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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 820: 153083, 2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35033567

RESUMO

The effects of lignin (LIG) on coal gangue (CG) pyrolysis characteristics, gas emissions, and multi-lump parallel reaction modeling are studied in this paper. The combined thermogravimetry and Fourier infrared spectrometer were used to obtain the weight loss and gas product functional group data of the co-pyrolysis of coal gangue and lignin. Gaussian peaks were used to analyze the reaction degree of different proportions of lignin added to coal gangue at different temperatures. Moreover, principal component analysis (PCA) is applied to further analyze pyrolysis reaction process. During the pyrolysis of C1L3 samples, a synergistic interaction was discovered. The optimal mixing ratio of coal gangue and lignin during pyrolysis was obtained. The influence mechanism of lignin on coal gangue pyrolysis is studied in this article, which can provide technical support for the reduction and resource utilization of coal gangue. There are six-lump parallel reactions in pyrolysis after CG and LIG are mixed. The addition of LIG changed the CO2 release law of CG pyrolysis. The strengthening of coal gangue disposal research is of positive significance for improving the environment and increasing the utilization rate of coal.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 804: 150217, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520910

RESUMO

Co-pyrolysis technology of urban solid waste and biomass has broad application prospects in alleviating energy crisis and environmental pollution. In this study, thermogravimetric-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (TG-FTIR) was used to study the co-pyrolysis characteristics of coal gangue (CG) and coffee industry residue (CIR). CG and CIR were uniformly mixed according to the mass ratios of 1: 0, 7:3, 5:5, 3:7, and 0:1. Then the samples were heated and pyrolyzed in an atmosphere with a nitrogen flow rate of 60 mL/min. As the proportion of CG increased, the comprehensive pyrolysis index (CPI) showed an exponential decrease. FTIR detected that the gas produced by pyrolysis of CG-CIR contained hydroxyl compounds, hydrocarbons, CO2, CO, Phenols, and NH3. CG-CIR co-pyrolysis had obvious interaction. By using Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose (KAS) and Flynn-Wall-Ozawa (FWO) methods, the relationship between activation energy (Eα) and kinetic parameters and conversion degree was studied. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to determine the principal reaction of CG-CIR pyrolysis. ANN 21 was the best model for predicting the pyrolysis of CG-CIR.


Assuntos
Carvão Mineral , Pirólise , Biomassa , Carvão Mineral/análise , Café , Cinética , Idioma , Termodinâmica , Termogravimetria
3.
Sci Total Environ ; 798: 149290, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34340093

RESUMO

The pyrolysis experiment of biomass added to coal gangue was studied by thermogravimetric-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy-mass spectrometry (TG-FTIR-MS) method. The multi-component reaction model was used to simulate the pyrolysis reaction of coal gangue and biomass. The most suitable model was obtained, and the pyrolysis mechanism was analyzed. According to the two-component reaction model of CG pyrolysis, the decomposition temperature range of components in CG is 340-800 °C and 400-620 °C. The five-component reaction model can well simulate the pyrolysis process of coal gangue and biomass. Meanwhile, the effects of different proportions of biomass in the mixture on the gas products of coal gangue pyrolysis were analyzed. It was found that the addition of biomass to coal gangue could promote the release of gaseous organic matter during pyrolysis. CG75PS25 only has a synergistic effect in the high temperature zone greater than 600 °C. CG25PS75 only has a synergistic effect in a small range of 230-300 °C, and there is an inhibitory effect in other temperature ranges. In general, there is an inhibitory effect between coal gangue and biomass on CO2 formation, which is of positive significance for greenhouse gas emission reduction.


Assuntos
Carvão Mineral , Pirólise , Biomassa , Carvão Mineral/análise , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Termogravimetria
4.
Sci Total Environ ; 751: 142293, 2021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181995

RESUMO

The harm done to the environment by coal gangue was very serious, and it is urgent to adopt effective methods to dispose of coal gangue in order to prevent further environmental damage. Co-pyrolysis experiments of coal gangue (CG) and peanut shell (PS) were carried out using thermogravimetry-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (TG-FTIR) under nitrogen atmosphere. The heavy metal was detected using the inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES). CG and PS were mixed according to the mass ratio of 1:0, 3:1, 1:1, 1:3 and 0:1. The samples were heated to 1000 °C at the heating rate of 10 °C/min, 20 °C/min and 30 °C/min. The comprehensive pyrolysis index (CPI) of CG, C3P1, C1P1, C1P3 and PS is 0.17 × 10-8, 9.75 × 10-8, 35.47 × 10-8, 100.94 × 10-8 and 192.72 × 10-8%2 ·min-2·°C-3. The kinetic parameters were calculated by model-free methods (Flynn-Wall-Ozawa and Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose). The gas products generated at different temperatures during the pyrolysis experiment were detected by Fourier transform infrared spectrometer. The heating rate, temperature and mixing ratio are the input parameters of artificial neural network (ANN), and the remaining mass percentage of sample during the pyrolysis is the output parameter. The ANN model was established and used to predict thermogravimetric experimental data. The ANN18 model is the best model for predicting the co-pyrolysis of CG and PS.


Assuntos
Carvão Mineral , Pirólise , Biomassa , Carvão Mineral/análise , Cinética , Redes Neurais de Computação , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
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