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2.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 2020 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187044

RESUMO

Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) encompasses a heterogenous collection of tumors in which new groups have recently been identified that improved the World Health Organization (WHO) classification. While performing RNA-sequencing in our routine practice, we identified 3 cases of well-differentiated RMS harboring new fusion genes. We also analyzed these tumors through array-comparative genomic hybridization. Clinically, these tumors were deep paraspinal tumors, occurring in neo-nat and young children. The patients underwent resection and adjuvant therapy. At the time of last follow-up (ranging from 12 to 108 mo), they were alive without disease. Histologically, these tumors consisted of well-differentiated rhabdomyoblastic proliferations with nuclear atypia, infiltrative borders, and a specific growth pattern. These tumors harbored new fusion genes involving SRF and either FOXO1 or NCOA1. We compared the expression profiles of these 3 tumors to the expression data of a series of 33 skeletal muscle tumors including embryonal RMSs, alveolar rhandomyosarcomas, RMSs with VGLL2 fusions, RMSs with the myoD1 mutation, EWSR1/FUS-TFCP2 epithelioid and spindle cell RMSs of the bone, and rhabdomyomas with PTCH1 loss. According to clustering analyses, the 3 SRF-fused tumors formed a distinct group with a specific expression profile different from that of the other types of skeletal muscle tumors. Array-comparative genomic hybridization showed a recurrent gain of chromosome 11. These 3 tumors define a new group of RMS associated with a fusion of the SRF gene. FOXO1 rearrangements, usually used to confirm the diagnosis of alveolar RMS and identify poor-outcome RMSs, were identified in a nonalveolar RMS for the first time.

3.
Cancer ; 2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32129883

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment for advanced leiomyosarcoma is still debated. Given histotype-specific prospective controlled data lacking, this study retrospectively evaluated doxorubicin plus dacarbazine, doxorubicin plus ifosfamide, and doxorubicin alone as first-line treatments for advanced/metastatic leiomyosarcoma treated at European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Soft Tissue and Bone Sarcoma Group (EORTC-STBSG) sites. METHODS: The inclusion criteria were a confirmed histological diagnosis, treatment between January 2010 and December 2015, measurable disease (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors 1.1), an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status ≤2, and an age ≥ 18 years. The endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and overall response rate (ORR). PFS was analyzed with methods for interval-censored data. Patients were matched according to their propensity scores, which were estimated with a logistic regression model accounting for histology, grade, age, sex, performance status, tumor site, and tumor extent. RESULTS: Three hundred three patients from 18 EORTC-STBSG sites were identified. One hundred seventeen (39%) received doxorubicin plus dacarbazine, 71 (23%) received doxorubicin plus ifosfamide, and 115 (38%) received doxorubicin. In the 2:1:2 propensity score-matched population (205 patients), the estimated median PFS was 9.2 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 5.2-9.7 months), 8.2 months (95% CI, 5.2-10.1 months), and 4.8 months (95% CI, 2.3-6.0 months) with ORRs of 30.9%, 19.5%, and 25.6% for doxorubicin plus dacarbazine, doxorubicin plus ifosfamide, and doxorubicin alone, respectively. PFS was significantly longer with doxorubicin plus dacarbazine versus doxorubicin (hazard ratio [HR], 0.72; 95% CI, 0.52-0.99). Doxorubicin plus dacarbazine was associated with longer OS (median, 36.8 months; 95% CI, 27.9-47.2 months) in comparison with both doxorubicin plus ifosfamide (median, 21.9 months; 95% CI, 16.7-33.4 months; HR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.40-1.06) and doxorubicin (median, 30.3 months; 95% CI, 21.0-36.3 months; HR, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.43-0.99). Adjusted analyses retained an effect for PFS but not for OS. None of the factors selected for multivariate analysis had a significant interaction with the received treatment for both PFS and OS. CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest retrospective study of first-line treatment for advanced leiomyosarcoma. In the propensity score-matched population, doxorubicin and dacarbazine showed favorable activity in terms of both ORR and PFS and warrants further evaluation in prospective trials.

4.
Cancer Treat Rev ; 86: 101993, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32199197

RESUMO

Regorafenib is an oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) approved for the treatment of refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) previously treated with imatinib and sunitinib, and unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) following progression on sorafenib. Regorafenib was initially approved for mCRC based on improved overall survival (OS) in the randomized, placebo-controlled, phase 3 CORRECT trial, which was confirmed in an expanded population of Asian patients in the randomized, placebo-controlled phase 3 CONCUR trial. Approvals in GIST, and more recently in HCC, were based on the results from the randomized, placebo-controlled, phase 3 GRID and RESORCE trials, respectively. In this review, we provide a comprehensive summary of the clinical evidence for approval of regorafenib in mCRC, GIST, and HCC, present emerging evidence of regorafenib activity in other tumor types (namely, gastroesophageal cancer, sarcomas, biliary tract cancer, and glioblastoma), and discuss trials in progress within the context of regorafenib's mechanism of action. We describe recent advances and key lessons learned with regorafenib, including the importance of managing common drug-related toxicities using dose-optimization strategies, the search for biomarkers to predict response to treatment, and highlight some of the unaddressed questions and future directions for regorafenib across tumors.

5.
Int J Cancer ; 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32212266

RESUMO

In humans, histiocytic sarcoma (HS) is an aggressive cancer involving histiocytes. Its rarity and heterogeneity explain that treatment remains a challenge. Sharing high clinical and histopathological similarities with human HS, the canine HS is conversely frequent in specific breeds and thus constitutes a unique spontaneous model for human HS to decipher the genetic bases and to explore therapeutic options. We identified sequence alterations in the MAPK pathway in at least 63.9% (71/111) of HS cases with mutually exclusive BRAF (0.9%; 1/111), KRAS (7.2%; 8/111) and PTPN11 (56.75%; 63/111) mutations concentrated at hotspots common to human cancers. Recurrent PTPN11 mutations are associated to visceral disseminated HS subtype in dogs, the most aggressive clinical presentation. We then identified PTPN11 mutations in 3/19 (15.7%) human HS patients. Thus, we propose PTPN11 mutations as key events for a specific subset of human and canine HS: the visceral disseminated form. Finally, by testing drugs targeting the MAPK pathway in eight canine HS cell lines, we identified a better anti-proliferation activity of MEK inhibitors than PTPN11 inhibitors in canine HS neoplastic cells. In combination, these results illustrate the relevance of naturally affected dogs in deciphering genetic mechanisms and selecting efficient targeted therapies for such rare and aggressive cancers in humans. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

6.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 117, 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32050939

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brain metastases from sarcomatous lesions pose a management challenge owing to their rarity and the histopathological heterogeneity. Prognostic indices such as the Graded Prognostic Assessment (GPA) index have been developed for several primary tumour types presenting with brain metastases (e.g. lung, breast, melanoma), tailored to the specifics of different primary histologies and molecular profiles. Thus far, a prognostic index to direct treatment decisions is lacking for adult sarcoma patients with brain metastases. METHODS: We performed a multicentre analysis of a national group of expert sarcoma tertiary centres (French Sarcoma Group, GSF-GETO) with the participation of one Canadian and one Swiss centre. The study cohort included adult patients with a diagnosis of a bone or soft tissue sarcoma presenting parenchymal or meningeal brain metastases, managed between January 1992 and March 2012. We assessed the validity of the original GPA index in this patient population and developed a disease-specific Sarcoma-GPA index. RESULTS: The original GPA index is not prognostic for sarcoma brain metastasis patients. We have developed a dedicated Sarcoma-GPA index that identifies a sub-group of patients with particularly favourable prognosis based on histology, number of brain lesions and performance status. CONCLUSIONS: The Sarcoma-GPA index provides a novel tool for sarcoma oncologists to guide clinical decision-making and outcomes research.

7.
JAMA Oncol ; 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32077895

RESUMO

Importance: Active therapeutic combinations, such as trabectedin and radiotherapy, offer potentially higher dimensional response in second-line treatment of advanced soft-tissue sarcomas. Dimensional response can be relevant both for symptom relief and for survival. Objective: To assess the combined use of trabectedin and radiotherapy in treating patients with progressing metastatic soft-tissue sarcomas. Design, Setting, and Participants: Phase 1 of this nonrandomized clinical trial followed the classic 3 + 3 design, with planned radiotherapy at a fixed dose of 30 Gy (3 Gy/d for 10 days) and infusion of trabectedin at 1.3 mg/m2 as the starting dose, 1.5 mg/m2 as dose level +1, and 1.1 mg/m2 as dose level -1. Phase 2 followed the Simon optimal 2-stage design. Allowing for type I and II errors of 10%, treatment success was defined as an overall response rate of 35%. This study was conducted in 9 sarcoma referral centers in Spain, France, and Italy from April 13, 2015, to November 20, 2018. Adult patients with progressing metastatic soft-tissue sarcoma and having undergone at least 1 previous line of systemic therapy were enrolled. In phase 2, patients fitting inclusion criteria and receiving at least 1 cycle of trabectedin and the radiotherapy regimen constituted the per-protocol population; those receiving at least 1 cycle of trabectedin, the safety population. Interventions: Trabectedin was administered every 3 weeks in a 24-hour infusion. Radiotherapy was required to start within 1 hour after completion of the first trabectedin infusion (cycle 1, day 2). Main Outcomes and Measures: The dose-limiting toxic effects of trabectedin (phase 1) and the overall response rate (phase 2) with use of trabectedin plus irradiation in metastatic soft-tissue sarcomas. Results: Eighteen patients (11 of whom were male) were enrolled in phase 1, and 27 other patients (14 of whom were female) were enrolled in phase 2. The median ages of those enrolled in phases 1 and 2 were 42 (range, 23-74) years and 51 (range, 27-73) years, respectively. In phase 1, dose-limiting toxic effects included grade 4 neutropenia lasting more than 5 days in 1 patient at the starting dose level and a grade 4 alanine aminotransferase level increase in 1 of 6 patients at the +1 dose level. In phase 2, among 25 patients with evaluable data, the overall response rate was 72% (95% CI, 53%-91%) for local assessment and 60% (95% CI, 39%-81%) for central assessment. Conclusions and Relevance: The findings of this study suggest that the recommended dose of trabectedin for use in combination with this irradiation regimen is 1.5 mg/m2. The trial met its primary end point, with a high overall response rate that indicates the potential of this combination therapy for achieving substantial tumor shrinkage beyond first-line systemic therapy in patients with metastatic, progressing soft-tissue sarcomas. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02275286.

8.
Cancer Discov ; 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029534

RESUMO

BRAF V600 mutations occur in a wide range of tumor types and RAF inhibition has become standard in several of these cancers. Despite this progress, BRAF V600 mutations have historically been considered a clear demonstration of tumor lineage context-dependent oncogene addiction, based predominantly on the insensitivity of RAF inhibition in colorectal cancer. However, the true broader activity of RAF inhibition pan-cancer remains incompletely understood. To address this, we conducted a multi-cohort 'basket' study of the BRAF inhibitor vemurafenib in non-melanoma BRAF V600 mutation-positive solid tumors. In total, 172 patients with 26 unique cancer types were treated, achieving an overall response rate of 33% and median duration of response of 13 months. Responses were observed in 13 unique cancer types, including historically treatment-refractory tumors such as cholangiocarcinoma, sarcoma, glioma, neuroendocrine carcinoma, and salivary gland carcinomas. Collectively, these data demonstrate that single-agent BRAF inhibition has broader clinical activity than previously recognized.

9.
Lancet Oncol ; 21(3): 456-466, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32066540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Solitary fibrous tumour is an ultra-rare sarcoma, which encompasses different clinicopathological subgroups. The dedifferentiated subgroup shows an aggressive course with resistance to pazopanib, whereas in the malignant subgroup, pazopanib shows higher activity than in previous studies with chemotherapy. We designed a trial to test pazopanib activity in two different cohorts of solitary fibrous tumour: the malignant-dedifferentiated cohort, which was previously published, and the typical cohort, which is presented here. METHODS: In this single-arm, phase 2 trial, adult patients (aged ≥18 years) diagnosed with confirmed metastatic or unresectable typical solitary fibrous tumour of any location, who had progressed in the previous 6 months (by Choi criteria or Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST]) and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2 were enrolled at 11 tertiary hospitals in Italy, France, and Spain. Patients received pazopanib 800 mg once daily, taken orally, until progression, unacceptable toxicity, withdrawal of consent, non-compliance, or a delay in pazopanib administration of longer than 3 weeks. The primary endpoint was proportion of patients achieving an overall response measured by Choi criteria in patients who received at least 1 month of treatment with at least one radiological assessment. All patients who received at least one dose of the study drug were included in the safety analyses. This study is registered in ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02066285, and with the European Clinical Trials Database, EudraCT 2013-005456-15. FINDINGS: From June 26, 2014, to Dec 13, 2018, of 40 patients who were assessed, 34 patients were enrolled and 31 patients were included in the response analysis. Median follow-up was 18 months (IQR 14-34), and 18 (58%) of 31 patients had a partial response, 12 (39%) had stable disease, and one (3%) showed progressive disease according to Choi criteria and central review. The proportion of overall response based on Choi criteria was 58% (95% CI 34-69). There were no deaths caused by toxicity, and the most frequent adverse events were diarrhoea (18 [53%] of 34 patients), fatigue (17 [50%]), and hypertension (17 [50%]). INTERPRETATION: To our knowledge, this is the first prospective trial of pazopanib for advanced typical solitary fibrous tumour. The manageable toxicity and activity shown by pazopanib in this cohort suggest that this drug could be considered as first-line treatment for advanced typical solitary fibrous tumour. FUNDING: Spanish Group for Research on Sarcomas (GEIS), Italian Sarcoma Group (ISG), French Sarcoma Group (FSG), GlaxoSmithKline, and Novartis.

10.
Lancet Oncol ; 21(3): 446-455, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32078813

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with Ewing sarcoma or osteosarcoma have a median overall survival of less than 12 months after diagnosis, and a standard treatment strategy has not yet been established. Pharmacological inhibition of MET signalling and aberrant angiogenesis has shown promising results in several preclinical models of Ewing sarcoma and osteosarcoma. We aimed to investigate the activity of cabozantinib, an inhibitor of MET and VEGFR2, in patients with advanced Ewing sarcoma and osteosarcoma. METHODS: We did a multicentre, single-arm, two-stage, phase 2 trial in patients with advanced Ewing sarcoma or osteosarcoma recruited from ten centres in the French Sarcoma Group. Key eligibility criteria were aged 12 years or older, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-1, and documented disease progression (according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1) before study entry. The number of previous lines of treatment was not limited. Patients received cabozantinib (adults 60 mg, children [<16 years] 40 mg/m2) orally once daily in 28-day cycles until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, the investigator's decision to discontinue, or participant withdrawal. The primary endpoint for Ewing sarcoma was best objective response within 6 months of treatment onset; for osteosarcoma, a dual primary endpoint of 6-month objective response and 6-month non-progression was assessed. All enrolled patients who received at least one dose of cabozantinib were included in the safety analysis, and all participants who received at least one complete or two incomplete treatment cycles were included in the efficacy population. This study was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02243605. FINDINGS: Between April 16, 2015, and July 12, 2018, 90 patients (45 with Ewing sarcoma 45 with osteosarcoma) were recruited to the study. Median follow-up was 31·3 months (95% CI 12·4-35·4) for patients with Ewing sarcoma and 31·1 months (24·4-31·7) for patients with osteosarcoma. 39 (87%) patients with Ewing sarcoma and 42 (93%) patients with osteosarcoma were assessable for efficacy after histological and radiological review. In patients with Ewing sarcoma, ten (26%; 95% CI 13-42) of 39 patients had an objective response (all partial responses) by 6 months; in patients with osteosarcoma, five (12%; 4-26) of 42 patients had an objective response (all partial responses) and 14 (33%; 20-50) had 6-month non-progression. The most common grade 3 or 4 adverse events were hypophosphataemia (five [11%] for Ewing sarcoma, three [7%] for osteosarcoma), aspartate aminotransferase increase (two [4%] for Ewing sarcoma, three [7%] for osteosarcoma), palmar-plantar syndrome (three [7%] for Ewing sarcoma, two [4%] for osteosarcoma), pneumothorax (one [2%] for Ewing sarcoma, four [9%] for osteosarcoma), and neutropenia (two [4%] for Ewing sarcoma, four [9%] for osteosarcoma). At least one serious adverse event was reported in 61 (68%) of 90 patients. No patients died from drug-related toxic effects. INTERPRETATION: Cabozantinib has antitumor activity in patients with advanced Ewing sarcoma and osteosarcoma and was generally well tolerated. Cabozantinib could represent a new therapeutic option in this setting, and deserves further investigation. FUNDING: Institut Bergonié; French National Cancer Institute; Association pour la Recherche contre le Cancer.

12.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31989361

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal threshold of surgical margins for breast malignant phyllodes tumors (MPTs) and the impact of adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy were investigated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a multicenter nationwide retrospective study of all MPT cases with central pathological review within the French Sarcoma Group. Endpoints were local recurrence-free survival (LRFS), metastasis-free survival (MFS), and overall survival (OS) rates. RESULTS: Overall, 212 patients were included in the study. All non-metastatic patients underwent primary surgical treatment, including 58.6% of conservative surgeries. An R0 resection was achieved in 117 patients (59.4%: 26.9% of patients with 1-2 mm margins, 12.2% of patients with 3-7 mm margins, 20.3% of patients with ≥ 8 mm margins). Ninety-four patients (45%) underwent a second surgery (SS) to obtain R0 margins, with a final mastectomy rate of 72.6%. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy were performed in 91 (43.1%) and 23 patients (10.9%), respectively, but were not associated with better outcomes. Mastectomy was significantly associated with better LRFS (p < 0.001). Margins of 0, 1, or 2 mm with SS were associated with better MFS (hazard ratio [HR] 0.3, p = 0.005) and OS (HR 0.32, p = 0.005) compared with margins of 0-1-2 mm without SS. Wider margins (> 8 mm) were not superior to margins of 3-7 mm (3-7 mm vs. > 8 mm; HR 0.81, p = 0.69). Age (HR 2.14, p = 0.038) and tumor necrosis (HR 1.96, p = 0.047) were found to be poor prognostic factors and were associated with MFS. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that 3 mm margins are necessary and sufficient for surgical management of MPTs, and emphasizes the importance of SS to obtain clear margins in case of 0-1-2 mm margins. No impact of adjuvant chemotherapy or radiotherapy was detected in this study.

13.
Eur J Cancer ; 126: 45-55, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918233

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metastatic soft tissue sarcomas (STSs) management remains an unmet medical need. We assessed the activity and safety of regorafenib in patients with metastatic non-adipocytic STS who were previously treated with both chemotherapy and pazopanib. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter comparative randomized phase II trial included patients with histologically proven advanced and inoperable STS. Patients receiving placebo were offered optional cross-over for centrally confirmed disease progression. Primary end-point was centrally reviewed Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours-based progression-free survival (PFS), analysed on the intent-to-treat data set. In total, 24 events were required for 90% power, hazard ratio (HR) = 0.33 (median PFS, 3.6 versus 1.2 months), and 1-sided α = 0.1 (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01900743). RESULTS: From December 2015 to October 2017, 37 patients were randomized; 18 to regorafenib and 19 to placebo. Thirteen patients assigned to placebo switched to regorafenib after progression. Median follow-up was 27.2 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 24.4-not reached). We observed a significant PFS benefit of regorafenib compared with placebo (adjusted HR = 0.33; 95% CI: 0.15-0.74; p = 0.0007 median PFS = 2.1 versus 1.1 months, respectively), and a large and nearly significant overall survival (OS) benefit despite the cross-over (adjusted HR = 0.49; 95% CI: 0.23-1.06; p = 0.007; median OS = 17.8 versus 8.2 months). Before cross-over, the most common grade III or higher adverse events were lymphopenia (5 versus 1, respectively), diarrhoea (4 versus 0), dyspnoea (3 versus 1), skin toxicity (3 versus 0), arterial hypertension (2 versus 0), and increased transaminases (2 versus 0). CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrated a meaningful clinical anti-tumour activity with regorafenib in heavily pre-treated patients with non-adipocytic STS.

14.
J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol ; 9(1): 90-95, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663803

RESUMO

Purpose: Treatment of pediatric cancers and hematological malignancies requires long periods of isolation in a sterile room. To promote family connections, telepresence robots have been made available in the homes of hospitalized patients. Our aim was to evaluate the perceived benefits and difficulties encountered by users and their families in terms of family dynamics. We also evaluated the presence of the robot on the medical caregivers' therapeutic relationship and organization of daily care. Methods: An observational study was undertaken with semistructured face-to-face interviews of 17 patients (aged 7 to 25 years) and their parents conducted by a psychologist on day +15 after provision of the robot and then after the patients had gone home, as well as face-to-face interviews of 15 caregivers by a philosopher before the robots were made available and at day +21. Results: One of the main perceived benefits expressed by the patients was maintenance of a connection with their siblings and retention of their role in the family. For parents, the device provided reassurance of being able to stay in touch with their child. The nursing staff indicated that the devices allowed them to develop more than a professional relationship with the child and to interact with their extended family. Limitations of the virtual nature of the nursing staff/family relationship were also noted, such as potential frustration for patients when they witness things that they cannot access and a degree of concern for the parents during periods of disconnection. Conclusions: This study revealed an overall perceived benefit for patients, their families, and caregivers. It also highlighted relevant issues and it provides guidelines for broader application of such devices.

15.
Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol ; 43(1): 110-119, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471720

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cryoablation is being more and more often used to treat desmoid tumors. We report our experience of cryoablation as a local and analgesic treatment for inoperable or recurring desmoid tumors. METHODS: This study includes 34 patients who underwent percutaneous cryoablation of 41 desmoid tumors between July 2012 and September 2016. All patients underwent pain assessment using a visual analog scale (VAS) and preoperative imaging. All cryoablation procedures were performed using the same cryoablation system. Patients received clinical and radiological follow-up at 6 months post-procedure, with pain-rating and adverse events being recorded. A long-term follow-up was achieved until 31 December 2018. Disease-free survival at 3 years was also recorded. Radiological tumor response was determined by tumor measurements using RECIST 1.1. RESULTS: Twelve patients benefitted from curative treatment on 100% of the tumor volume, but 22 patients received debulking treatment because of the risk of neighboring structures. Two patients had a postoperative hematoma grade 2 of the CIRSE classification system for complications, and two patients had grade 4 complications involving palsy of the common fibular nerve. Disease-free survival at 3 years was 42.2%. The mean VAS pain scores were 5.7 and 2.4 at pretreatment and 6 months, respectively, showing a mean reduction of 3.3 (p < 0.001). At 6 months, all measured tumor dimensions were significantly lower than pretreatment. CONCLUSION: Cryoablation is an effective therapeutic option for the local treatment and for the analgesic management of desmoid tumors.

17.
Eur J Cancer ; 125: 58-68, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838406

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of high-dose chemotherapy in relapsing osteosarcomas has not been established. We evaluated the efficacy and tolerance of high-dose thiotepa (HDTp) after standard chemotherapy (SCT) in patients with relapsed osteosarcoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This randomised open-label phase II study enrolled patients 1-50 years, with local or metastatic relapse of a high-grade osteosarcoma, not progressive after two cycles of SCT, for whom a complete surgery can be achievable following treatment. The trial assigned enrolled patients in a 1:1 ratio to receive two additional courses of SCT + HDTp and autologous transplantation (Arm A), or SCT alone (Arm B). Surgery for complete resection was scheduled as soon as feasible. Primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). Secondary objectives included progression-free survival (PFS) and safety. RESULTS: From September 2009 to November 2016, 44 patients were randomised (A:22; B:22). In total, 54.5% were males, and the median age was 16 years (9-32years). The two-year OS rate was 66.7% (95% CI 42.5-82.5) (SCT + HDTp, Arm A) versus 50.0% (95% CI 28.2-68.4) for SCT alone (Arm B). Median OS was 27.4 and 24.8 months, respectively (hazard ratio [HR] 0.826, 95% CI 0.393-1.734; p = 0.6123). Median PFS was 15.6 (8.9-24.9) months in Arm A versus 7.2 (4.8-33.3) months in Arm B, p = 0.3845. Among the 22 patients treated with SCT + HDTp, 16 (72.7%) experienced at least one grade ≥3 adverse events versus 18/22 (81.8%) patients treated with SCT. No toxic death occurred. CONCLUSION: Adjuvant HDTp failed to significantly improve OS and PFS in resectable relapsed osteosarcomas. Despite a trend of prolonged survival and an acceptable toxicity, thiotepa cannot be recommended. KEY MESSAGE: HDTp and autologous transplantation added to SCT did not improve OS and PFS in patients with resectable relapsed osteosarcomas. Despite a trend of prolonged survival, thiotepa cannot be recommended.

18.
Int J Cancer ; 146(2): 413-423, 2020 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31246277

RESUMO

In the OS2006 study, patients younger than 18 years were treated with a methotrexate-based regimen (MTX), patients older than 25 years with a doxorubicin-cisplatin-ifosfamide-based regimen (API-AI), whereas patients aged 18-25 years received either API-AI or MTX. We herein report the prespecified subgroup analysis of the outcome of 106 patients treated with API-AI. Preoperative chemotherapy combined three doxorubicin-ifosfamide-cisplatin (API) and two doxorubicin-ifosfamide (AI) courses. Postoperative chemotherapy was assigned by risk group: localised patients with a good histological response (<10% viable cells) received two AI and two cisplatin-ifosfamide (PI) courses; patients with synchronous metastases, poor histological response or unresectable primary received five cycles of etoposide-ifosfamide (EI). Of the 106 patients, 61 were randomised to receive or not zoledronate. Median age was 30 years (range 18-67), 66 (62%) patients were >25 years. The primary tumours were axial in 28 patients (26%), and 28 (26%) presented with metastases. Ninety-six patients (91%) had surgery, conservative in 82 (85%); 36 patients (38%, 95% CI 28-48%) were good responders. Toxicity was manageable, with no significant difference in severe acute toxicity between patients aged >25 years and those younger. With a median follow-up of 4.8 years, the 5-year event-free survival and overall survival rates were 46% (95% CI 36-56) and 57% (95% CI 47-67), respectively. The primary tumour size and initial metastases correlated with a higher risk of event. In these 106 osteosarcoma adult patients, API-AI proved feasible with no excess of toxicity, and favourable activity despite poor-prognosis factors.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Ósseas/terapia , Osteossarcoma/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Ósseas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Esquema de Medicação , Etoposídeo/administração & dosagem , Etoposídeo/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Ifosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ifosfamida/efeitos adversos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Metotrexato/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/efeitos adversos , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Osteossarcoma/mortalidade , Osteossarcoma/patologia , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem , Ácido Zoledrônico/administração & dosagem , Ácido Zoledrônico/efeitos adversos
19.
Future Oncol ; 16(1): 4251-4264, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31755321

RESUMO

Ripretinib (DCC-2618) is a novel, type II tyrosine switch control inhibitor designed to broadly inhibit activating and drug-resistant mutations in KIT and PDGFRA. Ripretinib has emerged as a promising investigational agent for the treatment of gastrointestinal stromal tumor owing to targeted inhibition of secondary resistance mutations that may develop following treatment with prior line(s) of tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Here we describe the rationale and design of intrigue (NCT03673501), a global, randomized (1:1), open-label, Phase III study comparing the safety and efficacy of ripretinib versus sunitinib in patients with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumor following imatinib. The primary end point is progression-free survival and key secondary objectives include objective response rate and overall survival. Clinical Trial Registration: NCT03673501.

20.
Cancer ; 126(1): 98-104, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31536651

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intimal sarcoma (InS) is an exceedingly rare neoplasm with an unfavorable prognosis, for which new potentially active treatments are under development. We report on the activity of anthracycline-based regimens, gemcitabine-based regimens, and pazopanib in patients with InS. METHODS: Seventeen sarcoma reference centers in Europe, the United States, and Japan contributed data to this retrospective analysis. Patients with MDM2-positive InS who were treated with anthracycline-based regimens, gemcitabine-based regimens, or pazopanib between October 2001 and January 2018 were selected. Local pathological review was performed to confirm diagnosis. Response was assessed by RECIST1.1. Recurrence-free survival (RFS), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival were computed by Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: Seventy-two patients were included (66 anthracycline-based regimens; 26 gemcitabine-based regimens; 12 pazopanib). In the anthracycline-based group, 24 (36%) patients were treated for localized disease, and 42 (64%) patients were treated for advanced disease. The real-world overall response rate (rwORR) was 38%. For patients with localized disease, the median RFS was 14.6 months. For patients with advanced disease, the median PFS was 7.7 months. No anthracycline-related cardiac toxicity was reported in patients with cardiac InS (n = 26). For gemcitabine and pazopanib, the rwORR was 8%, and the median PFS was 3.2 and 3.7 months, respectively. CONCLUSION: This retrospective series shows the activity of anthracycline-based regimens in InS. Of note, anthracyclines were used in patients with cardiac InS with no significant cardiac toxicity. The prognosis in patients with InS remains poor, and new active drugs and treatment strategies are needed.

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