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Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Ther ; 12(4): 194-203, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31319058


OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Patients with follicular lymphoma (FL) with early therapy failure (ETF) within 2 years of frontline therapy have poor overall survival (OS). We recently reported the results of autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in patients from the Grupo Español de Linfomas y Trasplantes de Médula Ósea (GELTAMO) registry treated with rituximab prior to ASCT and with ETF after first-line immunochemotherapy, leading to 81% 5-year OS since ASCT. We explored whether ASCT is also an effective option in the pre-rituximab era-that is, in patients treated in induction and rescued only with chemotherapy. METHODS: ETF was defined as relapse/progression within 2 years of starting first-line therapy. We identified two groups: the ETF cohort (n = 87) and the non-ETF cohort (n = 47 patients receiving ASCT but not experiencing ETF following first-line therapy). RESULTS: There was a significant difference in 5-year progression-free survival between the ETF and non-ETF cohorts (43% vs. 57%, respectively; p = .048). Nevertheless, in patients with ETF with an interval from first relapse after primary treatment to ASCT of <1 year, no differences were observed in 5-year progression-free survival (48% vs. 66%, respectively; p = .44) or in 5-year OS (69% vs. 77%, p = .4). Patients in the ETF cohort transplanted in complete remission showed a plateau in the OS curves, at 56%, beyond 13.7 years of follow-up. CONCLUSION: ASCT may be a curative option for ETF in patients who respond to rescue chemotherapy, without the need for immunotherapy or other therapies, and should be considered as an early consolidation, especially in patients with difficult access to rituximab.

Ann Hematol ; 97(8): 1349-1356, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29572561


The coexistence of autoimmune disorders (AD) in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) has been widely recognized, although with distinct results regarding their prevalence and impact on the outcomes of the underlying hematological process. This study was aimed to analyze the prevalence, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of MDS with AD in a series of 142 patients diagnosed with MDS and CMML. AD was ascertained by both the presence of clinical symptoms or compatible serological tests. In total, 48% patients were diagnosed as having AD, being hypothyroidism the most commonly reported clinical AD (8%) and antinuclear antibodies the most frequent serological parameter identified (23.2%). The presence of AD was associated with female gender, lower hemoglobin levels, and higher IPSS-R. Overall survival for patients with AD was inferior to those with no AD (69 vs. 88% at 30 months; HR 2.75, P = 0.008). Notably, clinical but not isolated immune serological parameters had an impact on the outcomes of patients with AD. Finally, in a multivariate analysis, the presence of AD (HR 2.26) along with disease risk categories (very low and low vs. intermediate, high, and very high IPSS-R; HR 4.62) retained their independent prognostic value (P < 0.001). In conclusion, AD are prevalent in MDS and CMML patients and have prognostic implications, especially in lower-risk MDS patients.

Doenças Autoimunes/complicações , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/complicações , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico , Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Doenças Autoimunes/imunologia , Biomarcadores , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Leucemia Mielomonocítica Crônica/epidemiologia , Leucemia Mielomonocítica Crônica/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/diagnóstico , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
Cancer Med ; 6(12): 2766-2774, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29076254


Overall survival (OS) is the gold-standard end point for studies evaluating autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in follicular lymphoma (FL), but assessment may be elusive due to the lengthy disease course. We analyzed the validity of two earlier end points, proposed in the setting of first-line chemo-/immunotherapy, as surrogates for OS-progression-free survival (PFS) status at 24 months (PFS24) and complete response at 30 months (CR30) post-ASCT. We also have investigated the clinical features of patients with early progression after ASCT. Data were available for 626 chemosensitive FL patients who received ASCT between 1989 and 2007. Median follow-up was 12.2 years from ASCT. In the PFS24 analysis, 153 (24%) patients progressed within 24 months and 447 were alive and progression-free at 24 months post-ASCT (26 who died without disease progressions within 24 months were excluded). Early progression was associated with shorter OS (hazard ratio [HR], 6.8; P = 0.00001). In the subgroup of patients who received an ASCT in the setting or relapse after being exposed to rituximab, the HR was 11.3 (95% CI, 3.9-30.2; P < 0.00001). In the CR30 analysis, 183 of 596 (31%) response-evaluable patients progressed/died with 30 months post-ASCT. The absence of CR30 was associated with shorter OS (HR, 7.8; P < 0.00001), including in patients with prior rituximab (HR, 8.2). PFS24 and CR30 post-ASCT are associated with poor outcomes and should be primary end points. Further research is needed to identify this population to be offered alternative treatments.

Linfoma Folicular/cirurgia , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Bases de Dados Factuais , Progressão da Doença , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Determinação de Ponto Final , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia/métodos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma Folicular/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Espanha , Transplante de Células-Tronco/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
Am J Hematol ; 90(5): 429-33, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25683327


The role of bosutinib as rescue treatment of Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients after failing three previous tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) is currently unknown. We report here the largest series (to our knowledge) of patients treated with bosutinib in fourth-line, after retrospectively reviewing 30 patients in chronic phase, and pretreated with imatinib, nilotinib, and dasatinib. With a median follow up of 11.1 months, the probability to either maintain or improve their CCyR response was 56.6% (17/30) and 11 patients (36.7%) achieved or maintained their baseline MMR. In patients not having baseline CCyR, the probabilities of obtaining CCyR, MMR, and MR4.5 were 13, 11, and 14%, respectively. The probabilities of obtaining MMR and deep molecular response MR4.5 in patients with baseline CCyR were 40.0% (6/15) and 20.0% (3/15). At 20 months, progression-free survival was 73%. Grade 3-4 hematological toxicities were more frequent in resistant than intolerant patients (45.4 vs. 0.0%). Nonhematological toxicities were also more frequent in resistant patients, being diarrhea the most conspicuous one. Bosutinib seems to be an appropriate treatment option for patients resistant or intolerant to three prior TKI's.

Compostos de Anilina/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Ensaios de Uso Compassivo , Leucemia Mieloide de Fase Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Nitrilos/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Quinolinas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Benzamidas/uso terapêutico , Dasatinibe , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib , Leucemia Mieloide de Fase Crônica/enzimologia , Leucemia Mieloide de Fase Crônica/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide de Fase Crônica/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Piperazinas/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha , Análise de Sobrevida , Tiazóis/uso terapêutico
Blood ; 122(24): 3951-9, 2013 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24124086


The effectiveness of rituximab maintenance therapy in the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia has been investigated in a phase 2 clinical trial that included an initial treatment with rituximab 500 mg/m2 on day 1 (375 mg/m2 the first cycle), fludarabine 25 mg/m2 on days 1 to 3, cyclophosphamide 200 mg/m2 on days 1 to 3, and mitoxantrone 6 mg/m2 on day 1 (R-FCM), for 6 cycles, followed by a maintenance phase with rituximab 375 mg/m2 every 3 months for 2 years. Sixty-seven patients having achieved complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) with R-FCM were given maintenance therapy. At the end of maintenance, 40.6% of patients were in CR with negative minimal residual disease (MRD), 40.6% were in CR MRD-positive, 4.8% remained in PR, and 14% were considered failures. Six of 29 patients (21%) who were in CR MRD-positive or in PR after R-FCM improved their response upon rituximab maintenance. The 4-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival rates were 74.8% and 93.7%, respectively. MRD status after R-FCM induction was the strongest predictor of PFS. Maintenance with rituximab after R-FCM improved the quality of the response, particularly in patients MRD-positive after initial treatment, and obtained a prolonged PFS. This trial was registered at as identifier #2005-001569-33.

Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/farmacocinética , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacocinética , Área Sob a Curva , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/metabolismo , Quimioterapia de Manutenção , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mitoxantrona/administração & dosagem , Neutropenia/induzido quimicamente , Estudos Prospectivos , Indução de Remissão , Rituximab , Trombocitopenia/induzido quimicamente , Resultado do Tratamento , Vidarabina/administração & dosagem , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados