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1.
Ann Ital Chir ; 72018 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30739886

RESUMO

Internal hernias of the abdomen are uncommun. They represent less than 1% of bowel obstruction cases. The left paraduodenal hernia is the most frequent type of internal hernias. We report a case of 77 year-old woman consulting for bowel obstruction evolving since two days. The abdominal computed tomography revealed a retroperitoneal small bowel contained in a peritoneal sac. The surgical exploration confirmed the diagnosis of a left internal paraduodenal hernia by showing incarcerated jejunal loops in a paraduodenal hernia through a narrow opening to the left of the angle of Treitz. A surgical reduction of the hernia and closure of the hernia neck were performed. The follow-ups were uncomplicated. Through this observation and a literature review, we try to recall the clinical and radiological characteristics of this disease and to clarify the therapeutic modalities. KEY WORDS: Computer tomography Internal hernia, Paraduodenal hernia, Small bowel obstruction.


Assuntos
Hérnia/complicações , Obstrução Intestinal/etiologia , Doenças do Jejuno/etiologia , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Duodeno , Feminino , Hérnia/diagnóstico por imagem , Herniorrafia , Humanos , Obstrução Intestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Obstrução Intestinal/cirurgia , Doenças do Jejuno/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças do Jejuno/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
2.
Indian J Surg ; 77(2): 159-60, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26139975

RESUMO

Intussusception is a well-known cause of acute abdomen in the pediatric population. Traumatic intussusception is exceedingly rare, with only 22 cases reported in the English language literature. We report a case of jejunojejunal intussusception that happened after blunt trauma to the abdomen in a 10-year-old boy. The patient presented with clinical presentation of small-bowel obstruction. Through this case and brief review of the literature, we try to focus on the etiology of this rare condition, the clinical particularities, and treatment modalities.

3.
Indian J Surg ; 77(Suppl 2): 515-9, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26730056

RESUMO

Hydatid disease is a parasitic infection caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Splenic involvement is rare even in endemic areas. The aim of this study is to specify epidemiologic features, diagnostic tools, and therapeutic modalities of this uncommon entity. This is a retrospective study of 21 patients operated on for a splenic hydatid cyst between January 1996 and December 2011. The mean age was 43.8 years (range 15-72 years). Sixteen patients (76.2 %) had symptoms related to a splenic location of hydatid disease. While splenic hydatid disease was solitary in 8 patients (38.1 %), other locations were present in 13 patients (61.9 %), mainly in the liver. Most splenic cysts were type I (39.3 %) or III (42.8 %). Nine patients (42.8 %) underwent resection of the protruding dome with one postoperative complication (suppuration of residual cavity). Total and partial splenectomies were performed in nine and three patients, respectively, without any complication. No death was noted. After a mean follow-up period of 36 months (range 2-108 months), no recurrence was observed. Splenic hydatid cyst is a rare location. The diagnostic is usually easy, based on serology and imaging. The surgery is the mainstay of treatment. The type of surgical procedure depends on size, number, and location of the cyst. Total splenectomy is more effective but may have high morbidity and mortality and must be reserved to specific situations. Conservative procedure is safer but could increase the rate of recurrence and postoperative collection. Puncture aspiration injection reaspiration could be proposed for small cyst in inoperable patients.

5.
Tunis Med ; 92(7): 482-7, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25775288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The colostomy may be terminal or lateral, temporary or permanent. It may have psychological, medical or surgical complications. AIM: reporting the incidence of surgical complications of colostomies, their therapeutic management and trying to identify risk factors for their occurrence. METHODS: A retrospective study for a period of 5 years in general surgery department, Habib Bourguiba hospital, Sfax, including all patients operated with confection of a colostomy. Were then studied patients reoperated for stoma complication. RESULTS: Among the 268 patients who have had a colostomy, 19 patients (7%) developed surgical stoma complications. They had a mean age of 59 years, a sex ratio of 5.3 and a 1-ASA score in 42% of cases. It was a prolapse in 9 cases (reconfection of the colostomy: 6 cases, restoration of digestive continuity: 3 cases), a necrosis in 5 cases (reconfection of the colostomy), a plicature in 2 cases (reconfection of the colostomy) a peristomal abscess in 2 cases (reconfection of the colostomy: 1 case, restoration of digestive continuity: 1 case) and a strangulated parastomal hernia in 1 case (herniorrhaphy). The elective incision and the perineal disease were risk factors for the occurrence of prolapse stomial. CONCLUSION: Surgical complications of colostomies remain a rare event. Prolapse is the most common complication, and it is mainly related to elective approach. Reoperation is often required especially in cases of early complications, with usually uneventful postoperative course.


Assuntos
Colostomia/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Tunis Med ; 91(10): 565-72, 2013 Oct.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24281995

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ogilvie's syndrome is acute colonic dilatation without organic obstacle in a previously healthy colon. Surgery is the only treatment of cases complicated by necrosis or perforation. In contrast, treatment of uncomplicated forms is not unanimous, and is the subject of this literature review. AIMS: Determine the results of different therapeutic methods of uncomplicated forms of Ogilvie's syndrome in terms of efficiency of removal of colonic distension, recurrence, morbidity and mortality. Clarify their respective indications. METHODS: An electronic literature search in the "MEDLINE" database, supplemented by hand searching on the reference lists of articles, was conducted for the period between 1980 and 2012. RESULTS: Conservative treatment is effective in 53 to 96% of cases with a risk of colonic perforation less than 2.5% and a mortality of 0 to 14% % (level of evidence 4, recommendation grade C). Neostigmine is effective in 64 to 91% of cases after a first dose, with a risk of recurrence of 0 to 38%. It remains effective in 40 to 100% of cases after a second dose (evidence level 2, grade recommendation B). Endoscopic decompression is a safe and effective technique with a success rate of 61 to 100% at the first attempt , a recurrence rate of 0 to 50%, a rate of colonic perforation less than 5% and a mortality less than 5% (level evidence 4, recommendation grade C). PEG may be recommended for the prevention of recurrence of the ACPO after successful treatment with neostigmine or endoscopic decompression (evidence level 2, recommendation grade B). The cecostomy is more effective and safer than conventional colostomy (level of evidence 4, recommendation grade C). The cecostomy is highly effective in colonic decompression but associated with a high mortality (level of evidence 4, recommendation grade C). CONCLUSION: Conservative treatment is recommended in first intention. In case of failure, neostigmine should be tried. If unsuccessful, the endoscopic decompression is proposed. The cecostomy is indicated as a last resort after failure of endoscopic decompression.


Assuntos
Pseudo-Obstrução do Colo/terapia , Doença Aguda , Cecostomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Pseudo-Obstrução do Colo/complicações , Pseudo-Obstrução do Colo/epidemiologia , Colonoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Endoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Perfuração Intestinal/complicações , Perfuração Intestinal/epidemiologia , Perfuração Intestinal/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Ann Ital Chir ; 84(2): 165-70, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23697975

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pancreatic localization of hydatid disease is atypical and extremely rare; it accounts for less than 1% of cases. Preoperative diagnosis may be difficult regarding the absence of clinical or radiological signs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We report a retrospective study of twelve cases of hydatid cyst of the pancreas over a period of 30 years (1980 to 2010). By means of our study we try to clarify clinical manifestation, radiological features and therapeutic modalities. RESULTS: The twelve patients consisted on eight men and four women with an average age of 25.8 years. Abdominal pain was the most frequent clinical signs. Jaundice was noted in 4 cases and abdominal mass in 2 cases. Hydatid serology, practiced in 7 cases was positive in 6 cases. Abdominal ultrasound, practiced in 11 cases, completed in 7 cases by abdominal computed tomography (CT), showed cystic lesions in 10 cases, in 7 cases the cystic lesion was dependent of the pancreas. All patients were operated by median laparotomy. Partial cystectomy was performed in six cases, cystic punture in one case, pancreaticoduodenectomy one case, distal spleno pancreatectomy in 2 cases, distal pancreatectomy in one case and trans-duodenal puncture of the cyst in 2 cases with pancreatico-duodenal anastomosis in one case. CONCLUSION: Hydatid cyst of the pancreas is extremely rare even in endemic countries, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of cystic lesions of the pancreas. Ultrasound and CT coupled with hydatid serology could be helpful for the diagnosis. Surgery remains the treatment of choice in pancreatic hydatid cysts.


Assuntos
Equinococose , Pâncreas , Equinococose/cirurgia , Humanos , Pancreatectomia , Pancreatopatias , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Ann Ital Chir ; 84(ePub): 1-3, 2013 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23416311

RESUMO

Gallbladder tuberculosis is an exceedingly rare disease. A correct preoperative diagnosis of Gallbladder tuberculosis is difficult, and it may be confused with different gallbladder diseases. We present a new case of a patient who underwent surgery with the preoperative diagnosis of cholelithiasis. Diagnosis of gallbladder tuberculosis was obtained with the histological examination of the frozen section.


Assuntos
Doenças da Vesícula Biliar/microbiologia , Tuberculose , Idoso , Colelitíase/diagnóstico , Erros de Diagnóstico , Feminino , Doenças da Vesícula Biliar/diagnóstico , Doenças da Vesícula Biliar/cirurgia , Humanos , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Tuberculose/cirurgia
9.
Indian J Surg ; 75(Suppl 1): 224-6, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24426572

RESUMO

Strangulation of an acute rectal prolapse is a rather unusual entity that represents a surgical emergency. We describe an extremely rare case of recurred, incarcerated, and strangulated acute rectal prolapse. The patient underwent emergency perineal rectosigmoidectomy (the Altemeier operation). The postoperative course was uncomplicated with an excellent final result.

11.
Updates Surg ; 64(4): 311-4, 2012 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21983876

RESUMO

The pancreatic teratoma is a congenital tumor which results from abnormal embryonic development of totipotent cells. The preoperative diagnosis is challenging. We report, to our knowledge, the 26th case in a 64-year-old man in whom the diagnosis was made preoperatively on imaging.


Assuntos
Pâncreas/patologia , Pancreatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Teratoma/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pâncreas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Teratoma/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
14.
Tunis Med ; 89(4): 355-9, 2011 Apr.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21484685

RESUMO

AIM: To assess the feasibility and the advantages of the coelioscopy in the treatment of the acute cholecystitis. METHODS: From January 1996 to December 2001, 106 laparoscopic cholecystectomies for acute cholecystitis have been collected. The diagnosis of acute cholecystitis has been confirmed for all cases by the pathologic exam. RESULTS: These 106 cases represent 12.4% of the set of the laparoscopic cholecystectomies practiced during the same period of survey. They are 78 women and 28 men. The mean age was 51.7 years. Eight patients (7.6%) presented an elevated operative risk (ASA III). The diagnosis of acute cholecystitis has been kept before operation in 45.3% of the cases. Major or minor intraoperative incidents have been observed in 18.9% of the cases. The rate of conversion was 17%. The reasons are dominated by the difficulties of dissection in 10 cases (55.5%) and hemorragea in 6 cases. The research of the predictive factors of conversion found 5 factors, the hyperleucocytosis, the operative delay superior to 72 hours, the adhesions around the gallbladder, the gangrenous gallbladder and the pediculitis. The post operative mortality was nul. The morbidity rate was 12.3%. Among the 13 patients who had postoperative complications, 8 were after conversion. CONCLUSION: These results showed that the laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis is an effective and good alternative with acceptable morbidity that should decrease with learning curve.


Assuntos
Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/métodos , Colecistite/cirurgia , Doença Aguda , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/efeitos adversos , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
N Am J Med Sci ; 2(5): 238-40, 2010 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22574296

RESUMO

CONTEXT: To report a rare case of spontaneous rupture of an infected renal cyst into the peritoneal cavity. CASE REPORT: We report a case of 66-year old man with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and kidney dialysis who had suffered from intestinal obstruction and peritoneal syndrome for 2 days associated with purulent urine. An exploratory laparotomy found multiple hepatic cysts and bilaterally enlarged polycystic kidneys. We noted left renal cyst infected and ruptured into the peritoneal cavity causing general peritonitis. The patient died from septic shock and hemodynamic failure. CONCLUSION: The peritoneal rupture of infected renal cyst is an exceptional and serious complication of polycystic kidney disease. Medical and surgical treatments are urgent to prevent lethal complications.

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