Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 166
Filtrar
2.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 10(1): 2199-2201, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749583

RESUMO

We report pilot studies to evaluate the susceptibility of common domestic livestock (cattle, sheep, goat, alpaca, rabbit, and horse) to intranasal infection with SARS-CoV-2. None of the infected animals shed infectious virus via nasal, oral, or faecal routes, although viral RNA was detected in several animals. Further, neutralizing antibody titres were low or non-existent one month following infection. These results suggest that domestic livestock are unlikely to contribute to SARS-CoV-2 epidemiology.


Assuntos
COVID-19/veterinária , Especificidade de Hospedeiro , Gado/virologia , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/virologia , Camelídeos Americanos/virologia , Bovinos/virologia , Chlorocebus aethiops , Reservatórios de Doenças/virologia , Cabras/virologia , Cavalos/virologia , Especificidade de Hospedeiro/imunologia , Humanos , Cavidade Nasal/virologia , RNA Viral/análise , Coelhos/virologia , Reto/virologia , Sistema Respiratório/virologia , SARS-CoV-2/genética , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Ovinos/virologia , Especificidade da Espécie , Células Vero , Eliminação de Partículas Virais , Vísceras/virologia
3.
NPJ Vaccines ; 6(1): 135, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34750396

RESUMO

Influenza viruses cause a significant number of infections and deaths annually. In addition to seasonal infections, the risk of an influenza virus pandemic emerging is extremely high owing to the large reservoir of diverse influenza viruses found in animals and the co-circulation of many influenza subtypes which can reassort into novel strains. Development of a universal influenza vaccine has proven extremely challenging. In the absence of such a vaccine, rapid response technologies provide the best potential to counter a novel influenza outbreak. Here, we demonstrate that a modular trimerization domain known as the molecular clamp allows the efficient production and purification of conformationally stabilised prefusion hemagglutinin (HA) from a diverse range of influenza A subtypes. These clamp-stabilised HA proteins provided robust protection from homologous virus challenge in mouse and ferret models and some cross protection against heterologous virus challenge. This work provides a proof-of-concept for clamp-stabilised HA vaccines as a tool for rapid response vaccine development against future influenza A virus pandemics.

4.
iScience ; 24(11): 103308, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34820603

RESUMO

The kidneys balance many byproducts of the metabolism of dietary components. Previous studies examining dietary effects on kidney health are generally of short duration and manipulate a single macronutrient. Here, kidney function and structure were examined in C57BL/6J mice randomized to consume one of a spectrum of macronutrient combinations (protein [5%-60%], carbohydrate [20%-75%], and fat [20%-75%]) from weaning to late-middle age (15 months). Individual and interactive impacts of macronutrients on kidney health were modeled. Dietary protein had the greatest influence on kidney function, where chronic low protein intake decreased glomerular filtration rates and kidney mass, whereas it increased kidney immune infiltration and structural injury. Kidney outcomes did not align with cardiometabolic risk factors including glucose intolerance, overweight/obesity, dyslipidemia, and hypertension in mice with chronic low protein consumption. This study highlights that protein intake over a lifespan is an important determinant of kidney function independent of cardiometabolic changes.

5.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 9(11)2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34835160

RESUMO

Vector-borne flaviviruses are responsible for nearly half a billion human infections worldwide each year, resulting in millions of cases of debilitating and severe diseases and approximately 115,000 deaths. While approved vaccines are available for some of these viruses, the ongoing efficacy, safety and supply of these vaccines are still a significant problem. New technologies that address these issues and ideally allow for the safe and economical manufacture of vaccines in resource-poor countries where flavivirus vaccines are in most demand are urgently required. Preferably a new vaccine platform would be broadly applicable to all flavivirus diseases and provide new candidate vaccines for those diseases not yet covered, as well as the flexibility to rapidly pivot to respond to newly emerged flavivirus diseases. Here, we review studies conducted on novel chimeric vaccines derived from insect-specific flaviviruses that provide a potentially safe and simple system to produce highly effective vaccines against a broad spectrum of flavivirus diseases.

6.
bioRxiv ; 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790977

RESUMO

There remains an unmet need for globally deployable, low-cost therapeutics for the ongoing severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic. Previously, we reported on the isolation and in vitro characterization of a potent single-domain nanobody, NIH-CoVnb-112, specific for the receptor binding domain (RBD) of SARS-CoV-2. Here, we report on the molecular basis for the observed broad in vitro neutralization capability of NIH-CoVnb-112 against variant SARS-CoV-2 pseudoviruses, including the currently dominant Delta variant. The structure of NIH-CoVnb-112 bound to SARS-CoV-2 RBD reveals a large contact surface area overlapping the angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) binding site, which is largely unencumbered by the common RBD mutations. In an in vivo pilot study, we demonstrate effective reductions in weight loss, viral burden, and lung pathology in a Syrian hamster model of COVID-19 following nebulized delivery of NIH-CoVnb-112. These findings support the further development of NIH-CoVnb-112 as a potential adjunct preventative therapeutic for the treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infection.

7.
Vaccine ; 39(47): 6894-6901, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34696935

RESUMO

Coccidioidomycosis is a significant health problem of dogs and humans in endemic regions, especially California and Arizona in the U.S. Both species would greatly benefit from a vaccine to prevent this disease. A live avirulent vaccine candidate, Δcps1, was tested for tolerability and efficacy to prevent pulmonary coccidioidomycosis in a canine challenge model. Vaccine injection-site reactions were transient and there were no systemic effects observed. Six of seven vaccine sites tested and all draining lymph nodes were sterile post-vaccination. Following infection with Coccidioides posadasii, strain Silveira, arthroconidia into the lungs, dogs given primary and booster vaccinations had significantly reduced lung fungal burdens (P = 0.0003) and composite disease scores (P = 0.0002) compared to unvaccinated dogs. Dogs vaccinated once had fungal burdens intermediate between those given two doses or none, but disease scores were not significantly different from unvaccinated (P = 0.675). Δcps1 was well-tolerated in the dogs and it afforded a high level of protection when given as prime and boost. These results drive the Δcps1 vaccine toward a licensed veterinary vaccine and support continued development of this vaccine to prevent coccidioidomycosis in humans.

9.
Front Physiol ; 12: 738594, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621187

RESUMO

Selective SGLT2 inhibition reduces the risk of worsening heart failure and cardiovascular death in patients with existing heart failure, irrespective of diabetic status. We aimed to investigate the effects of dual SGLT1/2 inhibition, using sotagliflozin, on cardiac outcomes in normal diet (ND) and high fat diet (HFD) mice with cardiac pressure overload. Five-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were randomized to receive a HFD (60% of calories from fat) or remain on ND for 12 weeks. One week later, transverse aortic constriction (TAC) was employed to induce cardiac pressure-overload (50% increase in right:left carotid pressure versus sham surgery), resulting in left ventricular hypertrophic remodeling and cardiac fibrosis, albeit preserved ejection fraction. At 4 weeks post-TAC, mice were treated for 7 weeks by oral gavage once daily with sotagliflozin (10 mg/kg body weight) or vehicle (0.1% tween 80). In ND mice, treatment with sotagliflozin attenuated cardiac hypertrophy and histological markers of cardiac fibrosis induced by TAC. These benefits were associated with profound diuresis and glucosuria, without shifts toward whole-body fatty acid utilization, increased circulating ketones, nor increased cardiac ketolysis. In HFD mice, sotagliflozin reduced the mildly elevated glucose and insulin levels but did not attenuate cardiac injury induced by TAC. HFD mice had vacuolation of proximal tubular cells, associated with less profound sotagliflozin-induced diuresis and glucosuria, which suggests dampened drug action. We demonstrate the utility of dual SGLT1/2 inhibition in treating cardiac injury induced by pressure overload in normoglycemic mice. Its efficacy in high fat-fed mice with mild hyperglycemia and compromised renal morphology requires further study.

10.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 714440, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34595130

RESUMO

People with diabetes mellitus are susceptible to both cardiovascular disease and severe influenza A virus infection. We hypothesized that diabetes also increases risks of influenza-associated cardiac complications. A murine type 1 (streptozotocin-induced) diabetes model was employed to investigate influenza-induced cardiac distress. Lung histopathology and viral titres revealed no difference in respiratory severity between infected control and diabetic mice. However, compared with infected control mice, infected diabetic mice had increased serum cardiac troponin I and creatine-kinase MB, left ventricular structural changes and right ventricular functional alterations, providing the first experimental evidence of type I diabetes increasing risks of influenza-induced cardiovascular complications.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Vírus da Influenza A , Influenza Humana , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/complicações , Humanos , Influenza Humana/complicações , Camundongos , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/complicações
11.
J Comp Pathol ; 186: 1-6, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34340798

RESUMO

Black snakes (Pseudechis spp) are a genus of venomous Australian elapid snakes that can cause major clinical envenomation in companion animals, which may be fatal, even with appropriate antivenom treatment. Despite its clinical significance, there is little published information on the pathology of black snake envenomation. We report the gross and microscopic lesions associated with black snake envenomation in two dogs, one with a definitive immunological species identification of red-bellied black snake (RBBS; Pseudechis porphyriacus), the other with a black snake immunotype on a venom detection kit. Both dogs were located in a geographical area where the RBBS is found. The prominent gross findings in both cases included icterus, localized facial oedema in the region of the presumed bite wound, pigmenturia and multicavitary serosanguineous effusions. Histopathology of the confirmed RBBS case revealed acute renal tubular necrosis with haemosiderosis, marked splenic haemosiderosis and centrilobular to midzonal hepatocellular necrosis with severe cholestasis. Defining the spectrum of lesions of elapid snake envenomation improves understanding of the pathogenesis, which may lead to improved patient outcomes and post-mortem diagnosis.


Assuntos
Mordeduras de Serpentes , Animais , Antivenenos/uso terapêutico , Austrália , Cães , Venenos Elapídicos , Elapidae , Mordeduras de Serpentes/patologia , Mordeduras de Serpentes/veterinária
12.
Anal Chem ; 93(36): 12187-12194, 2021 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34459578

RESUMO

Spectral histopathology has shown promise for the classification and diagnosis of tumors with defined morphology, but application in tumors with variable or diffuse morphologies is yet to be investigated. To address this gap, we evaluated the application of Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) imaging as an accessory diagnostic tool for canine hemangiosarcoma (HSA), a vascular endothelial cell cancer that is difficult to diagnose. To preserve the delicate vascular tumor tissue structure, and potential classification of single endothelial cells, paraffin removal was not performed, and a partial least square discrimination analysis (PLSDA) and Random Forest (RF) models to classify different tissue types at individual pixel level were established using a calibration set (24 FTIR images from 13 spleen specimens). Next, the prediction capability of the PLSDA model was tested with an independent test set (n = 11), resulting in 74% correct classification of different tissue types at an individual pixel level. Finally, the performance of the FTIR spectropathology and chemometric algorithm for diagnosis of HSA was established in a blinded set of tissue samples (n = 24), with sensitivity and specificity of 80 and 81%, respectively. Taken together, these results show that FTIR imaging without paraffin removal can be applied to tumors with diffuse morphology, and this technique is a promising tool to assist in canine splenic HSA differential diagnosis.


Assuntos
Hemangiossarcoma , Animais , Cães , Células Endoteliais , Hemangiossarcoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemangiossarcoma/veterinária , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Baço
13.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 691823, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34295838

RESUMO

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a well-known risk factor for tuberculosis (TB), but little is known about pre-diabetes and the relative contribution of impaired glucose tolerance vs. obesity towards susceptibility to TB. Here, we developed a preclinical model of pre-diabetes and TB. Mice fed a high fat diet (HFD) for 12 weeks presented with impaired glucose tolerance and hyperinsulinemia compared to mice fed normal chow diet (NCD). Infection with M. tuberculosis (Mtb) H37Rv after the onset of dysglycemia was associated with significantly increased lung pathology, lower concentrations of TNF-α, IFN-γ, IFN-ß and IL-10 and a trend towards higher bacterial burden at 3 weeks post infection. To determine whether the increased susceptibility of pre-diabetic mice to TB is reversible and is associated with dysglycemia or increased body fat mass, we performed a diet reversal experiment. Pre-diabetic mice were fed a NCD for 10 additional weeks (HFD/NCD) at which point glucose tolerance was restored, but body fat mass remained higher compared to control mice that consumed NCD throughout the entire experiment (NCD/NCD). Upon Mtb infection HFD/NCD mice had significantly lower bacterial burden compared to NCD/NCD mice and this was accompanied by restored IFN-γ responses. Our findings demonstrate that pre-diabetes increases susceptibility to TB, but a high body mass index without dysglycemia is protective. This murine model offers the opportunity to further study the underlying immunological, metabolic and endocrine mechanisms of this association.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Intolerância à Glucose , Estado Pré-Diabético , Tuberculose , Tecido Adiposo , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
14.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 27(8): 2073-2080, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34286685

RESUMO

Wild animals have been implicated as the origin of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), but it is largely unknown how the virus affects most wildlife species and if wildlife could ultimately serve as a reservoir for maintaining the virus outside the human population. We show that several common peridomestic species, including deer mice, bushy-tailed woodrats, and striped skunks, are susceptible to infection and can shed the virus in respiratory secretions. In contrast, we demonstrate that cottontail rabbits, fox squirrels, Wyoming ground squirrels, black-tailed prairie dogs, house mice, and racoons are not susceptible to SARS-CoV-2 infection. Our results expand the knowledge base of susceptible species and provide evidence that human-wildlife interactions could result in continued transmission of SARS-CoV-2.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Animais , Animais Selvagens , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Humanos , Mamíferos , Camundongos
15.
J Gen Virol ; 102(7)2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34236957

RESUMO

Mosquito-borne flaviviruses are significant contributors to the arboviral disease burdens both in Australia and globally. While routine arbovirus surveillance remains a vital exercise to identify known flaviviruses in mosquito populations, novel or divergent and emerging species can be missed by these traditional methods. The MAVRIC (monoclonal antibodies to viral RNA intermediates in cells) system is an ELISA-based method for broad-spectrum isolation of positive-sense and double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) viruses based on detection of dsRNA in infected cells. While the MAVRIC ELISA has successfully been used to detect known and novel flaviviruses in Australian mosquitoes, we previously reported that dsRNA could not be detected in dengue virus-infected cells using this method. In this study we identified additional flaviviruses which evade detection of dsRNA by the MAVRIC ELISA. Utilising chimeric flaviviruses we demonstrated that this outcome may be dictated by the non-structural proteins and/or untranslated regions of the flaviviral genome. In addition, we report a modified fixation method that enables improved detection of flavivirus dsRNA and inactivation of non-enveloped viruses from mosquito populations using the MAVRIC system. This study demonstrates the utility of anti-dsRNA monoclonal antibodies for identifying viral replication in insect and vertebrate cell systems and highlights a unique characteristic of flavivirus replication.


Assuntos
Culicidae/virologia , Flavivirus/isolamento & purificação , Flavivirus/fisiologia , RNA de Cadeia Dupla/análise , RNA Viral/análise , Aedes/virologia , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Austrália , Linhagem Celular , Vírus da Dengue/genética , Vírus da Dengue/isolamento & purificação , Vírus da Dengue/fisiologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Flavivirus/genética , RNA de Cadeia Dupla/imunologia , RNA Viral/imunologia , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/análise , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/metabolismo , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/análise , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/metabolismo , Replicação Viral
16.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 12417, 2021 06 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34127755

RESUMO

A single intradermal vaccination with an antibiotic-less version of BCGΔBCG1419c given to guinea pigs conferred a significant improvement in outcome following a low dose aerosol exposure to M. tuberculosis compared to that provided by a single dose of BCG Pasteur. BCGΔBCG1419c was more attenuated than BCG in murine macrophages, athymic, BALB/c, and C57BL/6 mice. In guinea pigs, BCGΔBCG1419c was at least as attenuated as BCG and induced similar dermal reactivity to that of BCG. Vaccination of guinea pigs with BCGΔBCG1419c resulted in increased anti-PPD IgG compared with those receiving BCG. Guinea pigs vaccinated with BCGΔBCG1419c showed a significant reduction of M. tuberculosis replication in lungs and spleens compared with BCG, as well as a significant reduction of pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis (TB) pathology measured using pathology scores recorded at necropsy. Evaluation of cytokines produced in lungs of infected guinea pigs showed that BCGΔBCG1419c significantly reduced TNF-α and IL-17 compared with BCG-vaccinated animals, with no changes in IL-10. This work demonstrates a significantly improved protection against pulmonary and extrapulmonary TB provided by BCGΔBCG1419c in susceptible guinea pigs together with an increased safety compared with BCG in several models. These results support the continued development of BCGΔBCG1419c as an effective vaccine for TB.


Assuntos
Vacina BCG/administração & dosagem , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/isolamento & purificação , Tuberculose/prevenção & controle , Vacinação/métodos , Animais , Vacina BCG/efeitos adversos , Vacina BCG/imunologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Cobaias , Humanos , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , Injeções Intradérmicas , Pulmão/imunologia , Pulmão/microbiologia , Camundongos , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/imunologia , Células RAW 264.7 , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Tuberculose/imunologia , Tuberculose/microbiologia
17.
Pathogens ; 10(3)2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33802851

RESUMO

Ross River virus (RRV) has recently been suggested to be a potential emerging infectious disease worldwide. RRV infection remains the most common human arboviral disease in Australia, with a yearly estimated economic cost of $4.3 billion. Infection in humans and horses can cause chronic, long-term debilitating arthritogenic illnesses. However, current knowledge of immunopathogenesis remains to be elucidated and is mainly inferred from a murine model that only partially resembles clinical signs and pathology in human and horses. The epidemiology of RRV transmission is complex and multifactorial and is further complicated by climate change, making predictive models difficult to design. Establishing an equine model for RRV may allow better characterization of RRV disease pathogenesis and immunology in humans and horses, and could potentially be used for other infectious diseases. While there are no approved therapeutics or registered vaccines to treat or prevent RRV infection, clinical trials of various potential drugs and vaccines are currently underway. In the future, the RRV disease dynamic is likely to shift into temperate areas of Australia with longer active months of infection. Here, we (1) review the current knowledge of RRV infection, epidemiology, diagnostics, and therapeutics in both humans and horses; (2) identify and discuss major research gaps that warrant further research.

18.
NPJ Vaccines ; 6(1): 47, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33785745

RESUMO

To generate an inexpensive readily manufactured COVID-19 vaccine, we employed the LVS ΔcapB vector platform, previously used to generate potent candidate vaccines against Select Agent diseases tularemia, anthrax, plague, and melioidosis. Vaccines expressing SARS-CoV-2 structural proteins are constructed using the LVS ΔcapB vector, a highly attenuated replicating intracellular bacterium, and evaluated for efficacy in golden Syrian hamsters, which develop severe COVID-19-like disease. Hamsters immunized intradermally or intranasally with a vaccine co-expressing the Membrane and Nucleocapsid proteins and challenged 5 weeks later with a high dose of SARS-CoV-2 are protected against severe weight loss and lung pathology and show reduced viral loads in the oropharynx and lungs. Protection correlates with anti-Nucleocapsid antibody. This potent vaccine should be safe; inexpensive; easily manufactured, stored, and distributed; and given the high homology between Membrane and Nucleocapsid proteins of SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2, potentially serve as a universal vaccine against the SARS subset of pandemic causing ß-coronaviruses.

19.
Vet Sci ; 8(3)2021 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33673507

RESUMO

Visceral hemangiosarcoma (HSA) is one of the more frequent cancers in dogs and has a high metastatic rate and poor prognosis, as clinical signs only become apparent in advanced stages of tumor development. In order to improve early and differential diagnostic capabilities and hence, prognosis for dogs with HSA, two types of biomarker are needed: a point-of-care diagnostic biomarker and a prognostic biomarker-preferentially based on samples obtained with minimally invasive methods. In this study, we applied a lectin magnetic bead array-coupled tandem mass spectrometry (LeMBA-MS/MS) workflow through discovery and validation phases to discover serum glycoprotein biomarker candidates for canine HSA. By this approach, we found that Datura stramonium (DSA), wheat germ agglutinin (WGA), Sambucus nigra (SNA), and Pisum sativum (PSA) lectins captured the highest number of validated candidate glycoproteins. Secondly, we independently validated serum LeMBA-MS/MS results by demonstrating the in situ relationship of lectin-binding with tumor cells. Using lectin-histochemistry and immunohistochemistry (IHC) for key proteins on tissues with HSA and semi-quantitation of the signals, we demonstrate that a combination of DSA histochemistry and IHC for complement C7 greatly increases the prospect of a more specific diagnosis of canine HSA.

20.
FASEB J ; 35(3): e21320, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33660333

RESUMO

Influenza A virus (IAV) is rapidly detected in the airways by the immune system, with resident parenchymal cells and leukocytes orchestrating viral sensing and the induction of antiviral inflammatory responses. The airways are innervated by heterogeneous populations of vagal sensory neurons which also play an important role in pulmonary defense. How these neurons respond to IAV respiratory infection remains unclear. Here, we use a murine model to provide the first evidence that vagal sensory neurons undergo significant transcriptional changes following a respiratory IAV infection. RNA sequencing on vagal sensory ganglia showed that IAV infection induced the expression of many genes associated with an antiviral and pro-inflammatory response and this was accompanied by a significant increase in inflammatory cell recruitment into the vagal ganglia. Assessment of gene expression in single-vagal sensory neurons confirmed that IAV infection induced a neuronal inflammatory phenotype, which was most prominent in bronchopulmonary neurons, and also evident in some neurons innervating other organs. The altered transcriptome could be mimicked by intranasal treatment with cytokines and the lung homogenates of infected mice, in the absence of infectious virus. These data argue that IAV pulmonary infection and subsequent inflammation induces vagal sensory ganglia neuroinflammation and this may have important implications for IAV-induced morbidity.


Assuntos
Inflamação/imunologia , Vírus da Influenza A , Pulmão/inervação , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/imunologia , Células Receptoras Sensoriais/imunologia , Nervo Vago/imunologia , Animais , Feminino , Pulmão/virologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Células Receptoras Sensoriais/metabolismo , Transcrição Genética , Nervo Vago/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...