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1.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 2020 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32596977

RESUMO

The ENIGMA group on Generalized Anxiety Disorder (ENIGMA-Anxiety/GAD) is part of a broader effort to investigate anxiety disorders using imaging and genetic data across multiple sites worldwide. The group is actively conducting a mega-analysis of a large number of brain structural scans. In this process, the group was confronted with many methodological challenges related to study planning and implementation, between-country transfer of subject-level data, quality control of a considerable amount of imaging data, and choices related to statistical methods and efficient use of resources. This report summarizes the background information and rationale for the various methodological decisions, as well as the approach taken to implement them. The goal is to document the approach and help guide other research groups working with large brain imaging data sets as they develop their own analytic pipelines for mega-analyses.

2.
Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging ; 268: 15-21, 2017 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28837828

RESUMO

Late-life Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is relatively understudied and the underlying structural and functional neuroanatomy has received little attention. In this study, we compare the brain structural characteristics in white and gray matter in 31 non-anxious older adults and 28 late-life GAD participants. Gray matter indices (cortical thickness and volume) were measured using FreeSurfer parcellation and segmentation, and mean diffusivity was obtained through Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI). We assessed both macroscopic white matter changes [using white matter hyperintensity (WMH) burden] and microscopic white matter integrity [using fractional anisotropy (FA)]. No differences in macro- or microscopic white matter integrity were found between GAD and non-anxious controls (HC). GAD participants had lower cortical thickness in the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), inferior frontal gyrus, and pregenual anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). Higher worry severity was associated with gray matter changes in OFC, ACC and the putamen. The results did not survive the multiple comparison correction, but the effect sizes indicate a moderate effect. The study suggests that late-life GAD is associated with gray matter changes in areas involved in emotion regulation, more so than with white matter changes. We conclude that anxiety-related chronic hypercortisolemia may have a dissociative effect on gray and white matter integrity.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/patologia , Encéfalo/patologia , Substância Cinzenta/patologia , Substância Branca/patologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anisotropia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/complicações , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome de Cushing/etiologia , Síndrome de Cushing/patologia , Síndrome de Cushing/psicologia , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão/métodos , Emoções , Feminino , Substância Cinzenta/diagnóstico por imagem , Giro do Cíngulo/diagnóstico por imagem , Giro do Cíngulo/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Córtex Pré-Frontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Córtex Pré-Frontal/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Substância Branca/diagnóstico por imagem
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