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1.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 128: 112320, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474871

RESUMO

This study aimed to fabricate cinnamon essential oil (CO)-laden 45S5 bioactive glass (BG)/soy protein (SP) scaffolds exhibiting antioxidant and antibacterial activity. In this regard, 45S5 BG-based scaffolds were produced by the foam replica method, and subsequently the scaffolds were coated with various concentrations of CO (2.5, 5 and 7 (v/v) %) incorporated SP solution. Scanning electron microscopy images revealed that the CO-laden SP effectively attached to the 45S5 BG scaffold struts. The presence of 45S5 BG, SP and CO was confirmed using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Compressive strength results indicated that SP based coatings improved the scaffolds' mechanical properties compared to uncoated BG scaffolds. The loading efficiency and releasing behaviour of the different CO concentrations were tested by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy and UV-Vis spectroscopy. The results showed that CO incorporated scaffolds have controlled releasing behaviour over seven days. Furthermore, the coating on the scaffold surfaces slightly retarded, but it did not inhibit, the in vitro bioactivity of the scaffolds. Moreover, the antioxidant and antibacterial activity of CO was studied. The free radical scavenging activity measured by DPPH was 5 ± 1, 41 ± 3, 44 ± 1 and 43 ± 1 % for BGSP, CO2.5, CO5 and CO7, respectively. The antioxidant activity was thus enhanced by incorporating CO. Agar diffusion and colony counting results indicated that the incorporation of CO increased the antibacterial activity of scaffolds against S. aureus and E. coli. In addition, cytotoxicity of the scaffolds was investigated using MG-63 osteoblast-like cells. The results showed that the BG-SP scaffold was non-toxic under the investigated conditions, whereas dose-dependent toxicity was observed in CO-laden scaffolds. Considered together, the developed phytotherapeutic agent laden 45S5 BG-based scaffolds are promising for bone tissue engineering exhibiting capability to combat bone infections and to protect against oxidative stress damage.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Óleos Voláteis , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Cerâmica , Cinnamomum zeylanicum , Escherichia coli , Vidro , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Proteínas de Soja , Staphylococcus aureus , Engenharia Tecidual , Tecidos Suporte
2.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 128: 112336, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474887

RESUMO

This study used methylcellulose (MC) to improve the printability of the alginate dialdehyde-gelatin (ADA-GEL) based bioink. The printability as well as the capability to maintain shape fidelity of ADA-GEL could be enhanced by the addition of 9% (w/v) MC. Moreover, the properties of the ink crosslinked with Ca2+ and Ba2+ were investigated. The samples crosslinked with Ba2+ were more stable and stiffer than the Ca2+ crosslinked samples. However, both Ca2+ and Ba2+ crosslinked samples exhibited a similar trend of MC release during incubation under cell culture conditions. The toxicity test indicated that both samples (crosslinked with Ca2+ and Ba2+) exhibited no toxic potential. The fabrication of cell-laden constructs using the developed bioinks was evaluated. The viability of ST2 cells in Ba2+ crosslinked samples increased while for Ca2+ crosslinked samples, a decreased viability was observed over the incubation time. After 21 days, cell spreading in the hydrogels crosslinked with Ba2+ occurred. However, a certain degree of cell damage was observed after incorporating the cells in the high viscosity bioink.


Assuntos
Bioimpressão , Gelatina , Alginatos , Sobrevivência Celular , Hidrogéis , Metilcelulose , Impressão Tridimensional , Tecidos Suporte
3.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(7)2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34361232

RESUMO

In this study, binary SiO2-CaO hollow mesoporous bioactive glass nanoparticles (HMBGNs) are prepared by combing selective etching and impregnation strategies. Spherical silica particles (SiO2 NPs) are used as hard cores to assemble cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB)/silica shells, which are later removed by selective etching to generate a hollow structure. After the removal of CTAB by calcination, the mesoporous shell of particles is formed. Calcium (Ca) is incorporated into the particles using impregnation by soaking the etched SiO2 NPs in calcium nitrate aqueous solution. The amount of incorporated Ca is tailorable by controlling the ratio of SiO2 NPs:calcium nitrate in the soaking solution. The produced HMBGNs are bioactive, as indicated by the rapid formation of hydroxyapatite on their surfaces after immersion in simulated body fluid. In a direct culture with MC3T3-E1 cells, HMBGNs were shown to exhibit concentration-dependent cytotoxicity and can stimulate osteogenic differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells at concentrations of 1, 0.5, and 0.25 mg/mL. Our results indicate that the combination of selective etching and impregnation is a feasible approach to produce hierarchical HMBGNs. The produced hollow particles have potential in drug delivery and bone tissue regeneration applications, and should be further investigated in detailed in vitro and in vivo studies.

4.
Acta Biomater ; 133: 168-186, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418539

RESUMO

The regulatory functions of the immune response in tissue healing, repair, and regeneration have been evidenced in the last decade. Immune cells play central roles in immune responses toward inducing favorable tissue regenerative processes. Modulating and controlling the immune cell responses (particularly macrophages) is an emerging approach to enhance tissue regeneration. Bioactive glasses (BGs) are multifunctional materials exhibiting osteogenic, angiogenic, and antibacterial properties, being increasingly investigated for various tissue regeneration scenarios, including bone regeneration and wound healing. On the other hand, the immunomodulatory effects of BGs in relation to regenerating tissues have started to be understood, and key knowledge is emerging. This is the first review article summarizing the immunomodulatory effects of BGs for tissue repair and regeneration. The immune response to BGs is firstly introduced, discussing potential mechanisms regarding the immunomodulation effects induced by BGs. Moreover, the interactions between the immune cells involved in the immunomodulation process and BGs (dissolution products) are summarized in detail. Particularly, a well-regulated and timely switch of macrophage phenotype from pro-inflammatory to anti-inflammatory is crucial to constructive tissue regeneration through modulating osteogenesis, osteoclastogenesis, and angiogenesis. The influence of BG characteristics on macrophage responses is discussed. We highlight the strategies employed to harness macrophage responses for enhanced tissue regeneration, including the incorporation of active ions, surface functionalization, and controlled release of immunomodulatory molecules. Finally, we conclude with our perspectives on future research challenges and directions in the emerging field of immunomodulatory BGs for tissue regeneration. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Immunomodulatory effects of bioactive glasses (BGs) in relation to bone regeneration and wound healing have started to be understood. We summarize those studies which have focused on immunomodulatory BGs for tissue regeneration. We first introduce the potential mechanisms of the immunomodulation effects induced by BGs. Interactions between the cells involved in immunomodulation processes and BGs (and their dissolution products, biologically active ions) are elaborated. We highlight the strategies employed to modulate macrophage responses for enhancing tissue regeneration, including incorporation of active ions, surface functionalization, and controlled release of immunomodulatory agents. This is the first review article summarizing and outlining the immunomodulatory effects of BGs for tissue regeneration. We anticipate that increasing research efforts will start to emerge in the area of immunomodulatory BGs.

5.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(14)2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34300755

RESUMO

This paper seeks to examine how the Mn-Co spinel interconnect coating microstructure can influence Cr contamination in an oxygen electrode of intermediate temperature solid oxide cells, at an operating temperature of 750 °C. A Mn-Co spinel coating is processed on Crofer 22 APU substrates by electrophoretic deposition, and subsequently sintered, following both the one-step and two-step sintering, in order to obtain significantly different densification levels. The electrochemical characterization is performed on anode-supported cells with an LSCF cathode. The cells were aged prior to the electrochemical characterization in contact with the spinel-coated Crofer 22 APU at 750 °C for 250 h. Current-voltage and impedance spectra of the cells were measured after the exposure with the interconnect. Post-mortem analysis of the interconnect and the cell was carried out, in order to assess the Cr retention capability of coatings with different microstructures.

6.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 10(16): e2100131, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34197049

RESUMO

Stable and predictive neural cell culture models are a necessary premise for many research fields. However, conventional 2D models lack 3D cell-material/-cell interactions and hence do not reflect the complexity of the in vivo situation properly. Here two alginate/gellan gum/laminin (ALG/GG/LAM) hydrogel blends are presented for the fabrication of human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC)-based 3D neural models. For hydrogel embedding, hiPSC-derived neural progenitor cells (hiNPCs) are used either directly or after 3D neural pre-differentiation. It is shown that stiffness and stress relaxation of the gel blends, as well as the cell differentiation strategy influence 3D model development. The embedded hiNPCs differentiate into neurons and astrocytes within the gel blends and display spontaneous intracellular calcium signals. Two fit-for-purpose models valuable for i) applications requiring a high degree of complexity, but less throughput, such as disease modeling and long-term exposure studies and ii) higher throughput applications, such as acute exposures or substance screenings are proposed. Due to their wide range of applications, adjustability, and printing capabilities, the ALG/GG/LAM based 3D neural models are of great potential for 3D neural modeling in the future.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , Alginatos , Diferenciação Celular , Humanos , Hidrogéis , Laminina , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos , Impressão Tridimensional
7.
Biomed Mater ; 16(5)2021 07 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34265757

RESUMO

Magnetic 45S5 bioactive glass (BG) based scaffolds covered with iron-loaded hydroxyapatite (Fe-HA-BG) nanoparticles were obtained and its cytotoxicity investigated. Fe-HA nanoparticles were synthesized by a wet chemical method involving the simultaneous addition of Fe2+/Fe3+ions. BG based scaffolds were prepared by the foam replica procedure and covered with Fe-HA by dip-coating. Fe-HA-BG magnetic saturation values of 0.049 emu g-1and a very low remanent magnetization of 0.01 emu g-1were observed. The mineralization assay in simulated body fluid following Kokubo's protocol indicated that Fe-HA-BG scaffolds exhibited improved hydroxyapatite formation in comparison to uncoated scaffolds at shorter immersion times. The biocompatibility of the materialin vitrowas assessed using human osteoblast-like MG-63 cell cultures and mouse bone marrow-derived stroma cell line ST-2. Overall, the results herein discussed suggest that magnetic Fe-HA coatings seem to enhance the biological performance of 45S5 BG based scaffolds. Thus, this magnetic Fe-HA coated scaffold is an interesting system for bone tissue engineering applications and warrant further investigation.

8.
Biomaterials ; 275: 120977, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34175562

RESUMO

Semi-malignant giant cell tumors of bone (GCTB) are associated with large osteolytic defects and significant bone destructions. Surgical resection remains the standard therapy that is, however, associated with very high recurrence rates. Bioactive glasses (BGs) that are osteogenic but under certain conditions also cytotoxic might be suitable to achieve biological reconstruction with simultaneous reduction of tumor recurrence in GCTB. In this study, a concentration and time dependent cytotoxic effect of five different BG compositions towards neoplastic GCTB cells was identified while bone marrow derived mesenchymal stromal cells were mostly unaffected. Time course and extent of the cytotoxic effect were dependent on the BG composition and were not associated with caspases activation, indicating that apoptotic mechanisms are not involved. Rather, detection of BG-induced disruption of the cell membranes and a rapid drop of intracellular HMG1 (High Mobility Group Box 1 protein) levels suggest a necrotic cell death. Notably, the cytotoxic effects were dependent on a direct contact of cells and BGs and could not be observed using indirect cultivation settings. Our data suggest that BGs might represent promising materials for the treatment of GCTB in order to reduce tumor recurrence with simultaneous enhancement of bone regeneration.


Assuntos
Tumor de Células Gigantes do Osso , Vidro/química , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Medula Óssea , Caspases , Tumor de Células Gigantes do Osso/terapia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Células Estromais
9.
Molecules ; 26(11)2021 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34073377

RESUMO

Bioactive glasses (BGs) are being increasingly considered for biomedical applications. One convenient approach to utilize BGs in tissue engineering and drug delivery involves their combination with organic biomaterials in order to form composites with enhanced biocompatibility and biodegradability. In this work, mesoporous bioactive glass nanoparticles (MBGN) have been merged with polyhydroxyalkanoate microspheres with the purpose to develop drug carriers. The composite carriers (microspheres) were loaded with curcumin as a model drug. The toxicity and delivery rate of composite microspheres were tested in vitro, reaching a curcumin loading efficiency of over 90% and an improving of biocompatibility of different concentrations of MBGN due to its administrations through the composite. The composite microspheres were tested in terms of controlled release, biocompatibility and bioactivity. Our results demonstrate that the composite microspheres can be potentially used in biomedicine due to their dual effects: bioactivity (due to the presence of MBGN) and curcumin release capability.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Vidro , Nanopartículas/química , Poliésteres/química , Linhagem Celular , Curcumina , Portadores de Fármacos , Durapatita/química , Emulsões , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Microesferas , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Difração de Raios X
10.
Adv Biol (Weinh) ; 5(7): e2000349, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33960743

RESUMO

As 2D surfaces fail to resemble the tumoral milieu, current discussions are focused on which 3D cell culture strategy may better lead the cells to express in vitro most of the malignant hints described in vivo. In this study, this question is assessed by analyzing the full genetic profile of MCF7 cells cultured either as 3D spheroids-considered as "gold standard" for in vitro cancer research- or immobilized in 3D tumor-like microcapsules, by RNA-Seq and transcriptomic methods, allowing to discriminate at big-data scale, which in vitro strategy can better resemble most of the malignant features described in neoplastic diseases. The results clearly show that mechanical stress, rather than 3D morphology only, stimulates most of the biological processes involved in cancer pathogenicity, such as cytoskeletal organization, migration, and stemness. Furthermore, cells entrapped in hydrogel-based scaffolds are likely expressing other physiological hints described in malignancy, such as the upregulated expression of metalloproteinases or the resistance to anticancer drugs, among others. According to the knowledge, this study represents the first attempt to answer which 3D experimental system can better mimic the neoplastic architecture in vitro, emphasizing the relevance of confinement in cancer pathogenicity, which can be easily achieved by using hydrogel-based matrices.

11.
Acta Biomater ; 129: 1-17, 2021 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34010692

RESUMO

Mesoporous silica-based materials, especially mesoporous bioactive glasses (MBGs), are being highly considered for biomedical applications, including drug delivery and tissue engineering, not only because of their bioactivity and biocompatibility but also due to their tunable composition and potential use as drug delivery carriers owing to their controllable nanoporous structure. Numerous researches have reported that MBGs can be doped with various therapeutic ions (strontium, copper, magnesium, zinc, lithium, silver, etc.) and loaded with specific biomolecules (e.g., therapeutic drugs, antibiotics, growth factors) achieving controllable loading and release kinetics. Therefore, co-delivery of ions and biomolecules using a single MBG carrier is highly interesting as this approach provides synergistic effects toward improved therapeutic outcomes in comparison to the strategy of sole drug or ion delivery. In this review, we discuss the state-of-the-art in the field of mesoporous silica-based materials used for co-delivery of ions and therapeutic drugs with osteogenesis/cementogenesis, angiogenesis, antibacterial and anticancer properties. The analysis of the literature reveals that specially designed mesoporous nanocarriers can release multiple ions and drugs at therapeutically safe and relevant levels, achieving the desired biological effects (in vivo, in vitro) for specific biomedical applications. It is expected that this review on the ion/drug co-delivery concept using MBG carriers will shed light on the advantages of such co-delivery systems for clinical use. Areas for future research directions are identified and discussed. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Many studies in literature focus on the potential of single drug or ion delivery by mesoporous silica-based materials, exploiting the bioactivity, biocompatibility, tunable composition and controllable nanoporosity of these materials. Recenlty, studies have adopted the "dual-delivery" concept, by designing multi-functional mesoporous silica-based systems which are capable to deliver both biologically active ions and biomolecules (growth factors, drugs) simultaneously in order to achieve synergy of their complementary therapeutic activities. This review summarizes the state of the art in the field, with focus on osteogenesis/cementogenesis, angiogenesis, antibacterial and anticancer properties, and discusses the challenges and prospects for further progress in this area, expecting to generate broader interest in the technology for applications in disease treatment and regenerative medicine.


Assuntos
Vidro , Dióxido de Silício , Íons , Porosidade , Engenharia Tecidual
12.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 124: 112050, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33947544

RESUMO

In recent years, mesoporous bioactive glass nanoparticles (MBGNPs) have generated great attention in biomedical applications. In this study, cerium and gallium doped MBGNPs were prepared by microemulsion assisted sol-gel method in the binary SiO2-CaO system. MBGNPs with spheroidal and pineal shaped morphology were obtained. Nitrogen sorption analysis elucidated the mesoporous structure of synthesized nanoparticles with high specific surface area. X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed the amorphous nature of the nanoparticles. The chemical compositions of all samples were determined by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES), which revealed that the contents of cerium and gallium could be tailored by adjusting the concentrations of the precursors used for the synthesis. All MBGNPs exhibited in vitro bioactivity when immersed in simulated body fluid, except the particles doped with higher amounts than 1 mol% of cerium. MBGNPs showed antibacterial activity against S. aureus and E. coli without exhibiting cytotoxicity towards MG-63 osteoblast-like cells. Mentioned features of the obtained Ce and Ga-doped MBGNPs make them useful for multifunctional applications such as drug delivery carriers or bioactive fillers for bone tissue engineering applications.


Assuntos
Cério , Gálio , Nanopartículas , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Regeneração Óssea , Escherichia coli , Gálio/farmacologia , Vidro , Dióxido de Silício , Staphylococcus aureus
13.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 124: 112079, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33947571

RESUMO

Electrospun organic/inorganic hybrid scaffolds have been appealing in tissue regeneration owing to the integrated physicochemical and biological performances. However, the conventional electrospun scaffolds with non-woven structures usually failed to enable deep cell infiltration due to the densely stacked layers among the fibers. Herein, through self-assembly-driven electrospinning, a polyhydroxybutyrate/poly(ε-caprolactone)/58S sol-gel bioactive glass (PHB/PCL/58S) hybrid scaffold with honeycomb-like structures was prepared by manipulating the solution composition and concentration during a one-step electrospinning process. The mechanisms enabling the formation of self-assembled honeycomb-like structures were investigated through comparative studies using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) between PHB/PCL/58S and PHB/PCL/sol-gel silica systems. The obtained honeycomb-like structure was built up from nanofibers with an average diameter of 370 nm and showed a bimodal distribution of pores: large polygonal pores up to hundreds of micrometers within the honeycomb-cells and irregular pores among the nanofibers ranging around few micrometers. The cell-materials interactions were further studied by culturing MG-63 osteoblast-like cells for 7 days. Cell viability, cell morphology and cell infiltration were comparatively investigated as well. While cells merely proliferated on the surface of non-woven structures, MG-63 cells showed extensive proliferation and deep infiltration up to 100-200 µm into the honeycomb-like structure. Moreover, the cellular spatial organization was readily regulated by the honeycomb-like pattern as well. Overall, the newly obtained hybrid scaffold may integrate the enhanced osteogenicity originating from the bioactive components, and the improved cell-material interactions brought by the honeycomb-like structure, making the new scaffold a promising candidate for tissue regeneration.


Assuntos
Nanofibras , Tecidos Suporte , Animais , Osteoblastos , Poliésteres , Engenharia Tecidual
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(8)2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33921909

RESUMO

In this study, as a measure to enhance the antimicrobial activity of biomaterials, the selenium ions have been substituted into hydroxyapatite (HA) at different concentration levels. To balance the potential cytotoxic effects of selenite ions (SeO32-) in HA, strontium (Sr2+) was co-substituted at the same concentration. Selenium and strontium-substituted hydroxyapatites (Se-Sr-HA) at equal molar ratios of x Se/(Se + P) and x Sr/(Sr + Ca) at (x = 0, 0.01, 0.03, 0.05, 0.1, and 0.2) were synthesized via the wet precipitation route and sintered at 900 °C. The effect of the two-ion concentration on morphology, surface charge, composition, antibacterial ability, and cell viability were studied. X-ray diffraction verified the phase purity and confirmed the substitution of selenium and strontium ions. Acellular in vitro bioactivity tests revealed that Se-Sr-HA was highly bioactive compared to pure HA. Se-Sr-HA samples showed excellent antibacterial activity against both Gram-negative (Escherichia coli) and Gram-positive (Staphylococcus carnosus) bacterial strains. In vitro cell-material interaction, using human osteosarcoma cells MG-63 studied by WST-8 assay, showed that Se-HA has a cytotoxic effect; however, the co-substitution of strontium in Se-HA offsets the negative impact of selenium and enhanced the biological properties of HA. Hence, the prepared samples are a suitable choice for antibacterial coatings and bone filler applications.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/síntese química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Hidroxiapatitas/química , Selênio/química , Estrôncio/química , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Antibacterianos/química , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus/efeitos dos fármacos
15.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 123: 111965, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812593

RESUMO

For the first time, a biohybrid nanofibrous wound dressing is developed via green electrospinning of a blend solution of bovine serum albumin (BSA) (1 and 3 wt%) and polycaprolactone (PCL). In such a system, the components are miscible and interact through hydrogen bonding between the carbonyl group of PCL and the amine group of BSA, as verified by ATR-FTIR. As a result, the biohybrid nanofibers show a superior elastic modulus and elongation (300% and 58%, respectively) compared with the neat PCL nanofibers. The included protein induces a hydrophilicity effect to the PCL nanofibers, notably at the higher BSA content (3 wt%). In contrast to the neat nanofibers, the biohybrid ones are bioactive and encourage formation of biominerals (made of amorphous calcium carbonate) on the surface, after immersion in simulated body fluid (SBF). Based on the WST-8 cell viability tests, NIH3T3 fibroblast cells were seen to properly interact with the biohybrid mats and to proliferate in their proximity. SEM images show that the cells largely adhere onto such nanofibers even more than they do on the neat ones and adopt a flattened and stretched shape. In addition, the live/dead assay and phalloidin/DAPI staining assay confirm large cell viability and normal cell morphology on the biohybrid nanofiber mats after 4 days incubation. Taken together, BSA/PCL nanofibers are able to offer optimum mechanical properties (elasticity) as well as mineralization which can potentially stimulate the wound healing process, and can be considered a suitable candidate for wound dressing applications.


Assuntos
Nanofibras , Animais , Bandagens , Biomimética , Camundongos , Células NIH 3T3 , Poliésteres , Soroalbumina Bovina
16.
Biomedicines ; 9(3)2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33808044

RESUMO

Biodegradable hydrogels that promote stem cell differentiation into neurons in three dimensions (3D) are highly desired in biomedical research to study drug neurotoxicity or to yield cell-containing biomaterials for neuronal tissue repair. Here, we demonstrate that oxidized alginate-gelatin-laminin (ADA-GEL-LAM) hydrogels facilitate neuronal differentiation and growth of embedded human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC) derived neurospheres. ADA-GEL and ADA-GEL-LAM hydrogels exhibiting a stiffness close to ~5 kPa at initial cell culture conditions of 37 °C were prepared. Laminin supplemented ADA-GEL promoted an increase in neuronal differentiation in comparison to pristine ADA-GEL, with enhanced neuron migration from the neurospheres to the bulk 3D hydrogel matrix. The presence of laminin in ADA-GEL led to a more than two-fold increase in the number of neurospheres with migrated neurons. Our findings suggest that laminin addition to oxidized alginate-gelatin hydrogel matrices plays a crucial role to tailor oxidized alginate-gelatin hydrogels suitable for 3D neuronal cell culture applications.

17.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 10(9): e2001876, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33711199

RESUMO

Electroactive hydrogels can be used to influence cell response and maturation by electrical stimulation. However, hydrogel formulations which are 3D printable, electroactive, cytocompatible, and allow cell adhesion, remain a challenge in the design of such stimuli-responsive biomaterials for tissue engineering. Here, a combination of pyrrole with a high gelatin-content oxidized alginate-gelatin (ADA-GEL) hydrogel is reported, offering 3D-printability of hydrogel precursors to prepare cytocompatible and electrically conductive hydrogel scaffolds. By oxidation of pyrrole, electroactive polypyrrole:polystyrenesulfonate (PPy:PSS) is synthesized inside the ADA-GEL matrix. The hydrogels are assessed regarding their electrical/mechanical properties, 3D-printability, and cytocompatibility. It is possible to prepare open-porous scaffolds via bioplotting which are electrically conductive and have a higher cell seeding efficiency in scaffold depth in comparison to flat 2D hydrogels, which is confirmed via multiphoton fluorescence microscopy. The formation of an interpenetrating polypyrrole matrix in the hydrogel matrix increases the conductivity and stiffness of the hydrogels, maintaining the capacity of the gels to promote cell adhesion and proliferation. The results demonstrate that a 3D-printable ADA-GEL can be rendered conductive (ADA-GEL-PPy:PSS), and that such hydrogel formulations have promise for cell therapies, in vitro cell culture, and electrical-stimulation assisted tissue engineering.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Engenharia Tecidual , Alginatos , Gelatina , Polímeros , Pirróis , Tecidos Suporte
18.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 10(9): e2002026, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33733604

RESUMO

Poly(glycerol sebacate) (PGS) continues to attract attention for biomedical applications owing to its favorable combination of properties. Conventionally polymerized by a two-step polycondensation of glycerol and sebacic acid, variations of synthesis parameters, reactant concentrations or by specific chemical modifications, PGS materials can be obtained exhibiting a wide range of physicochemical, mechanical, and morphological properties for a variety of applications. PGS has been extensively used in tissue engineering (TE) of cardiovascular, nerve, cartilage, bone and corneal tissues. Applications of PGS based materials in drug delivery systems and wound healing are also well documented. Research and development in the field of PGS continue to progress, involving mainly the synthesis of modified structures using copolymers, hybrid, and composite materials. Moreover, the production of self-healing and electroactive materials has been introduced recently. After almost 20 years of research on PGS, previous publications have outlined its synthesis, modification, properties, and biomedical applications, however, a review paper covering the most recent developments in the field is lacking. The present review thus covers comprehensively literature of the last five years on PGS-based biomaterials and devices focusing on advanced modifications of PGS for applications in medicine and highlighting notable advances of PGS based systems in TE and drug delivery.


Assuntos
Decanoatos , Glicerol , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Glicerol/análogos & derivados , Polímeros , Engenharia Tecidual
19.
Biomed Mater ; 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33691298

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to obtain hierarchical scaffolds combining 3D printing and two electrofluidodynamic methods. The multi-layered scaffold is composed by 3D printed struts, electrospun fibers obtained from poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) and electrosprayed spheres produced from hydrophobically modified chitosan, namely chitosan grafted with linoleic acid (CHLA). Since CHLA has been used for the first time in the electrospraying (EDS) process, the formation of spheres needed an optimization process. The EDS process was strongly affected by the solvent mixture composition, concentration of acid used for CHLA dissolution and solution flow rate. By using the optimized electrospraying conditions, uniformly distributed spheres have been obtained, decorating struts and nanofibers. Preliminary biological tests with mouse preosteoblasts (MC3T3-E1) were performed to investigate the effect of the hierarchical scaffold on cell seeding efficacy. Results showed that the hierarchical structure enhances cell seeding efficacy, respect to the 3D printed struts alone, preventing that the cells passed through the struts during the seeding. Moreover, the addition of the electrosprayed nanoparticles does not affect the cell seeding efficiency. The versatility of the proposed structure, with the added value of CHLA nanoparticles decoration could be suitable for several applications in tissue engineering, mainly related to drug delivery systems.

20.
Adv Mater ; 33(14): e2007695, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33644949

RESUMO

The ability to fabricate materials with ultrathin architectures enables the breakthrough of low-dimensional structures with high surface area that showcase distinctive properties from their bulk counterparts. They are exploited in a wide range of fields, including energy harvesting, catalysis, and biomedicine. Despite such versatility, the fine tuning of the lateral dimensions and geometry of these structures remains challenging. Prepatterned platforms gain significant attention as enabling technologies to process materials with highly controlled shapes and dimensions. Herein, different nanometer-thick particles of various lateral sizes and geometries (e.g., squares, circles, triangles, hexagons) are processed with high precision and definition, taking advantage of the wettability contrast of oleophilic-oleophobic patterned surfaces. Quasi-2D polymeric microparticles with high shape- and size-fidelity can be retrieved as freestanding objects in a single step. These structures show cell-mediated pliability, and their integration in gravity-enforced human adipose-derived stem cell spheroids leads to an enhanced metabolic activity and a modulated secretion of proangiogenic factors.

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