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2.
Rev Med Suisse ; 15(660): 1512-1515, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496176

RESUMO

The emergence of immunotherapy has generated great enthusiasm in oncology improving the prognosis of pathologies such as melanoma, lung cancer, kidney cancer, bladder and head and neck cancers. This enthusiasm concerns also older patients in view of the good tolerance of immunotherapy in young people. However, advanced age is linked to changes in the immune system, called immunosenescence, which could have a negative impact on the efficacy and toxicity of immunotherapy treatment. Knowledge in terms of efficacy and tolerance is limited for geriatric patients, few being included in clinical studies. This article summarizes the experience of immunotherapy in large clinical trials. It appears that the immune checkpoint inhibitors are effective and well tolerated in the elderly.


Assuntos
Imunoterapia , Neoplasias , Fatores Etários , Humanos , Tolerância Imunológica , Imunossenescência , Oncologia/tendências , Neoplasias/terapia
3.
Cancer Chemother Pharmacol ; 84(4): 881-889, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31444619

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The study aimed to investigate strategies to prevent and treat cetuximab-induced skin reactions and their perceived effectiveness in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) and recurrent/metastatic squamous cell cancer of the head and neck (SCCHN). METHODS: This open-label, prospective observational study was conducted in Switzerland. RESULTS: A total of 125 patients were included (n = 91 mCRC, n = 34 SCCHN; mean age 63.3 years; 73.6% males). The frequency of acneiform rash grade ≥ 2 increased from 12.6% at week 2 to 21.7% at week 16. The proportion of patients who reported no skin reaction decreased from 75.6% at week 2 to 43.3% at week 16. The most frequently used skin products at any time of observation were moisturizing (77.6%), lipid-regenerating (56.8%) or urea-containing products (52%), systemic antibiotics (49.6%), and vitamin K1 cream (43.2%). There was no clear effectiveness pattern for all product classes: in given patients, either the product showed no effect at all or a moderate/strong effect, consistently over time. CONCLUSIONS: A great variety of low-cost general skin care products were commonly used. According to physician's preference, systemic antibiotics and vitamin K1 cream are an appropriate approach to prevent or treat cetuximab-related skin toxicity.

4.
Swiss Med Wkly ; 149: w20097, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269223

RESUMO

AIMS OF THE STUDY: Iron deficiency (ID) and iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) are important conditions affecting a large proportion of the general population, causing the patients physical and psychosomatic symptoms, particularly fatigue, and significantly affecting their quality of life. General practitioners (GPs) are frequently consulted with nonspecific symptoms due to the ID. However, little evidence is available to guide iron treatment. The aim of the Swiss Delphi study was to generate a broad consensual Swiss expert opinion in various therapeutic areas on diagnosis and treatment of ID/IDA and their practical implications. METHODS: Specific statements regarding clinical relevance, practical diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, and treatment were evaluated by Swiss experts in various therapeutic areas using the Delphi method. “Consensus” was defined as ≥80% agreement; the agreement of 50–79% was defined as “critical”, of <50% as “disagreement”. RESULTS: Consensus was reached for most statements. In patients without systemic inflammation, the threshold of 30 μg/l provide a good accuracy for the diagnosis of ID without anaemia. Ferritin levels within the range 30–50 μg/l with TSAT <20% can indicate ID without anaemia. Iron replacement therapy is accepted for treatment, not only of IDA, but also of symptomatic ID without anaemia. GPs play a central role in diagnosis and management of ID. CONCLUSIONS: This consensus study provides potential therapeutic strategies for management of iron deficiency and is based on opinions of a high number of contributing specialists, providing their views from a wide range of clinical perspectives.  .

5.
Rev Med Suisse ; 15(649): 924-928, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31050240

RESUMO

Determining if a critically ill patient with cancer will benefit from medical care in an intensive care unit can be a real challenge. Studies show that anticipating critical situations in oncology and collaboration between oncologists and intensivists diminish mortality and enhance resource use. This article covers some of the facts to consider in order to improve the management of these patients.


Assuntos
Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Neoplasias , Admissão do Paciente , Cuidados Críticos , Estado Terminal , Hospitalização , Humanos , Oncologia , Neoplasias/terapia
6.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 469, 2019 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31101028

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer screening mammography is widespread in industrialised countries within the framework of public health program or opportunist form. Only few data exist on the comparison of effectiveness between organised and opportunistic screening. The aim of this study is to compare organised and opportunistic screening using population-based data from the Fribourg cancer registry, Switzerland. METHODS: We included all first primary breast adenocarcinoma diagnosed between 2006 and 2014 in women aged 50-69 years resident in the canton of Fribourg. We considered only breast cancer discovered by mammography screening. We compared patients, tumour characteristics and treatment modalities between breast cancer detected by the organised screening program versus opportunistic screening using logistic regression. RESULTS: Out of 989 patients diagnosed with breast cancer, 402 (40.6%) were diagnosed by organised and 205 (20.7%) by opportunistic screening. Women with breast cancer detected within the screening program were more likely to be from rural areas (P = 0.035) and lived less frequently in high favoured regions (P = 0.020). They presented more frequently in situ than invasive cancer (P = 0.022). For patients with invasive breast cancer, those detected by the program were less likely to undergo mastectomy (P = 0.06) and consequently, they were more likely to undergo radiation therapy (P = 0.003). Adjustment for area of residence and financial context of the region did not modify the results presented. CONCLUSIONS: The present study reports an increased rate of detection of carcinoma in situ in organised screening program as compared to opportunistic screening mammographies, an indirect evidence of a higher radiologic sensitivity. Furthermore, the results show a trend towards more mastectomies among patients with breast cancer discovered after opportunistic than after organized mammography screening, reflecting lower treatment burden. Those results were independent of socio-economic factors which differed across screening groups.

7.
Swiss Med Wkly ; 149: w20031, 2019 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30943308

RESUMO

This update on plasma cell myeloma has been elaborated by a Swiss expert panel as a result of the plethora of new data on the treatment of plasma cell myeloma reported recently. It adds new insights to the more extensive review that was published 3 years ago and may help clinicians on decision making for their patients. The new recommendations for distinguishing plasma cell myeloma from smouldering myeloma are briefly presented, including a section on contemporary imaging studies with this respect. Former panel recommendations that remain unchanged by new results will not be discussed in detail as the major focus of this review is on treatment-relevant new developments.

8.
Br J Cancer ; 120(10): 968-974, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30988393

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (CT) followed by radiotherapy (RT) and surgery showed a median survival of 28.7 months in resectable stage IIIB non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients (pts). Here, we evaluate the impact of concomitant cetuximab to the same neoadjuvant chemo-radiotherapy (CRT) in selected patients (pts) with NSCLC, stage IIIB. METHODS: Resectable stage IIIB NSCLC received three cycles of CT (cisplatin 100 mg/m2 and docetaxel 85 mg/m2 d1, q3w) followed by RT (44 Gy in 22 fractions) with concomitant cetuximab (250 mg/m2, q1w) and subsequent surgery. The primary endpoint was 1-year progression-free survival (PFS). RESULTS: Sixty-nine pts were included in the trial. Fifty-seven (83%) pts underwent surgery, with complete resection (R0) in 42 (74%) and postoperative 30 day mortality of 3.5%. Responses were: 57% after CT-cetuximab and 64% after CRT-cetuximab. One-year PFS was 50%. Median PFS was 12.0 months (95% CI: 9.0-15.6), median OS was 21.3 months, with a 2- and 3-yr survival of 41% and 30%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This is one of the largest prospective phase 2 trial to investigate the role of induction CRT and surgery in resectable stage IIIB disease, and the first adding cetuximab to the neoadjuvant strategy. This trial treatment is feasible with promising response and OS rates, supporting an aggressive approach in selected pts.

11.
J Thorac Oncol ; 2018 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30267838

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Long-term data on outcomes of operable stage III NSCLC are scarce. METHODS: Individual patient data from 368 patients enrolled in one phase III and two phase II trials were pooled and outcomes after applying the eighth (denoted with an asterisk [*]) versus the sixth TNM staging edition were compared. Patients were treated with either preoperative radiotherapy following 3 cycles of induction chemotherapy (trimodal) or neoadjuvant chemotherapy alone (bimodal). RESULTS: With the sixth version, the 5- and 10-year survival rates were 38% and 28% for stage IIIA, respectively, and 36% and 24% for stage IIIB, respectively. Factors associated with improved 5-year overall survival were younger age, R0 resection, and pathologic complete remission (pCR) (p = 0.043, p < 0.001 and p = 0.009). With the eighth TNM staging version, 162 patients were moved from stage IIIA to IIIB*. The 5- and 10-year survival rates were 41% and 29% for stage IIIA*, respectively, and 35% and 27% for stage IIIB* patients, respectively. There was no difference in the bi- versus trimodal group with regard to median overall survival (28 months [95% confidence interval (CI): 21-39 months] and 37 months [95% CI: 24-51 months], p = 0.9) and event-free survival (12 months [95% CI: 9-15 months] versus 13 months [95% CI: 10-22 months], p = 0.71). CONCLUSIONS: We showed favorable 10-year survival rates of 29% and 27% in stage IIIA* and IIIB*, respectively. Younger age, R0 resection, and pathologic complete response were associated with improved long-term survival. Outcomes using the sixth versus eighth edition of the TNM classification were similar in operable stage III NSCLC.

14.
Psychooncology ; 27(7): 1833-1839, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29655277

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We developed 2 intensity levels of a complex intervention for interprofessional supportive care in cancer (IPSC-C) to facilitate resilience and reduce unmet supportive care needs. We aimed to test the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effectiveness of both intensity levels in routine practice. METHODS: In a randomized, noncomparative phase II trial, newly diagnosed patients received either low (LI-IPSC-C) or high (HI-IPSC-C) intensity interventions. Low-intensity-interprofessional supportive care in cancer (LI-IPSC-C) consisted of 3 electronic assessments of resilience, unmet supportive care needs, mood, and coping effort over 16 weeks with an immediate feedback to clinicians including tailored intervention recommendations to facilitate resilience and supportive care. High-intensity-interprofessional supportive care in cancer (HI-IPSC-C) added 5 structured consultations (face-to-face and telephone) provided by specialized nurses. Primary outcome was a change ≥5 in resilience score on the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). Secondary outcomes were unmet supportive care needs, mood, and coping effort. We assessed feasibility by clinician-provided tailored interventions as recommended and acceptability through qualitative interviews with clinicians and patients. RESULTS: In the LI-IPSC-C arm, 11 of 41, in the HI-IPSC-C arm 17 of 43, patients increased resilience scores by ≥5. Relatively more patients decreased unmet needs in HI-IPSC-C arm. Mood, in both arms, and coping effort, in HI-IPSC-C arm, improved meaningfully. Feasibility was limited for the LI-IPSC-C arm, mainly due to lack of time; acceptability was high in both arms. CONCLUSION: Neither LI-IPSC-C nor HI-IPSC-C interventions reached the desired threshold. HI-IPSC-C showed positive effects on secondary outcomes and was feasible. Resilience as measured by the CD-RISC may not be the optimal outcome measure for this intervention.

15.
Hematol Oncol ; 36(2): 436-444, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29363149

RESUMO

Autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) as part of the primary therapy in multiple myeloma (MM) is standard practice. In contrast, the role of a second ASCT (ASCT2) and subsequent lenalidomide maintenance for relapsed disease remains unclear. In this study, we analysed 86 consecutive MM patients with a first relapse after prior ASCT receiving either a second ASCT or conventional chemotherapy. After a median follow-up of 37.7 months since first relapse, 54 (62.8%) patients were still alive and 29 (33.7%) without progression. Sixty-one (71.0%) patients received ASCT2 and had better progression-free survival (PFS) (30.2 versus 13.0 mo; P = .0262) and overall survival (OS) rates (129.6 versus 33.5 mo; P = .0003) compared with 25 (29.0%) patients with conventional treatment. Patients relapsing later than 12 months after ASCT1 benefitted from a second ASCT with better PFS2 (P = .0179) and OS2 (P = .0009). Finally, lenalidomide maintenance after ASCT2 was associated with longer PFS (41.0 vs 21.6 mo; P = .0034) and better OS (not yet reached vs 129.6 mo; P = .0434) compared with patients without maintenance. Our data suggest that a second ASCT and lenalidomide maintenance given at first relapse in MM after prior ASCT are associated with better survival rates.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Transplante de Células-Tronco/métodos , Talidomida/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Idoso , Autoenxertos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Lenalidomida , Quimioterapia de Manutenção , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/mortalidade , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Talidomida/uso terapêutico , Fatores de Tempo , Transplante Autólogo
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28958629

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim was to evaluate quality of life (QoL), pain, and fatigue in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) treated with different regimens after first-line docetaxel, as well as disease progression. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with mCRPC having received first-line chemotherapy with docetaxel were eligible. Second-line treatment choice was at the discretion of the local investigator. All patients had regular assessments of QoL with the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Prostate (FACT-P) questionnaire, of fatigue with the Brief Fatigue Inventory, and of pain with the McGill Pain Questionnaire-Short Form. The primary end point was QoL maintenance defined as having a maximum decrease in 2 functional domains of the FACT-P. RESULTS: One hundred thirty-eight patients were included in 36 oncology centers across Switzerland. QoL analysis was available for all patients (59 who received cabazitaxel; 79 who received other therapy [OT] including 75 who received abiraterone). No significant differences for any of the end points were found between groups. A numerically higher number of patients had QoL maintenance with OT (25 of 79 patients, 32%) compared with cabazitaxel (8 of 59 patients, 14%). QoL improvement was found in 20% of patients (12 of 59) who received cabazitaxel and 24% (19 of 79) who received OT. Mean FACT-P score did not change in a clinically relevant manner over time in either group. Pain was present in 70% of patients (96 of 138), and a pain response to treatment was noted in 22% (13 of 59) who received cabazitaxel and 29% (23 of 79) who received OT. A similar but minor improvement of fatigue was noted in both groups. CONCLUSION: Some degree of QoL decrease was seen in most patients regardless of second-line treatment. No significant differences in QoL parameters between cabazitaxel or other second line treatments were found.

17.
Clin Lung Cancer ; 18(3): 303-309, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27993482

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pemetrexed and bevacizumab as single agents have been approved for maintenance therapy after platinum-based induction in patients with advanced nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer. It is currently unknown whether bevacizumab plus pemetrexed is superior to pemetrexed alone. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a nonrandomized phase II trial with 2 sequential cohorts. In the first cohort, 77 patients were treated with 4 cycles of cisplatin, bevacizumab, and pemetrexed every 3 weeks, followed by bevacizumab plus pemetrexed maintenance until progression. In the second cohort, we treated 52 patients without bevacizumab, using maintenance with pemetrexed alone. Progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), overall response rate (ORR), adverse events, and the treatment costs of the 2 cohorts were compared. RESULTS: The median PFS from the time of registration was 6.9 months in cohort 1 and 5.6 months in cohort 2. The ORR was 62.3% in cohort 1% and 44.2% in cohort 2. The PFS (hazard ratio, 0.7; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.5-1.0; P = .041) and ORR (odds ratio, 2.1; 95% CI, 1.0-4.3; P = .049) were better in cohort 1 than in cohort 2. No OS difference was found (hazard ratio, 1.0; 95% CI, 0.7-1.6; P = .890) after a median follow-up period of 47 months for cohort 1 and 27 months for cohort 2. The rate of grade ≥ 3 adverse events was greater in cohort 1. The treatment costs per patient were on average 1.4 times greater for cohort 1. CONCLUSION: The addition of bevacizumab increased the ORR and PFS, but not OS, in our nonrandomized trial. Furthermore, the addition of bevacizumab was associated with greater toxicity and higher costs.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Pemetrexede/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/economia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Estudos de Coortes , Análise Custo-Benefício , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Análise de Sobrevida , Suíça , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Ann Hematol ; 96(3): 421-429, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28011985

RESUMO

BEAM with BCNU is commonly used for conditioning treatment followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). However, pulmonary toxicity and availability issues associated with BCNU prompted us to evaluate bendamustine-replacing BCNU (BeEAM). We analyzed 39 lymphoma patients receiving BeEAM conditioning with 200 mg/m2 bendamustine at days -7 and -6. The median duration until neutrophil recovery was 11 days, and 15 days for platelet recovery (>20 g/L). The most common grade 3/4 non-hematologic toxicities comprised mucosal side effects (27 pts.). Pulmonary toxicity was observed in one patient (2.5%), and one patient died of septic complications. The CR rate increased from 33% to 74% 100 days after ASCT. After a median follow-up of 18.5 months, progression and death each occurred in 11 patients (28%). Median progression-free and overall survival at 2 years were 69% and 72%. Our data suggest that BeEAM conditioning using bendamustine is safe and results in promising survival rates.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/administração & dosagem , Cloridrato de Bendamustina/administração & dosagem , Carmustina/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Linfoma/terapia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Humanos , Linfoma/diagnóstico , Linfoma/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/mortalidade , Transplante Autólogo/métodos , Transplante Autólogo/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
Clin Colorectal Cancer ; 15(4): 314-320.e2, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27117056

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bevacizumab (BEV)-containing therapies are costly. We performed a health economic analysis of a randomized phase 3 study (SAKK 41/06) that compared BEV continuation as a single agent (BEV) with treatment holidays (no BEV) after completing 4 to 6 cycles of first-line chemotherapy plus BEV in metastatic colorectal cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Costs for first-line chemotherapy with BEV, BEV continuation therapy, hospitalizations (length of stay), control visits, diagnostic tests, and second-line and later rounds of chemotherapy were collected. Mean costs per patient per treatment arm and an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio were calculated. Probabilistic sensitivity analysis was performed to account for uncertainty in the input parameters. RESULTS: The total incurred mean costs per patient were 126,631 Swiss francs (CHF) [95% confidence interval (CI), 116,521-136,740] for BEV versus CHF100,146 (95% CI, 92,811-107,481) for no BEV. The incremental cost effectiveness ratio was CHF108,991 per life-year gained (LYG; 95% CI from probabilistic sensitivity analysis, 62,890-248,515). Compared to a willingness-to-pay threshold of CHF100,000/LYG, there was 42% probability that BEV continuation was cost effective, which decreased to 20% at a threshold of CHF75,000/LYG. Economic equality was reached in only 0.07% of cases. CONCLUSION: The clinical conclusion that BEV continuation as a single agent after completion of first-line chemotherapy is of low therapeutic value is supported by this health economic analysis. Costs increase without significant clinical benefit in this setting.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/economia , Bevacizumab/administração & dosagem , Bevacizumab/economia , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Análise Custo-Benefício , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Manutenção/economia , Quimioterapia de Manutenção/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Suíça
20.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 57(5): 1122-9, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26294015

RESUMO

Vinorelbine chemotherapy with granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) stimulation is a widely applied non-myelosuppressive mobilization regimen in Switzerland for myeloma patients, but its neurotoxic potential limits its use in patients with bortezomib-induced polyneuropathy. In this single-center study, we alternatively evaluated safety and effectiveness of gemcitabine chemotherapy with G-CSF for mobilization of autologous stem cells. Between March 2012 and February 2013, all bortezomib-pretreated myeloma patients planned to undergo first-line high-dose melphalan chemotherapy received a single dose of 1250 mg/m2 gemcitabine, with G-CSF started on day 4. The 24 patients in this study had received a median of four cycles of bortezomib-dexamethason-based induction. Bortezomib-related polyneuropathy was identified in 21 patients (88%) by clinical evaluation and a standardized questionnaire. Administration of gemcitabine mobilization did not induce new or aggravate pre-existing neuropathy. Stem cell mobilization was successful in all 24 patients, with a single day of apheresis being sufficient in 19 patients (78%). The median yield was 9.51×10(6) CD34+ cells/kg. Stem collection could be accomplished at day 8 in 67%. Our data suggest that single-dose gemcitabine together with G-CSF is an effective mobilization regimen in myeloma patients and a safe alternative non-myelosuppressive mobilization chemotherapy for myeloma patients with bortezomib-induced polyneuropathy.


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Bortezomib/uso terapêutico , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Mobilização de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bortezomib/efeitos adversos , Terapia Combinada , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/administração & dosagem , Mobilização de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Mieloma Múltiplo/mortalidade , Polineuropatias/induzido quimicamente , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
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