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1.
Trends Neurosci Educ ; 23: 100155, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34006362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The current COVID-19 pandemic and proliferation of misinformation regarding science highlights the importance of improving general science literacy. The continued preponderance of neuromyths among educators is of concern, especially in lower- and middle-income countries. METHOD: Using an adapted questionnaire, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among teachers in a small island developing state in the Caribbean. RESULTS: Two-thirds of the sample were unable to recognise at least 50% of the myths. Regression analysis demonstrated that higher scores in brain knowledge and exposure to prior teacher-training increased belief in neuromyths. On the other hand, specific in-service training pertaining to educational neuroscience improved scores. CONCLUSION: Neuromyths are prevalent among teachers and appear to inform their teaching practice. Further research needs to be conducted to explore not just the prevalence of these myths but in what ways they may be impacting teaching and learning outcomes in the classroom.


Assuntos
Neurociência Cognitiva , Competência Profissional , Professores Escolares , COVID-19 , Comunicação , Estudos Transversais , Países em Desenvolvimento , Feminino , Humanos , Capacitação em Serviço , Masculino , Mitologia , Neurociências , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários , Capacitação de Professores , Trinidad e Tobago
2.
Psychoneuroendocrinology ; 96: 126-131, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29940425

RESUMO

Acute stress affects human decision making. It has been argued that there are systematic sex differences in behavioral responses to acute stress, with males showing a 'fight or flight' and females showing a 'tend and befriend' response. A 'tend and befriend' response would suggest that women become more cooperative under acute stress, while men do not. We investigated the effects of acute stress on social behavior. We induced stress via the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) and then immediately after measured how participants reacted to offers made in the ultimatum game by a male proposer. We found that female participants were less likely to reject offers under stress (n = 25) vs. no stress (n = 37), p = 0.009, independent of how fair these offers were, cooperative behavior consistent with the 'tend and befriend' hypothesis. Male participants when stressed (n = 30) did not show differences in rejections rates compared to the control condition (n = 26), p = 0.41. Our results provide support for a qualitatively different behavioral response to acute stress among men and women.


Assuntos
Comportamento de Escolha/fisiologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adulto , Tomada de Decisões/fisiologia , Feminino , Jogos Experimentais , Humanos , Hidrocortisona/análise , Masculino , Saliva/química , Fatores Sexuais , Comportamento Social , Adulto Jovem
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