Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 15 de 15
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Front Oncol ; 11: 710585, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34568037

RESUMO

Background: Treatment of malignant melanoma has undergone a paradigm shift with the advent of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) and targeted therapies. However, access to ICI is limited in low-middle income countries (LMICs). Patients and Methods: Histologically confirmed malignant melanoma cases registered from 2013 to 2019 were analysed for pattern of care, safety, and efficacy of systemic therapies (ST). Results: There were 659 patients with a median age of 53 (range 44-63) years; 58.9% were males; 55.2% were mucosal melanomas. Most common primary sites were extremities (36.6%) and anorectum (31.4%). Nearly 10.8% of the metastatic cohort were BRAF mutated. Among 368 non-metastatic patients (172 prior treated, 185 de novo, and 11 unresectable), with a median follow-up of 26 months (0-83 months), median EFS and OS were 29.5 (95% CI: 22-40) and 33.3 (95% CI: 29.5-41.2) months, respectively. In the metastatic cohort, with a median follow up of 24 (0-85) months, the median EFS for BSC was 3.1 (95% CI 1.9-4.8) months versus 3.98 (95% CI 3.2-4.7) months with any ST (HR: 0.69, 95% CI: 0.52-0.92; P = 0.011). The median OS was 3.9 (95% CI 3.3-6.4) months for BSC alone versus 12.0 (95% CI 10.5-15.1) months in any ST (HR: 0.38, 95% CI: 0.28-0.50; P < 0.001). The disease control rate was 51.55%. Commonest grade 3-4 toxicity was anemia with chemotherapy (9.5%) and ICI (8.8%). In multivariate analysis, any ST received had a better prognostic impact in the metastatic cohort. Conclusions: Large real-world data reflects the treatment patterns adopted in LMIC for melanomas and poor access to expensive, standard of care therapies. Other systemic therapies provide meaningful clinical benefit and are worth exploring especially when the standard therapies are challenging to administer.

2.
BMJ Open ; 11(6): e047376, 2021 06 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34187825

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: The Cancer Aging Research Group (CARG) toxicity score is used to assess toxicity risk in geriatric patients receiving chemotherapy. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim was to validate the CARG score in geriatric patients treated with curative intent chemotherapy in predicting grade 3-5 toxicities. DESIGN: This was a longitudinal prospective observational study. SETTING: Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, India, a tertiary cancer care referral centre. PARTICIPANTS: Patients, aged ≥65 years, with gastrointestinal, breast or gynaecological stage I-III cancers being planned for curative intent chemotherapy. A total of 270 patients were required for accrual in the study. EXPOSURES: Total risk score ranged from 0 (lowest toxicity risk) to 19 (highest toxicity risk). MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: The primary endpoint of the study was to evaluate whether the CARG risk score predicted for grade 3-5 toxicities. RESULTS: The study cohort of 270 patients had a mean age of 69 (65-83) years, with the most common cancers being gastrointestinal (79%). Fifty-two per cent of patients had atleast one grade 3-5 toxicity. The risk of toxicity was increased with an increasing risk score (42% low risk, 51% medium risk and 79% high risk; p<0.001). There was no association between either Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (p=0.69) or age-adjusted Charlson Comorbidity Index (p=0.79) risk categories and grade 3-5 chemotherapy toxicities. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: This study validates the CARG risk score in predicting for grade 3-5 toxicities in geriatric oncology patients receiving curative intent chemotherapy and can be considered as the standard of care before planning chemotherapy in every elderly patient. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: CTRI/2016/10/007357; Results.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Humanos , Índia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco
3.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 68(9): e29081, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33991401

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Outcome and toxicity data in adolescent-adult Ewing sarcoma (AA-ES) patients are sparse and merits exploration. METHODS: Histopathologically confirmed, nonmetastatic AA-ES patients, who received standard institutional combination chemotherapy regimen (Ewing's family of tumors-2001 [EFT-2001]) comprising of ifosfamide plus etoposide and vincristine, doxorubicin plus cyclophosphamide, lasting a total of 12 months between 2013 and 2018, were analyzed for treatment-related toxicities, event-free survival (EFS), and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: There were 235 patients (primary safety cohort [PSC]) with median age of 23 (15-61) years; 159 (67.7%) were males, 155 (65.9%) had skeletal primary and 114 (48.5%) had extremity tumors. One hundred ninety-six (83.4%) were treatment naïve (primary efficacy cohort [PEC]) and of these 119 (60.7%) had surgery. In PEC, at a median follow-up of 36.4 (interquartile range [IQR] 20-55) months, estimated 3-year EFS and OS were 67.3% (95% CI 60.3-75.1%) and 91.1% (95% CI 86.7-95.7%), respectively. Of these, 158 (80.6%) complying with intended treatment, at a median follow-up of 39 (IQR 26-57) months had an estimated 3-year EFS of 68.2% (95% CI 60.3-76.1%). In multivariable analysis, good prognostic factors included longer symptom(s) duration (HR 0.93, 95% CI 0.86-0.994), ≥99% necrosis (HR 0.30, 95% CI 0.11-0.77), and treatment completion (HR 0.32, 95% CI 0.14-0.74). Among PSC, grade 3-4 toxicities were febrile neutropenia (119, 50.6%), anemia (130, 55.3%), peripheral neuropathy (37, 15.7%), with three (1.3%) chemo-toxic deaths. CONCLUSIONS: The outcomes of AA nonmetastatic ES patients treated with EFT-2001 regimen were comparable to those reported by others, with acceptable toxicity. This regimen can be considered a standard of care in AA-ES.

4.
Neuroendocrinology ; 111(10): 998-1004, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017827

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Capecitabine-temozolomide (CAPTEM) chemotherapy, alone or with concurrent peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT), has activity in advanced WHO grade 2 and grade 3 neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs). The objective of this study was to evaluate the activity of the CAPTEM in patients with grade 2 and grade 3 NENs and identify prognostic factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients with metastatic grade 2 and grade 3 NENs, who were having baseline significant dual uptake on 68Ga-DOTATATE/18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-PET-CT scan and treated with CAPTEM chemotherapy between January 2014 and December 2019 at Tata Memorial Hospital, was conducted. The clinical variables and survival data were collected. Progression-free survival (PFS) was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: A total of 68 patients received the CAPTEM regimen, of whom 29 patients (43%) received CAPTEM alone and 39 patients (57%) received concurrent PRRT. The primary sites were pancreas in 32 (47%) and small intestine in 12 (18%) patients. Mean Ki-67 index was 12.6% (range: 3-50). Forty-five patients (65%) were treatment naïve. There were no significant differences in baseline clinical variables between patients treated with CAPTEM alone or with CAPTEM-PRRT. Both regimens were well tolerated. With a median follow-up of 22.1 months, the median PFS for the entire cohort was 27.5 months. There was no statistical difference in the median PFS between patients receiving CAPTEM alone or CAPTEM-PRRT (33.7 vs. 22 months; p = 0.199). A Ki-67 index of >5% predicted for inferior PFS on multivariate analysis (24 versus 73.8 months; p = 0.04; hazard ratio -3.77; 95% confidence interval: 1.07-13.26). CONCLUSION: CAPTEM, alone or concurrent with PRRT, has a significant activity in grade 2 and grade 3 NENs with dual SSTR and 18FDG expression. A Ki-67 index >5% predicts strongly for inferior outcomes and should be further explored as a prognostic cutoff in grade 2 NENs. Early initiation of CAPTEM should be considered in this group of tumors with significant baseline 18FDG expression.

5.
JAMA Oncol ; 7(3): 436-439, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33270098

RESUMO

Importance: There is therapeutic uncertainty regarding use of combination or single-agent chemotherapy in the treatment of patients with gallbladder cancer who experience disease progression after first-line chemotherapy. Objective: To compare the efficacy of capecitabine plus irinotecan (CAPIRI) vs irinotecan (IRI) alone in patients with advanced gallbladder cancer (GBC) who have disease progression after gemcitabine-based first-line treatment. Design, Setting, and Participants: The GB-SELECT trial was a multicenter, open-label, phase 2, randomized clinical trial of CAPIRI vs IRI alone for treatment of gallbladder cancer in patients who had disease progression after prior gemcitabine-based chemotherapy.The study was carried out in 2 tertiary care institutions in India. Patients aged between 18 and 70 years with histopathologic diagnosis of adenocarcinoma gallbladder, advanced or metastatic disease, previous treatment with gemcitabine-based chemotherapy, adequate hematologic, liver, and renal functions, and ECOG performance status of 1 or less were included in the study between August 2018 and January 2020. The data were analyzed for this report with cutoff on May 19, 2020. Interventions: Patients were randomized 1:1 to receive capecitabine, 1700 mg/m2 per day, on days 1 to 14 plus intravenous irinotecan, 200 mg/m2, on day 1 or intravenous irinotecan, 240 mg/m2, on day 1, in 21-day cycles until disease progression or unacceptable toxic effects. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end point was overall survival (OS) at 6 months. The secondary end points were progression-free survival and quality of life. Results: A total of 98 patients were randomized, 49 in each arm, with median (range) age of 51 (29-70) years, with 60 (61%) being women. In the CAPIRI vs IRI arms, the number of deaths at 6 months, 6-month OS, and median OS were 35, 34, 38.4% (95% CI, 24.2%-52.6%) and 5.16 (95% CI, 4.26-6.06) months vs 34, 29, 54.2% (95% CI, 39.4%-69.0%) and 6.28 (95% CI, 4.25-8.30) months, respectively, with a hazard ratio of 1.02 (95% CI, 0.64-1.49, P = .93). There were no chemotherapy-related deaths but more patients required dose modification in CAPIRI compared with the IRI arm (13 [27%] vs 4 [9%], respectively, P = .03). Conclusions and Relevance: There was no significant difference in OS between treatment with capecitabine plus irinotecan or irinotecan alone among previously treated patients with gallbladder cancer. Single-agent irinotecan should be the preferred treatment option for such patients. Trial Registration: CTRI/2017/10/010112.

6.
Cancer Med ; 9(23): 8747-8753, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33128509

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is limited data on outcomes in cancer patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) from lower middle-income countries (LMICs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was an observational study, conducted between 12 April and 10 June 2020 at Tata Memorial centre, Mumbai, in cancer patients undergoing systemic therapy with laboratory confirmed COVID-19. The objectives were to evaluate cumulative 30-day all-cause mortality, COVID-19 attributable mortality, factors predicting mortality, and time to viral negativity after initial diagnosis. RESULTS: Of the 24 660 footfalls and 7043 patients evaluated, 230 patients on active systemic therapy with a median age of 42 (1-75) years were included. COVID-19 infection severity, as per WHO criteria, was mild, moderate, and severe in 195 (85%), 11 (5%), and 24 (11%) patients, respectively. Twenty-three patients (10%) expired during follow-up, with COVID-19 attributable mortality seen in 15 patients (6.5%). There were no mortalities in the pediatric cohort of 31 (14%) patients. Advanced stage cancer being treated with palliative intent vs others [30-day mortality 24%% vs 5%, odds ratio (OR) 5.6, 95% CI 2.28-13.78, P < .001], uncontrolled cancer status vs controlled cancer (30-day mortality37.5%% vs 4%%, OR 14, 95% CI 4.46-44.16, P < .001) and severe COVID-19 vs mild COVID-19 (30-day mortality 71% vs 3%, OR 92.29, 95% CI 26.43-322.21, P < .001) were significantly associated with mortality. The median time to SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR negativity was 17 days [interquartile range (IQR)17-28) in the cohort. CONCLUSIONS: The mortality rates in cancer patients with COVID-19 who are receiving systemic anti-cancer therapy in LMICSs are marginally higher than that reported in unselected COVID-19 cohorts with prolonged time to viral negativity in a substantial number of patients. The pediatric cancer patients tended to have favorable outcomes.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias/terapia , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/virologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Estudos Prospectivos , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Gastrointest Cancer ; 51(2): 703-708, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31956953

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Data regarding long-term survival and prognosis in loco-regionally advanced, non-metastatic gastric cancers (GC) using perioperative chemotherapy and D2 lymphadenectomies from India is scarce. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study is a retrospective evaluation of locally advanced gastric cancers who received epirubicin-oxaliplatin-capecitabine (EOX) as perioperative therapy from May 2013 to December 2015 at Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai. The report concentrates on long-term survival outcomes and prognostic factors. Event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) were calculated using Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: Two hundred and sixty-eight patients were started on EOX regimen, of which 200 patients (74.6%) underwent definitive resection with D2 lymphadenectomy. With a median follow-up of 52.7 months, the estimated median 3-year and 5-year EFS were 38.5% and 36.3% respectively. The estimated median 3-year and 5-year OS were 41.7% and 37.6% respectively. Patients younger than age 40 years [HR 1.55 (1.034-2.321); p = 0.034] and with poorly differentiated histology [HR 0.65 (0.446-0.944); p = 0.024] had inferior OS compared to their counterparts. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term OS in Indian patients in non-metastatic GC with EOX chemotherapy and D2 lymphadenectomy is similar to previously published Western data. Younger Indian patients fare worse than their older counterparts and this needs further evaluation.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia/métodos , Compostos Organoplatínicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
8.
South Asian J Cancer ; 9(4): 245-249, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34141686

RESUMO

Purpose The objective of this study was to assess the proportion of patients developing chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) after receiving chemotherapy for gastrointestinal (GI) cancers, despite receiving antiemetic prophylaxis (AEP) as per the standard guidelines. Patients and Methods Between April 2019 and March 2020, all patients planned for chemotherapy were eligible for enrolment in the study. The primary endpoint of the study was the assessment of complete response (CR) rates. Results Overall, 1,276 consecutive patients were screened for this study, while 738 patients fulfilling the eligibility criteria were included. A total of 23.2% of the whole cohort failed to achieve CR. Also, 28.2, 16.9, and 16.6% of patients receiving moderately emetogenic chemotherapy (MEC), low emetogenic chemotherapy (LEC), and high emetogenic chemotherapy (HEC), respectively, failed to achieve CR. The differences in failure to achieve CR was statistically significant between MEC and HEC ( p < 0.001) groups. Among MEC group, there was no difference between those who received oxaliplatin (27.8%) versus nonoxaliplatin regimens (25.8%) in terms of failure rates ( p = 0.613). Conclusion Approximately one-fourth of patients failed to achieve a complete response from CINV in GI cancers despite using guideline-based AEP. Patients receiving MEC had the highest failure rates suggesting a need to improve AEP in these patients.

9.
South Asian J Cancer ; 9(4): 209-212, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34268260

RESUMO

Background Biliary tract cancers (BTCs) are a rare group of cancers with limited data with respect to advanced unresectable cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). Materials and Methods The study is a retrospective study of patients with advanced unresectable/metastatic CCA, who received first-line palliative chemotherapy (CT1) from January 2014 to March 2019 at the Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai. Baseline clinical characteristics, chemotherapeutic regimens, and toxicities were evaluated. Results One hundred and forty patients satisfied criteria for evaluation. Median age of the entire cohort was 57 years (range: 32-80). There were 87 patients (62.1%) with intrahepatic CCA, 35 patients (25%) with perihilar CCA, and 14 patients (10%) with distal CCA. One hundred and twelve patients (80%) had metastatic disease at presentation. Commonest CT1 regimens were gemcitabine-cisplatin (GC) in 89 patients (63.5%) and gemcitabine-oxaliplatin (GO) in 34 patients (24.3%). Sixty-three patients (45%) received second-line chemotherapy. With a median follow-up of 27 months, median progression-free survival for the entire cohort was 7.56 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 6.23-8.88), and median OS was 12.16 months (95% CI: 10.08-14.24). Common chemotherapy-related grade 3/4 side effects included vomiting in 25 patients (17.9%), diarrhea in 23 patients (16.4%), and thrombocytopenia in 22 patients (15.7%). Conclusion The current study in advanced CCAs is the largest of its nature from India. The common regimens used as first line were GC and GO. Tolerance and overall survival appear similar to previously published data.

10.
South Asian J Cancer ; 9(4): 240-244, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34131576

RESUMO

Background Various predictive models have been developed which incorporates patient risk factors into the selection of optimal antiemetic therapy, one of which is chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) risk scoring system developed by Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer (MASCC). Patients and Methods Consecutive patients with gastrointestinal malignancy who had not received previous chemotherapy were eligible for enrollment in the study if they were scheduled to receive at least one cycle of chemotherapy. The CINV risk assessment tool was used to collect the study data and to assess CINV risk score. Results Ninety-eight patients fulfilling the eligibility criteria were included in this study, out of which 57% were males, median age was 48 years (range: 28-77). Colorectal cancer (32.7%) was the most common diagnosis followed by gastric cancer (27.6%). Gemcitabine/cisplatin and CAPOX regimen were the most common regimen being administered in 19.4% each. As per MASCC guidelines, 19.4% patients received highly emetogenic chemotherapy, 69.4% moderately emetogenic chemotherapy, while 11.2% received regimen with low emetogenicity. CINV risk module characterized 52% patients to have high risk for CINV, while 48% to have low risk of CINV, thus, 52% had the discrepancy in risk assigned by two methods, and this was statistically significant ( p = 0.025). In subgroup analysis, although patient cohort with acute nausea had no statistically significant discrepancy ( p = 0.123), but statistically significant discrepancy was found in patient cohort with delayed nausea ( p = 0.001), acute ( p = 0.038), and delayed ( p < 0.001) vomiting. Conclusion A significant percentage of patients who receive chemotherapy continue to experience nausea and vomiting despite receiving antiemetic treatment as per standard guidelines. The study generates a hypothesis for future large randomized studies looking at change in antiemetic prophylaxis based on CINV risk tool, leading to improvement in complete response rates of acute and delayed CINV.

11.
Indian J Cancer ; 55(1): 88-93, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30147101

RESUMO

Introduction: Docetaxel/oxaliplatin/capecitabine (TEX) is a commonly used combination chemotherapeutic regimen in advanced gastric cancer (AGC). Application strategies in routine clinical practice are reported in this study. Materials and Methods: Patients diagnosed with AGC, receiving biweekly TEX (docetaxel - 60 mg/m (2)-D1; oxaliplatin - 85 mg/m (2)-D1, and capecitabine 500-625 mg/m (2) orally twice daily for 14 days) between July 2012 and May 2016 were retrospectively analyzed for tolerance, prognostic factors, event-free survival (EFS), and overall survival (OS). The proportion of patients continuing and terminating chemotherapy at various time-points was enumerated. Results: Overall, 208 patients were started on TEX. Median EFS was 6.34 months (95% confidence interval [CI] 5.80-6.87), and median OS was 15.31 (95% CI 12.65-17.96). Post 8 cycles of TEX, further 30 patients (14.4%) were continued on chemotherapy (docetaxel, capecitabine, or TEX) whereas 47 patients (22.6%) were on observation only, and there was a statistically significant difference in the median OS of these two groups (22.55 months vs. 14.89 months; P = 0.028). Raised serum alkaline phosphatase (SAP) levels (>100 U/L) predicted inferior survival (P = 0.006). Conclusion: TEX chemotherapy is a feasible, efficacious triplet regimen that can be used in clinical practice. SAP levels >100 U/L is a poor prognostic factor, as observed in this study. An initial "induction" such as combination chemotherapy regimen followed by monotherapy as continuation requires further evaluation.


Assuntos
Capecitabina/administração & dosagem , Compostos Organoplatínicos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Taxoides/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Docetaxel , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Oxaliplatina , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
12.
Indian J Cancer ; 55(2): 138-143, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30604724

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The median overall survival (mOS) in metastatic pancreatic cancers (PCs) hovers between 6 months to 11 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study is a retrospective analysis of metastatic PC patients who were evaluated from August 2013 to August 2016 in the Department of Gastrointestinal (GI) Medical Oncology, Tata Memorial Hospital (TMH). RESULTS: Out of 218 patients, 24 patients (11%) were not planned for chemotherapy and referred to the Department of Palliative Care for further supportive care. One hundred and fifty-three patients received palliative chemotherapy in TMH with median age of 56 years (range: 23-79), male (60.1%), and nonresident in Maharashtra (60.1%). Regimens used most commonly were gemcitabine-nab-paclitaxel in 60 patients (39.2%), gemcitabine-erlotinib in 25 patients (16.3%), and modified FOLFIRINOX in 21 patients (13.7%). A total of 58 patients (43%; n = 135) had Grade 3/4 toxicities. As of cutoff date for the analysis of outcomes, 139 patients (90.8%) patients had ceased first-line chemotherapy, due to radiologically proven progressive disease (PD) in 89 patients (64%), repeated Grades 3 and 4 adverse events in 26 patients (18.7%), and clinically PD in 18 patients (12.9%). With a median follow-up of 278 days, the mOS was 217 days (95% confidence interval [CI]: 175-258), and the median event-free survival was 125 days (95% CI: 107-122). CONCLUSION: Dose modifications for chemotherapy are required commonly when treating metastatic PC, with common reasons for dose reduction being toxicities, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status >=2, and low albumin levels. Studies evaluating logistic and financial aspects of treating metastatic PC with chemotherapy in India are warranted.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Metástase Neoplásica , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida
13.
Indian J Cancer ; 55(2): 144-147, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30604725

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Approximately 40% of patients receiving first-line chemotherapy (CT1) for advanced pancreatic adenocarcinomas (PDACs) receive second-line chemotherapy (CT2). The most appropriate regimen to be used has not been identified, and data regarding CT2 in advanced PDAC from India are scarce. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of advanced PDAC patients who were evaluated during the period of August 2013 to August 2016 in the Department of GI medical Oncology, at Tata Memorial Hospital was conducted. Patients with histologically proven PDAC and started on CT2 postprogression or recurrence after CT1 were included for analysis. RESULTS: A total of 237 patients received CT1 in the period of study, of which 76 patients (39.66%) received CT2. The median age of patients was 59.5 years (range: 38-82), majority were male (69.7%), and 14 patients (18.4%) had undergone curative pancreatic resection at baseline. The common regimens used as CT2 were modified 5 fluorouracil/leucovorin/irinotecan (mFOLFIRI) (35.5%), gemcitabine-nab paclitaxel (18.4%), and gemcitabine-erlotinib (11.8%). Common grade 3/4 toxicities noted were fatigue (10.3%), anemia (10.3%), neutropenia (7.4%), and vomiting (7.4%). Dose reductions were required in 32.9% of patients. RR, DCR, median event free survival, and median overall survival were 21.1%, 48.7%, and 5.94 months (95% confidence intervals [CI]: 4.68-7.20) and 8.08 months (95% CI: 7.11-9.07) respectively. CONCLUSIONS: CT2 in advanced PDAC appears feasible in the Indian setting if the patients are appropriately selected and they can be treated with acceptable toxicities and reasonable outcomes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci ; 24(5): 262-267, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28196310

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gemcitabine-cisplatin (GC) and gemcitabine-oxaliplatin (GO) are the most commonly used regimens in advanced gallbladder cancer (GBC). METHODS: The data of patients with advanced GBC, treated between January 2013 and June 2015 were retrieved. A 1:1 matching without replacement was performed by using nearest neighbor matching method. RESULTS: A total of 326 patients (163 GC and 163 GO), were matched 1:1 by age and gender. The response rates for GC and GO were 31.2% and 36.3% (P = 0.350). The overall median event free survival (EFS) was 4.34 months (95% CI 4.030-4.644 months). The median EFS was 4.67 months (95% CI 4.060-5.271 months) in GC cohort and 3.88 months (95% CI 3.369-4.385 months) in GO cohort (P = 0.023). The overall median OS was 8.016 months (95% CI 7.361-8.672 months). The median OS was 8.02 months (95% CI 7.257-8.776 months) in GC cohort and 7.79 months (95% CI 6.690-8.88 months) in GO cohort (P = 0.455). The incidence of Grade 2/3 peripheral neuropathy (9.2% vs. 3.1%; P = 0.445) and Grade 3/4 transamintis (14.7% vs. 6.1%) was higher with GO while the incidence of anemia (22.1% vs. 6.7%; P < 0.001), neutropenia (7.3% vs. 2.4%; P = 0.49) and thrombocytopenia (9.8% vs. 3.7%; P = 0.033) was higher with GC. CONCLUSION: Gemcitabine-cisplatin or gemcitabine-oxaliplatin can be used as an initial regimen in advanced GBC. Higher EFS, potentially lower costs, lower incidence of peripheral neuropathy and hepatotoxicity favor the use of GC, whereas a lower incidence of hematological toxicities, and potential ease of administration in patients with borderline renal and cardiac functions favor GO.


Assuntos
Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/tratamento farmacológico , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Compostos Organoplatínicos/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/mortalidade , Humanos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oxaliplatina , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 64(12): 22-28, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28405984

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury is no longer considered to be an innocent bystander merely reflecting co-existent pathologies but an independent risk factor for mortality in the ICU. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To study clinical profile and correlation of patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) according to KDIGO definition with respect to incidence, outcome and different causes of AKI in critical care unit. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: It is a prospective observational study; and was carried out in the ICU of a tertiary care, teaching, public hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied 316 patients developing AKI in ICU over a period of 1 year. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Incidence of AKI in our ICU was 37.71% and mortality rate was 51.9%. Tropical Acute febrile illnesses followed by sepsis were the most common causes of AKI in ICU. Most common cause of AKI among tropical acute febrile illnesses (AFI) was malaria and among sepsis group was lung infection. In our study KDIGO staging could not predict outcome because majority of patients had multisystem failure. Pre-existing co-morbidities, multi-organ system failure were associated with high mortality. APACHE II scoring system under- predicted the mortality in patients with AKI.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Injúria Renal Aguda/mortalidade , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...