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1.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2022 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35656584

RESUMO

Vitamin B12 (VB12) has been reported to degrade PFOS in the presence of TiIII citrate at 70 °C. Porphyrin-based catalysts have emerged as VB12 analogues and have been successfully used in various fields of research due to their interesting structural and electronic properties. However, there is inadequate information on the use of these porphyrin-based metal complexes in the defluorination of PFOS. We have therefore explored a series of porphyrin-based metal complexes for the degradation of PFOS. CoII-5,10,15,20-tetraphenyl-21H,23H-porphyrin (CoII-TPP), CoII-5,10,15,20-tetrakis(4-methoxyphenyl)-21H,23H-porphyrin (CoII-M-TPP), and CoIII-M-TPP exhibited efficient reductive defluorination of the branched PFOS. Within 5-8 h, these compounds achieved the same level of PFOS defluorination as VB12 achieved in 7-10 days. For branched isomers, the specific removal rate of the CoII-TPP-TiIII citrate system is 64-105 times higher than that for VB12-TiIII citrate. Moreover, the CoII-TPP-TiIII citrate system displayed efficient (51%) defluorination for the branched PFOS (br-PFOS) in 1 day even at room temperature (25 °C). The effects of the iron and cobalt metal centers, reaction pH, and several reductants (NaBH4, nanosized zerovalent zinc (nZn0), and TiIII citrate) were systematically investigated. Based on the analysis of the products and previously published reports, a new possible defluorination pathway of branched PFOS is also proposed.

2.
Small ; 18(21): e2200847, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35484474

RESUMO

Hybrid halide perovskites have emerged as highly promising photovoltaic materials because of their exceptional optoelectronic properties, which are often optimized via compositional engineering like mixing halides. It is well established that hybrid perovskites undergo a series of structural phase transitions as temperature varies. In this work, the authors find that phase transitions are substantially suppressed in mixed-halide hybrid perovskite single crystals of MAPbI3-x Brx (MA = CH3 NH3 + and x = 1 or 2) using a complementary suite of diffraction and spectroscopic techniques. Furthermore, as a general behavior, multiple crystallographic phases coexist in mixed-halide perovskites over a wide temperature range, and a slightly distorted monoclinic phase, hitherto unreported for hybrid perovskites, is dominant at temperatures above 100 K. The anomalous structural evolution is correlated with the glassy behavior of organic cations and optical phonons in mixed-halide perovskites. This work demonstrates the complex interplay between composition engineering and lattice dynamics in hybrid perovskites, shedding new light on their unique properties.

3.
Antibiotics (Basel) ; 11(2)2022 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35203755

RESUMO

The Quorum-sensing system in Pseudomonas aeruginosa is responsible for the pathogenicity and the production of virulence factors and biofilm formation. Dihydropyrrolones were previously found to act as inhibitors of QS-dependent bacterial phenotypes. In this study, a range of dihydropyrrolone (DHP) analogues was synthesized via the lactone-lactam conversion of lactone intermediates followed by the formation of novel acetylene analogues of dihydropyrrolones from brominated dihydropyrrolones via Sonogashira coupling reactions in moderate to high yields. Upon biological testing, the most potent compounds, 39-40 and 44, showed higher bacterial quorum-sensing inhibitory (QSI) activity against P. aeruginosa reporter strain at 62.5 µM. Structure-activity relationship studies revealed that di-alkynyl substituent at the exocyclic position of DHPs possessed higher QSI activities than those of mono-alkynyl DHPs. Moreover, a hexyl-substituent at C3 of DHPs was beneficial to QSI activity while a phenyl substituent at C4 of DHPs was detrimental to QSI activity of analogues.

4.
Bioorg Chem ; 118: 105481, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34801947

RESUMO

A series of hybrid compounds that incorporated anthranilic acid with activated 1H-indoles through a glyoxylamide linker were designed to target bacterial RNA polymerase holoenzyme formation using computational docking. Synthesis, in vitro transcription inhibition assays, and biological testing of the hybrids identified a range of potent anti-transcription inhibitors with activity against a range of pathogenic bacteria with MICs as low as 3.1 µM. A structure activity relationship study identified the key structural components necessary for inhibition of both bacterial growth and transcription. Correlation of in vitro transcription inhibition activity with in vivo mechanism of action was established using fluorescence microscopy and resistance passaging using Gram-positive bacteria showed no resistance development over 30 days. Furthermore, no toxicity was observed from the compounds in a wax moth larvae model, establishing a platform for the development of a series of new antibacterial drugs with an established mode of action.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , RNA Polimerases Dirigidas por DNA/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antibacterianos/síntese química , Antibacterianos/química , RNA Polimerases Dirigidas por DNA/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/enzimologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estrutura Molecular , Mariposas , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
5.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(48): 20384-20394, 2021 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34807589

RESUMO

The alternating physical properties, especially melting points, of α,ω-disubstituted n-alkanes and their parent n-alkanes had been known since Baeyer's report in 1877. There is, however, no general and comprehensive explanation for such a phenomenon. Herein, we report the synthesis and examination of a series of novel ω-phenyl n-alkyl tropylium tetrafluoroborates, which also display alternation in their physicochemical characters. Despite being organic salts, the compounds with odd numbers of carbons in the alkyl bridge exist as room temperature ionic liquids. In stark contrast to this, the analogues with even numbers of carbons in the linker are crystalline solids. These solid nonconjugated molecules exhibit curious photoluminescent properties, which can be attributed to their ability to form through-space charge-transfer complexes to cause crystallization-induced emission enhancement. Most notably, the compound with the highest photoluminescent quantum yield in this series showed an unusual arrangement of carbocationic dimer in the solid state. A combination of XRD analysis and ab initio calculations revealed interesting insights into these systems.

6.
Molecules ; 26(13)2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34209791

RESUMO

Histone deacetylase enzymes (HDACs) are potential targets for the treatment of cancer and other diseases, but it is challenging to design isoform-selective agents. In this work, we created new analogs of two established but non-selective HDAC inhibitors. We decorated the central linker chains of the molecules with specifically positioned fluorine atoms in order to control the molecular conformations. The fluorinated analogs were screened against a panel of 11 HDAC isoforms, and minor differences in isoform selectivity patterns were observed.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases , Histona Desacetilases/química , Hidrocarbonetos Fluorados , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/síntese química , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/química , Humanos , Hidrocarbonetos Fluorados/síntese química , Hidrocarbonetos Fluorados/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
7.
Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun ; 77(Pt 3): 270-276, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33953950

RESUMO

Reduction of bi-cyclo-[3.3.0]octane-3,7-dione yields a mixture of the endo-3,endo-7-diol and endo-3, exo-7-diol (C8H14O2) isomers (5 and 6). These form (5)2·(6) co-crystals in the monoclinic P21/n space group (with Z = 6, Z' = 1.5) rather than undergoing separation by means of fractional recrystallization or column chromatography. The mol-ecule of 5 occupies a general position, whereas the mol-ecule of 6 is disordered over two orientations across a centre of symmetry with occupancies of 0.463 (2) and 0.037 (2). Individual diol hy-droxy groups associate around a pseudo-threefold screw axis by means of hydrogen bonding. The second hy-droxy group of each diol behaves in a similar manner, generating a three-dimensional hydrogen-bonded network structure. This hydrogen-bond connectivity is identical to that present in three known helical tubuland diol-hydro-quinone co-crystals, and the new crystal structure is even more similar to two homologous aliphatic diol co-crystals.

8.
Chemistry ; 27(16): 5136-5141, 2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33543525

RESUMO

Foremost, practical applications of spin-crossover (SCO) materials require control of the nature of the spin-state coupling. In existing SCO materials, there is a single, well-defined dimensionality relevant to the switching behavior. A new material, consisting of 1,2,4-triazole-based trimers coordinated into 1D chains by [Au(CN)2 ]- and spaced by anions and exchangeable guests, underwent SCO defined by elastic coupling across multiple dimensional hierarchies. Detailed structural, vibrational, and theoretical studies conclusively confirmed that intra-trimer coupling was an order of magnitude greater than the intramolecular coupling, which was an order of magnitude greater than intermolecular coupling. As such, a clear hierarchy on the nature of elastic coupling in SCO materials was ascertained for the first time, which is a necessary step for the technological development of molecular switching materials.

9.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 31: 115967, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33434766

RESUMO

The Pseudomonas quinolone system (pqs) is one of the key quorum sensing systems in antibiotic-resistant P. aeruginosa and is responsible for the production of virulence factors and biofilm formation. Thus, synthetic small molecules that can target the PqsR (MvfR) receptor can be utilized as quorum sensing inhibitors to treat P. aeruginosa infections. In this study, we report the synthesis of novel thioether-linked dihydropyrrol-2-one (DHP) analogues as PqsR antagonists. Compound 7g containing a 2-mercaptopyridyl linkage effectively inhibited the pqs system with an IC50 of 32 µM in P. aeruginosa PAO1. Additionally, these inhibitors significantly reduced bacterial aggregation and biofilm formation without affecting planktonic growth. The molecular docking study suggest that these inhibitors bind with the ligand binding domain of the MvfR as a competitive antagonist.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Pirróis/farmacologia , Sulfetos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/síntese química , Antibacterianos/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estrutura Molecular , Pirróis/química , Percepção de Quorum/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sulfetos/química
10.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(12): 6764-6770, 2021 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33295683

RESUMO

Two photoswitchable arylazopyrozoles form hydrogels at a concentration of 1.2 % (w/v). With a molecular weight of 258.28 g mol-1 , these are the lowest known molecular weight hydrogelators that respond reversibly to light. Photoswitching of the E- to the Z-form by exposure to 365 nm light results in a macroscopic gel→sol transition; nearly an order of magnitude reduction in the measured elastic and loss moduli. In the case of the meta-arylazopyrozole, cryogenic transmission electron microscopy suggests that the 29±7 nm wide sheets in the E-gel state narrow to 13±2 nm upon photoswitching to the predominantly Z-solution state. Photoswitching for meta-arylazopyrozole is reversible through cycles of 365 nm and 520 nm excitation with little fatigue. The release of a rhodamine B dye encapsulated in gels formed by the arylazopyrozoles is accelerated more than 20-fold upon photoswitching with 365 nm light, demonstrating these materials are suitable for light-controlled cargo release.

11.
Langmuir ; 36(44): 13301-13311, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33108206

RESUMO

This study describes organic thin films prepared under a range of conditions from a model series of bis-N-alkyl chloro-triazines functionalized with short alkyl chains from ethyl to hexyl. The pure films were characterized using atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). When cast on mica, these compounds assemble as crystalline sheets made up of a synthetic bilayer along the crystallographic ab-plane with an internal hydrogen-bonded domain between external alkyl chains. These micron-scale surfaces stack along the c-axis, and increasing the alkyl chain length results in changes to the crystal morphology from needles to nanoscale plates. Thicker films produce nanoscale, pyramidal stacks of bilayers. Compared to atomically flat mica, a rougher, unetched silicon substrate produced irregular domains in the secondary bilayer. Films of mixtures comprising the ethyl derivative with butyl, pentyl, or hexyl derivative were imaged using time-of-flight secondary-ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) that indicated a trend toward a constant stoichiometry with increasing alkyl chain length. AFM of mixed films on mica showed single bilayers of height <2 nm, with an acceptable correlation to the XRD measurements, supporting a constant stoichiometry. These materials permit easy modification of mica to a micron-scale, atomically flat hydrophobic surface, and the use of mixtures with different alkyl chain lengths suggests a method to improve the quality of functional organic thin films.

12.
Inorg Chem ; 59(19): 14296-14305, 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32985190

RESUMO

The effect of halogen functionalization on the spin crossover (SCO) properties of a family of 2-D Hofmann framework materials, [FeIIPd(CN)4(thioX)2]·2H2O (X = Cl and Br; thioCl = (E)-1-(5-chlorothiophen-2-yl)-N-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl)methanimine) and thioBr = (E)-1-(5-bromothiophen-2-yl)-N-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl)methanimine)), is reported. Inclusion of both the chloro- and bromo-functionalized ligands into the Hofmann-type frameworks (1Cl·2H2O and 2Br·2H2O) results in a blocking of spin-state transitions due to internal chemical pressure effects derived by the collective steric bulk of the halogen atoms and guest molecules. Cooperative one-step SCO transitions are revealed by either guest removal or the application of external physical pressure. Notably, removal of solvent water reveals a robust framework scaffold with only marginal variation between the solvated and desolvated structures (as investigated by powder and single crystal X-ray diffraction). Yet, one-step complete SCO transitions are revealed in 1Cl and 2Br with a transition temperature shift between the analogues due to various steric, structural, and electronic considerations. SCO can also be induced in the solvated species, 1Cl·2H2O and 2Br·2H2O, with the application of physical pressure, revealing a complete one-step SCO transition above 0.62 GPa (as investigated by magnetic susceptibility and single crystal X-ray diffraction measurements).

13.
Chirality ; 32(11): 1311-1323, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32757326

RESUMO

Trifunctional MAP-based chiral phosphines were tested as new ligands in a Pd-catalyzed asymmetric allylic alkylation, demonstrating fast and enantiodivergent catalysis. The palladium complexes of representative ligands by X-ray analysis revealed a novel mode of P,N-coordination of the ligand to the palladium center, which may contribute to switching the sense of the asymmetric induction via combined steric and tunable H-bonding interactions between the metal complex and the substrates.

14.
Inorg Chem ; 59(2): 1274-1283, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917560

RESUMO

A trend between the degree of steric congestion of the Fe(II) coordination environment and the extent of spin transition (percentage completeness) has been observed in a series of halide salts of a dinuclear triple helicate architecture with the general form [Fe2L3]X4 (where X = Cl- for 1, Br- for 2, and (I-)3/I3- for 3, and L is (1E,1'E)-N,N'-(oxybis(4,1-phenylene))bis(1-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)methanimine). Crystal packing densities of adjacent helicates were found to decrease with increasing anion size. Greater steric congestion by neighboring helicates favored the [HS-HS] state of the dinuclear triple helicate architecture. As a result, the highly crowded Cl- salt (1) did not undergo spin-crossover (SCO), the more congested Br- salt (2) underwent an incomplete solvent-dependent transition, and the least crowded (I-)3/I3- analogue (3) exhibited a full SCO from the [HS-HS] ↔ [LS-LS] state. Furthermore, an interesting two-step transition was observed in the Br- salt, exhibiting a 28 K thermal hysteresis in the higher temperature step, the largest thermal hysteresis reported to date for a Fe(II) dinuclear triple helicate system. Variable-temperature single-crystal X-ray diffraction (SCXRD) analysis of 2 demonstrated that this two-step profile was found to be the result of crystallographic parameters evolving in a two-step manner with temperature, rather than a crystallographic phase change.

15.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 59(4): 1455-1459, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573717

RESUMO

Tropylium bromide undergoes noncatalyzed, regioselective additions to a large variety of Michael acceptors. In this way, acrylic esters are converted into ß-bromo-α-cycloheptatrienylpropionic esters. The reactions are interpreted as nucleophilic attack of bromide ions at the electron-deficient olefins and the approach of the tropylium ion to the incipient carbanion. Quantum chemical calculations were performed to elucidate the analogy to the amine- or phosphine-catalyzed Rauhut-Currier reactions. Subsequent synthetic transformations of the bromo-cycloheptatrienylated adducts are reported.

16.
Molecules ; 24(23)2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783706

RESUMO

The bis-glyoxylamide peptidomimetics have been synthesized from bis-N-acetylisatins linked at C5 by ring-opening with alcohols, amines, and amino acid methyl ester hydrochlorides. X-ray images of single crystals of bis-glyoxylamide peptidomimetics have been obtained.


Assuntos
Indóis/síntese química , Peptidomiméticos/síntese química , Álcoois/química , Aminas/química , Aminoácidos/química , Ésteres/química , Indóis/química , Isatina/química , Metano/análogos & derivados , Metano/química , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Oxigênio/química , Peptidomiméticos/química , Raios X
17.
J Org Chem ; 84(22): 14602-14610, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31617716

RESUMO

Nucleophilic addition of thiolates to diethyl acetylenedicarboxylate in chloroform at room temperature affords solely the meso dithioaddition product, whereas the addition of amines in ethanol gives only the corresponding (Z)-enamine, as confirmed by X-ray crystal analysis. The monoaddition product of thiolate addition, prepared and isolated at lower temperatures, also exhibited (Z)-stereochemistry. The accompanying computational study on simplified model systems explains the reasons for the observed stereochemistry and for acetylenedicarboxylate readily undergoing two addition reactions with thiolate nucleophiles and the (Z)-enamine being much less reactive toward addition of thiolate or amine nucleophiles.

18.
Beilstein J Org Chem ; 15: 1347-1354, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31293684

RESUMO

The one-pot reaction of 2,6-bis(diphenylmethyl)-4-methoxyaniline with tert-butylnitrite, BTEAC and DABSO in the presence of CuCl2 provided an unexpected 3H-indazole product 8. The structure of the compound was determined by HRMS, IR, NMR and further confirmed by single crystal X-ray crystallography. The compound crystallises in the triclinic P-1 space group, with unit cell parameters a = 9.2107 (4), b = 10.0413 (5), c = 14.4363 (6) Å, α = 78.183 (2), ß = 87.625 (2), γ = 71.975 (2)°. The formation of 8 proceeded through a facile intramolecular [2 + 3] cycloaddition of the diazo intermediate 9. The molecules of 8 are organised by edge-face Ar-H···π, face-face π···π, and bifurcated OCH2-H···N interactions. In addition to these, there are Ar-H···H-Ar close contacts, (edge-edge and surrounding inversion centres) arranged as infinite tapes along the a direction.

19.
J Nat Prod ; 82(5): 1190-1199, 2019 05 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31017784

RESUMO

Rottlerin (1) is a potent protein kinase C δ inhibitor that possesses a wide range of biological activities. However, the potential of this molecule to be developed as a drug has been restricted by its limited availability. We report herein a gram scale quantity synthesis of rottlerin in a five-step synthetic route that can be completed within 2 days. The methodology was extended by the reaction of the key aminochromene intermediate (15) with various electron-rich arenes, forming novel unsymmetrical methylene-bridged compounds. The X-ray crystal structure revealed the boomerang shape of this kind of molecule for the first time. The direct transformation of rottlerin (1) into the natural product, isorottlerin (35), was observed for the first time, and we named this transformation the "isorottlerin change". In addition, the antibacterial activities of rottlerin (1) and new rottlerin analogues 32-34 were examined against Staphylococcus aureus. The compounds showed MIC values as low as 2.0 µM, which were comparable to the clinically used antibiotic gentamicin.


Assuntos
Acetofenonas/síntese química , Benzopiranos/síntese química , Acetofenonas/química , Acetofenonas/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Benzopiranos/química , Benzopiranos/farmacologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos
20.
Dalton Trans ; 48(11): 3576-3582, 2019 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30741285

RESUMO

This work demonstrates that simple copper-bipyridine compounds and atmospheric CO2 react to produce useful/complex materials under appropriate conditions. Starting from a distorted square planar copper(ii) complex, [(tbubpy)CuCl2](tbubpy = 4-tert-butyl-2-(4-tert-butylpyridin-2-yl)pyridine), an air-sensitive, copper(i) complex, [(tbubpy)2CuI][BF4], which exhibits a distorted tetrahedral geometry, was synthesized and characterized. Reactions of [(tbubpy)2CuI][BF4] with CO2 inside a sealed tube and with air were carried out over a week and three weeks, respectively. A new tricopper(ii)-carbonato cluster, [{(tbubpy)2Cu}3(µ-CO3)][PF6]4, was isolated with three distorted octahedral copper(ii) centres bound by a carbonate-bridge formed from atmospheric CO2. NMR and UV-Vis spectroscopic analyses coupled with previous reports point to a multi-step process in the formation of a trinuclear CuII-carbonato cluster that includes the probable involvement of µ-hydroxo-bridged dicopper(ii) type intermediates.

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