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2.
Allergol. immunopatol ; 47(4): 372-327, jul.-ago. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-186509

RESUMO

Introduction: Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a disorder of phagocyte function, characterized by pyogenic infections and granuloma formation caused by defects in NADPH oxidase complex activity. Although the effect of CGD mainly reflects the phagocytic compartment, B cell responses are also impaired in patients with CGD. Materials and methods: Flow cytometric analysis was performed on peripheral blood samples from 35 CGD patients age-matched with healthy controls (HC). The target cells of our study were the naive (IgD+/CD27-), memory (IgD-/CD27+), and B1a (CD5+) cells. Immunoglobulins (Igs) were also measured. This study was performed in a Latin American cohort. Results: We found significantly higher levels of naive B cells and B1a cells, but lower levels of memory B cells were found in CGD patients compared to HC. There was no significant difference of cell percentages per inheritance type. Discussion: Our findings suggest that the deficiency of NADPH oxidase components can affect the differentiation of naive B cells to memory B cells. Consequently, memory cells will be low, which also influenced the expression of CD27 in memory B cells and as a result, the percentage of naive cells increases. An altered phenotype of B lymphocytes in CGD patients may contribute to the opportunistic infections and autoimmune disorders that are seen in this disease


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos B/imunologia , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/imunologia , NADPH Oxidase 2/genética , Separação Celular , Estudos de Coortes , Citometria de Fluxo , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/genética , Memória Imunológica , México , Membro 7 da Superfamília de Receptores de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/metabolismo
3.
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) ; 47(4): 372-377, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31176517

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a disorder of phagocyte function, characterized by pyogenic infections and granuloma formation caused by defects in NADPH oxidase complex activity. Although the effect of CGD mainly reflects the phagocytic compartment, B cell responses are also impaired in patients with CGD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Flow cytometric analysis was performed on peripheral blood samples from 35 CGD patients age-matched with healthy controls (HC). The target cells of our study were the naive (IgD+/CD27-), memory (IgD-/CD27+), and B1a (CD5+) cells. Immunoglobulins (Igs) were also measured. This study was performed in a Latin American cohort. RESULTS: We found significantly higher levels of naive B cells and B1a cells, but lower levels of memory B cells were found in CGD patients compared to HC. There was no significant difference of cell percentages per inheritance type. DISCUSSION: Our findings suggest that the deficiency of NADPH oxidase components can affect the differentiation of naive B cells to memory B cells. Consequently, memory cells will be low, which also influenced the expression of CD27 in memory B cells and as a result, the percentage of naive cells increases. An altered phenotype of B lymphocytes in CGD patients may contribute to the opportunistic infections and autoimmune disorders that are seen in this disease.


Assuntos
Subpopulações de Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/imunologia , NADPH Oxidase 2/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Separação Celular , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/genética , Humanos , Memória Imunológica , Imunofenotipagem , Lactente , Masculino , México , Membro 7 da Superfamília de Receptores de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
8.
Allergol. immunopatol ; 42(6): 580-585, nov.-dic. 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-130149

RESUMO

Background: There are two inheritance patterns, the X-linked recessive (XL) pattern and the autosomal recessive pattern. There is no information on the predominant inheritance pattern of male patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) in Mexico. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the inheritance pattern in a cohort of Mexican male patients with CGD by means of the detection of an XL status carrier among their female relatives, and to describe the frequency of discoid lupus (DL) among carriers. Methods: We detected the female relatives within the families of male patients with CGD, and carried out the 123 dihydrorhodamine (DHR) assay in all female participants. All carriers were questioned for current or past established DL diagnosis. Results: We detected 33 families with one or more CGD male patients; we found an XL-CGD in 79% of the relatives from at least one female relative with a bimodal pattern. For the remaining seven relatives we were not able to confirm a carrier status by means of a DHR assay. Moreover, we detected one mother with CGD secondary to skewed X-chromosome inactivation. We also found 47 carriers, and only one carrier with DL among them. Conclusion: We concluded that XL-CGD is the most frequent form of CGD in a cohort of CGD male patients in Mexico. DHR assay is a fast and practical tool to determine the CGD form in the Latin-American countries. Finally, DL frequency in Mexico is lower than that reported in the literature for other regions of the world (AU)


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/genética , Lúpus Eritematoso Discoide/epidemiologia , Portador Sadio , México/epidemiologia , Marcadores Genéticos
11.
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) ; 42(6): 580-5, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24890515

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are two inheritance patterns, the X-linked recessive (XL) pattern and the autosomal recessive pattern. There is no information on the predominant inheritance pattern of male patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) in Mexico. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the inheritance pattern in a cohort of Mexican male patients with CGD by means of the detection of an XL status carrier among their female relatives, and to describe the frequency of discoid lupus (DL) among carriers. METHODS: We detected the female relatives within the families of male patients with CGD, and carried out the 123 dihydrorhodamine (DHR) assay in all female participants. All carriers were questioned for current or past established DL diagnosis. RESULTS: We detected 33 families with one or more CGD male patients; we found an XL-CGD in 79% of the relatives from at least one female relative with a bimodal pattern. For the remaining seven relatives we were not able to confirm a carrier status by means of a DHR assay. Moreover, we detected one mother with CGD secondary to skewed X-chromosome inactivation. We also found 47 carriers, and only one carrier with DL among them. CONCLUSION: We concluded that XL-CGD is the most frequent form of CGD in a cohort of CGD male patients in Mexico. DHR assay is a fast and practical tool to determine the CGD form in the Latin-American countries. Finally, DL frequency in Mexico is lower than that reported in the literature for other regions of the world.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos X/genética , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/genética , Padrões de Herança , Lúpus Eritematoso Discoide/genética , Rodaminas , Separação Celular , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Testes Genéticos , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/diagnóstico , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Padrões de Herança/genética , Lúpus Eritematoso Discoide/diagnóstico , Masculino , México , Linhagem
12.
Allergol. immunopatol ; 42(3): 235-240, mayo-jun. 2014. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-122684

RESUMO

Background: Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is characterised by hypogammaglobulinaemia and a broad clinical spectrum, mainly showing recurrent bacterial infections accompanied sometimes by increased susceptibility to chronic lung disease, autoimmunity, and neoplastic diseases. Objectives: To evaluate the clinical and immunological characteristics of patients with CVID in Mexico. Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of 43 patients with CVID from the Immunology Division of seven different reference centres in Mexico. Patients were diagnosed according to the diagnostic criteria of the European Society for Immunodeficiency Diseases. We collected demographics, clinical and immunological data from each patient and a statistical analysis was performed. Results: There were 23 (53.5%) male and 20 (46.5%) female patients. Median age at onset of disease was 13.7 years, and median age at diagnosis was 19 years. Average delay in diagnosis was 12.5 years. The median total serum levels of IgG, IgM, and IgA at diagnosis were 175, 18, and 17.8 mg/dL, respectively. The mean percentage of CD19+ B cells was 8.15%. Sinusitis (83%), pneumonia (83%), gastrointestinal infection (70%), and acute otitis media (49%) were the most common manifestations. Bronchiectasis was present in 51% of the patients, 44% manifested non-infectious chronic diarrhoea, and 70% experienced weight loss. Autoimmunity was present in 23% of the patients; haemolytic anaemia and autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura were the most common presentations. Allergy was present in 30.2% of patients, with allergic rhinitis and asthma being the most frequent types. Two patients developed malignancy. All the patients received Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) as a fundamental part of the treatment at a mean dose of 408 mg/kg. Conclusion: This is the first cohort of CVID reported in Mexico We found that infection diseases were the most frequent presentations at onset. Moreover, patients had an average diagnosis delay of twelve years and thus a major prevalence of bronchiectasis. We suggest performing an extended analysis of patients with CVID patients in other Latin American countries (AU)


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum/epidemiologia , Deficiência de IgG/imunologia , Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , México/epidemiologia , Imunidade Humoral/imunologia
13.
Allergol. immunopatol ; 42(1): 35-43, ene.-feb. 2014. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-119051

RESUMO

Background and aims: Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a primary antibody deficiency characterised by decreased antibody production and low or normal B-cell numbers. To elucidate the clinical and immunological heterogeneity of CVID, we studied 16 patients diagnosed with CVID. Methods: We analysed B, T and NK cell populations. We also assessed CD27 expression to define B-cell subsets and examined the expression of molecules important in B-cell proliferation and differentiation, such as the transmembrane activator and CALM interactor (TACI), inducible costimulator (ICOS), CD154 and CD40. Results: We observed reduced B and T-cell numbers in CVID patients; this reduction was more pronounced in adults. While one group of patients (group I) showed a significant reduction in CD27+ memory B-cells, another group (group II) of patients exhibited numbers of CD27+ memory B-cells similar to the healthy donor. The frequency of B-cells and T-cells expressing CD40 and ICOS, respectively, was significantly lower in all CVID patients compared with healthy donors. Finally, a correlation between the frequency of CD27+ memory B-cells and clinical features was observed in CVID patients. Conclusion: These results suggest that in some patients, the combined defects in both T and B-cells may account for CVID. Additionally, patients in group I exhibited an increased frequency of pneumonia and chronic diarrhoea (AU)


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum/imunologia , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade/imunologia , Antígenos CD40/imunologia , Ligante de CD40/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Membro 7 da Superfamília de Receptores de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/imunologia
14.
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) ; 42(3): 235-40, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23578780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is characterised by hypogammaglobulinaemia and a broad clinical spectrum, mainly showing recurrent bacterial infections accompanied sometimes by increased susceptibility to chronic lung disease, autoimmunity, and neoplastic diseases. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical and immunological characteristics of patients with CVID in Mexico. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of 43 patients with CVID from the Immunology Division of seven different reference centres in Mexico. Patients were diagnosed according to the diagnostic criteria of the European Society for Immunodeficiency Diseases. We collected demographics, clinical and immunological data from each patient and a statistical analysis was performed. RESULTS: There were 23 (53.5%) male and 20 (46.5%) female patients. Median age at onset of disease was 13.7 years, and median age at diagnosis was 19 years. Average delay in diagnosis was 12.5 years. The median total serum levels of IgG, IgM, and IgA at diagnosis were 175, 18, and 17.8mg/dL, respectively. The mean percentage of CD19+ B cells was 8.15%. Sinusitis (83%), pneumonia (83%), gastrointestinal infection (70%), and acute otitis media (49%) were the most common manifestations. Bronchiectasis was present in 51% of the patients, 44% manifested non-infectious chronic diarrhoea, and 70% experienced weight loss. Autoimmunity was present in 23% of the patients; haemolytic anaemia and autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura were the most common presentations. Allergy was present in 30.2% of patients, with allergic rhinitis and asthma being the most frequent types. Two patients developed malignancy. All the patients received Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) as a fundamental part of the treatment at a mean dose of 408mg/kg. CONCLUSION: This is the first cohort of CVID reported in Mexico We found that infection diseases were the most frequent presentations at onset. Moreover, patients had an average diagnosis delay of twelve years and thus a major prevalence of bronchiectasis. We suggest performing an extended analysis of patients with CVID patients in other Latin American countries.


Assuntos
Asma/imunologia , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Bronquiectasia/imunologia , Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum/imunologia , /imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Antígenos CD19/metabolismo , Autoimunidade , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum/fisiopatologia , Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas/sangue , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Masculino , México , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
15.
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) ; 42(1): 35-43, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23305827

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a primary antibody deficiency characterised by decreased antibody production and low or normal B-cell numbers. To elucidate the clinical and immunological heterogeneity of CVID, we studied 16 patients diagnosed with CVID. METHODS: We analysed B, T and NK cell populations. We also assessed CD27 expression to define B-cell subsets and examined the expression of molecules important in B-cell proliferation and differentiation, such as the transmembrane activator and CALM interactor (TACI), inducible costimulator (ICOS), CD154 and CD40. RESULTS: We observed reduced B and T-cell numbers in CVID patients; this reduction was more pronounced in adults. While one group of patients (group I) showed a significant reduction in CD27+ memory B-cells, another group (group II) of patients exhibited numbers of CD27+ memory B-cells similar to the healthy donor. The frequency of B-cells and T-cells expressing CD40 and ICOS, respectively, was significantly lower in all CVID patients compared with healthy donors. Finally, a correlation between the frequency of CD27+ memory B-cells and clinical features was observed in CVID patients. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that in some patients, the combined defects in both T and B-cells may account for CVID. Additionally, patients in group I exhibited an increased frequency of pneumonia and chronic diarrhoea.


Assuntos
Subpopulações de Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Antígenos CD40 , Ligante de CD40/metabolismo , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Memória Imunológica , Proteína Coestimuladora de Linfócitos T Induzíveis/genética , Proteína Coestimuladora de Linfócitos T Induzíveis/metabolismo , Masculino , México , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteína Transmembrana Ativadora e Interagente do CAML/genética , Proteína Transmembrana Ativadora e Interagente do CAML/metabolismo , Membro 7 da Superfamília de Receptores de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
16.
Clin Genet ; 86(2): 161-6, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23952477

RESUMO

Autosomal recessive interleukin-12 receptor ß1 (IL-12Rß1) deficiency has been described as the most common cause of Mendelian susceptibility to mycobacterial disease (MSMD), characterized by clinical disease due to weakly virulent mycobacteria such as Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccines and environmental mycobacteria (EM) in children who are normally resistant to most infectious agents. Here, we report the cases of five patients with mycobacterial infection, including one with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Blood samples from patients and healthy controls were activated in vitro with BCG, BCG+IL-12, and BCG+IFN-γ. The results showed reduced or no production of IFN-γ after IL-12 stimulation in all samples. IL-12Rß1 expression on the cell surface was negligible or absent. Genetic analysis showed five novel mutations.


Assuntos
Receptores de Interleucina-12/deficiência , Receptores de Interleucina-12/genética , Adolescente , Sequência de Bases , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Evolução Fatal , Humanos , Lactente , Interleucina-12/sangue , Masculino , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Linfócitos T/metabolismo
17.
Allergol. immunopatol ; 41(2): 108-113, mar.-abr. 2013. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-111621

RESUMO

Background: Over the past three decades, there has been a remarkable improvement in the outcome of children diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In general, paediatric-onset SLE has been associated with higher mortality rates and more disease damage than adults with SLE. The objective was to determinate the impact of clinical, laboratory, and electroencephalographic findings on survival amongst patients with paediatric-onset SLE. Methods: Charts of Mexican patients with paediatric-onset SLE diagnosed between 1970 and 2001 were analysed retrospectively; univariate and multivariate analyses were used for analysing associations between clinical and laboratory features and death; Kaplan–Meier tests were used to estimate survival curves. Results: 159 patients were included, 105 were female, with a median age of 12.7 years at diagnosis and a median duration of symptoms prior to diagnosis of 8.4 months. Univariate analysis showed that haematuria, leukocyturia, proteinuria, presence of urine cast, <60% glomerular filtration rate, haemolytic anaemia, and abnormal electroencephalogram, were all poor prognostic factors (p<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the presence of proteinuria and abnormal electroencephalograms (p<0.05) were independent factors associated with death. The overall survival rate was 82.9% at five years and 77.4% at ten years upon follow-up. Infection and high disease activity were the most common causes of death. Conclusions: Survival of paediatric-onset SLE patients was lower compared to that reported for patients in wealthier countries. Amongst the patients who died, the presence of proteinuria and abnormal electroencephalograms were found to be determinant for survival. Infection and activity were the most common causes of death(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Eletroencefalografia/métodos , Eletroencefalografia/normas , Eletroencefalografia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico
18.
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) ; 41(2): 108-13, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22316551

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Over the past three decades, there has been a remarkable improvement in the outcome of children diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In general, paediatric-onset SLE has been associated with higher mortality rates and more disease damage than adults with SLE. The objective was to determinate the impact of clinical, laboratory, and electroencephalographic findings on survival amongst patients with paediatric-onset SLE. METHODS: Charts of Mexican patients with paediatric-onset SLE diagnosed between 1970 and 2001 were analysed retrospectively; univariate and multivariate analyses were used for analysing associations between clinical and laboratory features and death; Kaplan-Meier tests were used to estimate survival curves. RESULTS: 159 patients were included, 105 were female, with a median age of 12.7 years at diagnosis and a median duration of symptoms prior to diagnosis of 8.4 months. Univariate analysis showed that haematuria, leukocyturia, proteinuria, presence of urine cast, <60% glomerular filtration rate, haemolytic anaemia, and abnormal electroencephalogram, were all poor prognostic factors (p<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the presence of proteinuria and abnormal electroencephalograms (p<0.05) were independent factors associated with death. The overall survival rate was 82.9% at five years and 77.4% at ten years upon follow-up. Infection and high disease activity were the most common causes of death. CONCLUSIONS: Survival of paediatric-onset SLE patients was lower compared to that reported for patients in wealthier countries. Amongst the patients who died, the presence of proteinuria and abnormal electroencephalograms were found to be determinant for survival. Infection and activity were the most common causes of death.


Assuntos
Eletrocardiografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/mortalidade , Adolescente , Idade de Início , Criança , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida
20.
Nutr Hosp ; 27(1): 209-12, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22566323

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mexico has the highest rates of childhood obesity of any country in the world. As an environmental risk factor, family perception and behavior concerning child obesity is thought to have an important influence on the prevention and treatment of obesity. OBJECTIVE: the aim of this study was to evaluate maternal perceptions of children's weight and to determine whether these perceptions are associated with the actual weight of the children. METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted that assessed 273 children and included interviews with their mothers. Maternal perceptions of the children's weight status were compared with the measured weights, statures and body mass indices (BMI). RESULTS: The mean BMIs of the children and mothers were 18.1 ± 3.6 and 27.7 ± 4.7 kg/m², respectively. The perceptions of mothers of children's weight are not associated with actual BMI category of children (p < 0.0001). We found 74 children who were overweight and obese (27%); 62.2% of the mothers of these children considered them to be overweight and obese and 37.8% of these mothers felt that their sons were of normal weight when in fact they were overweight (p = 0.038). CONCLUSIONS: We found no association between actual BMI category of children and their mother's perceptions of their weight. In addition, found that third of mothers with obese or overweight children reported that their children had a normal nutritional status.


Assuntos
Mães , Estado Nutricional/etnologia , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal/fisiologia , Criança , Ingestão de Alimentos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Estado Nutricional/fisiologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia
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