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1.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg ; 30(2): 229-235, 2020 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713609

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to analyse the initial results of the first 50 transapical transcatheter mitral valve-in-valve procedures performed in a single Latin American centre. METHODS: A prospective, single centre, database analysis was conducted to evaluate immediate, 30-day and 1-year postoperative results of 50 consecutive patients who had a transcatheter mitral valve-in-valve procedure from May 2015 to June 2018. All patients were operated on in a hybrid operating room and received a balloon-expandable valve via the transapical approach. Preoperative and postoperative characteristics were analysed and compared between the first 25 and the second 25 patients to evaluate the impact of the learning curve. Twenty patients had a follow-up examination at 1 year. RESULTS: There was a 98% device success rate. The patients had a mean age of 64.8 years; 72% were women; 80% were in New York Heart Association functional class ≥III preoperatively; and 36% of the procedures were urgent. The mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons scores and EuroSCORE II were 8.3% and 12.4%, respectively. Patients had a median of 2 previous operations; valve durability was 12.1 years; and 64% mitral valve disease of rheumatic fever aetiology. Echocardiography showed decreases in the maximum and mean mitral gradients from 23.5 to 14.6 and 11.5 to 6.4 mmHg postoperatively; the overall mean hospitalization period was 15 days. The overall mortality rate at 30 days was 14%, with 1 intraprocedural death. Further subanalyses between the first and the second half of the cases showed a drop in the mortality rate from 20% to 8% (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The transcatheter mitral valve-in-valve procedure was shown to be a safe and effective procedure to treat bioprosthetic dysfunction, with potential benefits in patients with rheumatic disease.


Assuntos
Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Humanos , América Latina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
J Heart Valve Dis ; 24(6): 780-784, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27997787

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The study aim was to review the authors' experience with the surgical thrombectomy of mechanical valve thrombosis at the Heart Institute of the Medical School of São Paulo University, Brazil. METHODS: Between January 1993 and March 2014, a total of 21 patients (16 females, five males; mean age 48.2 years) with mechanical valve thrombosis was treated surgically. Of these patients, 70% were in NYHA class IV, including two in cardiogenic shock; 71% of the patients had inadequate anticoagulation levels. The median period between the initial valve replacement and valve thrombosis was 105 months. Thrombosis occurred in the mitral position in 12 patients (57%) and in the aortic position in nine (43%). Clinical and surgical data were collected from hospital records. RESULTS: The major surgical finding was thrombus (57.1%), and pannus formation was found in 42.9% of patients. The mean cardiopulmonary bypass time was 90 min, and aortic cross-clamp time 63 min. Operative complications occurred in three patients (14%): two patients required revisions for bleeding and one patient needed ventricular assistance and hemodialysis. The operative mortality rate was 19% (n = 4). Two of these deaths occurred in patients who had been transferred to the operating room with cardiopulmonary resuscitation, one death was due to prolonged mechanical ventilator support and sepsis, and one was due to cardiac tamponade. The 11-year actuarial survival rate was 69.3 ± 12.9%, and the actuarial rate freedom from reintervention was 85.7 ± 13.2% during an 11-year follow up period. CONCLUSIONS: Early surgical intervention is a safe and effective treatment in patients with mechanical valve thrombosis.

3.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 36(2): 383-91; discussion 391-2, 2009 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19324571

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Fast-track rehabilitation is a group of simple measures that reduces morbidity, postoperative complication and accelerates postoperative rehabilitation reducing hospital stay. It can be applied to lung cancer lobectomy. Fast-track rehabilitation cornerstones are: minimally invasive surgical techniques using video-assisted and muscle sparring incisions, normovolemia, normothermia, good oxygenation, euglicemia, no unnecessary antibiotics, epidural patient-controlled analgesia, systemic opiods-free analgesia, early ambulation and oral feeding. Our objective is to describe a five-year experience with fast-track rehabilitation for lung cancer lobectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective non-controlled study including 109 consecutive patients submitted to fast-track rehabilitation in the postoperative care of lung cancer lobectomy was performed. Only collaborative patients who could receive double-lumen intubation, epidural catheters with patient-controlled analgesia, who had Karnofsky index of 100, previous normal feeding and ambulation, absence of morbid obesity, diabetes or asthma, were eligible. Postoperative oral feeding and aggressive ambulation started as soon as possible. RESULTS: Immediate postoperative extubation even in the operation room was possible in 107 patients and oral feeding and ambulation were possible before the first hour in 101 patients. Six patients could not receive early oral feeding or ambulate due to hypnosis secondary to preoperative long effect benzodiazepines. Two patients could not ambulate immediately due to epidural catheter misplacement with important postoperative pain. Ninety-nine discharges occurred at the second postoperative day, four of them with a chest tube connected to a Heimlich valve due to air leak. No complication of early feeding and ambulation was observed. Postoperative hypnosis due to long duration benzodiazepines or pain does not allow early oral feeding or ambulation. Avoiding long duration preoperative benzodiazepines, immediate postoperative extubation, regional thoracic PCA and early oral feeding and ambulation were related to a lesser frequency of complication and a shorter hospital stay. CONCLUSION: Fast-track rehabilitation for lung cancer lobectomies can be safely performed in a selected group of patients if a motivated multidisciplinary group of professionals is available and seems to reduce postoperative complication and hospital stay.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Pneumonectomia/reabilitação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Analgesia Epidural , Sedação Consciente , Deambulação Precoce , Nutrição Enteral/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/reabilitação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/reabilitação , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Assistência Perioperatória/métodos , Pneumonectomia/efeitos adversos , Pneumonectomia/métodos , Náusea e Vômito Pós-Operatórios/prevenção & controle , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/reabilitação
4.
J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A ; 16(6): 598-603, 2006 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17243877

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Different techniques of video-assisted thoracic sympathectomy have been suggested to control the symptoms of axillary hyperhidrosis. We compared the results using two different levels of ganglion resection for treating axillary hyperhidrosis: T3/T4 vs. T4. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From a group of 1119 patients operated on between July 2000 and January 2005, 276 patients with axillary hyperhidrosis were studied. The mean age was 26 (range, 13-54 years) and 61.6% were female. Of these patients, 216 (78.3%) were treated with thermal ablation of T3/T4 and 60 (21.7%) with thermal ablation of T4 alone. The procedures were bilateral and simultaneous, using two 5.5-mm trocars and 30-degree optical systems, under general anesthesia in all cases. RESULTS: There was no mortality and no important postoperative complications or need to convert to thoracotomy in either group. The mean follow-up in the T4 group was 11 months (range, 2-23 months) and in the T3/T4 group mean follow-up was 24 months (range, 13-54 months). The immediate therapeutic success rate was 100% in both groups. There were recurrences in 7 (2.5%) patients, all from the T3/T4 group. The satisfaction rate was higher and more stable in the T4 group and compensatory sweating was lower in the T4 group. CONCLUSION: Both techniques proved effective for controlling the axillary symptoms. Group T4 presented a higher satisfaction rate, lower recurrence rate, and lower severity of compensatory sweating.


Assuntos
Hiperidrose/cirurgia , Simpatectomia/métodos , Nervos Torácicos/cirurgia , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Adolescente , Adulto , Axila , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
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