Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 34
Filtrar
Filtros adicionais











País/Região como assunto
Intervalo de ano
2.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 66(10): e27900, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31276318

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Volasertib induces mitotic arrest and apoptosis by targeting Polo-like kinases. In this phase I dose-escalation study, the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), pharmacokinetics (PK), and preliminary efficacy of volasertib were determined in pediatric patients. METHODS: Patients aged 2 to <18 years with relapsed/refractory acute leukemia/advanced solid tumors (ST) without available effective treatments were enrolled-cohort C1 (aged 2 to <12 years); cohort C2 (aged 12 to <18 years). The patients received volasertib intravenously (starting dose: 200 mg/m2 body surface area on day 1, every 14 days). The primary endpoint was the pediatric MTD for further development. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients received treatment (C1: leukemia, n = 4; ST, n = 8; C2: leukemia, n = 3; ST, n = 7). No dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) occurred up to 300 mg/m2 volasertib in C1; two patients in C2, at 250 mg/m2 volasertib, had DLTs in cycle 1, one of which led to death; therefore, the MTD of volasertib in C2 was 200 mg/m2 . The most common grade 3/4 adverse events (all patients) were febrile neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, and neutropenia (41% each). Stable disease (SD) was the best objective response (leukemia, n = 5; ST, n = 2); the duration of SD was short in all patients, except in one with an ST. PK profiles were generally comparable across dose groups and were consistent with those in adults. CONCLUSION: The pediatric MTD/dose for further development was identified. There were no unexpected safety or PK findings; limited antitumor/antileukemic activity was demonstrated.

3.
Cytokine ; 120: 85-87, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31035172

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to assess the impact on outcomes of early soluble Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 ligand concentrations (sFLc) in patients receiving an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). METHODS: This was a prospective monocentric study including all allo-HSCT patients included in the previous FLAM/FLAL study (Peterlin et al., 2019). Blood samples collected before the start of conditioning then post-transplant were frozen, stored and tested by ELISA. The parameters considered were hematopoietic recoveries, Leukemia Free Survival and Overall Survival, acute and chronic GVHD, grade 3 or 4 acute and/or extensive chronic GVHD-free and relapse-free survival (GRFS). RESULTS: Forty-one patients were included, a total of 179 samples were assayed for sFLc. There was no impact of sFLc levels (<=median vs> median) on acute and chronic GVHD incidences, LFS, OS nor GRFS. CONCLUSION: At variance with induction results for AML (Peterlin et al., 2019) endogenous sFLc do not appear to be a prognostic marker at the time of or after allo-HSCT. Even though the results are negatives, this is, to the best of our knowledge, the only prospective series specifically addressing the question of sFLc impact after allo-HSCT in acute leukemias.

4.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(7): 1465-1471, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30928627

RESUMO

Clofarabine-based reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimens are well-established schedules for allograft in patients with myeloid malignancies. A retrospective study was conducted including all adults allografted in our department with such a regimen and disease with the aim to assess whether or not the donor type (matched sibling [MSD], matched unrelated [MUD], or haploidentical [haplo]) impacted outcomes. Between October 2009 and February 2018, 118 patients met the inclusion criteria. Thirty-six, 55, and 27 patients received a graft from an MSD, MUD, or haplo donor, respectively. Peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) were the source of graft for all patients. The median age of the entire cohort was 62 years (range, 20 to 73), and the median follow-up was 31 months (range, 4.5 to 106). All patients engrafted except 1 haplo recipient. Neutrophils (>.5 × 109/L) and platelets (50 × 109/L) recoveries were significantly delayed in the haplo group (P = .0003 and P < .0001) compared with MSD and MUD. Acute grades II to IV or III to IV graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) incidences were similar between the 3 groups as well as the incidence of moderate or severe chronic GVHD. Also, similar 2-year overall survival (OS; 64.7% versus 73.9% versus 60.2%, P = .39), disease-free survival (DFS; 57.7% versus 70.9% versus and 53.6%, P = .1), and GVHD relapse-free survival (37.9% versus 54.3% versus 38.9%, P = .23) were observed between MSD versus MUD versus haplo groups. The same was true when considering only acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cases. In multivariate analysis the type of donor remained independent of outcomes in this series, whereas myelodysplastic syndrome (versus AML), high disease risk index, and older donor (≥50 years) were associated with lower OS and DFS. These data suggest that haplo donors are an acceptable alternative for patients receiving a clofarabine-based RIC PBSC allograft for myeloid malignancies who lack an MSD or a MUD.

5.
Ann Hematol ; 98(6): 1435-1440, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30874850

RESUMO

The anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody daratumumab is approved as a single agent for the treatment of patients with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) who have received at least three prior lines of therapy, including a proteasome inhibitor (PI) and an immunomodulatory agent (IMID), or who are double refractory to a PI and an IMID. To date, no real-life data on the efficacy and tolerance of daratumumab in this setting are available. We report here the results of a single-center series of 41 RRMM patients treated with single-agent daratumumab outside clinical trials. Patients received a median number of 4 prior therapies. All patients were previously exposed to PI and IMID and all patients were refractory to the last line of therapy. Most patients presented with high-risk characteristics, including 24% adverse cytogenetics (del17p/t(4,14)), 31% extramedullary disease and 12% circulating plasmacytosis at time of daratumumab therapy. The overall response rate was 24%, including 5% very good partial response or better. After a median follow-up of 6.5 months, all patients experienced disease relapse. The median progression-free survival was 1.9 months. At the time of disease progression, 44% of patients did not receive subsequent therapy. The median overall survival was 6.5 months. No new safety signal was identified. These real-life results revealed modest efficacy of single-agent daratumumab in advanced patients with RRMM in comparison with data from clinical trials.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia de Salvação , ADP-Ribosil Ciclase 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Progressão da Doença , Avaliação de Medicamentos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/antagonistas & inibidores , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/mortalidade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Ann Hematol ; 98(6): 1441-1447, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30874851

RESUMO

Pomalidomide dexamethasone is a standard of care for relapsed multiple myeloma (MM) patients who received at least two prior lines of therapy, including both lenalidomide and proteasome inhibitors (PI). We report here a real-life single-center series of 49 consecutive patients with relapsed and refractory MM treated with the triplet pomalidomide cyclophosphamide dexamethasone (PCD) combination. The median of prior lines of therapy was 3 and all patients were previously exposed to proteasome inhibitors and lenalidomide. The overall response rate was 76%, including 27% very good partial response or better. With a median follow-up of 16 months, the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 7.3 months and the median overall survival was not reached. Regarding safety, most frequent toxicity was hematologic, including 37% grade 3-4 cytopenias. Nine patients (18%) discontinued therapy due to adverse event. Our study confirms that PCD combination is feasible and results in favorable response rate and PFS in comparison with pomalidomide dexamethasone alone.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia de Salvação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Dexametasona/efeitos adversos , Avaliação de Medicamentos , Substituição de Medicamentos , Feminino , Doenças Hematológicas/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Lenalidomida/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Inibidores de Proteases/uso terapêutico , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Talidomida/administração & dosagem , Talidomida/efeitos adversos , Talidomida/análogos & derivados
8.
Oncotarget ; 9(71): 33528-33535, 2018 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30323896

RESUMO

Background: The Baltimore reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimen using high-dose post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCY) is considered as a standard of care for haploidentical allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). However, it is associated with relatively low survivals and high incidence of relapse, especially when considering myeloid malignancies. Results: This retrospective study included 36 adults (males n = 18; median age: 60.5 years old; haplodonors n = 27; matched donors n = 8) with myeloid malignancies transplanted between March 2014 and March 2017 at the University Hospital of Nantes. Very encouraging results were observed with a 18-month overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and relapse incidence (RI) of 72% ± 7.5%, 63.8 ± 8%, and 25 ± 6% respectively, and a GVHD relapse-free survival (GRFS) of 52.6 ± 8%. In univariate analysis, there were no differences regarding 18-month survivals between patients allografted: i) for acute myeloid leukemia vs myelodysplastic syndrome (OS 70 ± 11% vs 69.2 ± 13%, p = 0.3; DFS 64.7 ± 11% vs 61.5 ± 13%, p = 0.65), or ii) with haplo-identical vs other donors (OS: 66.2 ± 9% vs 88.8 ± 10.4%, p = 0.16; DFS 59 ± 9.5% vs 77.8%, p = 0.6). Conclusion: The "Clo-Baltimore regimen" is safe and feasible and provides good survivals for patients with myeloid malignancies and haplo-donors. Methods: Here, we report a variant of the Baltimore regimen, where 1) fludarabine was replaced by clofarabine, 2) bone marrow was replaced by peripheral blood stem cells, and 3) tacrolimus was replaced by cyclosporine, in a "Clo-Baltimore regimen".

10.
Blood ; 131(7): 717-732, 2018 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29146883

RESUMO

Bone marrow (BM) failure (BMF) in children and young adults is often suspected to be inherited, but in many cases diagnosis remains uncertain. We studied a cohort of 179 patients (from 173 families) with BMF of suspected inherited origin but unresolved diagnosis after medical evaluation and Fanconi anemia exclusion. All patients had cytopenias, and 12.0% presented ≥5% BM blast cells. Median age at genetic evaluation was 11 years; 20.7% of patients were aged ≤2 years and 36.9% were ≥18 years. We analyzed genomic DNA from skin fibroblasts using whole-exome sequencing, and were able to assign a causal or likely causal germ line mutation in 86 patients (48.0%), involving a total of 28 genes. These included genes in familial hematopoietic disorders (GATA2, RUNX1), telomeropathies (TERC, TERT, RTEL1), ribosome disorders (SBDS, DNAJC21, RPL5), and DNA repair deficiency (LIG4). Many patients had an atypical presentation, and the mutated gene was often not clinically suspected. We also found mutations in genes seldom reported in inherited BMF (IBMF), such as SAMD9 and SAMD9L (N = 16 of the 86 patients, 18.6%), MECOM/EVI1 (N = 6, 7.0%), and ERCC6L2 (N = 7, 8.1%), each of which was associated with a distinct natural history; SAMD9 and SAMD9L patients often experienced transient aplasia and monosomy 7, whereas MECOM patients presented early-onset severe aplastic anemia, and ERCC6L2 patients, mild pancytopenia with myelodysplasia. This study broadens the molecular and clinical portrait of IBMF syndromes and sheds light on newly recognized disease entities. Using a high-throughput sequencing screen to implement precision medicine at diagnosis can improve patient management and family counseling.

11.
Eur J Haematol ; 99(1): 60-69, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28370306

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The role of allogenic stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is still debated in myelofibrosis (MF). METHODS: A retrospective analyzed was performed to compare the outcome of 71 patients with intermediate-2 or high-risk Dynamic International Prognosis Scoring System+ (DIPSS+) primary (PMF) or secondary (SMF) myelofibrosis with an indication of ASCT as they ultimately underwent the procedure (n=34) or not (n=37). RESULTS: Five-year overall survival (OS) was not statistically different between both groups (allograft: 52% vs no allograft: 34%, P=.12). However, progression to myelodysplastic syndrome or acute myeloid leukemia at 5 years was significantly lower in transplanted patients (14% vs 50%, P=.01). In univariate analysis, 5-year OS was significantly higher for transplanted vs non-transplanted patients with unfavorable karyotype (75% vs 0%, P=.001), SMF (71% vs 20%, P=.001) or high DIPSS+ score (46% vs 15%, P=.03). There was also a trend for better 5-year OS in allografted patients with high JAK2V617F burden (>65%) (75% vs 8%, P=.07). Interestingly, the survival of patients who did not proceed to ASCT was dramatically increased by the use of ruxolitinib. CONCLUSIONS: Not all intermediate-2/high-risk DIPSS+ MF patients benefit from ASCT, especially since the introduction of JAK2 inhibitors.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Inibidores de Janus Quinases/uso terapêutico , Mielofibrose Primária/mortalidade , Mielofibrose Primária/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Janus Quinase 2/genética , Inibidores de Janus Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Janus Quinases/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Mutação , Mielofibrose Primária/diagnóstico , Mielofibrose Primária/genética , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 23(1): 140-146, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27751934

RESUMO

Late complications (LC) and quality of life (QOL) were analyzed in 110 adult patients who underwent reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) and were alive for more than 2 years after allo-SCT. Overall survival of these patients was 93% (95% confidence interval [CI], 88% to 99%) and 81% (95% CI, 71% to 94%) at 5 and 10 years, respectively. The primary cause of death was a recurrence of primary malignancy. With a median follow-up of 4.6 years (range, 2 to 12.1), chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) was the most prevalent late effect, with a cumulative incidence of 66% (95% CI, 57% to 74%) at 10 years. Cardiovascular complications were the most prevalent LC with a cumulative incidence of 47% (95% CI, 35% to 59%), followed by pulmonary complications with a cumulative incidence of 33% (95% CI, 21% to 46%) and renal impairment with a cumulative incidence of 34% (95% CI, 25% to 43%) at 10 years. Secondary malignancies occurred with a cumulative incidence of 11% (95% CI, 5% to 20%) at 10 years. In this series, 61 patients (55%) responded to QOL survey. With the use of European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Bone Marrow Transplant questionnaires, most of the patients reported good to excellent QOL and patients with cGVHD had significantly lower QOL than patients without cGVHD. In conclusion, QOL after RIC is comparable to that seen after myeloablative conditioning, while the natural history of LC after RIC appears to be different from that described in the standard myeloablative setting, warranting further research in this field.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Qualidade de Vida , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Seguimentos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Pneumopatias/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/etiologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/efeitos adversos , Transplante Homólogo , Adulto Jovem
15.
BMJ Open ; 5(1): e005500, 2015 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25596195

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop and test, for the first time, a multivariate diagnostic classifier of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) based on EEG coherence measures and chronological age. SETTING: The participants were recruited in two specialised centres and three schools in Reykjavik. PARTICIPANTS: The data are from a large cross-sectional cohort of 310 patients with ADHD and 351 controls, covering an age range from 5.8 to 14 years. ADHD was diagnosed according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fourth edition (DSM-IV) criteria using the K-SADS-PL semistructured interview. Participants in the control group were reported to be free of any mental or developmental disorders by their parents and had a score of less than 1.5 SDs above the age-appropriate norm on the ADHD Rating Scale-IV. Other than moderate or severe intellectual disability, no additional exclusion criteria were applied in order that the cohort reflected the typical cross section of patients with ADHD. RESULTS: Diagnostic classifiers were developed using statistical pattern recognition for the entire age range and for specific age ranges and were tested using cross-validation and by application to a separate cohort of recordings not used in the development process. The age-specific classification approach was more accurate (76% accuracy in the independent test cohort; 81% cross-validation accuracy) than the age-independent version (76%; 73%). Chronological age was found to be an important classification feature. CONCLUSIONS: The novel application of EEG-based classification methods presented here can offer significant benefit to the clinician by improving both the accuracy of initial diagnosis and ongoing monitoring of children and adolescents with ADHD. The most accurate possible diagnosis at a single point in time can be obtained by the age-specific classifiers, but the age-independent classifiers are also useful as they enable longitudinal monitoring of brain function.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/diagnóstico , Eletroencefalografia , Adolescente , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
16.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 21(1): 180-4, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25175796

RESUMO

Double umbilical cord blood (dUCB) allogeneic transplantation after a low-dose total body irradiation, cyclophosphamide, and fludarabine (TCF)-based reduced-intensity conditioning regimen (RIC) is increasingly used in adults lacking a suitable related or unrelated donor. Currently, there are little data regarding the long-term outcome of CD3(+) T cell chimerism (TCC) in this particular setting. Thirty-six adults with various hematological diseases who received dUCB allogeneic transplants conditioned with TCF were included in this retrospective study. Peripheral blood CD3(+) TCC was considered until day +100 after transplantation to determine the impact of full versus mixed chimerism on long-term outcomes. Twenty-nine and 7 patients were documented with full and mixed CD3(+) TCC, respectively, within the first 100 days after transplantation. With a median follow-up of 36 months, 3 year-overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) were 61%, (95% confidence interval [CI], 43% to 75%); 50% (95% CI, 32.5% to 66%), and 28% (95% CI, 16% to 44%), respectively. In univariate analysis, a full CD3(+) TCC was associated with a better 3-year DFS: 59% (95% CI, 39% to 75.5%) versus 14% (95% CI, 7% to 46%); hazard ratio (HR), .24 (.09 to .65); P = .005 and a lower CIR: 24% (95% CI, 21.5% to 57%) versus 78% (95% CI, 52% to 99%); HR, .18 (.05 to .50); P = .004. In multivariate analysis, a full CD3(+) TCC remained associated with a lower CIR (HR, .17 [.028 to .99]; P = .049). CD3(+) TCC has no impact on graft-versus-host disease and nonrelapse mortality in this study. In conclusion, here, full CD3(+) TCC was independently associated with a lower risk of relapse in adults receiving a dUCB TCF RIC allogeneic transplantation. This highlights the need to develop immunotherapy approaches allowing for early conversion to full chimerism after this type of transplantation.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical/métodos , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Agonistas Mieloablativos/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Quimeras de Transplante/imunologia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/patologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/imunologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/patologia , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Linfócitos T/citologia , Linfócitos T/transplante , Transplante Autólogo , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Doadores não Relacionados , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados , Vidarabina/uso terapêutico , Irradiação Corporal Total
18.
Cardiol Young ; 24(3): 549-51, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23803361

RESUMO

Shwachman-Diamond syndrome is an inherited bone marrow failure and cancer predisposition syndrome that affects multiple organ systems, including bone, pancreas, and, to a lesser extent, the heart. Myocardial fibrosis, necrosis, and a case of dilated cardiomyopathy have, so far, been described. We report the first case of atrioventricular septal defect in a patient with Shwachman-Diamond syndrome.


Assuntos
Doenças da Medula Óssea/complicações , Insuficiência Pancreática Exócrina/complicações , Defeitos dos Septos Cardíacos/complicações , Lipomatose/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 19(6): 934-9, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23523970

RESUMO

Recent advances in allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) have included the advent of reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimens to decrease the toxicity of myeloablative allo-SCT and the use of double umbilical cord blood (dUCB) units as a graft source in adults lacking a suitable donor. The FB2A2 regimen (fludarabine 30 mg/kg/day for 5-6 days + i.v. busulfan 3.6 mg/kg/day for 2 days + rabbit antithymocyte globulin 2.5 mg/kg/day for 2 days) supported by peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) and the TCF regimen (fludarabine 200 mg/m² for 5 days + cyclophosphamide 50 mg/kg for 1 day + low-dose [2 Gy] total body irradiation) supported by dUCB units are currently the most widely used RIC regimens in many centers and could be considered standard of care in adults eligible for an RIC allo-SCT. Here we compared, retrospectively, the outcomes of adults patients who received the FB2A2-PBSC RIC regimen (n = 52; median age, 59 years; median follow-up, 19 months) and those who received the dUCB-TCF RIC regimen (n = 39; median age, 56 years; median follow-up, 20 months) for allo-SCT between January 2007 and November 2010. There were no significant between-group differences in patient and disease characteristics. Cumulative incidences of engraftment, acute grade II-IV and chronic graft-versus-host disease were similar in the 2 groups. The median time to platelet recovery, incidence of early death (before day +100), and 2-year nonrelapse mortality were significantly higher in the dUCB-TCF group (38 days versus 0 days [P <.0001]; 20.5% versus 4% [P = .05], and 26.5% versus 6% [P = .02], respectively). The groups did not differ in terms of 2-year overall survival (62% for FB2A2-PBSC versus 61% for dUCB-TCF), disease-free survival (59% versus 50.5%), or relapse incidence (35.5% versus 23%). In multivariate analysis, the presence of a lymphoid disorder was associated with a significantly higher 2-year overall survival (hazard ratio, 0.42; 95% confidence interval, 0.20-0.87; P = .02), whereas patients receiving a FB2A2-PBSC allo-SCT had a significantly lower 2-year nonrelapse mortality (hazard ratio, 0.24; 95% confidence interval, 0.1-0.7; P = .01). There were no factors associated with higher 2-year disease-free survival or lower relapse incidence. This study suggests that the dUCB-TCF regimen provides a valid alternative in adults lacking a suitable donor and eligible for RIC allo-SCT. Prospective and randomized studies are warranted to establish the definitive role of dUCB RIC allo-SCT in adults. In addition, strategies for decreasing nonrelapse mortality after dUCB RIC allo-SCT are urgently needed.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Agonistas Mieloablativos/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue Periférico , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Soro Antilinfocitário/uso terapêutico , Bussulfano/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/imunologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados , Vidarabina/uso terapêutico
20.
Eur J Haematol ; 90(3): 177-86, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23301689

RESUMO

This retrospective analysis aimed to assess hematopoietic and immune recovery in a cohort of 53 patients [males: n = 33; median age: 59 yr (range: 22-70)] who received a FB2 (fludarabine 120-150 mg/m² + IV busulfan 6.4 mg/kg + antithymocyte globulin thymoglobulin 5 mg/kg) reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) allo-stem cells transplantations (SCT). With a median follow-up of 19 months (range: 2-53), the 2-yr overall survival, disease-free survival (DFS), relapse incidence, and non-relapse mortality were 63%, 59.5%, 35%, and 6%, respectively. In univariate analysis, the factors correlated with a significantly higher 2-yr OS and DFS were a higher total circulating lymphocytes count at transplant (>730/mm(3) ; OS: 81% vs. 43%, P = 0.02; DFS: 73% vs. 45.5%, P = 0.03) and a higher recovery of leukocytes (>5300/mm(3) ) (2-yr OS: 81% vs. 44%, P = 0.007; 2-yr DFS: 72% vs. 46%, P = 0.08), neutrophils (>3200/mm(3) ) (2-yr OS: 76% vs. 50%, P = 0.03; 2-yr DFS: 67% vs. 52.0%, P = 0.1), and monocytes (>590/mm(3) ; 2-yr OS: 80% vs. 45%, P = 0.004; 2-yr DFS: 76% vs. 42%, P = 0.01) at day +30 post-transplant. In multivariate analysis, the only independent factors associated with a significantly higher OS and DFS were a better immune status at transplant (lymphocytes count >730/mm(3) ) and a higher monocytes count (>590/mm(3) ) at day +30 post-transplant. These results suggest that immune status and hematopoietic recovery before and after FB2 RIC allo-SCT can be significant predictors of outcome. This paves the way for future studies aiming to closely monitor the kinetics of immune recovery after RIC allo-SCT and to evaluate the impact of growth factors and other immunostimulatory cytokines in the setting of RIC allo-SCT.


Assuntos
Soro Antilinfocitário/uso terapêutico , Bussulfano/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia/terapia , Linfoma/terapia , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Agonistas Mieloablativos/uso terapêutico , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Idoso , Soro Antilinfocitário/farmacologia , Bussulfano/farmacologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Imunidade Inata/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucemia/imunologia , Leucemia/mortalidade , Linfoma/imunologia , Linfoma/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/imunologia , Mieloma Múltiplo/mortalidade , Agonistas Mieloablativos/farmacologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica/imunologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Homólogo , Vidarabina/farmacologia , Vidarabina/uso terapêutico
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA