Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 5 de 5
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
2.
Endocrine ; 66(2): 405-415, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31317524

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The prevalence of postoperative hypoparathyroidism has been studied in registries and in surgical series with highly variable and imprecise results. However, the frequency of this hormonal deficiency in the clinical practice of endocrinologists is not known with accuracy. We aimed to assess the prevalence and risk factors of hypoparathyroidism in patients undergoing total thyroidectomy in Spain. METHODS: We designed a retrospective, multicentre and nation-wide protocol including all patients with total thyroidectomy who were seen in the endocrinology clinic of the participant centers from January to March 2018. Prevalence of hypoparathyroidism was evaluated at discharge of surgery, 3-6 months after surgery, 12 months after surgery and at last visit. Twenty hospitals participated in the study. RESULTS: Of 1792 patients undergoing total thyroidectomy, 866 (48.3%) developed postoperative hypoparathyroidism at discharge of surgery. Most of them recover parathyroid function over time. Prevalence of hypoparathyroidism at 3-6 months, 12 months and at last visit was 22.9%, 16.7% and 14.5%, respectively. The risk of developing definitive hypoparathyroidism was related to the presence of parathyroid tissue at histology, lymph node dissection, and two-stage thyroidectomy. Patients with thyroid cancer, with higher postoperative calcium levels and treated by expert surgical teams exhibited lower risk of developing permanent hypoparathyroidism. CONCLUSIONS: Although most patients with postsurgical hypoparathyroidism recover parathyroid function, the prevalence of permanent disease in clinical practice is non negligible (14.5%). Postoperative calcium, extent and timing of surgery, the presence of cancer, expert surgical team, and parathyroid tissue at histology are predictors of permanent hypoparathyroidism.

3.
Endocrinol. diabetes nutr. (Ed. impr.) ; 66(5): 320-329, mayo 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-182807

RESUMO

Objectives: The ACROSTART study was intended to determine the time to achieve normalization of GH and IGF-I levels in responding patients with acromegaly administered different dosage regimens of lanreotide Autogel (Somatuline(R) Autogel(R)). Methods: From March 2013 to October 2013, clinical data from 57 patients from 17 Spanish hospitals with active acromegaly treated with lanreotide for ≥4 months who achieved hormonal control (GH levels <2.5ng/ml and/or normalized IGF-I levels in ≥2 measurements) were analyzed. The primary objective was to determine the time from start of lanreotide treatment to hormonal normalization. Results: Median patient age was 64 years, 21 patients were male, 39 patients had undergone surgery, and 14 patients had received radiotherapy. Median hormonal values at start of lanreotide treatment were: GH, 2.6ng/ml; IGF-I, 1.6×ULN. The most common starting dose of lanreotide was 120mg (29 patients). The main initial regimens were 60mg/4 weeks (n=13), 90mg/4 weeks (n=6), 120mg/4 weeks (n=13), 120mg/6 weeks (n=6), and 120mg/8 weeks (n=9). An initial treatment regimen with a long interval (≥6 weeks) was administered in 25 patients. Mean duration of lanreotide treatment was 68 months (7-205). Median time to achieve hormonal control was 4.9 months. Injections were managed without healthcare assistance in 13 patients. Median number of visits to endocrinologists until hormonal control was achieved was 3. Fifty-one patients were "satisfied"/"very satisfied" with treatment and 49 patients did not miss any dose. Conclusions: Real-life treatment with lanreotide Autogel resulted in early hormonal control in responding patients, with high treatment adherence and satisfaction despite disparity in starting doses and dosing intervals


Objetivos: El objetivo del estudio ACROSTART era determinar el período de tiempo para lograr la normalización hormonal (GH e IGF-I) en pacientes con acromegalia respondedores al tratamiento considerando los regímenes de lanreótida Autogel (Somatuline(R) Autogel(R)) utilizados en la práctica clínica. Métodos: Desde marzo de 2013 hasta octubre de 2013, en 17 hospitales españoles se analizaron los datos clínicos de 57 pacientes con acromegalia activa tratados con lanreótida durante ≥4 meses que lograron control hormonal (niveles de GH <2,5ng/ml y/o IGF-I normalizado en ≥2 evaluaciones). El objetivo principal fue determinar el período de tiempo desde el inicio del tratamiento con lanreótida hasta la normalización hormonal. Resultados: La mediana de edad de los pacientes fue 64 años, 21 pacientes eran hombres, 39 pacientes habían recibido cirugía, 14 pacientes habían recibido radioterapia. Los valores hormonales medianos al inicio del tratamiento con lanreótida fueron GH: 2,6ng/ml, IGF-I: 1,6×LSN. La dosis inicial más frecuente de lanreótida fue de 120mg (29 pacientes). Los principales regímenes iniciales fueron 60mg/4 semanas (n=13), 90mg/4 semanas (n=6), 120mg/4 semanas (n=13), 120mg/6 semanas (n=6), 120mg/8 semanas (n=9). Se administró un régimen de intervalo prolongado (≥6 semanas) en 25 pacientes. La duración media del tratamiento con lanreótida fue de 68 meses (7-205). El tiempo medio hasta lograr el control hormonal fue de 4,9 meses. Las inyecciones se manejaron sin asistencia médica en 13 pacientes. La mediana del número de visitas al endocrinólogo hasta el control hormonal fue 3. Cincuenta y un pacientes estaban "satisfechos"/"muy satisfechos" con el tratamiento y 49 pacientes no olvidaron ninguna dosis. Conclusiones: El tratamiento en la vida real con lanreótida Autogel condujo a un control hormonal temprano en pacientes que respondieron, con una alta adherencia al tratamiento y satisfacción con el tratamiento, a pesar de la disparidad de las dosis iniciales y los intervalos de dosificación


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Acromegalia/tratamento farmacológico , Peptídeos Cíclicos/uso terapêutico , Hormônio do Crescimento Humano/metabolismo , Somatostatina/análogos & derivados , Acromegalia/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Peptídeos Cíclicos/administração & dosagem , Acromegalia/metabolismo , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento , Somatostatina/administração & dosagem
4.
Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr ; 66(5): 320-329, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30773338

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The ACROSTART study was intended to determine the time to achieve normalization of GH and IGF-I levels in responding patients with acromegaly administered different dosage regimens of lanreotide Autogel (Somatuline® Autogel®). METHODS: From March 2013 to October 2013, clinical data from 57 patients from 17 Spanish hospitals with active acromegaly treated with lanreotide for ≥4 months who achieved hormonal control (GH levels <2.5ng/ml and/or normalized IGF-I levels in ≥2 measurements) were analyzed. The primary objective was to determine the time from start of lanreotide treatment to hormonal normalization. RESULTS: Median patient age was 64 years, 21 patients were male, 39 patients had undergone surgery, and 14 patients had received radiotherapy. Median hormonal values at start of lanreotide treatment were: GH, 2.6ng/ml; IGF-I, 1.6×ULN. The most common starting dose of lanreotide was 120mg (29 patients). The main initial regimens were 60mg/4 weeks (n=13), 90mg/4 weeks (n=6), 120mg/4 weeks (n=13), 120mg/6 weeks (n=6), and 120mg/8 weeks (n=9). An initial treatment regimen with a long interval (≥6 weeks) was administered in 25 patients. Mean duration of lanreotide treatment was 68 months (7-205). Median time to achieve hormonal control was 4.9 months. Injections were managed without healthcare assistance in 13 patients. Median number of visits to endocrinologists until hormonal control was achieved was 3. Fifty-one patients were "satisfied"/"very satisfied" with treatment and 49 patients did not miss any dose. CONCLUSIONS: Real-life treatment with lanreotide Autogel resulted in early hormonal control in responding patients, with high treatment adherence and satisfaction despite disparity in starting doses and dosing intervals.


Assuntos
Acromegalia/sangue , Acromegalia/tratamento farmacológico , Hormônio do Crescimento Humano/sangue , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/análise , Peptídeos Cíclicos/administração & dosagem , Somatostatina/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Géis , Humanos , Masculino , Adesão à Medicação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Somatostatina/administração & dosagem , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
5.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 17812, 2018 12 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30546030

RESUMO

The immune checkpoint based therapy targeting the programmed death-1 (PD-1) receptor and its PD-L1 ligand has recently been approved for the therapy of different malignant conditions, but not yet for gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs). In this context, we evaluated the expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 in GEP-NETs and its potential correlations with clinical outcomes. Expression of PD-1/PD-L1 was analyzed by immunohistochemistry in 116 GEP-NETs and 48 samples of peritumoral tissue. In addition, the expression of these molecules was assessed by flow cytometry in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from patients with GEP-NETs (n = 32) and healthy controls (n = 32) and in intratumoral mononuclear cells (TMCs) (n = 3). Expression of PD-L1 and PD-1 was detected by immunohistochemistry in 6% and 1% of tumor tissue samples, respectively, and in 8% of peritumoral tissue samples, for both markers. We also observed that PD-1 expression by TMCs was associated with metastatic disease at diagnosis, and the levels of circulating PD-1+ PBMCs were associated with progressive disease upon follow-ups. In addition, circulating PD-1+ PBMCs were significantly correlated with PD-L1 expression by tumor cells. Our data suggest that PD-1/PD-L1 is expressed in 1 to 8% of GEP-NETs, and that this feature is significantly associated with disease evolution (p < 0.01).


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/biossíntese , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Intestinais , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Tumores Neuroendócrinos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/biossíntese , Neoplasias Gástricas , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Intestinais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Intestinais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Intestinais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/diagnóstico , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/metabolismo , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA