Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 605
Filtrar
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478334

RESUMO

AIMS: To establish the value of the SYNTAX Score-II (SS-II) in predicting long-term mortality of patients treated with left main PCI (LM-PCI) using second-generation drug-eluting stents (DES). METHODS AND RESULTS: The SYNTAX score (SS) and the SS-II were calculated in 804 patients included in the FAILS-2 registry (failure in left main study with 2nd generation stents). Patients were classified in low (SS-II ≤33; n = 278, 34.6%), intermediate (SS-II 34-43; n = 260, 32.3%) and high (SS-II ≥44; n = 266, 33.1%) SS-II tertiles. Primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. A significant difference in long-term mortality was noted (5.2 ± 3.6 years): 4.1, 7.5, and 16.7% in low, mid and high SS-II tertiles respectively (p < .001). SS-II score was more accurate in predicting mortality than SS (AUC = 0.73; 95%CI: 0.67-0.79 vs. AUC = 0.55; 95%CI: 0.48-0.63, respectively; p < .001). SS-II led to a reclassification in the risk of all-cause mortality re-allocating 73% of patients from the CABG-only indication to PCI or equipoise PCI-or-CABG indication. Using multiple Cox regression analysis, SS-II (HR: 1.07; 95%CI: 1.05-1.09; p < .001), along with Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) (HR: 1.66; 95%CI: 1.03-2.66; p = .07) and Cardiogenic shock (CS) (HR: 2.82 (95%CI: 1.41-5.64; p = .003) were independent predictors of long-term mortality. SS-II (HR: 1.05; 95%CI: 1.04-1.06; p < .001) along with Insulin dependent Type 2 DM (HR: 1.58, 95%CI: 1.09-2.30.; p < .05), ACS (HR: 1.58, 95%CI: 1.16-2.14; p < .001) and CS (HR: 2.02 95%CI 1.16-3.53; p < .05), were independent predictors of long-term MACE. CONCLUSION: The SS-II was superior to the SS in predicting outcomes associated with contemporary LM-PCI. In this real-world population, two clinical variables not included in the SS-II, ACS and T2DM, were identified as additional markers of poor outcome.

3.
Eur Heart J ; 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31504405

RESUMO

AIMS: The CLIMA study, on the relationship between coronary plaque morphology of the left anterior descending artery and twelve months clinical outcome, was designed to explore the predictive value of multiple high-risk plaque features in the same coronary lesion [minimum lumen area (MLA), fibrous cap thickness (FCT), lipid arc circumferential extension, and presence of optical coherence tomography (OCT)-defined macrophages] as detected by OCT. Composite of cardiac death and target segment myocardial infarction was the primary clinical endpoint. METHODS AND RESULTS: From January 2013 to December 2016, 1003 patients undergoing OCT evaluation of the untreated proximal left anterior descending coronary artery in the context of clinically indicated coronary angiogram were prospectively enrolled at 11 independent centres (clinicaltrial.gov identifier NCT02883088). At 1-year, the primary clinical endpoint was observed in 37 patients (3.7%). In a total of 1776 lipid plaques, presence of MLA <3.5 mm2 [hazard ratio (HR) 2.1, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.1-4.0], FCT <75 µm (HR 4.7, 95% CI 2.4-9.0), lipid arc circumferential extension >180° (HR 2.4, 95% CI 1.2-4.8), and OCT-defined macrophages (HR 2.7, 95% CI 1.2-6.1) were all associated with increased risk of the primary endpoint. The pre-specified combination of plaque features (simultaneous presence of the four OCT criteria in the same plaque) was observed in 18.9% of patients experiencing the primary endpoint and was an independent predictor of events (HR 7.54, 95% CI 3.1-18.6). CONCLUSION: The simultaneous presence of four high-risk OCT plaque features was found to be associated with a higher risk of major coronary events.

5.
Int J Cardiol ; 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301864

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impact of seasonal changes on the incidence of acute myocardial infarction has been incompletely appraised, especially in the modern era of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). We aimed to appraise the overall and season-specific impact of climate changes on the daily rate of PCCI. METHODS: Details on PPCI and climate changes were retrospectively collected in three high-volume Italian institutions with different geographical features. The association between rate of PPCI and temperature, atmospheric pressure (ATM), humidity and rainfall was appraised with Poisson models, with overall analyses and according to season of the year. RESULTS: Details on 6880 days with a total of 4132 PPCI were collected. Overall adjusted analysis showed that higher minimum atmospheric pressure 3 days before PPCI were associated with lower risk (regression coefficient = 0.999 [95% confidence interval 0.998-1.000], p = 0.030). Focusing on season, in Winter PPCI rates were increased by lower same day mean temperature (0.973 [0.956-0.990], p = 0.002) and lower rainfall (0.980 [0.960-1.000], p = 0.049). Conversely, in Spring greater changes in atmospheric pressure 3 days before PPCI were associated with increased risk (1.023 [1.002-1.045], p = 0.032), with similar effects in Summer for minimum temperature on the same day (1.022 [1.001-1.044], p = 0.040). CONCLUSIONS: Climate has a significant impact on the risk of PPCI in the current era, with a complex interplay according to season. Higher risk risk is expected with lower minimum atmospheric pressure in the preceding days, lower rainfall in Winter, greater changes in atmospheric pressure in Spring, and higher temperatures in Summer. These findings have important implications for prevention strategies.

7.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 07 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31289019

RESUMO

AIMS: Incidence, associated risk factors and impact on mortality of infections after bypass surgery (CABG) and stenting (PCI) for multivessel coronary disease (MVD) have never been reported in a large randomized trial. The aim of the present study is to evaluate, in patients with MVD, the prevalence of major infections after PCI and CABG and assess their impact on mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: The SYNTAX trial randomized 1800 MVD patients to either CABG or PCI. Patients were followed up to 5 years. The primary endpoint of this post-hoc analysis was the occurrence of major infection. At 5 years of follow-up, the primary endpoint occurred in 142 (15.8%) patients in the CABG arm and 44 (4.9%) patients in the PCI arm (≤ 60 days- HR 7.9, 95% CI 4.7 to 13.1; p<0.001) (> 60 days- HR 0.79, 95% CI 0.44 to 1.44; p=0.45). Major infections were independently associated with a higher risk of all-cause mortality at 5 years (adjusted HR 2.6, 95% CI 1.8 to 3.8, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: CABG is associated with a higher incidence of post-procedure major infections compared to PCI. Major infections are independently associated with all-cause mortality.

9.
J Nucl Cardiol ; 2019 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31152316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether estimates of myocardial perfusion reserve (MPR) stemming from new-generation cadmium-zinc-telluride (CZT) cameras are accurate remains unclear. METHODS: We queried our institutional database for patients undergoing MPR with CZT cameras. The primary goal was appraising the incremental diagnostic yield of MPR on top or at odds of maximal ischemia score (MIS). RESULTS: A total of 66 subjects were included. When distinguishing patients according to normal vs abnormal MPR (cut-off 2.1 mL/min/g) and normal vs abnormal MIS, 4 groups could be identified: 12 (18.1%) individuals with normal MPR and MIS, 12 (18.1%) with normal MPR and abnormal MIS, 16 (24.2%) with abnormal MPR and normal MIS, and 26 (39.4%) with abnormal MPR and MIS. MIS was significantly associated with several baseline features, whereas MPR did not. There was no significant association between MPR and MIS, nor with regional perfusion. Clinical outcomes were uncommon and not significantly associated with MPR or MIS, whereas angiographically significant coronary artery disease (CAD) was associated solely with MIS (P < 0.05), and not with MPR. CONCLUSIONS: There is limited agreement between CZT-derived MPR and baseline risk, perfusion and angiography results. Whether such discrepancies may still prove incrementally beneficial for the diagnosis or prognosis of CAD remains unclear.

11.
Am J Cardiol ; 124(2): 195-204, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31103132

RESUMO

We aim to compare Polymer-Free Biolimus-Eluting Stent (PF-BES) with Durable Polymer Everolimus-Eluting stent (DP-EES) in unselected patients. PF-BES showed a favorable profile in high-bleeding risk patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention. Limited data are available on PF-BES compared with second-generation durable polymer-coated drug-eluting stents in patients eligible for standard dual antiplatelet therapy. A total of 848 consecutive patients were enrolled: 306 patients were treated with PF-BES and 542 with DP-EES. Stent performance was tested in a propensity score-matched population and in a Complex Higher-Risk and Indicated Patients (CHIP) subpopulation. A per-lesion analysis on 1,204 lesions (PF-BES = 424 vs DP-EES = 780) was also performed. At a medium follow-up of 18.5 ± 5.0 months, no differences in the matched population were found in terms of major adverse cardiac events (PF-BES 9.0% vs DP-EES 4.5%; p 0.091), myocardial infarction (PF-BES 6.2% vs DP-EES 2.3%; p 0.111), stent restenosis (PF-BES 2.3% vs DP-EES 0.0%; p 0.123), definite or probable stent thrombosis (PF-BES 2.8% vs DP-EES 1.1%; p 0.448). A significant inferior rate of restenosis was observed in the DP-EES arm in the whole (PF-BES 2.3% vs DP-EES 0.6%; p 0.041) and CHIP populations (PF-BES 4.3% vs DP-EES 0.5%; p 0.023), as well as in the per-lesion analysis (DP-EES 0.4% vs PF-BES 1.7%; p 0.039). In conclusion, in a real-world cohort PF-BES performed similarly to DP-EES in terms of restenosis and stent thrombosis in the matched population. Nonetheless, in the whole and CHIP populations, as well as in the per-lesion analysis, restenosis occurrence resulted higher in the PF-BES group.

13.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(6): e010455, 2019 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30879375

RESUMO

Background Little clinical research on new-generation heat-not-burn cigarettes ( HNBC ) in comparison with electronic vaping cigarettes ( EVC ) and traditional tobacco combustion cigarettes ( TC ) has been reported. We aimed to appraise the acute effects of single use of HNBC , EVC, and TC in healthy smokers. Methods and Results This was an independent, cross-over, randomized trial in 20 TC smokers, with allocation to different cycles of HNBC , EVC , and TC . All participants used all types of products, with an intercycle washout of 1 week. End points were oxidative stress, antioxidant reserve, platelet activation, flow-mediated dilation, blood pressure, and satisfaction scores. Single use of any product led to an adverse impact on oxidative stress, antioxidant reserve, platelet function, flow-mediated dilation, and blood pressure. HNBC had less impact than EVC and TC on soluble Nox2-derived peptide (respectively, P=0.004 and 0.001), 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α- III ( P=0.004 and <0.001), and vitamin E ( P=0.018 and 0.044). HNBC and EVC were equally less impactful than TCs on flow-mediated dilation ( P=0.872 for HNBC versus EVC ), H2O2 ( P=0.522), H2O2 breakdown activity ( P=0.091), soluble CD 40 ligand ( P=0.849), and soluble P-selectin ( P=0.821). The effect of HNBC and, to a lesser extent EVC , on blood pressure was less evident than that of TC , whereas HNBC appeared more satisfying than EVC (all P<0.05). Conclusions Acute effects of HNBC , EVC, and TC are different on several oxidative stress, antioxidant reserve, platelet function, cardiovascular, and satisfaction dimensions, with TCs showing the most detrimental changes in clinically relevant features. Clinical Trial Registration URL : http://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT 03301129.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30711476

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Significant aortic stenosis can be effectively treated with transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in patients at high or intermediate surgical risk. Predilation is often performed to facilitate TAVI implantation, but its risk-benefit balance with new-generation devices is detabed. We aimed to appraise whether predilation is still needed with new-generation devices for TAVI. METHODS/MATERIALS: We queried the prospective multicenter RISPEVA (Registro Italiano GISE sull'impianto di Valvola Aortica Percutanea) Study, comparing patients with vs without predilation receiving Acurate, Evolut, Lotus, Portico, or Sapien3. Baseline, procedural features and early clinical and echocardiographic results were compared with unadjusted and adjusted analyses. RESULTS: A total of 1409 subjects were included, 1055 (74.9%) receiving predilation, and 354 (25.1%) undergoing direct TAVI. Several baseline and procedural differences were evident at unadjusted analysis between the two groups, including device success, procedural success, contrast volume, procedural time, mean post-procedural gradient, and prevalence of aortic regurgitation 2+ (all p < 0.05). Adjusted analysis showed that only procedural time remained significantly impacted by predilation (average reduction in procedural time with predilation of -12.9 [95% confidence interval -21.0; -4.8] minutes, p = 0.002). Subgroup unadjusted and adjusted analysis showed that predilation was associated with shorter procedural times only when Evolut or Portico devices were used (all p < 0.05). Clinical and echocardiographic follow-up up to 1 month showed similar results irrespective of predilation at both unadjusted and adjusted analysis. CONCLUSION: TAVI without predilation is not associated with adverse procedural, clinical or echocardiographic results when new-generation devices are used. Predilation may however reduce procedural time with Evolut and Portico devices.

16.
Curr Atheroscler Rep ; 21(2): 8, 2019 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30712240

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: High-intensity exercise may beneficially impact on insulin sensitivity. However, there is still uncertainty on the actual impact of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on chronic physiologic adaptations among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We aimed to systematically search and appraise the evidence base on the effects of HIIT in comparison to mild- or moderate-intensity interval training (MMIIT) on glycemic control inT2DM. RECENT FINDINGS: A total of 5 RCT met the inclusion criteria. Most studies presented significant differences for weight and BMI with HIIT, and with both interventions for total body fat. For the other health-related variables (systolic and diastolic BP, fasting cholesterol, LDL and HDL, triglycerides, fasting glucose, and HbAc1), only 1 study provided detailed results for HIIT, showing significant differences for systolic BP and HDL cholesterol in 2 studies, total cholesterol, LDL, and triglycerides, whereas for MIIT, only 1 study brought significant differences for LDL cholesterol. For glucose levels, significant differences were reported in 4 studies for both HIIT and MMIT, but only two studies used the percentage delta assessment tool, whereas 1 study only showed significant improvements for HIIT. The number of studies for the analysis is not precise as to the statements regarding the results of the intervention proposed for this public, since they do not allow identifying a consistency of the findings, not presenting diversity between the training methods and the different methods of volume control and intensity of training.

17.
Contemp Clin Trials ; 78: 126-132, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30739002

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Few randomized trials have evaluated the use of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) for early acute respiratory failure (ARF) in non-intensive care unit (ICU) wards. The aim of this study is to test the hypothesis that early NIV for mild-moderate ARF in non-ICU wards can prevent development of severe ARF. DESIGN: Pragmatic, parallel group, randomized, controlled, multicenter trial. SETTING: Non-intensive care wards of tertiary centers. PATIENTS: Non-ICU ward patients with mild to moderate ARF without an established indication for NIV. INTERVENTIONS: Patients will be randomized to receive or not receive NIV in addition to best available care. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: We will enroll 520 patients, 260 in each group. The primary endpoint of the study will be the development of severe ARF. Secondary endpoints will be 28-day mortality, length of hospital stay, safety of NIV in non-ICU environments, and a composite endpoint of all in-hospital respiratory complications. CONCLUSIONS: This trial will help determine whether the early use of NIV in non-ICU wards can prevent progression from mild-moderate ARF to severe ARF.

18.
Heart ; 105(14): 1096-1102, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30792237

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the long-term risk of cardiac death and sudden cardiac death (SCD) and/or sustained ventricular arrhythmias (SVAs) in patients with coronary chronic total occlusions (CTO) revascularised versus those with CTO not revascularised by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: From a cohort of 1357 CTO-PCI patients, 1162 patients who underwent CTO PCI attempt were included in this long-term analysis: 837 patients were revascularised by PCI (CTO-R group) and 325 were not revascularised (CTO-NR group). Primary adverse endpoint was the incidence of cardiac death; secondary endpoint was the cumulative incidence of SCD/SVAs. RESULTS: Up to 12-year follow-up (median 6 year), compared with CTO-R patients, those with CTO-NR had significantly higher rate of cardiac death (13%[43/325]vs6%[48/837]; p<0.001) and SCD/SVAs (7.5%[24/325]vs2.5%[20/837]; p<0.001). The risk of cardiac death and SCD/SVAs was mainly driven by the subgroup of infarct-related artery (IRA) CTO patients and was significantly higher only in IRA CTO-NR patients (18%vs7%, p<0.001, 14%vs5%, p=0.001; IRA CTO-NR vs IRA CTO-R, respectively). At multivariable Cox hazards regression analysis, CTO-NR remains one of the strongest independent predictors of higher risk of cardiac death and of SCD/SVAs in the overall population and in IRA CTO patients. CONCLUSIONS: At long-term follow-up, patients with CTO not revascularised by PCI had worse outcomes compared with those with CTO revascularised, with >2-fold risk of cardiac death and threefold risk of SCD/SVAs. The presence of an infarct-related artery (IRA CTO) not revascularised identified the category of patients with the highest rate of adverse events .

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA