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1.
Med Oncol ; 39(1): 4, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34739635

RESUMO

Immunohistochemistry and recent molecular technologies progressively guided access to personalized anti-tumoral therapies. We explored the feasibility, efficacy, and the impact of molecular profiling in patients with advanced brain tumors. This multicentric prospective trial ProfiLER enrolled patients with primary brain tumors, who have been pre-treated with at least one line of anti-cancer treatment, and for whom molecular profiles had been achieved using next-generation sequencing and/or comparative genomic hybridization on fresh or archived samples from tumor, relapse, or biopsies. A molecular tumor board weekly analyzed results and proposed molecular-based recommended therapy (MBRT). From February 2013 to December 2015, we enrolled 141 patients with primary brain tumor and analyzed 105 patients for whom tumor genomic profiles had been achieved. Histology mainly identified glioblastoma (N = 46, 44%), low-grade glioma (N = 26, 25%), high-grade glioma (N = 12, 11%), and atypical and anaplastic meningioma (N = 8, 8%). Forty-three (41%) patients presented at least one actionable molecular alteration. Out of 61 alterations identified, the most frequent alterations occurred in CDKN2A (N = 18), EGFR (N = 12), PDGFRa (N = 8), PTEN (N = 8), CDK4 (N = 7), KIT (N = 6), PIK3CA (N = 5), and MDM2 (N = 3). Sixteen (15%) patients could not be proposed for a MBRT due to early death (N = 5), lack of available clinical trials (N = 9), or inappropriate results (N = 2). Only six (6%) of the 27 (26%) patients for whom a MBRT had been proposed finally initiated MBRT (everolimus (N = 3), erlotinib (N = 1), ruxolitinib (N = 1), and sorafenib (N = 1)), but discontinued treatment for toxicity (N = 4) or clinical progression (N = 2). High-throughput sequencing in patients with brain tumors may be routinely performed, especially when macroscopic surgery samples are available; nevertheless delays should be reduced. Criteria for clinical trial enrollment should be reconsidered in patients with brain tumors, and a panel of genes specifically dedicated to neurologic tumors should be developed to help decision-making in clinical practice.

3.
Transl Oncol ; 15(1): 101266, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794033

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy, anti-HER2 and PD-1 antibodies are standard treatments but only a minority of patients derive long-term benefit from these agents. METHODS: In this report we describe the mutational landscape and outcome of patients with gastroesophageal cancers enroled in the ProfiLER program. RESULTS: Adenocarcinoma (n = 86, 59%), signet-cell (n = 37, 25%) and squamous-cell (n = 21, 14%) were the dominant histology amongst 147 patients. Genomic analyses could be performed for 114 (78%) patients. The most common genomic alterations involved ERBB2 (15%), KRAS (12%), CCND1 (7%), FGFR1-3 (8%), EGFR (5%) and MET (3%), TP53 (51%) and CDKN2A/B (10%). ERBB2, MET and FGFR alterations were found exclusively in the adenocarcinoma and signet-cell subtypes, while CCND1 amplification, TP53 mutations and CDKN2A/B loss were found in both adenocarcinoma and squamous-cell subtypes. Nine patients (8%) received therapy matched to their genomic alteration, with 5 of them achieving disease control. In an exploratory analysis, patients with stage IV disease at diagnosis who had an actionable alteration had longer overall survival compared to those without. CONCLUSION: Genomic profiling for patients with advanced gastroesophageal cancers allows the identification of actionable alterations in large proportion of patients. Increased accessibility to molecularly matched therapy may improve survival in this disease.

4.
Int J Cancer ; 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34724226

RESUMO

Molibresib is an orally bioavailable, selective, small molecule BET protein inhibitor. Results from a first time in human study in solid tumors resulted in the selection of a 75 mg once daily dose of the besylate formulation of molibresib as the recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D). Here we present the results of Part 2 of this study, investigating safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and clinical activity of molibresib at the RP2D for nuclear protein in testis carcinoma (NC), small cell lung cancer, castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), triple-negative breast cancer, estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer, and gastrointestinal stromal tumor. The primary safety endpoints were incidence of adverse events (AEs) and serious AEs; the primary efficacy endpoint was overall response rate. Secondary endpoints included plasma concentrations and gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). Molibresib 75 mg once daily demonstrated no unexpected toxicities. The most common treatment-related AEs (any grade) were thrombocytopenia (64%), nausea (43%), and decreased appetite (37%); 83% of patients required dose interruptions and 29% required dose reductions due to AEs. Anti-tumor activity was observed in NC and CRPC (one confirmed partial response each, with observed reductions in tumor size), although predefined clinically meaningful response rates were not met for any tumor type. Total active moiety median plasma concentrations after single and repeated administration were similar across tumor cohorts. GSEA revealed that gene expression changes with molibresib varied by patient, response status, and tumor type. Investigations into combinatorial approaches that use BET inhibition to eliminate resistance to other targeted therapies are warranted. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

5.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 1180, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740331

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Soft-tissue sarcomas (STS) represent a heterogeneous group of rare tumors including more than 70 different histological subtypes. High throughput molecular analysis (next generation sequencing exome [NGS]) is a unique opportunity to identify driver mutations that can change the usual one-size-fits-all treatment paradigm to a patient-driven therapeutic strategy. The primary objective of the MULTISARC trial is to assess whether NGS can be conducted for a large proportion of metastatic STS participants within a reasonable time, and, secondarily to determine whether a NGS-guided therapeutic strategy improves participant's outcome. METHODS: This is a randomized, multicentre, phase II/III trial inspired by the design of umbrella and biomarker-driven trials. The setting plans up to 17 investigational centres across France and the recruitment of 960 participants. Participants aged at least 18 years, with unresectable locally advanced and/or metastatic STS confirmed by the French sarcoma pathological reference network, are randomized according to 1:1 allocation ratio between the experimental arm "NGS" and the standard "No NGS". NGS will be considered feasible if (i) NGS results are available and interpretable, and (ii) a report of exome sequencing including a clinical recommendation from a multidisciplinary tumor board is provided to investigators within 7 weeks from reception of the samples on the biopathological platform. A feasibility rate of more than 70% is expected (null hypothesis: 70% versus alternative hypothesis: 80%). In terms of care, participants randomized in "No NGS" arm and who fail treatment will be able to switch to the NGS arm at the request of the investigator. DISCUSSION: The MULTISARC trial is a prospective study designed to provide high-level evidence to support the implementation of NGS in routine clinical practice for advanced STS participants, on a large scale. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrial.gov NCT03784014 .

6.
Head Neck ; 43(12): 3899-3910, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643313

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genome analysis could provide tools to assess predictive molecular biomarkers of radioresistance. METHODS: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma patients included in ProfiLER study and who underwent a curative radiotherapy were screened. Univariate and Cox multivariate analyses were performed to explore the relationships between molecular abnormalities, infield relapse and complete tumor response after radiation. RESULTS: One hundred and forty-three patients were analyzed. PIK3CA mutation and genomic instability of MAP kinases pathway were found to be prognostic factors of loco-regional relapse in multivariate analysis with respectively HR 0.33, 95% CI 0.13-0.83, p = 0.005 and HR 0.61, 95% CI 0.38-0.96, p = 0.025. Instability of apoptosis pathway was found to be a prognostic factor of complete response after radiotherapy with HR 0.24, 95% CI 0.07-0.88, p = 0.04. CONCLUSION: This sub analysis suggests that PIK3CA mutation, variation of copy number of MAP kinases and apoptosis pathways play a significant role in the radioresistance phenomenon.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/radioterapia , Genômica , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Prognóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia
7.
Front Oncol ; 11: 756365, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34631593

RESUMO

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) have been developed in gastric adenocarcinomas and approved in first-line metastatic setting (in combination with chemotherapy) as well as in pretreated patients. Microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) tumors are predicted to derive high benefit from ICI but data in gastric locations are limited. Here, we describe the case of a 68-year old patient with stage IV MSI-H gastric adenocarcinoma, referred to our center to receive immunotherapy after failure of standard of care (surgery with perioperative platin-based chemotherapy and paclitaxel plus ramucirumab at disease progression). The patient received one injection of durvalumab and tremelimumab and was hospitalized eighteen days after because of occlusive syndrome. The CT scan showed hyperprogression of the lymph nodes and hepatic lesions, compressing the gastric stump. He died few days later. Molecular analyses did not explain this outcome. To our knowledge, this is one of the first reported cases of hyperprogressive disease after combined ICI for a patient with MSI-H tumor. We review the potential causes and discuss the emerging literature regarding predictive factors of hyperprogression in the particular subset of MSI-H patients. If some data were available in retrospective studies, validation of strong predictive factors is needed to avoid such dramatic evolutions.

8.
Cancer ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The value of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in soft tissue sarcoma (STS) is not completely understood. This study investigated the benefit of neoadjuvant chemotherapy according to prognostic stratification based on the Sarculator nomogram for STS. METHODS: This study analyzed data from ISG-STS 1001, a randomized study that tested 3 cycles of neoadjuvant anthracycline plus ifosfamide (AI) or histology-tailored (HT) chemotherapy in adult patients with STS. The 10-year predicted overall survival (pr-OS) was estimated with the Sarculator and was stratified into higher (10-year pr-OS < 60%) and lower risk subgroups (10-year pr-OS ≥ 60%). RESULTS: The median pr-OS was 0.63 (interquartile range [IQR], 0.51-0.72) for the entire study population, 0.62 (IQR, 0.51-0.70) for the AI arm, and 0.64 (IQR, 0.51-0.73) for the HT arm. Three- and 5-year overall survival (OS) were 0.86 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.82-0.93) and 0.81 (95% CI, 0.71-0.86) in lower risk patients and 0.69 (95% CI, 0.70-0.85) and 0.59 (95% CI, 0.51-0.72) in the higher risk patients (log-rank test, P = .004). In higher risk patients, the 3- and 5-year Sarculator-predicted and study-observed OS rates were 0.68 and 0.58, respectively, and 0.85 and 0.66, respectively, in the AI arm (P = .04); the corresponding figures in the HT arm were 0.69 and 0.60, respectively, and 0.69 and 0.55, respectively (P > .99). In lower risk patients, the 3- and 5-year Sarculator-predicted and study-observed OS rates were 0.85 and 0.80, respectively, and 0.89 and 0.82, respectively, in the AI arm (P = .507); the corresponding figures in the HT arm were 0.87 and 0.81, respectively, and 0.86 and 0.74, respectively (P = .105). CONCLUSIONS: High-risk patients treated with AI performed better than predicted, and this adds to the evidence for the efficacy of neoadjuvant AI in STS. LAY SUMMARY: People affected by soft tissue sarcomas of the extremities and trunk wall are at some risk of developing metastasis after surgery. Preoperative or postoperative chemotherapy has been tested in clinical trials to reduce the chances of distant metastasis. However, study findings have not been conclusive. This study stratified the risk of metastasis for people affected by sarcomas who were included in a clinical trial testing neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Exploiting the prognostic nomogram Sarculator, it found a benefit for chemotherapy when the predicted risk, based on patient and tumor characteristics, was high.

9.
Eur J Cancer ; 158: 123-132, 2021 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666214

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The EORTC 62961-ESHO 95 randomised trial showed improved long-term survival of patients with high-risk soft-tissue sarcoma by adding regional hyperthermia to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. We hypothesised that immune infiltrate of patients treated with neoadjuvant therapy associate with clinical outcome. METHODS: Tumour infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and CD8, FOXP3, PD-1, and PD-L1 were evaluated in sequential biopsies of patients after four cycles of therapy. RESULTS: From a subgroup of 109 patients who had been randomised between July 1997 and November 2006 to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (53 patients) or neoadjuvant chemotherapy with regional hyperthermia (56 patients), 137 biopsies were obtained. TILs increased in paired second biopsies independent of treatment allocation (p < 0.001). FOXP3 regulatory T cells decreased (p = 0.002), and PD-L1 expression of tumours became undetectable. In the multivariate analysis, post-treatment high TILs correlated to LPFS (HR: 0.34; 95% CI 0.15-0.75; p = 0.008) and DFS (HR: 0.38; 95% CI 0.17-0.82; p = 0.015). In comparing post-treatment immune infiltrate between treatment arms, tumour response was associated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy with regional hyperthermia (p = 0.013) and high TILs (p = 0.064). High CD8 cell infiltration was associated with improved LPFS (HR: 0.27; 95% CI 0.09-0.79; Log-rank p = 0.011) and DFS (HR: 0.25; 95% CI 0.09-0.73; Log-rank p = 0.006). Improved survival at 10 years was associated with immune infiltrate after neoadjuvant chemotherapy with regional hyperthermia. CONCLUSION: Preoperative therapy re-programs a non-inflamed tumour at baseline into an inflamed tumour. The post-treatment immune infiltrate became predictive for clinical outcomes. The combination with regional hyperthermia primes the tumour microenvironment, enabling enhanced anti-tumour immune activity in high-risk soft tissue sarcomas. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT00003052.

10.
Int J Cancer ; 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34611903

RESUMO

The benefit of chemotherapy (CT) in rare bone sarcomas is not documented in prospective studies. Our retrospective study from the French sarcoma network for bone tumors ResOs was performed in adult patients (pts) from 1976 to 2014, with histologically verified diagnosis of leiomyosarcomas (LMS), undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) or radiation-associated sarcomas of bone. The median follow-up was 4.7 years (95% CI: 3.7-6.5). Clinical features, treatment modalities and outcomes were recorded and analyzed from 145 pts (median age 53 years [range 20-87]). Site of disease was extremities (66%) or axial skeleton (34%), 111 (77%) presented with localized and potentially resectable disease. The most common histological subtypes were UPS (58%) and LMS (33%); 58% were high-grade tumors. Surgery was performed in 127 pts. In the 111 localized pts, 28 pts (25%) underwent upfront surgery or exclusive radiotherapy (RT; >50 Gy) without CT, whereas 83 pts (75%) received either neoadjuvant (n = 26) or adjuvant CT (n = 13) or both (n = 44). Neoadjuvant and adjuvant CT was mostly doxorubicin-based (95%/86%) and cisplatin-based (67%/63%). R0 resection was achieved in 59 pts, and a good histological response in 15 patients (25%). Adjuvant RT was performed in 24 (22%) pts. For the whole cohort (n = 145), the 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was 53% [42; 62]. In univariate analysis, age ≤ 60 was associated with a longer disease-free survival (DFS) (P = .0436). Neoadjuvant and adjuvant CT tended to be associated with better DFS (P = .056) with no significant impact on OS in this retrospective series.

11.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615721

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The effect of high-dose imatinib (800 mg/day) on survival in the adjuvant treatment of patients with resected KIT exon 9-mutated gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) is not established. Here, the association of dose and other clinicopathologic variables with survival was evaluated in a large multi-institutional European cohort. METHODS: Data from 185 patients were retrospectively collected in 23 European GIST reference centers. Propensity score matching (PSM) and inverse-probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) were used to account for confounders. Univariate and multivariate unweighted and weighted Cox proportional hazard regression models were estimated for relapse-free survival (RFS), modified-RFS (mRFS) and imatinib failure-free survival (IFFS). Univariate Cox models were estimated for overall survival. RESULTS: Of the 185 patients, 131 (70.8%) received a starting dose of 400 mg/d and the remaining 54 (29.2%) a dose of 800 mg/d. Baseline characteristics were partially unbalanced, suggesting a potential selection bias. PSM and IPTW analyses showed no advantage of imatinib 800 mg/d. In the weighted multivariate Cox models, high-dose imatinib was not associated with the survival outcomes [RFS: hazard ratio (HR), 1.24; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.79-1.94; mRFS: HR, 1.69; 95% CI, 0.92-3.10; IFFS: HR, 1.35; 95% CI, 0.79-2.28]. The variables consistently associated with worse survival outcomes were high mitotic index and nongastric tumor location. CONCLUSIONS: In this retrospective series of patients with KIT exon 9-mutated GIST treated with adjuvant imatinib, a daily dose of 800 mg versus 400 mg did not show better results in terms of survival outcomes. Prospective evaluation of the more appropriate adjuvant treatment in this setting is warranted.

13.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34561126

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Complete surgical resection constitutes the mainstay of treatment for locally aggressive, rarely metastazing tumor and low-grade soft tissue sarcomas (LAS). Local relapse is the most common tumor event, especially in the presence of positive margins (R1 margins). The aims of this study are to assess the impact of the national network on patient care and to evaluate the role of immediate re-excision in children, adolescents and young adults with incompletely resected LAS. METHODS: National retrospective multicenter study of all young patients (≤25 years) included in the Sarcoma "ConticaBase" treated for LAS between 2005 and 2017 for whom pathology/biology review was available via the national NETSARC + network. RESULTS: A total of 96 patients were identified (median age: 16 years). Tumors were localized in 99% of cases (1 N+ tumor). With a median follow-up of 4.7 years (range: 0.1-11.9), eight local relapses and two distant metastases were observed. No patient died. Overall 5-year event-free survival (EFS) was 90.4% [95%CI, 84.3-97]. Five year EFS for R1 patients (n = 51) with (n = 24) and without (n = 27) immediate re-excision was 90.5% [95%CI, 78.8-100.0] and 80.3% [95%CI, 64.7-99.9], respectively (p = 0.34). The 37 patients directly treated in a reference center more commonly had a diagnostic biopsy (78% vs. 21%; p < 0.001), more complete surgery (R0: 65% vs. 14%; p < 0.001) and less commonly underwent re-excision (16% vs. 54%; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This large series indicates that LAS are rare in young patients and have a favorable prognosis. Immediate management in reference centers is associated with better standard of care. The main tumor events are local relapses.

14.
Int J Cancer ; 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34562271

RESUMO

Treatment options for metastatic osteosarcomas are scarce. Following failure of standard first line therapy, patients who relapse present a challenging treatment dilemma, and have a poor prognosis. Surgical removal of all metastases is essential. A retrospective analysis of patients with metastatic osteosarcomas was conducted in 15 French Sarcoma Group centers. From January 2009 to December 2018, we identified 120 adult patients; 36 with synchronous and 84 with metachronous metastases with 74 males and 46 females. Mean age was 30 years (18-53). Metastatic sites were lung, bone and other in 91, 11 and 24 patients, respectively. Mean time to first metachronous metastases was 22 months (4-97). All patients except 13 (10.8%) with metachronous metastases received a first line systemic treatment for relapse, and 39 patients (32.5%) were included in a clinical trial. Eighty-one patients (67.5%) had local treatment of distant metastases. Median progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 5.5 (95% CI 4.6-6.4) and 20.5 months (95% CI 13.2-27.7) respectively for the overall group. In multivariate analysis, more than five metastases, time to first metastases <24 months, were statistically significant negative prognostic factors for OS and PFS (P = .002, ≤.001 and P = .006, ≤.001, respectively). Surgery of metastases was associated with better prognosis on OS and PFS (P = .001 and .037, respectively). The presence of bone metastases was a negative prognostic factor on OS but not on PFS (P = .021). In reference sarcoma centers, relapsed osteosarcoma patients with more than one metastasis commonly receive more than one line of systemic therapy, and are included in clinical trial if available.

15.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503977

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Most patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) have activating mutations in KIT/PDGFRA and are initially responsive to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI). The acquisition of secondary mutations leads to refractory/relapsed disease. This study reports the results of an analysis from the phase III INVICTUS study (NCT03353753) characterizing the genomic heterogeneity of tumors from patients with advanced GIST and evaluating ripretinib efficacy across KIT/PDGFRA mutation subgroups. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Tumor tissue and liquid biopsy samples that captured circulating tumor DNA were collected prior to study enrollment and sequenced using next-generation sequencing. Subgroups were determined by KIT/PDGFRA mutations and correlation of clinical outcomes and KIT/PDGFRA mutational status was assessed. RESULTS: Overall, 129 patients enrolled (ripretinib 150 mg once daily, n = 85; placebo, n = 44). The most common primary mutation subgroup detected by combined tissue and liquid biopsies were in KIT exon 11 (ripretinib, 61.2%; placebo, 77.3%) and KIT exon 9 (ripretinib, 18.8%; placebo, 15.9%). Patients receiving ripretinib demonstrated progression-free survival (PFS) benefit versus placebo regardless of mutation status (HR 0.16) and in all assessed subgroups in Kaplan-Meier PFS analysis (exon 11, P < 0.0001; exon 9, P = 0.0023; exon 13, P < 0.0001; exon 17, P < 0.0001). Among patients with wild-type KIT/PDGFRA by tumor tissue, PFS ranged from 2 to 23 months for ripretinib versus 0.9 to 10.1 months for placebo. CONCLUSIONS: Ripretinib provided clinically meaningful activity across mutation subgroups in patients with advanced GIST, demonstrating that ripretinib inhibits a broad range of KIT/PDGFRA mutations in patients with advanced GIST who were previously treated with three or more TKIs.

16.
Mol Cancer Ther ; 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34552008

RESUMO

MRP-1 is implicated in multidrug resistance and was described as prognostic in high-risk patients with soft-tissue sarcoma (STS) in a previous study. The current research aimed to validate MRP-1 prognostic/predictive value in localized sarcomas treated with anthracyclines plus ifosfamide within the ISG-1001 phase III study. In addition, the inhibitory activity on MRP-1 was investigated in preclinical studies to identify new combinations able to increase the efficacy of standard chemotherapy in STS. MRP-1 expression was assessed by IHC in tissue microarrays from patients with STS and tested for correlation with disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). In vitro studies tested the efficacy of MRP-1 inhibitors (nilotinib, ripretinib, selumetinib, and avapritinib) in sarcoma cell lines. The effect of combinations of the most active MRP-1 inhibitors and chemotherapy was measured on the basis of apoptosis. MRP-1 was evaluable in 231 of 264 cases who entered the study. MRP-1 expression (strong intensity) was independently associated with worse DFS [HR, 1.78; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.11-2.83; P = 0.016], in the multivariate analysis, with a trend for a worse OS (HR, 1.78; 95% CI, 0.97-3.25; P = 0.062). In vitro studies showed that the addition of MRP-1 inhibitors (nilotinib or avapritinib) to doxorubicin plus palifosfamide, significantly increased cell death in SK-UT-1 and CP0024 cell lines. MRP-1 is an adverse predictive factor in localized high-risk patients with STS treated with neoadjuvant anthracyclines plus ifosfamide followed by surgery. In vitro findings support the clinical assessment of the combination of chemotherapy and MRP-1 inhibitors as a promising strategy to overcome the drug ceiling effect for chemotherapy.

17.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34551905

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) clinical phase II trial 90101 "CREATE" showed high antitumor activity of crizotinib, an inhibitor of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)/ROS1, in patients with advanced inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMFT). However, recent findings suggested that other molecular targets in addition to ALK/ROS1 might also contribute to the sensitivity of this kinase inhibitor. We therefore performed an in-depth molecular characterization of archival IMFT tissue, collected from patients enrolled in this trial, with the aim to identify other molecular alterations that could play a role in the response to crizotinib. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Twenty-four archival IMFT samples were used for histopathological assessment and DNA/RNA evaluation to identify gene fusions, copy-number alterations (CNA), and mutations in the tumor tissue. Results were correlated with clinical parameters to assess a potential association between molecular findings and clinical outcomes. RESULTS: We found 12 ALK fusions with 11 different partners in ALK-positive IMFT cases by Archer analysis whereas we did not identify any ROS1-rearranged tumor. One ALK-negative patient responding to crizotinib was found to have an ETV6-NTRK fusion in the tumor specimen. The CNA profile and mutational landscape of IMFT revealed extensive molecular heterogeneity. Loss of chromosome 19 (25% of cases) and PIK3CA mutations (9% of cases) were associated with shorter progression-free survival in patients receiving crizotinib. CONCLUSIONS: We identified multiple genetic alterations in archival IMFT material and provide further insight into the molecular profile of this ultra-rare, heterogeneous malignancy, which may potentially translate into novel treatment approaches for this orphan disease.

18.
Eur J Cancer ; 156: 12-23, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392187

RESUMO

PURPOSE: European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) 90101 (CREATE) was a prospective, multicentric, non-randomised, open-label phase II basket trial to assess the efficacy and safety of crizotinib in patients with different types of cancers, including advanced inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour (IMT) with or without anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangements. Here, we report updated results with long-term follow-up. PATIENTS/METHODS: After central reference pathology, eligible ALK-positive and ALK-negative patients with advanced/metastatic IMT deemed incurable with surgery, radiotherapy or systemic therapy received oral crizotinib 250 mg twice daily. The ALK status was assessed centrally using immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridisation. The primary end-point was the proportion of patients who achieved an objective response (i.e. complete or partial response). If ≥6 ALK-positive patients achieved a confirmed response, the trial would be deemed successful. RESULTS: At data cut-off on 28th January 2021, we performed the final analysis of this trial. Of the 20 eligible and treated patients (19 of whom were evaluable for efficacy), with a median follow-up of 50 months, five were still on crizotinib treatment (4/12 ALK-positive and 1/8 ALK-negative patients). The updated objective response rate (ORR) was 66.7% (95% confidence interval [CI] 34.9-90.1%) in ALK-positive patients and 14.3% (95% CI 0.0-57.9%) in ALK-negative patients. In the ALK-positive and ALK-negative patients, the median progression-free survival was 18.0 months (95% CI 4.0-NE) and 14.3 months (95% CI 1.2-31.1), respectively; 3-year overall survival rates were 83.3% (95% CI 48.2-95.6) and 34.3% (95% CI 4.8-68.5). Safety results were consistent with previously reported data. CONCLUSION: These updated results confirm previous findings that crizotinib is effective, with durable responses, in patients with locally advanced or metastatic ALK-positive IMT. With further follow-up after the original primary analysis, the ORR increased, as patients derived long-term benefit and some responses converted from stable disease to partial responses. CLINICAL TRIAL NUMBER: EORTC 90101, NCT01524926.


Assuntos
Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Crizotinibe/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Tecido Muscular/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/genética , Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Crizotinibe/efeitos adversos , Progressão da Doença , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Neoplasias de Tecido Muscular/enzimologia , Neoplasias de Tecido Muscular/genética , Neoplasias de Tecido Muscular/mortalidade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
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