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1.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 144(4): 897-905, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31419546

RESUMO

Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) represents the most lethal form of primary immunodeficiency, with mortality rates of greater than 90% within the first year of life without treatment. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and gene therapy are the only curative treatments available, and the best-known prognostic factors for success are age at diagnosis, age at hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and the comorbidities that develop in between. There are no evidence-based guidelines for standardized clinical care for patients with SCID during the time between diagnosis and definitive treatment, and we aim to generate a consensus management strategy on the supportive care of patients with SCID. First, we gathered available information about SCID diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines, then we developed a document including diagnostic and therapeutic interventions, and finally we submitted the interventions for expert consensus through a modified Delphi technique. Interventions are grouped in 10 topic domains, including 123 "agreed" and 38 "nonagreed" statements. This document intends to standardize supportive clinical care of patients with SCID from diagnosis to definitive treatment, reduce disease burden, and ultimately improve prognosis, particularly in countries where newborn screening for SCID is not universally available and delayed diagnosis is the rule. Our work intends to provide a tool not only for immunologists but also for primary care physicians and other specialists involved in the care of patients with SCID.

2.
Curr Opin Pediatr ; 30(6): 821-828, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30407975

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A comparative description of dysregulatory syndromes with mutations in signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) genes. RECENT FINDINGS: STAT 1, 3 and 5b loss of function (LOF) and gain of function (GOF) mutations are a heterogeneous group of genetic disorders that range from immunodeficiency (ID) to autoimmune disease (AID), depending on the underlying signalling pathway defect. Between them, there are clear overlapping and differences in clinical presentation and laboratory findings. SUMMARY: Dysregulatory syndromes due to LOF and GOF mutations in STAT1, 3 and 5b are a particular group of primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) in which AID may be the predominant finding in addition to infections susceptibility. STAT1 GOF mutations were described as the major cause of chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis, while activating STAT3 mutations result in early-onset multiorgan autoimmunity and ID. Human STAT5b deficiency is a rare disease that also involves ID and severe growth failure. In recent years, the identification of the genes involved in these disorders allowed to differentiate these overlapping syndromes in order to choose the most effective therapeutic options.

3.
Front Immunol ; 9: 1429, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29988287

RESUMO

Natural killer (NK) cells play a pivotal role during immunity against viruses and circumstantial evidence also indicates that they can protect the host against developing tumors. Peripheral blood NK cells comprise CD56brightCD16lo/- cells that constitutively express CD25 (IL-2Rα) and CD56dimCD16hi cells that express CD25 upon activation. Using NK cells from two patients, one with a primary immunodeficiency characterized by a homozygous mutation in CD25 (born in year 2007 and studied since she was 3 years old) and one with a homozygous mutation in STAT5b (born in year 1992 and studied since she was 10 years old), we observed that the absence of IL-2 signaling through CD25 promotes the accumulation of CD56brightCD16high NK cells, and that CD56brightCD16lo, CD56brightCD16high, and CD56dimCD16high NK cells of this patient exhibited higher content of perforin and granzyme B, and proliferation capacity, compared to healthy donors. Also, CD56bright and CD56dim NK cells of this patient exhibited a reduced IFN-γ production in response to cytokine stimulation and increased degranulation against K562 cells. Also, the CD25-deficient patient presented a lower frequency of terminally differentiated NK cells in the CD56dimCD16hi NK subpopulation compared to the HD (assessed by CD57 and CD94 expression). Remarkably, CD56dimCD16high NK cells from both patients exhibited notoriously higher expression of CD62L compared to HD, suggesting that in the absence of IL-2 signaling through CD25 and STAT5b, NK cells fail to properly downregulate CD62L during their transition from CD56brightCD16lo/- to CD56dimCD16hi cells. Thus, we provide the first demonstration about the in vivo requirement of the integrity of the IL-2/CD25/STAT5b axis for proper human NK cell maturation.

4.
Mol Cell Endocrinol ; 473: 166-177, 2018 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29378236

RESUMO

Germinal heterozygous activating STAT3 mutations represent a novel monogenic defect associated with multi-organ autoimmune disease and, in some cases, severe growth retardation. By using whole-exome sequencing, we identified two novel STAT3 mutations, p.E616del and p.C426R, in two unrelated pediatric patients with IGF-I deficiency and immune dysregulation. The functional analyses showed that both variants were gain-of-function (GOF), although they were not constitutively phosphorylated. They presented differences in their dephosphorylation kinetics and transcriptional activities under interleukin-6 stimulation. Both variants increased their transcriptional activities in response to growth hormone (GH) treatment. Nonetheless, STAT5b transcriptional activity was diminished in the presence of STAT3 GOF variants, suggesting a disruptive role of STAT3 GOF variants in the GH signaling pathway. This study highlights the broad clinical spectrum of patients presenting activating STAT3 mutations and explores the underlying molecular pathway responsible for this condition, suggesting that different mutations may drive increased activity by slightly different mechanisms.

5.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 141(3): 1060-1073.e3, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28629746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autosomal dominant anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia with immune deficiency (AD EDA-ID) is caused by heterozygous point mutations at or close to serine 32 and serine 36 or N-terminal truncations in IκBα that impair its phosphorylation and degradation and thus activation of the canonical nuclear factor κ light chain enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) pathway. The outcome of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is poor in patients with AD EDA-ID despite achievement of chimerism. Mice heterozygous for the serine 32I mutation in IκBα have impaired noncanonical NF-κB activity and defective lymphorganogenesis. OBJECTIVE: We sought to establish genotype-phenotype correlation in patients with AD EDA-ID. METHODS: A disease severity scoring system was devised. Stability of IκBα mutants was examined in transfected cells. Immunologic, biochemical, and gene expression analyses were performed to evaluate canonical and noncanonical NF-κB signaling in skin-derived fibroblasts. RESULTS: Disease severity was greater in patients with IκBα point mutations than in those with truncation mutations. IκBα point mutants were expressed at significantly higher levels in transfectants compared with truncation mutants. Canonical NF-κB-dependent IL-6 secretion and upregulation of the NF-κB subunit 2/p100 and RELB proto-oncogene, NF-κB subunit (RelB) components of the noncanonical NF-κB pathway were diminished significantly more in patients with point mutations compared with those with truncations. Noncanonical NF-κB-driven generation of the transcriptionally active p100 cleavage product p52 and upregulation of CCL20, intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM1), and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM1), which are important for lymphorganogenesis, were diminished significantly more in LPS plus α-lymphotoxin ß receptor-stimulated fibroblasts from patients with point mutations compared with those with truncations. CONCLUSIONS: IκBα point mutants accumulate at higher levels compared with truncation mutants and are associated with more severe disease and greater impairment of canonical and noncanonical NF-κB activity in patients with AD EDA-ID.

6.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 115(6): 458-461, dic. 2017. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-887414

RESUMO

Antecedentes: Arthrographis kalrae es un hongo hialino de crecimiento lento que, en su desarrollo, forma artroconidios. Es un patógeno oportunista que causa infecciones en personas inmunocomprometidas e inmunocompetentes, y ha sido aislado muy raramente en muestras clínicas de seres humanos. Caso clínico: Se describe el caso de un paciente con inmunodeficiencia primaria y afectación pulmonar con evolución tórpida. Presentó compromiso de ambos pulmones a pesar del tratamiento antibiótico y antifúngico instaurado. Durante su seguimiento, se realizaron múltiples biopsias pulmonares y se aisló A. kalrae en el cultivo de tejido pulmonar. Recibió tratamiento con posaconazol, con buena respuesta y remisión de las lesiones. Conclusión: Este es el primer caso reportado de infección pulmonar por A. kalrae en un paciente pediátrico con enfermedad granulomatosa crónica en Argentina.


Background: Arthrographis kalrae is a hyaline fungus that grows forming arthroconidia. It is an opportunistic pathogen that causes infections in immunocompromised as in immunocompetent people and has been rarely isolated from human clinical samples. Case report: We describe the case of a male child with primary immunodeficiency who initially presented unilateral pneumonia and progressed to bilateral involvement despite antibiotic, antifungal treatment. A. kalrae was diagnosed by pulmonary biopsy. He received posaconazole with resolution of disease. Conclusions: This is the first case of A. kalrae pulmonary infection in a pediatric patient with chronic granulomatous disease in Argentina.

7.
Arch Argent Pediatr ; 115(6): e458-e461, 2017 Dec 01.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29087135

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Arthrographis kalrae is a hyaline fungus that grows forming arthroconidia. It is an opportunistic pathogen that causes infections in immunocompromised as in immunocompetent people and has been rarely isolated from human clinical samples. CASE REPORT: We describe the case of a male child with primary immunodeficiency who initially presented unilateral pneumonia and progressed to bilateral involvement despite antibiotic, antifungal treatment. A. kalrae was diagnosed by pulmonary biopsy. He received posaconazole with resolution of disease. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first case of A. kalrae pulmonary infection in a pediatric patient with chronic granulomatous disease in Argentina.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/complicações , Pneumopatias Fúngicas/microbiologia , Micoses/complicações , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Pneumopatias Fúngicas/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Micoses/tratamento farmacológico , Micoses/microbiologia
8.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 13283, 2017 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29038590

RESUMO

The role of the different lymphocyte populations in liver microenvironment of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients is still matter of debate. Since Th17 and Treg have opposite functions, their balance could affect disease progression. The aim was to explore liver microenvironment and its peripheral blood counterpart in adult CHC patients. CD4+ lymphocytes were predominant in the liver, with high Foxp3+ but low IL-17A+ frequency. IL-17A+ lymphocytes and IL-17A+/Foxp3+ ratio displayed association with advanced fibrosis (p = 0.0130; p = 0.0236, respectively), while Foxp3+ lymphocytes and IL-10 expression level inversely correlated with fibrosis severity (p = 0.0381, p = 0.0398, respectively). TGF-ß/IL-6 ratio correlated with IL-17A+/Foxp3+ ratio (p = 0.0036, r = 0.5944) and with IL-17A+ lymphocytes (p = 0.0093; r = 0.5203). TNF-α and TGF-ß were associated with hepatitis severity (p = 0.0409, p = 0.0321). Peripheral blood lymphocyte frequency was not associated with liver damage. There are functionally different immune cell populations actively involved in liver damage, but the liver cytokine milieu actually drives the pathogenesis. The intrahepatic Foxp3+ lymphocytes predominance beside the low IL-17A+ lymphocytes frequency, delineate a skewed IL-17A+/Foxp3+ balance towards Foxp3+ lymphocytes. However, the IL-17A+ lymphocytes association with advanced fibrosis denotes their role in the pathogenesis. Therefore, the interplay between Th17 and Treg conditions liver fibrogenesis.

9.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 12(1): 167, 2017 10 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29047407

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hereditary recurrent fevers (HRF) are a group of rare monogenic diseases leading to recurrent inflammatory flares. A large number of variants has been described for the four genes associated with the best known HRF, namely MEFV, NLRP3, MVK, TNFRSF1A. The Infevers database ( http://fmf.igh.cnrs.fr/ISSAID/infevers ) is a large international registry collecting variants reported in these genes. However, no genotype-phenotype associations are provided, but only the clinical phenotype of the first patient(s) described for each mutation. The aim of this study is to develop a registry of genotype-phenotype associations observed in patients with HRF, enrolled and validated in the Eurofever registry. RESULTS: Genotype-phenotype associations observed in all the patients with HRF enrolled in the Eurofever registry were retrospectively analyzed. For autosomal dominant diseases (CAPS and TRAPS), all mutations were individually analyzed. For autosomal recessive diseases (FMF and MKD), homozygous and heterozygous combinations were described. Mean age of onset, disease course (recurrent or chronic), mean duration of fever episodes, clinical manifestations associated with fever episodes, atypical manifestations, complications and response to treatment were also studied. Data observed in 751 patients (346 FMF, 133 CAPS, 114 MKD, 158 TRAPS) included in the Eurofever registry and validated by experts were summarized in Tables. A total of 149 variants were described: 46 TNFRSF1A and 27 NLRP3 variants, as well as various combinations of 48 MVK and 28 MEFV variants were available. CONCLUSIONS: We provide a potentially useful tool for physicians dealing with HRF, namely a registry of genotype-phenotype associations for patients enrolled in the Eurofever registry. This tool is complementary to the Infevers database and will be available at the Eurofever and Infevers websites.


Assuntos
Estudos de Associação Genética , Doenças Hereditárias Autoinflamatórias/epidemiologia , Doenças Hereditárias Autoinflamatórias/genética , Sistema de Registros , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Front Immunol ; 8: 685, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28952612

RESUMO

Immunodeficiency-associated vaccine-derived polioviruses (iVDPVs) have been isolated from primary immunodeficiency (PID) patients exposed to oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV). Patients may excrete poliovirus strains for months or years; the excreted viruses are frequently highly divergent from the parental OPV and have been shown to be as neurovirulent as wild virus. Thus, these patients represent a potential reservoir for transmission of neurovirulent polioviruses in the post-eradication era. In support of WHO recommendations to better estimate the prevalence of poliovirus excreters among PIDs and characterize genetic evolution of these strains, 635 patients including 570 with primary antibody deficiencies and 65 combined immunodeficiencies were studied from 13 OPV-using countries. Two stool samples were collected over 4 days, tested for enterovirus, and the poliovirus positive samples were sequenced. Thirteen patients (2%) excreted polioviruses, most for less than 2 months following identification of infection. Five (0.8%) were classified as iVDPVs (only in combined immunodeficiencies and mostly poliovirus serotype 2). Non-polio enteroviruses were detected in 30 patients (4.7%). Patients with combined immunodeficiencies had increased risk of delayed poliovirus clearance compared to primary antibody deficiencies. Usually, iVDPV was detected in subjects with combined immunodeficiencies in a short period of time after OPV exposure, most for less than 6 months. Surveillance for poliovirus excretion among PID patients should be reinforced until polio eradication is certified and the use of OPV is stopped. Survival rates among PID patients are improving in lower and middle income countries, and iVDPV excreters are identified more frequently. Antivirals or enhanced immunotherapies presently in development represent the only potential means to manage the treatment of prolonged excreters and the risk they present to the polio endgame.

11.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 139(4): 1282-1292, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27697500

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: X-linked hyper-IgM syndrome (XHIGM) is a primary immunodeficiency with high morbidity and mortality compared with those seen in healthy subjects. Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) has been considered a curative therapy, but the procedure has inherent complications and might not be available for all patients. OBJECTIVES: We sought to collect data on the clinical presentation, treatment, and follow-up of a large sample of patients with XHIGM to (1) compare long-term overall survival and general well-being of patients treated with or without HCT along with clinical factors associated with mortality and (2) summarize clinical practice and risk factors in the subgroup of patients treated with HCT. METHODS: Physicians caring for patients with primary immunodeficiency diseases were identified through the Jeffrey Modell Foundation, United States Immunodeficiency Network, Latin American Society for Immunodeficiency, and Primary Immune Deficiency Treatment Consortium. Data were collected with a Research Electronic Data Capture Web application. Survival from time of diagnosis or transplantation was estimated by using the Kaplan-Meier method compared with log-rank tests and modeled by using proportional hazards regression. RESULTS: Twenty-eight clinical sites provided data on 189 patients given a diagnosis of XHIGM between 1964 and 2013; 176 had valid follow-up and vital status information. Sixty-seven (38%) patients received HCT. The average follow-up time was 8.5 ± 7.2 years (range, 0.1-36.2 years). No difference in overall survival was observed between patients treated with or without HCT (P = .671). However, risk associated with HCT decreased for diagnosis years 1987-1995; the hazard ratio was significantly less than 1 for diagnosis years 1995-1999. Liver disease was a significant predictor of overall survival (hazard ratio, 4.9; 95% confidence limits, 2.2-10.8; P < .001). Among survivors, those treated with HCT had higher median Karnofsky/Lansky scores than those treated without HCT (P < .001). Among patients receiving HCT, 27 (40%) had graft-versus-host disease, and most deaths occurred within 1 year of transplantation. CONCLUSION: No difference in survival was observed between patients treated with or without HCT across all diagnosis years (1964-2013). However, survivors treated with HCT experienced somewhat greater well-being, and hazards associated with HCT decreased, reaching levels of significantly less risk in the late 1990s. Among patients treated with HCT, treatment at an early age is associated with improved survival. Optimism remains guarded as additional evidence accumulates.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência com Hiper-IgM/mortalidade , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência com Hiper-IgM/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tempo , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 139(3): 900-912.e7, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27554817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CD40 ligand (CD40L) deficiency predisposes to opportunistic infections, including those caused by fungi and intracellular bacteria. Studies of CD40L-deficient patients reveal the critical role of CD40L-CD40 interaction for the function of T, B, and dendritic cells. However, the consequences of CD40L deficiency on macrophage function remain to be investigated. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the effect of CD40L absence on monocyte-derived macrophage responses. METHODS: After observing the improvement of refractory disseminated mycobacterial infection in a CD40L-deficient patient by recombinant human IFN-γ (rhIFN-γ) adjuvant therapy, we investigated macrophage functions from CD40L-deficient patients. We analyzed the killing activity, oxidative burst, cytokine production, and in vitro effects of rhIFN-γ and soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) treatment on macrophages. In addition, the effect of CD40L absence on the macrophage transcriptome before and after rhIFN-γ treatment was studied. RESULTS: Macrophages from CD40L-deficient patients exhibited defective fungicidal activity and reduced oxidative burst, both of which improved in the presence of rhIFN-γ but not sCD40L. In contrast, rhIFN-γ and sCD40L ameliorate impaired production of inflammatory cytokines. Furthermore, rhIFN-γ reversed defective control of Mycobacterium tuberculosis proliferation by patients' macrophages. The absence of CD40L dysregulated the macrophage transcriptome, which was improved by rhIFN-γ. Additionally, rhIFN-γ increased expression levels of pattern recognition receptors, such as Toll-like receptors 1 and 2, dectin 1, and dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule 3-grabbing nonintegrin in macrophages from both control subjects and patients. CONCLUSION: Absence of CD40L impairs macrophage development and function. In addition, the improvement of macrophage immune responses by IFN-γ suggests this cytokine as a potential therapeutic option for patients with CD40L deficiency.


Assuntos
Ligante de CD40/deficiência , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/imunologia , Interferon gama/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Adolescente , Adulto , Células Cultivadas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/metabolismo , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/fisiologia , Masculino , Monócitos/citologia , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Fagocitose , Transcriptoma/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 139(1): 232-245, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27577878

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDDs) are clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorders thus far associated with mutations in more than 300 genes. The clinical phenotypes derived from distinct genotypes can overlap. Genetic etiology can be a prognostic indicator of disease severity and can influence treatment decisions. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the ability of whole-exome screening methods to detect disease-causing variants in patients with PIDDs. METHODS: Patients with PIDDs from 278 families from 22 countries were investigated by using whole-exome sequencing. Computational copy number variant (CNV) prediction pipelines and an exome-tiling chromosomal microarray were also applied to identify intragenic CNVs. Analytic approaches initially focused on 475 known or candidate PIDD genes but were nonexclusive and further tailored based on clinical data, family history, and immunophenotyping. RESULTS: A likely molecular diagnosis was achieved in 110 (40%) unrelated probands. Clinical diagnosis was revised in about half (60/110) and management was directly altered in nearly a quarter (26/110) of families based on molecular findings. Twelve PIDD-causing CNVs were detected, including 7 smaller than 30 Kb that would not have been detected with conventional diagnostic CNV arrays. CONCLUSION: This high-throughput genomic approach enabled detection of disease-related variants in unexpected genes; permitted detection of low-grade constitutional, somatic, and revertant mosaicism; and provided evidence of a mutational burden in mixed PIDD immunophenotypes.


Assuntos
Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Feminino , Genômica , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
14.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 138(1): 241-248.e3, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26936803

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare primary immunodeficiency caused by inborn errors of the phagocyte nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase complex. From the first year of life onward, most affected patients display multiple, severe, and recurrent infections caused by bacteria and fungi. Mycobacterial infections have also been reported in some patients. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the effect of mycobacterial disease in patients with CGD. METHODS: We analyzed retrospectively the clinical features of mycobacterial disease in 71 patients with CGD. Tuberculosis and BCG disease were diagnosed on the basis of microbiological, pathological, and/or clinical criteria. RESULTS: Thirty-one (44%) patients had tuberculosis, and 53 (75%) presented with adverse effects of BCG vaccination; 13 (18%) had both tuberculosis and BCG infections. None of these patients displayed clinical disease caused by environmental mycobacteria, Mycobacterium leprae, or Mycobacterium ulcerans. Most patients (76%) also had other pyogenic and fungal infections, but 24% presented solely with mycobacterial disease. Most patients presented a single localized episode of mycobacterial disease (37%), but recurrence (18%), disseminated disease (27%), and even death (18%) were also observed. One common feature in these patients was an early age at presentation for BCG disease. Mycobacterial disease was the first clinical manifestation of CGD in 60% of these patients. CONCLUSION: Mycobacterial disease is relatively common in patients with CGD living in countries in which tuberculosis is endemic, BCG vaccine is mandatory, or both. Adverse reactions to BCG and severe forms of tuberculosis should lead to a suspicion of CGD. BCG vaccine is contraindicated in patients with CGD.


Assuntos
Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/complicações , Infecções por Mycobacterium/diagnóstico , Infecções por Mycobacterium/etiologia , Vacina BCG/administração & dosagem , Infecções Bacterianas/diagnóstico , Infecções Bacterianas/epidemiologia , Infecções Bacterianas/etiologia , Infecções Bacterianas/mortalidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/epidemiologia , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/mortalidade , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/terapia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Infecções por Mycobacterium/epidemiologia , Infecções por Mycobacterium/mortalidade , Micoses/diagnóstico , Micoses/epidemiologia , Micoses/etiologia , Micoses/mortalidade , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Tuberculose/etiologia
15.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 76(1): 36-9, 2016.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26826992

RESUMO

Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) is an acquired disease that may affect nerve roots and peripheral nerves. Despite its low incidence, diagnosis is particularly important because there are different effective treatments. Human immunoglobulin is one of the mainstays of the treatment. Although there are few studies up to date, subcutaneous immunoglobulin (IgSC) has been proposed as an alternative to intravenous administration with similar efficacy. We present three cases with definite CIDP, classified according to the European Federation of Neurological Societies / Peripheral Nerve, Society (EFNS /PNS) criteria in which was used SCIgG as a treatment after success with the intravenous route. The Overall Neuropathy Limitations Scale (ONLS) was used to estimate the changes in the muscular strength before and after treatment.


Assuntos
Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Imunoglobulinas/uso terapêutico , Polirradiculoneuropatia Desmielinizante Inflamatória Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas/administração & dosagem , Injeções Subcutâneas , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Polirradiculoneuropatia Desmielinizante Inflamatória Crônica/diagnóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 76(1): 36-39, feb. 2016. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-841537

RESUMO

La polineuropatía desmielinizante inflamatoria crónica (CIDP) es una enfermedad adquirida que puede afectar a raíces, plexos y nervios periféricos. A pesar de su baja incidencia, su diagnóstico cobra especial relevancia dado que actualmente existen tratamientos efectivos para la misma. La gammaglobulina humana endovenosa (IVIgG) es, junto con los esteroides y la plasmaféresis, uno de los tratamientos de primera elección. La vía de administración subcutánea se ha propuesto como una alternativa novedosa frente a la administración endovenosa con una eficacia similar. Presentamos tres casos de CIDP definitiva, clasificados según los criterios de la European Federation of Neurological Societies/Peripheral Nerve Society (EFNS/PNS) en los cuales se utilizó tratamiento crónico con inmunoglobulina subcutánea (IgSC). Todos ellos habían recibido tratamiento previo con IVIgG. Se obtuvo mejoría de la fuerza evaluada por Overall Neuropathy Limitations Scale (ONLS) y los tres pacientes manifestaron una mejor adaptación a sus actividades de la vida diaria.


Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) is an acquired disease that may affect nerve roots and peripheral nerves. Despite its low incidence, diagnosis is particularly important because there are different effective treatments. Human immunoglobulin is one of the mainstays of the treatment. Although there are few studies up to date, subcutaneous immunoglobulin (IgSC) has been proposed as an alternative to intravenous administration with similar efficacy. We present three cases with definite CIDP, classified according to the European Federation of Neurological Societies / Peripheral Nerve, Society (EFNS /PNS) criteria in which was used SCIgG as a treatment after success with the intravenous route. The Overall Neuropathy Limitations Scale (ONLS) was used to estimate the changes in the muscular strength before and after treatment.

17.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 62(12): 2101-7, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26185101

RESUMO

AIM: We analyzed data from 71 patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) with a confirmed genetic diagnosis, registered in the online Latin American Society of Primary Immunodeficiencies (LASID) database. RESULTS: Latin American CGD patients presented with recurrent and severe infections caused by several organisms. The mean age at disease onset was 23.9 months, and the mean age at CGD diagnosis was 52.7 months. Recurrent pneumonia was the most frequent clinical condition (76.8%), followed by lymphadenopathy (59.4%), granulomata (49.3%), skin infections (42%), chronic diarrhea (41.9%), otitis (29%), sepsis (23.2%), abscesses (21.7%), recurrent urinary tract infection (20.3%), and osteomyelitis (15.9%). Adverse reactions to bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination were identified in 30% of the studied Latin American CGD cases. The genetic diagnoses of the 71 patients revealed 53 patients from 47 families with heterogeneous mutations in the CYBB gene (five novel mutations: p.W361G, p.C282X, p.W483R, p.R226X, and p.Q93X), 16 patients with the common deletion c.75_76 del.GT in exon 2 of NCF1 gene, and two patients with mutations in the CYBA gene. CONCLUSION: The majority of Latin American CGD patients carry a hemizygous mutation in the CYBB gene. They also presented a wide range of clinical manifestations most frequently bacterial and fungal infections of the respiratory tract, skin, and lymph nodes. Thirty percent of the Latin American CGD patients presented adverse reactions to BCG, indicating that this vaccine should be avoided in these patients.


Assuntos
Doença Granulomatosa Crônica , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Mutação , NADPH Oxidases/genética , Sistema de Registros , Abscesso/epidemiologia , Abscesso/etiologia , Abscesso/genética , Adolescente , Idade de Início , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Diarreia/epidemiologia , Diarreia/etiologia , Diarreia/genética , Feminino , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/complicações , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/epidemiologia , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/genética , Hispano-Americanos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Doenças Linfáticas/epidemiologia , Doenças Linfáticas/etiologia , Doenças Linfáticas/genética , Masculino , NADPH Oxidase 2 , Osteomielite/epidemiologia , Osteomielite/etiologia , Osteomielite/genética , Otite/epidemiologia , Otite/etiologia , Otite/genética , Pneumonia/epidemiologia , Pneumonia/etiologia , Pneumonia/genética , Sepse/epidemiologia , Sepse/etiologia , Sepse/genética , Dermatopatias/epidemiologia , Dermatopatias/etiologia , Dermatopatias/genética , Infecções Urinárias/epidemiologia , Infecções Urinárias/etiologia , Infecções Urinárias/genética
18.
J Clin Immunol ; 35(3): 264-72, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25753012

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: The signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) family of proteins regulate gene transcription in response to a variety of cytokines. STAT5B, in particular, plays an important role in T cells, where it is a key mediator of interleukin-2 (IL-2) induced responses. STAT5B deficiency causes a rare autosomal recessive disorder reported in only a handful of individuals. There are currently ten published cases of STAT5B deficiency, four of which are Argentinians. AIM: This is a report of more than 10 years follow up of the clinical and immunological features of three Argentinian STAT5B deficient patients. CONCLUSION: More than a decade of follow-up demonstrates that STAT5B deficiency is associated with various clinical pathologies that cause significant morbidity. Early diagnosis is critical for the prevention and improvement of clinical outcomes for STAT5B deficient patients.


Assuntos
Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/imunologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT5/deficiência , Adulto , Argentina , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas/sangue , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/sangue , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Contagem de Linfócitos , Mutação , Fator de Transcrição STAT5/genética , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 74(4): 311-4, 2014.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25188660

RESUMO

The hyper Immunoglobulin E syndrome, also known as Job's syndrome, is a rare primary immunodeficiency, its mechanisms of inheritance maybe recessive or dominant autosomal. It is characterized by high levels of IgE, eosinophilia, skin abscesses, eczema, chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis and recurrent pulmonary infections all of which contribute to the development of pneumatoceles and bronchiectasis. The most frequently isolated bacteria is Staphylococcus aureus. Currently, despite the highest survival of patients, lymphomas and other opportunistic infections have been reported. There are few reports of patients with Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection associated with hyper IgE syndrome. Therefore it is relevant that we report a case history of a patient with pulmonary tuberculosis, presenting miliary tuberculosis and severe respiratory compromise, who responded positively to standard anti-tuberculous treatment with first line drugs.


Assuntos
Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Síndrome de Job/complicações , Tuberculose Miliar/complicações , Humanos , Isotipos de Imunoglobulinas/sangue , Masculino , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Tuberculose Miliar/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto Jovem
20.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 74(4): 311-314, ago. 2014. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | BINACIS | ID: bin-131436

RESUMO

El síndrome de hiper IgE también denominado síndrome de Job, es una inmunodeficiencia primaria poco frecuente, cuyo modo de herencia puede ser autosómico recesivo o dominante. Se caracteriza por altos niveles de IgE, eosinofilia, abscesos cutáneos, eccema, candidiasis mucocutánea crónica e infecciones pulmonares recidivantes que contribuyen al desarrollo de neumatoceles y bronquiectasias. El germen más frecuentemente aislado es el Staphylococcus aureus. En la actualidad, ante la mayor supervivencia de los pacientes se han comunicado infecciones oportunistas y linfomas. Existen escasas publicaciones de pacientes con enfermedad por Mycobacterium tuberculosis asociada a síndrome de hiper IgE, por lo que consideramos relevante comunicar el caso de un paciente con antecedentes de una tuberculosis pulmonar, que presentó una tuberculosis miliar con grave compromiso respiratorio, con buena respuesta al tratamiento estándar con drogas de primera línea.(AU)


The hyper Immunoglobulin E syndrome, also known as Job´s syndrome, is a rare primary immunodeficiency, its mechanisms of inheritance maybe recessive or dominant autosomal. It is characterized by high levels of IgE, eosinophilia, skin abscesses, eczema, chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis and recurrent pulmonary infections all of which contribute to the development of pneumatoceles and bronchiectasis. The most frequently isolated bacteria is Staphylococcus aureus. Currently, despite the highest survival of patients, lymphomas and other opportunistic infections have been reported. There are few reports of patients with Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection associated with hyper IgE syndrome. Therefore it is relevant that we report a case history of a patient with pulmonary tuberculosis, presenting miliary tuberculosis and severe respiratory compromise, who responded positively to standard anti-tuberculous treatment with first line drugs.(AU)

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