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1.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371946

RESUMO

Nutrient sensing plays important roles in promoting satiety and maintaining good homeostatic control. Taste receptors (TAS) are located through the gastrointestinal tract, and recent studies have shown they have a relationship with metabolic disorders. The aim of this study was to analyze the jejunal expression of TAS1R2, TAS1R3, TAS2R14 and TAS2R38 in women with morbid obesity, first classified according to metabolic syndrome presence (MetS; n = 24) or absence (non-MetS; n = 45) and then classified according to hepatic histology as normal liver (n = 28) or nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (n = 41). Regarding MetS, we found decreased expression of TAS2R14 in MetS patients. However, when we subclassified patients according to liver histology, we did not find differences between groups. We found negative correlations between glucose levels, triglycerides and MetS with TAS1R3 expression. Moreover, TAS2R14 jejunal expression correlated negatively with the presence of MetS and ghrelin levels and positively with the jejunal Toll-like receptor (TLR)4, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-γ, and interleukin (IL)-10 levels. Furthermore, TAS2R38 expression correlated negatively with TLR9 jejunal expression and IL-6 levels and positively with TLR4 levels. Our findings suggest that metabolic dysfunctions such as MetS trigger downregulation of the intestinal TASs. Therefore, taste receptors modulation could be a possible therapeutic target for metabolic disorders.


Assuntos
Jejuno/metabolismo , Obesidade Mórbida/genética , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/genética , Paladar , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Fígado/patologia , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Síndrome Metabólica/genética , Síndrome Metabólica/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Obesidade Mórbida/complicações , Obesidade Mórbida/metabolismo , Obesidade Mórbida/patologia , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/metabolismo
2.
Metabolites ; 11(6)2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34200577

RESUMO

Recent studies suggest a link between pro-neurotensin (pro-NT) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), but the published data are conflicting. Thus, we aimed to analyze pro-NT levels in women with morbid obesity (MO) and NAFLD to investigate if this molecule is involved in NAFLD and liver lipid metabolism. Plasma levels of pro-NT were determined in 56 subjects with MO and 18 with normal weight (NW). All patients with MO were subclassified according to their liver histology into the normal liver (NL, n = 20) and NAFLD (n = 36) groups. The NAFLD group had 17 subjects with simple steatosis (SS) and 19 with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). We used a chemiluminescence sandwich immunoassay to quantify pro-NT in plasma and RT-qPCR to evaluate the hepatic mRNA levels of several lipid metabolism-related genes. We reported that pro-NT levels were significantly higher in MO with NAFLD than in MO without NAFLD. Additionally, pro-NT levels were higher in NASH patients than in NL. The hepatic expression of lipid metabolism-related genes was found to be altered in NAFLD, as previously reported. Additionally, although pro-NT levels correlated with LDL, there was no association with the main lipid metabolism-related genes. These findings suggest that pro-NT could be related to NAFLD progression.

3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(10)2021 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34063472

RESUMO

The pathogenic mechanisms underlying nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are beginning to be understood. RUNX1 is involved in angiogenesis, which is crucial in inflammation, but its role in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) remains unclear. The aim of this study was to analyze RUNX1 mRNA hepatic and jejunal abundance in women with morbid obesity (MO) and NAFLD. RUNX1, lipid metabolism-related genes, and TLRs in women with MO and normal liver (NL, n = 28), NAFLD (n = 41) (simple steatosis (SS, n = 24), or NASH (n = 17)) were analyzed by RT-qPCR. The RUNX1 hepatic expression was higher in SS than in NL or NASH, as likewise confirmed by immunohistochemistry. An increased expression of hepatic FAS was found in NAFLD. Hepatic RUNX1 correlated positively with FAS. There were no significant differences in the jejunum RUNX1 expressions in the different groups. Jejunal FXR expression was lower in NASH than in NL, while the TLR9 expression increased as NAFLD progressed. Jejunal RUNX1 correlated positively with jejunal PPARγ, TLR4, and TLR5. In summary, the hepatic expression of RUNX1 seems to be involved in the first steps of the NAFLD process; however, in NASH, it seems to be downregulated. Our findings provide important insights into the role of RUNX1 in the context of NAFLD/NASH, suggesting a protective role.


Assuntos
Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Obesidade Mórbida/genética , Adulto , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Jejuno/fisiologia , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Fígado/patologia , Fígado/fisiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Obesidade Mórbida/patologia , RNA Mensageiro , Receptor Toll-Like 9/genética , Receptores Toll-Like/genética , Transcriptoma
4.
Life (Basel) ; 10(10)2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33081272

RESUMO

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) extends from simple steatosis (SS) to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Peripheral serotonin (5-HT) has become as an important regulator of different metabolic pathways. 5-HT has been related to obesity and lipid accumulation in the liver. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between the 5-HT signaling pathway and the degree of NAFLD, as well as to investigate whether peripheral 5-HT levels are related to the hepatic and jejunal mRNA abundance of serotonin receptors (HTR) in a cohort of women with morbid obesity (MO) and NAFLD. ELISA was used to quantify the serum 5-HT from normal-weight subjects (n = 26) and patients with MO (n = 58). We used RTq-PCR analysis to evaluate the relative expression of HTR in women with MO with normal liver (n = 22), SS (n = 21), and NASH (n = 15). The 5-HT was diminished in women with MO under a hypocaloric diet, regardless of the presence of NAFLD. Additionally, we report a negative correlation of 5-HT levels with metabolic syndrome criteria, suggesting that serotonin may have a protective role in obesity. Additionally, the hepatic expression of HTR2A and HTR2B were decreased in women with MO and NAFLD, but no significant differences in the HTR jejunal expression according to the presence of NAFLD were found.

5.
Obesity (Silver Spring) ; 28(8): 1487-1493, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32657010

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This cohort study aimed to explore the relationship between the Notch signaling pathway and the degree of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Moreover, this study intended to investigate whether this pathway is related to hepatic lipid metabolism and Toll-like receptors (TLRs). METHODS: This study used real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis to evaluate the hepatic expression level of all genes studied (Notch receptors NOTCH1, NOTCH2, NOTCH3, and NOTCH4, transcription factors HES1 and HES5, and Hes-related repressor proteins HEY1 and HEY2) in hepatic tissue from two cohorts: women with severe obesity (n = 57) and normal liver structure (n = 20) or NAFLD (n = 37). RESULTS: In women with severe obesity and NAFLD, this study found downregulation of hepatic HES5 expression. This expression correlated positively with the hepatic expression of HES1, HEY1, and NOTCH3. This study also found a positive correlation between HES5 expression and sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1c (SREBP1c) and between NOTCH3 and several genes related to hepatic lipid metabolism (encoding liver X nuclear receptor α variant 1, farnesoid X nuclear receptor, SREBP1c, acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1, fatty acid synthase, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α, carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1, carnitine O-octanoyltransferase, ATP-binding cassette subfamily A member 1, and ATP-binding cassette subfamily G member 1). Finally, this study found a positive correlation between NOTCH2 and TLR2, TLR4, and TLR9 and a positive relationship between NOTCH1 and TLR9. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, these findings suggest that hepatic expression of Notch proteins and ligands in relation to lipid metabolism pathways in the liver could have a role in NAFLD pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/fisiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Obesidade/genética , Receptores Notch/metabolismo , Animais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Obesidade/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(11)2020 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32545403

RESUMO

The progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is linked to systemic inflammation. Currently, two of the aspects that need further investigation are diagnosis and treatment of NASH. In this sense, the aim of this study was to assess the relationship between circulating levels of cytokines, hepatic expression of toll-like receptors (TLRs), and degrees of NAFLD, and to investigate whether these levels could serve as noninvasive biomarkers of NASH. The present study assessed plasma levels of cytokines in 29 normal-weight women and 82 women with morbid obesity (MO) (subclassified: normal liver (n = 29), simple steatosis (n = 32), and NASH (n = 21)). We used enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) to quantify cytokine and TLR4 levels and RTqPCR to assess TLRs hepatic expression. IL-1ß, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-α, tPAI-1, and MCP-1 levels were increased, and adiponectin levels were decreased in women with MO. IL-8 was significantly higher in MO with NASH than in NL. To sum up, high levels of IL-8 were associated with the diagnosis of NASH in a cohort of women with morbid obesity. Moreover, a positive correlation between TLR2 hepatic expression and IL-8 circulating levels was found.


Assuntos
Interleucina-8/sangue , Fígado/patologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/sangue , Obesidade Mórbida/sangue , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Adipocinas/sangue , Adulto , Cirurgia Bariátrica , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/genética , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/sangue , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo
7.
PLoS One ; 12(10): e0187065, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29065180

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of chronic liver disease in Western countries. Both iron and lipid metabolism seem to be involved in its pathogenesis. We aimed to assess the relationship between levels of hepcidin, the master iron-regulatory protein, in plasma and the presence of NAFLD in morbidly obese (MO) patients, and to investigate the association between the hepatic expression of the main iron and lipid metabolism -related genes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure plasma hepcidin levels in 49 normal-weight control women, 23 MO women with normal liver (NL) histology and 46 MO women with NAFLD. The mRNA expression of hepcidin, the main iron metabolism-related genes, and the main lipid-metabolism genes was quantified by qRT-PCR in liver biopsies from members of the MO group undergoing bariatric surgery. RESULTS: Circulating hepcidin levels were significantly greater in MO than in normal-weight control women. However, there were no significant differences between MO women with NL and those with NAFLD. PCR analysis showed increased expression of hepcidin, FPN1, TfR1 and TfR2 in the liver of MO NAFLD women compared to those with NL. Moreover, a positive association of hepatic hepcidin mRNA expression and the iron metabolism-related genes was found with some key genes involved in the lipid metabolism. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that circulating hepcidin levels are associated with obesity but not with the presence of NAFLD. However, the hepatic expression of hepcidin and the iron metabolism-related genes seem to play a role in regulating lipid metabolism pathways in liver, which has implications for NAFLD pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Hepcidinas/sangue , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Obesidade Mórbida/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Obesidade Mórbida/complicações
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