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1.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1178: 338551, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482862

RESUMO

Single-cell analysis can allow for an in-depth understanding of diseases, diagnostics, and aid the development of therapeutics. However, single-cell analysis is challenging, as samples are both extremely limited in size and complex. But the concept is gaining promise, much due to novel sample preparation approaches and the ever-improving field of mass spectrometry. The mass spectrometer's output is often linked to the preceding compound separation step, typically being liquid chromatography (LC). In this review, we focus on LC's role in single-cell omics. Particle-packed nano LC columns (typically 50-100 µm inner diameter) have traditionally been the tool of choice for limited samples, and are also used for single cells. Several commercial products and systems are emerging with single cells in mind, featuring particle-packed columns or miniaturized pillar array systems. In addition, columns with inner diameters as narrow as 2 µm are being explored to maximize sensitivity. Hence, LC column down-scaling is a key focus in single-cell analysis. But narrow columns are associated with considerable technical challenges, while single cell analysis may be expected to become a "routine" service, requiring higher degrees of robustness and throughput. These challenges and expectations will increase the need and attention for the development (and even the reinvention) of alternative nano LC column formats. Therefore, monolith columns and even open tubular columns may finally find their "killer-application" in single cell analysis.


Assuntos
Análise de Célula Única , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas
2.
Neuro Oncol ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34543427

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Microtubes (MTs), cytoplasmic extensions of glioma cells, are important cell communication structures promoting invasion and treatment resistance through network formation. MTs are abundant in chemoresistant gliomas, in particular glioblastomas (GBMs), while they are uncommon in chemosensitive IDH-mutant and 1p/19q co-deleted oligodendrogliomas. The aim of this study was to identify potential signaling pathways involved in MT formation. METHODS: Bioinformatics analysis of TCGA was performed to analyze differences between GBM and oligodendroglioma. Patient-derived GBM stem cell lines were used to investigate microtube formation under TGF-ßstimulation and inhibition in vitro and in vivo in an orthotopic xenograft model. RNA sequencing and proteomics were performed to detect commonalities and differences between GBM cell lines stimulated with TGF-ß. RESULTS: Analysis of TCGA data showed that the TGF-ß pathway is highly activated in GBMs compared to oligodendroglial tumors. We demonstrated that TGF-ß1 stimulation of GBM cell lines promotes enhanced MT formation and communication via Calcium signaling. Inhibition of the TGF-ß pathway significantly reduced MT formation and its associated invasion in vitro and in vivo. Downstream of TGF-ß, we identified thrombospondin 1 (TSP1) as a potential mediator of MT formation in GBM through SMAD activation. TSP1 was upregulated upon TGF- ß stimulation and enhanced MT formation, which was inhibited by TSP1 shRNAs in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSION: TGF-ß and its downstream mediator TSP1 are important mediators of the MT network in GBM and blocking this pathway could potentially help to break the complex MT driven invasion/ resistance network.

3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(11)2021 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34073480

RESUMO

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can differentiate into osteoblasts, and therapeutic targeting of these cells is considered both for malignant and non-malignant diseases. We analyzed global proteomic profiles for osteoblasts derived from ten and MSCs from six healthy individuals, and we quantified 5465 proteins for the osteoblasts and 5420 proteins for the MSCs. There was a large overlap in the profiles for the two cell types; 156 proteins were quantified only in osteoblasts and 111 proteins only for the MSCs. The osteoblast-specific proteins included several extracellular matrix proteins and a network including 27 proteins that influence intracellular signaling (Wnt/Notch/Bone morphogenic protein pathways) and bone mineralization. The osteoblasts and MSCs showed only minor age- and sex-dependent proteomic differences. Finally, the osteoblast and MSC proteomic profiles were altered by ex vivo culture in serum-free media. We conclude that although the proteomic profiles of osteoblasts and MSCs show many similarities, we identified several osteoblast-specific extracellular matrix proteins and an osteoblast-specific intracellular signaling network. Therapeutic targeting of these proteins will possibly have minor effects on MSCs. Furthermore, the use of ex vivo cultured osteoblasts/MSCs in clinical medicine will require careful standardization of the ex vivo handling of the cells.


Assuntos
Células da Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Proteômica , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Idoso , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoblastos/citologia
4.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(7)2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33806032

RESUMO

Extracellular protein release is important both for the formation of extracellular matrix and for communication between cells. We investigated the extracellular protein release by in vitro cultured normal mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and by primary human acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells derived from 40 consecutive patients. We observed quantifiable levels of 3082 proteins in our study; for the MSCs, we detected 1446 proteins, whereas the number of released proteins for the AML cells showed wide variation between patients (average number 1699, range 557-2380). The proteins were derived from various cellular compartments (e.g., cell membrane, nucleus, and cytoplasms), several organelles (e.g., cytoskeleton, endoplasmatic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, and mitochondria) and had various functions (e.g., extracellular matrix and exosomal proteins, cytokines, soluble adhesion molecules, protein synthesis, post-transcriptional modulation, RNA binding, and ribonuclear proteins). Thus, AML patients were very heterogeneous both regarding the number of proteins and the nature of their extracellularly released proteins. The protein release profiles of MSCs and primary AML cells show a considerable overlap, but a minority of the proteins are released only or mainly by the MSC, including several extracellular matrix molecules. Taken together, our observations suggest that the protein profile of the extracellular bone marrow microenvironment differs between AML patients, these differences are mainly caused by the protein release by the leukemic cells but this leukemia-associated heterogeneity of the overall extracellular protein profile is modulated by the constitutive protein release by normal MSCs.

5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 7174, 2021 03 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33785790

RESUMO

Two pathophysiological different experimental models for multiple sclerosis were analyzed in parallel using quantitative proteomics in attempts to discover protein alterations applicable as diagnostic-, prognostic-, or treatment targets in human disease. The cuprizone model reflects de- and remyelination in multiple sclerosis, and the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE, MOG1-125) immune-mediated events. The frontal cortex, peripheral to severely inflicted areas in the CNS, was dissected and analyzed. The frontal cortex had previously not been characterized by proteomics at different disease stages, and novel protein alterations involved in protecting healthy tissue and assisting repair of inflicted areas might be discovered. Using TMT-labelling and mass spectrometry, 1871 of the proteins quantified overlapped between the two experimental models, and the fold change compared to controls was verified using label-free proteomics. Few similarities in frontal cortex between the two disease models were observed when regulated proteins and signaling pathways were compared. Legumain and C1Q complement proteins were among the most upregulated proteins in cuprizone and hemopexin in the EAE model. Immunohistochemistry showed that legumain expression in post-mortem multiple sclerosis brain tissue (n = 19) was significantly higher in the center and at the edge of white matter active and chronic active lesions. Legumain was associated with increased lesion activity and might be valuable as a drug target using specific inhibitors as already suggested for Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease. Cerebrospinal fluid levels of legumain, C1q and hemopexin were not significantly different between multiple sclerosis patients, other neurological diseases, or healthy controls.

6.
Clin Proteomics ; 17: 33, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32963504

RESUMO

Background: Verification of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers for multiple sclerosis and other neurological diseases is a major challenge due to a large number of candidates, limited sample material availability, disease and biological heterogeneity, and the lack of standardized assays. Furthermore, verification studies are often based on a low number of proteins from a single discovery experiment in medium-sized cohorts, where antibodies and surrogate peptides may differ, thus only providing an indication of proteins affected by the disease and not revealing the bigger picture or concluding on the validity of the markers. We here present a standard approach for locating promising biomarker candidates based on existing knowledge, resulting in high-quality assays covering the main biological processes affected by multiple sclerosis for comparable measurements over time. Methods: Biomarker candidates were located in CSF-PR (proteomics.uib.no/csf-pr), and further filtered based on estimated concentration in CSF and biological function. Peptide surrogates for internal standards were selected according to relevant criteria, parallel reaction monitoring (PRM) assays created, and extensive assay quality testing performed, i.e. intra- and inter-day variation, trypsin digestion status over time, and whether the peptides were able to separate multiple sclerosis patients and controls. Results: Assays were developed for 25 proteins, represented by 72 peptides selected according to relevant guidelines and available literature and tested for assay peptide suitability. Stability testing revealed 64 peptides with low intra- and inter-day variations, with 44 also being stably digested after 16 h of trypsin digestion, and 37 furthermore showing a significant difference between multiple sclerosis and controls, thereby confirming literature findings. Calibration curves and the linear area of measurement have, so far, been determined for 17 of these peptides. Conclusions: We present 37 high-quality PRM assays across 21 CSF-proteins found to be affected by multiple sclerosis, along with a recommended workflow for future development of new assays. The assays can directly be used by others, thus enabling better comparison between studies. Finally, the assays can robustly and stably monitor biological processes in multiple sclerosis patients over time, thus potentially aiding in diagnosis and prognosis, and ultimately in treatment decisions.

7.
Cancers (Basel) ; 12(6)2020 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32512867

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an aggressive hematological malignancy. Nearly 50% of the patients who receive the most intensive treatment develop chemoresistant leukemia relapse. Although the leukemogenic events leading to relapse seem to differ between patients (i.e., regrowth from a clone detected at first diagnosis, progression from the original leukemic or preleukemic stem cells), a common characteristic of relapsed AML is increased chemoresistance. The aim of the present study was to investigate at the proteomic level whether leukemic cells from relapsed patients present overlapping molecular mechanisms that contribute to this chemoresistance. We used liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) to compare the proteomic and phosphoproteomic profiles of AML cells derived from seven patients at the time of first diagnosis and at first relapse. At the time of first relapse, AML cells were characterized by increased levels of proteins important for various mitochondrial functions, such as mitochondrial ribosomal subunit proteins (MRPL21, MRPS37) and proteins for RNA processing (DHX37, RNA helicase; RPP40, ribonuclease P component), DNA repair (ERCC3, DNA repair factor IIH helicase; GTF2F1, general transcription factor), and cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) activity. The levels of several cytoskeletal proteins (MYH14/MYL6/MYL12A, myosin chains; VCL, vinculin) as well as of proteins involved in vesicular trafficking/secretion and cell adhesion (ITGAX, integrin alpha-X; CD36, platelet glycoprotein 4; SLC2A3, solute carrier family 2) were decreased in relapsed cells. Our study introduces new targetable proteins that might direct therapeutic strategies to decrease chemoresistance in relapsed AML.

8.
Cancers (Basel) ; 12(3)2020 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32192169

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a hematological cancer that mainly affects the elderly. Although complete remission (CR) is achieved for the majority of the patients after induction and consolidation therapies, nearly two-thirds relapse within a short interval. Understanding biological factors that determine relapse has become of major clinical interest in AML. We utilized liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) to identify the protein changes and protein phosphorylation events associated with AML relapse in primary cells from 41 AML patients at time of diagnosis. Patients were defined as relapse-free if they had not relapsed within a five-year clinical follow-up after AML diagnosis. Relapse was associated with increased expression of RNA processing proteins and decreased expression of V-ATPase proteins. We also observed an increase in phosphorylation events catalyzed by cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) and casein kinase 2 (CSK2). The biological relevance of the proteome findings was supported by cell proliferation assays using inhibitors of V-ATPase (bafilomycin), CSK2 (CX-4945), CDK4/6 (abemaciclib) and CDK2/7/9 (SNS-032). While bafilomycin preferentially inhibited the cells from relapse patients, the kinase inhibitors were less efficient in these cells. This suggests that therapy against the upregulated kinases could also target the factors inducing their upregulation rather than their activity. This study, therefore, presents markers that could help predict AML relapse and direct therapeutic strategies.

9.
Mass Spectrom Rev ; 39(3): 292-306, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28902424

RESUMO

Sequence database search engines are bioinformatics algorithms that identify peptides from tandem mass spectra using a reference protein sequence database. Two decades of development, notably driven by advances in mass spectrometry, have provided scientists with more than 30 published search engines, each with its own properties. In this review, we present the common paradigm behind the different implementations, and its limitations for modern mass spectrometry datasets. We also detail how the search engines attempt to alleviate these limitations, and provide an overview of the different software frameworks available to the researcher. Finally, we highlight alternative approaches for the identification of proteomic mass spectrometry datasets, either as a replacement for, or as a complement to, sequence database search engines.

10.
Sci Transl Med ; 11(515)2019 10 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645455

RESUMO

Improved tuberculosis (TB) prevention and control depend critically on the development of a simple, readily accessible rapid triage test to stratify TB risk. We hypothesized that a blood protein-based host response signature for active TB (ATB) could distinguish it from other TB-like disease (OTD) in adult patients with persistent cough, thereby providing a foundation for a point-of-care (POC) triage test for ATB. Three adult cohorts consisting of ATB suspects were recruited. A bead-based immunoassay and machine learning algorithms identified a panel of four host blood proteins, interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8, IL-18, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), that distinguished ATB from OTD. An ultrasensitive POC-amenable single-molecule array (Simoa) panel was configured, and the ATB diagnostic algorithm underwent blind validation in an independent, multinational cohort in which ATB was distinguished from OTD with receiver operator characteristic-area under the curve (ROC-AUC) of 0.80 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.75 to 0.85], 80% sensitivity (95% CI, 73 to 85%), and 65% specificity (95% CI, 57 to 71%). When host antibodies against TB antigen Ag85B were added to the panel, performance improved to 86% sensitivity and 69% specificity. A blood-based host response panel consisting of four proteins and antibodies to one TB antigen can help to differentiate ATB from other causes of persistent cough in patients with and without HIV infection from Africa, Asia, and South America. Performance characteristics approach World Health Organization (WHO) target product profile accuracy requirements and may provide the foundation for an urgently needed blood-based POC TB triage test.


Assuntos
Tosse/diagnóstico , Triagem/métodos , Tuberculose Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/análise , Tosse/microbiologia , Tosse/patologia , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Tuberculose Pulmonar/microbiologia , Tuberculose Pulmonar/patologia
11.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2044: 377-391, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432427

RESUMO

Every year, a large number of published studies present biomarkers for various neurological disorders. Many of these studies are based on mass spectrometry proteomics data and describe comparison of the abundance of proteins in cerebrospinal fluid between two or more disease groups. As the number of such studies is growing, it is no longer straightforward to obtain an overview of which specific proteins are increased or decreased between the numerous relevant diseases and their many subcategories, or to see the larger picture or trends between related diseases. To alleviate this situation, we therefore mined the literature for mass spectrometry-based proteomics studies including quantitative protein data from cerebrospinal fluid of patients with multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease and organized the extracted data in the Cerebrospinal Fluid Proteome Resource (CSF-PR). CSF-PR is freely available online at http://probe.uib.no/csf-pr , is highly interactive, and allows for easy navigation, visualization, and export of the published scientific data. This chapter will guide the user through some of the most important features of the tool and show examples of the suggested use cases.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Proteínas do Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/metabolismo , Esclerose Múltipla/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Doença de Parkinson/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Proteoma/análise , Biomarcadores/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Biomarcadores/química , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Proteínas do Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/química , Mineração de Dados , Bases de Dados de Proteínas , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas , Peptídeos/química , Proteoma/química , Proteoma/metabolismo , Proteômica
12.
Eur J Mass Spectrom (Chichester) ; 25(6): 451-456, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31189351

RESUMO

Single amino acids and small endogenous peptides play important roles in maintaining a properly functioning organism. These molecules are however currently only routinely identified in targeted approaches. In a small proof-of-concept mass spectrometry experiment, we found that by combining isobaric tags and peptidomics, and by targeting singly charged molecules, we were able to identify a significant amount of single amino acids and small endogenous peptides using a basic mass-based identification approach. While there is still room for improvement, our simple test indicates that a limited amount of extra work when setting up the mass spectrometry experiment could potentially lead to a wealth of additional information.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos/química , Peptídeos/química , Espectrometria de Massas , Proteômica
13.
Curr Med Chem ; 26(28): 5317-5337, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31241430

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Post-translational modification (PTM) crosstalk is a young research field. However, there is now evidence of the extraordinary characterization of the different proteoforms and their interactions in a biological environment that PTM crosstalk studies can describe. Besides gene expression and phosphorylation profiling of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) samples, the functional combination of several PTMs that might contribute to a better understanding of the complexity of the AML proteome remains to be discovered. OBJECTIVE: By reviewing current workflows for the simultaneous enrichment of several PTMs and bioinformatics tools to analyze mass spectrometry (MS)-based data, our major objective is to introduce the PTM crosstalk field to the AML research community. RESULTS: After an introduction to PTMs and PTM crosstalk, this review introduces several protocols for the simultaneous enrichment of PTMs. Two of them allow a simultaneous enrichment of at least three PTMs when using 0.5-2 mg of cell lysate. We have reviewed many of the bioinformatics tools used for PTM crosstalk discovery as its complex data analysis, mainly generated from MS, becomes challenging for most AML researchers. We have presented several non-AML PTM crosstalk studies throughout the review in order to show how important the characterization of PTM crosstalk becomes for the selection of disease biomarkers and therapeutic targets. CONCLUSION: Herein, we have reviewed the advances and pitfalls of the emerging PTM crosstalk field and its potential contribution to unravel the heterogeneity of AML. The complexity of sample preparation and bioinformatics workflows demands a good interaction between experts of several areas.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Humanos , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31240133

RESUMO

The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-Akt-mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway is constitutively activated in human acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells and is regarded as a possible therapeutic target. Insulin is an agonist of this pathway and a growth factor for AML cells. We characterized the effect of insulin on the phosphorylation of 10 mediators in the main track of the PI3K-Akt-mTOR pathway in AML cells from 76 consecutive patients. The overall results showed that insulin significantly increased the phosphorylation of all investigated mediators. However, insulin effects on the pathway activation profile varied among patients, and increased phosphorylation in all mediators was observed only in a minority of patients; in other patients, insulin had divergent effects. Global gene expression profiling and proteomic/phosphoproteomic comparisons suggested that AML cells from these two patient subsets differed with regard to AML cell differentiation, transcriptional regulation, RNA metabolism, and cellular metabolism. Strong insulin-induced phosphorylation was associated with weakened antiproliferative effects of metabolic inhibitors. PI3K, Akt, and mTOR inhibitors also caused divergent effects on the overall pathway phosphorylation profile in the presence of insulin, although PI3K and Akt inhibition caused a general reduction in Akt pT308 and 4EBP1 pT36/pT45 phosphorylation. For Akt inhibition, the phosphorylation of upstream mediators was generally increased or unaltered. In contrast, mTOR inhibition reduced mTOR pS2448 and S6 pS244 phosphorylation but increased Akt pT308 phosphorylation. In conclusion, the effects of both insulin and PI3K-Akt-mTOR inhibitors differ between AML patient subsets, and differences in insulin responsiveness are associated with differential susceptibility to metabolic targeting.

15.
Atten Defic Hyperact Disord ; 11(1): 91-105, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30927234

RESUMO

Na+/H+ Exchanger 9 (NHE9) is an endosomal membrane protein encoded by the Solute Carrier 9A, member 9 gene (SLC9A9). SLC9A9 has been implicated in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), epilepsy, multiple sclerosis and cancers. To better understand the function of NHE9 and the effects of disease-associated variants on protein-protein interactions, we conducted a quantitative analysis of the NHE9 interactome using co-immunoprecipitation and isobaric labeling-based quantitative mass spectrometry. We identified 100 proteins that interact with NHE9. These proteins were enriched in known functional pathways for NHE9: the endocytosis, protein ubiquitination and phagosome pathways, as well as some novel pathways including oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, mTOR signaling, cell death and RNA processing pathways. An ADHD-associated mutation (A409P) significantly altered NHE9's interactions with a subset of proteins involved in caveolae-mediated endocytosis and MAP2K2-mediated downstream signaling. An ASD nonsense mutation in SLC9A9, R423X, produced no-detectable amount of NHE9, suggesting the overall loss of NHE9 functional networks. In addition, seven of the NHE9 interactors are products of known autism candidate genes (Simons Foundation Autism Research Initiative, SFARI Gene) and 90% of the NHE9 interactome overlap with SFARI protein interaction network PIN (p < 0.0001), supporting the role of NHE9 interactome in ASDs molecular mechanisms. Our results provide a detailed understanding of the functions of protein NHE9 and its disrupted interactions, possibly underlying ADHD and ASDs. Furthermore, our methodological framework proved useful for functional characterization of disease-associated genetic variants and suggestion of druggable targets.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/genética , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Mutação , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética , Trocadores de Sódio-Hidrogênio/genética , Humanos
16.
Proteomes ; 7(1)2018 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30577422

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous disease, and communication between leukemic cells and their neighboring leukemia-supporting normal cells is involved in leukemogenesis. The bone marrow cytokine network is therefore important, and the mediator release profile seems more important than single mediators. It is not known whether the characterization of primary AML cell proteomes reflects the heterogeneity of the broad and dynamic constitutive mediator release profile by these cells. To address this, we compared the intracellular levels of 41 proteins in 19 AML patients with the constitutive extracellular release during in vitro culture, including chemokines, growth factors, proteases, and protease regulators. The constitutive release of most mediators showed a wide variation (up to 2000-fold differences) between patients. Detectable intracellular levels were seen for 10 of 41 mediators, but for most of these 10 mediators we could not detect significant correlations between the constitutive release during in vitro culture and their intracellular levels. Intracellular protein levels in primary human AML cells do not reflect the dynamics, capacity, and variation between patients in constitutive mediator release profiles. Measurements of these profiles thus add complementary information to proteomic detection/quantification regarding the heterogeneity of the AML cell contributions to the bone marrow cytokine network.

17.
Respir Res ; 19(1): 40, 2018 03 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29514648

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Smoking represents a significant risk factor for many chronic inflammatory diseases, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: To identify dysregulation of specific proteins and pathways in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cells associated with smoking, isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ)-based shotgun proteomics analyses were performed on BAL cells from healthy never-smokers and smokers with normal lung function from the Karolinska COSMIC cohort. Multivariate statistical modeling, multivariate correlations with clinical data, and pathway enrichment analysis were performed. RESULTS: Smoking exerted a significant impact on the BAL cell proteome, with more than 500 proteins representing 15 molecular pathways altered due to smoking. The majority of these alterations occurred in a gender-independent manner. The phagosomal- and leukocyte trans endothelial migration (LTM) pathways significantly correlated with FEV1/FVC as well as the percentage of CD8+ T-cells and CD8+CD69+ T-cells in smokers. The correlations to clinical parameters in healthy never-smokers were minor. CONCLUSION: The significant correlations of proteins in the phagosome- and LTM pathways with activated cytotoxic T-cells (CD69+) and the level of airway obstruction (FEV1/FVC) in smokers, both hallmarks of COPD, suggests that these two pathways may play a role in the molecular events preceding the development of COPD in susceptible smokers. Both pathways were found to be further dysregulated in COPD patients from the same cohort, thereby providing further support to this hypothesis. Given that not all smokers develop COPD in spite of decades of smoking, it is also plausible that some of the molecular pathways associated with response to smoking exert protective mechanisms to smoking-related pathologies in resilient individuals. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02627872 ; Retrospectively registered on December 9, 2015.


Assuntos
Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Proteoma/genética , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/genética , Fumantes , Fumar/genética , Espirometria/tendências , Idoso , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/citologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia , Fumar/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Respir Res ; 19(1): 39, 2018 03 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29514663

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Smoking is the main risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Women with COPD who smoke experienced a higher risk of hospitalization and worse decline of lung function. Yet the mechanisms of these gender-related differences in clinical presentations in COPD remain unknown. The aim of our study is to identify proteins and molecular pathways associated with COPD pathogenesis, with emphasis on elucidating molecular gender difference. METHOD: We employed shotgun isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) proteome analyses of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cells from smokers with normal lung function (n = 25) and early stage COPD patients (n = 18). Multivariate modeling, pathway enrichment analysis, and correlation with clinical characteristics were performed to identify specific proteins and pathways of interest. RESULTS: More pronounced alterations both at the protein- and pathway- levels were observed in female COPD patients, involving dysregulation of the FcγR-mediated phagocytosis-lysosomal axis and increase in oxidative stress. Alterations in pathways of the phagocytosis-lysosomal axis associated with a female-dominated COPD phenotype correlated well with specific clinical features: FcγR-mediated phagocytosis correlated with FEV1/FVC, the lysosomal pathway correlated with CT < -950 Hounsfield Units (HU), and regulation of actin cytoskeleton correlated with FEV1 and FEV1/FVC in female COPD patients. Alterations observed in the corresponding male cohort were minor. CONCLUSION: The identified molecular pathways suggest dysregulation of several phagocytosis-related pathways in BAL cells in female COPD patients, with correlation to both the level of obstruction (FEV1/FVC) and disease severity (FEV1) as well as emphysema (CT < -950 HU) in women. TRIAL REGISTRATION: No.: NCT02627872 , retrospectively registered on December 9, 2015.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Pulmão/imunologia , Fagócitos/imunologia , Proteômica/métodos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/genética , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/imunologia , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Imunidade Celular/genética , Imunidade Celular/imunologia , Pulmão/citologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Caracteres Sexuais , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia
19.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 8725, 2017 08 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28821815

RESUMO

Epac1 (Exchange protein directly activated by cAMP 1) limits fluid loss from the circulation by tightening the endothelial barrier. We show here that Epac1-/- mice, but not Epac2-/- mice, have prolonged bleeding time, suggesting that Epac1 may limit fluid loss also by restraining bleeding. The Epac1-/- mice had deficient in vitro secondary hemostasis. Quantitative comprehensive proteomics analysis revealed that Epac1-/- mouse platelets (thrombocytes) had unbalanced expression of key components of the glycoprotein Ib-IX-V (GPIb-IX-V) complex, with decrease of GP1bß and no change of GP1bα. This complex is critical for platelet adhesion under arterial shear conditions. Furthermore, Epac1-/- mice have reduced levels of plasma coagulation factors and fibrinogen, increased size of circulating platelets, increased megakaryocytes (the GP1bß level was decreased also in Epac1-/- bone marrow) and higher abundance of reticulated platelets. Viscoelastic measurement of clotting function revealed Epac1-/- mice with a dysfunction in the clotting process, which corresponds to reduced plasma levels of coagulation factors like factor XIII and fibrinogen. We propose that the observed platelet phenotype is due to deficient Epac1 activity during megakaryopoiesis and thrombopoiesis, and that the defects in blood clotting for Epac1-/- is connected to secondary hemostasis.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/metabolismo , Fatores de Troca do Nucleotídeo Guanina/deficiência , Hemorragia/sangue , Hemorragia/metabolismo , Complexo Glicoproteico GPIb-IX de Plaquetas/metabolismo , Difosfato de Adenosina/farmacologia , Animais , Fatores de Coagulação Sanguínea/metabolismo , Plaquetas/ultraestrutura , Tamanho Celular , Colágeno/farmacologia , Exocitose , Feto/metabolismo , Fatores de Troca do Nucleotídeo Guanina/metabolismo , Fígado/embriologia , Megacariócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Megacariócitos/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Selectina-P/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Trombina/farmacologia
20.
Mol Cell Proteomics ; 16(2): 300-309, 2017 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27890865

RESUMO

The rapidly growing number of biomedical studies supported by mass spectrometry based quantitative proteomics data has made it increasingly difficult to obtain an overview of the current status of the research field. A better way of organizing the biomedical proteomics information from these studies and making it available to the research community is therefore called for. In the presented work, we have investigated scientific publications describing the analysis of the cerebrospinal fluid proteome in relation to multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease. Based on a detailed set of filtering criteria we extracted 85 data sets containing quantitative information for close to 2000 proteins. This information was made available in CSF-PR 2.0 (http://probe.uib.no/csf-pr-2.0), which includes novel approaches for filtering, visualizing and comparing quantitative proteomics information in an interactive and user-friendly environment. CSF-PR 2.0 will be an invaluable resource for anyone interested in quantitative proteomics on cerebrospinal fluid.


Assuntos
Proteínas do Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/análise , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/metabolismo , Proteômica/métodos , Bases de Dados de Proteínas , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Navegador
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