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1.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 47(10): 784-789, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648460

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the long-term efficacy of a second generation biodegradable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent (EXCEL2) in treating patients with de novo coronary artery diseases. Methods: CREDIT Ⅱ trial was a prospective, multicenter, randomized, controlled study, conducted at 15 Chinese cardiac centres from November 2013 to December 2014. In this analysis, eligible patients for coronary stenting (n=419) were randomized to receive either the EXCEL2 stent (n=208) or the EXCEL stent (n=211). The primary endpoint was target lesion failure (TLF) at 3 years after PCI defined as a composite endpoints of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction (TVMI), or clinically indicated target lesion revascularization (CI-TLR). Secondary endpoints included patient-oriented composite endpoint (PoCE) including all-cause death, all MI, or any revascularization at 3 years and independent components, and stent thrombosis according to Academic Research Consortium's (ARC) definition. Results: Among 419 enrolled patients, 413 (98.6%) patients completed 3-year clinical follow-up. Compared with the EXCEL group, 3-year TLF (5.4%(11/204) vs. 11.5% (24/209), P=0.025) and PoCE (9.8% (20/204) vs. 20.1% (42/209), P=0.003) were significantly lower in the EXCEL2 group. The cumulative event rate of CI-TLR (2.0% (4/204) vs. 5.7% (12/209), P=0.042) and any revascularization (4.9% (10/204) vs. 14.4% (30/209), P=0.001) were statistically lower in the EXCEL2 group than in the EXCEL group. There were no significant difference between two groups in terms of all-cause death and all MI. Rates of stent thrombosis were low without significant difference between the two groups (EXCEL2 vs. EXCEL, 1.0% (2/204) vs. 2.9% (6/209), P=0.285). Conclusion: 3-year clinical follow-up results demonstrate that EXCEL2 stents are effective and safe in treating CAD patients with de novo coronary lesions.


Assuntos
Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos , Sirolimo/administração & dosagem , Implantes Absorvíveis , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Polímeros , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 47(10): 790-797, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648461

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the value of SYNTAX revascularization index (SRI) on evaluating the long-term prognosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) patients implanted with biodegradable polymer drug-eluting stents (BP-DES) and define the best threshold of SRI for predicting all-cause mortality in these patients. Methods: Data used in this study derived from the I-LOVE-IT 2 trial (evaluate safety and effectiveness of the Tivoli DES and the Firebird DES for treatment of coronary). I-LOVE-IT 2 trial was a prospective, multicenter, randomized, assessor-blinded, non-inferiority study. A total of 1 829 patients implanted with BP-DES were divided into 3 groups, namely SRI=100% group (n=963), 50%≤SRI<100% group (n=527) and SRI<50% group (n=339). The primary endpoint was 48-month patient-oriented composite endpoint (PoCE), a composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction(MI), stroke, and/or any revascularization. The secondary endpoints were components of PoCE and definite/probable stent thrombosis at 48 months. The receiver operating characteristic curve was used to investigate the best cut-off point of SRI for 48-month all-cause mortality. The Cox regression analysis was used to identify independent predictors of the all-cause death and PoCE at 48 months. Results: Incidence of PoCE at 48 months was significantly lower in SRI=100% group than patients with 50%≤SRI<100%(17.34% (167/963) vs. 22.20% (117/527), P<0.05) and SRI<50% (17.34% (167/963) vs. 24.78% (84/339), P<0.05). Comparing with SRI=100% group, the patients with 50%≤SRI<100% suffered higher rates of all MI (7.78% (41/527) vs. 4.26% (41/963), P<0.05) and target vessel MI (6.45% (34/527) vs. 4.26% (41/963), P<0.05); patients with SRI<50% had higher rates of all-cause mortality (5.90% (20/339) vs. 3.12% (30/963), P<0.05) and any revascularization (14.16% (48/339) vs. 3.12% (30/963), P<0.05). The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that the SRI=65% was the best cut-off point to predict the all-cause mortality at 48 months (area under the curve was 0.58, sensitive was 0.47, specificity was 0.70). Meanwhile, SRI<65% was an independent predictor of 48-month all-cause mortality (HR=2.06, 95%CI 1.25-3.38) and PoCE (HR=1.34, 95%CI 1.09-1.66). Conclusions: SRI serves as a good index for predicting long-term prognosis and SRI<65% is an independent predictor of 48-month PoCE and all-cause mortality for CAD patients with BP-DES implantation. Meanwhile, SRI≥65% might be a reasonable threshold of incomplete revascularization.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos , Implantes Absorvíveis , Humanos , Mortalidade , Polímeros , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
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