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1.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(16): 1606-1617, 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439340

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate SAPIEN 3 (S3) (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, California) positioning using different strategies. BACKGROUND: Aortic valve-in-valve (ViV) is associated with high risk of elevated gradients. METHODS: S3 aortic ViV procedures in stented bioprostheses were studied. Transcatheter heart valve (THV) positioning was analyzed in a centralized core lab blinded to clinical outcomes. A combined endpoint of severely elevated mean gradient (≥30 mm Hg) or pacemaker need was established. Two positioning strategies were compared: central marker method and top of S3 method. Optimal final depth was defined as S3 depth ≤20%. RESULTS: A total of 113 patients met inclusion criteria and were analyzed (76.5 ± 9.7 years of age, 65.8% male, STS score 8 ± 7.6%). THVs had incomplete shortening in comparison to fully expanded valves (92 ± 3.4%), and expansion was more complete in optimal positioning cases compared with others (93.2 ± 2.7% vs. 91.5 ± 3.5%; p = 0.027). The central marker method demonstrated greater correlation with final implantation depth than the top of S3 method (R2 of 0.48 and 0.14; p < 0.001 and p = 0.001, respectively). The combined endpoint rate was 4.3% in the optimal (higher than 3 mm) implantation group, 12% in the intermediate group, and 50% in the low group (p < 0.001). There were no cases of THV embolization. In cases with central marker higher than 3 mm, 72.4% had optimal final depth. In those with central marker higher than 6 mm, 90% had optimal final depth. CONCLUSIONS: Optimal S3 positioning in aortic ViV is associated with better outcomes. Central marker positioning is more reliable than top of S3 positioning. Central marker bottom position should be 3 mm to 6 mm above the ring.

2.
Heart Lung Circ ; 2019 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31182269

RESUMO

AIM: Psoas muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) is a proposed marker of frailty associated with mortality after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). We assessed the impact of psoas CSA on medium-term mortality over 5 years in a large cohort, adjusted for pre-procedural variables. METHOD: This single-centre registry-derived analysis assessed 1,731 consecutive TAVI patients between 2007 and 31 April 2015 with available abdominal computed tomography scans. Sex-stratified, height-adjusted psoas CSA was measured mid-body of the fourth lumbar vertebra. Kaplan-Meier survival distributions across psoas CSA quartiles were compared. Cox and logistic regression models were used to assess baseline variables associated with the primary outcome, which was mortality within 5 years. RESULTS: Median age was 81 years (interquartile range, 77 - 85); 52.5% were women. The primary end point occurred in 555 patients over a mean follow-up of 775 days. Lower psoas CSA quartile patients were older, had a lower body mass index, lower creatinine clearance, and lower rates of previous cardiac surgery, with higher rates of diabetes, coronary artery disease, pacemaker, anaemia, hypoalbuminaemia, and higher European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation. Unadjusted survival by psoas CSA quartile was significantly different in men (log rank p=0.041) but not women (p=0.099). In Bonferroni-adjusted multivariate analysis, psoas CSA quartiles were not significantly associated with mortality. Hypoalbuminaemia (hazard ratio [HR], 2.10; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.53 - 2.87 [p<0.001]) and increasing age (HR, 1.03 per year; 95% CI, 1.01 - 1.05 [p=0.002]) were associated with increased risk; female sex (HR, 0.63; 95% CI 0.51 - 0.78 [p<0.001]), and hypercholesterolaemia (HR, 0.67; 95%, CI 0.54 0.83 [p<0.001]) with reduced risk. CONCLUSIONS: Psoas CSA was not significantly associated with mortality after adjusting for pre-procedural variables. Hypoalbuminaemia, sex, hypercholesterolaemia, and age were significantly associated with mortality after TAVI.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31199470

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of new pacemaker implantation (NPMI) after surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) and transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), and investigate its influence on 1-year mortality. METHODS: Patients who were enrolled in 'The German Aortic Valve Registry' undergoing isolated TAVR or SAVR between 2011 and 2015 were analysed. The rate of NPMI was analysed for both groups and multivariable Cox regression analysis was performed to investigate the possible independent association between NPMI and 1-year mortality. RESULTS: Twenty thousand eight hundred and seventy-two patients who underwent TAVR and 17 750 patients who received SAVR were included in this study. The rate of NPMI was 16.6% after TAVR and 3.6% after SAVR. In the TAVR group, NPMI was associated with significantly increased 1-year mortality in univariable Cox regression analysis [hazard ratio (HR) 1.29, confidence interval (CI) 1.18-1.41; P < 0.001]. This association persisted after adjustment for confounding factors (HR 1.29, CI 1.16-1.43; P < 0.001). In the SAVR group, NPMI significantly increased 1-year mortality in univariable analysis as well (HR 1.55, CI 1.08-2.22; P = 0.02), whereas after multivariable adjustment, NPMI did not emerge as an independent risk factor (HR 1.29, 0.88-1.89; P = 0.19). NPMI was not associated with 30-day mortality in both procedure groups. CONCLUSIONS: The rate of NPMI was markedly higher after TAVR compared with SAVR and was independently associated with 1-year mortality after TAVR, whereas this was not significant after SAVR. As 30-day mortality was not different for TAVR and SAVR, the subsequent procedure of an NPMI itself seems not to increase the risk of mortality.

4.
Can J Cardiol ; 35(9): 1114-1123, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202537

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has a negative impact on outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Data on outcomes in renal transplant recipients (RTRs) undergoing TAVR are scarce. We compared the outcomes in RTRs undergoing TAVR with matched patients who have native kidneys and similar kidney function. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used data from 16 TAVR centres (13,941 patients). The study cohort included 216 patients (72 RTRs and 144 matched controls). RESULTS: The mean estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was 39.2 ± 23.6 vs 44.5 ± 23.6 mL/min for RTRs and control patients (P = 0.149), with a similar CKD stage distribution. After TAVR, the eGFR declined among RTRs but remained stable for up to 1 year in controls (P = 0.021). Long-term hemodialysis was required in 19 (26.4%) RTRs and 20 (13.8%) controls (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.09 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03-3.86; P = 0.039) and was most often initiated during the periprocedural period (14 RTRs vs 16 controls; P = 0.039). After a median follow-up of 2.3 years, risk of death (29.2% vs 31.9%) and death/hemodialysis (40.3% vs 36.8%) was similar between the groups. The contrast volume/eGFR ratio was the strongest predictor of hemodialysis initiation (odds ratio [OR] = 1.64; 95% CI, 1.36-1.97 per 1 unit increase; P < 0.001), with a greater effect among RTRs than controls (P for interaction = 0.022). CONCLUSION: s: TAVR appears safe in RTRs with mortality rates similar to matched patients with native kidneys. However, RTRs carry an increased risk of progressive renal impairment and need for hemodialysis initiation after TAVR. Our data highlight the importance of minimizing contrast load during TAVR, particularly in RTRs.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31091551

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a growing use of cerebral protection devices in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). We aimed to analyze if the use of these devices itself has an impact on the complexity and the risk of TAVR. METHODS: Between February 2016 and July 2017, 391 patients underwent transfemoral TAVR with Medtronic CoreValve Evolut R (n = 196) or Edwards Sapien 3 (n = 195). In 39 patients, the Claret Sentinel™ embolic protection device (CS-EPD) was used. Prospectively collected data were retrospectively analyzed, comparing fluoroscopy/operation time, amount of contrast used, vascular events, and postprocedural renal function in TAVR patients with (n = 39) and without (n = 352) CS-EPD. RESULTS: The CS-EPD was placed through the right radial (n = 35) or brachial (n = 4) artery. Procedural success rate defined as correct deployment and retraction of both filters was 94.9%. No device-related vascular complications occurred. TAVR patients with CS-EPD showed a significantly higher total operation time, total fluoroscopy time, and amount of used contrast (85.4 ± 39.3 vs. 64 ± 29.8 minutes, p = 0.002; 20.7 ± 9.3 vs. 13.7 ± 7 minutes, p ≤ 0.001; 133.7 ± 42.6 vs. 109.7 ± 44.5 mL, p = 0.001). Comparing the initial third of patients receiving a CS-EPD with the last third of CS-EPD cases, procedural time had decreased significantly (102.5 ± 34.9 vs. 67 ± 11.9; p = 0.002). There were no differences in postprocedural renal failure (p = 0.80). CONCLUSION: Our data add evidence that the application of the CS-EPD is not associated with an additional risk for the patient. Although procedural time and amount of contrast are still higher when using the CS-EPD, there were no device-related complications or increased incidence of renal failure.

7.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 93(6): 1116-1123, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30773838

RESUMO

AIMS: Patients with bicuspid valves represent a challenging anatomical subgroup for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). This analysis evaluated the clinical outcomes of the fully repositionable and retrievable Lotus Valve System in patients with bicuspid aortic valves enrolled in the RESPOND post-market registry. METHODS AND RESULTS: The prospective, open-label RESPOND study enrolled 1,014 patients at 41 centers in Europe, New Zealand, and Latin America, 31 (3.1%) of whom had bicuspid aortic valves. The mean age in the bicuspid patient cohort was 76.4 years, 64.5% were male, and the baseline STS score was 6.0 ± 10.2. Procedural success was 100%, with no cases of malpositioning, valve migration, embolization, or valve-in-valve. Repositioning was attempted in 10 cases (32.3%). There was one death (3.2%) and one stroke (3.2%) at 30-day follow-up. Mean AV gradient was reduced from 48.7 ± 17.0 mmHg at baseline to 11.8 ± 5.1 mmHg at hospital discharge (P < 0.001); mean effective orifice area (EOA) was increased from 0.6 ± 0.2 cm2 to 1.7 ± 0.4 cm2 (P < 0.001). There were no cases of moderate or severe paravalvular leak (PVL) adjudicated by the core laboratory; four subjects (13.8%) had mild PVL, 5 (17.2%) had trace PVL. The rate of pacemaker (PM) implantation for PM-naïve patients was 22.2% (6/27). CONCLUSIONS: Data from the RESPOND registry demonstrate good clinical and echocardiographic outcomes up to 1 year postimplantation in patients with bicuspid aortic valves using the repositionable Lotus Valve.

8.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(1): 38-49, 2019 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30621976

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to evaluate 1-year clinical outcomes with the Lotus valve (Boston Scientific, Marlborough, Massachusetts) in a large international, multicenter prospective registry including patients eligible for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) based on heart team consensus. BACKGROUND: TAVR is a safe and effective treatment for severe aortic valve stenosis; however, limited data are available on TAVR with the repositionable and fully retrievable Lotus valve in unrestricted contemporary clinical practice. METHODS: The RESPOND (Repositionable Lotus Valve System-Post-Market Evaluation of Real World Clinical Outcomes) study enrolled 1,014 patients; 996 patients were implanted with the Lotus valve (mean age 80.8 years, 50.8% female, mean STS score 6.0 ± 6.9%). The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality in the intent-to-treat population at 30 days and 1 year. An Extension cohort of 50 patients was treated with the Lotus valve with Depth Guard including a modified delivery system. Mortality and stroke were independently adjudicated. An independent core laboratory assessed echocardiographic data. RESULTS: One-year clinical follow-up was available for 99.9% of Lotus valve-treated patients. At 1 year, the all-cause mortality rate was 11.7% and 4.1% of patients had experienced a disabling stroke. The permanent pacemaker implantation rate was 32% (37% among pacemaker-naive patients). Echocardiographic data at 1 year were available for core laboratory assessment in 62.6% of patients. Paravalvular leak was absent or trace in 94.5%, mild in 5.1%, and moderate in 0.4% of patients. Data from the Extension cohort confirmed good clinical outcomes at 30 days with an 18% permanent pacemaker rate (20% among pacemaker-naive patients). CONCLUSIONS: One-year outcomes from the RESPOND study confirm the safety and efficacy of the Lotus valve when used in routine clinical practice. (Repositionable Lotus Valve System-Post-Market Evaluation of Real World Clinical Outcomes [RESPOND]; NCT02031302).

9.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(1): e007107, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30626202

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sizing for transcatheter aortic valve implantation in bicuspid aortic valves (BAV) remains controversial. METHODS AND RESULTS: The aim of the BAVARD (Bicuspid Aortic Valve Anatomy and Relationship With Devices) retrospective registry is to capture the sizing ratios used for transcatheter aortic valve implantation in BAV and analyze the second-generation prostheses geometry postimplantation. About 101 patients with BAV along with available pre- and post-transcatheter aortic valve implantation multidetector computed tomography were compared with 88 tricuspid aortic valves (TAV) patients. Preprocedural multidetector computed tomography diagnosed type 0 and type 1 BAV in, respectively, 12.9% and 86.1 % of BAV. At baseline, the ellipticity index was similar between BAV and TAV patients: 1.2±0.1 versus 1.2±0.1, P=0.09. The mean annular oversizing was, respectively, 1.14±0.04 and 1.04±0.04, P<0.001, in TAV and BAV patients. The mean prosthesis intercommissural distance, ratio was 1.03±0.1. The mean diameter of the prostheses at the annulus matched the mean perimeter-derived diameter of the aortic annulus at baseline with TAV (23.3±2.2 versus 23.6±1.9, P=0.4) and was smaller with BAV (24±2.8 versus 26.8±3.1, P<0.01), confirming 11% underexpansion in BAV. Finally, in situ, prosthesis diameter and ellipticity followed the same pattern, with stable values from the distal edge to 12 mm above, in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Second-generation prostheses similarly reshape the aortic annulus in TAV and BAV. Prostheses keep consistent diameters from distal edge to 12 mm in TAV and BAV. Prosthesis underexpansion is constantly observed in BAV. Annular-based sizing is accurate in BAV with minimal oversizing. The intercommissural distance, 4 mm above the annulus, could be integrated in gray zones. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT03495050.

10.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(2): 182-193, 2019 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30678797

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictors of left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction after transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR). BACKGROUND: LVOT obstruction is a major concern with TMVR, but limited data exist regarding its predictors and impact on outcomes. METHODS: Patients with pre-procedural multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT) undergoing TMVR for failed mitral bioprosthetic valves (valve-in-valve), annuloplasty rings (valve-in-ring), and mitral annular calcification (valve-in-MAC) were included in this study. Echocardiographic and procedural characteristics were recorded, and comprehensive assessment with MDCT was performed to identify the predictors of LVOT obstruction (defined as an increment of mean LVOT gradient ≥10 mm Hg from baseline). The new LVOT (neo-LVOT) area left after TMVR was estimated by embedding a virtual valve into the mitral annulus on MDCT, simulating the procedure. RESULTS: Among 194 patients with pre-procedural MDCT undergoing TMVR (valve-in-valve, 107 patients; valve-in-ring, 50 patients; valve-in-MAC, 37 patients), LVOT obstruction was observed in 26 patients (13.4%), with a higher rate after valve-in-MAC than valve-in-ring and valve-in-valve (54.1% vs. 8.0% vs. 1.9%; p < 0.001). Patients with LVOT obstruction had significantly higher procedural mortality compared with those without LVOT obstruction (34.6% vs. 2.4%; p < 0.001). Receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis showed that an estimated neo-LVOT area ≤1.7 cm2 predicted LVOT obstruction with sensitivity of 96.2% and specificity of 92.3%. CONCLUSIONS: LVOT obstruction after TMVR was associated with higher procedural mortality. A small estimated neo-LVOT area was significantly associated with LVOT obstruction after TMVR and may help identify patients at high risk for LVOT obstruction.

12.
Circulation ; 138(23): 2611-2623, 2018 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30571255

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is increasingly being used for treatment of severe aortic valve stenosis in patients at intermediate risk for surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). Currently, real-world data comparing indications and clinical outcomes of patients at intermediate surgical risk undergoing isolated TAVR with those undergoing SAVR are scarce. METHODS: We compared clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with intermediate surgical risk (Society of Thoracic Surgeons score 4%-8%) who underwent isolated TAVR or conventional SAVR within the prospective, all-comers German Aortic Valve Registry. RESULTS: A total of 7613 patients at intermediate surgical risk underwent isolated TAVR (n=6469) or SAVR (n=1144) at 92 sites in Germany between 2012 and 2014. Patients treated by TAVR were significantly older (82.5±5.0 versus 76.6±6.7 years, P<0.001) and had higher risk scores (logistic EuroSCORE [European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation]: 21.2±12.3% versus 14.2±9.5%, P<0.001; Society of Thoracic Surgeons score: 5.6±1.1 versus 5.2±1.0, P<0.001). Multivariable analyses revealed that advanced age, coronary artery disease, New York Heart Association class III/IV, pulmonary hypertension, prior cardiac decompensation, elective procedure, arterial occlusive disease, no diabetes mellitus, and a smaller aortic valve area were associated with performing TAVR instead of SAVR (all P<0.001). Unadjusted in-hospital mortality rates were equal for TAVR and SAVR (3.6% versus 3.6%, P=0.976), whereas unadjusted 1-year mortality was significantly higher in patients after TAVR (17.5% versus 10.8%, P<0.001). After propensity score matching, the difference in 1-year mortality between patients with TAVR and SAVR was no longer significant (17.1% versus 15.7%, P=0.59). CONCLUSIONS: Patients at intermediate risk undergoing TAVR differ significantly from those treated with SAVR with regard to age and baseline characteristics. Isolated TAVR and SAVR were associated with an in-hospital mortality rate of 3.6%. In the propensity score analysis, there was no significant difference in 1-year mortality between patients with TAVR and SAVR.

13.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(22): 2326-2334, 2018 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30466832

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to report the 1-year safety and efficacy outcomes in the FORWARD (CoreValve Evolut R FORWARD) study following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with the next-generation Evolut R device (Medtronic, Minneapolis, Minnesota) in routine clinical practice. BACKGROUND: The FORWARD study reported low incidences of mortality, disabling stroke, and significant paravalvular leak following TAVR in routine clinical practice at 30 days. Longer-term results in large patient populations with the Evolut R self-expanding, repositionable transcatheter heart valve (THV) are lacking. METHODS: This was a prospective, single-arm, multinational, multicenter, observational study investigating efficacy and safety following TAVR with the next-generation self-expanding THV. Between January and December 2016, 1,040 patients underwent attempted implant of the Evolut R self-expanding repositionable valve at 53 sites worldwide. An independent Clinical Events Committee adjudicated safety endpoints based on Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 definitions. An independent echocardiographic core laboratory evaluated all echocardiograms. RESULTS: The mean age was 81.8 ± 6.2 years, 64.8% were women, and patients had a mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons Predicted Risk of Mortality score of 5.5 ± 4.5% and EuroSCORE II of 5.7 ± 5.0%. The 1-year all-cause mortality rate was 8.9%, with a cardiovascular mortality rate of 6.9%. At 1 year, the incidence of disabling stroke was 2.1%, and a pacemaker was implanted in 19.7% of patients. The incidence of more than mild paravalvular leak was 1.2%. CONCLUSIONS: The FORWARD study demonstrated good safety and efficacy profiles for the next-generation Evolut R THV up to 1-year follow-up, with very low mortality and adverse events. (CoreValve Evolut R FORWARD Study [FORWARD]; NCT02592369).

14.
Eur Heart J ; 2018 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30445543

RESUMO

Aims: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has become the standard treatment for patients with severe aortic valve stenosis at high surgical risk and may be considered for patients with intermediate risk. During the last few years, an increasing number of patients with low surgical risk have been treated with TAVI. In this study, low-risk patients undergoing isolated TAVI or surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) were analysed using data from the German Aortic Valve Registry (GARY). Methods and results: All patients with a Society of Thoracic Surgeons Score of <4% undergoing TAVI or SAVR in 2014 and 2015 were evaluated. A total of 20 549 low surgical risk patients remained for further analysis, comprising 14 487 surgical patients and 6062 TAVI patients. Since TAVI patients were significantly older and had significantly more co-morbidities, a weighted propensity score model was used to compare SAVR and TAVI patients for in-hospital, 30-day, and 1-year mortality. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation patients showed a significantly higher in-hospital and 30-day survival than SAVR patients (in hospital survival TAVI vs. SAVR: 98.5% vs. 97.3%; P = 0.003; 30-day survival TAVI vs. SAVR: 98.1% vs. 97.1%; P = 0.014). At 1 year, survival rates did not differ significantly (survival TAVI vs. SAVR: 90.0% vs. 91.2%; P = 0.158). Conclusion: In this first GARY analysis of low-risk patients, weighted comparison showed similar 1-year survival for TAVI and SAVR and higher in-hospital survival for TAVI patients.

15.
Cardiovasc Revasc Med ; 19(6S): 41-46, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30327095

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transfemoral TAVR (tf-TAVR) under conscious sedation (CS) has become popular. The need of anesthesiologic support during tf-TAVR has been questioned. Critical events during the procedure might require immediate action. We analyzed the frequency of periprocedural critical adverse events (CAE) during tf-TAVR with CS in our institution. METHODS: Tf-TAVR has been performed at our institution since 2007. We excluded patients from the first four years to minimize the influence of any learning curve. CAE were defined as occurrence of 1.) "CPR", 2.) "defibrillation", 3.) "emergency extracorporeal circulation (ECC)" and 4.) "conversion to general anesthesia (GA) not related to 1.)-3.)". Data was prospectively collected in our AVIATOR TAVR registry. RESULTS: 601 patients were analyzed retrospectively. Overall, CAE were recorded in 54 patients (9%). CPR was necessary in 12 patients (2%) and defibrillation in 10 patients (1.6%). ECC was rarely needed (n = 2, 0.3%). Conversion to GA was necessary in 34 patients (5.65%). Procedure-related conversion was necessary in 10 patients. With 24 patients, sedation-related conversion occurred more frequently. Unrest and pain were the most common reasons for conversion (n = 13, 2%) and respiratory distress in 11 patients (2%). Catecholaminergic support was needed in 269 (45%) patients. Vasopressors were more often applied (n = 249, 41%) than inotropes (n = 59, 10%). CONCLUSION: Even in a high-volume center, CAE may occur in nearly every tenth patient. Conversion to GA was the most common CAE. Catecholaminergic support (primary vasopressor support) was needed in nearly every second patient. These points underline the necessity of a cardiac anaesthesiologist to be in the room during the procedure. SUMMARY: Despite experience, critical adverse events (CAE) still occur in TAVR patients. We analyzed the occurrence of CAE and the need for catecholaminergic support in sedated TAVR patients.

16.
Eur Heart J ; 2018 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30357365

RESUMO

Aims: We sought to evaluate the outcomes of transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) for patients with degenerated bioprostheses [valve-in-valve (ViV)], failed annuloplasty rings [valve-in-ring (ViR)], and severe mitral annular calcification [valve-in-mitral annular calcification (ViMAC)]. Methods and results: From the TMVR multicentre registry, procedural and clinical outcomes of ViV, ViR, and ViMAC were compared according to Mitral Valve Academic Research Consortium (MVARC) criteria. A total of 521 patients with mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons score of 9.0 ± 7.0% underwent TMVR (322 patients with ViV, 141 with ViR, and 58 with ViMAC). Trans-septal access and the Sapien valves were used in 39.5% and 90.0%, respectively. Overall technical success was excellent at 87.1%. However, left ventricular outflow tract obstruction occurred more frequently after ViMAC compared with ViR and ViV (39.7% vs. 5.0% vs. 2.2%; P < 0.001), whereas second valve implantation was more frequent in ViR compared with ViMAC and ViV (12.1% vs. 5.2% vs. 2.5%; P < 0.001). Accordingly, technical success rate was higher after ViV compared with ViR and ViMAC (94.4% vs. 80.9% vs. 62.1%; P < 0.001). Compared with ViMAC and ViV groups, ViR group had more frequent post-procedural mitral regurgitation ≥moderate (18.4% vs. 13.8% vs. 5.6%; P < 0.001) and subsequent paravalvular leak closure (7.8% vs. 0.0% vs. 2.2%; P = 0.006). All-cause mortality was higher after ViMAC compared with ViR and ViV at 30 days (34.5% vs. 9.9% vs. 6.2%; log-rank P < 0.001) and 1 year (62.8% vs. 30.6% vs. 14.0%; log-rank P < 0.001). On multivariable analysis, patients with failed annuloplasty rings and severe MAC were at increased risk of mortality after TMVR [ViR vs. ViV, hazard ratio (HR) 1.99, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.27-3.12; P = 0.003; ViMAC vs. ViV, HR 5.29, 95% CI 3.29-8.51; P < 0.001]. Conclusion: The TMVR provided excellent outcomes for patients with degenerated bioprostheses despite high surgical risk. However, ViR and ViMAC were associated with higher rates of adverse events and mid-term mortality compared with ViV.

18.
Am J Cardiol ; 122(6): 1028-1035, 2018 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30072124

RESUMO

Patients with pure native aortic valve regurgitation (NAVR) and increased surgical risk are often denied surgery. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the "off-label" use of transcatheter heart valves (THV) for the treatment of NAVR. A total of 254 high surgical risk patients with NAVR (age 74 ± 12 years, Society of Thoracic Surgeons risk score 6.6 ± 6.2%) underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with early generation (43%) or newer generation (57%) devices at 46 different sites. Device success was significantly higher in patients treated with newer as compared with early generation THV (82% vs 47%, p <0.001). The difference was driven by lower rates of device malpositioning (9% vs 33%) and aortic regurgitation (AR) ≥ moderate (4% vs 31%) and translated into higher clinical efficacy at 30 days in patients treated with newer as compared with early generation THV (72% vs 56%, p = 0.041). Both THV under- and oversizing were associated with an increased risk of THV malpositioning. In conclusion, TAVI is a feasible treatment strategy in selected high-risk patients with NAVR but is associated with a considerable risk of THV malpositioning and residual AR. Although newer-generation THV are associated with better outcomes, novel devices for the treatment of NAVR are warranted.

19.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2018 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29948292

RESUMO

Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) anatomy is becoming an increasingly frequently encountered challenge in transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Bicommissural non-raphe-type BAV (Sievers and Schmidtke Type 0) is composed morphologically of two aortic cusps with no raphe and is less common than the tricommissural or bicommissural raphe-type configurations. Precise annular sizing is a key step for successful TAVI in BAV. The challenge in bicommissural non-raphe-type BAV is that a three-dimensional structure has to be reconstructed using only two anatomical hinge points. For this reason, available software are limited when it comes to bicommissural non-raphe-type BAV. We propose that manual assessment of the aortic root in bicommissural non-raphe-type BAV using multi-planar reconstruction (MPR) software can be performed successfully by aligning the two available hinge points and measuring the smallest identifiable annular dimensions in the transverse plane (Fig. 1). We identified 12 patients with bicommissural non-raphe-type BAV undergoing TAVI between January 2013 and December 2017 in our high-volume institution. Our novel sizing strategy was employed prospectively in three patients-with good clinical outcomes-and evaluated retrospectively in the remainder (Table 1). No patient suffered a central major vascular complication or required new permanent pacemaker implantation. Device success occurred in all patients except one (post-procedural echocardiographic transvalvular gradient of 23 mmHg). In the retrospectively assessed cases, the novel annulus measure was concordant with the implanted THV size in 7 out of 9 procedures and, importantly, did not overestimate the annulus dimensions in any case. Furthermore, in two balloon-expandable THV cases the new measure may, in retrospect, have prompted consideration of a smaller implant size. To be noted, balloon sizing of the aortic annulus has additional value when selecting the valve size in BAV anatomy. Further prospective validation of this novel MDCT sizing technique is required.

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