Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 171
Filtrar
1.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 145, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794793

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation is the only curative treatment for patients with end-stage liver disease. Short-term survival has improved due to improved surgical techniques and greater efficacy of immunosuppressive drugs. However, long-term survival has not improved to the same extent as the short-term survival, and the 10-year survival after liver transplantation is 60%. In addition to liver- and transplant-related causes, comorbidities such as cardiovascular, pulmonary, renal, and metabolic diseases have emerged as leading causes of morbidity and mortality in liver transplant recipients. The objective of this study is to assess the burden of comorbidities and identify both liver- and transplant-related risk factors as well as traditional risk factors that contribute to the pathogenesis of comorbidity in liver transplant recipients. METHODS/DESIGN: The Danish Comorbidity in Liver Transplant Recipients (DACOLT) study is an observational, longitudinal study. We aim to include all adult liver transplant recipients in Denmark (n = approx. 600). Participants will be matched by sex and age to controls from the Copenhagen General Population Study (CGPS) and the Copenhagen City Heart Study (CCHS). Physical and biological measures including blood pressure, ankle-brachial index, spirometry, exhaled nitric oxide, electrocardiogram, transthoracic echocardiography, computed tomography (CT) angiography of the heart, unenhanced CT of chest and abdomen and blood samples will be collected using uniform protocols in participants in DACOLT, CGPS, and CCHS. Blood samples will be collected and stored in a research biobank. Follow-up examinations at regular intervals up to 10 years of follow-up are planned. DISCUSSION: There is no international consensus standard for optimal clinical care or monitoring of liver transplant recipients. This study will determine prevalence, incidence and risk factors for comorbidity in liver transplant recipients and may be used to provide evidence for guidelines on management, treatment and screening and thereby contribute to improvement of the long-term survival. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT04777032; date of registration: March 02, 2021.

2.
JAMA Cardiol ; 2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33729428

RESUMO

Importance: Limited data exist regarding the association of subtle subclinical systolic dysfunction and incident heart failure (HF) in late life. Objective: To assess the independent associations of subclinical impairments in systolic performance with incident HF in late life. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study was a time-to-event analysis of participants without heart failure in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study, a prospective, community-based cohort study, who underwent protocol echocardiography at the fifth study visit (January 1, 2011, to December 31, 2013). Findings were validated independently in participants in the Copenhagen City Heart Study (CCHS). Data analysis was performed from June 1, 2018, to February 28, 2020. Exposures: Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), longitudinal strain (LS), and circumferential strain (CS) measured by 2-dimensional and strain echocardiography. Main Outcomes and Measures: Main outcomes were incident adjudicated HF and HF with preserved and reduced LVEF at a median follow-up of 5.5 years (interquartile range, 5.0-5.8 years). Cox proportional hazards regression models adjusted for demographics, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, smoking, coronary disease, estimated glomerular filtration rate, LV mass index, e', E/e', and left atrial volume index. Lower 10th percentile limits were determined in 374 participants free of cardiovascular disease or risk factors. Results: Among 4960 ARIC participants (mean [SD] age, 75 [5] years; 2933 [59.0%] female; 965 [19%] Black), LVEF was less than 50% in only 76 (1.5%). In the 3552 participants with complete assessment of LVEF, LS, and CS, 983 (27.7%) had 1 or more of the following findings: LVEF less than 60%, LS less than 16.0%, or CS less than 23.7%. Modeled continuously or dichotomized, worse LVEF, LS, and CS were each independently associated with incident HF. The adjusted hazard ratio (HR) per SD decrease in LVEF was 1.41 (95% CI, 1.29-1.55); the HR for LVEF less than 60% was 2.59 (95% CI, 1.99-3.37). Similar findings were observed for continuous LS (HR, 1.37; 95% CI, 1.22-1.53) and dichotomized LS (HR, 1.93; 95% CI, 1.46-2.55) and for continuous CS (HR, 1.39; 95% CI, 1.22-1.57) and dichotomized CS (HR, 2.30; 95% CI, 1.64-3.22). Although the magnitude of risk for incident HF or death associated with impaired LVEF was greater using guideline (HR, 2.99; 95% CI, 2.19-4.09) compared with ARIC-based limits (HR, 1.88; 95% CI, 1.58-2.25), the number of participants classified as impaired was less (104 [2.1%] based on guideline thresholds compared with 692 [13.9%] based on LVEF <60%). The population-attributable risk associated with LVEF less than 60% was 11% compared with 5% using guideline-based limits, a finding replicated in 908 participants in the CCHS. Conclusions and Relevance: These findings suggest that relatively subtle impairments of systolic function (detected based on LVEF or strain) are independently associated with incident HF and HF with reduced LVEF in late life. Current recommended assessments of LV function may substantially underestimate the prevalence of prognostically important impairments in systolic function in this population.

3.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33709520

RESUMO

AIMS: We sought to examine sex differences in congestion in patients hospitalized for acute heart failure (AHF). Understanding congestive patterns in women and men with AHF may provide insights into sex differences in the presentation and prognosis of AHF patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a prospective, two-site study in adults hospitalized for AHF, four-zone lung ultrasound (LUS) was performed at the time of echocardiography at baseline (LUS1) and, in a subset, pre-discharge (LUS2). B-lines on LUS and echocardiographic images were analysed offline, blinded to clinical information and outcomes. Among 349 patients with LUS1 data (median age 74, 59% male, and 87% White), women had higher left ventricular ejection fraction (mean 43% vs. 36%, P < 0.001), higher tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (mean 17 vs. 15 mm, P = 0.021), and higher measures of filling pressures (median E/e' 20 vs. 16, P < 0.001). B-line number on LUS1 (median 6 vs. 6, P = 0.69) and admission N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide levels (median 3932 vs. 3483 pg/mL, P = 0.77) were similar in women and men. In 121 patients with both LUS1 and LUS2 data, there was a similar and significant decrease in B-lines from baseline to discharge in both women and men. The risk of the composite 90 day outcome increased with higher B-line number on four-zone LUS2: unadjusted hazard ratio for each B-line tertile was 1.86 (95% confidence interval 1.08-3.20, P = 0.025) in women and 1.65 (95% confidence interval 1.03-2.64, P = 0.037) in men (interaction P = 0.72). CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with AHF, echocardiographic markers differed between women and men at baseline, whereas B-line number on LUS did not. The dynamic changes in B-lines during a hospitalization for AHF were similar in women and men.

4.
Dan Med J ; 68(3)2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33660609

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Mortality due to COVID-19 is higher among elderly patients with comorbidities. Even so, prognostication in COVID-19 remains limited. METHODS: We assessed 90-day mortality stratified by comorbidities, routine biochemical markers and oxygen need in a consecutive single-centre cohort from 2 March to 2 June 2020. RESULTS: We included 263 hospitalised patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19. On admission, fitness for intensive care was determined in 254 patients including 98 (39%) with a do-not-resuscitate order. Ninety-day overall mortality was 29%, whereas intensive care unit (ICU) mortality was 35% (14/40). Alcohol abuse, liver disease and elevated urea were strongly associated with mortality in univariable analyses. In a mutually adjusted multivariable analysis, we found an independent incremental increase in 90-day mortality with each increasing age by decade (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.5; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.2-1.9), Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) score (HR = 1.2; 95% CI: 1.0-1.4), number of abnormal blood tests (HR = 1.2; 95% CI: 1.1-1.3) and l/min. of supplemental oxygen (HR = 1.1; 95% CI: 1.1-1.2). CONCLUSIONS: The overall mortality was similar to that of other hospitalised patients, whereas the ICU mortality was lower than expected. On admission, each additional age by decade, CCI score, number of abnormal blood tests and magnitude of supplemental oxygen were independently associated with increased mortality. FUNDING: none. TRIAL REGISTRATION: not relevant.


Assuntos
/diagnóstico , Hospitalização , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Cuidados Críticos , Dinamarca , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
5.
J Diabetes ; 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33656260

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diagnostic tests including echocardiography, albuminuria, electrocardiogram (ECG), high-sensitivity troponin I (hs-TnI), and N-terminal prohormone brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) have been suggested as cardiovascular (CV) risk predictors in type 2 diabetes. We studied the separate and combined prognostic yield of these risk markers. METHODS: In all, 1030 patients with type 2 diabetes were recruited from specialized clinics in this prospective cohort study. Full echocardiographic evaluation was feasible in 886 patients in sinus rhythm with adequate image quality. ECG was performed in 998 patients. Albuminuria was measured in 1009 and NT-proBNP/hs-TnI in 933 patients. The end point was a composite of CV events. RESULTS: The median follow-up was 4.7 years (interquartile range: 4.0-5.3), and 174 patients experienced a CV disease event. All considered markers, except hs-TnI, were significantly (P < .001) associated with the outcome: abnormal echocardiogram (hazard ratio 2.40 [1.70-3.39]), albuminuria 2.01 (1.47-2.76), abnormal ECG (2.27 [1.66-3.08]), high NT-proBNP (>150 pg/mL) 3.05 (2.11-4.40), and hs-TnI 1.12 (0.79-1.59). After adjusting for clinical variables, all remained significantly associated with the end point. However, after adjusting for each other, only NT-proBNP >150 pg/mL remained significantly associated with the end point (2.07 [1.28-3.34], P < .001). Measured by C-statistics, model performance was highest with log2 (NT-proBNP) (0.70 [0.65-0.75]) and similar to clinical variables alone (0.71 [0.67-0.76]). Combining all risk markers only resulted in a very limited increase in C-statistics (0.69 [0.64-0.74]). CONCLUSIONS: This study identified NT-proBNP over echocardiography, ECG, and albuminuria in risk prediction in patients with type 2 diabetes. The diagnostic yield in considering more than one risk marker was limited in this population.

6.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33724926

RESUMO

Recent studies have suggested that malaria may affect the cardiovascular system. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine the prevalence of cardiovascular complications in symptomatic malaria patients. We searched databases such as Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane, and Web of Science (January 1950-April 2020) for studies reporting on cardiovascular complications in adults and children with malaria. Cardiovascular complications were defined as abnormalities in electrocardiogram (ECG), cardiac biomarkers, and echocardiography on admission or during outpatient examination. Studies of patients with known heart disease or cardiovascular evaluation performed after the start of intravenous antimalarial medication were excluded. The study was registered in PROSPERO (No.: CRD42020167672). The literature search yielded 1,243 studies, and a total of 43 studies with symptomatic malaria patients were included. Clinical studies (n = 12 adults; n = 5 children) comprised 3,117 patients, of which a majority had Plasmodium falciparum (n = 15) and were diagnosed with severe malaria (n = 13). In random-effects models of adults, the pooled prevalence estimate for any cardiovascular complication was 7% (95% CI: 5-9). No meta-analysis was conducted in children, but the range of abnormal ECG was 0-8%, cardiac biomarkers 0-57%, and echocardiography 4-9%. We analyzed 33 cases (n = 10 postmortem), in which the most common cardiovascular pathologies were myocarditis and acute coronary syndrome. All histopathological studies found evidence of parasitized red blood cells in the myocardium. Cardiovascular complications are not uncommon in symptomatic adults and children with malaria. Additional studies investigating malaria and cardiovascular disease are encouraged.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33689098

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate layer-specific global longitudinal strain (GLS), obtained by speckle tracking, in predicting outcomes following ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). Echocardiography, including layer-specific GLS, was performed at median two days after the STEMI in a prospective study of STEMI patients treated with pPCI between September 2006 and December 2008. The outcome was the composite of heart failure hospitalization and/or cardiovascular death (HF/CVD). A total of 349 patients were included. Mean age was 62.2 ± 11.5 years, 76% were male, and mean ejection fraction (LVEF) was 46 ± 9. Seventy-seven (22%) patients developed HF/CVD during median follow-up 5.4 years. Patients with HF/CVD had lower absolute values for all GLS-layers: endocardial (GLSEndo) 11.4%vs 14.5% (p < 0.001), midmyocardial (GLSMid) 9.8% vs 12.5% (p < 0.001) and epicardial (GLSEpi) 8.5% vs 10.9% (p < 0.001). In unadjusted analysis, all layers were significant predictors of HF/CVD; hazard ratio (HR) per 1% decrease for GLSEndo: HR 1.18 (95%CI 1.11-1.25), GLSMid: HR 1.22 (95%CI 1.14-1.30) and GLSEpi: HR 1.26 (95%CI 1.16-1.36), p < 0.0001 for all. The risk of HF/CVD increased incrementally with increasing tertiles for all layers, being more than three times higher in 3rd tertile compared to 1st tertile. In multivariable models, including baseline clinical and echocardiographic parameters, only GLSMid and GLSEpi remained independent predictors of HF/CVD. Global longitudinal strain obtained from all myocardial layers were significant predictors of incident HF and CVD following STEMI, however, only GLSMid and GLSEpi remained independent predictors after multivariable adjustment.

8.
Heart ; 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33526506

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prognostic value of global longitudinal strain (GLS) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study on patients undergoing CABG between 2006 and 2011 who had an echocardiogram available for strain analysis. The patients were followed up through nationwide registries for development of all-cause mortality, cardiovascular death (CVD) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) defined as heart failure hospitalisation and/or CVD. Multivariable Cox regression was applied to adjust for the European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation II (EuroSCORE-II). Additive value was assessed by Net Reclassification Index (NRI) improvement. RESULTS: Of the 709 patients included, 80 died during a median follow-up of 3.8 years. Of these, 45 had CVD, and 72 patients experienced MACE. Mean age was 68 years and 85% were men. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was 50% and GLS was -13%.GLS was an independent predictor when adjusted for the EuroSCORE-II (all-cause mortality: HR=1.07 (1.01-1.13), p=0.018; CVD: HR=1.11 (1.03-1.20), p=0.007; MACE: HR=1.12 (1.06-1.19), p<0.001, per 1% absolute decrease). GLS significantly improved the NRI score by 0.30 when added to the EuroSCORE-II for predicting MACE, but not significantly for the other endpoints.LVEF modified the association between GLS and outcomes (p for interaction<0.05 for CVD and MACE). GLS remained an independent predictor of outcomes in patients with preserved LVEF (LVEF≥50%) and improved the NRI score when added to the EuroSCORE-II for predicting CVD and MACE, but not all-cause mortality in these patients. CONCLUSION: GLS is an independent predictor of long-term outcomes after CABG. The predictive value appears strongest among patients with preserved LVEF.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33624014

RESUMO

AIMS: Technical advancements in 2D-speckle tracking echocardiography (2DSTE) have allowed for quantification of layer-specific global longitudinal strain (GLS) and circumferential strain (GCS) of the left ventricle (LV). The aim of this study was to establish age- and sex-based reference ranges of peak systolic layer-specific GLS and GCS and to assess normal values of regional strain. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed 2DSTE analysis of 1997 members of the general population from the fifth round of the Copenhagen City Heart Study, who were free of cardiovascular disease and risk factors. The mean age was 46 ± 16 years (range 21-97) and 62% were female. Mean values for peak systolic whole wall GLS (GLSWW.Sys), endomycardial (GLSEndo.Sys), and epimyocardial (GLSEpi.Sys) were 19.9 ± 2.1% (prediction interval [PI]: 15.8-24.0%), 23.5 ± 2.5% (PI: 18.6-28.4%), and 17.3 ± 1.9% (PI: 13.6-21.1%), respectively. Mean peak systolic whole wall GCS (GCSWW.Sys), was 21.6 ± 3.7% (PI: 14.3-28.9%), endomyocardial (GCSEndo.Sys) was 31.9 ± 4.7% (PI: 22.7-41.1%), and epimyocardial (GCSEpi.Sys) was 14.3 ± 3.8% (PI: 6.8-21.8%). A significant discrepancy in normal strain values between males and females was observed. Men had lower mean values and lower reference limits for all strain parameters. Furthermore, GLS and GCS changed differently with age in males and females. Finally, regional LS decreased from the apical to the basal LV region in both sexes, and regional CS varied significantly by LV segment. CONCLUSION: In this study, we reported age- and sex-based reference ranges of layer-specific GLS and GCS. These reference ranges varied significantly with sex and age.

10.
Eur Heart J ; 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33624011

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: On 13 March 2020, the Danish authorities imposed extensive nationwide lockdown measures to prevent the spread of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and reallocated limited healthcare resources. We investigated mortality rates, overall and according to location, in patients with established cardiovascular disease before, during, and after these lockdown measures. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using Danish nationwide registries, we identified a dynamic cohort comprising all Danish citizens with cardiovascular disease (i.e. a history of ischaemic heart disease, ischaemic stroke, heart failure, atrial fibrillation, or peripheral artery disease) alive on 2 January 2019 and 2020. The cohort was followed from 2 January 2019/2020 until death or 16/15 October 2019/2020. The cohort comprised 340 392 and 347 136 patients with cardiovascular disease in 2019 and 2020, respectively. The overall, in-hospital, and out-of-hospital mortality rate in 2020 before lockdown was significantly lower compared with the same period in 2019 [adjusted incidence rate ratio (IRR) 0.91, 95% confidence interval (CI) CI 0.87-0.95; IRR 0.95, 95% CI 0.89-1.02; and IRR 0.87, 95% CI 0.83-0.93, respectively]. The overall mortality rate during and after lockdown was not significantly different compared with the same period in 2019 (IRR 0.99, 95% CI 0.97-1.02). However, the in-hospital mortality rate was lower and out-of-hospital mortality rate higher during and after lockdown compared with the same period in 2019 (in-hospital, IRR 0.92, 95% CI 0.88-0.96; out-of-hospital, IRR 1.04, 95% CI1.01-1.08). These trends were consistent irrespective of sex and age. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with established cardiovascular disease, the in-hospital mortality rate was lower and out-of-hospital mortality rate higher during lockdown compared with the same period in the preceding year, irrespective of age and sex.

11.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33590579

RESUMO

Left ventricular ejection time (LVET) is defined as the time interval from aortic valve opening to aortic valve closure, and is the phase of systole during which the left ventricle ejects blood into the aorta. LVET has been used for several decades to assess left ventricular function and contractility. However, there is a recent interest in LVET as a measure of therapeutic action for novel drugs in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), since LVET is shortened in these patients. This review provides an overview of the available information on LVET including methods of measuring LVET, mechanistic understanding of LVET, association of LVET with outcomes, mechanisms behind shortened LVET in HFrEF and the potential implications of drugs that affect and normalize LVET.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33475871

RESUMO

A decreased glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease even after adjustment for conventional risk factors. The myocardial performance index (MPI) is defined as (isovolumetric relaxation time (IVRT) + isovolumetric contraction time (IVCT))/ejection time (ET). It has been shown to be an independent predictor of cardiovascular events. We hypothesized the MPI could prove valuable for assessing cardiac risk in subjects of the general population with decreased estimated GFR (eGFR). MPI was measured in 1915 subjects from a large general population prospective cohort study using color tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) M-mode through the mitral valve. We compared the prognostic capabilities of the MPI between subjects with eGFR ≥ 75 mL/min/1.73 m2 and subjects with eGFR < 75 mL/min/1.73 m2 using multivariable adjusted Cox regression models. The composite endpoint was heart failure, myocardial infarction or cardiovascular death. Mean age was 58 years (SD 16.2), 58% were women, 42% had hypertension and 8.3% diabetes. During a median follow-up time of 12.4 years [IQR 10.6-12.7 years] 269 participants reached the combined endpoint. eGFR modified the prognostic capability of MPI (p-value for interaction < 0.001): After multivariable adjustment, MPI remained an independent predictor of the composite endpoint only in participants with eGFR < 75 mL/min/1.73 m2: HR 1.18 (95% CI 1.02-1.38), p = 0.03, vs. in subjects with eGFR ≥ 75 mL/min/1.73 m2: HR 1.14 (95% CI 0.94-1.39), p = 0.17. These results suggest the MPI could be particularly valuable for identifying elevated cardiac risk in individuals from the general population with decreased eGFR.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33506346

RESUMO

LA dyssynchrony is a predictor of cardiovascular morbidity in various patient populations. However, the prognostic value of LA dyssynchrony as evaluated by two-dimensional speckle tracking (2D-STE) in the general population is unknown. A cohort of 375 participants without atrial fibrillation (AF), ischemic heart disease (IHD), heart failure (HF) or previous ischemic stroke (IS) had an echocardiogram, including LA 2D-STE, performed. LA dyssynchrony was defined as the standard deviation of the time to peak regional LA reservoir strain values. The endpoints were all-cause mortality, a combined endpoint of AF and IS, and a combined endpoint of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) comprised of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), HF or cardiovascular death (CVD). During a median follow up of 16.1 years (IQR 15.0-16.3 years), 83 (22%) participants died, 60 (15%) reached the composite endpoint of AF and IS, and 38 (10%) reached the composite MACE endpoint. LA dyssynchrony was a univariable predictor of all-cause mortality (HR 1.07, 95% CI 1.02-1.11, p = 0.001) but was not significantly associated with the combined endpoint of AF and IS (HR 1.05, p = 0.064) nor MACE (HR 1.04, p = 0.22). However, when adjusted for age, LA dyssynchrony did not predict all-cause mortality (HR 1.03, p = 0.28). Similarly, after further adjustments for clinical and echocardiographic parameters LA dyssynchrony did not predict any of the study outcomes. In this general population study, LA dyssynchrony was not an independent predictor of all-cause mortality and did not predict MACE nor a composite outcome consisting of AF and IS.

15.
Open Heart ; 8(1)2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33495381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) can be used to measure the mitral annular longitudinal displacement (LD) during systole. However, the prognostic utility of global and regional LD in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) is unknown. METHODS: Echocardiographic examinations from 907 patients with HFrEF were analysed obtaining conventional echocardiographic measurements. Regional LD was obtained from colour TDI projections in six mitral annular regions and global LD was calculated as an average. RESULTS: Mean age was 67 years, 26.9% were women and mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 27%. During a median follow-up period of 40 months, 150 (16.5 %) patients died. The risk of dying increased with decreasing tertile of global LD and was approximately five times higher for patients in the lowest tertile compared with the highest (1. tertile vs 3. tertile, HR 4.9, 95% CI: 3.0 to 7.9, p<0.001).Global LD was a significant independent predictor of mortality after adjusting for age, gender, body mass index, pacemaker, heart rate, atrial fibrillation, diabetes and conventional echocardiographic measures and global longitudinal strain: HR 1.16 (95% CI: 1.00 to 1.34, p=0.044) per 1 mm decrease.For regional measures, inferior LD was also a significant independent predictor in the multivariable model: HR 1.16 (95% CI: 1.04 to 1.29, p=0.006) and adding inferior LD to the conventional measures yielded a significant increase in Harrell's C-statistic (95% CI: 0.75 to 0.78, p=0.009). CONCLUSION: In patients with HFrEF, global and inferior LD are independent predictors of all-cause mortality. Furthermore, inferior LD proved to be a significant prognosticator when compared with all the conventional echocardiographic parameters.

16.
Am J Cardiol ; 144: 37-45, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33383008

RESUMO

Early diastolic tissue velocity (e') by tissue Doppler imaging represents an early marker of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in ischemic heart disease. We assessed the value of e' for predicting mortality in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We retrospectively investigated patients treated with CABG between 2006-2011. Before surgery, all patients underwent an echocardiogram with tissue Doppler imaging to measure tissue velocities: systolic (s'), e', and late diastolic (a'). The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. Survival analysis was applied. Improvement of EuroSCORE-II was assessed by net reclassification index. Of 660 patients, 72 (11%) died during a median follow-up time of 3.8 years. Mean age was 68 years, LVEF 50%, and 84% were men. All tissue velocities showed a significant negative association with outcome and e' provided highest Harrell's C-statistics (c-stat=0.68). After multivariable adjustment for EuroSCORE-II, LV hypertrophy, LV internal diameter, and global longitudinal strain, declining e' was associated with a higher risk of mortality (HR=1.35 (1.12 to 1.61), p = 0.001, per 1cm/s absolute decrease). LVEF≤40% modified the relationship between both s' and e' and outcome (p for interaction=0.021 and 0.024, respectively), such that neither predicted mortality when LVEF was ≤40%. In patients with LVEF>40%, only e' remained a predictor after multivariable adjustments (HR=1.36 (1.10 to 1.69), p = 0.005, per 1cm/s absolute decrease). A net reclassification index improvement of 0.14 was observed when adding global e' to the EuroSCORE-II. In conclusion, e' is an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in patients undergoing CABG, especially in patients with LVEF>40%, and improves the predictive value of EuroSCORE-II.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Miocárdica/cirurgia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Diástole , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Isquemia Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico , Análise de Sobrevida , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
18.
Scand Cardiovasc J ; : 1-8, 2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33251867

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess whether high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), and soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) differed in their ability to predict cardiovascular outcomes beyond traditional risk factors in younger and older men and women without known cardiovascular disease. Design. Prospective population-based cohort study of 1951 individuals from the MONItoring of trends and determinants in Cardiovascular disease (MONICA) study, examined 1993-1994. Participants were stratified into four groups based on sex and age. Subjects aged 41 or 51 years were classified as younger; those aged 61 or 71 years were classified as older. The principal endpoint was death from cardiovascular causes. Predictive capabilities of biomarkers were tested using Cox proportional-hazards regression, Harrell's concordance-index, net reclassification improvement, and classification and regression tree (CART) analysis. Results. Median follow-up was 18.5 years, during which 19/597 younger men, 100/380 older men, 12/607 younger women, and 46/367 older women had died from a cardiovascular cause. NT-proBNP was independently associated with death from cardiovascular causes among all participants (p ≤ .02) except younger women (p = .70), whereas hs-CRP was associated with this endpoint in men (p ≤ .007), and suPAR in older men only (p < .001). None of the biomarkers improved discrimination ability beyond traditional risk factors (p ≥ .07). However, NT-proBNP enhanced reclassification in men and older women. CART-analysis showed that NT-proBNP was generally of greater value among men, and suPAR among women. Conclusions. Hs-CRP, NT-proBNP, and suPAR displayed different associations with cardiovascular death among apparently healthy younger and older men and women.

20.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 10(11)2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33202837

RESUMO

Two methods are currently available for left atrial (LA) strain measurement by speckle tracking echocardiography, with two different reference timings for starting the analysis: QRS (QRS-LASr) and P wave (P-LASr). The aim of MASCOT HIT study was to define which of the two was more reproducible, more feasible, and less time consuming. In 26 expert centers, LA strain was analyzed by two different echocardiographers (young vs senior) in a blinded fashion. The study population included: healthy subjects, patients with arterial hypertension or aortic stenosis (LA pressure overload, group 2) and patients with mitral regurgitation or heart failure (LA volume-pressure overload, group 3). Difference between the inter-correlation coefficient (ICC) by the two echocardiographers using the two techniques, feasibility and analysis time of both methods were analyzed. A total of 938 subjects were included: 309 controls, 333 patients in group 2, and 296 patients in group 3. The ICC was comparable between QRS-LASr (0.93) and P-LASr (0.90). The young echocardiographers calculated QRS-LASr in 90% of cases, the expert ones in 95%. The feasibility of P-LASr was 85% by young echocardiographers and 88% by senior ones. QRS-LASr young median time was 110 s (interquartile range, IR, 78-149) vs senior 110 s (IR 78-155); for P-LASr, 120 s (IR 80-165) and 120 s (IR 90-161), respectively. LA strain was feasible in the majority of patients with similar reproducibility for both methods. QRS complex guaranteed a slightly higher feasibility and a lower time wasting compared to the use of P wave as the reference.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...