Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 123
Filtrar
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33514919

RESUMO

We assessed the incidence and outcome of early candidemia after hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). The analysis included all first HSCTs performed from 2000 to 2015 in adult and pediatric patients with a non-leukemic disease and recorded in the EBMT registry. Overall survival (OS), non-relapse mortality (NRM), and relapse mortality (RM) were evaluated. Candidemia was diagnosed in 420 of 49,852 patients at a median time of 17 days post HSCT (range 0-100), the cumulative incidence being 0.85%. In 65.5% of episodes, candidemia occurred by day 30 after HSCT. The mortality rate by day 7 was 6.2%, whereas 100-day NRM was higher (HR 3.47, p < 0.0001), and 100-day OS was lower (HR 3.22, p < 0.0001) than that of patients without candidemia. After a median follow-up of 4.3 years, 5-year OS, NRM, and RM for patients with and without candidemia were 50.5% vs. 60.8%, p < 0.0001, 28.2% vs.18.8%, p < 0.0001, and 25.3% vs. 27.2%, p = 0.4, respectively. In conclusion, in non-leukemic transplant patients, the occurrence of an early episode of candidemia is rare but it is still associated with a negative effect on the outcome.

3.
Br J Clin Pharmacol ; 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33512711

RESUMO

Ravulizumab is a very expensive complement C5-inhibitor for the treatment of paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria, with a fixed-dosing interval of 8 weeks. For lifelong treatment, a cost-effective and patient-friendly dosing strategy is preferred. We therefore explored alternative ravulizumab dosing regimens in silico based on the thorough dose-finding studies of the manufacturer. Extending the interval to 10 weeks or individually extending the interval to a mean of 12.8 weeks based on pharmacokinetic monitoring resulted in noninferior efficacy in terms of lactate dehydrogenase normalization, with drug cost savings up to 37%. We here show the potential of individualized ravulizumab dosing to improve patient-friendliness at reduced costs.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33288863

RESUMO

Letermovir (LMV) is licensed for prophylaxis of CMV infection in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant adult CMV-seropositive patients. Due to its favorable safety profile, LMV brings potential for use in other clinical situations, outside the approved indication. The objective of the study was to analyze the efficacy and safety of the use of LMV in off-label indications in EBMT centers. A total of 49 patients were reported including 44 adults and 5 children. LMV was administered for: secondary prophylaxis (37 adults, 3 children), primary prophylaxis (2 children), pre-emptive treatment (5 adults), and therapy of CMV disease (2 adults; pneumonia, colitis). Cyclosporine was concomitantly used in 26 patients. Overall, LMV was used for a median 112 days (range: 10-473). Cumulative incidence of breakthrough infections during secondary prophylaxis was 10.1% (95% CI = 3.1-21.9). Prophylactic treatment with LMV resulted in 94.9% (95% CI = 81.0-98.7), and 81.9% (95% CI = 65.7-90.9) probability of, respectively, 60 and 120-day survival without CMV infection in patients receiving secondary prophylaxis. During therapy of CMV infection/disease, probability of 60 and 120-day overall survival was 100% and 71.4% (95% CI = 25.8-92.0), respectively. No breakthrough infection occurred in children on LMV prophylaxis. Adverse events were reported in 15/49 (30.4%) patients: the most common being nausea/vomiting (22.4%). In conclusion, the efficacy of the use of LMV as secondary prophylaxis was high, and the preliminary experience with the use of LMV for the treatment of patients with refractory CMV infection/disease was positive. Our data showed that higher dose or prolonged therapy did not result in increased rate of adverse events.

6.
Trials ; 21(1): 948, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33225965

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since decades, fever and infections have been the most important complications of intensive chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in the treatment of hematologic malignancies. Neutropenia has long been considered to be the most important risk factor for these complications. However, recent studies have shown that not neutropenia, but the development of mucositis is the most important cause of these complications. Currently, limited options for the prevention and treatment of mucositis are available, of which most are only supportive. The pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 (IL-1) plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of mucositis. Pre-clinical studies of chemotherapy-induced mucositis have shown that recombinant human IL-1 receptor antagonist anakinra significantly ameliorated intestinal mucositis. In our pilot study AFFECT-1, we examined the safety and maximal tolerated dose of anakinra in patients with multiple myeloma, treated with high-dose melphalan (HDM) and autologous HSCT, selecting a dose of 300 mg daily for the phase IIb trial. The aim of the AFFECT-2 study is to determine the efficacy of anakinra in preventing fever during neutropenia (FN) and mucositis in this study population. METHODS/DESIGN: A multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind phase IIb trial will be conducted. Ninety patients with multiple myeloma scheduled for treatment with HDM and autologous HSCT will be included. Patients will be randomized between intravenous treatment with anakinra (300 mg) or placebo. Each group will be treated from day - 2 (day of HDM; day 0 is HSCT) up until day + 12. Outcome measures will be assessed at baseline, during admission, at discharge or day + 30, at day + 90, and + 1 year. The primary outcome will be reduction of FN. Secondary outcome measures include mucositis scores, bloodstream infections, citrulline levels, quality of life, and fatigue severity. DISCUSSION: The AFFECT-2 trial will examine the efficacy of anakinra in the management of fever during neutropenia and mucositis in patients with multiple myeloma treated with HDM and autologous HSCT. The results of this study may provide a new treatment option for these important complications. Also, this study will give us more insight in the pathophysiology of mucositis, including the role of IL-1 and the role of the microbiota in mucositis. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov NCT04099901 . Registered on September 23, 2019. EudraCT: 2018-005046-10.

7.
Blood Adv ; 4(22): 5755-5761, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33216889

RESUMO

Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a rare hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) disorder characterized by defective synthesis of the glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchors as a result of somatic mutations in the X-linked PIGA gene. The disease is acquired. No constitutional PNH has been described. Here, we report familial PNH associated with unusual inflammatory symptoms. Genetic analysis revealed a germline heterozygous PIGB mutation on chromosome 15 without mutations in PIGA or any of the other genes involved in GPI biosynthesis. In vitro data confirmed that transfection of the mutant PIGB could not restore the surface expression of GPI-anchored proteins (APs) in PIGB-deficient Chinese hamster ovary cells. Homozygosity was caused by copy number-neutral loss of heterozygosity (CN-LOH) of the germline PIGB mutation, leading to deficient expression of GPI-APs in the affected blood cells of the index patient and her mother. The somatic event leading to homozygosity of the germline mutant PIGB gene involved a 70-kbp microdeletion of chromosome 15q containing the TM2D3 and TARSL2 genes, which was implicated in chromosome 15q mosaicism. Interestingly, we detected the deletion in both the patient and her mother. A sister of the mother, who carried the same germline PIGB mutation but without this microdeletion involving TM2D3 and TARSL2, did not have a PNH clone or CN-LOH. In conclusion, we describe PNH caused by CN-LOH of a germline heterozygous PIGB mutation in a patient and her mother and hypothesize that the 70-kbp microdeletion may have contributed to the PNH clone in both.

8.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-10, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33153355

RESUMO

Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) assessment is important to facilitate decisions in the current treatment landscape of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Therefore, the availability of a validated HRQOL questionnaire, specifically developed for CML patients treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), may enhance quality of research in this area. We performed an international study including 782 CML patients to assess the validity of the EORTC QLQ-CML 24 questionnaire, and to generate HRQOL reference values to facilitate interpretation of results in future studies. Internal consistency, assessed with Cronbach's alpha coefficients, ranged from 0.66 to 0.83. In the confirmatory factor analysis, all standardized factor loadings exceeded the threshold of 0.40 (range 0.49-0.97), confirming the hypothesized scale structure. Reference values stratified by age and sex were also generated. Our findings support the use of the EORTC QLQ-CML 24, in conjunction with the EORTC QLQ-C30, as a valuable measure to assess HRQOL in CML patients.

9.
Leukemia ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33046819

RESUMO

We assessed stage-specific trends in primary therapy and relative survival among adult follicular lymphoma (FL) patients diagnosed in the Netherlands between 1989-2016 (N = 12,372; median age, 62 years; and 21% stage I disease). Patients were stratified by disease stage and subsequently categorized into four calendar periods (1989-1995, 1996-2002, 2003-2008, and 2009-2016) and three age groups (18-60, 61-70, and >70 years). The use of radiotherapy in stage I FL remained relatively stable over time and across the three age groups (i.e., 66%, 54%, and 49% in 2009-2016, respectively). In stage II-IV FL, the start of chemotherapy within 12 months post-diagnosis decreased over time, indicating a broader application of a watch-and-wait approach. Relative survival improved considerably over time, especially since 2003 when rituximab was introduced in the Netherlands, and for stage III-IV FL patients and older age groups. Five-year relative survival for patients with stage I-II versus stage III-IV FL in the period 2009-2016 was 96% versus 90%, 93% versus 83%, and 92% versus 68% across the three age groups, respectively. Collectively, the improvement in survival since 2003 is accounted for by advances in FL management, particularly the implementation of rituximab. There remains, however, room for improvement among elderly stage III-IV FL patients.

10.
J Psychosom Res ; 137: 110229, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890861

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine psychometric properties, a cut-off score for severe fatigue and normative data for the 4-item Short Fatigue Questionnaire (SFQ) derived from the multi-dimensional fatigue questionnaire Checklist Individual Strength (CIS). METHODS: Data of previous studies investigating the prevalence of fatigue in ten chronic conditions (n = 2985) and the general population (n = 2288) was used to determine the internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) of the SFQ, its relation with other fatigue measures (EORTC QLQ-30 fatigue subscale and digital fatigue diary), a cut-off score for severe fatigue (ROC analysis) and to examine whether the four SFQ items truly measure the same construct. Norms were calculated for ten patient groups and the Dutch general population. RESULTS: Cronbach's alpha of the SFQ were excellent in almost all groups. Pearson's correlations between the SFQ and the EORTC-QLQ-C30 fatigue subscale and a fatigue diary were respectively 0.76 and 0.68. ROC analysis showed an area under the curve of 0.982 (95% CI: 0.979-0.985) and cut-off score of 18 was suggested which showed a good sensitivity (0.984) and specificity (0.826) as well as excellent values for the positive and negative prediction values within all groups using the CIS as golden standard. Factor analysis showed a one factor solution (Eigenvalue: 3.095) with factor loadings of all items on the factor being greater than 0.87. CONCLUSION: The SFQ is an easy to use, reliable and valid instrument to screen for severe fatigue in clinical routine and research.

11.
Leukemia ; 34(12): 3440, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32989222

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

12.
J Thromb Haemost ; 2020 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32979031

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical severity of hemophilia A (HA) varies, possibly due to interplay of many factors in the hemostatic pathway. Pharmacokinetic monitoring of factor VIII (FVIII) replacement therapy in HA patients consists of measuring FVIII activity levels and subsequent dose adjustment. The Nijmegen Hemostasis Assay (NHA) measures thrombin generation (TG) and plasmin generation (PG). OBJECTIVE: To determine differences in TG and PG between HA patients before and during a pharmacokinetic study and identify best parameters to develop a pharmacodynamic model. METHODS: Twenty-five HA patients (baseline FVIII < 1-9 IU/dL) underwent a pharmacokinetic study with a single dose of 25-50 IU/kg standard half-life FVIII concentrate. At baseline and after administration of FVIII TG and PG parameters were measured with the NHA. RESULTS: FVIII activity level increased from median 1.0 IU/dL (interquartile range < 1.0-6.0) to 71 IU/dL (62-82) 15 minutes after administration and decreased to 15 IU/dL (10-26) at 24 hours. TG was enhanced simultaneously, with thrombin peak height (TPH) increasing from 22nM (15-35) to 222nM (159-255), and thrombin potential (TP) from 404nM/min (undetectable-876) to 1834nM/min (1546-2353). Twenty-four hours after infusion, TG parameters remained high (TPH 73nM [58.5-126.3]; TP 1394nM/min [1066-1677]) compared to FVIII activity level. PG showed hyperfibrinolysis in severe HA patients compared to mild patients and controls, which normalized after FVIII supplementation. CONCLUSION: HA patients showed clear differences in baseline TG and PG despite having comparable FVIII activity levels. These results reveal a discrepancy between FVIII activity level and TG, in which the latter may be a better parameter to monitor individualized treatment in HA patients.

14.
J Infect Dis ; 2020 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32860509

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about characteristics of seasonal human coronavirus (HCoV) (NL63, 229E, OC43 and HKU1) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: this is a collaborative Spanish and European bone marrow transplantation groups retrospective multicentre study, which included allo-HCT recipients (adults and children) with upper and/or lower respiratory tract disease (U/LRTD) caused by seasonal HCoV diagnosed through multiplex PCR assays from January 2012 to January 2019. RESULTS: We included 402 allo-HCT recipients who developed 449 HCoV U/LRTD episodes. Median age of recipients was 46 years (range 0.3-73.8 years). HCoV episodes were diagnosed at a median of 222 days after transplantation. The most common HCoV subtype was OC43 (n=170, 38%). LRTD involvement occurred in 121 episodes (27%). HCoV infection frequently required hospitalization (18%), oxygen administration (13%) and intensive care unit (ICU) admission (3%). Three-month overall mortality after HCoV detection was 7% in the whole cohort and 16% in those with LRTD. We identified 3 conditions associated with higher mortality in recipients with LRTD: absolute lymphocyte count <0.1 x10 9/mL [hazard ratio (HR), 10.8], corticosteroid (HR 4.68) and ICU admission (HR 8.22) (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Seasonal HCoV after allo-HCT may involve the LRTD in many instances, leading to a significant morbidity.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32857640

RESUMO

Purpose: Cancer-related fatigue is a burdensome late effect of cancer treatment. A pilot study showed the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) in fatigued survivors of childhood cancer (CCS). The aim of this study is to investigate whether the six cognitive-behavioral factors that are addressed during CBT differ in CCS compared with patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and survivors of adult-onset cancer (ACS). Levels of self-esteem, optimism, and depressive symptoms, variables that are also related to fatigue, were also compared between groups. Methods: Retrospective analyses were performed on 34 CCS (ages 11-42 years), 102 patients with CFS, and 95 ACS who were referred for evaluation of severe fatigue. Fatigue severity, possible cognitive-behavioral fatigue maintaining factors, depressive symptoms, self-esteem, and optimism were assessed using questionnaires and actigraphy. Results: No significant differences were found in the factors coping with the experience of having had cancer, fear of cancer recurrence, physical activity, and in levels of self-esteem and optimism. CCS attributed their fatigue significantly more often to psychosocial causes and reported fewer problems in sleep/rest compared with patients with CFS. Compared with ACS, CCS reported significantly more social support, more problems in sleep/rest, and more depressive symptoms. Conclusions: There is substantial overlap in cognitive-behavioral factors that can maintain fatigue between CCS and CFS patients or ACS. Also differences were found regarding attribution of fatigue, the sleep/rest pattern, social support, and depressive symptoms that might have clinical implications when CBT for fatigue is provided to CCS.

16.
Blood Adv ; 4(15): 3615-3620, 2020 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32766853

RESUMO

Complement C5 inhibitor eculizumab has a great impact on the treatment of patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH). However, this treatment success has a major drawback: a substantially increased susceptibility for life-threatening Neisseria meningitidis infections. Therefore, N meningitidis vaccination is strongly advised before initiating complement C5-blocking therapy. In this study, we show that the multicomponent N meningitidis serogroup B (4CMenB) vaccination of PNH patients treated with eculizumab results in a significant increase in anti-N meningitidis serogroup B (MenB) plasma immunoglobulin G (IgG) levels. Anti-MenB IgG was able to bind to the bacterial surface and initiate complement activation; however, inhibition of the membrane attack complex formation completely blocked whole blood-mediated killing of MenB. This would suggest that, despite 4CMenB vaccination, PNH patients taking C5 inhibitors are not sufficiently protected against MenB infection, which is in line with the fact that vaccinated PNH patients still experience meningococcal infections.

18.
Haematologica ; 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32616528

RESUMO

Fatigue is a common side effect of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients. However, the prevalence of TKI-induced fatigue remains uncertain and little is known about predictors of fatigue and its relationship with physical activity. In this study, 220 CML patients receiving TKI therapy and 110 gender- and age-matched controls completed an online questionnaire to assess fatigue severity and fatigue predictors (Part 1). In addition, physical activity levels were objectively assessed for 7 consecutive days in 138 severely fatigued and non-fatigued CML patients using an activity monitor (Part 2). We demonstrated that the prevalence of severe fatigue was 55.5% in CML patients and 10.9% in controls (P<0.001). We identified five predictors of fatigue in our CML population: age (OR 0.96, 95% CI 0.93-0.99), female gender (OR 1.76, 95% CI 0.92-3.34), Charlson Comorbidity Index (OR 1.91, 95% CI 1.16-3.13), the use of comedication known to cause fatigue (OR 3.43, 95% CI 1.58-7.44), and physical inactivity (OR of moderately active, vigorously active and very vigorously active compared to inactivity 0.43 (95% CI 0.12-1.52), 0.22 (95% CI 0.06-0.74), and 0.08 (95% CI 0.02-0.26), respectively). Objective monitoring of activity patterns confirmed that fatigued CML patients performed less physical activity on both light (P=0.017) and moderate to vigorous intensity (P=0.009). In fact, compared to the non-fatigued patients, fatigued CML patients performed 1 hour less of physical activity per day and took 2000 fewer steps per day. Our findings facilitate the identification of patients at risk of severe fatigue and highlight the importance to set the reduction of fatigue as a treatment goal in CML care. This study was registered at The Netherlands Trial Registry, NTR7308 (Part 1) and NTR7309 (Part 2).

20.
Eur J Clin Pharmacol ; 76(9): 1213-1226, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32488333

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This comprehensive observational study aimed to gain insight into adherence to nilotinib and the effect of (non)adherence on exposure (Cmin) and treatment outcomes. METHODS: Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients using nilotinib were followed for 12 months. Adherence was measured by Medication Event Monitoring System (MEMS), pill count, and Medication Adherence Report Scale (MARS-5). Nilotinib Cmin and patient-reported outcomes (i.e., quality of life, side effects, beliefs, satisfaction) were measured at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months. RESULTS: Sixty-eight patients (57.5 ± 15.0 years, 49% female) participated. Median adherence to nilotinib (MEMS and pill count) was ≥ 99% and adherence < 90% was rare. Self-reported nonadherence (MARS-5) increased in the first year of treatment to a third of patients. In line with the strong beliefs in the necessity of taking nilotinib, forgetting to take a dose was more prevalent than intentionally adjusting/skipping doses. Nilotinib Cmin were generally above the therapeutic target in 95% of patients. Patients reported a variety of side effects, of which fatigue was most frequent. The mean Cmin was higher in patients who reported severe itching and fatigue. The overall 1-year MMR rate ranged from 47 to 71%. CONCLUSION: Substantial nonadherence (< 90%) to nilotinib was rare and nilotinib Cmin were generally above the therapeutic target. Lack of response in our group of patients was not related to nonadherence or inadequate Cmin. Nevertheless, a considerable number of patients experienced difficulties in adhering to the twice daily fasted dosing regimen, emphasizing the importance of continuous support of medication adherence in CML. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NTR3992 (Netherlands Trial Register, www.trialregister.nl ).

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA