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1.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371859

RESUMO

Almost two in three patients who are aged 75 years and older and scheduled for surgery for colorectal cancer (CRC) are undernourished. Despite evidence that perioperative nutritional management can improve patients outcomes, international guidelines are still insufficiently applied in current practice. In this stepped-wedge cluster-randomized study of five surgical hospitals, we included 147 patients aged 70 years or older with scheduled abdominal surgery for CRC between October 2013 and December 2016. In the intervention condition, an outreach team comprising a geriatrician and a dietician visited patients and staff in surgical wards to assist with the correct application of guidelines. Evaluation, diagnosis, and prescription (according to nutritional status) were considered appropriate and strictly consistent with guidelines in 39.2% of patients in the intervention group compared to only 1.4% in the control group (p = 0.0002). Prescription of oral nutritional supplements during the perioperative period was significantly improved (41.9% vs. 4.1%; p < 0.0001). However, there were no benefits of the intervention on surgical complications or adverse events. A possible benefit of hospital stay reduction will need to be confirmed in further studies. This study highlights the importance of the implementation of quality improvement interventions into current practice for the perioperative nutritional management of older patients with CRC.


Assuntos
Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Desnutrição/terapia , Terapia Nutricional/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/complicações , Neoplasias Colorretais/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Suplementos Nutricionais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Desnutrição/complicações , Política Nutricional , Terapia Nutricional/normas , Estado Nutricional , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/normas , Período Pré-Operatório , Melhoria de Qualidade , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
BMJ Open ; 10(9): e037576, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873678

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Despite the non-negligible weight loss failure rate at midterm, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) remains the reference procedure in the treatment of morbid obesity with metabolic comorbidities. A recently emerged procedure, the single anastomosis duodeno-ileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (SADI-S), could be more effective on weight loss with similar morbidity and lower weight loss failure rate than RYGB. We propose the first randomised, open, multicentre superiority trial comparing the SADI-S to RYGB (SADISLEEVE). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The main objective is to demonstrate the superiority at 2 years after surgery of the SADI-S compared with RYGB in term of excess weight loss percentage. The secondary objectives are the evaluation of nutritional status, metabolic outcomes, overall complication rates and quality of life, within 2 years after surgery. Key inclusion criteria are obese patients with body mass index (BMI) ≥40 kg/m2 or ≥35 kg/m2 with at least one comorbid condition and candidate to a first bariatric procedure or after failure of sleeve gastrectomy. Patients randomised by minimisation in two arms, based on centre, surgery as a revisional procedure, presence of type 2 diabetes and BMI >50 kg/m2 will be included over 2 years.A sample size of 166 patients in each group will have a power of 90% to detect a probability of 0.603 that excess weight loss in the RYGB arm is less than excess weight loss in the SADI-S arm with a 5% two-sided significance level. With a drop-out rate of 10%, it will be necessary to include 183 patients per group. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study was approved by Institutional Review Board of Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Morvan (CPP1089-HPS1). Study was also approved by the French national agency for drug safety (2018061500148). Results will be reported in peer-reviewed scientific journals. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03610256.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Derivação Gástrica , Laparoscopia , Obesidade Mórbida , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/cirurgia , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Derivação Gástrica/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Obesidade Mórbida/complicações , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Lancet ; 393(10178): 1299-1309, 2019 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30851879

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: One anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) is increasingly used in the treatment of morbid obesity. However, the efficacy and safety outcomes of this procedure remain debated. We report the results of a randomised trial (YOMEGA) comparing the outcomes of OAGB versus standard Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). METHODS: This prospective, multicentre, randomised non-inferiority trial, was held in nine obesity centres in France. Patients were eligible for inclusion if their body-mass index (BMI) was 40 kg/m2 or higher, or 35 kg/m2 or higher with the presence of at least one comorbidity (type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, obstructive sleep apnoea, dyslipidaemia, or arthritis), and were aged 18-65 years. Key exclusion criteria were a history of oesophagitis, Barrett's oesophagus, severe gastro-oesophageal reflux disease resistant to proton-pump inhibitors, and previous bariatric surgery. Participants were randomly assigned (1:1) to OAGB or RYGB, stratified by centre with blocks of variable size; the study was open-label, with no masking required. RYGB consisted of a 150 cm alimentary limb and a 50 cm biliary limb and OAGB of a single gastrojejunal anastomosis with a 200 cm biliopancreatic limb. The primary endpoint was percentage excess BMI loss at 2 years. The primary endpoint was assessed in the per-protocol population and safety was assessed in all randomised participants. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02139813, and is now completed. FINDINGS: From May 13, 2014, to March 2, 2016, of 261 patients screened for eligibility, 253 (97%) were randomly assigned to OAGB (n=129) or RYGB (n=124). Five patients did not undergo their assigned surgery, and after undergoing their surgery 14 were excluded from the per-protocol analysis (seven due to pregnancy, two deaths, one withdrawal, and four revisions from OAGB to RYGB) In the per-protocol population (n=117 OAGB, n=117 RYGB), mean age was 43·5 years (SD 10·8), mean BMI was 43·9 kg/m2 (SD 5·6), 176 (75%) of 234 participants were female, and 58 (27%) of 211 with available data had type 2 diabetes. After 2 years, mean percentage excess BMI loss was -87·9% (SD 23·6) in the OAGB group and -85·8% (SD 23·1) in the RYGB group, confirming non-inferiority of OAGB (mean difference -3·3%, 95% CI -9·1 to 2·6). 66 serious adverse events associated with surgery were reported (24 in the RYGB group vs 42 in the OAGB group; p=0·042), of which nine (21·4%) in the OAGB group were nutritional complications versus none in the RYGB group (p=0·0034). INTERPRETATION: OAGB is not inferior to RYGB regarding weight loss and metabolic improvement at 2 years. Higher incidences of diarrhoea, steatorrhoea, and nutritional adverse events were observed with a 200 cm biliopancreatic limb OAGB, suggesting a malabsorptive effect. FUNDING: French Ministry of Health.


Assuntos
Anastomose em-Y de Roux/efeitos adversos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Derivação Gástrica/efeitos adversos , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Adulto , Anastomose em-Y de Roux/métodos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Diarreia/etiologia , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Derivação Gástrica/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Metabolismo/fisiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Esteatorreia/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Perda de Peso/fisiologia
4.
BMC Geriatr ; 19(1): 48, 2019 02 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30782118

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reduced mobility is the first sign of functional decline and can lead to dependency in elderly people. Screening for the risk of mobility limitation in this population is an important public health issue to prevent further disabilities. Despite the current lack of guidelines, primary care healthcare providers may have a central role to play in this type of screening. Multi-domain physical exercise interventions in older persons have shown some efficacy/effectiveness on frailty status, yet, to the best of our knowledge, no published study has focused on patients screened in primary care. METHOD: The PRISME-3P study is a national, interventional, multicenter, cluster randomized trial. Patients over 70 years of age will be systematically screened by their general practitioner (GP) on the basis of clinical criteria of mobility limitation. To avoid contamination bias, the unit of randomization will be the GP practice. In the intervention group, patients will consult a geriatrician and a dietician, and will receive a physical training program from a personal trainer who will demonstrate the exercises and provide follow-up coaching. The control group will receive standard care. The primary outcome will be the change in Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) scores between inclusion and 6-months follow-up. DISCUSSION: We expect an improvement of the SPPB between inclusion and 6 months of follow-up. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study is registered in ClinicalTrials.gov ( NCT02847871 , 27 July 2016).


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Limitação da Mobilidade , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise por Conglomerados , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Pessoas com Deficiência/psicologia , Pessoas com Deficiência/reabilitação , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino
5.
BMC Geriatr ; 17(1): 10, 2017 01 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28061830

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Undernutrition prior to major abdominal surgery is frequent and increases morbidity and mortality, especially in older patients. The management of undernutrition reduces postoperative complications. Nutritional management should be a priority in patient care during the preoperative period. However undernutrition is rarely detected and the guidelines are infrequently followed. Preoperative undernutrition screening should allow a better implementation of the guidelines. METHODS/DESIGN: The ANC ("Age Nutrition Chirurgie") study is an interventional, comparative, prospective, multicenter, randomized protocol based on the stepped wedge trial design. For the intervention, the surgeon will inform the patient of the establishment of a systematic preoperative geriatric assessment that will allow the preoperative diagnosis of the nutritional status and the implementation of an adjusted nutritional support in accordance with the nutritional guidelines. The primary outcome measure is to determine the impact of the geriatric intervention on the level of perioperative nutritional management, in accordance with the current European guidelines. The implementation of the intervention in the five participating centers will be rolled-out sequentially over six time periods (every six months). Investigators must recommend that all patients aged 70 years or over and who are consulting for a surgery for a colorectal cancer should consider participating in this study. DISCUSSION: The ANC study is based on an original methodology, the stepped wedge trial design, which is appropriate for evaluating the implementation of a geriatric and nutritional assessment during the perioperative period. We describe the purpose of this geriatric intervention, which is expected to apply the ESPEN and SFNEP recommendations through the establishment of an undernutrition screening and a management program for patients with cancer. This intervention should allow a decrease in patient morbidity and mortality due to undernutrition. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study is registered in ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02084524 on March 11, 2014 (retrospectively registered).


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Desnutrição/diagnóstico , Desnutrição/prevenção & controle , Terapia Nutricional , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Feminino , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação Nutricional , Estado Nutricional , Estudos Prospectivos
6.
Ann Surg ; 264(5): 731-737, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27429039

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare nasojejunal early enteral nutrition (NJEEN) with total parenteral nutrition (TPN), after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), in terms of postoperative complications. BACKGROUND: Current nutritional guidelines recommend the use of enteral over parenteral nutrition in patients undergoing gastrointestinal surgery. However, the NJEEN remains controversial in patients undergoing PD. METHODS: Multicenter, randomized, controlled trial was conducted between 2011 and 2014. Nine centers in France analyzed 204 patients undergoing PD to NJEEN (n = 103) or TPN (n = 101). Primary outcome was the rate of postoperative complications according to Clavien-Dindo classification. Successful NJEEN was defined as insertion of a nasojejunal feeding tube, delivering at least 50% of nutritional needs on PoD 5, and no TPN for more than consecutive 48 hours. RESULTS: Postoperative complications occurred in 77.5% [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 68.1-85.1] patients in the NJEEN group versus 64.4% (95% CI 54.2-73.6) in TPN group (P = 0.040). NJEEN was associated with higher frequency of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) (48.1% vs 27.7%, P = 0.012) and higher severity (grade B/C 29.4% vs 13.9%; P = 0.007). There was no significant difference in the incidence of post-pancreatectomy hemorrhage, delayed gastric emptying, infectious complications, the grade of postoperative complications, and the length of postoperative stay. A successful NJEEN was achieved in 63% patients. In TPN group, average energy intake was significantly higher (P < 0.001) and patients had an earlier recovery of oral feeding (P = 0.0009). CONCLUSIONS: In patients undergoing PD, NJEEN was associated with an increased overall postoperative complications rate. The frequency and the severity of POPF were also significantly increased after NJEEN. In terms of safety and feasibility, NJEEN should not be recommended.


Assuntos
Nutrição Enteral , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Nutrição Parenteral Total , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/complicações , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
BMC Cancer ; 15: 47, 2015 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25849254

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A majority of patients with rectal cancer and metastasis are not eligible to curative treatment because of an extensive and unresectable metastatic disease. Primary tumor resection is still debated in this situation. Rectal surgery treats or prevents the symptoms and avoids the risk of acute complications related to the primary tumor. Several studies on colorectal cancers seem to show interesting results in terms of survival in favor to the resection of the primary tumor. To date, no randomized trial or even a prospective study has assessed the impact of primary tumor resection on overall survival in patients with colorectal cancer with unresectable metastasis. All published studies were retrospective and included colon and rectal cancers. Rectal cancer is associated with specific problems related to the rectal surgery. Surgery is more complex, and may be source of more morbidity and postoperative functional dysfunctions (stoma, digestive, sexual, urinary) than colic surgery. On the other hand, symptoms related to the progression of rectal tumor are often very disabling: pain, rectal syndrome. METHODS/DESIGN: GRECCAR 8 is a multicentre randomized open-label controlled trial aimed to evaluate the impact on survival of the primary tumor resection in rectal cancer with unresectable synchronous metastasis. Patients must undergo upfront systemic chemotherapy for at least 4 courses before inclusion. Patients with progressive metastatic disease during upfront chemotherapy will be excluded from the study. Patients will be randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to Arm A: primary tumor resection followed by systemic chemotherapy versus Arm B: systemic chemotherapy alone. Primary endpoint will be overall survival measured from the date of randomization to the date of death or to the end of follow-up (2 years). Secondary endpoints will include progression-free survival, quality of life, toxicity of chemotherapy, response of the primary tumor and metastatic disease to chemotherapy, postoperative morbidity and mortality, rate of patient not eligible for postoperative chemotherapy (arm A), primary tumor related complications and rate of emergency surgery (arm B). The number of patients needed is 290. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrial.gov: NCT02314182.


Assuntos
Protocolos Clínicos , Neoplasias Retais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Retais/terapia , Terapia Combinada , Gerenciamento Clínico , Humanos , Morbidade , Mortalidade , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Retais/complicações , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Nucl Med ; 55(6): 877-83, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24722530

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: The prevention of tumor recurrence after curative treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is unresolved. Postoperative intraarterial injection of (131)I-labeled lipiodol has been proposed as adjuvant treatment. The aim of this prospective randomized trial was to evaluate if a single dose of postoperative adjuvant intraarterial (131)I-lipiodol (vs. unlabeled lipiodol) could reduce the rate of intrahepatic recurrence at 2 y. METHODS: Patients who underwent curative treatment for HCC and recovered within 6 wk were randomly assigned to receive a single 2,200-MBq (131)I-lipiodol dose or a single unlabeled lipiodol dose on a 1:1 basis. Recurrence-free and overall survival rates were analyzed. RESULTS: Between June 2005 and February 2009, we included 58 patients (median age of 63 y [range, 23-85 y]): 29 received intraarterial (131)I-lipiodol and 29 received lipiodol adjuvant treatment. At 2 y after treatment, the rate of patients with intrahepatic recurrence was 28% in the (131)I-lipiodol group and 56% in the lipiodol group (P = 0.0449). The Kaplan-Meier analysis confirmed this result, with a 2-y recurrence-free survival in the (131)I-lipiodol and lipiodol groups of 73% and 45%, respectively (P = 0.0259). The 5-y recurrence-free survival rates in the (131)I-lipiodol and lipiodol groups were 40% and 0%, respectively (P = 0.0184). The overall and specific survivals were not significantly different between groups (P = 0.9378 and P = 0.1339, respectively). (131)I-lipiodol had no severe toxic effects. CONCLUSION: After curative treatment of patients with HCC, one 2,200-MBq dose of intraarterial (131)I-lipiodol significantly decreased the rate of intrahepatic recurrence but failed to improve overall or specific survival.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Quimiorradioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Óleo Etiodado/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimiorradioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos , Óleo Etiodado/administração & dosagem , Óleo Etiodado/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Intra-Arteriais , Radioisótopos do Iodo/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
9.
BMC Cancer ; 14: 183, 2014 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24628950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Europe, gastric cancer remains diagnosed at advanced stage (serosal and/or lymph node involvement). Despite curative management combining perioperative systemic chemotherapy and gastrectomy with D1-D2 lymph node dissection, 5-year survival rates of T3 and/or N + patients remain under 30%. More than 50% of recurrences are peritoneal and/or locoregional. The use of adjuvant hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy that eliminates free cancer cells that can be released into peritoneal cavity during the gastrectomy and prevents peritoneal carcinomatosis recurrences, was extensively evaluated by several randomized trials conducted in Asia. Two meta-analysis reported that adjuvant hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy significantly reduces the peritoneal recurrences and significantly improves the overall survival. As it was previously done for the evaluation of the extension of lymph node dissection, it seems very important to validate on European or caucasian patients the results observed in trials performed in Asia. METHODS/DESIGN: GASTRICHIP is a prospective, open, randomized multicenter phase III clinical study with two arms that aims to evaluate the effects of hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy with oxaliplatin on patients with gastric cancer involving the serosa and/or lymph node involvement and/or with positive cytology at peritoneal washing, treated with perioperative systemic chemotherapy and D1-D2 curative gastrectomy. Peroperatively, at the end of curative surgery, patients will be randomized after preoperatively written consent has been given for participation. Primary endpoint will be overall survival from the date of surgery to the date of death or to the end of follow-up (5 years). Secondary endpoint will be 3- and 5-year recurrence-free survival, site of recurrence, morbidity, and quality of life. An ancillary study will compare the incidence of positive peritoneal cytology pre- and post-gastrectomy in two arms of the study, and assess its impact on 5-year survival. The number of patients to be randomized was calculated to be 306. TRIAL REGISTRATION: EudraCT number: 2012-005748-12, ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01882933.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Peritoneais/terapia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Europa (Continente) , Gastrectomia/métodos , Humanos , Hipertermia Induzida , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Compostos Organoplatínicos/administração & dosagem , Compostos Organoplatínicos/uso terapêutico , Oxaliplatina , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Respir Care ; 58(9): 1424-32, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23322888

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess factors that predict good tolerance of noninvasive ventilation (NIV), in order to improve survival and quality of life in subjects with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study in subjects with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and requiring NIV. The primary end point was NIV tolerance at 1 month. Subjects, several of whom failed to complete the study, were classified as "tolerant" or "poorly tolerant," according to the number of hours of NIV use (more or less than 4 h per night, respectively). RESULTS: Eighty-one subjects, 73 of whom also attended the 1-month follow-up visit, participated over 34 months. NIV tolerance after the first day of utilization predicted tolerance at 1 month (77.6% and 75.3% of subjects, respectively). Multivariate analysis disclosed 3 factors predicting good NIV tolerance: absence of airway secretions accumulation prior to NIV onset (odds ratio 11.5); normal bulbar function at initiation of NIV (odds ratio 8.5); and older age (weakly significant, odds ratio 1.1). CONCLUSION: Our study reveals 3 factors that are predictive of good NIV tolerance, in particular the absence of airway secretion accumulation, which should prompt NIV initiation before its appearance.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/complicações , Ventilação não Invasiva , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia , Escarro/metabolismo , Fatores Etários , Feminino , Gastrostomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Estudos Prospectivos , Testes de Função Respiratória , Insuficiência Respiratória/etiologia
11.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 159(2): 305-9, 2011 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21968031

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether forceps training on a birth simulator allows obstetricians to improve forceps blade placement. STUDY DESIGN: Analysis was based on 600 forceps blade placements performed by ten trainees on a simulator. The trajectories used by the trainees were assessed using reference spheres that reflected an optimal bimalar placement. Three definitions of success were used: small-sphere success, medium-sphere success and large-sphere success were respectively defined by the forceps blade tip being within 5, 10 or 15mm of the center of the sphere (the small-sphere being nested within the medium-sphere and the small and medium being nested within the large-sphere). Wilcoxon paired analysis was performed to compare the first (50 trajectories) and final (50 trajectories) sets of five forceps placements. Graphical representation and linear regression were used to visualize the learning process. RESULTS: 596 trajectories were available for analysis. During the last set of five forceps the success rate was respectively 28%, 72% and 86% for small-sphere, medium-sphere and large-sphere success with the right blade and 8%, 32% and 70% for the left blade. Wilcoxon analysis showed a highly significant improvement for all kinds of success in the right blade and for large-sphere success in the left blade. Linear regression slopes were significant. Using a projection, the theoretical numbers of placements needed to achieve a 100% success rate for small-sphere, medium-sphere and large-sphere were respectively 80, 45 and 35. CONCLUSION: These results strongly suggest that performing forceps blade placement on birth simulator allows obstetricians to improve their skills.


Assuntos
Extração Obstétrica/educação , Modelos Anatômicos , Forceps Obstétrico/efeitos adversos , Competência Profissional , Adulto , Traumatismos do Nascimento/prevenção & controle , Feminino , França , Humanos , Masculino , Obstetrícia/educação , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Pediatr ; 159(5): 838-844.e1, 2011 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21658716

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of oral miglustat treatment in patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type III. The primary outcome was efficacy with improvement or stabilization in at least two domains of Vineland Adaptative Behavior Scales at 6 months. The secondary outcome measured the evolution of other cognitive tests at 12 months. The safety and tolerability were assessed throughout the study. STUDY DESIGN: This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, monocenter, institutional, phase IIb to III study. In case of efficacy at 6 months, the study would go on for another 6 months on an open design with all patients receiving miglustat. In the absence of efficacy at 6 months, the trial had to be continued for 6 more months with the initial design. RESULTS: After 6 months, efficacy was not superior in patients with miglustat. The independent review board confirmed continuing the study until 12 months. CONCLUSION: Miglustat treatment was not associated with any improvement/stabilization in behavior problems in patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type III. Miglustat has an acceptable safety profile. However, the study has confirmed that miglustat is able to pass through the blood-brain barrier without significantly decreasing ganglioside levels.


Assuntos
1-Desoxinojirimicina/análogos & derivados , Inibidores Enzimáticos/uso terapêutico , Mucopolissacaridose III/tratamento farmacológico , 1-Desoxinojirimicina/sangue , 1-Desoxinojirimicina/líquido cefalorraquidiano , 1-Desoxinojirimicina/uso terapêutico , Encéfalo/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cognição/efeitos dos fármacos , Método Duplo-Cego , Inibidores Enzimáticos/sangue , Inibidores Enzimáticos/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Feminino , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/tratamento farmacológico , alfa-Glucosidases/líquido cefalorraquidiano
13.
J Neurol ; 257(9): 1453-6, 2010 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20339860

RESUMO

The aim of our study was to compare the results obtained by intraoperative and postoperative subthalamic nucleus (STN) macrostimulation in Parkinson's disease (PD). One hundred three PD patients implanted with bilateral STN stimulation were included. The thresholds for efficacy and side effects (motor contraction; paresthesias; oculomotor signs) observed on the same trajectory and at the same depth during the intraoperative evaluation and the first postoperative setting of STN stimulation parameters were collected. The level of improvement was divided into four categories depending on the degree of rigidity reduction: 0: no effect, A (mediocre efficacy): 20-50%, B (good efficacy): 60-100%, LL: lesion-like effect (disappearance of rigidity after implantation). Efficacy of STN stimulation was analyzed in 83 patients for a total of 664 contacts. For the best effects (B, LL), the results obtained in the operative room were concordant with those of the postoperative evaluation for 81% of the contacts. For the mediocre effects (A) and absence of efficacy, the results were only concordant in 20%. Side effects were analyzed in 103 patients for a total of 824 contacts. In 35% of the tested contacts paresthesias that were absent during surgery were observed postoperatively. This discrepancy was of 17% for the motor and of 10% for oculomotor side effects. Differences between the type of electrodes used, the stimulation parameters employed and the conditions of the assessment could explain these discrepancies.


Assuntos
Estimulação Encefálica Profunda/métodos , Monitorização Intraoperatória/métodos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Doença de Parkinson/patologia , Doença de Parkinson/terapia , Núcleo Subtalâmico/patologia , Núcleo Subtalâmico/cirurgia , Idoso , Estimulação Encefálica Profunda/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença de Parkinson/cirurgia
14.
J Pediatr ; 153(5): 616-21, 621.e1-2, 2008 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18657828

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate growth and bone mineralization in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants fed preterm formula (PF) or term formula (TF). STUDY DESIGN: In a double-blind prospective study, 49 preterm infants of gestational age 33 weeks or less were randomly fed PF or TF for 2 months after discharge, then all of the infants were fed TF for the next 2 months. Anthropometric and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry data were collected at discharge and at 2 months and 4 months after discharge. Anthropometric data also were collected at 12 months postterm. RESULTS: Four months after discharge, both body weight (6139 +/- 1254 g vs 5540 +/- 863 g; P = .03) and bone mineral content (104.4 +/- 29.2 g vs 87.5 +/- 17.1 g; P = .01) were significantly higher in the PF group compared with the TF group. At 12 months postterm, mean body weight, length, and head circumference remained higher in the PF group than in the TF group, and body mass index was similar and within the normal range in the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: At 4 months after discharge, growth and mineralization were better in the VLBW infants who were fed PF during the first 2 months after discharge compared with those who were fed TF, suggesting that PF may be particularly valuable at this early stage of development.


Assuntos
Calcificação Fisiológica , Fórmulas Infantis , Peso Corporal , Densidade Óssea , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Lactente , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Ganho de Peso
15.
Transplantation ; 77(12): 1875-9, 2004 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15223906

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to determine the influence of the venous drainage site on insulin homeostasis in simultaneous pancreas-kidney (SPK) transplant recipients. METHODS: The study included 12 SPK patients with portal venous drainage (P) and 11 SPK patients with systemic venous drainage (S) of pancreas allograft. All of the participants presented similar characteristics. The euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp was performed using a 0.4-mU/kg/min insulin infusion. An infusion of [6,6-(2)H2] glucose was used to determine glucose turnover at the basal state and during the clamp to determine liver and peripheral tissue sensitivity to insulin. RESULTS: Minor changes in glycemia and insulinemia were shown: fasting plasma glucose was significantly higher in the SPK-P group and insulinemia was higher in the SPK-S group. Hepatic glucose production was similar in both groups. During the clamp, insulin levels were higher in SPK-S recipients, but hepatic glucose production was suppressed in both groups. Glucose use was lower in SPK-S recipients than in SPK-P recipients, 3.32 +/-1.41 mg/kg/min and 4.70 +/-1.64 mg/kg/min, respectively (P<0.02). Basal and under-clamp free fatty acid levels were similar. In addition, no significant difference in cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein levels was shown, whereas high-density lipoprotein levels were higher in the SPK-S group; triglycerides during fasting and under clamp were significantly higher in the SPK-P group. CONCLUSIONS: In both groups, neither hepatic nor peripheral insulin resistance was detected. In SPK-S recipients, the authors have showed only a lower insulin clearance and a slight decreased peripheral responsiveness to insulin without modifications of lipid status.


Assuntos
Glicemia/metabolismo , Transplante de Rim/métodos , Transplante de Pâncreas/métodos , Veia Porta/cirurgia , Adulto , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/cirurgia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/cirurgia , Drenagem , Jejum , Feminino , Técnica Clamp de Glucose , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Humanos , Hiperinsulinismo/urina , Transplante de Rim/fisiologia , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transplante de Pâncreas/fisiologia , Transplante Homólogo
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