education by Poisson regression with their 95% Confidence Intervals. The prevalence of Leisure Time Physical Activity was 33.8% (95% CI: 33.0-34.6), being higher among men 41.2% (95% CI: 39.9-42, 6) than among women 27.4% (95% CI: 26.5-28.3). Being younger, more educated, of white color, having a health insurance, not smoking, and consuming the recommended fruit and vegetables increased the chance of practicing Leisure Time Physical Activity. It was also observed that the eutrophic and the overweight are more active, the obese practice less Physical Activity. It is concluded that Physical Activity is beneficial to health, making it important to invest in public health promotion policies aimed at creating opportunities for social inclusion and equity in health.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30322031

RESUMO

Premature birth is the result of a complex interaction among genetic, epigenetic, behavioral, socioeconomic, and environmental factors. We evaluated the possible associations between air pollution and the incidence of prematurity in spatial clusters of high and low prevalence in the municipality of São Paulo. It is a spatial case-control study. The residential addresses of mothers with live births that occurred in 2012 and 2013 were geo-coded. A spatial scan statistical test performed to identify possible low-prevalence and high-prevalence clusters of premature births. After identifying, the spatial clusters were drawn samples of cases and controls in each cluster. Mothers were interviewed face-to-face using questionnaires. Air pollution exposure was assessed by passive tubes (NO2 and O3) as well as by the determination of trace elements' concentration in tree bark. Binary logistic regression models were applied to determine the significance of the risk of premature birth. Later prenatal care, urinary infection, and hypertension were individual risk factors for prematurity. Particles produced by traffic emissions (estimated by tree bark accumulation) and photochemical pollutants involved in the photochemical cycle (estimated by O3 and NO2 passive tubes) also exhibited significant and robust risks for premature births. The results indicate that air pollution is an independent risk factor for prematurity.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Brasil , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Análise Espacial , População Urbana
10.
Cad Saude Publica ; 34(10): e00114817, 2018 10 22.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30365744

RESUMO

This study aimed to analyze time trends in leisure-time physical activity in adults in Brazilian state capitals and the Federal District from 2006 to 2016. The study was based on data from the Risk and Protective Factors Surveillance System for Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases Through Telephone Interview (VIGITEL), collected by the Ministry of Health from 2006 to 2016 (n = 572,437). VIGITEL conducts interviews annually with more than 50,000 adults (≥ 18 years) living in households with hardline telephones. The main relevant VIGITEL questions for this study deal with leisure-time physical activity. We estimated the annual percentage of leisure-time physical activity in the three months prior to the interview, in addition to sufficient levels of such activit (≥ 150 minutes/week), available from 2009 to 2016 for the adult population as whole and according to sex, age, and schooling. There was an increase (p < 0.05) both in the percentage of leisure-time physical activity in the three months prior to the interview (from 44.0 to 53.6%, or 0.97 percentage points per year) and in the percentage of individuals that achieved recommended levels of physical activity, from 30.3 to 37.6% (1.20 percentage points per year) from 2009 to 2016. The increases were more frequent in women, younger adults, and those with more schooling. There was an increase in physical activity in the majority of the situations studied. Although this increase reduces the differences between men and women, the differences increased between young people and older individuals and between those at the extremes of educational levels.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Exercício , Atividades de Lazer , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
11.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 34(10): e00114817, oct. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-974574

RESUMO

Resumo: Este estudo objetiva analisar a tendência temporal da prática de atividade física no lazer entre adultos, nas capitais brasileiras e no Distrito Federal, entre 2006 e 2016. Foram utilizados dados do sistema de Vigilância de Fatores de Risco e Proteção para Doenças Crônicas por Inquérito Telefônico (VIGITEL), coletados pelo Ministério da Saúde no período entre 2006 e 2016 (n = 572.437). O VIGITEL entrevista anualmente mais de 50 mil indivíduos adultos (idade ≥ 18 anos) que residem em domicílios com telefone fixo. As principais questões do VIGITEL de interesse deste estudo tratam da prática de atividade física no lazer. Estimou-se o percentual anual de realização de atividade física no lazer nos três meses que antecederam a entrevista, além daquele de prática em nível suficiente (≥ 150 minutos/semana), disponível entre 2009 e 2016, para o conjunto da população, segundo sexo, idade e escolaridade. Verificou-se aumento (p < 0,05), tanto no percentual de prática de atividade física no lazer nos três meses que antecederam a entrevista (de 44,0 a 53,6%, 0,97 pontos percentuais (pp)/ano) quanto no percentual de indivíduos que atingiram as recomendações de prática de atividade física: de 30,3 a 37,6% (1,20pp/ano) entre 2009 a 2016. Os aumentos foram mais frequentes entre as mulheres, nos indivíduos nas menores faixas de idade e entre aqueles de maior escolaridade. Verificou-se aumento dos níveis de prática de atividade física na maioria das situações investigadas. Ainda que esse aumento tenha reduzido as diferenças entre homens e mulheres, foram acentuadas as diferenças entre jovens e pessoas mais velhas e entre aqueles nos níveis extremos de escolaridade.


Abstract: This study aimed to analyze time trends in leisure-time physical activity in adults in Brazilian state capitals and the Federal District from 2006 to 2016. The study was based on data from the Risk and Protective Factors Surveillance System for Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases Through Telephone Interview (VIGITEL), collected by the Ministry of Health from 2006 to 2016 (n = 572,437). VIGITEL conducts interviews annually with more than 50,000 adults (≥ 18 years) living in households with hardline telephones. The main relevant VIGITEL questions for this study deal with leisure-time physical activity. We estimated the annual percentage of leisure-time physical activity in the three months prior to the interview, in addition to sufficient levels of such activit (≥ 150 minutes/week), available from 2009 to 2016 for the adult population as whole and according to sex, age, and schooling. There was an increase (p < 0.05) both in the percentage of leisure-time physical activity in the three months prior to the interview (from 44.0 to 53.6%, or 0.97 percentage points per year) and in the percentage of individuals that achieved recommended levels of physical activity, from 30.3 to 37.6% (1.20 percentage points per year) from 2009 to 2016. The increases were more frequent in women, younger adults, and those with more schooling. There was an increase in physical activity in the majority of the situations studied. Although this increase reduces the differences between men and women, the differences increased between young people and older individuals and between those at the extremes of educational levels.


Resumen: El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la tendencia temporal de la práctica de actividad física durante el tiempo de ocio entre adultos, en las capitales brasileñas y Distrito Federal, entre 2006 y 2016. Se utilizaron datos del Sistema de Vigilancia de Factores de Riesgo y Protección para Enfermedades Crónicas No Transmisibles por Entrevista Telefónica (VIGITEL), recogidos por el Ministerio de la Salud, durante el período entre 2006 y 2016 (n = 572.437). VIGITEL entrevista anualmente a más de cincuenta mil individuos adultos (edad ≥ 18 años) que residen en domicilios con teléfono fijo. Las principales preguntas de VIGITEL de interés en este estudio tratan sobre la práctica de actividad física durante el tiempo de ocio. Se estimó el porcentaje anual de realización de actividad física en el tiempo de ocio, durante los tres meses que antecedieron a la entrevista, además del referente a la práctica con nivel suficiente (≥ 150 minutos/semana), disponible entre los años 2009 y 2016, para el conjunto de la población, según sexo, edad y escolaridad. Se verificó un aumento (p < 0,05), tanto en el porcentaje de práctica de actividad física durante el ocio, en los tres meses que antecedieron a la entrevista (de 44,0 a 53,6%, 0,97 puntos porcentuales (pp)/año), en cuanto al porcentaje de individuos que alcanzaron las recomendaciones de práctica de actividad física: de 30,3 a 37,6% (1,20pp/año) entre 2009 a 2016. Los aumentos fueron más frecuentes entre las mujeres, en los individuos dentro de las menores franjas de edad y entre aquellos con mayor escolaridad. Se verificó un aumento de los niveles de práctica de actividad física en la mayoría de las situaciones investigadas. Aunque ese aumento haya reducido las diferencias entre hombres y mujeres, se acentuaron las diferencias entre jóvenes y personas más viejas y entre aquellos en los niveles extremos de escolaridad.

12.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 21(supl.1): e180020, 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-977716

RESUMO

RESUMO: Objetivo: Analisar as tendências de fatores de risco e proteção de doenças crônicas não transmissíveis (DCNT) e do acesso a exames preventivos na população com planos de saúde nas capitais brasileiras entre 2008 e 2015. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo transversal, analisando dados coletados do Sistema Nacional de Vigilância de Doenças Crônicas por Inquérito Telefônico (Vigitel), de adultos com 18 anos e mais. Foram analisadas tendências de indicadores de DCNT entre os usuários de planos de saúde, em cerca de 30 mil entrevistas a cada ano, entre 2008 e 2015. Utilizou-se o modelo de regressão linear simples para o cálculo das tendências. Resultados: Usuários de planos de saúde apresentaram aumento das prevalências de fatores de proteção como o consumo de frutas e legumes e atividade física no lazer; houve redução de fatores de risco como tabagismo, consumo de refrigerantes, aumento na cobertura de mamografia e declínio na prevalência do tabagismo. Entretanto, ocorreu aumento do excesso de peso, obesidade e diabetes. Conclusão: Existem diferenças segundo sexo, e em geral as mulheres acumulam mais fatores de proteção e homens, mais fatores de risco.


ABSTRACT: Objective: To analyze trends in risk and protective factors for non-communicable diseases (NCD) and access to preventive tests in the population with health insurance in Brazilian state capitals between 2008 and 2015. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study that analyzed data collected from the Surveillance of Risk and Protective Factors for non-communicable diseases (NCD) Telephone Survey (Sistema Nacional de Vigilância de Doenças Crônicas por Inquérito Telefônico - Vigitel) on adults aged 18 years and older. We analyzed trends in NCD indicators among health insurance users in approximately 30 thousand interviews done between 2008 and 2015. We used the simple linear regression model to calculate the trends. Results: Health insurance users showed an increase in the prevalence of protective factors such as fruit and vegetable consumption, and physical activity in leisure time. Also, there was a decrease in risk factors such as smoking and soft drink consumption, increase in mammography coverage, and a drop in smoking prevalence. However, overweight, obesity, and diabetes increased. Conclusion: There are differences according to gender, and, in general, women accumulate more protective factors and men, more risk factors.

13.
Epidemiol Serv Saude ; 26(4): 701-712, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29211136

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to introduce the methodology used to calculate post-stratification weights of the 2012 Surveillance System for Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Diseases by Telephone Survey (Vigitel) and to compare the trends of indicators estimated by cell-by-cell weighting and raking methods. METHODS: in this panel of cross-sectional studies, the prevalences of smokers, overweight, and intake of fruits and vegetables from 2006 to 2012 were estimated using the cell-by-cell weighting and raking methods. RESULTS: there were no differences in time trends of the indicators estimated by both methods, but the prevalence of smokers estimated by the raking method was lower than the estimated by cell-by-cell weighting, whilst the prevalence of fruit and vegetable intake was higher; for overweight, there was no difference between the methods. CONCLUSION: raking method presented higher accuracy of the estimates when compared to cell-by-cell weighting method, proving to be most convenient, although it presents register coverage bias.


Assuntos
Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Vigilância da População/métodos , Fumar/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Viés , Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Frutas , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Proteção , Fatores de Risco , Telefone , Verduras , Adulto Jovem
14.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 26(4): 701-712, out.-dez. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-953359

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: apresentar a metodologia utilizada na construção dos pesos de pós-estratificação do Sistema de Vigilância de Fatores de Risco e Proteção para Doenças Crônicas por Inquérito Telefônico (Vigitel) 2012 e comparar a tendência de indicadores estimados pelos métodos por célula e rake. MÉTODOS: neste painel de estudos transversais, foram estimadas as prevalências de fumantes, excesso de peso, consumo de frutas, verduras e legumes no período 2006-2012, pelos métodos por célula e rake. RESULTADOS: não houve diferenças nas tendências temporais dos indicadores estimados por ambos métodos; porém, as prevalências de fumantes estimadas pelo método rake foram inferiores àquelas estimadas pelo método por célula, enquanto as prevalências do consumo de frutas, verduras e legumes foram superiores; para o excesso de peso, não houve diferença entre os métodos. CONCLUSÃO: o método rake formeceu maior precisão das estimativas quando comparado ao método por célula, revelando-se mais vantajoso, embora apresente vício de cobertura de cadastro.


OBJETIVO: presentar la metodología utilizada para la construcción de pesos de post-estratificación del Sistema de Vigilancia de Fatores de Riesgo y Proteción para enfermedades Crónicas por Encuesta Telefónica (Vigitel) 2012 y comparar una tendencia de indicadores estimados por métodos de rake y célula. MÉTODOS: en este panel de estudios transversales, estimamos las prevalencias de fumantes, exceso de peso, consumo de frutas, verduras y legumbres, de 2006 a 2012, por métodos célula y rake. RESULTADOS: no hubo diferencias en las tendencias temporales de los indicadores; sin embargo las prevalencias de fumantes estimadas por el método rake fueron inferiores a las estimadas por célula, mientras que las prevalencias de consumo de frutas y legumbres fueron superiores; para el exceso de peso, no hubo diferencia entre los métodos. CONCLUSIÓN: método rake tuvo mayor precisión en las estimaciones cuando comparado con célula, mostrando más ventajas, aunque presenta vicio de cobertura de registro.


OBJECTIVE: to introduce the methodology used to calculate post-stratification weights of the 2012 Surveillance System for Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Diseases by Telephone Survey (Vigitel) and to compare the trends of indicators estimated by cell-by-cell weighting and raking methods. METHODS: in this panel of cross-sectional studies, the prevalences of smokers, overweight, and intake of fruits and vegetables from 2006 to 2012 were estimated using the cell-by-cell weighting and raking methods. RESULTS: there were no differences in time trends of the indicators estimated by both methods, but the prevalence of smokers estimated by the raking method was lower than the estimated by cell-by-cell weighting, whilst the prevalence of fruit and vegetable intake was higher; for overweight, there was no difference between the methods. CONCLUSION: raking method presented higher accuracy of the estimates when compared to cell-by-cell weighting method, proving to be most convenient, although it presents register coverage bias.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Telefone , Viés , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Vigilância , Estudos Transversais Seriados
15.
Cien Saude Colet ; 22(9): 2889-2898, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28954140

RESUMO

This study explored the association between demographic characteristics (age and sex) and other variables related to violence committed against children (form of violence perpetrator, place of occurrence, and nature of injury) using a sample of 404 children taken from the 2014 Violence and Accident Surveillance System (Sistema de Vigilância de Violências e Acidentes, VIVA) survey. Correspondence analysis was used to identify variables associated with the outcome violence against children. Victims were predominantly male. The most common form of violence was neglect/abandonment, followed by physical violence and sexual violence. The most common perpetrators were parents (ages zero to one and two to five years), followed by friends (ages six to nine years). The most common place of occurrence was the home. Notable levels of violence were observed at school, particularly among children aged between six and nine years. Neglect was most common in the age group zero to one year and two to five years, while physical violence was most common between children aged between six and nine years.


Assuntos
Abuso Sexual na Infância/estatística & dados numéricos , Maus-Tratos Infantis/estatística & dados numéricos , Pais , Violência/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Etários , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Amigos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino
16.
Cien Saude Colet ; 22(9): 2899-2908, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28954141

RESUMO

This study explored the characteristics of violence against adolescents who received treatment at urgent and emergency care centers participating in the 2014 Violence and Accident Surveillance System (Sistema de Vigilância de Violências e Acidentes, VIVA) survey and determined the association between demographic variables and the characteristics of violent events. The sample was composed of 815 adolescents who responded to the 2014 VIVA survey. Correspondence analysis was used to determine possible associations between the variables. Victims were predominantly males and the most common form of aggression was the use of firearms and sharp objects. Among males aged between 15 and 19 years, violent acts were predominantly committed in public thoroughfares and by strangers, and the most common injuries consisted of fractures and cuts, while among younger adolescents aged between 10 and 14 years the most common form of aggression was threats made by friends at school. The most common place of occurrence among females was the home. It is concluded that violence against adolescents permeates the chief agencies of socialization - the family and school - demonstrating the need to mobilize the whole society in tackling this problem.


Assuntos
Violência Doméstica/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Armas de Fogo/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
17.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 22(9): 2899-2908, Set. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-890458

RESUMO

Resumo No estudo descrevem-se as características das violências praticadas contra os adolescentes atendidos em serviços de urgência e emergência participantes do inquérito Vigilância de Violências e Acidentes (VIVA), em 2014, e analisar possíveis associações entre as variáveis. Foram analisados dados de 815 adolescentes na amostra e utilizada a análise de correspondência, que consiste em análise exploratória, visando identificar variáveis associadas de forma simultânea à violência contra eles. A agressão praticada contra os adolescentes teve como vítimas mais frequentes o sexo masculino, o meio de agressão utilizado foi a arma de fogo e objeto pérfuro cortante. Na faixa etária de 15 a 19 anos, predominaram as ocorrências praticadas nas vias públicas, por agressores desconhecidos e predominaram lesões como fraturas e cortes. Entre as vítimas entre 10 e 14 anos, o local de ocorrência foi a escola e o agressor foi o amigo, por meio de ameaças. Entre as vítimas do sexo feminino, as ocorrências foram mais frequentes na residência. Conclui-se que a violência envolvendo adolescentes perpassa as mais importantes instituições socializadoras: a família, a escola, apontando a necessidade de mobilizar toda a sociedade na perspectiva do seu enfrentamento.


Abstract This study explored the characteristics of violence against adolescents who received treatment at urgent and emergency care centers participating in the 2014 Violence and Accident Surveillance System (Sistema de Vigilância de Violências e Acidentes, VIVA) survey and determined the association between demographic variables and the characteristics of violent events. The sample was composed of 815 adolescents who responded to the 2014 VIVA survey. Correspondence analysis was used to determine possible associations between the variables. Victims were predominantly males and the most common form of aggression was the use of firearms and sharp objects. Among males aged between 15 and 19 years, violent acts were predominantly committed in public thoroughfares and by strangers, and the most common injuries consisted of fractures and cuts, while among younger adolescents aged between 10 and 14 years the most common form of aggression was threats made by friends at school. The most common place of occurrence among females was the home. It is concluded that violence against adolescents permeates the chief agencies of socialization - the family and school - demonstrating the need to mobilize the whole society in tackling this problem.

18.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 22(9): 2889-2898, Set. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-890460

RESUMO

Resumo No estudo descrevem-se as características demográficas, os tipos de violência praticada contra as crianças, os agressores envolvidos, os locais de ocorrência, além de se estimar a associação entre as variáveis. Foram analisados dados do inquérito Vigilância de Violências e Acidentes, em serviços sentinelas de urgência em 2014, com 404 crianças da amostra, utilizando-se a análise de correspondência, que consiste em análise exploratória, visando identificar variáveis associadas ao desfecho violência contra a criança. Essa se mostrou associada com sexo masculino e o tipo de violência mais frequente foi negligência/abandono, seguida da violência física e sexual. Os agressores mais frequentes foram pai/mãe, praticando violência contra crianças de 0 a 1 e 2 a 5 anos, seguidos de agressores conhecidos/amigos que praticaram violência contra crianças de 6 a 9 anos. O local de ocorrência mais frequente foi o domicílio. Na escola, as vítimas foram predominantemente crianças de 6 a 9 anos e, nas vias públicas, os meninos. A negligência foi mais frequente entre 0 a 1 ano e 2 a 5 anos, enquanto a violência física ocorreu entre 6 a 9 anos. Conclui-se que a violência é praticada contra crianças muito vulneráveis, sendo os autores mais frequentes pais e conhecidos.


Abstract This study explored the association between demographic characteristics (age and sex) and other variables related to violence committed against children (form of violence perpetrator, place of occurrence, and nature of injury) using a sample of 404 children taken from the 2014 Violence and Accident Surveillance System (Sistema de Vigilância de Violências e Acidentes, VIVA) survey. Correspondence analysis was used to identify variables associated with the outcome violence against children. Victims were predominantly male. The most common form of violence was neglect/abandonment, followed by physical violence and sexual violence. The most common perpetrators were parents (ages zero to one and two to five years), followed by friends (ages six to nine years). The most common place of occurrence was the home. Notable levels of violence were observed at school, particularly among children aged between six and nine years. Neglect was most common in the age group zero to one year and two to five years, while physical violence was most common between children aged between six and nine years.

19.
Rev Saude Publica ; 51(suppl 1): 11s, 2017 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28591346

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze factors associated with self-reported high blood pressure among adults in Brazilian state capitals. METHODS: The study uses data from Sistema de Vigilância de Fatores de Risco e Proteção para Doenças Crônicas por Inquérito Telefônico (Vigitel - Surveillance System of Risk and Protection Factors of Noncommunicable Diseases by Telephone Survey) collected in 2013. Prevalence rates and their respective 95% confidence intervals by gender were estimated according to sociodemographic variables, lifestyle, reported noncommunicable diseases and self-rated health status. Multivariate logistic regression modeling was used to identify variables associated with self-reported high blood pressure with α < 0.05. RESULTS: Prevalence of self-reported high blood pressure among adults living in Brazilian state capitals and the Federal District was 24.1%. The following variables were associated with self-reported high blood pressure: age group, taking 18-24 as reference (all age groups presented increased risk - from 25-34 years [OR = 2.6; 95%CI 2.0-3.4] up to 65 years or more [OR = 28.1; 95%CI 21.7-36.4]); low education level (9 to 11 years of study [OR = 0.8; 95%CI 0.7-0.9] and 12 years or more [OR = 0.6; 95%CI 0.6-0.7]); Black race or skin color (OR = 1.3; 95%CI 1.1-1.5); being a former smoker (OR = 1.2; 95%CI 1.1-1.3); obesity (OR = 2.7; 95%CI 2.4-3.0); diabetes (OR = 2.9; 95%CI 2.5-3.5%), and high cholesterol (OR = 1.9; 95%CI 1.8-2.2). CONCLUSIONS: Approximately one quarter of the adult population living in Brazilian state capitals reported having high blood pressure. Information from Vigitel is useful to monitor high blood pressure and identity its associated factors, supporting public policies for health promotion, surveillance and care.


Assuntos
Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Brasil/epidemiologia , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Feminino , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Autorrelato , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana , Adulto Jovem
20.
Rev Saude Publica ; 51(suppl 1): 12s, 2017 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28591347

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyze the factors associated with self-reported diabetes among adult participants of the National Health Survey (PNS). METHODS: Cross-sectional study using data of the PNS carried out in 2013, from interviews with adults (≥ 18 years) of 64,348 Brazilian households. The prevalence of self-reported diabetes, assessed by the question "Has a doctor ever told you that you have diabetes?," was related to sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle, self-reported chronic disease, and self-evaluation of the health condition. Prevalence ratios were adjusted according to age, sex, and schooling by Poisson regression with robust variance. RESULTS: The diagnosis of diabetes was reported by 6.2% of respondents. Its crude prevalence was higher in women (7.0% vs. 5.4%), and among older adults, reaching 19.8% in the elderly. Black adults who received less schooling showed higher prevalence. Among those classified as obese, 11.8% reported having diabetes. Ex-smokers, those insufficiently active and those who consume alcohol abusively reported diabetes more often. Differences were not verified in eating habits among adults who reported, or did not, diabetes. A relation between diabetes and hypertension was found. CONCLUSIONS: After adjustment according to age, schooling and sex, diabetes was shown to be associated with higher age, lower schooling, past smoking, overweight and obesity, and hypertension, as well as with a self-declared poor state of health, indicating a pattern of risk factors common to many chronic non-communicable diseases and the association of the disease with morbidity.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/etiologia , Autorrelato , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
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