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1.
Food Chem ; 307: 125518, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644976

RESUMO

The Greek vineyard is home to many minor, indigenous grape cultivar whose diverse polyphenolic content has remained largely unexploited. The study aimed at assaying and assessing the polyphenolic content and antioxidant capacity of: (a) five obscure cultivars; (b) Six biotypes of cultivar 'Liatiko'; (c) Five prominent cultivars; and (d) three French varieties included for comparison reasons. Results revealed all samples exhibiting high polyphenol content and antioxidant capacity levels. 'Vertzami' recorded the highest concentrations in berry skins total anthocyanins, flavanols, flavonols, antioxidant capacity. 'Mandilaria' scored the highest value in seed total flavanols compared to all biotypes and cultivars. All 'Liatiko' biotypes scored the highest concentrations in seed total flavonoids and flavonols. 'Liatiko' and its biotypes exhibited different polyphenolic profiles between them. Owing to the climate change, those indigenous varieties' substantial polyphenol amounts, and the differences between biotypes, will allow viticulturists to select the varieties/biotypes most appropriate for obtaining higher quality products.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Polifenóis/química , Vitis/química , Antocianinas/análise , Mudança Climática , Flavonoides/análise , Flavonóis/análise , Frutas/química , Frutas/metabolismo , Grécia , Polifenóis/análise , Sementes/química , Sementes/metabolismo , Vitis/metabolismo
2.
J Agric Food Chem ; 65(31): 6615-6624, 2017 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28692264

RESUMO

Alterations in phenolic contents were studied in Esca symptomatic (Sym) and asymptomatic (Asym) vines of 'Cabernet Sauvignon' based on wood conditions (healthy, HLT; necrotic, Nec; and rotten, Rot) and vine parts (head, trunk, and rootstock). In Asym vines, only Alternaria alternate was identified in Nec wood, while the HLT wood of Sym vines was colonized by Botryospaeriaceae sp. and Aureobasidium pullulans, Nec wood by Fomitiporia mediterranea, and Rot wood by Fomitiporia mediterranea and Phaeomoniella chlamydospora. Esca infection caused a significant accumulation of gallic acid, total flavanols, stilbenes (STB), and total analyzed phenolics (TAP) in all studied woods, especially in Nec wood. In Asym vines, TAP in the head increased with necrosis, but in Sym it decreased, while TAP in the trunk and rootstock of Sym showed an opposite response. The significantly highest contents of procyanidins (Pcys), catechin, epicatechin, epicatechin gallates, and Pcys dimers and tetramers were measured in HLT wood in the head and in Nec wood in the trunk of Sym vines. The significant increase of STB content was not caused only by Esca infection in HLT wood but also by necrosis in Asym vines, especially of ε-viniferin glucoside, resveratrol glycosides, and astringin. The obtained results suggest that the alteration in phenolics differed not only due to Esca infection but also due to the wood conditions and vine part, which might reflect the impact of the duration of the presence of the pathogen in different parts of the vine.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos/fisiologia , Fenóis/química , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Vitis/microbiologia , Madeira/microbiologia , Caules de Planta/química , Caules de Planta/microbiologia , Vitis/química , Madeira/química
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