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1.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 66(12): e27949, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436372

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Cancer-related fatigue is one of the most distressing side effects of childhood cancer treatment. Physical activity can decrease fatigue and has positive effects on other health outcomes. Most research on physical activity pertains to adults, and the few studies that focus on children have limited follow-up time. This study evaluates cancer-related fatigue in children and its association with physical activity over a one-year time period. METHODS: Sixty-eight children with cancer (7-18 years) were recruited during or within the first year after treatment. Physical activity (Actical activity monitor) and cancer-related fatigue (Pediatric Quality-of-Life Questionnaire Multidimensional Fatigue Scale (PedsQL-MFS), self- and parent- reports) were assessed at baseline, 4 months, and 12 months. PedsQL-MFS scores were compared with Dutch norms. Longitudinal association of cancer-related fatigue with physical activity was evaluated (No. NTR 1531). RESULTS: Generally, PedsQL-MFS scores were worse than norms at baseline and 4 months, and recovered by 12 months except for the parent-proxy scores in adolescents. Younger children (≤12 years) self-reported comparable or better scores than norms. Physical activity generally improved over time, but patients mostly remained sedentary. During follow-up, increased physical activity was associated with less cancer-related fatigue. CONCLUSION: Cancer-related fatigue in children improves over time, and increased physical activity is associated with less cancer-related fatigue. Given the sedentary lifestyle of this population, the positive effect of physical activity on cancer-related fatigue, and the many other health benefits of an active lifestyle, it is important to stimulate physical activity in childhood cancer patients and survivors.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31319153

RESUMO

Eligibility criteria for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) vary according to disease characteristics, response to treatment, and type of available donor. As the risk profile of the patient worsens, a wider degree of HLA mismatching is considered acceptable. A total of 138 children and adolescents who underwent HSCT from HLA-identical sibling donors (MSDs) and 210 who underwent HSCT from matched donors (MDs) (median age, 9 years; 68% male) in 10 countries were enrolled in the International-BFM ALL SCT 2007 prospective study to assess the impact of donor type in HSCT for pediatric ALL. The 4-year event-free survival (65 ± 5% vs 61 ± 4%; P = .287), overall survival (72 ± 4% versus 68 ± 4%; P = .235), cumulative incidence of relapse (24 ± 4% versus 25 ± 3%; P = .658) and nonrelapse mortality (10 ± 3% versus 14 ± 3%; P = .212) were not significantly different between MSD and MD graft recipients. The risk of extensive chronic (cGVHD) was lower in MD graft recipients than in MSD graft recipients (hazard ratio [HR], .38; P = .002), and the risks of severe acute GVHD (aGVHD) and cGVHD were higher in peripheral blood stem cell graft recipients than in bone marrow graft recipients (HR, 2.06; P = .026). Compared with the absence of aGVHD, grade I-II aGVHD was associated with a lower risk of graft failure (HR, .63; P = .042) and grade III-IV aGVHD was associated with a higher risk of graft failure (HR, 1.85; P = .020) and nonleukemic death (HR, 8.76; P < .0001), despite a lower risk of relapse (HR, .32; P = .021). Compared with the absence of cGVHD, extensive cGVHD was associated with a higher risk of nonleukemic death (HR, 8.12; P < .0001). Because the outcomes of transplantation from a matched donor were not inferior to those of transplantation from an HLA-identical sibling, eligibility criteria for transplantation might be reviewed in pediatric ALL and possibly in other malignancies as well. Bone marrow should be the preferred stem cell source, and the addition of MTX should be considered in MSD graft recipients.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31344451

RESUMO

Development of autoimmune cytopenia (AIC) after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is a serious complication requiring urgent intensification of immunosuppressive therapy. The pathophysiology and predictors of AIC are not completely understood. In this retrospective cohort analysis of 380 pediatric patients, we evaluated the incidence, outcomes, and related various variables, including immune reconstitution markers to AIC. Three hundred eighty patients (median age, 7.4 years; range, .1 to 22.7) were included, of which 30 patients (7.8%) developed AIC in 1 (n = 6), 2 (n = 6), or 3 (n = 16) cell lineages at a median of 133 days (range, 46 to 445) after HCT. Using multivariate analysis we found that chemo-naivety before HCT, acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) grades II to IV, and serotherapy were associated with the development of AIC. Development of AIC was preceded by increased levels of IgM, IgA, and IgG. Immune profiles of total absolute lymphocytes were very similar between AIC patients and control subjects. However, CD3-CD16+CD56+ natural killer cells, CD3+ T cells, CD3+CD4+ T cell subset, and CD3+CD8+ T cell subset were lower in AIC patients. Overall survival was good, at 83% (similar between AIC patients and control subjects). In conclusion, we identified chemo-naivety before HCT, preceding aGVHD grades II to IV, and serotherapy as predictors for development of AIC. Increasing levels of IgM, IgA, and IgG preceded AIC development. These data provide clues to further study the biology of AIC.

4.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(9): 1786-1791, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31082473

RESUMO

Gonadal impairment is an important late effect with a significant impact on quality of life of transplanted patients. The aim of this study was to compare gonadal function after busulfan (Bu) or treosulfan (Treo) conditioning regimens in pre- and postpubertal children. This retrospective, multicenter study included children transplanted in pediatric European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) centers between 1992 and 2012 who did not receive gonadotoxic chemoradiotherapy before the transplant. We evaluated 137 patients transplanted in 25 pediatric EBMT centers. Median age at transplant was 11.04 years (range, 5 to 18); 89 patients were boys and 48 girls. Eighty-nine patients were prepubertal at transplant and 48 postpubertal. One hundred eighteen children received Bu and 19 Treo. A higher proportion of girls treated with Treo in the prepubertal stage reached spontaneous puberty compared with those treated with Bu (P = .02). Spontaneous menarche was more frequent after Treo than after Bu (P < .001). Postpubertal boys and girls treated with Treo had significantly lower luteinizing hormone levels (P = .03 and P = .04, respectively) compared with the Bu group. Frequency of gonadal damage associated with Treo was significantly lower than that observed after Bu. These results need to be confirmed in a larger population.

5.
Br J Haematol ; 2018 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30515771

RESUMO

Diamond-Blackfan anaemia (DBA) is a rare inherited marrow failure disorder, characterized by hypoplastic anaemia, congenital anomalies and a predisposition to cancer as a result of ribosomal dysfunction. Historically, treatment is based on glucocorticoids and/or blood transfusions, which is accompanied by significant toxicity and long-term sequelae. Currently, stem cell transplantation is the only curative option for the haematological DBA phenotype. Whereas this procedure has been quite successful in the last decade in selected patients, novel therapies and biological insights are still warranted to improve clinical care for all DBA patients. In addition to paediatric haematologists, other physicians (e.g. endocrinologist, gynaecologist) should ideally be involved in the care of this chronic condition from an early age, to improve lifelong management of haematological and non-haematological symptoms, and screen for DBA-associated malignancies. Here we provide an overview of current knowledge and recommendations for the day-to-day care of DBA patients.

6.
BMC Cancer ; 18(1): 1289, 2018 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30587148

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Physical fitness and psychosocial function is often reduced in children during or shortly after cancer treatment. This study evaluates the effect of a combined physical exercise and psychosocial intervention on cardiorespiratory fitness, muscle strength, body composition, psychosocial function and health-related quality of life (HrQoL). In addition, intervention mediators, applicability and adherence were examined. METHODS: This multicenter randomized controlled trial included 68 children with cancer [mean age 13.2 (SD: 3.1) years; 54% male] during treatment or within 12-months post-treatment. The 12-week intervention consisted of 24 individual physical exercise sessions supervised by a physiotherapist, and 6 psychosocial training sessions for children and 2 for parents. Physical fitness and psychosocial function were assessed at baseline, directly post-intervention and at 12 months' post-baseline. Generalized estimating equations were used to simultaneously assess intervention effects at short and long-term. Additionally, we evaluated within-group differences over time. Potential physical and psychosocial mediators in the intervention effect on HrQoL were examined using the product-of-coefficient test. Applicability and adherence were assessed by trainer-report. RESULTS: This study was able to compare 26 children who received the study intervention, with 33 children who received usual care. No significant differences in the effects of the intervention were found on physical fitness and psychosocial function at short-term. At 12-months follow-up, significantly larger improvements in lower body muscle strength (ß = 56.5 Newton; 95% CI: 8.5; 104.5) were found in the intervention group when compared to the control group. Within-group changes showed significant improvements over time in HrQoL and bone density in both groups. Intervention effects on HrQoL were not significantly mediated by physical fitness and psychological function. Intervention applicability was satisfactory with an average session attendance of 67% and 22% dropout (mainly due to disease recurrence). CONCLUSIONS: This 12-week physical exercise and psychosocial training intervention for children with cancer was applicable and showed satisfactory adherence. We found no significant between-group differences in effect, except for a significant improvement in lower body muscle strength at long-term in the intervention group compared to the control group. Yet, both the intervention and the control group showed improvements in bone mineral density and HrQoL over time. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The trial was registered at the Dutch Trial Registry ( NTR1531 ). Registered 12 November 2008.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Neoplasias/terapia , Psicoterapia/métodos , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Densidade Óssea/fisiologia , Aptidão Cardiorrespiratória/fisiologia , Criança , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Neoplasias/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias/psicologia , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Haematologica ; 2018 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30381299

RESUMO

Translocation t(12;21), resulting in the ETV6-RUNX1 (or TEL-AML1) fusion protein, is present in 25% of pediatric patients with B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia and is considered a first hit in leukemogenesis. A targeted therapy approach is not available for children with this subtype of leukemia. To identify the molecular mechanisms underlying ETV6-RUNX1 driven leukemia, we performed gene expression profiling of healthy hematopoietic progenitors in which we ectopically expressed ETV6-RUNX1. We reveal an ETV6-RUNX1 driven transcriptional network that induces proliferation, survival and cellular homeostasis. In addition, Vps34, an important regulator of autophagy, was found to be induced by ETV6-RUNX1 and up-regulated in ETV6-RUNX1 positive leukemic patient cells. We show that induction of Vps34 was transcriptionally regulated by ETV6-RUNX1 and correlated with high levels of autophagy. Knockdown of Vps34 in ETV6-RUNX1 positive cell lines severely reduced proliferation and survival. Inhibition of autophagy by hydroxychloroquine, a well-tolerated autophagy inhibitor, reduced cell viability in both ETV6-RUNX1 positive cell lines and primary acute lymphoblastic leukemia samples, and selectively sensitized primary ETV6-RUNX1 positive leukemia samples to L-asparaginase. These findings reveal a causal relationship between ETV6-RUNX1 and autophagy, and provide pre-clinical evidence for the efficacy of autophagy inhibitors in ETV6-RUNX1 driven leukemia.

8.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 4960, 2018 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30470753

RESUMO

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are widely studied regarding their role in cell-to-cell communication and disease, as well as for applications as biomarkers or drug delivery vehicles. EVs contain membrane and intraluminal proteins, affecting their structure and thereby likely their functioning. Here, we use atomic force microscopy for mechanical characterization of erythrocyte, or red blood cell (RBC), EVs from healthy individuals and from patients with hereditary spherocytosis (HS) due to ankyrin deficiency. While these EVs are packed with proteins, their response to indentation resembles that of fluid liposomes lacking proteins. The bending modulus of RBC EVs of healthy donors is ~15 kbT, similar to the RBC membrane. Surprisingly, whereas RBCs become more rigid in HS, patient EVs have a significantly (~40%) lower bending modulus than donor EVs. These results shed light on the mechanism and effects of EV budding and might explain the reported increase in vesiculation of RBCs in HS patients.

9.
Pharmacogenomics ; 19(15): 1195-1202, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30207196

RESUMO

AIM: To study the effects of clinical and genetic factors on the phenprocoumon dose requirement in pediatric patients and to develop a dosing algorithm. METHODS: Pediatric patients who used phenprocoumon were invited to participate in a retrospective follow-up study. Clinical information and genotypes of genetic variations in CYP2C9, VKORC1, CYP4F2, CYP2C18 and CYP3A4 were collected and tested with linear regression for association with phenprocoumon dose requirement. RESULTS: Of the 41 patients included in the analysis, age, VKORC1, CYP2C9*2/*3 and CYP3A4*1B were statistically significantly associated with dose requirement, and together explained 80.4% of the variability in phenprocoumon dose requirement. CONCLUSION: Our study reveals that age and genetic variations explain a significant part of the variability in phenprocoumon dose requirement in pediatric patients.

11.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 65(8): e27083, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29727043

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of recombinant Escherichia coli-asparaginase (rASNase) was compared to native E.coli asparaginase (Asparaginase medac). METHODS: One hundred and ninety-nine children with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia were randomized to receive one of both agents at a dose of 5,000 U/m² during induction (eight doses) and 10,000 U/m² during the postinduction phase (only high-risk patients; standard- and medium-risk patients received pegaspargase). RESULTS: Median trough serum asparaginase activity levels were comparable between both groups; they ranged from 143 to 182 U/l during induction and were above the target value of 100 U/l. Complete asparagine depletion in serum was achieved in 97.9% of patients, with no significant differences between both groups. On day 33 (end of induction), only two (2%) evaluable patients in each group had measurable asparagine serum levels, and complete asparagine depletion in the cerebrospinal fluid was achieved in 98.8% and 93.6% of the patients with rASNase and Asparaginase medac, respectively. During induction, 2.1% and 5% of patients developed an allergic reaction to rASNase or Asparaginase medac, respectively. Approximately 41% of the patients in both groups had a clinical allergy or enzyme inactivation to the first dose of any asparaginase preparation in postinduction. A comparable proportion of patients in both groups developed anti-asparaginase antibodies (57%) during repeated administration of asparaginase. Minimal residual disease levels at the end of induction, 5-year event-free survival, and 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse did not differ between both groups. CONCLUSION: The efficacy, safety, and immunogenicity of both asparaginase preparations are comparable. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00784017; EudraCT number 2006-003180-31.

12.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 24(9): 1848-1855, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29772352

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is beneficial for pediatric patients with relapsed or (very) high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in remission. A total of 1115 consecutive patients were included in the ALL SCT 2003 BFM study and the ALL SCT 2007 I-BFM study and were stratified according to relapse risk (standard versus high versus very high risk of relapse) and donor type (matched sibling versus matched donor versus mismatched donor). A total of 148 patients (60% boys; median age, 8.7 years; B cell precursor ALL, 75%) were transplanted from mismatched donors, which was defined as either less than 9/10 HLA-compatible donors or less than 5/6 unrelated cord blood after myeloablative conditioning regimen (total body irradiation based, 67%) for high relapse risk (HRR; n = 42) or very HRR (VHRR) disease (n = 106). The stem cell source was either bone marrow (n = 31), unmanipulated peripheral stem cells (n = 28), T cell ex vivo depleted peripheral stem cells (n = 59), or cord blood (n = 25). The median follow-up was 5.1 years. The 4-year rates of overall survival (OS) and event-free survival were 56% ± 4% and 52% ± 4%, respectively, for the entire cohort. Patients transplanted from mismatched donors for HRR disease obtained remarkable 4-year OS and event-free survival values of 82% ± 6% and 80% ± 6%, respectively, whereas VHRR patients obtained values of 45% ± 5% and 42% ± 5% (P < .001), respectively. The cumulative incidence of relapse was 29% ± 4% and that of nonrelapse mortality 19% ± 3%. The cumulative incidence of limited and extensive chronic graft-versus-host disease was 13% ± 3% and 15% ± 4%, respectively, among the 120 patients living beyond day 100. Multivariate analysis showed that OS was lower for transplanted VHRR patients (P = .002; hazard ratio [HR], 3.62; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.60 to 8.20) and for patients beyond second complete remission (CR2) versus first complete remission (P < .001; HR, 3.68; 95% CI, 1.79 to 7.56); relapse occurred more frequently in patients with VHRR disease (P = .026; HR, 3.30; 95% CI, 1.16 to 9.60) and for those beyond CR2 (P = .005; HR, 4.16; 95% CI, 1.52 to 10.59). Nonrelapse mortality was not significantly higher for cytomegalovirus-positive recipients receiving cytomegalovirus-negative grafts (P = .12; HR, 1.96; 95% CI, .84 to 4.58). HSCT with a mismatched donor is feasible in pediatric ALL patients but leads to inferior results compared with HSCT with better matched donors, at least for patients transplanted for VHRR disease. The results are strongly affected by disease status. The main cause of treatment failure is still relapse, highlighting the urgent need for interventional strategies after HSCT for patients with residual leukemia before and/or after transplantation.

13.
PLoS One ; 13(4): e0196400, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29698469

RESUMO

Treatment with lysine deacetylase inhibitors (KDACi) for haematological malignancies, is accompanied by haematological side effects including thrombocytopenia, suggesting that modulation of protein acetylation affects normal myeloid development, and specifically megakaryocyte development. In the current study, utilising ex-vivo differentiation of human CD34+ haematopoietic progenitor cells, we investigated the effects of two functionally distinct KDACi, valproic acid (VPA), and nicotinamide (NAM), on megakaryocyte differentiation, and lineage choice decisions. Treatment with VPA increased the number of megakaryocyte/erythroid progenitors (MEP), accompanied by inhibition of megakaryocyte differentiation, whereas treatment with NAM accelerated megakaryocyte development, and stimulated polyploidisation. Treatment with both KDACi resulted in no significant effects on erythrocyte differentiation, suggesting that the effects of KDACi primarily affect megakaryocyte lineage development. H3K27Ac ChIP-sequencing analysis revealed that genes involved in myeloid development, as well as megakaryocyte/erythroid (ME)-lineage differentiation are uniquely modulated by specific KDACi treatment. Taken together, our data reveal distinct effects of specific KDACi on megakaryocyte development, and ME-lineage decisions, which can be partially explained by direct effects on promoter acetylation of genes involved in myeloid differentiation.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/farmacologia , Histonas/metabolismo , Megacariócitos/citologia , Acetilação , Antígenos CD34/metabolismo , Plaquetas/citologia , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Linhagem da Célula , Células Cultivadas , Células Eritroides/citologia , Células Eritroides/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/citologia , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/metabolismo , Histonas/genética , Humanos , Megacariócitos/metabolismo , Niacinamida/farmacologia , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Ácido Valproico/sangue , Ácido Valproico/farmacologia
16.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 141(2): 697-703.e8, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28716387

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alloimmune-mediated lung syndromes (allo-LSs) are life-threatening complications after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Respiratory virus (RV) has been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis. OBJECTIVE: We studied the relation between RV DNA/RNA detection in the upper/lower airways before HCT and the occurrence of allo-LSs. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed all HCT recipients between 2004 and 2014, in whom real-time PCR for RV was performed in nasopharyngeal aspirates (NPAs) and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid before HCT. The main outcome of interest was the presence of an allo-LS, which was defined as idiopathic pneumonia syndrome or bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome. Other outcomes were overall survival and treatment-related mortality. We used Cox proportional hazard models, logistic regression models, and Fine-Gray competing risk regression for analyses. RESULTS: One hundred seventy-nine children (median age, 6.8 years) were included. RVs were found in 61% (41% in BAL fluid/NPAs and 20% in NPAs only). Rhinovirus was the most frequently detected RV (42%). Allo-LSs occurred in 13%. RV positivity in BAL fluid was a predictor for allo-LSs (hazard ratio, 3.8; 95% CI, 1.4-10.7; P = .01), whereas RV positivity in NPAs only was not. No other predictors were found. Grade II to IV acute graft-versus-host disease related to steroid treatment shows a trend toward a protective effect (odds ratio, 0.16; 95% CI, 0.0-1.3; P = .08). Allo-LSs significantly increased treatment-related mortality (52% ± 10% in allo-LSs and 20% ± 4% in non-allo-LSs, P = .007). CONCLUSIONS: These results show that pre-HCT BAL fluid RV positivity was a predictor for allo-LSs. Screening for RVs before HCT might identify patients at risk for allo-LSs. This could have implications for prevention and treatment and might subsequently influence the outcomes of HCT.

17.
Br J Haematol ; 180(1): 100-109, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29094350

RESUMO

The outcomes of adult patients transplanted for Fanconi anaemia (FA) have not been well described. We retrospectively analysed 199 adult patients with FA transplanted between 1991 and 2014. Patients were a median of 16 years of age when diagnosed with FA, and underwent transplantation at a median age of 23 years. Time between diagnosis and transplant was shortest (median 2 years) in those patients who had a human leucocyte antigen identical sibling donor. Fifty four percent of patients had bone marrow (BM) failure at transplantation and 46% had clonal disease (34% myelodysplasia, 12% acute leukaemia). BM was the main stem cell source, the conditioning regimen included cyclophosphamide in 96% of cases and fludarabine in 64%. Engraftment occurred in 82% (95% confidence interval [CI] 76-87%), acute graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) grade II-IV in 22% (95% CI 16-28%) and the incidence of chronic GvHD at 96 months was 26% (95% CI 20-33). Non-relapse mortality at 96 months was 56% with an overall survival of 34%, which improved with more recent transplants. Median follow-up was 58 months. Patients transplanted after 2000 had improved survival (84% at 36 months), using BM from an identical sibling and fludarabine in the conditioning regimen. Factors associated with improved outcome in multivariate analysis were use of fludarabine and an identical sibling or matched non-sibling donor. Main causes of death were infection (37%), GvHD (24%) and organ failure (12%). The presence of clonal disease at transplant did not significant impact on survival. Secondary malignancies were reported in 15 of 131 evaluable patients.


Assuntos
Anemia de Fanconi/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Adolescente , Adulto , Causas de Morte , Anemia de Fanconi/diagnóstico , Anemia de Fanconi/mortalidade , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/etiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Doadores de Tecidos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
18.
Eur J Haematol ; 100(2): 163-170, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29114930

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is characterized by hypoplastic anemia, congenital anomalies, and a predisposition for malignancies. Most of our understanding of this disorder stems from molecular studies combined with extensive data input from international patient registries. OBJECTIVES: To create an overview of the pediatric DBA population in the Netherlands. METHODS: Forty-three patients diagnosed with DBA from all Dutch university pediatric hospitals were included in this study, and their clinical and genetic characteristics were collected from patient records. RESULTS: Congenital malformations were present in 24 of 43 patients (55.8%). An underlying genetic defect was identified in 26 of 43 patients (60.5%), the majority of which were found in the RPS19 gene (12 of 43, 27.9%) with 1 patient carrying a mutation in a novel DBA candidate gene, RPL9. In 31 of 35 (88.6%) patients, an initial response to glucocorticoid treatment was observed. Six patients (14.0%) underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and eleven patients (11 of 43, 25.6%) became treatment-independent spontaneously. CONCLUSION: In agreement with previous reports, the Dutch pediatric DBA population is both clinically and genetically heterogeneous. National and international registries, together with more extensive genetic testing, are crucial to increase our understanding of genotype and phenotype correlations of this intriguing disorder.


Assuntos
Anemia de Diamond-Blackfan/diagnóstico , Anemia de Diamond-Blackfan/genética , Adolescente , Anemia de Diamond-Blackfan/epidemiologia , Anemia de Diamond-Blackfan/terapia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Terapia Combinada , Anormalidades Congênitas/diagnóstico , Anormalidades Congênitas/genética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Estudos de Associação Genética , Testes Genéticos , Variação Genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Sistema de Registros
19.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 64(12)2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28598548

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Large prospective studies on dexamethasone-induced changes in eating behavior, energy, and nutrient intake are lacking in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We prospectively studied eating behavior, energy, nutrient intake, and the effect on leptin and adiponectin levels during dexamethasone administration in children with ALL. PATIENTS: Parents of patients with ALL (3-16 years) completed a dietary diary for their child during 4 days of dexamethasone (6 mg/m2 ) administration. Energy intake and nutrient intake (energy percentage = E%) were assessed and compared with the recommended intake. The Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire for Children was completed before start and after 4 days of dexamethasone administration by patients of 7-12 years of age. Fasting leptin and adiponectin levels were also measured before start and after 4 days of dexamethasone administration. RESULTS: Energy intake per day(kcal) (N = 44) increased significantly during dexamethasone (median day 1: 1,103 (717-1,572) versus day 4: 1,482 (1,176-1,822), P < 0.01), including an increase in total protein, fat, saturated fat, carbohydrate, and sodium intake. Intake of saturated fat (median day 4: 12 E%) and salt (median day 4: 1.9 g/day) exceeded the healthy range for age and gender. With respect to eating behavior, dexamethasone significantly decreased restrained eating (P = 0.04). Leptin levels as well as adiponectin levels increased significantly during the dexamethasone course. CONCLUSIONS: Four days of dexamethasone treatment significantly increased energy intake, including excessive saturated fat and salt intake, and changed eating behavior in children with ALL. Nutritional and behavioral interventions during dexamethasone treatment are recommended to stimulate a healthy lifestyle.


Assuntos
Dexametasona/efeitos adversos , Comportamento Alimentar/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Adiponectina/sangue , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ingestão de Energia , Feminino , Humanos , Leptina/sangue , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/sangue , Estudos Prospectivos
20.
BMC Pediatr ; 17(1): 122, 2017 05 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28486976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common and severe complication during treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). An important cause is the intensive use of asparaginase. Prospective cohort studies in which prophylactic low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) was used to prevent VTE showed lower VTE risk than in historic control cohorts, with a negligible bleeding risk. However, the efficacy of thromboprophylaxis with LMWH during ALL treatment has never been investigated in a randomized design. Here, we present the protocol of a randomized controlled trial in which the efficacy and safety of thromboprophylaxis with high prophylactic dose LMWH versus no thromboprophylaxis will be assessed in children treated for primary ALL with asparaginase. METHODS/DESIGN: Thromboprophylaxis in Children treated for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia with Low-molecular-weight heparin (TropicALL) is a multicenter, randomized controlled open-label trial conducted in the Netherlands. Patients between 1 and 19 years of age with primary ALL, who are treated within the Dutch Childhood Oncology Group (DCOG) ALL-11 or 12 study will be randomized to thromboprophylaxis with LMWH once daily, (dose of 85 IU/kg (intervention arm A)), or to no thromboprophylaxis (arm B, standard of care) during asparaginase courses of ALL treatment. Primary efficacy endpoint is symptomatic objectified VTE during ALL treatment; secondary efficacy endpoints are overall survival and the composite of symptomatic and asymptomatic objectified VTE. Primary safety endpoints are major bleeding, clinically relevant non-major bleeding and minor bleeding. A total of 324 patients will be included to obtain a relative risk reduction of 75% with a power of 80%, using a two-sided test with significance level α = 0.05. DISCUSSION: This trial will be the first to assess efficacy and safety of thromboprophylaxis with LMWH during asparaginase treatment for ALL in children in a randomized design. TRAIL REGISTRATION: Nederlands Trial Register NTR4707 . Registered 30 July 2014.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Asparaginase/efeitos adversos , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/uso terapêutico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Tromboembolia Venosa/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Asparaginase/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Protocolos Clínicos , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Tromboembolia Venosa/induzido quimicamente , Adulto Jovem
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