Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 107
Filtrar
Filtros adicionais











País/Região como assunto
Intervalo de ano
1.
Heart Fail Rev ; 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31372789

RESUMO

Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is an acute and mostly reversible cardiomyopathy that mimics an acute coronary syndrome with left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction without relevant obstructive coronary artery disease. Its prevalence is probably underestimated and reaches 1.2-2% in patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing coronary catheterization. Although supraphysiological epinephrine levels have been associated with TTS, the detailed pathophysiology is incompletely understood. Chest pain is the most common clinical presentation; however, cardiac decompensation, cardiogenic shock, and sudden cardiac death due to ventricular fibrillation may also be the first clinical manifestations. Patients are mostly postmenopausal women, in whom the condition is commonly associated with emotional triggers; however, men have a higher prevalence of TTS being associated with physical triggers, which has a worse prognosis compared with TTS associated with emotional triggers. As a diagnosis of exclusion, TTS has no single definitive diagnostic test. According to the distribution of LV wall motion abnormalities, various morphological subtypes have been identified. The final diagnosis depends on cardiac imaging with left ventricular angiography during acute heart catheterization, as well as on echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance. Most patients recover completely, albeit several factors have been associated with worse prognosis. Management is based on observational data, while randomized multicenter studies are still lacking. This review provides a general overview of TTS and focuses on the hypothesized pathophysiology, and especially on current practices in diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment.

2.
Heart Fail Rev ; 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396762

RESUMO

Meta-analysis on immunohistological (IHC) concepts for the detection of inflammatory cardiomyopathy (InfCM) in endomyocardial biopsies (EMB). We included 61 publications, with 10,491 patients (mean age 47.1 years; men 66%) who underwent EMB and IHC evaluation. The 460 control patients were devoid of IHC proof of InfCM. The mean IHC detection rate of InfCM was 50.8% (95% CI 47.7-53.8%; range 18.4-91.7%). A publication bias was excluded (Funnel Plot p = 0.4264). This IHC detection rate was significantly (p < 0.0001) higher compared to the histological detection of myocarditis according to the Dallas criteria (mean 8.04%; 95% CI 5.08-12.5%; subset of 3274 patients in 30 publications). However, 13 different diagnostic IHC criteria were described in the publications, with various thresholds of diverse phenotypes of quantified infiltrates, and endothelial expression of diverse cell adhesion molecules (CAM), quantified either visually or by digital image analysis (DIA). The comparison of IHC with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) data available in a subset of 13 publications with 1185 patients revealed a sensitivity for CMR of 69% (95% CI 58-79%), a specificity of 73% (95% CI 59-84%), and a ROC-AUC of 0.77 (95% CI 0.73-0.81). This meta-analysis encompassing 10,491 patients confirms a mean detection rate of InfCM in 50.8% of EMB, being significantly more sensitive compared to the histological Dallas criteria. IHC cannot be fully substituted by CMR. However, standardization of the diverse IHC markers and protocols seems pertinent, especially considering the published adverse prognostic impact of IHC-confirmed InfCM and its published suitability for the selection of candidates responding favorably to immunosuppression.

3.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prognosis in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) depends on the amount of infarct-related artery (IRA)-subtended myocardium and associated damage but has not been described in great detail. Consequently, we sought to describe IRA-associated pathophysiological consequences using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). METHODS: 1235 AMI patients (n = 795 ST-elevation (STEMI) and 440 non-STEMI) underwent CMR following percutaneous coronary intervention. Blinded core-laboratory data were compared according to left anterior descending (LAD), left circumflex (LCx) and right coronary artery (RCA) regarding major adverse clinical events (MACE) within 12 months. Left ventricular (LV) global longitudinal/circumferential/radial (GLS/GCS/GRS) as well as left atrial (LA) total (εs), passive (εe) and active (εa) strains were determined using CMR-feature tracking. Tissue characterisation included infarct size (IS) and microvascular obstruction. RESULTS: LAD and LCx were associated with higher mortality compared to RCA lesions (4.6% and 4.4% vs 1.6%). LAD lesions showed largest IS (16.8%), largest ventricular [LV ejection fraction (EF) 47.4%, GLS - 13.2%, GCS - 20.8%] and atrial (εs 20.2%) impairment. There was less impairment in LCx (IS 11.8%, LVEF 50.8%, GLS - 17.4%, GCS - 25.0%, εs 20.7%) followed by RCA lesions (IS 11.3%, LVEF 50.8%, GLS - 19.1%, GCS - 26.6%, εs 21.7%). In AUC analyses, εs (LAD, RCA) and GLS (LCx) best predicted MACE (AUC > 0.69). Multivariate analyses identified εs (p = 0.017) in LAD and GLS (p = 0.034) in LCx infarcts as independent predictors of MACE. CONCLUSIONS: CMR allows IRA-specific phenotyping and characterisation of morphologic and functional changes. These alterations carry infarct-specific prognostic implications, and may represent novel diagnostic and therapeutic targets following AMI. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00712101 and NCT01612312.

4.
Int J Cardiol ; 2019 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31300172

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sex-specific outcome data following myocardial infarction (MI) are inconclusive with some evidence suggesting association of female sex and increased major adverse cardiac events (MACE). Since mechanistic principles remain elusive, we aimed to quantify the underlying phenotype using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) quantitative deformation imaging and tissue characterisation. METHODS: In total, 795 ST-elevation MI patients underwent post-interventional CMR imaging. Feature-tracking (CMR-FT) was performed in a blinded core-laboratory. Left ventricular function was quantified using ejection fraction (LVEF) and global longitudinal/circumferential/radial strains (GLS/GCS/GRS). Left atrial function was assessed by reservoir (εs), conduit (εe) and booster-pump strains (εa). Tissue characterisation included infarct size, microvascular obstruction and area at risk. Primary endpoint was the occurrence of MACE within 1 year. RESULTS: Female sex was associated with increased MACE (HR 1.96, 95% CI 1.13-3.42, p = 0.017) but not independently of baseline confounders (p = 0.526) with women being older, more often diabetic and hypertensive (p < 0.001) and of higher Killip-class (p = 0.010). Tissue characterisation was similar between sexes. Women showed impaired atrial (εs p = 0.011, εe p < 0.001) but increased systolic ventricular mechanics (GLS p = 0.001, LVEF p = 0.048). While atrial and ventricular function predicted MACE in men only LV GLS and GCS were associated with MACE in women irrespective of confounders (GLS p = 0.036, GCS p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: In men ventricular systolic contractility is impaired and volume assessments precisely stratify elevated risks. In contrast, women experience reduced atrial but increased ventricular systolic strain. This may reflect ventricular diastolic failure with systolic compensation, which is independently associated with MACE adding incremental value to sex-specific prognosis evaluation.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31329854

RESUMO

AIMS: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance feature tracking (CMR-FT) global longitudinal strain (GLS) provides incremental prognostic value following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) but requires substantial post-processing. Alternatively, manual global long-axis strain (LAS) can be easily assessed from standard steady state free precession images. We aimed to define the prognostic value of LAS in a large multicentre study in patients following AMI. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1235 patients with myocardial infarction [n = 795 with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and 440 with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI)] underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in eight centres across Germany. Assessment of LAS was performed in a blinded core-laboratory measuring the systolic shortening between the epicardial apical border and the middle of a line connecting the origins of the mitral leaflets. Primary clinical endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse clinical events (MACE) including death, reinfarction, and congestive heart failure within 1 year after AMI. During 1-year follow-up, 76 patients suffered from MACE. Impaired LAS was associated with higher MACE occurrence both in STEMI (P < 0.001) and NSTEMI (P = 0.001) patients. Association of LAS remained significant (P = 0.017) after correction for univariate significant parameters for MACE prediction. C-statistics revealed incremental value of additional LAS assessment for optimized event prediction compared with left ventricular ejection fraction (MACE P = 0.044; mortality P = 0.013) and a combination of established clinical and imaging parameters (MACE P = 0.084; mortality P = 0.027), but not CMR-FT GLS (MACE P = 0.075; mortality P = 0.380). CONCLUSION: LAS provides software independent, widely available, easy and fast approximation of longitudinal left ventricular shortening early after reperfused AMI with incremental prognostic value beyond established risk stratification parameters. CLINICAL TRIALS.GOV: NCT00712101 and NCT01612312.

6.
Heart Fail Rev ; 24(4): 521-533, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30790171

RESUMO

Amyloidosis is caused by extracellular deposition of insoluble abnormal fibrils constituted by misfolded proteins, which can modify tissue anatomy and hinder the function of multiple organs including the heart. Amyloidosis that can affect the heart includes mostly systemic amyloidosis (amyloid light chain, AL) and transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTR). The latter can be acquired in elderly patients (ATTRwt), or be inherited in younger individuals (ATTRm). The diagnosis is demanding given the high phenotypic heterogeneity of the disease. Therefore, "red flags," which are suggestive features giving support to diagnostic suspicion, are extremely valuable. However, the lack of broad awareness among clinicians represents a major obstacle for early diagnosis and treatment of ATTR. Furthermore, recent implementation of noninvasive diagnostic techniques has revisited the need for endomyocardial biopsy (EMB). In fact, unlike AL amyloidosis, which requires tissue confirmation and typing for diagnosis, ATTR can now be diagnosed noninvasively with the combination of bone scintigraphy and the absence of a monoclonal protein. Securing the correct diagnosis is pivotal for the newly available therapeutic options targeting both ATTRm and ATTRwt, and are directed to either stabilization of the abnormal protein or the reduction of the production of transthyretin. The purpose of this article is to review the contemporary aspects of diagnosis and management of transthyretin amyloidosis with cardiac involvement, summarizing also the recent therapeutic advances with tafamidis, patisiran, and inotersen.

7.
PLoS One ; 14(1): e0210127, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30682045

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance feature tracking (CMR-FT) is increasingly used for myocardial deformation assessment including ventricular strain, showing prognostic value beyond established risk markers if used in experienced centres. Little is known about the impact of appropriate training on CMR-FT performance. Consequently, this study aimed to evaluate the impact of training on observer variance using different commercially available CMR-FT software. METHODS: Intra- and inter-observer reproducibility was assessed prior to and after dedicated one-hour observer training. Employed FT software included 3 different commercially available platforms (TomTec, Medis, Circle). Left (LV) and right (RV) ventricular global longitudinal as well as LV circumferential and radial strains (GLS, GCS and GRS) were studied in 12 heart failure patients and 12 healthy volunteers. RESULTS: Training improved intra- and inter-observer reproducibility. GCS and LV GLS showed the highest reproducibility before (ICC >0.86 and >0.81) and after training (ICC >0.91 and >0.92). RV GLS and GRS were more susceptible to tracking inaccuracies and reproducibility was lower. Inter-observer reproducibility was lower than intra-observer reproducibility prior to training with more pronounced improvements after training. Before training, LV strain reproducibility was lower in healthy volunteers as compared to patients with no differences after training. Whilst LV strain reproducibility was sufficient within individual software solutions inter-software comparisons revealed considerable software related variance. CONCLUSION: Observer experience is an important source of variance in CMR-FT derived strain assessment. Dedicated observer training significantly improves reproducibility with most profound benefits in states of high myocardial contractility and potential to facilitate widespread clinical implementation due to optimized robustness and diagnostic performance.

8.
Heart Fail Rev ; 24(3): 359-366, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30617667

RESUMO

Treatment of left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) with septal reduction, either with myectomy or alcohol septal ablation, is aiming to reduce the LVOT gradient and improve symptoms in patients who are refractory to or do not tolerate medical treatment. Apart from contributing to the evolution to heart failure, LVOT obstruction is considered a risk factor for sudden cardiac death (SCD). Both septal reduction treatments have been proven effective in reducing symptoms and seem to improve survival, which has been shown equal to the expected in the normal population. SCD is probably reduced after septal reduction, implying that LVOT obstruction is a major factor predisposing to ventricular tachyarrhythmias. Although available algorithms for SCD stratification have not been tested in patients after septal reduction treatments, effective treatment improves SCD risk profile substantially. Furthermore, high-risk patients with already implanted implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) before septal reduction show very low appropriate ICD shock rate after effective treatment. It should be noted, however, that the best outcomes for septal myectomy or ablation have been reported in HOCM patients treated in high-volume centres, which substantiates the need to refer patients to centres with high procedural expertise.

9.
Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 20(9): 1059-1069, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30649241

RESUMO

AIMS: The exact pathophysiology of Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) remains not fully understood with most studies focussing on ventricular pathology. Since atrial involvement may have a significant role, we assessed the diagnostic and prognostic potential of atrial cardiovascular magnetic resonance feature tracking (CMR-FT) in TTS. METHODS AND RESULTS: This multicentre study recruited 152 TTS patients who underwent CMR on average within 3 days after hospitalization. Reservoir [total strain εs and peak positive strain rate (SR) SRs], conduit (passive strain εe and peak early negative SRe), and booster pump function (active strain εa and peak late negative SRa) were assessed in a core laboratory. Results were compared with 21 control patients with normal biventricular function. A total of 20 patients underwent follow-up CMR (median 3.5 months, interquartile range 3-5). All patients were approached for general follow-up. Left atrial (LA) but not right atrial (RA) reservoir and conduit function were impaired during the acute phase (εs: P = 0.043, εe: P < 0.001, SRe: P = 0.047 vs. controls) and recovered until follow-up (εs: P < 0.001, SRs: P = 0.04, εe: P = 0.001, SRe: P = 0.04). LA and RA booster pump function were increased in the acute setting (LA-εa: P = 0.045, SRa: P = 0.002 and RA-εa: P = 0.004, SRa: P = 0.002 vs. controls). LA-εs predicted mortality [hazard ratio 1.10, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.01-1.20; P = 0.037] irrespectively of established cardiovascular risk factors (P = 0.019, multivariate analysis) including left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (area under the curve 0.71, 95% CI 0.55-0.86, P = 0.048). CONCLUSION: TTS pathophysiology comprises transient impairments in LA reservoir and conduit functions and enhanced bi-atrial active booster pump functions. Atrial CMR-FT may evolve as a superior marker of adverse events over and above established parameters such as LVEF and atrial volume.

10.
Diabetes ; 2018 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30487264

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to compare endothelial permeability, which is considered a hallmark of CAD, between patients with different HbA1c-levels using an albumin-binding-MR-probe. This cross-sectional-study included 26 patients with clinical indication for x-ray-angiography, which were classified into 3 groups according to their HbA1c-levels (HbA1c<5.7%,<39mmol/mol; HbA1c=5.7-6.4%,39-47mmol/mol; HbA1c≥6.5%,48mmol/mol). Subjects underwent gadofosveset-enhanced-coronary-magnetic-resonance and x-ray-angiography including optical-coherence-tomography (OCT) within 24hours. Contrast-to-noise-ratios were assessed to measure the probe-uptake in the coronary-wall by coronary segment, excluding those with culprit lesions in x-ray-angiography. In the group of patients with HbA1c-levels between 5.7-6.4% 0.30 increased normalized CNR values were measured, compared to patients with HbA1c-levels <5.7% (0.30; 95% CI:[0.04, 0.57]). In patients with HbA1c levels ≥6.5%, we found 0.57 higher normalized CNR values as compared to patients with normal HbA1c-levels (0.57;95% CI:[0.28,0.85]) and 0.26 higher CNR values for patients with HbA1c-level≥6.5% as compared to patients with HbA1c-levels between 5.7-6.4% (0.26; 95% CI: [-0.04, 0.57]). Additionally late atherosclerotic lesions were more common in patients with high HbA1c-levels (HbA1c ≥6.5%:n=14 (74%); HbA1c 5.7-6.4%:n=6 (60%); HbA1c<5.7%:n=10 (53%)).In conclusion, coronary-magnetic-resonance imaging in combination with an albumin-binding probe suggests that both patients with intermediate and high HbA1c-levels are associated with a higher extent of endothelial damage of the coronary arteries as compared to patients with HbA1c-levels below 5.7.

12.
Heart Fail Rev ; 23(2): 173-180, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29359261

RESUMO

In iron overload diseases (thalassemia, sickle cell, and myelodysplastic syndrome), iron is deposited in all internal organs, leading to functional abnormalities. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the only treatment offering a potential cure in these diseases. Our aim was to describe the experience in the field and the role of magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of iron overload before and after HSCT. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), using T2*, is the most commonly used tool to diagnose myocardial-liver iron overload and guide tailored treatment. Currently, HSCT offers complete cure in thalassemia major, after overcoming the immunologic barrier, and should be considered for all patients who have a suitable donor. The overall thalassemia-free survival of low-risk, HLA-matched sibling stem cell transplantation patients is 85-90%, with a 95% overall survival. The problems of rejection and engraftment are improving with the use of adequate immunosuppression. However, a detailed iron assessment of both heart and liver is necessary for pre- and post-transplant evaluation. In iron overload diseases, heart and liver iron evaluation is indispensable not only for the patients' survival, but also for evaluation before and after HSCT.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29361487

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the potential of the noninvasive albumin-binding probe gadofosveset-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (GE-CMR) for detection of coronary plaques that can cause acute coronary syndromes (ACS). BACKGROUND: ACS are frequently caused by rupture or erosion of coronary plaques that initially do not cause hemodynamically significant stenosis and are therefore not detected by invasive x-ray coronary angiography (XCA). METHODS: A total of 25 patients with ACS or symptoms of stable coronary artery disease underwent GE-CMR, clinically indicated XCA, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) within 24 h. GE-CMR was performed approximately 24 h following a 1-time application of gadofosveset-trisodium. Contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) was quantified within coronary segments in comparison with blood signal. RESULTS: A total of 207 coronary segments were analyzed on GE-CMR. Segments containing a culprit lesion in ACS patients (n = 11) showed significant higher signal enhancement (CNR) following gadofosveset-trisodium application than segments without culprit lesions (n = 196; 6.1 [3.9 to 16.5] vs. 2.1 [0.5 to 3.5]; p < 0.001). GE-CMR was able to correctly identify culprit coronary lesions in 9 of 11 segments (sensitivity 82%) and correctly excluded culprit coronary lesions in 162 of 195 segments (specificity 83%). Additionally, segmented areas of thin-cap fibroatheroma (n = 22) as seen on OCT demonstrated significantly higher CNR than segments without coronary plaque or segments containing early atherosclerotic lesions (n = 185; 9.2 [3.3 to 13.7] vs. 2.1 [0.5 to 3.4]; p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we demonstrated for the first time the noninvasive detection of culprit coronary lesions and thin-cap fibroatheroma of the coronary arteries in vivo by using GE-CMR. This method may represent a novel approach for noninvasive cardiovascular risk prediction.

14.
ESC Heart Fail ; 5(1): 3-8, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29160621

RESUMO

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a major risk factor for the incidence and progression of heart failure (HF). HF is characterized by a substantial morbidity and mortality and its lifetime risk is estimated at approximately 20% for men and women. As patients are in most cases identified only after developing overt clinical symptoms, detecting early stages of CAD and HF is of paramount importance. Due to its non-invasiveness, excellent soft-tissue contrast, high spatial resolution, and multiparametric nature, cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging has emerged as a promising radiation-free technique to assess a wide range of cardiovascular diseases such as CAD or HF, enabling a comprehensive evaluation of myocardial anatomy, regional and global function, and viability with the additional benefit of in vivo tissue characterization. CMR has the potential to enhance our understanding of coronary atherosclerosis and the aetiology of HF on functional and biological levels, to identify patients at risk for CAD or HF, and to enable individualized patient management and improved outcomes. Even though larger-scale studies on the different applications of CMR for the assessment of heart failure are scarce, recent research highlighted new possible clinical applications for CMR in the evaluation of CAD and HF.


Assuntos
Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Miocárdio/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
15.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 17(1): 296, 2017 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29262793

RESUMO

Takotsubo syndrome, a form of acutely decompensated heart failure, has drawn interest because of its intriguing pathophysiology and therapeutic dilemmas. In their recent work in BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, Abanador-Kamper et al. describe the therapy management in these patients and add valuable information on cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging evolution.

16.
Heart Fail Rev ; 22(6): 743-752, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28721466

RESUMO

Cardiomyopathies are complex diseases of multifactorial pathogenesis and have a high morbidity and mortality. Over the past decades, several revisions of classifications and definitions of cardiomyopathies have been proposed, primarily focusing on the phenotypic characterization of cardiomyopathies. The MOGE(S) classification system published in 2013 encompasses the classification of rapidly growing knowledge on genetic mutations, acquired causes (i.e., intramyocardial inflammation, viral infections), and further conditions involved in the induction of cardiomyopathies (e.g., storage diseases, toxicity). It is based on five attributes, including morphofunctional characteristics (M), organ involvement (O), genetic or familial inheritance pattern (G), etiological annotation (E), and optional information about the heart failure functional status (S). This review summarizes the development, the cornerstones of the MOGE(S) classification, and the published data on the clinical relevance of the MOGE(S) classification. We furthermore discuss new issues which might be considered for future updates of the MOGE(S) classification of cardiomyopathies.


Assuntos
Cardiologia , Cardiomiopatias , Previsões , Marcadores Genéticos/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/classificação , Cardiomiopatias/classificação , Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatias/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Humanos , Fenótipo
18.
Wien Klin Wochenschr ; 129(7-8): 278-283, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27837283

RESUMO

A 74-year-old female patient was referred to our department in 2015 with dyspnea, cough and dysphagia. She had been diagnosed with adenocarcinoma of the right breast in 1986 and underwent mastectomy. When she presented with a local recurrence in 1988, she was receiving high-voltage radiation therapy. Transthoracic echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed tricuspid regurgitation grade III and unclear right heart failure with a massively dilated right atrium. Coronary heart disease could be ruled out. In summary, the patient's findings represented right ventricular myocardial restriction which we attributed to irradiation of the right anterior chest 17 years previously.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Cardiomiopatia Restritiva/etiologia , Lesões por Radiação/etiologia , Radioterapia Conformacional/efeitos adversos , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/etiologia , Idoso , Cardiomiopatia Restritiva/diagnóstico , Causalidade , Comorbidade , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Longitudinais , Lesões por Radiação/diagnóstico , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico
20.
PLoS One ; 10(4): e0122858, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25848764

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether quantitative wall motion assessment by CMR myocardial feature tracking (CMR-FT) would reduce the impact of observer experience as compared to visual analysis in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM). METHODS: 15 consecutive patients with ICM referred for assessment of hibernating myocardium were studied at 3 Tesla using SSFP cine images at rest and during low dose dobutamine stress (5 and 10 µg/kg/min of dobutamine). Conventional visual, qualitative analysis was performed independently and blinded by an experienced and an inexperienced reader, followed by post-processing of the same images by CMR-FT to quantify subendocardial and subepicardial circumferential (Eccendo and Eccepi) and radial (Err) strain. Receiver operator characteristics (ROC) were assessed for each strain parameter and operator to detect the presence of inotropic reserve as visually defined by the experienced observer. RESULTS: 141 segments with wall motion abnormalities at rest were eligible for the analysis. Visual scoring of wall motion at rest and during dobutamine was significantly different between the experienced and the inexperienced observer (p<0.001). All strain values (Eccendo, Eccepi and Err) derived during dobutamine stress (5 and 10 µg/kg/min) showed similar diagnostic accuracy for the detection of contractile reserve for both operators with no differences in ROC (p>0.05). Eccendo was the most accurate (AUC of 0.76, 10 µg/kg/min of dobutamine) parameter. Diagnostic accuracy was worse for resting strain with differences between operators for Eccendo and Eccepi (p<0.05) but not Err (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: Whilst visual analysis remains highly dependent on operator experience, quantitative CMR-FT analysis of myocardial wall mechanics during DS-CMR provides diagnostic accuracy for the detection of inotropic reserve regardless of operator experience and hence may improve diagnostic robustness of low-dose DS-CMR in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Dobutamina/farmacologia , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Contração Miocárdica/efeitos dos fármacos , Miocárdio , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA