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1.
Inorg Chem ; 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32822178

RESUMO

Previous reports in the literature describe that the crystallization of hexaphenyl carbodiphosphorane (CDPPh) from a variety of solvents gives a "bent" geometry for the P-C-P moiety as the solid-state molecular structure. However, a linear structure is observed when CDPPh is crystallized from benzene. Here, we report detailed spectroscopic and theoretical studies on the linear and bent structures. X-ray powder diffraction examinations show a phase transition of linear CDPPh upon the loss of co-crystallized benzene molecules, which is accompanied by the bending of the P-C-P unit. Studies on the linear and bent structures (i.e., X-ray powder diffraction, solid-state NMR, UV-vis spectroscopy, and IR spectroscopy) show significant differences in their properties. Investigations of the solid-state structures with density functional theory-based methods (PBE-D3) point toward subtle dispersion effects being responsible for this solvent-induced bond-bending isomerism in CDPPh.

2.
Magn Reson Chem ; 2020 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32364623

RESUMO

The practicality of obtaining liquid- and solid-state 207 Pb nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra with a low permanent-field magnet is investigated. Obtaining 207 Pb NMR spectra of salts in solution is shown to be viable for samples as dilute as 0.05 M. The concentration dependence of the 207 Pb chemical shifts for lead nitrate was investigated; the results are comparable with those obtained with high-field instruments. Likewise, the isotope effect of substituting D2 O for H2 O as the solvent was investigated and found to be comparable with those reported previously. Obtaining solid-state 207 Pb NMR spectra is challenging, but we demonstrate the ability to obtain such spectra for three unique solid samples. An axially symmetric 207 Pb powder pattern for lead nitrate and the powder pattern expected for lead chloride reveal linewidths dominated by shielding anisotropy, while 207 Pb-35/37 Cl J-coupling dominates in the methylammonium lead chloride perovskite material. Finally, recent innovations and the future potential of the instruments are considered.

3.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(24): 10780-10793, 2020 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32426971

RESUMO

Efficient white-light-emitting single-material sources are ideal for sustainable lighting applications. Though layered hybrid lead-halide perovskite materials have demonstrated attractive broad-band white-light emission properties, they pose a serious long-term environmental and health risk as they contain lead (Pb2+) and are readily soluble in water. Recently, lead-free halide double perovskite (HDP) materials with a generic formula A(I)2B'(III)B″(I)X6 (where A and B are cations and X is a halide ion) have demonstrated white-light emission with improved photoluminescence quantum yields (PLQYs). Here, we present a series of Bi3+/In3+ mixed-cationic Cs2Bi1-xInxAgCl6 HDP solid solutions that span the indirect to direct band-gap modification which exhibit tailorable optical properties. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations indicate an indirect-direct band-gap crossover composition when x > 0.50. These HDP materials emit over the entire visible light spectrum, centered at 600 ± 30 nm with full-width at half maxima of ca. 200 nm upon ultraviolet light excitation and a maximum PLQY of 34 ± 4% for Cs2Bi0.085In0.915AgCl6. Short-range structural insight for these materials is crucial to unravel the unique atomic-level structural properties which are difficult to distinguish by diffraction-based techniques. Hence, we demonstrate the advantage of using solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy to deconvolute the local structural environments of these mixed-cationic HDPs. Using ultrahigh-field (21.14 T) NMR spectroscopy of quadrupolar nuclei (115In, 133Cs, and 209Bi), we show that there is a high degree of atomic-level B'(III)/B″(I) site ordering (i.e., no evidence of antisite defects). Furthermore, a combination of XRD, NMR, and DFT calculations was used to unravel the complete atomic-level random Bi3+/In3+ cationic mixing in Cs2Bi1-xInxAgCl6 HDPs. Briefly, this work provides an advance in understanding the photophysical properties that correlate long- to short-range structural elucidation of these newly developed solid-state white-light emitting HDP materials.

4.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(36): 32739-32745, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31414791

RESUMO

An innovative application of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) is in biomedical materials. To treat bone demineralization, which is a hallmark of osteoporosis, biocompatible MOFs (bioMOFs) have been proposed in which various components, such as alkaline-earth cations and bisphosphonate molecules, can be delivered to maintain normal bone density. Multicomponent bioMOFs that release several components simultaneously at a controlled rate thus offer an attractive solution. We report two new bioMOFs, comprising strontium and calcium ions linked by p-xylylenebisphosphonate molecules that release these three components and display no cytotoxic effects on human osteosarcoma cells. Varying the Sr2+/Ca2+ ratio in these bioMOFs causes the rate of ions dissolving into simulated body fluid to be unique; along with the ability to adsorb proteins, this property is crucial for future efforts in drug-release control and promotion of mineral formation. The one-pot synthesis of these bioMOFs demonstrates the utility of MOF design strategies.


Assuntos
Biomineralização , Cálcio/química , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Estrôncio/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Difosfonatos/química , Humanos , Íons , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Soroalbumina Bovina/química , Difração de Raios X
5.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(13): 5415-5436, 2019 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30762369

RESUMO

Modification of carbon nitride based polymeric 2D materials for tailoring their optical, electronic and chemical properties for various applications has gained significant interest. The present report demonstrates the synthesis of a novel modified carbon nitride framework with a remarkable 3:5 C:N stoichiometry (C3N5) and an electronic bandgap of 1.76 eV, by thermal deammoniation of the melem hydrazine precursor. Characterization revealed that in the C3N5 polymer, two s-heptazine units are bridged together with azo linkage, which constitutes an entirely new and different bonding fashion from g-C3N4 where three heptazine units are linked together with tertiary nitrogen. Extended conjugation due to overlap of azo nitrogens and increased electron density on heptazine nucleus due to the aromatic π network of heptazine units lead to an upward shift of the valence band maximum resulting in bandgap reduction down to 1.76 eV. XRD, He-ion imaging, HR-TEM, EELS, PL, fluorescence lifetime imaging, Raman, FTIR, TGA, KPFM, XPS, NMR and EPR clearly show that the properties of C3N5 are distinct from pristine carbon nitride (g-C3N4). When used as an electron transport layer (ETL) in MAPbBr3 based halide perovskite solar cells, C3N5 outperformed g-C3N4, in particular generating an open circuit photovoltage as high as 1.3 V, while C3N5 blended with MA xFA1- xPb(I0.85Br0.15)3 perovskite active layer achieved a photoconversion efficiency (PCE) up to 16.7%. C3N5 was also shown to be an effective visible light sensitizer for TiO2 photoanodes in photoelectrochemical water splitting. Because of its electron-rich character, the C3N5 material displayed instantaneous adsorption of methylene blue from aqueous solution reaching complete equilibrium within 10 min, which is significantly faster than pristine g-C3N4 and other carbon based materials. C3N5 coupled with plasmonic silver nanocubes promotes plasmon-exciton coinduced surface catalytic reactions reaching completion at much low laser intensity (1.0 mW) than g-C3N4, which showed sluggish performance even at high laser power (10.0 mW). The relatively narrow bandgap and 2D structure of C3N5 make it an interesting air-stable and temperature-resistant semiconductor for optoelectronic applications while its electron-rich character and intrasheet cavity make it an attractive supramolecular adsorbent for environmental applications.

6.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(1): 154-158, 2019 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30408328

RESUMO

Flexible, chelating bis(NHC) ligand 2, able to accommodate both cis- and trans-coordination modes, was used to synthesize (2)Ni(η2 -cod), 3. In reaction with GeCl2 , it produced (2)NiGeCl2 , 4, featuring a T-shaped Ni0 and a pyramidal Ge center. Complex 4 could also be prepared from [(2)GeCl]Cl, 5, and Ni(cod)2 , in a reaction that formally involved Ni-Ge transmetalation, followed by coordination of the extruded GeCl2 moiety to Ni. A computational analysis showed that 4 possesses considerable multiconfigurational character and the Ni→Ge bond is formed through σ-donation from the Ni 4s, 4p, and 3d orbitals to Ge. (NHC)2 Ni(cod) complexes 9 and 10, as well as (NHC)2 GeCl2 derivative 11, incorporating ligands that cannot accommodate a wide bite angle, failed to produce isolable Ni-Ge complexes. The isolation of (2)Ni(η2 -Py), 12, provides further evidence for the reluctance of the (2)Ni0 fragment to act as a σ-Lewis acid.

7.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 9(10): 2671-2677, 2018 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29715040

RESUMO

Mixed-halide lead perovskites are becoming of paramount interest in the optoelectronic and photovoltaic research fields, offering band gap tunability, improved efficiency, and enhanced stability compared to their single halide counterparts. Formamidinium-based mixed halide perovskites (FA-MHPs) are critical to obtaining optimum solar cell performance. Here, we report a solvent-free mechanochemical synthesis (MCS) method to prepare FA-MHPs, starting with their parent compounds (FAPbX3; X = Cl, Br, I), achieving compositions not previously accessible through the solvent synthesis (SS) technique. By probing local Pb environments in MCS FA-MHPs using solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, along with powder X-ray diffraction for long-range crystallinity and reflectance measurements to determine the optical band gap, we show that MCS FA-MHPs form atomic-level solid solutions between Cl/Br and Br/I MHPs. Our results pave the way for advanced methods in atomic-level structural understanding while offering a one-pot synthetic approach to prepare MHPs with superior control of stoichiometry.


Assuntos
Amidinas/química , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Chumbo/química , Óxidos/química , Titânio/química , Halogênios/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Energia Solar , Solventes/química , Difração de Raios X
8.
J Phys Chem A ; 122(6): 1560-1573, 2018 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29337561

RESUMO

In light of the intense recent interest in the methylammonium lead halides, CH3NH3PbX3 (X = Cl, Br, and I) as sensitizers for photovoltaic cells, the dynamics of the methylammonium (MA) cation in these perovskite salts has been reinvestigated as a function of temperature via 2H, 14N, and 207Pb NMR spectroscopy. In the cubic phase of all three salts, the MA cation undergoes pseudoisotropic tumbling (picosecond time scale). For example, the correlation time, τ2, for the C-N axis of the iodide salt is 0.85 ± 0.30 ps at 330 K. The dynamics of the MA cation are essentially continuous across the cubic ↔ tetragonal phase transition; however, 2H and 14N NMR line shapes indicate that subtle ordering of the MA cation occurs in the tetragonal phase. The temperature dependence of the cation ordering is rationalized using a six-site model, with two equivalent sites along the c-axis and four equivalent sites either perpendicular or approximately perpendicular to this axis. As the cubic ↔ tetragonal phase transition temperature is approached, the six sites are nearly equally populated. Below the tetragonal ↔ orthorhombic phase transition, 2H NMR line shapes indicate that the C-N axis is essentially frozen.

9.
J Magn Reson ; 283: 14-21, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28843057

RESUMO

A new solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) thermometry sample is proposed. The 207Pb NMR chemical shift of a lead halide perovskite, methylammonium lead chloride (MAPbCl3) is very sensitive to temperature, 0.905±0.010ppmK-1. The response to temperature is linear over a wide temperature range, from its tetragonal to cubic phase transition at 178K to >410K, making it an ideal standard for temperature calibrations in this range. Because the 207Pb NMR lineshape for MAPbCl3 appears symmetric, the sample is ideal for calibration of variable temperature NMR data acquired for spinning or non-spinning samples. A frequency-ratio method is proposed for referencing 207Pb chemical shifts, based on the 1H and 13C frequencies of the methylammonium cation, which are used asan internal standard. Finally, this new NMR thermometer has been used to measure the degree of frictional heating asa function of spinning frequency for a series of MAS rotors ranging in outer diameter from 1.3 to 7.0mm. As expected, the largest diameter rotors are more susceptible to frictional heating, but lower diameter rotors are subjected to higher frictional heating temperatures as they are typically spun at much higher spinning frequencies.

10.
J Phys Chem B ; 120(45): 11692-11704, 2016 11 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27782387

RESUMO

We report a combined solid-state (1H, 2H, 13C, 17O) NMR and plane-wave density functional theory (DFT) computational study of the O···H···O low-barrier hydrogen bonds (LBHBs) in two 1,3-diketone compounds: dibenzoylmethane (1) and curcumin (2). In the solid state, both 1 and 2 exist in the cis-keto-enol tautomeric form, each exhibiting an intramolecular LBHB with a short O···O distance (2.435 Å in 1 and 2.455 Å in 2). Whereas numerous experimental (structural and spectroscopic) and computational studies have been reported for the enol isomers of 1,3-diketones, a unified picture about the proton location within an LBHB is still lacking. This work reports for the first time the solid-state 17O NMR data for the O···H···O LBHBs in 1,3-diketones. The central conclusion of this work is that detailed information about the probability density distribution of the proton (nuclear zero-point motion) across an LBHB can be obtained from a combination of solid-state NMR and plane-wave DFT computations (both NMR parameter calculations and ab initio molecular dynamics simulations). We propose that the precise proton probability distribution across an LBHB should provide a common basis on which different and sometimes seemingly contradicting experimental results obtained from complementary techniques, such as X-ray diffraction, neutron diffraction, and solid-state NMR, can be reconciled.

11.
J Phys Chem A ; 119(49): 11847-61, 2015 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26565918

RESUMO

Twenty-five strontium-containing solids were characterized via (87)Sr NMR spectroscopy at natural abundance and high magnetic field strength (B0 = 21.14 T). Strontium nuclear quadrupole coupling constants in these compounds are sensitive to the strontium site symmetry and range from 0 to 50.5 MHz. An experimental (87)Sr chemical shift scale is proposed, and available data indicate a chemical shift range of approximately 550 ppm, from -200 to +350 ppm relative to Sr(2+)(aq). In general, magnetic shielding increased with strontium coordination number. Experimentally measured chemical shift anisotropy is reported for stationary samples of solid powdered SrCl2·6H2O, SrBr2·6H2O, and SrCO3, with δaniso((87)Sr) values of +28, +26, and -65 ppm, respectively. NMR parameters were calculated using CASTEP, a gauge including projector augmented wave (GIPAW) DFT-based program, which addresses the periodic nature of solids using plane-wave basis sets. Calculated NMR parameters are in good agreement with those measured.

12.
J Phys Chem A ; 119(30): 8279-93, 2015 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26101890

RESUMO

The results of a solid-state (63/65)Cu and (31)P NMR investigation of several copper(I) complexes with functionalized 3-(2'-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazole and phosphine ligands that have shown potential in the preparation of photoluminescent devices are reported. For each complex studied, distinct NMR parameters, with moderate (63)Cu nuclear quadrupolar coupling constant (CQ) values ranging from -17.2 to -23.7 MHz, are attributed to subtle variations in the distorted four-coordinate environments about the copper nuclei. The spans of the copper chemical shift (CS) tensors, δ11-δ33, for the mono- and bisphosphine complexes are also similar, ranging from 1000 to 1150 ppm, but that for a complex with a strained bidentate phosphine ligand is only 650 ppm. The effects of residual dipolar and indirect spin-spin coupling arising from the (63/65)Cu- (31)P spin pairs, observed in the solid-state (31)P NMR spectra of these complexes, yield information about the orientations of the copper electric field gradient (EFG) tensors relative to the Cu-P bond. Variable-temperature (31)P NMR measurements for [Cu(bptzH)(dppe)]ClO4 (bptzH = 5-tert-butyl-3-(2'-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazole; dppe = 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane), undertaken to investigate the cause of the broad unresolved spectra observed at room temperature, demonstrate that the broadening arises from partial self-decoupling of the (63/65)Cu nuclei, a consequence of rapid quadrupolar relaxation. Ab initio calculations of copper EFG and CS tensors were performed to probe relationships between NMR parameters and molecular structure. The analysis demonstrated that CQ((63/65)Cu) is negative for all complexes studied here and that the largest components of the EFG tensors are generally coincident with δ11.

13.
J Phys Chem A ; 118(7): 1203-12, 2014 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24460126

RESUMO

The hydride proton magnetic shielding tensors for a series of iridium(III) and rhodium(III) complexes are determined. Although it has long been known that hydridic protons for transition-metal hydrides are often extremely shielded, this is the first experimental determination of the shielding tensors for such complexes. Isolating the (1)H NMR signal for a hydride proton requires careful experimental strategies because the spectra are generally dominated by ligand (1)H signals. We show that this can be accomplished for complexes containing as many as 66 ligand protons by substituting the latter with deuterium and by using hyperbolic secant pulses to selectively irradiate the hydride proton signal. We also demonstrate that the quality of the results is improved by performing experiments at the highest practical magnetic field (21.14 T for the work presented here). The hydride protons for iridium hydride complexes HIrX2(PR3)2 (X = Cl, Br, or I; R = isopropyl, cyclohexyl) are highly shielded with isotropic chemical shifts of approximately -50 ppm and are also highly anisotropic, with spans (=δ11 - δ33) ranging from 85.1 to 110.7 ppm. The hydridic protons for related rhodium complexes HRhCl2(PR3)2 also have unusual magnetic shielding properties with chemical shifts and spans of approximately -32 and 85 ppm, respectively. Relativistic density functional theory computations were performed to determine the orientation of the principal components of the hydride proton shielding tensors and to provide insights into the origin of these highly anisotropic shielding tensors. The results of our computations agree well with experiment, and our conclusions concerning the importance of relativistic effects support those recently reported by Kaupp and co-workers.

14.
Chemistry ; 19(8): 2826-38, 2013 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23307415

RESUMO

Several 1:1 adducts of gallium trihalides with triarylphosphines, X(3)Ga(PR(3)) (X=Cl, Br, and I; PR(3)=triarylphosphine ligand), were investigated by using solid-state (69/71)Ga and (31)P NMR spectroscopy at different magnetic-field strengths. The (69/71)Ga nuclear quadrupolar coupling parameters, as well as the gallium and phosphorus magnetic shielding tensors, were determined. The magnitude of the (71)Ga quadrupolar coupling constants (C(Q)((71)Ga)) range from approximately 0.9 to 11.0 MHz. The spans of the gallium magnetic shielding tensors for these complexes, δ(11)-δ(33), range from approximately 30 to 380 ppm; those determined for phosphorus range from 10 to 40 ppm. For any given phosphine ligand, the gallium nuclei are most shielded for X=I and least shielded for X=Cl, a trend previously observed for In(III)-phosphine complexes. This experimental trend, attributed to spin-orbit effects of the halogen ligands, is reproduced by DFT calculations. The signs of C(Q)((69/71)Ga) for some of the adducts were determined from the analysis of the (31)P NMR spectra acquired with magic angle spinning (MAS). The (1)J((69/71)Ga,(31)P) and ΔJ((69/71)Ga, (31)P) values, as well as their signs, were also determined; values of (1)J((71)Ga,(31)P) range from approximately 380 to 1590 Hz. Values of (1)J((69/71)Ga,(31)P) and ΔJ((69/71)Ga,(31)P) calculated by using DFT have comparable magnitudes and generally reproduce experimental trends. Both the Fermi-contact and spin-dipolar Fermi-contact mechanisms make important contributions to the (1)J((69/71)Ga,(31)P) tensors. The (31)P NMR spectra of several adducts in solution, obtained as a function of temperature, are contrasted with those obtained in the solid state. Finally, to complement the analysis of NMR spectra for these adducts, single-crystal X-ray diffraction data for Br(3)Ga[P(p-Anis)(3)] and I(3)Ga[P(p-Anis)(3)] were obtained.

15.
Sci Rep ; 2: 719, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23056911

RESUMO

Enriching plant tissues with (13)C and (15)N isotopes has provided long-lasting, non-reactive tracers to quantify rates of terrestrial elemental fluxes (e.g., soil organic matter decomposition). However, the molecular location and level of isotope enrichment may differ among plant tissues. This factor is central to the integrity and interpretation of tracer data, but is seldom considered in experiments. We propose a rapid, non-destructive method to quantify molecular isotope allocation using solid-state (13)C and (15)N nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. With this method, we tracked and quantified the fate of multiple pulses of (13)CO(2)(g) and K (15)NO(3)(l) in boreal tree seedling roots and leaves as a function of time. Results show that initial preferential (13)C carbohydrate enrichment in the leaves was followed by redistribution to more complex compounds after seven days. While (13)C allocation within the roots was uniform across molecules, (15)N results indicate an initial enrichment of amine molecules after two hours.


Assuntos
Isótopos de Carbono/análise , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Isótopos de Nitrogênio/análise , Plântula/metabolismo , Árvores/metabolismo , Ecossistema , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Solo/análise
16.
J Am Chem Soc ; 132(15): 5479-93, 2010 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20349956

RESUMO

Solid-state (115)In and (31)P NMR spectroscopy, relativistic density functional theory (DFT) calculations, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction were used to investigate a series of triarylphosphine indium(III) trihalide adducts, X(3)In(PR(3)) and X(3)In(PR(3))(2) (X = Cl, Br or I; PR(3) = triarylphosphine ligand). The electric field gradient tensors at indium as well as the indium and phosphorus magnetic shielding tensors and the direct and indirect (115)In-(31)P spin-spin coupling were characterized; for complexes possessing a C(3) symmetry axis, the anisotropy in the indirect spin-spin coupling, DeltaJ((115)In,(31)P), was also determined. The (115)In quadrupolar coupling constants, C(Q)((115)In), range from +/-1.25 +/- 0.10 to -166.0 +/- 2.0 MHz. For any given phosphine ligand, the indium nuclei are most shielded for X = I and least shielded for X = Cl, a trend also observed for other group-13 nuclei in M(III) complexes. This experimental trend, attributed to spin-orbit effects of the halogen ligands, is reproduced by the DFT calculations. The spans of the indium magnetic shielding tensors for these complexes, delta(11)-delta(33), range from 40 +/- 7 to 710 +/- 60 ppm; those determined for phosphorus range from 28 +/- 1.5 to 50 +/- 3 ppm. Values of (1)J((115)In,(31)P) range from 550 +/- 20 to 2500 +/- 20 Hz. For any given halide, the (1)J((115)In,(31)P) values generally increase with increasing basicity of the PR(3) ligand. Calculated values of (1)J((115)In,(31)P) and DeltaJ((115)In,(31)P) duplicate experimental trends and indicate that both the Fermi-contact and spin-dipolar Fermi-contact mechanisms make important contributions to the (1)J((115)In,(31)P) tensors.

17.
Inorg Chem ; 49(8): 3950-7, 2010 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20232831

RESUMO

Treatment of 2 equiv of Au(THT)Cl (THT = tetrahydrothiophene) with the bis(secondary) phosphines HP(R) approximately PH(R) (linker approximately = (CH(2))(3), R = Mes = 2,4,6-Me(3)C(6)H(2) (1), R = Is = 2,4,6-(i-Pr)(3)C(6)H(2) (2), R = Ph (4); approximately = (CH(2))(2), R = Is (3); HP(R) approximately PH(R) = 1,1'-(eta(5)-C(5)H(4)PHPh)(2)Fe (5)), gave the dinuclear complexes (AuCl)(2)(mu-HP(R) approximately PH(R)) (6-10). Dehydrohalogenation with aqueous ammonia gave the phosphido complexes [(Au)(2)(mu-P(R) approximately P(R))](n) (11-15). Ferrocenyl- and phenylphosphido derivatives 15 and 14 were insoluble; the latter was characterized by solid-state (31)P NMR spectroscopy. Isitylphosphido complexes 12 and 13 gave rise to broad, ill-defined NMR spectra. However, mesitylphosphido complex 11 was formed as a single product, which was characterized by multinuclear solution NMR spectroscopy, solid-state (31)P NMR spectroscopy, and elemental analyses. Mass spectrometry suggested that this material contained eight gold atoms (n = 4). A structure proposed on the basis of the (1)H NMR spectra, containing a distorted cube of phosphorus atoms, was confirmed by X-ray crystallographic structure determination. NMR spectroscopy, including measurement of the hydrodynamic radius of 11 by (1)H NMR DOSY, suggested that this structure was maintained in solution. Density functional theory (DFT) structural calculations on 11 were also in good agreement with the solid-state structure.

18.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 11(15): 2690-9, 2009 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19421527

RESUMO

Five octahedral Co(iii) cations, [trans-Co(en)(2)(X)((13)CH(3))](n+) where en = ethylenediamine, X = CN(-), N(3)(-), NH(3), NO(2)(-) or H(2)O and n = 1 or 2, as well as [Co(NH(3))(5)(13)CH(3)](2+), have been investigated by solid-state (13)C and (59)Co NMR spectroscopy. We show that the determination of the (59)Co nuclear quadrupolar parameters both directly via(59)Co NMR and indirectly via(13)C NMR provide complementary information that is unavailable if one investigates only one nucleus. Specifically, (1)J((59)Co,(13)C) and the orientation of the largest component of the EFG were determined via(13)C NMR spectroscopy, which also established the negative sign of C(Q)((59)Co). Cobalt-59 NMR spectroscopy was used to characterize the cobalt magnetic shielding tensor, to verify the magnitudes of C(Q)((59)Co) and to establish the value of eta(Q), which is difficult to determine indirectly. The measurements show that the EFG tensors are either axially symmetric or close to being so, but there is a wide range of C(Q) values, from -40 MHz for the complex with X = H(2)O to -105 MHz with X = CN(-). The Co chemical shift tensors are approximately axially symmetric with the spans, delta(11)-delta(33), ranging from 3700 to 5600 ppm for X = H(2)O and CN(-), respectively. The latter measurements also established the relative orientations of the Co EFG and chemical shift tensors. Density functional theory calculations of the (59)Co EFG and magnetic shielding tensors as well as of (1)J((59)Co,(13)C) for the NO(2)(-) and N(3)(-) complexes were undertaken. These calculations confirm the experimental observation that the sign of C(Q) is negative and that the largest component of the EFG is along the Co-methyl-carbon bond.

19.
Inorg Chem ; 48(9): 4219-30, 2009 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19351134

RESUMO

Cadmium(II) cysteinate compounds have recently been recognized to provide an environmentally friendly route for the production of CdS nanoparticles, used in semiconductors. In this article, we have studied the coordination for two cadmium(II) cysteinates, Cd(HCys)(2) x H(2)O (1) and {Cd(HCys)(2) x H(2)O}(2) x H(3)O(+)ClO(4)(-) (2), by means of vibrational (Raman and IR absorption), solid-state NMR ((113)Cd and (13)C), and Cd K- and L(3)-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy. Indistinguishable Cd K-edge extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and Cd L(3)-edge X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectra were obtained for the two compounds, showing similar local structure around the cadmium(II) ions. The vibrational spectra show that the cysteine amine group is protonated (NH(3)(+)) and not involved in bonding. The (113)Cd solid-state cross-polarization magic angle spinning NMR spectra showed a broad signal in the approximately 500-700 ppm range, with the peak maximum at about 650 ppm, indicating three to four coordinated thiolate groups. Careful analyses of low-frequency Raman and far-IR spectra revealed bridging and terminal Cd-S vibrational bands. The average Cd-S distance of 2.52 +/- 0.02 A that constantly emerged from least-squares curve-fitting of the EXAFS spectra is consistent with CdS(4) and CdS(3)O coordination. Both structural models yielded reasonable values for the refined parameters, with a slightly better fit for the CdS(3)O configuration, for which the Cd-O distance of 2.27 +/- 0.04 A was obtained. The Cd L(3)-edge XANES spectra of 1 and 2 resembled that of the CdS(3)O model compound and showed that the coordination around Cd(II) ions in 1 and 2 cannot be exclusively CdS(4). The small separation of 176 cm(-1) between the infrared symmetric and antisymmetric COO(-) stretching modes indicates monodentate or strongly asymmetrical bidentate coordination of a cysteine carboxylate group in the CdS(3)O units. The combined results are consistent with a "cyclic/cage" type of structure for both the amorphous solids 1 and 2, composed of CdS(4) and CdS(3)O units with single thiolate (Cd-S-Cd) bridges, although a minor amount of cadmium(II) sites with CdS(3)O(2-3) and CdS(4)O coordination geometries cannot be ruled out.


Assuntos
Cádmio/química , Cisteína/química , Compostos Organometálicos/síntese química , Acetatos/síntese química , Acetatos/química , Cisteína/síntese química , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Percloratos/síntese química , Percloratos/química , Análise Espectral
20.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 10(36): 5552-63, 2008 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18956090

RESUMO

Phosphorus-31 NMR spectra of solid [tris(dimethylphenylphosphine)](2,5-norbornadiene) rhodium(I) hexafluorophosphate have been acquired at several applied magnetic field strengths. The phosphorus nuclei of the three phosphine ligands are spin-spin coupled to each other and to 103Rh, resulting in complex NMR spectra; however, the three phosphorus chemical shift (CS) tensors were determined through the analysis of NMR spectra of slow magic angle spinning and stationary samples. Spectra of spinning samples in rotational resonance and two-dimensional 31P NMR spectra were particularly useful for determining the magnitudes of the indirect spin-spin couplings, and to probe their signs. Despite being in similar environments, the three phosphorus nuclei of the phosphine ligands have distinct CS tensors. In particular, the spans of these tensors, delta11-delta33, range from 80 to 176 ppm. The phosphorus CS tensors have been assigned to specific sites determined by X-ray crystallography, based on a combination of the experimental results and the results of quantum chemical calculations of the phosphorus shielding and 2J(31P,31P) values. The effect of coordination of dimethylphenylphosphine with rhodium has been investigated by comparing calculated phosphorus CS tensors for the uncoordinated ligand with those obtained for the ligands in the complex.


Assuntos
Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/normas , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Isótopos de Fósforo , Padrões de Referência , Rotação
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