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J Chem Phys ; 157(17): 174115, 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36347689


We describe a local surrogate model for use in conjunction with global structure search methods. The model follows the Gaussian approximation potential formalism and is based on the smooth overlap of atomic positions descriptor with sparsification in terms of a reduced number of local environments using mini-batch k-means. The model is implemented in the Atomistic Global Optimization X framework and used as a partial replacement of the local relaxations in basin hopping structure search. The approach is shown to be robust for a wide range of atomistic systems, including molecules, nanoparticles, surface supported clusters, and surface thin films. The benefits in a structure search context of a local surrogate model are demonstrated. This includes the ability to benefit from transfer learning from smaller systems as well as the possibility to perform concurrent multi-stoichiometry searches.

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 61(25): e202204244, 2022 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35384213


Determination of the atomic structure of solid surfaces typically depends on comparison of measured properties with simulations based on hypothesized structural models. For simple structures, the models may be guessed, but for more complex structures there is a need for reliable theory-based search algorithms. So far, such methods have been limited by the combinatorial complexity and computational expense of sufficiently accurate energy estimation for surfaces. However, the introduction of machine learning methods has the potential to change this radically. Here, we demonstrate how an evolutionary algorithm, utilizing machine learning for accelerated energy estimation and diverse population generation, can be used to solve an unknown surface structure-the (4×4) surface oxide on Pt3 Sn(111)-based on limited experimental input. The algorithm is efficient and robust, and should be broadly applicable in surface studies, where it can replace manual, intuition based model generation.