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1.
Inorg Chem ; 59(16): 11736-11748, 2020 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32799456

RESUMO

A family of three picolinate pyclen-based ligands, previously investigated for the complexation of Y3+ and some lanthanide ions (Gd3+, Eu3+), was studied with 161Tb and 177Lu in view of potential radiotherapeutic applications. The set of six Tb3+ and Lu3+ complexes was synthesized and fully characterized. The coordination properties in the solid state and in solution were thoroughly studied. Potentiometric titrations, supported by density functional theory (DFT) calculations, showed the very high stability constants of the Tb3+ and Lu3+ complexes, associated with remarkable kinetic inertness for up to 30 days in 1 M HCl. A complete radiolabeling study performed with both 161Tb and 177Lu radionuclides, including experiments with regard to the stability with and without scavengers and kinetic inertness using challenging agents, proved that the ligands could reasonably compete with the DOTA analogue. To conclude, the potential of using the same ligand for both radiotherapy and optical imaging was highlighted for the first time.

2.
Bioconjug Chem ; 31(9): 2103-2115, 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32567844

RESUMO

The synthesis of a polylysine polymer functionalized with the previously reported astonishingly inert [In(cb-te2pa)]+ chelate was performed. A biotin end group allowed the conjugation to biotinylated beads by the intermediary of a fluorescein isothiocyanate/neutravidin receptor. High quality imaging mass cytometry trials, based on 115In detection were performed to highlight the behavior of the material. Anti-CD20 antibody was labeled by the so-obtained In(III)-modified polylysine using the biotin/neutravidin interaction. Ramos (CD20[+]) and HL-60 (CD20[-]) cell lines were costained with the In(III)-modified bioconjugate by finding the best staining conditions. Both immunofluorescence microscopy (IF-M) and mass cytometry analyses confirmed the specific binding of anti-CD20 onto Ramos cells. CyTOF histograms constructed on the 115In detection allowed us to define and to separate, with a good signal-to-noise ratio, two populations (Ramos and HL-60). The inertness of In(III)-MCP-NAv over a three-month storage period was proved by performing new functionality tests involving Jurkat cells (CD20[-]) and multiparametric trials involving the 115In channel. The results ensure a promising future use of the previously announced [In(cb-te2pa)]+ complex-based polymers for mass cytometry.

3.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(22): 10184-10197, 2020 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32368907

RESUMO

In addition to the already described ligand L4a, two pyclen-based lanthanide chelators, L4b and L4c, bearing two specific picolinate two-photon antennas (tailor-made for each targeted metal) and one acetate arm arranged in a dissymmetrical manner, have been synthesized, to form a complete family of lanthanide luminescent bioprobes: [EuL4a], [SmL4a], [YbL4b], [TbL4c], and [DyL4c]. Additionally, the symmetrically arranged regioisomer L4a' was also synthesized as well as its [EuL4a'] complex to highlight the astonishing positive impact of the dissymmetrical N-distribution of the functional chelating arms. The investigation clearly shows the high performance of each bioprobe, which, depending on the complexed lanthanide, could be used in various applications. Each presents high brightness, quantum yields, and lifetimes. Staining of the complexes into living human breast cancer cells was observed. In addition, in vivo two-photon microscopy was performed for the first time on a living zebrafish model with [EuL4a]. No apparent toxicity was detected on the growth of the zebrafish, and images of high quality were obtained.

4.
Chemphyschem ; 21(10): 1036-1043, 2020 05 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176399

RESUMO

Cationic lanthanide complexes are generally able to spontaneously internalize into living cells. Following our previous works based on a diMe-cyclen framework, a second generation of cationic water-soluble lanthanide complexes based on a constrained cross-bridged cyclam macrocycle functionalized with donor-π-conjugated picolinate antennas was prepared with europium(III) and ytterbium(III). Their spectroscopic properties were thoroughly investigated in various solvents and rationalized with the help of DFT calculations. A significant improvement was observed in the case of the Eu3+ complex, while the Yb3+ analogue conserved photophysical properties in aqueous solvent. Two-photon (2P) microscopy imaging experiments on living T24 human cancer cells confirmed the spontaneous internalization of the probes and images with good signal-to-noise ratio were obtained in the classic NIR-to-visible configuration with the Eu3+ luminescent bioprobe and in the NIR-to-NIR with the Yb3+ one.

5.
J Inorg Biochem ; 205: 110978, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951911

RESUMO

Based on our previous works involving two 1,4,7-triazacyclononane (tacn)-based ligands Hno2py1pa (1-Picolinic acid-4,7-bis(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-1,4,7-triazacyclononane) and Hno1pa (1-Picolinic acid-1,4,7-triazacyclononane), we report here the synthesis of analogues bearing picolinate-based π-conjugated ILCT (Intra-Ligand Charge Transfer) transition antenna (HL1, HL2), using regiospecific N-functionalization of the tacn skeleton and their related transition metal complexes (e.g. Cu2+, Zn2+ and Mn2+). Coordination properties as well as their photophysical and electrochemical properties were investigated in order to quantify the impact of such antenna on the luminescent or relaxometric properties of the complexes. The spectroscopic properties of the targeted ligands and metal complexes have been studied using UV-Vis absorption and fluorescence spectrocopies. While the zinc complex formed with HL1 possesses a moderate quantum yield of 5%, complexation of Cu2+ led to an extinction of the luminescence putatively attributed to a photo-induced electron transfer, as supported by spectroscopic and electrochemical evidences. The [Mn(L2)]+ complex is characterized by a fluorescence quantum yield close to 8% in CH2Cl2. The potential interest of such systems as bimodal probes has been assessed from radiolabeling experiments conducted on HL1 and 64Cu2+ as well as confocal microscopy analyses and from relaxometric studies carried out on the cationic [Mn(L2)]+ complex. These results showed that HL1 can be used for radiolabeling, with a radiochemical conversion of 40% in 15 min at 100 °C. Finally, the relaxivity values obtained for [Mn(L2)]+, r1p = 4.80 mM-1·s-1 and r2p = 8.72 mM-1·s-1, make the Mn(II) complex an ideal candidate as a probe for Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

6.
Chemistry ; 25(67): 15387-15400, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479536

RESUMO

H2 cb-te2pa, a cross-bridged cyclam functionalized by two picolinate arms, was used for the formation of an incredible inert InIII chelate. The inertness of the complex was evaluated by UV/Vis experiments in several competitive media and was highlighted by the comparison with [In(dota)]- and [In(dtpa)]2- (H4 dota = 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid, H5 dtpa = diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid), which are currently used in biological applications. For the first time, a bifunctional analogue of H2 cb-te2pa was prepared by C-functionalization to keep its coordination properties intact. However, this strategy leads to the formation of two diastereoisomers as evidenced and studied by NMR experiments and DFT calculations. Kinetic studies proved nevertheless that both isomers of the complex are equally inert. They were therefore used without distinction for their covalent grafting on polystyrene beads. The so-called metal-encoded beads were tested for imaging mass cytometry. The detection of 115 In allows the generation of images with high quality, proving the great potential of the bifunctional [In(cb-te2pa)]+ derivatives for single-cell analysis by mass cytometry.

8.
Inorg Chem ; 57(12): 6932-6945, 2018 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29846067

RESUMO

We report a detailed characterization of lanthanide complexes with two azaligands based on the pyclen macrocycle containing two picolinate and one acetate pendant arms. The two picolinate arms are attached to either opposite (L3) or adjacent (L4) amine nitrogen atoms of the macrocyclic platform. The X-ray structures of the Yb3+ complexes show nine coordination of the ligand to the metal ion, a situation that is also observed for EuL4 in the solid state. The EuL3 complex forms centrosymmetric dimers in the solid state joined by µ2-η1:η1 carboxylate groups, which results in 10-coordinate Eu3+ ions. The emission spectra of EuL3 measured in H2O and D2O solution reveal the presence of a hydration equilibrium involving a nine-coordinate species lacking inner-sphere water molecules and a monohydrated 10-coordinate species. The Eu3+ complexes present modest emission quantum yields in buffered aqueous solution (Φ = 16 and 22% for EuL3 and EuL4, 0.1 M tris buffer, pH 7.4), while the corresponding Tb3+ complexes present very high emission quantum yields under the same conditions (∼90%). 1H NMR studies show that the complexes of L3 present a fluxional behavior in D2O solution, while those of L4 are more rigid. The analysis of the Yb3+-induced NMR shifts of YbL4 indicates that the complex presents a structure in solution similar to that observed in the solid state. The Gd3+ complexes present very high thermodynamic stability constants (log KGdL = 23.56(2) and 23.44(2) for GdL3 and GdL4, respectively). The corresponding pGd values (pGd = -log[Gd3+]free with cL = 1 × 10-5 M and cGd = 1 × 10-6 at pH 7.4) of 20.69 (GdL3) and 21.83 (GdL4) are higher than that of Gd(dota)- (pGd = 19.21). The Gd3+ complexes also show remarkable inertness with respect to their proton-assisted dissociation, with dissociation half-life times of 50 min (GdL3) and 20 h (GdL4) in 1 M HCl.

10.
Chemistry ; 24(33): 8447-8452, 2018 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29611877

RESUMO

Targeting copper ions to either remove or redistribute them is currently viewed as a possible therapeutic strategy in the context of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thermodynamic parameters, as for instance the copper(II) affinity of the drug candidate or the copper(II) over zinc(II) selectivity, are considered in the design of the drug candidate. In contrast, kinetic factors have been overlooked despite their probable high importance. In the present article, we use a series of azamacrocyclic ligands to demonstrate that kinetic issues must be taken into account when designing copper-targeting drug candidates in the context of AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Aza/química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Cobre/química , Zinco/química , Humanos , Cinética , Ligantes , Termodinâmica
11.
Inorg Chem ; 57(4): 2051-2063, 2018 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29400452

RESUMO

We report the synthesis of two azaligands based on the pyclen macrocyclic platform containing two picolinate and one acetate pendant arms. The two ligands differ in the relative positions of the pendant functions, which are arranged either in a symmetrical (L3) or nonsymmetrical (L4) fashion. The complexation properties of the ligands toward natY3+ and 90Y3+ were investigated to assess their potential as chelating units for radiopharmaceutical applications. The X-ray structures of the YL3 and YL4 complexes show nonadentate binding of the ligand to the metal ions. A multinuclear 1H, 13C, and 89Y NMR study shows that the complexes present a structure in solution similar to that observed in the solid state. The two complexes present very high thermodynamic stability constants (log KYL = 23.36(2) and 23.07(2) for YL3 and YL4, respectively). The complexes also show a remarkable inertness with respect to their proton-assisted dissociation, especially YL4. 90Y radiolabeling was proved to be efficient under mild conditions. The 90YL3 and 90YL4 radiochelates were found to be more stable than 90Y(DOTA).


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/química , Ácidos Picolínicos/química , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/química , Ítrio/química , Partículas beta , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Ligantes , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/síntese química
12.
Chemistry ; 24(13): 3127-3131, 2018 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29243854

RESUMO

The geometric features of two pyclen-based ligands possessing identical donor atoms but different site organization have a profound impact in their complexation properties toward lanthanide ions. The ligand containing two acetate groups and a picolinate arm arranged in a symmetrical fashion (L1) forms a Gd3+ complex being two orders of magnitude less stable than its dissymmetric analogue GdL2. Besides, GdL1 experiences a much faster dissociation following the acid-catalyzed mechanism than GdL2. On the contrary, GdL1 exhibits a lower exchange rate of the coordinated water molecule compared to GdL2. These very different properties are related to different strengths of the Gd-ligand bonds associated to steric effects, which hinder the coordination of a water molecule in GdL2 and the binding of acetate groups in GdL1.


Assuntos
Elementos da Série dos Lantanídeos/uso terapêutico , Catálise , Meios de Contraste/química , Gadolínio/química , Gadolínio/uso terapêutico , Cinética , Elementos da Série dos Lantanídeos/química , Ligantes , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Ácidos Picolínicos/química , Termodinâmica , Água/química
13.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 53(69): 9534-9537, 2017 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28808725

RESUMO

Thanks to a smart regiospecific N-functionalization, a pyclen based ligand bearing one picolinate and two acetate arms organized in a dissymmetric manner was synthesized for Y3+ complexation, and compared to its symmetric analogue. The nature of the capping bonds around the metal coordination environment has a dramatic effect on the properties of the chelate, the natY3+ and 90Y3+ dissymmetric derivatives presenting enhanced thermodynamic stability and kinetic inertness.

14.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 53(44): 6005-6008, 2017 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28516180

RESUMO

An Yb(iii) complex based on a dimethyl cyclen macrocyclic ligand functionalized by charge transfer antennae was prepared. This cationic [YbL3]+ complex is stable and soluble in water and presents interesting photophysical nonlinear properties. It is spontaneously internalized and accumulates in live cells. High quality images have been obtained both in a classical NIR-to-vis configuration and in the more challenging NIR-to-NIR one.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Imagem Óptica , Fótons , Itérbio/química , Cátions/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular , Humanos , Raios Infravermelhos , Conformação Molecular
15.
Inorg Chem ; 55(16): 8003-12, 2016 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27486673

RESUMO

The Y(3+) complex of PCTMB, the tri-n-butyl phosphonate ester of pyclen (3,6,9,15-tetraazabicyclo[9.3.1]pentadeca-1(15),11,13-triene), was synthesized as well as its Ho(3+) and Lu(3+) analogues. X-ray diffraction analyses revealed isomorphous dimeric M2(PCTMB)2·9H2O (M = Y, Ho, Lu) structures that crystallize in the centrosymmetric P1̅ triclinic space group. (1)H NMR and UV studies in aqueous solutions indicated that Y(3+) complexation is fast, being quantitative in 167 min at pH 3.8 and in 13 min at pH 5.5 (25 °C, acetate buffer, I = 0.150 M, [Y(3+)] = [PCTMB] = 0.2 mM). (1)H NMR DOSY and photon correlation spectroscopy experiments evidenced the formation of aggregates in chloroform with a bimodal distribution that changes slightly with concentration (11-24 and 240-258 nm). The behavior of the acid-assisted dissociation of the complex of Y(3+) with PCTMB was studied under pseudo-first-order conditions, and the half-life of the [Y(PCTMB)] complex in 0.5 M HCl at 25 °C was found to be 37 min, a value that decreases to 2.6 min in 5 M HCl. The Y(3+) complex of PCTMB is thermodynamically very stable, with a stability constant of log KY-PCTMB = 19.49 and pY = 16.7 measured by potentiometry. (90)Y complexation studies revealed fast radiolabeling kinetics; optimal radiolabeling conditions were obtained for (90)Y in acetate medium, PCTMB at 10(-4) to 10(-2) M in acetate buffer pH = 4.75, 15 min at 45-60 °C. In vitro stability studies in human serum showed that [(90)Y(PCTMB)] is quite stable, with about 90% of the activity still in the form of the radiotracer at 24 h and 80% from 48 h to 72 h. A comparison with other ligands such as PCTA, DOTA, and DTPA already used for in vivo application shows that [(90)Y(PCTMB)] is an interesting lipophilic and neutral analogue of these reference chelates for therapeutic applications in aqueous and nonaqueous media.


Assuntos
Quelantes/química , Organofosfonatos/química , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/química , Radioterapia/métodos , Ítrio/química , Compostos Azabicíclicos/química , Quelantes/síntese química , Técnicas de Química Sintética , Cristalografia por Raios X , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Humanos , Marcação por Isótopo , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Organofosfonatos/síntese química , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/sangue , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/síntese química , Soro , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Termodinâmica , Radioisótopos de Ítrio/química
16.
Inorg Chem ; 55(14): 7020-5, 2016 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27367598

RESUMO

An original cationic water-soluble cyclen-based Eu(III) complex [EuL(1)](+) featuring a chromophore-functionalized antenna to increase the two-photon (2P) absorption properties was synthesized. The photophysical properties were thoroughly studied in various solvents and rationalized with the help of theoretical calculations. The complex exhibits an optimized 2P absorption cross section. Finally, 2P microscopy imaging experiments on living T24 human cancer cells highlighted the spontaneous internalization and the biological stability of this 2P bioprobe in vitro. Macrocyclic-based antennas open new perspectives for future optimization of the photophysical properties and allows envisaging the design of Eu, Tb, Yb, and Sm bioprobes. This result also opens the way for the design of functional two-photon Ln complexes able to monitor intracellular physicochemical parameters.


Assuntos
Elementos da Série dos Lantanídeos/metabolismo , Sondas Moleculares/metabolismo , Cátions , Microscopia/métodos
17.
Dalton Trans ; 45(17): 7406-20, 2016 05 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27041505

RESUMO

A tacn based ligand bearing two methylthiazolyl arms (no2th) was synthesized with the aim to find ligands forming very stable and inert complexes with Cu(ii) and Cu(i) in aqueous medium for radiopharmaceutical applications. The no2th ligand was efficiently prepared following the orthoamide intermediate synthesis. The complexes with Cu(2+) and Zn(2+) were obtained and analyzed by X-ray diffraction. The [Cu(no2th)](2+) complex presents a pentacoordinated distorted square pyramidal coordination geometry, while the metal ion in [Zn(no2th)](2+) adopts a hexacoordinated distorted trigonal prismatic geometry involving the coordination of a perchlorate counter ion. The acid-base properties of no2th have been studied using potentiometric titrations, and the stability constants of Cu(2+) and Zn(2+) complexes were determined by potentiometric and UV-vis titrations using H4edta as a competitor ligand. The stability constant determined for the Cu(2+) complex is rather high (log KCuL = 20.77 and pCu = 17.15), and moreover no2th exhibits a high selectivity for copper(ii) in relation to zinc(ii). The kinetics of the copper(ii) complexation process is very fast even in acidic medium. In addition, the [Cu(no2th)](2+) complex was found to be inert under rather harsh conditions (up to 2 M HCl and 60 °C), displaying a very high half-life time of about 15 days in 2 M HCl at 90 °C. The electrochemical reduction of the copper(ii) complex in water leads to the reversible formation of a stable copper(i) species. Spectroscopic studies performed by NMR, UV-vis and EPR, assisted by theoretical calculations, show that the [Cu(no2th)](2+) complex presents a structure in solution similar to that observed in the solid state. When compared to its cyclam di-N-methylthiazolyl counterpart, the results reported in this paper unambiguously show that replacing the cyclam unit by a tacn moiety improves the stability and inertness of its Cu(ii) and Cu(i) complexes.

18.
Inorg Chem ; 55(2): 619-32, 2016 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26700420

RESUMO

Aiming to develop new copper chelates for application in nuclear medicine we report two new chelators, te1th and te2th, based on a cyclam backbone mono-N- or di-N1,N8-functionalized by methylthiazolyl arms. The acid-base properties of both ligands were investigated as well as their coordination chemistry, especially with Cu(2+), when possible in aqueous solution and in the solid state. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction structures of complexes were determined. Stability constants of the copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes showed that the complexes of both ligands with Cu(2+) are thermodynamically very stable, and they exhibit an important selectivity for Cu(2+) over Zn(2+). The kinetic inertness in acidic medium of both copper(II) complexes was evaluated revealing a quite good resistance to dissociation (the half-life times of complexes with te1th and te2th are 50.8 and 5.8 min, respectively, in 5 M HCl and 30 °C). The coordination geometry of the metal center in the complexes was established in aqueous solution based on UV-visible, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy, DFT studies, and NMR by using the zinc(II) complex analogues. The [Cu(te1th)](2+) and [Cu(te2th)](2+) complexes adopt trans-I and trans-III configurations both in the solid state and in solution, while the [Zn(te2th)](2+) complex crystallizes as the cis-V isomer but exists in solution as a mixture of trans-III and cis-V forms. Cyclic voltammetry experiments in acetonitrile point to a relatively easy reduction of [Cu(te2th)](2+) in acetonitrile solution (Epc = -0.41 V vs NHE), but the reduced complex does not undergo dissociation in the time scale of our electrochemical experiments. The results obtained in these studies revealed that despite the limited solubility of its copper(II) chelate, te2th is an attractive chelator for Cu(2+) that provides a fast complexation process while forming a complex with a rather high thermodynamic stability and kinetic inertness with respect to dissociation even upon electrochemical reduction.


Assuntos
Cobre/química , Lactamas Macrocíclicas/química , Tiazóis/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Eletroquímica , Espectroscopia de Ressonância de Spin Eletrônica , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Modelos Moleculares , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta
19.
Inorg Chem ; 54(14): 7045-57, 2015 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26146022

RESUMO

The complexation properties toward Pb(2+) and Bi(3+) of the macrocyclic ligands 6,6'-((1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,7-diyl)bis(methylene))dipicolinic acid (H2do2pa) and 6,6'-((4,10-dimethyl-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,7-diyl)bis(methylene))dipicolinic acid (H2Me-do2pa) have been investigated. A new three-step synthesis of H2do2pa following the bisaminal methodology has also been developed. The X-ray structures of [Pb(Me-do2pa)]·6H2O and [Bi(Me-do2pa)](NO3)·H2O show that the two metal ions are eight-coordinated by the ligand. The two complexes exist as the racemic Δ(δδδδ)/Λ(λλλλ) mixture both in the solid state and in solution, as indicated by NMR and DFT studies. The stability constants of the lead(II) and bismuth(III) complexes of the two ligands were determined in 0.5 M KCl using potentiometric and spectrophotometric techniques. The stability constants determined for the complexes of Pb(2+) are relatively high (log KML = 16.44 and 18.44 for H2do2pa and H2Me-do2pa, respectively) and exceptionally high for the complexes of Bi(3+) (log KML = 32.0 and 34.2 for H2do2pa and H2Me-do2pa, respectively). The [Pb(Me-do2pa)] complex presents rather fast formation and very good kinetic inertness toward transchelation. Additionally, the [Bi(Me-do2pa)](+) complex was found to present a remarkably fast complexation rate (full complexation in ∼2 min at pH 5.0, acetate buffer) and a very good kinetic inertness with respect to metal ion dissociation (half-life of 23.9 min in 1 M HCl), showing promise for potential applications in α-radioimmunotherapy.


Assuntos
Bismuto/química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Compostos Heterocíclicos/química , Chumbo/química , Ácidos Picolínicos/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Ligantes , Modelos Moleculares
20.
Dalton Trans ; 44(11): 5017-31, 2015 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25666267

RESUMO

In this study we present the results of the equilibrium, dissociation kinetics, DFT and X-ray crystallographic studies performed on the complexes of metal ions of biomedical importance (Mn(2+), Cu(2+) and Gd(3+)) formed with octadentate ligands based on a cyclen platform incorporating two picolinate pendant arms (dodpa(2-) and Medodpa(2-)). The stability constants of the complexes were accessed by multiple methods (pH-potentiometry, direct and competition UV-vis spectrophotometry and (1)H-relaxometry). The stability constants of the complexes formed with dodpa(2-) and Medodpa(2-) do not differ significantly (e.g. log K[Mn(dodpa)] = 17.40 vs. log K[Mn(Medodpa)] = 17.46, log K[Cu(dodpa)] = 24.34-25.17 vs. log K[Cu(Medodpa)] = 24.74 and log K[Gd(dodpa)](+) = 17.27 vs. log K[Gd(Medodpa)](+) = 17.59), which indicates that the steric hindrance brought by the methyl groups has no significant effect on the stability of the complexes. The stability constants of the Mn(2+) complexes formed with the cyclen dipicolinates were found to be ca. 3 log K units higher than those determined for the complex of the cyclen monopicolinate (dompa(-)), which indicates that the second picolinate moiety attached to the backbone of the macrocycle is very likely coordinated to the Mn(2+) ion. However, the stability of the [Cu(dodpa)] and [Cu(Medodpa)] complexes agrees well with the stability constant of [Cu(dompa)](+), in line with the hexadentate coordination around the metal ion observed in the X-ray structure of [Cu(Medodpa)]. The [Gd(dodpa)](+) and [Gd(Medodpa)](+) complexes display a fairly high kinetic inertness, as the rate constants of acid catalysed dissociation (k1 = 2.5(4) × 10(-3) and 8.3(4) × 10(-4) M(-1) s(-1) for [Gd(dodpa)](+) and [Gd(Medodpa)](+), respectively) are smaller than the value reported for [Gd(do3a)] (k1 = 2.5 × 10(-2) M(-1) s(-1)). The [Mn(dodpa)] complex was found to be more inert than [Mn(Medodpa)]. The results of the diffusion-ordered NMR spectroscopy (DOSY) and DFT calculations of diamagnetic [La(dodpa)](+) and [Lu(dodpa)](+) complexes indicate the formation of a trinuclear entity of the La complex in aqueous solution.


Assuntos
Compostos Heterocíclicos/química , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Ácidos Picolínicos/química , Catálise , Cobre/química , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Cinética , Elementos da Série dos Lantanídeos/química , Ligantes , Manganês/química , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Teoria Quântica , Água/química
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