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1.
Minerva Cardiol Angiol ; 69(6): 720-734, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34870383

RESUMO

Percutaneous non-valvular structural interventions, encompassing patent foramen ovale, atrial or ventricular septal defect closure and left atrial appendage closure, are usually performed in young and healthy patients and represent a valid alternative to pharmacological or surgical interventions. In order to minimize procedural and device related complications, a careful pre-procedural planning together with an accurate intra-procedural imaging are crucial to improve patient's outcome. In this article, we review currently available evidence on patient selection, procedural planning and interventional guidance helping physician to determine who will derive the most benefit from the procedure.

2.
EuroIntervention ; 2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34734559

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The presence of severe calcific atherosclerosis at the iliofemoral axis may preclude transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) by the transfemoral (TF) approach. Intravascular lithotripsy (IVL) is a novel technology that fractures intimal/medial calcium and increases vessel compliance allowing TF TAVI in selected patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). AIMS: The aim of this study was to report on the safety and efficacy of IVL-assisted TF TAVI in an all-comers population. METHODS: Clinical, imaging and procedural data on all consecutive patients treated by IVL-assisted TF TAVI in six high-volume European centres (2018-2020) were collected in this prospective, real-world, multicentre registry. RESULTS: IVL-assisted TF TAVI was performed in 108 patients, increasing from 2.4% to 6.5% of all TAVI from 2018 to 2020, respectively. The target lesion was most often localised at the common and/or external iliac artery (93.5% of cases; average TL-MLD 4.6±0.9 mm with 318 degrees of calcium arc). Transfemoral aortic valve delivery was successful in 100% of cases; final procedural success in 98.2% (two conversions to cardiac open surgery for annular rupture and valve migration). Complications of the IVL-treated segments consisted of 1 perforation and 3 major dissections requiring stent implantation (2 covered stents and 2 BMS). Access-site-related complication included 3 major bleedings. Three in-hospital deaths were recorded (2.8%, 1 failed surgical conversion after annular rupture, 1 cardiac arrest after initial valvuloplasty, 1 late hyperkalaemia in renal dysfunction). CONCLUSIONS: IVL-assisted TF TAVI proved to be a safe and effective approach, which helps to expand the indications for TF TAVI in patients with severe calcific PAD. However, these patients continue to have a higher-than-average incidence of periprocedural complications.

3.
J Clin Med ; 10(22)2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34830551

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Vitamin D counteracts the reduction in the peripheral conversion of tiroxine (T4) into triiodothyronine (T3), which is the mechanism of low T3 syndrome (LT3) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between LT3 and hypovitaminosis D in AMI patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-four AMI patients were enrolled. Blood samples were taken at admission, and at 3, 12, 24, 48, and 72 h after admission. LT3 was defined as a value of fT3 ≤ 2.2 pg/mL, occurring within 3 days of hospital admission. Levels were defined as follows: sufficiency as a value of ±30 ng/mL, vitamin D insufficiency as 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) between 21 and 29 ng/mL, deficiency in 25(OH)D as below 20 ng/mL, and severe deficiency as values under 10 ng/mL. The percentage of subjects with severe 25(OH)D deficiency was significantly higher in the LT3 group (33% vs. 13%, p < 0.01). When LT3S was evaluated as a dependent variable, severe 25(OH)D deficiency (OR 2.6: 95%CI 1-6.7, p < 0.05) remained as an independent determinant after logistic multivariate adjustment together with age (>69 yrs, 50th percentile; OR 3.4, 95% CI 1.3-8.3, p < 0.01), but not female gender (OR 1.7, 95% CI 0.7-4.2, p = ns). CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study shows a relationship between hypovitaminosis D and LT3 in AMI patients. This association opens potential therapeutic challenges concerning the restoration of euthyroidism through vitamin D administration, together with the normalization of hypovitaminosis.

4.
Front Physiol ; 12: 722912, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34603080

RESUMO

The role of thyroid hormones (THs) in the cardiovascular (CV) system, through several direct and indirect effects is recognized. Even very small modification in TH levels (as those observed in subclinical hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, and low triiodothyronine syndrome) may adversely affect the CV system, whereas thyroid hormones benefit the CV system and improve the prognosis. There is also evidence of vitamin D effects on cardiometabolic disease (e.g., through modulation of endothelial and smooth muscle cell activity, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, nitric oxide, oxidative stress, and inflammatory response), as well as an association between vitamin D [25(OH)D] deficiency and autoimmune thyroid diseases or cancer, and a relationship between vitamin D concentration and titers of antibodies and thyroid autoimmunity replacement. Interestingly, experimental data indicate a direct effect of vitamin D on Type 2 deiodinase expression causing subsequential peripheral conversion of T4 into T3. However, the functional links among THs, vitamin D and the cardiovascular system, and clinical effects of coexisting abnormalities in this new troublesome triad, have not yet been reviewed. The main aim of this review is to discuss pathophysiology of this relationship, proposing new mechanistic insights involving vitamin D in the modulation of cardiometabolic disease and thyroid profile.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34574770

RESUMO

A marked decline in myocardial infarction (AMI) hospitalizations was observed worldwide during the COVID-19 outbreak. The pandemic may have generated fear and adverse psychological consequences in these patients, delaying hospital access. The main objective of the study was to assess COVID fear through the FCV-19S questionnaire (a self-report measure of seven items) in 69 AMI patients (65 ± 11 years, mean ± SD; 59 males). Females presented higher values of each FCV-19S item than males. Older subjects (>57 years, 25th percentile) showed a higher total score with respect to those in the first quartile. The percentage of patients who responded "agree" and "strongly agree" in item 4 ("I am afraid of losing my life because of the coronavirus") and 3 ("My hands become clammy when I think about the coronavirus") was significantly greater in the elderly than in younger patients. When cardiovascular (CV) patients were compared to a previously published general Italian population, patients with CV disease exhibited higher values for items 3 and 4. Measures should be put in place to assist vulnerable and high CV risk patients, possibly adding psychologists to the cardiology team.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Infarto do Miocárdio , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Medo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Int J Cardiol Heart Vasc ; 35: 100848, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34381870

RESUMO

Background: Percutaneous LAAO represents an alternative for stroke prevention in patients not tolerating anticoagulation. While women are at higher risk of complications during percutaneous coronary or valvular interventions, the impact of gender on LAAO outcomes is not well characterized. The current study assessed potential gender-related differences in procedural and long-term outcomes following left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO). Methods: 1088 AF patients were enrolled in the prospective, multicenter, Amplatzer™ Amulet™ Observational Study and followed for 2 years with scheduled adverse event assessments. The prespecified primary outcome was ischemic stroke, systemic embolism or cardiovascular (CV) death at 2 years. We also compared the rate of procedural success, device-related thrombus (DRT) and major bleeding between genders. Results: 702 men and 386 women underwent LAAO. Implant successwas high, and similar between men and women (98.9 vs 99.5%, p = 0.58). Similarly, no difference was observed in the primary outcome (12.0 vs 12.5%, p = 0.82). Compared to the CHA2DS2-VASc predicted rate, we observed a numerically greater absolute risk reduction of ischemic stroke in women (from 7.6 to 2.1%/year) than men (from 6.2 to 2.2%/year). DRT through 2 years was similar between groups (1.6%, p = 0.96). We found no significant gender difference in terms of periprocedural or long-term (7.1 vs 7.6%/year) major bleeding. Conclusions: In this large group of patients undergoing LAAO using the Amplatzer™ Amulet™ device we found no significant gender difference in terms of procedural or long-term clinical outcomes. Similarly to oral anticoagulation, device-based LAA occlusion renders AF-related stroke risk similar in women and men. Clinical trial registration: Clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT02447081.https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02447081.

7.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0255721, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375347

RESUMO

AIMS: To evaluate factors influencing the length of stay in patients undergoing percutaneous left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO). METHODS AND RESULTS: Patient characteristics, procedural data and the occurrence of serious adverse events were analyzed from the AmplatzerTM AmuletTM Occluder Observational Study. Patients were divided into three groups: same day (S, 0day, n = 60, 5.6%) early (E, 1day, n = 526, 48.9%), regular (R, 2-3days, n = 338, 31.4%) and late (L, ≥4days, n = 152, 14.1%) discharge and followed up for 60 days. Procedure and device related SAE during the in-hospital stay (S: 0.0% vs. E: 1.0% vs. R: 2.1% vs. L: 23%, p<0.0001) were a major trigger for a prolonged in-hospital stay. Of the 37 subjects in the late discharge group with an SAE prior to discharge, cardiac or bleeding complications were the most common underlying conditions, occurring in 26 subjects. Multinomial logistic analysis only identified HAS-BLED score as an independent influencing factor (p = 0.04) for a late discharge. After 60 days, mortality tended to be greatest in the late discharge group (S: 0.0% vs. E: 1.0% vs. R: 1.2% vs. L: 3.3%, p = 0.1066). CONCLUSION: Over half of the subjects receiving an Amplatzer Amulet occluder were discharged within 1 day of the implant procedure. Serious adverse events were a major trigger for a late discharge after LAAO. Increased HAS-BLED score was associated with a prolonged in-hospital stay.


Assuntos
Apêndice Atrial/fisiopatologia , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Hemorragia/terapia , AVC Isquêmico/terapia , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Feminino , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas , Hemorragia/complicações , Hemorragia/fisiopatologia , Humanos , AVC Isquêmico/complicações , AVC Isquêmico/fisiopatologia , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Am J Cardiol ; 155: 86-95, 2021 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284861

RESUMO

Increased body mass index (BMI) is an established cardiovascular risk factor. The impact of high BMI on vascular and bleeding complications in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is not clarified. RISPEVA, a multicenter prospective database of patients undergoing TAVI stratified by BMI was used for this analysis. Patients were classified as normal or high BMI (obese and overweight) according to the World Health Organization criteria. A comparison of 30-day vascular and bleeding outcomes between groups was performed using propensity scores methods. A total of 3776 matched subjects for their baseline characteristics were included. Compared with normal BMI, high BMI patients had significantly 30-day greater risk of the composite of vascular or bleeding complications (11.1% vs 8.8%, OR: 1.28, 95% CI [1.02 to 1.61]; p = 0.03). Complications rates were higher in both obese (11.3%) and overweight (10.5%), as compared with normal weight patients (8.8%). By a landmark event analysis, the effect of high versus normal BMI on these complications appeared more pronounced within 7 days after the TAVI procedure. A significant linear association between increased BMI and vascular complications was observed at this time frame (p = 0.03). In conclusion, compared with normal BMI, both obese and overweight patients undergoing TAVI, experience increased rates of 30-day vascular and bleeding complications. These findings indicate that high BMI is an independent risk predictor of vascular and bleeding complications after TAVI.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco/métodos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Doenças Vasculares/etiologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Doenças Vasculares/epidemiologia
10.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 98(4): 815-825, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34086394

RESUMO

Transcatheter left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) is an increasingly used alternative to oral anticoagulation in selected patients with atrial fibrillation. Intraprocedural imaging is a crucial for a successful intervention, with transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) as the current gold standard. Since some important limitations may affect TEE use, intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) is increasingly used as an alternative to TEE for guiding LAAO. The lack of a standardized imaging protocol has slowed the adoption of ICE into clinical practice. On the basis of current research and expert consensus, this paper provides a protocol for ICE support of left atrial appendage occlusion.


Assuntos
Apêndice Atrial , Fibrilação Atrial , Apêndice Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Consenso , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(11): 1196-1206, 2021 06 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34112454

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: No standardized algorithm exists to identify patients at risk of bleeding after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). The aim of this study was to generate and validate a useful predictive model. BACKGROUND: Bleeding events after TAVR influence prognosis and quality of life and may be preventable. METHODS: Using machine learning and multivariate regression, more than 100 clinical variables from 5,185 consecutive patients undergoing TAVR in the prospective multicenter RISPEVA (Registro Italiano GISE sull'Impianto di Valvola Aortica Percutanea; NCT02713932) registry were analyzed in relation to Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 bleeding episodes at 1 month. The model's performance was externally validated in 5,043 TAVR patients from the prospective multicenter POL-TAVI (Polish Registry of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation) database. RESULTS: Derivation analyses generated a 6-item score (PREDICT-TAVR) comprising blood hemoglobin and serum iron concentrations, oral anticoagulation and dual antiplatelet therapy, common femoral artery diameter, and creatinine clearance. The 30-day area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC) was 0.80 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.75-0.83). Internal validation by optimism bootstrap-corrected AUC was 0.79 (95% CI: 0.75-0.83). Score quartiles were in graded relation to 30-day events (0.8%, 1.1%, 2.5%, and 8.5%; overall p <0.001). External validation produced a 30-day AUC of 0.78 (95% CI: 0.72-0.82). A simple nomogram and a web-based calculator were developed to predict individual patient probabilities. Landmark cumulative event analysis showed greatest bleeding risk differences for top versus lower score quartiles in the first 30 days, when most events occurred. Predictivity was maintained when omitting serum iron values. CONCLUSIONS: PREDICT-TAVR is a practical, validated, 6-item tool to identify patients at risk of bleeding post-TAVR that can assist in decision making and event prevention.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Int J Cardiol ; 337: 29-37, 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34029618

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Refractory angina (RA) is considered the end-stage of coronary artery disease, and often has no interventional treatment options. Coronary sinus Reducer (CSR) is a recent addition to the therapeutic arsenal, but its efficacy has only been evaluated on small populations. The RESOURCE registry provides further insights into this therapy. METHODS: The RESOURCE is an observational, retrospective registry that includes 658 patients with RA from 20 centers in Europe, United Kingdom and Israel. Prespecified endpoints were the amelioration of anginal symptoms evaluated with the Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) score, the rates of procedural success and complications, and MACEs as composite of all-cause mortality, acute coronary syndromes, and stroke. RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 502 days (IQR 225-1091) after CSR implantation, 39.7% of patients improved by ≥2 CCS classes (primary endpoint), and 76% by ≥1 class. Procedural success was achieved in 96.7% of attempts, with 3% of procedures aborted mostly for unsuitable coronary sinus anatomy. Any complication occurred in 5.7% of procedures, but never required bailout surgery nor resulted in intra- or periprocedural death or myocardial infarction. One patient developed periprocedural stroke after inadvertent carotid artery puncture. At the last available follow-up, overall mortality and MACE were 10.4% and 14.6% respectively. At one, three and five years, mortality rate at Kaplan-Meier analysis was 4%, 13.7%, and 23.4% respectively. CONCLUSIONS: CSR implantation is safe and reduces angina in patients with refractory angina.


Assuntos
Seio Coronário , Canadá , Seio Coronário/diagnóstico por imagem , Seio Coronário/cirurgia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Humanos , Israel , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
14.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 33(5): E320-E329, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33739300

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The management of severe aortic stenosis has been revolutionized by the introduction of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), especially in patients at intermediate, high, or prohibitive surgical risk. There is uncertainty, however, regarding the comparative effectiveness and safety of contemporary TAVI devices. METHODS: We queried detailed data from the ongoing national Italian TAVI registry and compared baseline features, procedural details, and 12-month outcomes of Acurate Neo (Boston Scientific), Evolut Pro/R (Medtronic), Lotus (Boston Scientific), Portico (Abbott Vascular), and Sapien/ Sapien S3 Ultra (Edward Lifesciences) transcatheter aortic valves. Several endpoints were collected and appraised, including the composite of death, stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), major bleeding, major vascular complication, surgical aortic valve replacement and transcatheter aortic valve reimplantation, which were deemed major adverse events (MAEs). RESULTS: A total of 1976 patients were included, with 234 treated with Acurate, 703 with Evolut, 151 with Lotus, 347 with Portico, and 541 with Sapien. Twelve-month events were not significantly different among the 5 devices, including death (P=.29) and MAE (P=.21), with the notable exception of major vascular complications, which were more common with Acurate and Sapien (P<.001) and permanent pacemaker implantation, which was more frequent with Lotus and Evolut (P<.001). Differences in MAE were more pronounced in women and subjects with prior cardiac surgery, with the lowest event rates in the Evolut group. Propensity-score adjusted analysis suggested that Acurate, Evolut, Portico, and Sapien were all associated with similarly favorable results, whereas adverse events were more evident with Lotus (P<.05). CONCLUSION: Leading current-generation TAVI devices offer similarly favorable results at mid-term follow-up.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Infarto do Miocárdio , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Feminino , Coração , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Pontuação de Propensão , Desenho de Prótese , Sistema de Registros , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
BMJ Open ; 11(3): e040455, 2021 03 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33762228

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) using conscious sedation (CS). BACKGROUND: Several percutaneous structural heart disease interventions are safely and efficiently performed using CS instead of general anaesthesia (GA). This concept has not been evaluated in a large multicenter cohort of patients undergoing LAAO. METHODS: Patients from the prospective, global Amplatzer Amulet Occluder Observational Study were divided into two groups (GA vs CS). Baseline information, periprocedural and postprocedural efficacy and complications, as well as outcomes through 7 days post implant were compared. RESULTS: Patients undergoing transesophageal-guided implants were categorised by GA (n=607, 64%) or CS (n=342, 36%) usage. Mean age was 75 years in both groups. LAAO technical success was achieved in 99% of both groups. The procedure duration (GA: 35±22 min vs CS: 27±19 min, p<0.001), total amount of contrast medium (GA: 105±81 mL vs CS: 86±66 mL, p<0.001) and fluoroscopic time (GA: 13±9 min vs CS: 12±13 min, p<0.001) were less in CS cases. Procedure-related or device-related serious adverse events during the first 7 days were numerically higher in the CS group (GA: 4.9% vs CS: 7.6%, p=0.114). Peridevice residual flow was absent or ≤5 mm 1-3 months after the procedure in 99.7% of the GA and in 100% of the CS group (p=1.000). CONCLUSIONS: In a large global study, LAAO with the Amplatzer Amulet occluder is safe and feasible using CS. Procedure duration and total amount of contrast were less with CS than GA cases. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02447081; Results.


Assuntos
Apêndice Atrial , Fibrilação Atrial , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Idoso , Anestesia Geral , Apêndice Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Apêndice Atrial/cirurgia , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Sedação Consciente , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 110(7): 1083-1095, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33710385

RESUMO

AIMS: To evaluate the impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on 10-year all-cause death and the treatment effect of CABG versus PCI on 10-year all-cause death in patients with three-vessel disease (3VD) and/or left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD) and COPD. METHODS: Patients were stratified according to COPD status and compared with regard to clinical outcomes. Ten-year all-cause death was examined according to the presence of COPD and the revascularization strategy. RESULTS: COPD status was available for all randomized 1800 patients, of whom, 154 had COPD (8.6%) at the time of randomization. Regardless of the revascularization strategy, patients with COPD had a higher risk of 10-year all-cause death, compared with those without COPD (43.1% vs. 24.9%; hazard ratio [HR]: 2.03; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.56-2.64; p < 0.001). Among patients with COPD, CABG appeared to have a slightly lower risk of 10-year all-cause death compared with PCI (42.3% vs. 43.9%; HR: 0.96; 95% CI: 0.59-1.56, p = 0.858), whereas among those without COPD, CABG had a significantly lower risk of 10-year all-cause death (22.7% vs. 27.1%; HR: 0.81; 95% CI: 0.67-0.99, p = 0.041). There was no significant differential treatment effect of CABG versus PCI on 10-year all-cause death between patients with and without COPD (p interaction = 0.544). CONCLUSIONS: COPD was associated with a higher risk of 10-year all-cause death after revascularization for complex coronary artery disease. The presence of COPD did not significantly modify the beneficial effect of CABG versus PCI on 10-year all-cause death. TRIAL REGISTRATION: SYNTAX: ClinicalTrials.gov reference: NCT00114972. SYNTAX Extended Survival: ClinicalTrials.gov reference: NCT03417050.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/mortalidade , Idoso , Causas de Morte/tendências , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Stents Farmacológicos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo
17.
Minerva Med ; 112(4): 474-482, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33576201

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has become first-line treatment for severe aortic valve stenosis in patients with moderate, high or prohibitive surgical risk. However, access site complications may occur more frequently in extreme body mass index (BMI) categories. The aim of this study was to describe the features and outcomes of patients undergoing TAVI in a comprehensive Italian prospective clinical registry, focusing on BMI classes. METHODS: A national prospective database was queried for baseline, procedural, and outcome details of patients undergoing TAVI according to established BMI categories: underweight (BMI <18.5 kg/m2), normal weight (BMI 18.5-24.9 kg/m2), overweight (BMI 25.0-29.9 kg/m2), and obese (BMI≥30 kg/m2). Short- and long-term outcomes, including major adverse events (MAE), i.e. the composite of death, stroke, myocardial infarction, major vascular complication, major bleeding, or renal failure, were appraised with bivariate and multivariable analyses. RESULTS: A total of 3075 subjects were included, 64 (2.1%) were underweight, 1319 (42.9%) were normal weight, 1152 (37.4%) were overweight, and 540 (17.6%) were obese. Several baseline differences were evident, including gender, diabetes mellitus, renal function, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, surgical scores, and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (all P<0.05). Several procedural differences were also evident, including percutaneous approach, predilation, prosthesis type and size (all P<0.05), with postprocedural aortic regurgitation >2+ significantly more common in underweight patients (P<0.05). Nonetheless, unadjusted analysis for one-month outcomes showed similar rates for fatal and non-fatal outcomes, including MAE (all P>0.05), with the notable exception of permanent pacemaker implantation, which was more common in higher BMI classes (P=0.010) Unadjusted analysis for long-term events showed an increased rate of death in underweight patients (P=0.024). Multivariable adjusted analysis confirmed the increased risk of permanent pacemaker implantation in obese patients (P=0.015 when comparing obese vs. normal weight subjects), but disproved differences in long-term mortality and other outcomes (P>0.05 for all comparisons). CONCLUSIONS: Irrespective of BMI class, TAVI is associated with favorable outcomes in surgical high-risk risk patients, with the notable exclusion of permanent pacemaker implantation, which is significantly more common in obese subjects.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Análise de Variância , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/etiologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/complicações , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Insuficiência Renal/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Magreza/complicações , Magreza/epidemiologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento , Doenças Vasculares/epidemiologia
18.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(1): 83-93, 2021 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33413869

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate cardiac computed tomography (CT) and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) peridevice leak (PDL) assessments, and the clinical relevance of PDL. BACKGROUND: PDL assessment is integral during follow-up after left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion. Comparative studies of TEE and cardiac CT are sparse, and the clinical relevance of PDL is uncertain. METHODS: This was a single-center observational study of consecutive patients undergoing LAA occlusion with Amplatzer devices (Amplatzer Cardiac Plug/Amulet) between 2010 and 2018 (N = 415). Patients with both 8-week CT and TEE were included for analysis (n = 346). Images were analyzed by blinded investigators (K.K. and A.S.). PDL on cardiac CT was classified from grade 1 to 3, based on PDL at the device disc, device lobe, and LAA contrast patency. Primary clinical outcome was a composite of ischemic stroke, transient ischemic attack, systemic embolism, or all-cause death. RESULTS: PDL was present in 110 patients (32%) by TEE, with 29 (8%) >3 mm. By cardiac CT, 210 patients (61%) had PDL at the disc, with contrast patency in 204 patients (59%). A grade 3 PDL (gap at disc, lobe, and LAA contrast patency) was present in 63 patients (18%). Bland-Altman analysis showed poor agreement between CT and TEE for leak sizing. CT and TEE detected PDL was not significantly associated with worse outcome, hazard ratio: 1.82 (95 % confidence interval: 0.95 to 3.50); p = 0.07 and hazard ratio: 1.43 (95% confidence interval: 0.74 to 2.76); p = 0.28, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: PDL occurrence is substantially higher with CT compared with TEE, with a large discrepancy between modalities in leak quantification. A novel CT-based classification is proposed, yet PDL was not associated with worse clinical outcome.


Assuntos
Apêndice Atrial , Fibrilação Atrial , Apêndice Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Humanos , Tomografia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
EuroIntervention ; 17(5): e367-e375, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33506796

RESUMO

Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is implicated in the pathogenesis of a number of medical conditions but to date only one official position paper related to left circulation thromboembolism has been published. This interdisciplinary paper, prepared with the involvement of eight European scientific societies, reviews the available evidence and proposes a rationale for decision making for other PFO-related clinical conditions. In order to guarantee a strict evidence-based process, we used a modified grading of recommendations, assessment, development, and evaluation (GRADE) methodology. A critical qualitative and quantitative evaluation of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures was performed, including assessment of the risk/benefit ratio. The level of evidence and the strength of the position statements were weighed and graded according to predefined scales. Despite being based on limited and observational or low-certainty randomised data, a number of position statements were made to frame PFO management in different clinical settings, along with suggestions for new research avenues. This interdisciplinary position paper, recognising the low or very low certainty of existing evidence, provides the first approach to several PFO-related clinical scenarios beyond left circulation thromboembolism and strongly stresses the need for fresh high-quality evidence on these topics.


Assuntos
Doença da Descompressão , Forame Oval Patente , Transtornos de Enxaqueca , Doença da Descompressão/diagnóstico , Doença da Descompressão/epidemiologia , Doença da Descompressão/terapia , Forame Oval Patente/diagnóstico , Forame Oval Patente/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Medição de Risco , Síndrome
20.
Eur Heart J ; 42(16): 1545-1553, 2021 04 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33507260

RESUMO

Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is implicated in the pathogenesis of a number of medical conditions but to date only one official position paper related to left circulation thromboembolism has been published. This interdisciplinary paper, prepared with the involvement of eight European scientific societies, reviews the available evidence and proposes a rationale for decision making for other PFO-related clinical conditions. In order to guarantee a strict evidence-based process, we used a modified grading of recommendations, assessment, development, and evaluation (GRADE) methodology. A critical qualitative and quantitative evaluation of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures was performed, including assessment of the risk/benefit ratio. The level of evidence and the strength of the position statements were weighed and graded according to predefined scales. Despite being based on limited and observational or low-certainty randomised data, a number of position statements were made to frame PFO management in different clinical settings, along with suggestions for new research avenues. This interdisciplinary position paper, recognising the low or very low certainty of existing evidence, provides the first approach to several PFO-related clinical scenarios beyond left circulation thromboembolism and strongly stresses the need for fresh high-quality evidence on these topics.


Assuntos
Doença da Descompressão , Forame Oval Patente , Transtornos de Enxaqueca , Tromboembolia , Doença da Descompressão/terapia , Forame Oval Patente/complicações , Forame Oval Patente/terapia , Humanos , Síndrome , Tromboembolia/etiologia , Tromboembolia/prevenção & controle
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