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1.
Genet Med ; 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578471

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Lamb-Shaffer syndrome (LAMSHF) is a neurodevelopmental disorder described in just over two dozen patients with heterozygous genetic alterations involving SOX5, a gene encoding a transcription factor regulating cell fate and differentiation in neurogenesis and other discrete developmental processes. The genetic alterations described so far are mainly microdeletions. The present study was aimed at increasing our understanding of LAMSHF, its clinical and genetic spectrum, and the pathophysiological mechanisms involved. METHODS: Clinical and genetic data were collected through GeneMatcher and clinical or genetic networks for 41 novel patients harboring various types ofSOX5 alterations. Functional consequences of selected substitutions were investigated. RESULTS: Microdeletions and truncating variants occurred throughout SOX5. In contrast, most missense variants clustered in the pivotal SOX-specific high-mobility-group domain. The latter variants prevented SOX5 from binding DNA and promoting transactivation in vitro, whereas missense variants located outside the high-mobility-group domain did not. Clinical manifestations and severity varied among patients. No clear genotype-phenotype correlations were found, except that missense variants outside the high-mobility-group domain were generally better tolerated. CONCLUSIONS: This study extends the clinical and genetic spectrum associated with LAMSHF and consolidates evidence that SOX5 haploinsufficiency leads to variable degrees of intellectual disability, language delay, and other clinical features.

2.
Nat Med ; 25(7): 1116-1122, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31263281

RESUMO

The treatment of lymphatic anomaly, a rare devastating disease spectrum of mostly unknown etiologies, depends on the patient manifestations1. Identifying the causal genes will allow for developing affordable therapies in keeping with precision medicine implementation2. Here we identified a recurrent gain-of-function ARAF mutation (c.640T>C:p.S214P) in a 12-year-old boy with advanced anomalous lymphatic disease unresponsive to conventional sirolimus therapy and in another, unrelated, adult patient. The mutation led to loss of a conserved phosphorylation site. Cells transduced with ARAF-S214P showed elevated ERK1/2 activity, enhanced lymphangiogenic capacity, and disassembly of actin skeleton and VE-cadherin junctions, which were rescued using the MEK inhibitor trametinib. The functional relevance of the mutation was also validated by recreating a lymphatic phenotype in a zebrafish model, with rescue of the anomalous phenotype using a MEK inhibitor. Subsequent therapy of the lead proband with a MEK inhibitor led to dramatic clinical improvement, with remodeling of the patient's lymphatic system with resolution of the lymphatic edema, marked improvement in his pulmonary function tests, cessation of supplemental oxygen requirements and near normalization of daily activities. Our results provide a representative demonstration of how knowledge of genetic classification and mechanistic understanding guides biologically based medical treatments, which in our instance was life-saving.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Linfáticas/genética , Quinases de Proteína Quinase Ativadas por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Mutação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas A-raf/genética , Piridonas/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinonas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Animais , Criança , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Anormalidades Linfáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma , Peixe-Zebra
3.
Am J Med Genet A ; 179(8): 1442-1450, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31111620

RESUMO

Muenke syndrome (MIM #602849), the most common syndromic craniosynostosis, results from the recurrent pathogenic p.P250R variant in FGFR3. Affected patients exhibit wide phenotypic variability. Common features include coronal craniosynostosis, hearing loss, carpal and tarsal anomalies, and developmental/behavioral issues. Our study examined the phenotypic findings, medical management, and surgical outcomes in a cohort of 26 probands with Muenke syndrome identified at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. All probands had craniosynostosis; 69.7% had bicoronal synostosis only, or bicoronal and additional suture synostosis. Three male patients had autism spectrum disorder. Recurrent ear infections were the most common comorbidity, and myringotomy tube placement the most common extracranial surgical procedure. Most patients (76%) required only one fronto-orbital advancement. de novo mutations were confirmed in 33% of the families in which proband and both parents were genetically tested, while in the remaining 66% one of the parents was a mutation carrier. In affected parents, 40% had craniosynostosis, including 71% of mothers and 13% of fathers. We additionally analyzed the medical resource utilization of probands with Muenke syndrome. To our knowledge, these data represent the first comprehensive examination of long-term management in a large cohort of patients with Muenke syndrome. Our study adds valuable information regarding neuropsychiatric and medical comorbidities, and highlights findings in affected relatives.

4.
J Mol Diagn ; 21(1): 38-48, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30577886

RESUMO

Clinical exome sequencing (CES) has a reported diagnostic yield of 20% to 30% for most clinical indications. The ongoing discovery of novel gene-disease and variant-disease associations are expected to increase the diagnostic yield of CES. Performing systematic reanalysis of previously nondiagnostic CES samples represents a significant challenge for clinical laboratories. Here, we present the results of a novel automated reanalysis methodology applied to 300 CES samples initially analyzed between June 2014 and September 2016. Application of our reanalysis methodology reduced reanalysis variant analysis burden by >93% and correctly captured 70 of 70 previously identified diagnostic variants among 60 samples with previously identified diagnoses. Notably, reanalysis of 240 initially nondiagnostic samples using information available on July 1, 2017, revealed 38 novel diagnoses, representing a 15.8% increase in diagnostic yield. Modeling monthly iterative reanalysis of 240 nondiagnostic samples revealed a diagnostic rate of 0.57% of samples per month. Modeling the workload required for monthly iterative reanalysis of nondiagnostic samples revealed a variant analysis burden of approximately 5 variants/month for proband-only and approximately 0.5 variants/month for trio samples. Approximately 45% of samples required evaluation during each monthly interval, and 61.3% of samples were reevaluated across three consecutive reanalyses. In sum, automated reanalysis methods can facilitate efficient reevaluation of nondiagnostic samples using up-to-date literature and can provide significant value to clinical laboratories.

5.
Eur J Med Genet ; 2018 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30472488

RESUMO

The SPECC1L protein plays a role in adherens junctions involved in cell adhesion, actin cytoskeleton organization, microtubule stabilization, spindle organization and cytokinesis. It modulates PI3K-AKT signaling and controls cranial neural crest cell delamination during facial morphogenesis. SPECC1L causative variants were first identified in individuals with oblique facial clefts. Recently, causative variants in SPECC1L were reported in a pedigree reported in 1988 as atypical Opitz GBBB syndrome. Six families with SPECC1L variants have been reported thus far. We report here eight further pedigrees with SPECC1L variants, including a three-generation family, and a further individual of a previously published family. We discuss the nosology of Teebi and GBBB, and the syndromes related to SPECC1L variants. Although the phenotype of individuals with SPECC1L mutations shows overlap with Opitz syndrome in its craniofacial anomalies, the canonical laryngeal malformations and male genital anomalies are not observed. Instead, individuals with SPECCL1 variants have branchial fistulae, omphalocele, diaphragmatic hernias, and uterus didelphis. We also point to the clinical overlap of SPECC1L syndrome with mild Baraitser-Winter craniofrontofacial syndrome: they share similar dysmorphic features (wide, short nose with a large tip, cleft lip and palate, blepharoptosis, retrognathia, and craniosynostosis), although intellectual disability, neuronal migration defect, and muscular problems remain largely specific to Baraitser-Winter syndrome. In conclusion, we suggest that patients with pathogenic variants in SPECC1L should not be described as "dominant (or type 2) Opitz GBBB syndrome", and instead should be referred to as "SPECC1L syndrome" as both disorders show distinctive, non overlapping developmental anomalies beyond facial communalities.

6.
Am J Med Genet A ; 2018 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30450772

RESUMO

SOX2 is a transcription factor that is essential for maintenance of pluripotency and has several conserved roles in early embryonic development. Heterozygous loss-of-function variants in SOX2 are identified in approximately 40% of all cases of bilateral anophthalmia/micropthalmia (A/M). Increasingly SOX2 mutation-positive patients without major eye findings, but with a range of other developmental disorders including autism, mild to moderate intellectual disability with or without structural brain changes, esophageal atresia, urogenital anomalies, and endocrinopathy are being reported, suggesting that the clinical phenotype associated with SOX2 loss is much broader than previously appreciated. In this report we describe six new cases, four of which carry novel pathogenic SOX2 variants. Four cases presented with bilateral anophthalmia in addition to extraocular involvement. Another individual presented with only unilateral anophthalmia. One individual did not have any eye findings but presented with a suprasellar teratoma in infancy and was found to have the recurrent c.70del20 mutation in SOX2 (c.70_89del, p.Asn24Argfs*65). This is this first time this tumor type has been reported in the context of a de novo SOX2 mutation. Notably, individuals with hypothalamic hamartomas and slow-growing hypothalamo-pituitary tumors have been reported previously, but it is still unclear how SOX2 loss contributes to their formation.

8.
Cleft Palate Craniofac J ; : 1055665618775725, 2018 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29750572

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Facial asymmetry is a common referral indication for craniofacial teams but has a wide range of causes. Prompt identification of etiology is critical to treatment, as medical and surgical interventions vary depending on the cause of asymmetry in each patient. SOLUTION: A standardized diagnostic algorithm. What We Did That Is New: We developed an algorithm to assist in the diagnostic evaluation of facial asymmetry with a focus on next steps for medically actionable causes.

9.
Am J Med Genet A ; 176(4): 969-972, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29446546

RESUMO

Myelin Regulatory Factor (MYRF) is a transcription factor that has previously been associated with the control of the expression of myelin-related genes. However, it is highly expressed in human tissues and mouse embryonic tissues outside the nervous system such as the stomach, lung, and small intestine. It has not previously been reported as a cause of any Mendelian disease. We report here two males with Scimitar syndrome [MIM 106700], and other features including penoscrotal hypospadias, cryptorchidism, pulmonary hypoplasia, tracheal anomalies, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, cleft spleen, thymic involution, and thyroid fibrosis. Gross neurologic functioning appears to be within normal limits. In both individuals a de novo variant in MYRF was identified using exome sequencing. Neither variant is found in gnomAD. Heterozygous variants in MYRF should be considered in patients with variants of Scimitar syndrome and urogenital anomalies.

10.
Am J Med Genet A ; 176(1): 75-81, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29130604

RESUMO

Individuals with Tumor Protein P63 (TP63)-related disorders are known to present with a range of phenotypic features, including ectrodactyly, ectodermal dysplasia, cleft lip/palate, Rapp-Hodgkin, Hay-Wells, and limb-mammary syndromes. We present six individuals from three families, including a set of monozygotic twins, with pathogenic TP63 variants who had novel clinical findings. The twins were discordant for cleft lip and palate, and the type of hand malformations, but concordant for choanal atresia, and bilateral volar nail. Both failed newborn screening for severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) due to T-cell lymphopenia. The second family included three family members across two generations. Two of these three family members had orofacial clefting, but the remaining child had a laryngeal web and hydrocele with no clefting or hand anomalies, highlighting the variable expressivity in TP63-related disorders. The individual from the third family had unilateral cleft lip and palate, hydronephrosis, and bilateral volar nails. Together, these cases illustrate that: there is significant familial variability, including discordant major but concordant minor anomalies in the first ever reported set of molecularly confirmed monozygotic twins with pathogenic variants in TP63; pathogenic variants in TP63 should be considered in individuals with volar nail, which was previously only strongly associated with 4q34 deletion syndrome; and failed SCID newborn screening due to abnormal immune functioning may be part of the phenotypic spectrum of TP63-related disorders, as it was reported in one prior individual and two of the individuals in our case series.


Assuntos
Estudos de Associação Genética , Mutação , Fenótipo , Fatores de Transcrição , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor , Gêmeos Monozigóticos , Adolescente , Adulto , Alelos , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Facies , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Linhagem , Adulto Jovem
11.
Am J Hum Genet ; 101(6): 985-994, 2017 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29198724

RESUMO

Bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) in chromosomal region 20p12 belongs to a gene superfamily encoding TGF-ß-signaling proteins involved in bone and cartilage biology. Monoallelic deletions of 20p12 are variably associated with cleft palate, short stature, and developmental delay. Here, we report a cranioskeletal phenotype due to monoallelic truncating and frameshift BMP2 variants and deletions in 12 individuals from eight unrelated families that share features of short stature, a recognizable craniofacial gestalt, skeletal anomalies, and congenital heart disease. De novo occurrence and autosomal-dominant inheritance of variants, including paternal mosaicism in two affected sisters who inherited a BMP2 splice-altering variant, were observed across all reported families. Additionally, we observed similarity to the human phenotype of short stature and skeletal anomalies in a heterozygous Bmp2-knockout mouse model, suggesting that haploinsufficiency of BMP2 could be the primary phenotypic determinant in individuals with predicted truncating variants and deletions encompassing BMP2. These findings demonstrate the important role of BMP2 in human craniofacial, skeletal, and cardiac development and confirm that individuals heterozygous for BMP2 truncating sequence variants or deletions display a consistent distinct phenotype characterized by short stature and skeletal and cardiac anomalies without neurological deficits.


Assuntos
Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 2/genética , Anormalidades Craniofaciais/genética , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/genética , Nanismo/genética , Haploinsuficiência/genética , Cardiopatias Congênitas/genética , Animais , Osso e Ossos/embriologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cromossomos Humanos Par 20/genética , Fissura Palatina/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Coração/embriologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética
12.
Am J Hum Genet ; 101(5): 768-788, 2017 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29100089

RESUMO

Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CAMK2) is one of the first proteins shown to be essential for normal learning and synaptic plasticity in mice, but its requirement for human brain development has not yet been established. Through a multi-center collaborative study based on a whole-exome sequencing approach, we identified 19 exceedingly rare de novo CAMK2A or CAMK2B variants in 24 unrelated individuals with intellectual disability. Variants were assessed for their effect on CAMK2 function and on neuronal migration. For both CAMK2A and CAMK2B, we identified mutations that decreased or increased CAMK2 auto-phosphorylation at Thr286/Thr287. We further found that all mutations affecting auto-phosphorylation also affected neuronal migration, highlighting the importance of tightly regulated CAMK2 auto-phosphorylation in neuronal function and neurodevelopment. Our data establish the importance of CAMK2A and CAMK2B and their auto-phosphorylation in human brain function and expand the phenotypic spectrum of the disorders caused by variants in key players of the glutamatergic signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Proteína Quinase Tipo 2 Dependente de Cálcio-Calmodulina/genética , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Mutação/genética , Animais , Encéfalo/patologia , Linhagem Celular , Exoma/genética , Feminino , Ácido Glutâmico/genética , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neurônios/patologia , Fosforilação/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética
14.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 3847, 2017 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28630421

RESUMO

We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of anorexia nervosa (AN) using a stringently defined phenotype. Analysis of phenotypic variability led to the identification of a specific genetic risk factor that approached genome-wide significance (rs929626 in EBF1 (Early B-Cell Factor 1); P = 2.04 × 10-7; OR = 0.7; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.61-0.8) with independent replication (P = 0.04), suggesting a variant-mediated dysregulation of leptin signaling may play a role in AN. Multiple SNPs in LD with the variant support the nominal association. This demonstrates that although the clinical and etiologic heterogeneity of AN is universally recognized, further careful sub-typing of cases may provide more precise genomic signals. In this study, through a refinement of the phenotype spectrum of AN, we present a replicable GWAS signal that is nominally associated with AN, highlighting a potentially important candidate locus for further investigation.

15.
Genet Med ; 19(1): 62-68, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27228464

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Because a tracheal cartilaginous sleeve (TCS) confers a significant mortality risk that can be mitigated with appropriate intervention, we sought to describe the prevalence and associated genotypes in a large cohort of children with syndromic craniosynostosis. METHODS: Chart review of patients with syndromic craniosynostosis across two institutions. RESULTS: In a cohort of 86 patients with syndromic craniosynostosis, 31 required airway evaluation under anesthesia. TCS was found in 19, for an overall prevalence of 22%. FGFR2, TWIST1, and FGFR3 mutations were identified in children with TCS. All five children with a W290C mutation in FGFR2 had TCS, and most previously reported children with W290C had identification of TCS or early death. In contrast, TCS was not associated with other mutations at residue 290. CONCLUSION: There is an association between TCS and syndromic craniosynostosis, and it appears to be particularly high in individuals with the W290C mutation in FGFR2. Referral to a pediatric otolaryngologist and consideration of operative airway evaluation (i.e., bronchoscopy or rigid endoscopy) in all patients with syndromic craniosynostosis should be considered to evaluate for TCS. Results from genetic testing may help providers weigh the risks and benefits of early airway evaluation and intervention in children with higher-risk genotypes.Genet Med 19 1, 62-68.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas/genética , Craniossinostoses/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Receptor Tipo 2 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Receptor Tipo 3 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Proteína 1 Relacionada a Twist/genética , Anormalidades Múltiplas/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Cartilagem/metabolismo , Cartilagem/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Craniossinostoses/diagnóstico , Craniossinostoses/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Testes Genéticos , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação , Traqueia/metabolismo , Traqueia/patologia
16.
Genet Med ; 19(6): 715-718, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27763634

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: RASopathies include disorders generally characterized by developmental delay, specific heart defects, short stature, cardiac hypertrophy, and facial dysmorphisms. Next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based panels have widespread acceptance as a diagnostic tool for RASopathies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The first 126 patients evaluated by clinical examination and the NGS RASopathy panel at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia were enrolled. We calculated diagnosis rate, correlated reported clinical findings with positive or negative test results, and identified final molecular diagnoses in 28/96 patients who tested negative for RASopathies. RESULTS: Twenty-four patients had pathogenic variants on the RASopathy panel, for a diagnostic yield of 19%. Reported features of pulmonic stenosis and ptosis were significantly correlated with a positive test result; no reported features were significantly correlated with a negative test result. We identified 27 different alternative diagnoses for patients originally suspected of having RASopathies. DISCUSSION: This study provides information that can assist in guiding differential diagnosis and genetic testing for patients suspected of having a RASopathy disorder.Genet Med advance online publication 20 October 2016.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Costello/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Síndrome LEOPARD/genética , Síndrome de Noonan/genética , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Fenótipo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Proteínas ras/metabolismo
17.
Am J Hum Genet ; 98(4): 782-8, 2016 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27040691

RESUMO

Through an international multi-center collaboration, 13 individuals from nine unrelated families and affected by likely pathogenic biallelic variants in TBC1-domain-containing kinase (TBCK) were identified through whole-exome sequencing. All affected individuals were found to share a core phenotype of intellectual disability and hypotonia, and many had seizures and showed brain atrophy and white-matter changes on neuroimaging. Minor non-specific facial dysmorphism was also noted in some individuals, including multiple older children who developed coarse features similar to those of storage disorders. TBCK has been shown to regulate the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway, which is also stimulated by exogenous leucine supplementation. TBCK was absent in cells from affected individuals, and decreased phosphorylation of phospho-ribosomal protein S6 was also observed, a finding suggestive of downregulation of mTOR signaling. Lastly, we demonstrated that activation of the mTOR pathway in response to L-leucine supplementation was retained, suggesting a possible avenue for directed therapies for this condition.


Assuntos
Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Hipotonia Muscular/genética , Mutação , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Alelos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Grupos de Populações Continentais/genética , Feminino , Variação Genética , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/diagnóstico , Masculino , Hipotonia Muscular/diagnóstico , Transdução de Sinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
18.
Genet Med ; 18(4): 309-15, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26248010

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Maternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 20 (UPD(20)mat) has been reported in only four patients, three of whom also had mosaicism for complete or partial trisomy of chromosome 20. We sought to evaluate the clinical significance of isolated UPD(20)mat in eight individuals. METHODS: We evaluated phenotypic and genomic findings of a series of eight new patients with UPD(20)mat. RESULTS: All eight individuals with UPD(20)mat had intrauterine growth restriction, short stature, and prominent feeding difficulties with failure to thrive. As a common feature, they often required gastric tube feeds. Genomic data in most patients are indicative of UPD as a result of trisomy rescue after meiosis II nondisjunction. CONCLUSION: We describe the first natural history of the disorder and the results of therapeutic interventions, including the frequent requirement of direct gastric feedings only during the first few years of life, and propose that growth hormone supplementation is probably safe and effective for this condition. We suggest that UPD(20)mat can be regarded as a new imprinting disorder and its identification requires specialized molecular testing, which should be performed in patients with early-onset idiopathic isolated growth failure.Genet Med 18 4, 309-315.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 20 , Transtornos do Crescimento/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Crescimento/genética , Dissomia Uniparental/diagnóstico , Dissomia Uniparental/genética , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Facies , Feminino , Impressão Genômica , Genótipo , Transtornos do Crescimento/tratamento farmacológico , Hormônio do Crescimento Humano/deficiência , Hormônio do Crescimento Humano/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Repetições de Microssatélites , Mosaicismo , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
19.
Am J Med Genet A ; 170A(2): 482-486, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26471230

RESUMO

Hardikar syndrome is a multiple congenital anomaly syndrome first characterized in 1992 by Hardikar et al. to describe two individuals with cholestasis, cleft lip/palate, retinal pigmentation, intestinal abnormalities, and genitourinary anomalies. Between 1992 and 2002, four individuals with Hardikar syndrome were reported in the literature. The fourth individual [Maluf et al. (2002), Transplantation 74:1058-1061; Poley and Proud (2008) Am J Med Genet Part A 146A:2473-2479], who had progressive cholestatic liver disease ultimately requiring liver transplantation, has continued to be followed at our institution. Recently, at the age of 14 years, during an evaluation for refractory hypertension, she was found to have developed coarctation of the aorta that was treated with aortic angioplasty and stenting, dramatically improving her hypertension. Further vascular investigation also revealed a small aneurysm of her carotid artery requiring neurosurgical evaluation and anticoagulant therapy. To our knowledge, these vascular anomalies have not been reported in Hardikar syndrome and the high association of congenital heart disease in the individuals with Hardikar syndrome has not been further addressed. Herein, we discuss this additional clinical information, speculate briefly on possible molecular etiologies, and discuss potential cardiac surveillance recommendations. We hope that broadening the known phenotype of this very rare disorder will further aid clinicians in their management and surveillance for these individuals.


Assuntos
Aneurisma/etiologia , Coartação Aórtica/etiologia , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/etiologia , Colestase/complicações , Fissura Palatina/complicações , Retinite Pigmentosa/complicações , Aneurisma/patologia , Coartação Aórtica/patologia , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/patologia , Colestase/patologia , Fissura Palatina/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Prognóstico , Retinite Pigmentosa/patologia
20.
Am J Med Genet A ; 167A(11): 2497-502, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26111080

RESUMO

Teebi hypertelorism syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disorder that has eluded a molecular etiology since first described in 1987. Here we report on two unrelated families with a Teebi hypertelorism-like syndrome and Teebi hypertelorism phenotype who have missense mutations in Sperm Antigen With Calponin Homology And Coiled-Coil Domains (SPECC1L), previously associated with oblique facial clefting and Opitz G/BBB syndrome. The first patient and his affected mother were previously-reported by Hoffman et al. in this journal as a new syndrome resembling Teebi hypertelorism and Aarskog syndromes in 2007. This patient had hypertelorism, sagittal and coronal craniosynostosis, ptosis, natal teeth, unusual umbilicus, shawl scrotum, small hands, and feet, with grossly normal development. Our second patient had classic Teebi hypertelorism syndrome with hypertelorism and a giant umbilical hernia. Patient one and his affected mother had a c.1260G>C:p.E420D variant and patient two had a de novo c.1198_1203delATACAC:p.I400_H401del variant in SPECC1L. We review the phenotypic findings in the previously-published Teebi hypertelorism syndrome patients, and the Opitz G/BBB patients with SPECC1L mutations. In addition we emphasize the findings of aortic root dilation and craniosynostosis in these patients, which should be considered in their management.


Assuntos
Hipertelorismo/genética , Mutação/genética , Fosfoproteínas/genética , Anormalidades Múltiplas , Adolescente , Sequência de Bases , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Anormalidades Craniofaciais , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Facies , Família , Deformidades Congênitas do Pé , Deformidades Congênitas da Mão , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Fenótipo
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