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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33216016

RESUMO

Sickle cell anemia (SCA) is a disease characterized by abnormal red blood cell rheology. Because of their effects on HbS polymerization and red blood cell deformability, alpha-thalassemia and the residual HbF level are known genetic modifiers of the disease. The aim of our study was to determine if the number of HbF quantitative trait loci (QTL) would also favor a specific sub-phenotype of SCA as it is the case for alpha-thalassemia. Our results confirmed that alpha-thalassemia protected from cerebral vasculopathy but increased the risk for frequent painful vaso-occlusive crises. We also showed that more HbF-QTL may provide an additional and specific protection against cerebral vasculopathy but only for children with alpha-thalassemia (-α/αα or -α/-α genotypes).

2.
Cancer Epidemiol ; 68: 101797, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882568

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed the relation between maternal prenatal pesticides use and childhood lymphoma risk, some reporting a positive association with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). We investigated the association between maternal exposure to pesticides during pregnancy and childhood Hodgkin (HL) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. METHODS: We pooled data from the two French national population-based case-control studies ESCALE (2003-2004) and ESTELLE (2010-2011). Data on domestic and occupational exposures to pesticides during pregnancy were obtained through standardised maternal interviews. Logistic regression models were used to compute odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for HL and NHL, by pesticide category adjusted for potential confounders. Analyses by histological subtypes were also performed. RESULTS: We included 328 H L, 305 non-Hodgkin NHL and 2,415 controls. Around 40% of control mothers reported having used pesticides during index pregnancy, of whom 95% reported insecticides use. Maternal use of herbicides and fungicides occurred mostly in combination with insecticides. Insecticides use was more frequently reported in cases than controls (ORNHL = 1.6 [95%CI 1.3-2.1], p = 0.0001; ORHL = 1.3 [95%CI 1.0-1.7], p = 0.03). This association appeared more marked for Burkitt lymphoma and mixed cellularity classical HL. No obvious association was observed with occupational pesticides exposure during pregnancy. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that maternal domestic use of insecticides during pregnancy might be related to both childhood NHL and HL. Further larger studies are urgently needed.

3.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; : e28419, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32798263

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Our objectives were to assess the quality of life (QoL) of parents of childhood leukemia survivors compared with population norms and to identify the determinants of parents' long-term QoL. METHODS: Parents of minors who had survived childhood leukemia participating in the French LEA cohort (Leucémie de l'Enfant et de l'Adolescent-French Childhood Cancer Survivor Study for Leukemia) were asked to complete the French version of the WHOQOL-BREF. Results were compared with age- and sex-matched values from a French reference population. Parents' and survivors' characteristics likely to be associated with QoL, long after the child's leukemia diagnosis, were explored using multivariate analysis. RESULTS: We included 487 parents (mean age 42.9 ± 6.0 years, mean follow-up time from diagnosis 7.3 ± 3.3 years). Compared with the reference population, scores for physical health and social relationships for parents of childhood leukemia survivors were significantly lower (P < 0.001, effect size = 0.24 and P < 0.001, effect size = 0.29, respectively) contrary to scores for psychological health which were significantly higher (P < 0.001, effect size = 0.29). Even if health- and cancer-related characteristics were associated with parents' QoL in some dimensions, the only factor associated with each of the three dimensions (social relationships, physical health, and psychological) in the multivariate analysis was the parent's financial situation. CONCLUSIONS: Long after leukemia diagnosis, the parents reported lower scores in the physical health and social relationship domains. Despite the difficulties of actually influencing socioeconomic characteristics, it is important to consider the social situation of each family in the long-term care of survivors and their families.

4.
Blood Adv ; 4(15): 3621-3625, 2020 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32766852

RESUMO

To identify the factors influencing outcome in childhood mature B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma and acute leukemia (B-NHL/AL) with central nervous system (CNS) disease (CNS+), we analyzed patients <18 years with newly diagnosed B-NHL/AL registered in 3 Lymphomes Malins B studies in France between 1989 to 2011. CNS+ was diagnosed on fulfillment of ≥1 of the following criteria: any L3 cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) blasts (CSF+), cranial nerve palsy, isolated intracerebral mass but also clinical spinal cord compression, and cranial or spinal parameningeal extension. Two hundred seventeen out of 1690 patients (12.8%) were CNS+. CNS+ was significantly associated with male gender, head/neck locations, Burkitt histology, high initial lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level, and bone marrow involvement. CSF+ was the most frequent pattern of CNS+ (45%). For the 217 CNS+ patients, the 5-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival rates (95% confidence interval) were 81.5% (75.8% to 86.1%) and 83.9% (78.4% to 88.2%), respectively. In multivariate analysis, among CNS+ patients, low EFS was associated with CSF+, high initial LDH level, and poor response to cyclophosphamide, oncovin (vincristine), prednisone prephase. These findings have been considered for patient's stratification in the international randomized phase 3 trial Inter-B-NHL-ritux 2010 for children and adolescents with high-risk B-NHL/AL with CNS+ CSF+ patients only receiving intensified chemotherapy.

5.
Hematol Oncol ; 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32809224

RESUMO

Over the years, the prognosis of adolescents treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has improved. However, this age group still represents a challenge with an overall survival (OS) of 60% compared to 85% in younger children. Herein, we report the outcome of adolescents treated in the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) 58951 clinical trial. EORTC 58951 clinical trial included patients with de novo ALL between 1998 and 2008. For this study, we analyzed data of all adolescents between 15 and under 18. Data from 97 adolescents were analyzed, 70 had B-lineage and 27 had T-lineage ALL. The 8-year event-free survival (EFS) and OS for the B-cell precursor ALL cases were 72.3% (59.4%-81.7%) and 80.8% (67.4%-89.1%), respectively. For the T-lineage, the 8-year EFS and OS were 57.4% (36.1%-74.0%) and 59.0% (36.1%-76.2%), respectively. "B-other" ALL, defined as BCP-ALL lacking any known recurrent genetic abnormalities were more frequent in our adolescent population (52.8%) than in younger children (27.1%). Outcome of adolescents in the EORTC 58951 study is supporting the findings that adolescents have better outcome in pediatric compared to adults' trials. Nevertheless, in pediatric studies, adolescents still have a worse prognosis than younger children. Despite the fact that specific unfavorable characteristics may be linked to the adolescent population, a careful study and characterization of adolescents "B-other" genetic abnormalities in ALL is critical to improve the outcome of this population.

6.
J Adv Nurs ; 76(9): 2391-2400, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32692432

RESUMO

AIMS: To provide an understanding of medical care adherence factors as reported by caregivers, adolescent, and adult patients with sickle cell disease and to analyse those concerns to identify barriers and facilitators about medical care adherence. Three topics influenced medical care adherence: the disease itself, therapeutics, and the healthcare system. This study will focus on the first topic. DESIGN: Qualitative explorative study, using semi-structured and life-experience interviews and manual inductive content analysis. METHODS: From December 2016 - March 2017, one semi-structured interview was conducted by a researcher with each of the 15 adolescent patients, 10 adult patients, and 19 caregivers in a French public hospital. Interviews were audio-taped and transcribed before a content analysis. Perceptions were classified into barriers and facilitators of medical care adherence. RESULTS: This article presents disease perceptions of caregivers and patients (adolescents and adults): daily management and social representations. These perceptions differ among parents, adolescent patients, and adult patients. However, all report important disease-related "limitations" in their lives. The objective for adults (parents and patients) is to "live with the disease" and to achieve this, they find coping resources. Two major resources expressed by adults emerged: social resources (support from friends, patients' association, and social visibility) and disease knowledge (theoretical and derived from experience). This is not the case of adolescents for whom social normality was the main concern. CONCLUSION: Care management adherence is partly based on coping with the disease. Given the lower number of facilitators expressed by adolescents, it is essential to propose interventions in this population. It will help them cope with the disease and, consequently, optimize care management adherence. IMPACT: Showing differences among caregivers, adult, and adolescent patient perceptions, this study impact future care practices. It revealed needs of intervention for adolescents.

7.
Eur J Cancer ; 136: 107-112, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32668374

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ponatinib is effective in adults with Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) leukaemias, but scant data are available regarding the use of this tyrosine kinase inhibitor in children. AIMS: The aim of this study isto describe the tolerance and efficacy of compassionate use of ponatinib in a paediatric cohort of patients with Ph+ leukaemias. METHODS: Data from 11 children with chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) registered to the international registry of childhood chronic myeloid leukaemia and from 3 children with Ph+ acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (Ph+ ALL) treated with ponatinib were collected retrospectively. RESULTS: In 11 girls and 3 boys (median age 14 years), ponatinib was used as a second- to eighth-line treatment. Ponatinib was administered as single therapy (9 patients) or in combination with chemotherapy (8 patients). The status of the disease when ponatinib was started was as follows: CML in advanced phases (n = 8), CML in chronic phase without achievement of molecular response (n = 2) or presence of T315I mutation (n = 1) and Ph + ALL in molecular (n = 1) or marrow (n = 2) relapses. The median dose administered was 21.4 mg/m2 and median duration of ponatinib was 2.5 months. Ponatinib alone or in combination with chemotherapy administered on 16 occasions led to achievement of major molecular response in 50% of cases. Ponatinib was used as a bridge to transplant in 4 cases. Among the 9 patients treated with ponatinib alone, toxicity grade III-IV (2 patients) was exclusively haematologic. No vascular events related to ponatinib were observed. CONCLUSION: Ponatinib may be a reasonable additional treatment option for children with Ph+ leukaemias who have failed several lines of therapy.

9.
Eur J Clin Pharmacol ; 76(10): 1409-1416, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32533216

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Managing the pharmacokinetic variability of immunosuppressive drugs after pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a clinical challenge. Thus, the aim of our study was to design and validate a decision support tool predicting the best first cyclosporine oral dose to give when switching from intravenous route. METHODS: We used 10-years pediatric HSCT patients' dataset from 2008 to 2018. A tree-augmented naïve Bayesian network model (method belonging to artificial intelligence) was built with data from the first eight-years, and validated with data from the last two. RESULTS: The Bayesian network model obtained showed good prediction performances, both after a 10-fold cross-validation and external validation, with respectively an AUC-ROC of 0.89 and 0.86, a percentage of misclassified patients of 28.7% and 35.2%, a true positive rate of 0.71 and 0.65, and a false positive rate of 0.12 and 0.14 respectively. CONCLUSION: The final model allows the prediction of the most likely cyclosporine oral dose to reach the therapeutic target specified by the clinician. The clinical impact of using this model needs to be prospectively warranted. Respecting the decision support tool terms of use is necessary as well as remaining critical about the prediction by confronting it with the clinical context.

10.
Bull Cancer ; 107(6): 629-632, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-155023

RESUMO

Since the emergence of the SARS-CoV-2 infection, many recommendations have been made. However, the very nature of acute lymphoblastic leukemias and their treatment in children and adolescents led the Leukemia Committee of the French Society for the fight against cancers and leukemias in children and adolescents (SFCE) to propose more specific recommendations, even if data for this population are still scarce. They may have to evolve according to the rapid evolution of knowledge on COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacocinética , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/farmacocinética , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Criança , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Terapia Combinada , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Gerenciamento Clínico , Síndrome de Down/epidemiologia , Interações Medicamentosas , Neutropenia Febril/induzido quimicamente , Neutropenia Febril/tratamento farmacológico , Neutropenia Febril/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Masculino , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão , Risco , Medição de Risco , Terapia de Salvação , Avaliação de Sintomas
11.
Bull Cancer ; 107(6): 629-632, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32387061

RESUMO

Since the emergence of the SARS-CoV-2 infection, many recommendations have been made. However, the very nature of acute lymphoblastic leukemias and their treatment in children and adolescents led the Leukemia Committee of the French Society for the fight against cancers and leukemias in children and adolescents (SFCE) to propose more specific recommendations, even if data for this population are still scarce. They may have to evolve according to the rapid evolution of knowledge on COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacocinética , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/farmacocinética , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Criança , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Terapia Combinada , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Gerenciamento Clínico , Síndrome de Down/epidemiologia , Interações Medicamentosas , Neutropenia Febril/induzido quimicamente , Neutropenia Febril/tratamento farmacológico , Neutropenia Febril/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Masculino , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão , Risco , Medição de Risco , Terapia de Salvação , Avaliação de Sintomas
12.
Am J Hematol ; 95(7): 809-816, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32267023

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is curative for bone marrow failure in patients with Fanconi anemia (FA), but the presence of a malignant transformation is associated with a poor prognosis and the management of these patients is still challenging. We analyzed outcome of 74 FA patients with a diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome (n = 35), acute leukemia (n = 35) or with cytogenetic abnormalities (n = 4), who underwent allo-HSCT from 1999 to 2016 in EBMT network. Type of diagnosis, pre-HSCT cytoreductive therapies and related toxicities, disease status pre-HSCT, donor type, and conditioning regimen were considered as main variables potentially influencing outcome. The 5-year OS and EFS were 42% (30-53%) and 39% (27-51%), respectively. Patients transplanted in CR showed better OS compared with those transplanted in presence of an active malignant disease (OS:71%[48-95] vs 37% [24-50],P = .04), while none of the other variables considered had an impact. Twenty-two patients received pre-HSCT cytoreduction and 9/22 showed a grade 3-4 toxicity, without any lethal event or negative influence on survival after HSCT(OS:toxicity pre-HSCT 48% [20-75%] vs no-toxicity 51% [25-78%],P = .98). The cumulative incidence of day-100 grade II-IV a-GvHD and of 5-year c-GvHD were 38% (26-50%) and 40% (28-52%). Non-relapse-related mortality and incidence of relapse at 5-years were 40% (29-52%) and 21% (11-30%) respectively, without any significant impact of the tested variables. Causes of death were transplant-related events in most patients (34 out of the 42 deaths, 81%). This analysis confirms the poor outcome of transformed FA patients and identifies the importance of achieving CR pre-HSCT, suggesting that, in a newly diagnosed transformed FA patient, a cytoreductive approach pre-HSCT should be considered if a donor have been secured.


Assuntos
Anemia de Fanconi , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Doença Aguda , Aloenxertos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Anemia de Fanconi/complicações , Anemia de Fanconi/mortalidade , Anemia de Fanconi/terapia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Leucemia/etiologia , Leucemia/mortalidade , Leucemia/terapia , Masculino , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/etiologia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
13.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 67(6): e28305, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32307866

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a rare disease in children, with only 50% to 60% event-free survival. Among patients with AML, 10% do not respond to first-line chemotherapy. There is no recommendation concerning second-line treatments. Gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO) is a monoclonal antibody targeting CD33, linked to calicheamicin. We report the efficacy and tolerance of a salvage regimen of fludarabin, cytarabine, and GO (FLA-GO) in patients refractory to first-line treatment. METHODS: Eight patients (median age 14.5 years), who had more than 2% minimal residual disease (MRD) by flow cytometry (MRD flow), received gemtuzumab 3 mg/m² on days 1, 4, 7, associated with cytarabine 2000 mg/m² and fludarabin 30 mg/m² on days 1 to 5. RESULTS: Six patients achieved complete remission (CR) (blast count morphology ≤5 × 10-2 , CR-MRD flow <1 × 10-3 for four patients). Five patients received a second course. We observed 11 episodes of febrile neutropenia, including 6 septicemias without complication. There was no fungal infection or toxic death. Two patients received granulocyte colony stimulating factor. One patient had partial platelet recovery; one, prolonged pancytopenia. All patients received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We observed five mild-to-severe sinusoidal obstruction syndromes during HSCT procedures, particularly in patients who did not receive defibrotide prophylaxis. At the date of last contact (median follow-up: 58 months; range: 22-78), six patients were in continuous CR with negative MRD. Two patients died of post-HSCT relapse. CONCLUSION: FLA-GO is a good salvage regimen for pediatric refractory AML, with significant but acceptable toxicity. HSCT is mandatory to achieve sustained CR in these patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Terapia de Salvação , Adolescente , Criança , Terapia Combinada , Citarabina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Gemtuzumab/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Vidarabina/administração & dosagem , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados
14.
Blood Adv ; 4(8): 1760-1769, 2020 04 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32343795

RESUMO

Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a congenital pure red cell aplasia associated with congenital abnormalities and cancer predisposition. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) can correct the hematological phenotype and is indicated in transfusion-dependent patients. In 70 children reported to the German DBA and French HSCT registries, HSCT was performed from 1985 to 2017. Median age at HSCT was 5.5 years (range, 0.9-17.3 years). Two-thirds of patients (64%) were transplanted from a matched sibling donor (MSD), and most procedures were performed after the year 1999 (73%). Primary engraftment was achieved in all patients. One patient developed secondary graft failure. Cumulative incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was 24% for °II-IV (95% confidence interval [CI], 16% to 37%) and 7% for °III-IV (95% CI, 3% to 17%); cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD was 11% (95% CI, 5% to 22%). The probability of chronic GVHD-free survival (cGFS) was 87% (95% CI, 79% to 95%) and significantly improved over time (<2000: 68% [95% CI, 47% to 89%] vs ≥2000: 94% [95% CI, 87% to 100%], P < .01). cGFS was comparable following HSCT from a MSD and an unrelated donor (UD). Of note, no severe chronic GVHD or deaths were reported following MSD-HSCT after 1999. The difference of cGFS in children transplanted <10 years of age compared with older patients did not reach statistical significance (<10 years: 90% [95% CI, 81% to 99%] vs 10-18 years 78% [95% CI, 58% to 98%]). In summary, these data indicate that HSCT is efficient and safe in young DBA patients and should be considered if a MSD or matched UD is available. HSCT for transfusion dependency only must be critically discussed in older patients.

15.
Eur J Clin Nutr ; 74(8): 1247-1249, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32313189

RESUMO

We report the case of a 14-year-old boy with a completely normal medical and social background (good student and handball practice). A dentist monthly followed this patient for an orthodontic treatment. Facing with symptoms associating purpura, pancytopenia, and limbs pain, the first diagnosis that came to mind to emergency pediatricians was acute leukemia and the patient was addressed to a hematology department. However, additional psychiatry investigations revealed an avoiding restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) associated with serious vitamin deficiencies (Vitamins B9 and D) and responsible for scurvy, mimicking acute leukemia onset. Strikingly, this young patient has been undergoing a close medical follow-up since infancy because of a selective diet. Since growth, education, and development were normal, the risk of pursuing this unbalanced diet has been neglected and this child was admitted at diagnosis in a life-threatening condition.

16.
Clin Pharmacokinet ; 59(8): 1049-1061, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32157629

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Busulfan therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is necessary to better achieve the target exposure in children before hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). However, TDM-based dosing may be challenging if intra-individual pharmacokinetic variability (also denoted inter-occasion variability [IOV]) occurs during therapy. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to describe and quantify busulfan IOV in children, and to investigate its potential determinants. METHODS: We performed a new analysis of published data from children who received intravenous busulfan over 4 days before HSCT. We calculated individual pharmacokinetic parameters on each day of therapy using a published population pharmacokinetic model of busulfan and analyzed their changes. Population estimation of IOV was also performed with non-linear mixed effects (NLME) modeling. Potential predictors of significant decrease in busulfan clearance (CL) were assessed by using machine learning approaches. RESULTS: IOV could be assessed in 136 children. Between day (D) 1 and D2, most patients (80%) experienced a decrease in busulfan CL, with a median change of - 7.9%. However, both large decreases (minimum, - 48.5%) and increases in CL (maximum, + 44%) were observed. Over D1-D3 of therapy, mean CL significantly decreased (- 15%), with a decrease of ≥ 20% in 22% of patients. Some patients also showed unstable CL from day to day. NLME modeling of IOV provided a coefficient of variation of 10.6% and 13.1% for volume of distribution (Vd) and CL, respectively. Some determinants of significant decreases in busulfan CL were identified, but predictive performance of the models was limited. CONCLUSIONS: Significant busulfan intra-individual variability may occur in children who receive a HSCT and is hardly predictable. The main risk is busulfan overexposure. Performing TDM repeatedly over therapy appears to be the best way to accurately estimate busulfan exposure and perform precision dosing.

17.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 55(8): 1540-1551, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32203263

RESUMO

Although most children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) receive fractionated total body irradiation (FTBI) as myeloablative conditioning (MAC) for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), it is an important matter of debate if chemotherapy can effectively replace FTBI. To compare outcomes after FTBI versus chemotherapy-based conditioning (CC), we performed a retrospective EBMT registry study. Children aged 2-18 years after MAC for first allo-HSCT of bone marrow (BM) or peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) from matched-related (MRD) or unrelated donors (UD) in first (CR1) or second remission (CR2) between 2000 and 2012 were included. Propensity score weighting was used to control pretreatment imbalances of the observed variables. 3.054 patients were analyzed. CR1 (1.498): median follow-up (FU) after FTBI (1.285) and CC (213) was 6.8 and 6.1 years. Survivals were not significantly different. CR2 (1.556): median FU after FTBI (1.345) and CC (211) was 6.2 years. Outcomes after FTBI were superior as compared with CC with regard to overall survival (OS), leukemia-free survival (LFS), relapse incidence (RI), and nonrelapse mortality (NRM). However, we must emphasize the preliminary character of the results of this retrospective "real-world-practice" study. These findings will be prospectively assessed in the ALL SCTped 2012 FORUM trial.

18.
Br J Haematol ; 189(5): 931-942, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32130726

RESUMO

Childhood chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura (cITP) is a rare disease. In severe cases, there is no evidence for the optimal therapeutic strategy. Our aim was to describe the real-life management of non-selected children with cITP at diagnosis. Since 2004, patients less than 18 years old with cITP have been enrolled in the national prospective cohort, OBS'CEREVANCE. From 1990 to 2014, in 29 centres, 392 children were diagnosed with cITP. With a median follow-up of six years (2·0-25), 45% did not need second-line therapy, and 55% (n = 217) received one or more second lines, mainly splenectomy (n = 108), hydroxychloroquine (n = 61), rituximab (n = 61) or azathioprine (n = 40). The overall five-year further second-line treatment-free survival was 56% [95% CI 49·5-64.1]. The use of splenectomy significantly decreased over time. Hydroxychloroquine was administered to children with positive antinuclear antibodies, more frequently older and girls, and reached 55% efficacy. None of the patients died. Ten years after the initial diagnosis, 55% of the 56 followed children had achieved complete remission. Children with cITP do not need second-line treatments in 45% of cases. Basing the treatment decision on the pathophysiological pathways is challenging, as illustrated by ITP patients with positive antinuclear antibodies treated with hydroxychloroquine.

19.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 26(12): 2285-2291, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007639

RESUMO

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is an important challenge and a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children after hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). Herein we report our institution's experience of goal-oriented Bayesian monitoring for cyclosporine (CsA) used alone as GVHD prophylaxis during the post-transplant period in pediatric patients with thalassemia major (TM) or sickle cell anemia (SCA) undergoing HLA-matched HSCT. We also studied evolution of chimerism. Twenty-six consecutive patients (SCA, 14; TM, 12) underwent matched sibling donor (MSD) HSCT from 2004 to 2014. All patients received a myeloablative conditioning regimen. GVHD prophylaxis consisted of 20 mg/kg antithymocyte globulin in the conditioning regimens and then CsA alone in the post-transplant period. Target CsA trough blood concentration (TBC) was 150 ± 20 ng/mL. At last follow-up, all patients were alive and free of disease, even in cases of mixed chimerism. Engraftment occurred in all patients. No patient developed grades II to IV acute GVHD, 4 patients developed acute grade I skin GVHD, and only 1 presented with chronic pulmonary GVHD. A better control of GVHD and immunosuppression by a strict monitoring of CsA TBC as described herein is promising and could play a crucial role. Further investigations are required, but this study opens new perspectives to improve survival and safety of HSCT from alternative donors in TM and SCA to levels compatible with that obtained with MSDs.

20.
Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; 37(3): 259-268, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028812

RESUMO

Relapse of acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) after first allogenic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is a fatal complication. Sixty-five children transplanted for AML were included in a prospective national study from June 2005 to July 2008 to explore the feasibility of preemptive immune modulation based on the monitoring of blood chimerism. Relapse occurred in 23 patients (35%). The median time between the last complete chimerism and relapse was 13.5 days (2-138). Prompt discontinuation of cyclosporin and the administration of donor lymphocyte infusions (DLIs) based on chimerism monitoring failed as a preemptive tool, either for detecting relapse or certifying long-term remission.


Assuntos
Ciclosporina/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Imunomodulação , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Transfusão de Linfócitos , Doadores de Tecidos , Quimeras de Transplante/sangue , Aloenxertos , Criança , Ciclosporina/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/sangue , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva
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