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1.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 74: e1234, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721907

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This prospective, randomized, open-label study aimed to compare the effects of antihypertensive treatment based on amlodipine or hydrochlorothiazide on the circulating microparticles and central blood pressure values of hypertensive patients. METHODS: The effects of treatments on circulating microparticles were assessed during monotherapy and after the consecutive addition of valsartan and rosuvastatin followed by the withdrawal of rosuvastatin. Each treatment period lasted for 30 days. Central blood pressure and pulse wave velocity were measured at the end of each period. Endothelial, monocyte, and platelet circulating microparticles were determined by flow cytometry. Central blood pressure values and pulse wave velocity were recorded at the end of each treatment period. RESULTS: No differences in brachial blood pressure were observed between the treatment groups throughout the study. Although similar central blood pressure values were observed during monotherapy, lower systolic and diastolic central blood pressure values and early and late blood pressure peaks were observed in the amlodipine arm after the addition of valsartan alone or combined with rosuvastatin. Hydrochlorothiazide-based therapy was associated with a lower number of endothelial microparticles throughout the study, whereas a higher number of platelet microparticles was observed after rosuvastatin withdrawal in the amlodipine arm. CONCLUSIONS: Despite similar brachial blood pressure values between groups throughout the study, exposure to amlodipine was associated with lower central blood pressure values after combination with valsartan, indicating a beneficial interaction. Differences between circulating microparticles were modest and were mainly influenced by rosuvastatin withdrawal in the amlodipine arm.

2.
Br J Nutr ; 121(12): 1365-1375, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30887937

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus is a global epidemic, characterised as a heterogeneous group of metabolic disorders associated with high risk of CVD. Green banana biomass, which is composed of resistant starches (RS) and cannot be hydrolysed by amylases, delays gastric emptying and modulates insulin sensitivity, thus contributing to improve metabolic disorders. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of consumption of RS from green banana biomass on body composition, fasting plasma glucose, glycated Hb (HbA1c) and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance in subjects with pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes on top of treatment. Middle-aged subjects (n 113) of both sexes with pre-diabetes (HbA1c: 5·7-6·4 %) or diabetes (HbA1c ≥ 6·5 %) were randomised to receive nutritional support plus green banana biomass (40 g) (RS: approximately 4·5 g, G1, n 62) or diet alone (G2, n 51) for 24 weeks. Body composition, biochemical analyses and dietary intake were evaluated at the beginning and end of the study. In the experimental group (G1), consumption of RS was associated with reduction in HbA1c (P = 0·0001), fasting glucose (P = 0·021), diastolic blood pressure (P = 0·010), body weight (P = 0·002), BMI (P = 0·006), waist and hip circumferences (P < 0·01), fat mass percentage (P = 0·001) and increase in lean mass percentage (P = 0·011). In controls (G2), reductions were observed in waist and hip circumferences (P < 0·01), HbA1c (P = 0·002) and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (P = 0·020). In pre-diabetes or diabetes, non-significant differences were observed in the percentage reduction in HbA1c and fasting glucose in exploratory analyses. Our results indicate that the consumption of bioactive starches is a good dietary strategy to improve metabolic control and body composition.

3.
Trials ; 18(1): 601, 2017 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29258572

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early reperfusion of the occluded coronary artery during acute myocardial infarction is considered crucial for reduction of infarcted mass and recovery of ventricular function. Effective microcirculation and the balance between protective and harmful lymphocytes may have roles in reperfusion injury and may affect final ventricular remodeling. METHODS/DESIGN: BATTLE-AMI is an open-label, randomized trial comparing the effects of four therapeutic strategies (rosuvastatin/ticagrelor, rosuvastatin/clopidogrel, simvastatin plus ezetimibe/ticagrelor, or simvastatin plus ezetimibe/clopidogrel) on infarcted mass and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (blinded endpoints) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction submitted to fibrinolytic therapy before coronary angiogram (pharmacoinvasive strategy). All patients (n = 300, 75 per arm) will be followed up for six months. The effects of treatment on subsets of B and T lymphocytes will be determined by flow-cytometry/ELISPOT and will be correlated with the infarcted mass, LVEF, and microcirculation perfusion obtained by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. The primary hypothesis is that the combined rosuvastatin/ticagrelor therapy will be superior to other therapies (particularly for the comparison with simvastatin plus ezetimibe/clopidogrel) for the achievement of better LVEF at 30 days (primary endpoint) and smaller infarcted mass (secondary endpoint) at 30 days and six months. The trial will also evaluate the improvement in the immune/inflammatory responses mediated by B and T lymphocytes. Omics field (metabolomics and proteomics) will help to understand these responses by molecular events. DISCUSSION: BATTLE-AMI is aimed to (1) evaluate the role of subsets of lymphocytes on microcirculation improvement and (2) show how the choice of statin/antiplatelet therapy may affect cardiac remodeling after acute myocardial infarction with ST elevation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02428374 . Registered on 28 September 2014.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Linfócitos B/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/administração & dosagem , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/tratamento farmacológico , Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Terapia Trombolítica , Adenosina/administração & dosagem , Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Anti-Inflamatórios/efeitos adversos , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/sangue , Brasil , Protocolos Clínicos , Clopidogrel , Angiografia Coronária , Quimioterapia Combinada , ELISPOT , Ezetimiba/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/efeitos adversos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Metabolômica , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Proteômica , Projetos de Pesquisa , Rosuvastatina Cálcica/administração & dosagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/imunologia , Sinvastatina/administração & dosagem , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Terapia Trombolítica/efeitos adversos , Ticagrelor , Ticlopidina/administração & dosagem , Ticlopidina/análogos & derivados , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos , Remodelação Ventricular/efeitos dos fármacos
4.
Trials ; 18(1): 601-601, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-36830

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early reperfusion of the occluded coronary artery during acute myocardial infarction is considered crucial for reduction of infarcted mass and recovery of ventricular function. Effective microcirculation and the balance between protective and harmful lymphocytes may have roles in reperfusion injury and may affect final ventricular remodeling. METHODS/DESIGN: BATTLE-AMI is an open-label, randomized trial comparing the effects of four therapeutic strategies (rosuvastatin/ticagrelor, rosuvastatin/clopidogrel, simvastatin plus ezetimibe/ticagrelor, or simvastatin plus ezetimibe/clopidogrel) on infarcted mass and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (blinded endpoints) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction submitted to fibrinolytic therapy before coronary angiogram (pharmacoinvasive strategy). All patients (n = 300, 75 per arm) will be followed up for six months. The effects of treatment on subsets of B and T lymphocytes will be determined by flow-cytometry/ELISPOT and will be correlated with the infarcted mass, LVEF, and microcirculation perfusion obtained by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. The primary hypothesis is that the combined rosuvastatin/ticagrelor therapy will be superior to other therapies (particularly for the comparison with simvastatin plus ezetimibe/clopidogrel) for the achievement of better LVEF at 30 days (primary endpoint) and smaller infarcted mass (secondary endpoint) at 30 days and six months...(AU)


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Linfócitos B , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Metabolômica , Proteômica
5.
Life Sci ; 143: 124-30, 2015 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26514303

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of treatment of hypertension on the autoantibodies to apolipoprotein B-derived peptides (anti-ApoB-D peptide Abs) response, inflammation markers and vascular function. MAIN METHODS: Eighty-eight patients with hypertension (stage 1 or 2) were recruited and advised to receive perindopril (4mg), hydrochlorothiazide (25mg), or indapamide (1.5mg) for 12weeks in a blinded fashion. Office and 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (24h ABPM), flow-mediated dilatation (FMD), nitrate-induced dilatation (NID), titers of IgG and IgM anti-ApoB-D peptide Abs, hsCRP, and interleukins (IL-8 and IL-10) were evaluated at baseline and 12weeks after therapies. KEY FINDINGS: All treatments reduced office BP, and improved FMD (P<0.05 vs. baseline). The NID was improved only in the perindopril arm (P<0.05 vs. baseline). The 24h-ABPM was reduced with perindopril and hydrochlorothiazide therapies (P<0.05 vs. baseline), but not with indapamide, and this effect was followed by increase in titers of IgM Anti-ApoB-D peptide Abs (P<0.05 vs. baseline), without modifications in titers IgG Anti-ApoB-D peptide Abs and interleukins. Multivariable regression analysis has shown that change in the titers of IgM anti-ApoB-D peptide was associated with the changes in FMD (ß -0.347; P<0.05). SIGNIFICANCE: These findings shed light to a possible modulator effect of the antihypertensive therapy on the natural immunity responses and vascular function.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Hidroclorotiazida/uso terapêutico , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Imunidade Inata/efeitos dos fármacos , Indapamida/uso terapêutico , Perindopril/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/farmacologia , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hidroclorotiazida/farmacologia , Hipertensão/imunologia , Imunidade Inata/imunologia , Indapamida/farmacologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Perindopril/farmacologia , Método Simples-Cego
7.
Cell Biochem Biophys ; 67(3): 1451-60, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23559274

RESUMO

Obesity and hypertension have been recognized as inflammatory diseases capable of activating the immune system, thus contributing to an increased cardiovascular risk. However, the link between adaptive immunity, obesity, and hypertension is poorly understood. We investigated the relationship of the body mass index (BMI) on the inflammatory, vascular, and immune responses in patients with hypertension naïve of anti-hypertensive treatment. Hypertensive patients (N = 88) were divided into three groups: normal weight (NW), overweight (OW), and obese (OB) subjects. Anti-oxidized LDL autoantibodies (anti-oxLDL Abs), anti-ApoB-D peptide (anti-ApoB-D) Abs, interleukin (IL)-8 and IL-10, flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery, and 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) were assessed. OB patients presented lower levels of anti-oxLDL Abs and IL-10, higher levels of IL-8, and impaired FMD, when compared to NW and OW (P < 0.05), without differences between groups regarding anti-ApoB-D Abs. After adjusting for age, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, anti-oxLDL Abs were inversely correlated with BMI and waist circumference (r = -0.24, P = 0.02 and r = -0.25, P = 0.02, respectively), whereas ApoB-D correlated with 24-h ABPM (r = 0.22, P = 0.05 for systolic, and r = 0.29, P = 0.01 for diastolic blood pressure). Regression analyses showed inverse associations of anti-oxLDL Abs with BMI (ß = -0.05, P = 0.01) and waist circumference (ß = -0.01, P = 0.02); anti-ApoB-D Abs were associated with systolic and diastolic 24-h ABPM (ß = 0.96, P = 0.04; ß = 1.02, P = 0.005, for systolic and diastolic 24-h ABPM, respectively). Among hypertensive patients, obesity modulates the immune and inflammatory milieu, determining an unfavorable balance of cytokines and reduction in titers of anti-oxLDL Abs. Twenty-four hour ABPM is associated with titers of anti-ApoB-D Abs.


Assuntos
Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/imunologia , Lipoproteínas LDL/imunologia , Obesidade/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Apolipoproteínas B/imunologia , Apolipoproteínas D/imunologia , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Pressão Sanguínea , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Interleucina-10/sangue , Interleucina-8/sangue , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monitorização Ambulatorial , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/metabolismo
8.
Life Sci ; 92(14-16): 845-51, 2013 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23507424

RESUMO

AIMS: High-risk subjects with elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) are at high risk for cardiovascular events and frequently require potent statins or combined lipid-lowering therapy to achieve lipid targets and decrease inflammation. Our study aimed at evaluating the effects of three lipid-modifying therapies on LDL-cholesterol, CRP levels and markers of cholesterol absorption and synthesis. MAIN METHODS: A prospective intervention study was performed in high cardiovascular risk individuals receiving atorvastatin 10mg daily for four weeks. Those with CRP≥2.0mg/L were randomized to another four-week treatment period with atorvastatin 40mg, ezetimibe 10mg or the combination of atorvastatin 40mg / ezetimibe 10mg. Lipids, markers of cholesterol absorption (campesterol and ß-sitosterol), and synthesis (desmosterol), as well as CRP were quantified at baseline and end of study. KEY FINDINGS: One hundred and twenty two individuals were included. Atorvastatin alone or combined with ezetimibe reduced both LDL-cholesterol and CRP (P<0.002 vs. baseline; Wilcoxon); ezetimibe did not modify CRP. Ezetimibe-based therapies reduced absorption markers and their ratios to cholesterol (P<0.0001 vs. baseline, for all; Wilcoxon), whereas atorvastatin alone increased campesterol/cholesterol and ß-sitosterol/cholesterol ratios (P<0.05 vs. baseline; Wilcoxon). In addition, ezetimibe also increased desmosterol and desmosterol/cholesterol ratio (P<0.0001 vs. baseline; Wilcoxon). SIGNIFICANCE: These results contribute to understanding the link between cellular cholesterol homeostasis, inflammation and lipid-modifying therapies. Our findings highlight the broader benefit of combined therapy with a potent statin and ezetimibe decreasing inflammation, and preventing increase in cholesterol biosynthesis, an effect not observed with ezetimibe alone.


Assuntos
Anticolesterolemiantes/farmacologia , Azetidinas/farmacologia , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Colesterol/metabolismo , Ácidos Heptanoicos/farmacologia , Pirróis/farmacologia , Idoso , Atorvastatina , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Colesterol/análogos & derivados , Colesterol/biossíntese , Desmosterol/metabolismo , Ezetimiba , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/farmacologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fitosteróis/metabolismo , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sitosteroides/metabolismo , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
10.
Circ J ; 76(3): 729-36, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22214900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increased numbers of endothelial (EMP) and platelet (PMP) microparticles have been related to cardiovascular risk factors and coronary artery disease. Little is known about the early effects of statins and clopidogrel on these new biomarkers of vascular homeostasis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate pharmacokinetic interactions between atorvastatin and clopidogrel and their effects, alone or combined, on EMP, PMP, and endothelial progenitor cells (EPC). METHODS AND RESULTS: A prospective open-label study enrolled subjects with stable coronary disease (n=26). Drugs were given daily for 3 weeks (atorvastatin 80 mg, visits 1-3; clopidogrel 75 mg, visits 2-4). Counts of EPC (CD34+/CD133+/KDR+), EMP (CD51+) and PMP (CD42+/CD31+), and pharmacokinetic parameters over 24h were assessed at each visit. Atorvastatin plasma concentrations were increased by concomitant therapy with clopidogrel (maximum serum concentration [C(max)], P=0.002; area under the clopidogrel or atorvastatin plasma concentration vs. time curve from 0 to the last detectable concentration [AUC(last)], P=0.03). After atorvastatin withdrawal there was an increase in clopidogrel plasma concentrations (C(max), P=0.009; AUC(last), P=0.039). PMP were inversely correlated with clopidogrel C(max) on visit 3 (rho=-0.57, P=0.006) and on visit 4 (rho=-0.54, P=0.01), and with clopidogrel AUC(last) on visit 3 (rho=-0.44, P=0.04), and on visit 4 (rho=-0.57, P=0.005). In addition, clopidogrel C(max) was correlated with EPC (CD133+/KDR+) on visit 4 (rho=0.48, P=0.025). No correlations of atorvastatin and MP or EPC were found. CONCLUSIONS: The balance between platelet MP release and EPC mobilization seems influenced by clopidogrel plasma levels, suggesting a protective mechanism on coronary artery disease.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/patologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Células-Tronco/patologia , Ticlopidina/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Idoso , Movimento Celular , Micropartículas Derivadas de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Clopidogrel , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas , Substâncias Protetoras , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y , Ticlopidina/sangue , Ticlopidina/farmacologia
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