Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 142
Filtrar
1.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(11)2022 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35681790

RESUMO

Detection of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) has been established as an independent prognostic marker in solid cancer. Multiparametric phenotyping of CTCs could expand the area of application for this liquid biomarker. We evaluated the Amnis® brand ImageStream®X MkII (ISX) (Luminex, Austin, TX, USA) imaging flow cytometer for its suitability for protein expression analysis and monitoring of treatment effects in CTCs. This was carried out using blood samples from patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (n = 16) and breast cancer (n = 8). A protocol for negative enrichment and staining of CTCs was established, allowing quantitative analysis of the therapeutic targets PD-L1 and phosphorylated EGFR (phospho-EGFR), and the treatment response marker γH2AX as an indicator of radiation-induced DNA damage. Spiking experiments revealed a sensitivity of 73% and a specificity of 100% at a cut-off value of ≥3 CTCs, and thus confirmed the suitability of the ISX-based protocol to detect phospho-EGFR and γH2AX foci in CTCs. Analysis of PD-L1/-L2 in both spiked and patient blood samples further showed that assessment of heterogeneity in protein expression within the CTC population was possible. Further validation of the diagnostic potential of this ISX protocol for multiparametric CTC analysis in larger clinical cohorts is warranted.

2.
JAMA Oncol ; 2022 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35588050

RESUMO

Importance: Adjuvant denosumab might improve disease-free survival in hormone receptor (HR)-positive primary breast cancer (BC). The optimal neoadjuvant nab-paclitaxel schedule in terms of efficacy and safety is unclear. Objective: To determine whether adding denosumab to anthracycline/taxane-containing neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) increases the pathological complete response (pCR) rate and which nab-paclitaxel schedule is more effective in the NACT setting. Design, Setting, and Participants: The GeparX was a multicenter, prospective, open-label, phase 2b, 2 × 2 randomized clinical trial conducted by GBG and AGO-B at 38 German sites between February 2017 and March 2019. The analysis data set was locked September 4, 2020; analysis was completed November 13, 2020. Patients had unilateral or bilateral primary BC, stage cT2-cT4a-d or cT1c, with either clinically node-positive or pathologically node-positive or HR-negative disease, or Ki-67 proliferation index greater than 20%, or ERBB2 (formerly HER2)-positive BC. Interventions: Patients were randomized to receive or not receive denosumab, 120 mg subcutaneously every 4 weeks for 6 cycles, and either nab-paclitaxel, 125 mg/m2 weekly for 12 weeks or days 1 and 8 every 3 weeks for 4 cycles (8 doses), followed by 4 cycles of epirubicin/cyclophosphamide, 90/600 mg/m2 (every 2 weeks or every 3 weeks). Carboplatin was given in triple-negative BC (TNBC), and trastuzumab biosimilar ABP980 plus pertuzumab was given in ERBB2-positive BC (ERBB2-positive substudy). Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was pCR rates between arms for each randomization. Results: A total of 780 female (n = 779) and male (n = 1) patients (median [range] age, 49.0 [22-80] years) were randomized to the 4 treatment groups. The pCR (ypT0 ypN0) rate was 41.0% (90% CI, 37%-45%) with denosumab vs 42.8% (90% CI, 39%-47%) (P = .58) without denosumab, irrespective of BC subtype. Nab-paclitaxel weekly resulted in a significantly (significance level of α = .10) higher pCR rate of 44.9% (90% CI, 41%-49%) vs 39.0% (90% CI, 35%-43%) (P = .06) with nab-paclitaxel days 1 and 8 every 3 weeks. The pCR rates for nab-paclitaxel schedules in subgroups were only significantly different for TNBC (60.4% vs 50.0%; P = .06). Grade 3 to 4 toxic effects did not differ with or without denosumab. Nonhematologic toxic effects of grade 3 to 4 were higher with nab-paclitaxel weekly (33.7% vs 24.1%; P = .004). Conclusions and Relevance: In this randomized clinical trial, denosumab added to anthracycline/taxane-based NACT did not improve pCR rates. Nab-paclitaxel at a dosage of 125 mg/m2 weekly significantly increased the pCR rate compared with the days 1 and 8, every-3-weeks schedule overall and in TNBC, but generated higher toxicity. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02682693.

3.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(7)2022 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35406491

RESUMO

Soluble MUC1 has been discussed as a biomarker for predicting prognosis, treatment efficacy, and monitoring disease activity in breast cancer (BC) patients. Most studies in adjuvant settings have used preoperative assessment. This study, part of the SUCCESS-A trial (NCT02181101), assessed the prognostic value of soluble MUC1 before and after standard adjuvant chemotherapy. Patients with high-risk BC were treated within the SUCCESS-A trial with either three cycles of 5-fluorouracil, epirubicin, and cyclophosphamide followed by three cycles of docetaxel or three cycles of FEC followed by three cycles of docetaxel and gemcitabine. Cox regression analyses were performed to investigate the prognostic value of CA27.29 before and after chemotherapy relative to disease-free survival (DFS), along with established BC prognostic factors such as age, body mass index, tumor size, nodal status, estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, HER2 status, and grading. Pre-chemotherapy and post-chemotherapy CA27.29 assessments were available for 2687 patients of 3754 randomized patients. Pre-chemotherapy CA27.29 assessment was associated with DFS in addition to established prognostic factors. It had no prognostic value in node-negative patients, but there was a clear association in node-positive patients. Post-chemotherapy CA27.29 assessment did not add any prognostic value, either on its own or in addition to pre-chemotherapy CA27.29 assessment.

4.
Breast ; 63: 123-139, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35366506

RESUMO

AIM: Demand for nipple- and skin- sparing mastectomy (NSM/SSM) with immediate breast reconstruction (BR) has increased at the same time as indications for post-mastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) have broadened. The aim of the Oncoplastic Breast Consortium initiative was to address relevant questions arising with this clinically challenging scenario. METHODS: A large global panel of oncologic, oncoplastic and reconstructive breast surgeons, patient advocates and radiation oncologists developed recommendations for clinical practice in an iterative process based on the principles of Delphi methodology. RESULTS: The panel agreed that surgical technique for NSM/SSM should not be formally modified when PMRT is planned with preference for autologous over implant-based BR due to lower risk of long-term complications and support for immediate and delayed-immediate reconstructive approaches. Nevertheless, it was strongly believed that PMRT is not an absolute contraindication for implant-based or other types of BR, but no specific recommendations regarding implant positioning, use of mesh or timing were made due to absence of high-quality evidence. The panel endorsed use of patient-reported outcomes in clinical practice. It was acknowledged that the shape and size of reconstructed breasts can hinder radiotherapy planning and attention to details of PMRT techniques is important in determining aesthetic outcomes after immediate BR. CONCLUSIONS: The panel endorsed the need for prospective, ideally randomised phase III studies and for surgical and radiation oncology teams to work together for determination of optimal sequencing and techniques for PMRT for each patient in the context of BR.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mamoplastia , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Mamoplastia/métodos , Mastectomia/métodos , Mamilos , Estudos Prospectivos
5.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 32(6): 746-752, 2022 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35383091

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The international Charité-MAYO Conference aims to promote international dialog on diagnostics, management, scientific breakthroughs, and state-of-the-art surgical procedures in gynecology and gynecologic oncology and senology. Live surgeries are a fundamental tool of interdisciplinary and international exchange of experts in their respective fields. Currently, there is a controversial and emotional debate about the true value, risks, and safety of live surgical broadcasts. The aim of the current study is to analyze peri-operative risks in patients who were operated live during the Charité-MAYO Conferences. METHODS: Live surgeries were performed by the core Charité team consisting of gynecologic oncologic surgeons, breast and plastic surgeons, partly in collaboration with visiting gynecologic oncologic surgeons. We performed a retrospective analysis of live surgeries performed during seven Charité-MAYO Conferences from 2010 to 2019 held in Berlin, Germany. Patients' files and tumor databases were analyzed as required and patients were contacted to update their long-term follow-up. RESULTS: Sixty-nine patients who were operated live were included. The types of surgery were as follows: urogynecologic procedures (n=13), breast surgery (n=21), and gynecologic oncology surgery for ovarian, uterine, vulvar or cervical cancer (n=35). Peri-operative complications were assessed according to the Clavien-Dindo classification. Despite a high rate of complete resection and the high frequency of multivisceral procedures, the rate of peri-operative complications was within the range published in the literature. Time of surgery and length of intensive unit care and hospital stay did not differ from data acquired at the home institution. CONCLUSIONS: Based on our analysis, live surgeries appear to be safe when performed within a multidisciplinary setting without an increase in surgical morbidity and mortality compared with historical controls and without compromise of patients' outcome. This is the first analysis of its kind to set the basis for patient information and consent for this type of surgeries.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Feminino , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/complicações , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
JCI Insight ; 7(6)2022 03 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35133982

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDPaclitaxel chemotherapy frequently induces dose-limiting sensory axonal polyneuropathy. Given that sensory symptoms are challenging to assess objectively in clinical practice, an easily accessible biomarker for chemotherapy-induced polyneuropathy (CIPN) holds the potential to improve early diagnosis. Here, we describe neurofilament light chain (NFL), a marker for neuroaxonal damage, as a translational surrogate marker for CIPN.METHODSNFL concentrations were measured in an in vitro model of CIPN, exposing induced pluripotent stem cell-derived sensory neurons (iPSC-DSNs) to paclitaxel. Patients with breast or ovarian cancer undergoing paclitaxel chemotherapy, breast cancer control patients without chemotherapy, and healthy controls were recruited in a cohort study and examined before chemotherapy (V1) and after 28 weeks (V2, after chemotherapy). CIPN was assessed by the validated Total Neuropathy Score reduced (TNSr), which combines patient-reported symptoms with data from clinical examinations. Serum NFL (NFLs) concentrations were measured at both visits with single-molecule array technology.RESULTSNFL was released from iPSC-DSNs upon paclitaxel incubation in a dose- and time-dependent manner and was inversely correlated with iPSC-DSN viability. NFLs strongly increased in paclitaxel-treated patients with CIPN, but not in patients receiving chemotherapy without CIPN or controls, resulting in an 86% sensitivity and 87% specificity. An NFLs increase of +36 pg/mL from baseline was associated with a predicted CIPN probability of more than 0.5.CONCLUSIONNFLs was correlated with CIPN development and severity, which may guide neurotoxic chemotherapy in the future.TRIAL REGISTRATIONClinicalTrials.gov NCT02753036.FUNDINGDeutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (EXC 257 NeuroCure), BMBF (Center for Stroke Research Berlin, 01 EO 0801), Animalfree Research, EU Horizon 2020 Innovative Medicines Initiative 2 Joint Undertaking (TransBioLine, 821283), Charité 3R - Replace - Reduce - Refine.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico , Polineuropatias , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Biomarcadores , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Proteínas de Neurofilamentos , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/induzido quimicamente , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/diagnóstico , Polineuropatias/induzido quimicamente , Polineuropatias/diagnóstico
7.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(3)2022 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35158789

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The conversion of initially histologically confirmed axillary lymph node-positive (pN+) to ypN0 after neoadjuvant systemic treatment (NAST) is an important prognostic factor in breast cancer (BC) patients and may influence surgical de-escalation strategies. We aimed to determine pCR rates in lymph nodes (pCR-LN), the breast (pCR-B), and both (tpCR) in women who present with pN+ BC, to assess predictors for response and the impact of pCR-LN, pCR-B, and tpCR on invasive disease-free survival (iDFS). METHODS: Retrospective, exploratory analysis of 242 patients with pN+ at diagnosis from the multicentric, randomized GeparOcto trial. RESULTS: Of 242 patients with initially pN+ disease, 134 (55.4%) had a pCR-LN, and 109 (45.0%) a pCR-B. Of the 109 pCR-B patients, 9 (8.3%) patients had involved LN, and 100 (41.3%) patients had tpCR. Those with involved LN still had a bad prognosis. As expected, pCR-B and intrinsic subtypes (TNBC and HER2+) were identified as independent predictors of pCR-LN. pCR-LN (ypN0; hazard ratio 0.42; 95%, CI 0.23-0.75; p = 0.0028 for iDFS) was the strongest independent prognostic factor. CONCLUSIONS: In initially pN+ patients undergoing NAST, the conversion to ypN0 is of high prognostic value. Surgical axillary staging after NAST is still essential in these patients to offer tailored treatment.

9.
J Clin Oncol ; 40(17): 1903-1915, 2022 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35108029

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Neoadjuvant systemic treatment (NST) elicits a pathologic complete response in 40%-70% of women with breast cancer. These patients may not need surgery as all local tumor has already been eradicated by NST. However, nonsurgical approaches, including imaging or vacuum-assisted biopsy (VAB), were not able to accurately identify patients without residual cancer in the breast or axilla. We evaluated the feasibility of a machine learning algorithm (intelligent VAB) to identify exceptional responders to NST. METHODS: We trained, tested, and validated a machine learning algorithm using patient, imaging, tumor, and VAB variables to detect residual cancer after NST (ypT+ or in situ or ypN+) before surgery. We used data from 318 women with cT1-3, cN0 or +, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive, triple-negative, or high-proliferative Luminal B-like breast cancer who underwent VAB before surgery (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02948764, RESPONDER trial). We used 10-fold cross-validation to train and test the algorithm, which was then externally validated using data of an independent trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02575612). We compared findings with the histopathologic evaluation of the surgical specimen. We considered false-negative rate (FNR) and specificity to be the main outcomes. RESULTS: In the development set (n = 318) and external validation set (n = 45), the intelligent VAB showed an FNR of 0.0%-5.2%, a specificity of 37.5%-40.0%, and an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.91-0.92 to detect residual cancer (ypT+ or in situ or ypN+) after NST. Spiegelhalter's Z confirmed a well-calibrated model (z score -0.746, P = .228). FNR of the intelligent VAB was lower compared with imaging after NST, VAB alone, or combinations of both. CONCLUSION: An intelligent VAB algorithm can reliably exclude residual cancer after NST. The omission of breast and axillary surgery for these exceptional responders may be evaluated in future trials.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Axila/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Neoplasia Residual
10.
Integr Cancer Ther ; 21: 15347354211066067, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35045736

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer (BC) survivors often suffer from disease- and therapy-related long-term side-effects. The study aim was to explore the feasibility, adherence, and individual experiences as well as possible effects of 2 different walking interventions in BC patients. METHODS: This randomized controlled, pragmatic pilot trial included a qualitative study component. BC patients were randomized to either mindful walking (MFW) with mindfulness exercises and walking or moderate walking (MW) alone in weekly group sessions over 8 weeks. After 8 and 16 weeks, satisfaction, and self-perceived effectiveness as well as different health-related outcomes including health-related (WHOQOL-BREF) and disease-specific quality of life (FACT-G), perceived stress (PSQ) and cancer-related fatigue (CFS-D) were assessed. ANCOVA was used to evaluate differences in study outcomes. Qualitative data included 4 focus group interviews including 20 patients and were analyzed using a directed qualitative content analysis approach. RESULTS: Altogether, 51 women (mean age 55.8 years (SD 10.9)) were randomized (n = 24 MFW; n = 27 MW). Both groups would recommend the course to other BC patients (MFW 88.9%; MW 95.2%) and showed possible improvements from baseline to week 8, without statistically significant difference between groups: WHOQOL-BREF (MFW: adjusted mean 65.4 (95% confidence interval (CI), 57.1-73.7); MW: 61.6 (53.6-69.6)); FACT-G (MFW: 76.0 (71.5-80.5); MW: 73.0 (68.5-77.4)); PSQ (MFW: 45.3 (40.5-50.1); MW: 45.4 (40.8-50.0)); CFS-D (MFW: 24.3 (20.8-27.8); MW: 25.5 (22.1-28.8)). Improvements lasted until the 16-weeks follow-up. The qualitative analysis suggested that MFW primarily promoted mindfulness, self-care, and acceptability in BC patients, whereas MW activated and empowered the patients as a result of the physical exercise. CONCLUSION: Both study interventions were positively evaluated by patients and showed possible pre-post effects in disease-specific health-related outcomes without differences between groups. The qualitative analysis results indicate that different resources and coping strategies were addressed by the 2 study interventions. TRIAL REGISTRATION: DKRS00011521; prospectively registered 21.12.2016; https://www.drks.de/drks_web/navigate.do?navigationId=trial.HTML&TRIAL_ID=DRKS00011521.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Sobreviventes de Câncer , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica , Atenção Plena , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atenção Plena/métodos , Projetos Piloto , Qualidade de Vida , Caminhada
11.
Eur J Cancer ; 163: 128-139, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35066338

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To deliver patient-reported outcome (PRO) reference data for breast cancer and various other breast diseases to facilitate the interpretation of PRO scores during routine breast cancer treatment. METHODS: To determine reference baseline values for the PRO measures EORTC QLQ-C30 and EORTC QLQ-BR23, PRO data captured in the breast cancer centre at Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin from 2016 to 2021 were evaluated. As part of the clinical routine, ambulatory patients were asked to answer a digital survey regarding their medical history, current health status and health-related quality of life using the aforementioned questionnaires prior to their doctor's appointment in the outpatient breast clinic. Adjusted linear and variable dispersion beta regression models were used to compare different diagnosis groups. RESULTS: A total of 3689 patients were included in the digital PRO program, of which 1478 were eligible for this study; 729 had invasive breast cancer or ductal carcinoma in situ, 270 patients were diagnosed with fibroadenoma and 479 patients had other breast diseases such as cysts, mastopathy or abscesses. Overall, patients with breast cancer reported worse scores in almost all domains except for role functioning, sexual functioning and body image. Compared to previously published reference scores for early breast cancer, the current data show a more pronounced impact on perceived emotional and cognitive functioning. CONCLUSION: The results of this study are of high value for the interpretation of PROs and facilitate their use in clinical practice and clinical trials. The scores indicate an urgent need for psychosocial support prior to treatment.


Assuntos
Doenças Mamárias , Neoplasias da Mama , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante , Fibroadenoma , Doenças Mamárias/psicologia , Doenças Mamárias/terapia , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/psicologia , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/terapia , Feminino , Fibroadenoma/psicologia , Fibroadenoma/terapia , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Análise de Regressão , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Cancer Res ; 82(7): 1321-1339, 2022 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35078818

RESUMO

Constitutively active estrogen receptor α (ER/ESR1) mutations have been identified in approximately one-third of ER+ metastatic breast cancers. Although these mutations are known as mediators of endocrine resistance, their potential role in promoting metastatic disease has not yet been mechanistically addressed. In this study, we show the presence of ESR1 mutations exclusively in distant but not local recurrences in five independent breast cancer cohorts. In concordance with transcriptomic profiling of ESR1-mutant tumors, genome-edited ESR1 Y537S and D538G-mutant cell models exhibited a reprogrammed cell adhesive gene network via alterations in desmosome/gap junction genes and the TIMP3/MMP axis, which functionally conferred enhanced cell-cell contacts while decreasing cell-extracellular matrix adhesion. In vivo studies showed ESR1-mutant cells were associated with larger multicellular circulating tumor cell (CTC) clusters with increased compactness compared with ESR1 wild-type CTCs. These preclinical findings translated to clinical observations, where CTC clusters were enriched in patients with ESR1-mutated metastatic breast cancer. Conversely, context-dependent migratory phenotypes revealed cotargeting of Wnt and ER as a vulnerability in a D538G cell model. Mechanistically, mutant ESR1 exhibited noncanonical regulation of several metastatic pathways, including secondary transcriptional regulation and de novo FOXA1-driven chromatin remodeling. Collectively, these data provide evidence for ESR1 mutation-modulated metastasis and suggest future therapeutic strategies for targeting ESR1-mutant breast cancer. SIGNIFICANCE: Context- and allele-dependent transcriptome and cistrome reprogramming in mutant ESR1 cell models elicit diverse metastatic phenotypes related to cell adhesion and migration, which can be pharmacologically targeted in metastatic breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio , Segunda Neoplasia Primária , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Mutação
13.
Eur J Cancer ; 160: 100-111, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34801353

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: GeparOcto demonstrated that pathological complete response (pCR) of intense dose-dense epirubicin, paclitaxel and cyclophosphamide (iddEPC) was comparable to weekly paclitaxel/non-pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (plus carboplatin (PM(Cb) in triple-negative breast cancer [TNBC]) in high-risk early breast cancer (BC). Here, we report time-to-event secondary end-points. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients were randomised to receive 18 weeks of E (150 mg/m2) followed by P (225 mg/m2) followed by C (2000 mg/m2), each q2w or weekly P (80 mg/m2) plus M (20 mg/m2) plus, in TNBC, Cb (AUC 1.5). Patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive (HER2+)BC received trastuzumab (6[loading dose 8]mg/kg q3w) and pertuzumab (420[840]mg q3w) with P and C cycles. RESULTS: 945 patients started treatment (iddEPC n = 470; PM(Cb) n = 475). After a median follow-up of 47.0 (range 1.6-61.5) months, 162 (75 in iddEPC; 87 in PM(Cb)) invasive disease-free survival (iDFS) events and 79 (41 in iddEPC; 38 in PM(Cb)) deaths were reported. No significant difference was observed in 4-year iDFS (81.9% iddEPC versus 79.7% PM(Cb), HR = 1.16 [95%CI 0.85-1.59], log-rank p = 0.334) or 4-year overall survival (OS) (90.3% iddEPC versus 90.6% PM(Cb), HR = 0.90 [95%CI 0.58-1.40], log-rank p = 0.637) overall and in HER2+ and TNBC subgroups. HR+/HER2- BC patients, however, had significantly better 4-year iDFS (77.9% iddEPC versus 62.5% PM, HR = 2.11 [95%CI 1.08-4.10], log-rank p = 0.025) and 4-year OS with iddEPC (94.7% iddEPC versus 80.1% PM, HR = 3.26 [95%CI 1.06-10.00], log-rank p = 0.029). CONCLUSION: While there was no difference in survival for the entire cohort, the HR+/HER2-subgroup significantly benefits from iddEPC. This supports the concept of an additional effect of NACT beyond pCR in patients with HR+/HER2- BC. CLINICALTRIALS. GOV IDENTIFIER: NCT02125344.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/análogos & derivados , Epirubicina/uso terapêutico , Paclitaxel/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/mortalidade , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Ciclofosfamida/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Epirubicina/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Polietilenoglicóis/farmacologia , Polietilenoglicóis/uso terapêutico , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida
14.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 191(2): 327-333, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783927

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Risk assessment on the molecular level is important in predictive pathology to determine the risk of metastatic disease for ERpos, HER2neg breast cancer. The gene expression test EndoPredict (EP) was trained and validated for prediction of a 10-year risk of distant recurrence to support therapy decisions regarding endocrine therapy alone or in combination with chemotherapy. The EP test provides the 12-gene Molecular Score (MS) and the EPclin-Score (EPclin), which combines the molecular score with tumor size and nodal status. In this project we investigated the correlation of 12-gene MS and EPclin scores with classical pathological markers. METHODS: EndoPredict-based gene expression profiling was performed prospectively in a total of 1652 patients between 2017 and 2020. We investigated tumor grading and Ki67 cut-offs of 20% for binary classification as well as 10% and 30% for three classes (low, intermediate, high), based on national and international guidelines. RESULTS: 410 (24.8%) of 1652 patients were classified as 12-gene MS low risk and 626 (37.9%) as EPclin low risk. We found significant positive associations between 12-gene MS and grading (p < 0.001), EPclin and grading (p = 0.001), 12-gene MS and Ki67 (p < 0.001), and EPclin and Ki67 (p < 0.001). However, clinically relevant differences between EP test results, Ki67 and tumor grading were observed. For example, 118 (26.3%) of 449 patients with Ki67 > 20% were classified as low risk by EPclin. Same differences were seen comparing EP test results and tumor grading. CONCLUSION: In this study we could show that EP risk scores are distributed differentially among Ki67 expression groups, especially in Ki67 low and high tumors with a substantial proportion of patients with EPclin high risk results in Ki67 low tumors and vice versa. This suggests that classical pathological parameters and gene expression parameters are not interchangeable, but should be used in combination for risk assessment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Prognóstico , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Receptores de Estrogênio , Medição de Risco
15.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 29(2): 1061-1070, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34647202

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Recent data suggest that margins ≥2 mm after breast-conserving surgery may improve local control in invasive breast cancer (BC). By allowing large resection volumes, oncoplastic breast-conserving surgery (OBCII; Clough level II/Tübingen 5-6) may achieve better local control than conventional breast conserving surgery (BCS; Tübingen 1-2) or oncoplastic breast conservation with low resection volumes (OBCI; Clough level I/Tübingen 3-4). METHODS: Data from consecutive high-risk BC patients treated in 15 centers from the Oncoplastic Breast Consortium (OPBC) network, between January 2010 and December 2013, were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 3,177 women were included, 30% of whom were treated with OBC (OBCI n = 663; OBCII n = 297). The BCS/OBCI group had significantly smaller tumors and smaller resection margins compared with OBCII (pT1: 50% vs. 37%, p = 0.002; proportion with margin <1 mm: 17% vs. 6%, p < 0.001). There were significantly more re-excisions due to R1 ("ink on tumor") in the BCS/OBCI compared with the OBCII group (11% vs. 7%, p = 0.049). Univariate and multivariable regression analysis adjusted for tumor biology, tumor size, radiotherapy, and systemic treatment demonstrated no differences in local, regional, or distant recurrence-free or overall survival between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Large resection volumes in oncoplastic surgery increases the distance from cancer cells to the margin of the specimen and reduces reexcision rates significantly. With OBCII larger tumors are resected with similar local, regional and distant recurrence-free as well as overall survival rates as BCS/OBCI.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mamoplastia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia Segmentar , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Ann Surg ; 275(3): 576-581, 2022 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32657944

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the ability of minimally invasive, image-guided vacuum-assisted biopsy (VAB) to reliably diagnose a pathologic complete response in the breast (pCR-B). SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Neoadjuvant systemic treatment (NST) elicits a pathologic complete response in up to 80% of women with breast cancer. In such cases, breast surgery, the gold standard for confirming pCR-B, may be considered overtreatment. METHODS: This multicenter, prospective trial enrolled 452 women presenting with initial stage 1-3 breast cancer of all biological subtypes. Fifty-four women dropped out; 398 were included in the full analysis. All participants had an imaging-confirmed partial or complete response to NST and underwent study-specific image-guided VAB before guideline-adherent breast surgery. The primary endpoint was the false-negative rate (FNR) of VAB-confirmed pCR-B. RESULTS: Image-guided VAB alone did not detect surgically confirmed residual tumor in 37 of 208 women [FNR, 17.8%; 95% confidence interval (CI), 12.8-23.7%]. Of these 37 women, 12 (32.4%) had residual DCIS only, 20 (54.1%) had minimal residual tumor (<5 mm), and 19 of 25 (76.0%) exhibited invasive cancer cellularity of ≤10%. In 19 of the 37 cases (51.4%), the false-negative result was potentially avoidable. Exploratory analysis showed that performing VAB with the largest needle by volume (7-gauge) resulted in no false-negative results and that combining imaging and image-guided VAB into a single diagnostic test lowered the FNR to 6.2% (95% CI, 3.4%-10.5%). CONCLUSIONS: Image-guided VAB missed residual disease more often than expected. Refinements in procedure and patient selection seem possible and necessary before omitting breast surgery.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Adulto , Congressos como Assunto , Feminino , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
18.
Int J Cancer ; 150(8): 1357-1372, 2022 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34927257

RESUMO

Estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer is a highly prevalent but heterogeneous disease among women. Advanced molecular stratification is required to enable individually most efficient treatments based on relevant prognostic and predictive biomarkers. First objective of our study was the hypothesis-driven discovery of biomarkers involved in tumor progression upon xenotransplantation of Luminal breast cancer into humanized mice. The second objective was the marker validation and correlation with the clinical outcome of Luminal breast cancer disease within the GeparTrio trial. An elevated mdm2 gene copy number was associated with enhanced tumor growth and lung metastasis in humanized tumor mice. The viability, proliferation and migration capacity of inherently mdm2 positive breast cancer cells in vitro were significantly reduced upon mdm2 knockdown or anti-mdm2 targeting. An mdm2 gain significantly correlated with a worse DFS and OS of Luminal breast cancer patients, albeit it was also associated with an enhanced preoperative pathological response rate. We provide evidence for an enhanced Luminal breast cancer stratification based on mdm2. Moreover, mdm2 can potentially be utilized as a therapeutic target in the Luminal subtype.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-mdm2/genética , Animais , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Amplificação de Genes , Humanos , Camundongos , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Transplante Heterólogo
19.
Ultraschall Med ; 2021 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês, Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34921376

RESUMO

For many years, breast ultrasound has been used in addition to mammography as an important method for clarifying breast findings. However, differences in the interpretation of findings continue to be problematic 1 2. These differences decrease the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound after detection of a finding and complicate interdisciplinary communication and the comparison of scientific studies 3. In 1999, the American College of Radiology (ACR) created a working group (International Expert Working Group) that developed a classification system for ultrasound examinations based on the established BI-RADS classification of mammographic findings under consideration of literature data 4. Due to differences in content, the German Society for Ultrasound in Medicine (DEGUM) published its own BI-RADS-analogue criteria catalog in 2006 3. In addition to the persistence of differences in content, there is also an issue with formal licensing with the current 5th edition of the ACR BI-RADS catalog, even though the content is recognized by the DEGUM as another system for describing and documenting findings. The goal of the Best Practice Guideline of the Breast Ultrasound Working Group of the DEGUM is to provide colleagues specialized in senology with a current catalog of ultrasound criteria and assessment categories as well as best practice recommendations for the various ultrasound modalities.

20.
Breast Care (Basel) ; 16(5): 461-467, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34720805

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Over the last decades, the number of acellular dermal matrix (ADM)-assisted implant-based breast reconstructions (IBBR) has substantially increased. However, there is still a lack of prospective data on complication rates. METHODS: We performed a non-interventional, multicenter, prospective cohort study to evaluate complication rates of a human ADM in patients undergoing an IBBR after skin- and nipple-sparing mastectomies. Patients with primary reconstruction (cohort A) and patients undergoing a secondary reconstruction after capsular fibrosis (cohort B) using the human ADM Epiflex® (DIZG gGmbH, Berlin, Germany) were enrolled in this study. Patients were followed-up for 12 months after surgery. RESULTS: Eighty-four eligible patients were included in this study of whom 28 women underwent a bilateral breast reconstruction, leading to 112 human ADM-assisted reconstructions in total (cohort A: 73, cohort B: 39). In 33.0% of the reconstructed breasts at least one of the complications of primary interest occurred, including implant loss 7.1%, seroma 15.2%; infection 5.4%, rash 8.0%, and Baker grade III/IV capsular fibrosis 2.7%, with no statistically significant differences between the cohorts. Previous radiation therapy was significantly associated with occurrence of any postoperative complication (OR 20.41; p value 0.027). CONCLUSION: The rates of most complications were comparable to the rates reported for other ADMs with relatively low rates of capsular fibrosis and infections. The rate of seroma was increased in our study. Prior radiation therapy increased the risk of any postoperative complications. Therefore, the use of ADM in these patients should be considered carefully.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...