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1.
Reprod Sci ; 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34611849

RESUMO

There are few data on complications with gender affirming surgery. The aim of this study was to assess peri- and postoperative complications of laparoscopic hysterectomy and mastectomy performed in a single sitting in transgender men. Assessment of intra- and postoperative complications in a series of 65 transgender men (mean age 27, range 18-47) undergoing concomitant mastectomy and laparoscopic hysterectomy with salpingo-oophorectomy. Mean operating time was 292 ± 47 min. Thirty-four (52%) patients experienced complications: 28 (41%) DINDO grade I, 0 DINDO grade 2, 6 (11%) DINDO grade III. The six grade 3 complications consisted of 5 hematomas requiring evacuation after mastectomy and 2 vaginal tears requiring transvaginal repair. Three patients were readmitted within 30 days, all for postoperative bleeding/hematoma. In transgender men, performing laparoscopic hysterectomy and mastectomy at a single sitting has a modest rate of perioperative complications, and may improve resource utilization.

2.
BMJ Open ; 11(9): e045239, 2021 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475143

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The emphasis on aesthetic outcomes and quality of life (QoL) has motivated surgeons to develop skin-sparing or nipple-sparing mastectomy (SSM/ NSM) for breast cancer treatment or prevention. During the same operation, a so-called immediate breast reconstruction is performed. The breast can be reconstructed by positioning of a breast implant above (prepectoral) or below (subpectoral) the pectoralis major muscle or by using the patients' own tissue (autologous reconstruction). The optimal positioning of the implant prepectoral or subpectoral is currently not clear. Subpectoral implant-based breast reconstruction (IBBR) is still standard care in many countries, but prepectoral IBBR is increasingly performed. This heterogeneity in breast reconstruction practice is calling for randomised clinical trials (RCTs) to guide treatment decisions. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: International, pragmatic, multicentre, randomised, superiority trial. The primary objective of this trial is to test whether prepectoral IBBR provides better QoL with respect to long-term (24 months) physical well-being (chest) compared with subpectoral IBBR for patients undergoing SSM or NSM for prevention or treatment of breast cancer. Secondary objectives will compare prepectoral versus subpectoral IBBR in terms of safety, QoL and patient satisfaction, aesthetic outcomes and burden on patients. Total number of patients to be included: 372 (186 per arm). ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study will be conducted in compliance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Ethical approval has been obtained for the lead investigator's site by the Ethics Committee 'Ethikkommission Nordwest- und Zentralschweiz' (2020-00256, 26 March 2020). The results of this study will be published in a peer-reviewed medical journal, independent of the results, following the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials standards for RCTs and good publication practice. Metadata describing the type, size and content of the datasets will be shared along with the study protocol and case report forms on public repositories adhering to the FAIR (Findability, Accessibility, Interoperability, and Reuse) principles. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04293146.


Assuntos
Implante Mamário , Implantes de Mama , Neoplasias da Mama , Mamoplastia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia , Mamilos/cirurgia
3.
Breast ; 60: 98-110, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34555676

RESUMO

AIM: We developed tailored axillary surgery (TAS) to reduce the axillary tumor volume in patients with clinically node-positive breast cancer to the point where radiotherapy can control it. The aim of this study was to quantify the extent of tumor load reduction achieved by TAS. METHODS: International multicenter prospective study embedded in a randomized trial. TAS is a novel pragmatic concept for axillary surgery de-escalation that combines palpation-guided removal of suspicious nodes with the sentinel procedure and, optionally, imaging-guided localization. Pre-specified study endpoints quantified surgical extent and reduction of tumor load. RESULTS: A total of 296 patients were included at 28 sites in four European countries, 125 (42.2%) of whom underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) and 71 (24.0%) achieved nodal pathologic complete response. Axillary metastases were detectable only by imaging in 145 (49.0%) patients. They were palpable in 151 (51.0%) patients, of whom 63 underwent NACT and 21 had residual palpable disease after NACT. TAS removed the biopsied and clipped node in 279 (94.3%) patients. In 225 patients with nodal disease at the time of surgery, TAS removed a median of five (IQR 3-7) nodes, two (IQR 1-4) of which were positive. Of these 225 patients, 100 underwent ALND after TAS, which removed a median of 14 (IQR 10-17) additional nodes and revealed additional positive nodes in 70/100 (70%) of patients. False-negative rate of TAS in patients who underwent subsequent ALND was 2.6%. CONCLUSIONS: TAS selectively reduced the tumor load in the axilla and remained much less radical than ALND.

4.
Breast ; 59: 327-338, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34390999

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Premenopausal women with early hormone-receptor positive (HR+) breast cancer receive 5-10 years of adjuvant endocrine therapy (ET) during which pregnancy is contraindicated and fertility may wane. The POSITIVE study investigates the impact of temporary ET interruption to allow pregnancy. METHODS: POSITIVE enrolled women with stage I-III HR + early breast cancer, ≤42 years, who had received 18-30 months of adjuvant ET and wished to interrupt ET for pregnancy. Treatment interruption for up to 2 years was permitted to allow pregnancy, delivery and breastfeeding, followed by ET resumption to complete the planned duration. FINDINGS: From 12/2014 to 12/2019, 518 women were enrolled at 116 institutions/20 countries/4 continents. At enrolment, the median age was 37 years and 74.9 % were nulliparous. Fertility preservation was used by 51.5 % of women. 93.2 % of patients had stage I/II disease, 66.0 % were node-negative, 54.7 % had breast conserving surgery, 61.9 % had received neo/adjuvant chemotherapy. Tamoxifen alone was the most prescribed ET (41.8 %), followed by tamoxifen + ovarian function suppression (OFS) (35.4 %). A greater proportion of North American women were <35 years at enrolment (42.7 %), had mastectomy (59.0 %) and received tamoxifen alone (59.8 %). More Asian women were nulliparous (81.0 %), had node-negative disease (76.2%) and received tamoxifen + OFS (56.0 %). More European women had received chemotherapy (69.3 %). INTERPRETATION: The characteristics of participants in the POSITIVE study provide insights to which patients and doctors considered it acceptable to interrupt ET to pursue pregnancy. Similarities and variations from a regional, sociodemographic, disease and treatment standpoint suggest specific sociocultural attitudes across the world.

5.
Eur J Cancer ; 154: 235-245, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34298374

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Group developed a questionnaire to assess sexual health in patients with cancer and cancer survivors. This study evaluates the psychometric properties of the questionnaire. METHODS: The 22-item EORTC sexual health questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-SH22) was administered with the EORTC QLQ-C30 to 444 patients with cancer. The hypothesised scale structure, reliability and validity were evaluated through standardised psychometric procedures. RESULTS: The cross-cultural field study showed that the majority of patients (94.7%) were able to complete the QLQ-SH22 in less than 20 min; 89% of the study participants did not need any help to fill in the questionnaire. Multi-item multi-trait scaling analysis confirmed the hypothesised scale structure with two multi-item scales (sexual satisfaction, sexual pain) and 11 single items (including five conditional items and four gender-specific items). The internal consistency yielded acceptable Cronbach's alpha coefficients (.90 for the sexual satisfaction scale, .80 for the sexual pain scale). The test-retest correlations (Pearson's r) ranged from .70 to .93 except for the scale communication with professionals (.67) and male body image (.69). The QLQ-SH22 discriminates well between subgroups of patients differing in terms of their performance and treatment status. CONCLUSION: The study supports the reliability, the content and construct validity of the QLQ-SH22. The newly developed questionnaire is clinically applicable to assess sexual health of patients with cancer at different treatment stages and during survivorship for clinical trials and for clinical practice.

6.
N Engl J Med ; 385(5): 395-405, 2021 07 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34320285

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer, the most effective duration for adjuvant therapy with an aromatase inhibitor remains unclear. METHODS: In this prospective, phase 3 trial, we randomly assigned postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer who had received 5 years of adjuvant endocrine therapy to receive the aromatase inhibitor anastrozole for an additional 2 years (2-year group, receiving a total of 7 years) or an additional 5 years (5-year group, receiving a total of 10 years). The primary end point was disease-free survival. The primary analysis included all the patients who were still participating in the trial and who had no recurrence 2 years after randomization (i.e., when treatment in the 2-year group had ended). Secondary end points were overall survival, contralateral breast cancer, second primary cancer, and clinical bone fracture. RESULTS: Among the 3484 women who were enrolled in the trial, 3208 remained in the trial without disease progression after the first 2 years of extended anastrozole treatment following randomization. Among these women, disease progression or death occurred in 335 women in each treatment group in the primary-analysis set at 8 years (hazard ratio, 0.99; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.85 to 1.15; P = 0.90). No between-group differences occurred in most secondary end points, and subgroup analyses did not indicate differences in any particular subgroup. The risk of clinical bone fracture was higher in the 5-year group than in the 2-year group (hazard ratio, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.00 to 1.84). CONCLUSIONS: In postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer who had received 5 years of adjuvant endocrine therapy, extending hormone therapy by 5 years provided no benefit over a 2-year extension but was associated with a greater risk of bone fracture. (Funded by AstraZeneca and the Austrian Breast and Colorectal Cancer Study Group; ABCSG-16/SALSA ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00295620.).


Assuntos
Anastrozol/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Aromatase/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Administração Oral , Idoso , Anastrozol/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Aromatase/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Fraturas Ósseas/etiologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pós-Menopausa , Estudos Prospectivos , Receptores de Estrogênio , Receptores de Progesterona , Tamoxifeno/uso terapêutico
7.
Eur J Cancer Prev ; 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33899749

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diagnostic delay of breast cancer related to the false-negative assessment of the healthcare provider leads to tumor progression and might worsen the outcome. Previous studies found some factors associated with provider-related diagnostic delay; however, tumor biology has tended not to be considered. The aim of our study was to find differences in diagnostic delay of poorly differentiated breast cancer types. METHODS: Data of 970 patients with newly diagnosed moderately/poorly differentiated (G2/3) breast cancer at the age ≥40 years was retrospectively analyzed regarding breast cancer type, diagnostic delay and its consequence, clinical factors and physician's assessment. Multivariate analysis was used to evaluate associated factors with diagnostic delay. RESULTS: We observed a diagnostic delay in 3.8% (n = 37) of all patients. Mean delay time was 128 days, and clinically relevant tumor growth was observed in 43.2% of these cases. Delay was significantly higher in the group of triple-negative breast cancer (9.9% versus 2.7, 5.3 and 1.8% in hormonal receptor (HR)+/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-, HR-/Her2+ and HR+/Her2+, respectively; P value <0.001). Age, breast density and reason for presentation were not correlated to diagnostic delay. CONCLUSION: Patients with triple-negative breast cancer are at higher risk of receiving a false-negative assessment and experiencing a diagnostic delay. Our results emphasize the importance of a detailed consideration of clinical risk factors and provider training and suggest a broad indication for a core needle biopsy.

8.
Br J Cancer ; 124(11): 1795-1802, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33762716

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preoperative chemotherapy containing anthracyclines and taxanes is well established in early-stage breast cancer. Previous studies have suggested that the chemotherapy sequence may matter but definitive evidence is missing. ABCSG trial 34 evaluated the activity of the MUC1 vaccine tecemotide when added to neoadjuvant treatment; the study provided the opportunity for the second randomisation to compare two different anthracycline/taxane sequences. METHODS: HER2-negative early-stage breast cancer patients were recruited to this randomised multicentre Phase 2 study. Patients in the chemotherapy cohort (n = 311) were additionally randomised to a conventional or reversed sequence of epirubicin/cyclophosphamide and docetaxel. Residual cancer burden (RCB) with/without tecemotide was defined as primary study endpoint; RCB in the two chemotherapy groups was a key secondary endpoint. RESULTS: No significant differences in terms of RCB 0/I (40.1% vs. 37.2%; P = 0.61) or pathologic complete response (pCR) rates (24.3% vs. 25%, P = 0.89) were observed between conventional or reverse chemotherapy sequence. No new safety signals were reported, and upfront docetaxel did not result in decreased rates of treatment delay or discontinuation. CONCLUSION: Upfront docetaxel did not improve chemotherapy activity or tolerability; these results suggest that upfront neoadjuvant treatment with anthracyclines remains a valid option.

9.
J Minim Invasive Gynecol ; 28(4): 909-912, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33144240

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Sacrocolpopexy (SCP) has become the standard procedure to correct uterovaginal prolapse in women, but techniques and approaches are not standardized. We report the results of the Austrian Sacrocolpopexy Registry, which aimed to collect data on surgical techniques and perioperative outcomes. DESIGN: The Austrian Urogynecology Working Group initiated a registry to assess surgical variability and perioperative safety of SCP. The study was performed at 14 centers (13 in Austria,1 in Switzerland). Institutional review board approvals were obtained. PATIENTS: Consecutive patients with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse (POP). INTERVENTIONS: SCP in the course of routine POP treatment. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Preoperative assessment included demographic data, clinical data on bladder, and bowel functions and POP-Q status. Surgical data included surgical approach (open, laparoscopic, robotic), type of mesh, depth of dissection, nerve sparing techniques, suture materials, uterus or cervix-sparing techniques, peritoneal closure, and concomitant surgeries. A total of 401 patients were recruited into the study. The mean age was 57 years (range: 26-84) and mean body mass index was 34. A total of 137 (34%) patients had undergone previous surgery for prolapse and in 264 cases SCP was the primary procedure. A total of 170 (42%) patients had undergone previous hysterectomy; For patients with uterus, SCP was performed with subtotal (n = 148) or total (n = 3) hysterectomy. A total of 285 (71%) SCPs were done laparoscopically, 102 (25%) robotically and 10 (3%) per laparotomy. The conversion rate from laparoscopy to abdominal surgery was 4.5%. Various meshes and suture materials were used and fixation techniques also varied widely. Four patients underwent reoperation within 30 days (2 trocar herniations, and 1 bowel obstruction, 1 compartment syndrome). One patient died of aortic dissection 7 days after SCP. CONCLUSIONS: Most SCPs in this registry were performed laparoscopically, but there was considerable variation in surgical techniques. Perioperative morbidity appears modest.

10.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 18(1): 128, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32907583

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nanoparticles, which are exposed to biological fluids are rapidly interacting with proteins and other biomolecules forming a corona. In addition to dimension, charge and material the distinct protein corona influences the interplay of nanoparticles with tissue barriers. In this study we were focused on the impact of in situ formed human plasma protein corona on the transfer of 80 nm polystyrene nanoparticles (PS-particles) across the human placenta. To study materno-to fetal PS transfer we used the human ex vivo placental perfusion approach, which represents an intact and physiological tissue barrier. To analyze the protein corona of PS particles we performed shotgun proteomics of isolated nanoparticles before and after tissue exposure. RESULTS: Human plasma incubated with PS-particles of 80 nm and subsequent formed protein corona enhanced the transfer across the human placenta compared to PS-corona formed by bovine serum albumin and dextran which served as a control. Quantitative and qualitative changes of plasma proteins determined the changes in PS transfer across the barrier. Based on the analysis of the PS-proteome two candidate proteins, namely human albumin and immunoglobulin G were tested if these proteins may account for the enhanced PS-transfer across the placenta. Interestingly, the protein corona formed by human albumin significantly induced the transfer of PS-particles across the tissue compared to the formed IgG-corona. CONCLUSION: In total we demonstrate the PS corona dynamically and significantly evolves upon crossing the human placenta. Thus, the initial composition of PS particles in the maternal circulation is not predictive for their transfer characteristics and performance once beyond the barrier of the placenta. The precise mechanism of these effects remains to be elucidated but highlights the importance of using well designed biological models when testing nanoparticles for biomedical applications.

11.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1252: 165-174, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32816278

RESUMO

Safety of pregnancy occurring after breast cancer treatment has been studied largely, but it is still debatable. These studies have generally showed that overall and disease-free survival in breast cancer survivors with subsequent pregnancy is not less than those without future pregnancy . Also, breast cancer survivors treated with chemotherapy , radiation therapy, or both had no increased risk of congenital anomalies, single gene disorders, or chromosomal syndromes in their offspring. However, it appears that the incidence of preterm labor, low birth weight, and fetal anomalies is higher in these cases.These issues as well as safe time interval from breast cancer treatment to pregnancy , safe contraceptive method after breast cancer, counseling about pregnancy in survivors, and how to follow up the patient for breast cancer recurrence during pregnancy are discussed in this chapter.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Sobreviventes de Câncer , Gravidez/fisiologia , Aconselhamento , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Resultado da Gravidez
12.
Anticancer Res ; 40(4): 2125-2131, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234905

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) can be divided into subtypes of basal-like (BL), mesenchymal-like (ML), luminal androgen receptor (LAR), and immunomodulatory (IM). The aim of our study was to assess whether there are distinct radiologic features within the different TNBC subtypes and whether this has potential clinical impact. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Imaging pictures of 135 patients with TNBC were re-evaluated. TNBC subtyping was performed on asservated tumor tissue using a panel of antibodies. RESULTS: Mammographic margins of LAR-TNBC were more often spiculated (24.3% versus 0-4.1%). BL-TNBC presented more frequent a mass without calcification in mammogram than other subtypes (71.4% versus 48.6-57.9%). In ultrasound, ML and LAR were described more often with smooth borders. CONCLUSION: The histopathological subtype of TNBC influences its presentation in ultrasound and mammogram. This can reflect a different growth pattern of the subtypes and may have an impact on the early diagnosis of TNBC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Mamografia/métodos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Proliferação de Células/genética , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptores Androgênicos/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/classificação , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia
13.
Breast Care (Basel) ; 15(1): 55-59, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32231498

RESUMO

Background: Sentinel lymph node biopsy has become a standard of care in the treatment of patients with early breast cancer, but clinical guidelines continue to be vague on details of the procedure. We were interested in the results of our 2-day protocol, which includes delayed lymphoscintigraphy at 18 h. Methods: We reviewed the results of preoperative lymphoscintigrams in patients undergoing surgery for breast cancer. Lymphoscintigraphy was performed 2 h after periareolar injection of 4 × 37 MBq 99mTc nanocolloid (early lymphoscintigraphy) and 18 h following injection (delayed lymphoscintigraphy). The early results were compared with the late results. Results: A total of 238 lymphoscintigraphies were performed in 232 patients (6 bilateral). At 2 h, ≥1 sentinel nodes were visualized in 154/238 (65%) cases; in 84 (35%), no sentinel node was visualized. Delayed lymphoscintigraphy visualized a sentinel node in 40 of 76 (53%) cases with no visualization at 2 h and failed to show a sentinel node in 36 (47%) of these cases (in 8 cases, no delayed lymphoscintigram was obtained). Conclusions: Delayed lymphoscintigraphy was useful in about 50% of the breast cancer patients in whom immediate scintigraphy failed to demonstrate a sentinel lymph node.

14.
Eur J Cancer ; 132: 43-52, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32325419

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immune-based strategies represent a promising approach in breast cancer (BC) treatment. The glycoprotein mucin-1 (MUC-1) is overexpressed in more than 90% of BC patients, and is targeted by the cancer vaccine tecemotide. We have investigated the efficacy and safety of tecemotide when added to neoadjuvant standard-of-care (SoC) treatment in early BC patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 400 patients with HER2-early BC were recruited into this prospective, multicentre, randomised 2-arm academic phase II trial. Patients received preoperative SoC treatment (chemotherapy or endocrine therapy) with or without tecemotide. Postmenopausal women with oestrogen receptor (ER)+++, or ER++ and Ki67 < 14%, and G1,2 tumours ('luminal A' tumours) received 6 months of letrozole. Postmenopausal patients with triple-negative, ER-/+/++ and Ki67 ≥ 14%, and with G3 tumours, as well as premenopausal patients, received four cycles of epirubicin/cyclophosphamide plus four cycles of docetaxel. Primary end-point was residual cancer burden (RCB; 0/I versus II/III) at surgery. Secondary end-points included pathological complete response (pCR), safety, and quality of life. FINDINGS: We observed no significant difference in RCB 0/I rates between patients with (36.4%) and without (31.9%) tecemotide in the overall study population (p = 0.40) nor in endocrine and chemotherapy-treated subgroups (25.0% versus 13.3%, p = 0.17; 39.6% versus 37.8%, p = 0.75, respectively). The addition of tecemotide did not affect overall pCR rates (22.5% versus 17.4%, p = 0.23), MUC-1 expression, or tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes content. Tecemotide did not increase toxicity when compared to SoC therapy alone. INTERPRETATION: Neoadjuvant tecemotide is safe, but does not improve RCB or pCR rates in patients receiving standard neoadjuvant therapy.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Vacinas Anticâncer/uso terapêutico , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Segurança do Paciente , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo
15.
Eur J Cancer ; 127: 12-20, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31962198

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate long-term results of patients with hormonal receptor-positive breast cancer treated with breast-conserving surgery (BCS) and consecutive endocrine therapy (ET) with or without whole breast irradiation (WBI). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Within the 8 A trial of the Austrian Breast and Colorectal Cancer Study Group, a total of 869 patients received ET after BCS which was randomly followed by WBI (n = 439, group 1) or observation (n = 430, group 2). WBI was applied up to a mean total dosage of 50 Gy (+/- 10 Gy boost) in conventional fractionation. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 9.89 years, 10 in-breast recurrences (IBRs) were observed in group 1 and 31 in group 2, resulting in a 10-year local recurrence-free survival (LRFS) of 97.5% and 92.4%, respectively (p = 0.004). This translated into significantly higher rates for disease-free survival (DFS): 94.5% group 1 vs 88.4% group 2, p = 0.0156. For distant metastases-free survival (DMFS) and overall survival (OS), respective 10-year rates amounted 96.7% and 86.6% for group 1 versus 96.4% and 87.6%, for group 2 (ns). WBI (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.27, p < 0.01) and tumour grading (HR: 3.76, p = 0.03) were found as significant predictors for IBR in multiple cox regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: After a median follow-up of 10 years, WBI resulted in a better local control and DFS compared with ET alone. The omission of WBI and tumour grading, respectively, were the only negative predictors for LRFS.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Braquiterapia/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Mastectomia Segmentar/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/radioterapia , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
16.
Eur J Cancer ; 125: 69-82, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838407

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Considering the worldwide incidence of breast cancer (BC) and the importance of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) assessment, there is a growing need to have accurate and up-to-date reference values (RVs). RVs are useful for the design of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and as benchmarks for comparison of cancer RCTs and health care interventions. This study aimed to provide RVs for the QLQ-C30 in early BC (EBC) and metastatic BC (MBC). General patterns of main results from the EORTC dataset (main dataset) were compared with the PDS dataset (comparison dataset) to see whether they would be consistent across pre-defined covariates. METHODS: European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) (main dataset) and Project Data Sphere (PDS) (comparison dataset) were searched to identify BC RCTs where baseline HRQoL (before treatment) was assessed with the QLQ-C30. RVs were calculated and stratified by disease stage, age, and when available, performance status (PS), comorbidity and region. RVs were reported using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: Data from three EORTC (n = 4115) and three PDS RCTs (n = 1406) were included in the analysis. While EBC patients presented better HRQoL with high baseline functioning scores and low prevalence of symptoms, MBC patients reported worse HRQoL with lower functioning scores and more prevalence of symptoms. In MBC, poor PS and presence of comorbidities reflected worse baseline HRQoL. No consistent differences were found for age and countries. CONCLUSION: These up-to-date RVs for the EORTC QLQ-C30 in BC show differences in HRQoL scores between stages, PS, and comorbidities. These findings, supported by an independent dataset, will help the clinical interpretation of scores for BCpatients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Psicometria/métodos , Valores de Referência , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto Jovem
17.
Ann Surg ; 269(6): 1163-1169, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31082916

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Conflicting evidence exists regarding the value of surgical resection of the primary in stage IV breast cancer patients. OBJECTIVE: The prospective randomized phase III ABCSG-28 POSYTIVE trial evaluated median survival comparing primary surgery followed by systemic therapy to primary systemic therapy in de novo stage IV breast cancer. METHODS: Between 2011 and 2015, 90 previously untreated stage IV breast cancer patients were randomly assigned to surgical resection of the primary tumor followed by systemic therapy (Arm A) or primary systemic therapy (Arm B) in Austria. Overall survival (OS) was defined as the primary study endpoint. RESULTS: The trial was stopped early due to poor recruitment. Ninety patients (45 arm A, 45 arm B) were included; median follow-up was 37.5 months. Patients in the surgery arm had more cT3 breast cancer (22.2% vs 6.7%) and more cN2 staging (15.6% vs 4.4%). Both groups were well balanced with respect to the type of first-line systemic treatment. Median survival in arm A was 34.6 months, versus 54.8 months in the nonsurgery arm [hazard ratio (HR) 0.691, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.358-1.333; P = 0.267]; time to distant progression was 13.9 months in the surgery arm and 29.0 months in the nonsurgery arm (HR 0.598, 95% CI 0.343-1.043; P = 0.0668). CONCLUSION: The prospective phase III trial ABCSG-28 (POSYTIVE) could not demonstrate an OS benefit for surgical resection of the primary in breast cancer patients presenting with de novo stage IV disease.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Mastectomia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Áustria , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Wien Med Wochenschr ; 169(13-14): 350-353, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31041627

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer-to-cancer metastasis is very rare with less than 50 cases described in literature. This article reports a case of breast cancer with synchronous metastasis to clear cell renal cell cancer. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 79-year-old woman was diagnosed with a bilateral breast carcinoma. Sonographic staging investigation of the abdomen revealed a 6 cm wide expansion of the right kidney. Bilateral mastectomy and nephrectomy of the right kidney was performed. The histology revealed a clear cell renal cell carcinoma and in the center of the tumor a 0.5 cm metastasis of the breast cancer. The patient's comorbidities and performance status precluded chemotherapy und she received palliative radiotherapy, targeted monoclonal antibody therapy and antihormonal treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Even if cancer-to-cancer metastasis is a very rare phenomenon, the simultaneous or consecutive finding of a renal tumor in women with breast cancer should be carefully evaluated.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/secundário , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Mastectomia , Nefrectomia
19.
Wien Klin Wochenschr ; 131(9-10): 233-236, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30887224

RESUMO

The working group recommends against contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM) in women with breast cancer without a family history or genetic predisposition with unilateral breast cancer. This is based on the low risk of developing contralateral breast cancer, the lack of a survival benefit, the increased risk of surgical complications, and the lack of benefit on quality of life.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Ginecologia , Obstetrícia , Mastectomia Profilática , Qualidade de Vida , Áustria , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Consenso , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Expectativa de Vida , Carga Tumoral
20.
Lancet Oncol ; 20(3): 339-351, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30795951

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive, early-stage breast cancer, treatment with adjuvant aromatase inhibitors is the standard of care, but it increases risk for osteoporosis and fractures. Results from the ABCSG-18 trial showed that use of denosumab as an adjuvant to aromatase inhibitor therapy significantly reduced clinical fractures. Disease-free survival outcomes from ABCSG-18 have not yet been reported. METHODS: Postmenopausal patients with early, hormone receptor-positive, non-metastatic adenocarcinoma of the breast, who had completed their initial adjuvant treatment pathway (surgery, radiotherapy, or chemotherapy, or a combination) and were receiving adjuvant aromatase inhibitors, were enrolled at 58 trial centres in Austria and Sweden into this prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial. With permuted block randomisation (block sizes 2 and 4, stratified by previous aromatase inhibitor use, total lumbar spine bone mineral density score at baseline, and type of centre), patients were assigned (1:1) to receive subcutaneous denosumab (60 mg) or matching placebo every 6 months during aromatase inhibitor therapy. The primary endpoint (previously reported) was the time to first clinical fracture after randomisation. The secondary endpoint reported here is disease-free survival (defined as time from randomisation to first evidence of local or distant metastasis, contralateral breast cancer, secondary carcinoma, or death from any cause) in the intention-to-treat population. This study is registered with EudraCT (number 2005-005275-15) and ClinicalTrials.gov (number NCT00556374), and is ongoing for long-term follow-up. FINDINGS: Between Dec 18, 2006, and July 22, 2013, 3425 eligible patients were enrolled and randomly assigned; 1711 to the denosumab group and 1709 to the placebo group (with five others withdrawing consent). After a median follow-up of 73 months (IQR 58-95), 240 (14·0%) patients in the denosumab and 287 (16·8%) in the placebo group had disease-free survival events. Disease-free survival was significantly improved in the denosumab group versus the placebo group (hazard ratio 0·82, 95% CI 0·69-0·98, Cox p=0·0260; descriptive analysis, without controlling for multiplicity). In the denosumab group, disease-free survival was 89·2% (95% CI 87·6-90·8) at 5 years and 80·6% (78·1-83·1) at 8 years of follow-up, compared with 87·3% (85·7-89·0) at 5 years and 77·5% (74·8-80·2) and 8 years in the placebo group. No independently adjudicated cases of osteonecrosis of the jaw or confirmed atypical femoral fractures were recorded. The total number of adverse events was similar in the denosumab group (1367 [including 521 serious] adverse events) and the placebo group (1339 [515 serious]). The most common serious adverse events were osteoarthritis (62 [3·6%] of 1709 in the denosumab group vs 58 [3·4%] of 1690 in the placebo group), meniscus injury (23 [1·3%] vs 24 [1·4%]), and cataract (16 [0·9%] vs 28 [1·7%]). One (<0·1%) treatment-related death (due to pneumonia, septic kidney failure, and cardiac decompensation) occurred in the denosumab group. INTERPRETATION: Denosumab constitutes an effective and safe adjuvant treatment for patients with postmenopausal hormone receptor-positive early breast cancer receiving aromatase inhibitor therapy. FUNDING: Amgen.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Aromatase/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Denosumab/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Inibidores da Aromatase/efeitos adversos , Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Denosumab/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pós-Menopausa/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Receptores de Estrogênio/genética , Receptores de Progesterona/genética
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