Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 33
Filtrar
1.
Indian J Gastroenterol ; 38(5): 411-440, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802441

RESUMO

The Indian Society of Gastroenterology developed this evidence-based practice guideline for management of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in adults. A modified Delphi process was used to develop this consensus containing 58 statements, which were generated by electronic voting iteration as well as face-to-face meeting and review of the supporting literature primarily from India. These statements include 10 on epidemiology, 8 on clinical presentation, 10 on investigations, 23 on treatment (including medical, endoscopic, and surgical modalities), and 7 on complications of GERD. When the proportion of those who voted either to accept completely or with minor reservation was 80% or higher, the statement was regarded as accepted. The prevalence of GERD in India ranges from 7.6% to 30%, being < 10% in most population studies, and higher in cohort studies. The dietary factors associated with GERD include use of spices and non-vegetarian food. Helicobacter pylori is thought to have a negative relation with GERD; H. pylori negative patients have higher grade of symptoms of GERD and esophagitis. Less than 10% of GERD patients in India have erosive esophagitis. In patients with occasional or mild symptoms, antacids and histamine H2 receptor blockers (H2RAs) may be used, and proton pump inhibitors (PPI) should be used in patients with frequent or severe symptoms. Prokinetics have limited proven role in management of GERD.


Assuntos
Gastroenterologia/normas , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/epidemiologia , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/terapia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Adulto , Antiácidos/uso terapêutico , Consenso , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Esofagite/epidemiologia , Esofagite/etiologia , Feminino , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/etiologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Helicobacter pylori , Antagonistas dos Receptores H2 da Histamina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Prevalência , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/uso terapêutico , Sociedades Médicas
2.
Indian J Med Res ; 149(6): 748-754, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496527

RESUMO

Background & objectives: Prokinetics are extensively prescribed leading to several adverse events (AEs). The aim of this study was to assess the prescription pattern in patients receiving prokinetics, and characteristics of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in an outpatient department set up in a tertiary care hospital in western India. Methods: Patients attending outpatient departments of a tertiary care hospital and who had received prokinetic agent for at least seven days over the last one month were enrolled. Causality assessment of AEs was done and assessed for severity, preventability, seriousness and predictability. Results: A total of 304 patients [161 males (52.96%); 143 females (47.04%)] were enrolled. Most prescriptions (299/304, 98%) included domperidone, most commonly prescribed as fixed-dose combination (FDC) with pantoprazole (274/304, 90%). Prokinetic dose was not mentioned in 251/304 (83%) prescriptions, and 18/304 (6%) did not mention frequency. Of the 378 AEs reported from 179 patients (47.35%), 306 (81%) were mild, all non-serious; 272 (72%) not preventable and 291 (77%) predictable in nature. Decreased appetite (n=31, 8.2%) and fatigue (n=27,7.14%) were most commonly reported. Causality assessment by the World Health Organization-Uppsala Monitoring Centre scale showed that 180 AEs were related to suspected drug (17 probable and 163 possible ADRs). Significant correlation was observed for AEs with increasing number of drugs per prescription (Spearman's R=+0.8, P =0.05) and with increasing therapy duration (Spearman's R=+1.00, P <0.001). Interpretation & conclusions: Our findings showed that prokinetics were often prescribed as FDCs, with incomplete prescriptions. Domperidone was found to be associated with multiple AEs. It is suggested that regular prescription monitoring should be done in hospitals to encourage rational use of drugs.


Assuntos
Domperidona/efeitos adversos , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/epidemiologia , Pantoprazol/efeitos adversos , Prescrições , Adulto , Domperidona/uso terapêutico , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pantoprazol/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos , Centros de Atenção Terciária
4.
JGH Open ; 3(3): 224-227, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31276040

RESUMO

Background and Aim: Interpreting stool form diaries for subtyping patients with the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is cumbersome; a picture showing a trend would be easier to interpret. Methods: Fifty-one consecutive adults with IBS (median age 35.5 years; 47 men), diagnosed using the Rome III criteria, were given a picture of the Bristol stool form scale (BSFS) and asked to record their stool frequency and form for 7 days. The numbers were plotted by a technician as dots on a chart. On the y axis, BSFS category 4 was marked as 0, harder stools as +1 to +3, and softer stools as -1 to -3; each bowel movement was represented on the x axis. A line graph was plotted by connecting the dots. Each "fecograph" was then given for visual interpretation to three gastroenterologists (observers). When most readings appeared to be 0, +1, or -1, it was to be reported as normal; most above +1 as IBS-constipation (IBS-C); most below -1 as IBS-diarrhea (IBS-D); and readings crossing 1 on either side as IBS-mixed (IBS-M). If no clear trend was noted, it was IBS-unclassified (IBS-U). Each observer reported all graphs in different orders twice, at 1-month intervals; thus, 306 reports were available. Interclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was calculated. Results: Eighteen patients had IBS-C, 13 IBS-D, 4 IBS-M, and 16 IBS-U. The 51 fecographs were reported in mean 20 min 36 s. ICC for intra- and interobserver reliability was 0.62 (0.50-0.73). Conclusion: The fecograph is a reliable and easy-to-use tool to subtype patients with IBS.

5.
Indian Heart J ; 70 Suppl 3: S13-S19, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30595245

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Genetic polymorphisms of CYP2C9 and VKORC1 play major role in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of warfarin, respectively. Purpose of our study was to assess the utility of pretesting patients for the above mutations in predicting tendency for bleeding and achieving target INR. METHODS: This was an audit of data collected between July 2011 and December 2016. For safety and efficacy, patients were divided into two subgroups: those with or without bleeding and those who achieved target INR or not. Chi square test was applied to compare the between group differences and crude Odds Ratio (cOR) calculated. RESULTS: Among 521 patients evaluated, most common indication for warfarin therapy was valvular heart disease (210/521 = 40%); 36% (187/521) had at least one bleeding episode; 56% (269/479) had below target INR. 26% (136/521) had polymorphic alleles of CYP2C9 and 69% (358/521) had the GG haplotype of VKORC1. Polymorphic alleles of CYP2C9 or AG/AA haplotype had twice the odds of bleeding (cOR = 2.14 and 2.44 respectively) relative to those with wild CYP2C9 allele or GG haplotype. Combined CYP2C9 mutant alleles and/or AG/AA haplotypes had thrice the odds of bleeding (cOR = 3.12) relative to those with wild CYP2C9 alleles and GG haplotype. Those with GG haplotype had twice the odds (cOR = 1.81) and those with GG haplotype along with wild CYP2C9 allele had four times the odds (cOR = 4.27) of not achieving the target INR relative to those with other haplotype/alleles. All these associations were statistically significant (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Pretesting patients for genetic polymorphisms could aid in individualizing warfarin therapy.


Assuntos
Auditoria Clínica/métodos , Citocromo P-450 CYP2C9/genética , DNA/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Vitamina K Epóxido Redutases/genética , Varfarina/farmacocinética , Idoso , Alelos , Anticoagulantes/farmacocinética , Estudos Transversais , Citocromo P-450 CYP2C9/metabolismo , Feminino , Seguimentos , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Tromboembolia Venosa/genética , Tromboembolia Venosa/metabolismo , Vitamina K Epóxido Redutases/metabolismo
6.
Indian J Gastroenterol ; 37(6): 526-544, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30617919

RESUMO

The Indian Motility and Functional Diseases Association and the Indian Society of Gastroenterology developed this evidence-based practice guideline for management of chronic constipation. A modified Delphi process was used to develop this consensus containing 29 statements, which were generated by electronic voting iteration as well as face to face meeting and review of the supporting literature primarily from India. These statements include 9 on epidemiology, clinical presentation, and diagnostic criteria; 8 on pathophysiology; and the remaining 12 on investigations and treatment. When the proportion of those who voted either to accept completely or with minor reservation was 80% or higher, the statement was regarded as accepted. The members of the consensus team believe that this would be useful for teaching, clinical practice, and research on chronic constipation in India and in other countries with similar spectrum of the disorders.


Assuntos
Consenso , Constipação Intestinal , Gastroenterologia/organização & administração , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Doença Crônica , Constipação Intestinal/diagnóstico , Constipação Intestinal/epidemiologia , Constipação Intestinal/etiologia , Constipação Intestinal/terapia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
7.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 32(1): 237-243, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27218672

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Percutaneous radiologic interventions are increasingly being used in management of Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). Minimal invasive approach has resulted in excellent long-term outcomes. We evaluated the treatment efficacy and safety of radiological intervention in patients with BCS. METHODS: Between January 2008 and June 2014, 190 patients with BCS underwent endovascular procedures (hepatic vein, collateral vein or inferior vena cava [IVC] plasty with or without stenting, or transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunting [TIPSS]). Clinical features, biochemical profile, and stent patency were monitored pre-procedure and post-procedure, and for a median duration of 42 (12-88) months. RESULTS: Of 190 patients (mean [SD] age = 26.9 [11.5] years; 102 men), imaging revealed hepatic vein obstruction in 147 patients, IVC obstruction in 40 patients, and concomitant hepatic vein and IVC obstruction in three patients. At presentation, the radiological interventions included hepatic vein plasty/stenting in 38 patients, collateral vein stenting in three patients, IVC plasty/stenting in 40 patients, both IVC and hepatic vein stenting in three patients, and TIPSS in 106 patients. Response was seen in 153 patients (80.5%). Repeat interventions were required in 19 patients (10.0%). Complications were noted in nine patients (4.7%). CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates that venous recanalization and TIPSS for BCS are safe and efficacious.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Budd-Chiari/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Adulto , Síndrome de Budd-Chiari/diagnóstico por imagem , Constrição Patológica , Feminino , Veias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Hepáticas/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Derivação Portossistêmica Transjugular Intra-Hepática , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Veia Cava Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Cava Inferior/patologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Indian J Gastroenterol ; 34(1): 3-22, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25772856

RESUMO

In 2012, the Indian Society of Gastroenterology's Task Force on Inflammatory Bowel Diseases undertook an exercise to produce consensus statements on Crohn's disease (CD). This consensus, produced through a modified Delphi process, reflects our current recommendations for the diagnosis and management of CD in India. The consensus statements are intended to serve as a reference point for teaching, clinical practice, and research in India.


Assuntos
Doença de Crohn , Gastroenterologia/organização & administração , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Administração Oftálmica , Adulto , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Azatioprina/administração & dosagem , Doença de Crohn/diagnóstico , Doença de Crohn/terapia , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Índia , Infliximab/administração & dosagem , Quimioterapia de Manutenção , Mesalamina/administração & dosagem , Indução de Remissão
11.
Indian J Gastroenterol ; 33(1): 12-8, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24006121

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The worldwide incidence rates of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) vary widely. Some countries like India have a low incidence despite having a large burden of chronic hepatitis B (HBV) and C virus (HCV) infection. We hypothesized that long-term iron deficiency could attenuate the hepatic inflammation and lead to a lower incidence of HCC in India than expected. METHODS: We evaluated the association of serum ferritin levels and HCC in Indian patients with HBV- or HCV-related chronic liver disease (CLD) using a case-control study design. We enrolled 141 patients with HCC (cases) and 240 patients having chronic HBV or HCV infection-related CLD (controls). Study participants were grouped on the basis of ferritin values into low-normal, high-normal, and high subgroups. RESULTS: Mean ferritin values were higher in cases as compared to controls (425.8 vs. 135.6 ng/mL, p = 0.000). A significant dose-response effect for serum ferritin levels and HCC was seen with an odds ratio (95 % confidence interval) of 3.0 (1.6-5.9, p = 0.001) for subjects with high-normal ferritin levels and 8.2 (4.1-16.5, p = 0.000) for subjects with high ferritin levels in a multivariate model. Other significant independent risk factors in the multivariate model included older age, male gender, alcohol and tobacco use, elevated alanine aminotransferase, higher family income, and coffee drinking. CONCLUSION: We found an independent association between serum ferritin levels and HCC in patients with CLD of viral etiology. Further prospective studies are needed to confirm the hypothesis that iron deficiency protects against HCC in CLD.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Ferritinas/sangue , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Ferro/deficiência , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/prevenção & controle , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Hepatite B Crônica/epidemiologia , Hepatite C Crônica/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Índia/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Risco , Fatores de Risco
12.
Indian J Gastroenterol ; 32(6): 369-75, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23999682

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Attempts to diagnose and subtype irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) by symptom-based criteria have limitations, as these are developed in the West and might not be applicable in other populations. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare different criteria for diagnosing and subtyping of IBS in India. METHOD: Manning's and the Rome I, II, and III criteria as well as the Asian criteria were applied to 1,618 patients (from 17 centers in India) with chronic lower gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms with no alarm features and negative investigations. RESULTS: Of 1,618 patients (aged 37.5 [SD 12.6] years; 71.2% male), 1,476 (91.2%), 1,098 (67.9%), 649 (40.1%), 849 (52.5%), and 1,206 (74.5%) fulfilled Manning's, Rome I, II, and III, and the Asian criteria, respectively. The most common reason for not fulfilling the criteria was absence of the following symptoms: "more frequent stools with onset of pain," "loose stool with onset of pain," "relief of pain with passage of stool," "other abdominal discomfort/bloating," and, in a minority, not meeting the duration criterion of 3 months/12 weeks. By stool frequency, constipation-predominant IBS (<3 stools/week) was diagnosed in 319 (19.7%), diarrhea-predominant IBS (>3 stools/day) in 43 (2.7%), and unclassified in 1,256 (77.6%). By Bristol stool form, constipation, diarrhea, and unclassified were diagnosed in 655 (40.5%), 709 (43.8%), and 254 (15.7%) patients, respectively. By their own perception, 462 (28.6%), 541 (33.4%), and 452 (27.9%) patients reported constipation-predominant, diarrhea-predominant, and alternating types, respectively. CONCLUSION: By Manning's and the Asian criteria, a diagnosis of IBS was made frequently among Indian patients with chronic functional lower GI symptoms with no alarm features; the Rome II criteria gave the lowest yield. By the stool frequency criteria, a majority of patients had unclassified pattern, unlike by the stool form and patients' perception of their symptoms.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/diagnóstico , Adulto , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/classificação , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/fisiopatologia , Masculino
13.
J Neurogastroenterol Motil ; 19(1): 99-103, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23350055

RESUMO

Manometry of the pharynx and the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) provides important information on the swallowing mechanism, especially about details on the pharyngeal contraction and relaxation of the UES. However, UES manometry is challenging because of the radial asymmetry of the sphincter, and upward movement of the UES during swallowing. In addition, the rapidity of contraction of the pharyngoesophageal segment requires high frequency recording for capturing these changes in pressure; this is best done with the use of solid state transducers and high-resolution manometry. UES manometry is not required for routine patient care, when esophageal manometry is being performed. The major usefulness of UES manometry in clinical practice is in the evaluation of patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia.

14.
Trop Gastroenterol ; 34(4): 252-8, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25046888

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Patients with alcoholic hepatitis and alcoholic cirrhosis have significant morbidity and mortality. The model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score is used to predict mortality in patients with liver disease. Our study aimed to validate the utility of MELD score versus Child Pugh Turcotte (CPT) and modified CPT (CPT+creatinine; CPTC) scores in predicting mortality among alcoholic liver disease (ALD) patients. METHODS: We examineda retrospective (n=110; mean age 44.5years; 109 men) and a prospective (n=96; mean age 45 years; 92 men) cohort of patients suffering from ALD, with varying disease severity, and compared the ability of MELD, CTP and CPTC scores to predict the 1-, 3- and 6-month mortality using concordance (c-) statistics. RESULTS: The median MELD, CPT and CPTC scores were 21, 10 and 11 in the retrospective group and 21, 10 and 10 in prospective groups, respectively. The 1-month, 3-month and 6-month mortality was 41 (37.3%), 59 (53.6%) and 81 (73.6%) in the retrospective group and 27 (28.1%), 41 (42.7%) and 65 (67.7%) in the prospective group. The predictive ability of MELD, CPT and CPTC was 0.72, 0.67, 0.68 for 1-month mortality, 0.73, 0.70, 0.68 for 3-month mortality and 0.83, 0.75, 0.73 for 6-month mortality in retrospective group and 0.86, 0.56, 0.63 for 1-month mortality, 0.80, 0.57, and 0.60 for 3-month mortality, and 0.88, 0.51, and 0.64 for 6-month mortality in the prospective cohort, respectively. The predictive accuracy of MELD was significantly better than CPT and CPTC scores in the prospective group. CONCLUSIONS: MELD is a valid prognostic score compared to CPT and CPTC scores for predicting short-term mortality in patients of alcoholic liver disease.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Terminal/mortalidade , Hepatite Alcoólica/complicações , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto , Idoso , Doença Hepática Terminal/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Testes de Função Hepática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Indian J Gastroenterol ; 31(6): 307-23, 2012 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23096266

RESUMO

In 2010, the Indian Society of Gastroenterology's Task Force on Inflammatory Bowel Diseases undertook an exercise to produce consensus statements on ulcerative colitis. This consensus, produced through a modified Delphi process, reflects our current understanding of the definition, diagnostic work up, treatment and complications of ulcerative colitis. The consensus statements are intended to serve as a reference point for teaching, clinical practice, and research in India.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa/diagnóstico , Colite Ulcerativa/terapia , Colite Ulcerativa/complicações , Colite Ulcerativa/epidemiologia , Técnica Delfos , Gastroenterologia , Humanos , Índia , Sociedades Médicas
16.
Indian J Gastroenterol ; 31(6): 299-306, 2012 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23073755

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), both ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD), once thought to be uncommon, is now seen commonly in India. The Indian Society of Gastroenterology (ISG) Task Force on IBD decided to collate data on the clinical spectrum of IBD currently prevailing in India. METHODS: An open call to members of ISG was given through publication of a proforma questionnaire in the Indian Journal of Gastroenterology and the web portal of ISG. The proforma contained questions related with demographic features, family history, risk factors, clinical manifestations and characteristics, course of disease, and pattern of treatment of IBD. RESULTS: Of 1,255 filled questionnaires received, 96 were rejected and 1,159 (92.3 %) were analyzed. This comprised data on 745 (64.3 %) patients with UC, 409 (35.3 %) with CD, and 5 with indeterminate colitis. The median duration of illness was longer in patients with CD (48 months) compared to those with UC (24 months) (p = 0.002). More than one half of patients (UC 51.6 %, CD 56.9 %) had one or more extraintestinal symptoms. A definite family history of IBD was present in 2.9 % (UC 2.3 % and CD 4.6 %; p = 0.12). The extent of disease in UC was pancolitis 42.8 %, left-sided colitis 38.8 %, and proctitis alone in 18.3 %. The extent of disease involvement in CD was both small and large intestine in 39.6 %, colon alone in 31.4 % and small intestine alone in 28.9 %. Stricturing and fistulizing disease were noted in 18.8 % and 4.4 % of patients with CD respectively. Chronic continuous and intermittent disease course were present in 35.5 % and 47.2 % of UC patients respectively, and in 23.1 % and 68.8 % of CD patients. Four percent of patients with UC had undergone colectomy, while 15.2 % of patients with CD underwent surgical intervention. CONCLUSIONS: The present survey provides a reasonable picture of the demographic features and clinical manifestations of Indian patients with IBD, their risk factors, course of disease, and the treatment given to them.


Assuntos
Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/complicações , Fístula Intestinal/etiologia , Intestinos/patologia , Adulto , Constrição Patológica/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/genética , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/terapia , Masculino , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
18.
Indian J Gastroenterol ; 31(3): 121-4, 2012 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22791463

RESUMO

Transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation (tLESR) and decreased basal lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure are postulated mechanisms of gastroesophageal reflux (GER). There is conflicting evidence on the effect of carbonated drinks on lower esophageal sphincter function. This study was conducted to assess the effect of a carbonated beverage on tLESR and LES pressure. High resolution manometry tracings (16 channel water-perfused, Trace 1.2, Hebbard, Australia) were obtained in 18 healthy volunteers (6 men) for 30 min each at baseline, and after 200 mL of chilled potable water and 200 mL of chilled carbonated cola drink (Pepsi [Pepsico India Ltd]). The sequence of administration of the drinks was determined by random number method generated by a computer. The analysis of tracings was done using TRACE 1.2 software by a physician who was unaware of the sequence of administration of fluids. The mean (SD) age of the participant was 37.3 (12.9) years. The median (range) frequency of tLESr was higher after the carbonated beverage (10.5 [0-26]) as compared to baseline (0 [0-3], p = 0.005) as well as after water (1 [0-14], p = 0.010). The LES pressure decreased after ingestion of the carbonated beverage (18.5 [11-37] mmHg) compared to baseline (40.5 [25-66] mmHg, p = 0.0001) and after water (34 [15-67] mmHg, p = 0.003). Gastric pressure was not different in the three groups. Ingestion of a carbonated beverage increases tLESr and lowers LES pressure in healthy subjects.


Assuntos
Bebidas Gaseificadas/efeitos adversos , Esfíncter Esofágico Inferior/fisiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Relaxamento Muscular/fisiologia , Pressão , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Clin Gastroenterol ; 46(5): 356-66, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22499071

RESUMO

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is common in western Europe and North America, and many aspects of its epidemiology, risk factors, and natural history have been described in these regions. Recent data suggest, however, that IBS is also common in the rest of the world and there has been some evidence to suggest some differences in demographics and presenting features between IBS in the west and as it is experienced elsewhere. The World Gastroenterology Organization, therefore, established a Task Force comprising experts on the topic from all parts of the world to examine IBS from a global perspective. IBS does, indeed, seem to be common worldwide though with some significant variations in prevalence rates between regions and countries and there may well be some potentially interesting variations in presenting symptoms and sex distribution. The global map of IBS is far from complete; community-based prevalence data is not available from many areas. Furthermore, while some general trends are evident in terms of IBS impact and demographics, international comparisons are hampered by differences in diagnostic criteria, study location and methodology; several important unanswered questions have been identified that should form the basis for future collaborative research and have the potential to shed light on this challenging disorder.


Assuntos
Saúde Global , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/diagnóstico , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/epidemiologia , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/patologia , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Adulto Jovem
20.
Trop Gastroenterol ; 33(4): 257-64, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23923351

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Malnutrition is commonly associated with chronic liver disease. The presence of protein-calorie malnutrition has been shown to be associated with increased short- and long-term mortality in patients with acute and chronic liver disease. We undertook this study to assess the prognostic value of nutritional status in predicting survival in cirrhotic patients. The aim of our study was to determine whether assessment of nutritional status using the RFH-SGA score adds significantly to CP (Child-Pugh) and MELD scores in predicting patient prognosis and survival in cirrhotic patients. METHODS: Diagnosed cases of cirrhosis were enrolled and their nutritional assessment was done using the RFH-SGA score. All patients were followed up for a period of 6 months. The mortality rates in the various groups were compared with respect to their nutritional status. Multivariate analysis was used to determine the factors associated with mortality. RESULTS: A total of 73 cirrhotic patients were taken up for this study. Of these, 23 patients (31.5%) were well nourished, 21 (28.8%) had mild to moderate malnourishment and 29 (39.7%) were severely malnourished. Multivariate analyses of various parameters identified poor nutritional status, increased CP grade, increased creatinine, lower sodium levels and longer prothrombin time as being independently associated with poorer survival. CONCLUSIONS: RFH-SGA is a simple and inexpensive tool for assessing the nutritional status in cirrhotic patients and can reliably predict their disease prognosis and survival.


Assuntos
Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Estado Nutricional , Medição de Risco/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Índia/epidemiologia , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/mortalidade , Masculino , Desnutrição/epidemiologia , Desnutrição/etiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...