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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31789774

RESUMO

Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) is a rare and heterogeneous pediatric-onset idiopathic inflammatory myopathy. Gastrointestinal (GI) involvement occurs in 22 to 37% of JDM patients but has only been described in case reports. In this retrospective, single-center, observational study, we aimed to assess the causes and management of severe GI manifestations in JDM patients. We studied a cohort of nine patients among 110 JDM patients followed during the study period (8.3%). The GI complications were related to JDM in most cases (17/19), with digestive tract involvement (n = 10), acute pancreatitis (n = 4), and hepatitis (n = 3). Three patients died from refractory JDM 2.9 years [2 - 3.6] after the JDM diagnosis. We highlight the need to consider pancreatitis as a main diagnostic factor in JDM patients with severe GI manifestations and the requirement of early aggressive treatment for these patients.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31755959

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: JDM and juvenile overlap myositis represent heterogeneous subtypes of juvenile idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (JIIM). Chronic evolution can occur in up to 60% of cases, and morbidity/mortality is substantial. We aimed to describe the clinical, biological, histological and type I IFN status in JIIM associated with anti-melanoma differentiation-associated protein 5 (anti-MDA5) autoantibodies at presentation (group 1) in comparison with other JIIM (group 2). METHODS: This was a retrospective and prospective study of patients with JIIM ascertained from three French paediatric rheumatology reference centres between 2013 and 2019. Muscle biopsies were reviewed. Type I interferon pathway activity was assessed by dosage of IFNα serum protein and the expression of IFN-stimulated genes. RESULTS: Sixty-four patients were included, 13 in group 1 (54% JDM and 46% juvenile overlap myositis) and 51 in group 2 (76% JDM and 24% juvenile overlap myositis). Group 1 patients demonstrated more arthritis, skin ulcerations, lupus features and interstitial lung disease, and a milder muscular involvement. Serum IFNα levels were higher in group 1 than 2, and decreased after treatment or improvement in both groups. Outcome was similar in both groups. Unconventional treatment (more than two lines) was required in order to achieve remission, especially when skin ulceration was reported. CONCLUSION: This study indicates a higher frequency of arthritis, skin ulcerations and interstitial lung disease, but milder muscular involvement, in JIIM with positive anti-MDA5 autoantibodies compared with other JIIM. Our data support an important role of systemic IFNα in disease pathology, particularly in the anti-MDA5 auto-antibody-positive subgroup. In severe and refractory forms of JIIM, IFNα may represent a therapeutic target.

5.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 14(1): 271, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771608

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Incontentia pigmenti (IP) is a rare multisystem disorder of ectodermal origin comprising skin, dental, ocular and central nervous system features. Symptomatic treatments are adapted to each family according to the patient's disability. Due to its rarity, the family IP burden in its broadest sense (psychological, social, economic and physical) has not yet been evaluated. AIM: To design a questionnaire allowing assessing the family burden of IP (F'BoIP). METHOD: A questionnaire was developed using a standardized methodology for designing quality of life questionnaires according to the following steps: conception, development, and validation. A multidisciplinary working group was designed, including experts in questionnaire development, dermatologists specialised in IP patient care and representatives of the French IP association. A cultural and linguistic validation into US English was conducted, based on the original French version. RESULTS: A 20-item conceptual questionnaire was generated. Subsequent confirmatory analyses produced a 20-item questionnaire grouped into four domains, demonstrating internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha: 0.93), reproducibility and high reliability. The F'BoIP questionnaire significantly correlated with other validated questionnaires: Family Dermatology Life Quality Index (F-DLQI), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and SF-12 mental and SF12 physical scores, indicating good external validity. CONCLUSION: The F'BoIP questionnaire is the first specific tool to assess the family burden of IP and can be used by both family members of IP patients and by health care professionals. It is a valuable tool which evaluates medical and nonmedical strategies to improve the daily life of families affected by this orphan disease.

7.
Exp Dermatol ; 28(10): 1190-1195, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585491

RESUMO

In P63-related ectodermal dysplasias (ED), the clinical characteristics focus on extra-cutaneous manifestations. The dermatological phenotype remains incompletely characterized. We report the dermatological features of 22 patients carrying a TP63 mutation. Erosions, erythroderma and pigmentary anomalies are characteristics of P63-related ED. Our data suggest that patients might be classified into two major P63-related disorders: AEC and EEC. RHS and ADULT represent mild AEC and EEC forms, respectively.

8.
Exp Dermatol ; 28(10): 1103-1105, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663654
10.
Acta Derm Venereol ; 99(12): 1105-1109, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31386166

RESUMO

Managing extracranial arteriovenous malformations is challenging. Sirolimus (rapamycin) is increasingly being used when surgery and embolization are not advised. Because of its anti-angiogenic properties here we report all extracranial arteriovenous malformation cases treated with sirolimus in 2 French tertiary centers for vascular anomalies. The outcomes were efficacy (complete, partial, no response) based on arteriovenous malformation volume and necrosis/hemorrhage and side effects. We retrospectively included 10 patients (7 children). The sirolimus dose ranged from 0.6 to 3.5 mg/m2. Median (interquartile range [IQR]) treatment time was 24.5 (4.5; 35) months. Five patients showed no response and 5 showed partial response at a median (IQR) of 3 (1; 5) months followed in 2 cases by therapeutic resistance (i.e., progressive disease after 9 and 24 months of treatment). The most frequent side effect was mouth ulcers. This study shows poor efficacy of sirolimus for treating extracranial arteriovenous malformations.

11.
Sci Adv ; 5(7): eaav9019, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31309143

RESUMO

Type I interferons are highly potent cytokines essential for self-protection against tumors and infections. Deregulations of type I interferon signaling are associated with multiple diseases that require novel therapeutic options. Here, we identified the small molecule, IT1t, a previously described CXCR4 ligand, as a highly potent inhibitor of Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7)-mediated inflammation. IT1t inhibits chemical (R848) and natural (HIV) TLR7-mediated inflammation in purified human plasmacytoid dendritic cells from blood and human tonsils. In a TLR7-dependent lupus-like model, in vivo treatment of mice with IT1t drives drastic reduction of both systemic inflammation and anti-double-stranded DNA autoantibodies and prevents glomerulonephritis. Furthermore, IT1t controls inflammation, including interferon α secretion, in resting and stimulated cells from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Our findings highlight a groundbreaking immunoregulatory property of CXCR4 signaling that opens new therapeutic perspectives in inflammatory settings and autoimmune diseases.

12.
Dermatol Ther ; 32(4): e12983, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31168940

RESUMO

Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a group of rare heterogeneous, genetic disorders. Currently, there is no effective pharmacological or genetic therapy for all EB subtypes. Dry extract from birch bark and betulin upregulate some pro-inflammatory mediators and downregulate others. The increase in pro-inflammatory cytokines is temporary and attenuated over long-term treatment. This inflammatory stimulus is thought to be prerequisite for a secondary anti-inflammatory response. Dry extract from birch bark and its active marker substances have also been shown to increase the migration of primary human keratinocytes, accelerate wound closure, and promote differentiation of keratinocytes in vitro and in vivo-processes that are essential for reepithelialization and maintenance of the skin barrier. Comprehensive clinical data are available to support the use of Oleogel-S10 in the treatment of partial thickness wounds of different etiologies, and a proof-of-concept Phase 2 study in patients with dystrophic EB has suggested the potential for faster reepithelialization of wounds treated with Oleogel-S10.

13.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 14(1): 94, 2019 05 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31053133

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) is a common genetic neurocutaneous disease, with an autosomal dominant inheritance mode. Quality of life has been shown impaired in NF1, due to severe complications, cosmetic features, and uncertainty about the disorder. METHODS: This study sought to develop a self-administered questionnaire in French to assess the burden of NF1 (BoN), then translate and linguistically and cross-culturally validate it into American English, standardized methodology applied, as outlined in the report. RESULTS: Based on several discussions with NF1 patients, a 17-item conceptual questionnaire was first produced. Of the 91 NF1 adult patients who responded to the conceptual questionnaire, 65 (64.6% females) were accessible. Subsequent confirmatory analyses generated a 15-item questionnaire grouped into four domains, demonstrating internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha: 091), discriminant validity, and high reliability. The BoN was likewise shown to significantly correlate with other validated questionnaires, such as Dermatology Life Quality Index, Perceived Stress Scale, and SF12 mental score, indicating good external validity. CONCLUSIONS: BoN is a specific tool for assessing the burden that NF1 generates on many practical aspects of the patient daily activities, beyond the notion of quality of life". Given the increasing relevance that regulatory authorities attribute to patient-reported outcomes, the BoN questionnaire provides such supplementary information while accounting for the burden of NF1 patients in the broadest sense.


Assuntos
Neurofibromatose 1/economia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Cytogenet Genome Res ; 157(4): 189-196, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30974434

RESUMO

Hypohidrotic or anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED/EDA) is characterized by impaired development of the hair, teeth, or sweat glands. HED/EDA is inherited in an X-linked, autosomal dominant, or autosomal recessive pattern and caused by the pathogenic variants in 4 genes: EDA, EDAR, EDARADD, and WNT10A. The aim of the present study was to perform molecular screening of these 4 genes in a cohort of Turkish individuals diagnosed with HED/EDA. We screened for pathogenic variants of WNT10A, EDA, EDAR, and EDARADD through Sanger sequencing. We further assessed the clinical profiles of the affected individuals in order to establish phenotype-genotype correlation. In 17 (63%) out of 27 families, 17 pathogenic variants, 8 being novel, were detected in the 4 well-known ectodermal dysplasia genes. EDAR and EDA variants were identified in 6 families each, WNT10A variants in 4, and an EDARADD variant in 1, accounting for 35.3, 35.3, 23.5, and 5.9% of mutation-positive families, respectively. The low mutation detection rate of the cohort and the number of the EDAR pathogenic variants being as high as the EDA ones were the most noteworthy findings which could be attributed to the high consanguinity rate.


Assuntos
Displasia Ectodérmica/genética , Ectodisplasinas/genética , Receptor Edar/genética , Proteína de Domínio de Morte Associada a Edar/genética , Mutação , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Proteínas Wnt/genética , Consanguinidade , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Turquia
15.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 47(6): 909-914, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31030853

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Parry Romberg syndrome (PRS) is a condition characterized by progressive hemifacial atrophy, predominantly affecting the soft tissues. Associated bone retraction is a common clinical feature of PRS but has never been assessed. Here we used 3D imaging and Bayesian statistics in order to demonstrate and quantify bone atrophy in PRS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten non-operated patients with PRS (4/10 males) and 12 age-matched controls (7/12 males) were included into the study. The average age at CT-scan was 9.67 ± 4.13 years for PRS patients and 12.5 ± 4.37 years for controls. Soft and hard tissue atrophy levels were quantified using computed tomography scans, based on the distances between surfaces of the affected side and the non-affected contralateral side, both for the skin and the bone. We used a hierarchical Bayesian model with clinical priors in order to assess the relationship between hard and soft tissue atrophies. RESULTS: PRS patients had significant hard tissue atrophy, and atrophy extents were similar for soft and hard tissues. There was a trend for a correlation between the extent of hard tissue retraction and the extent of soft tissue retraction, and we could not demonstrate that the relationship between hard and soft tissue retractions was different in PRS and controls. CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that bone atrophy was most probably a primary process rather than a phenomenon secondary to soft tissue retraction. We have provided the first assessment of bone atrophy in PRS patients using Bayesian statistics.


Assuntos
Hemiatrofia Facial , Tecido Adiposo , Adolescente , Atrofia , Teorema de Bayes , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
16.
J Clin Immunol ; 39(1): 81-89, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30607663

RESUMO

The association of immunodeficiency-related vaccine-derived rubella virus (iVDRV) with cutaneous and visceral granulomatous disease has been reported in patients with primary immunodeficiency disorders (PIDs). The majority of these PID patients with rubella-positive granulomas had DNA repair disorders. To support this line of inquiry, we provide additional descriptive data on seven previously reported patients with Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS) (n = 3) and ataxia telangiectasia (AT) (n = 4) as well as eight previously unreported patients with iVDRV-induced cutaneous granulomas and DNA repair disorders including NBS (n = 1), AT (n = 5), DNA ligase 4 deficiency (n = 1), and Artemis deficiency (n = 1). We also provide descriptive data on several previously unreported PID patients with iVDRV-induced cutaneous granulomas including cartilage hair hypoplasia (n = 1), warts, hypogammaglobulinemia, immunodeficiency, myelokathexis (WHIM) syndrome (n = 1), MHC class II deficiency (n = 1), Coronin-1A deficiency (n = 1), X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (X-SCID) (n = 1), and combined immunodeficiency without a molecular diagnosis (n = 1). At the time of this report, the median age of the patients with skin granulomas and DNA repair disorders was 9 years (range 3-18). Cutaneous granulomas have been documented in all, while visceral granulomas were observed in six cases (40%). All patients had received rubella virus vaccine. The median duration of time elapsed from vaccination to the development of cutaneous granulomas was 48 months (range 2-152). Hematopoietic cell transplantation was reported to result in scarring resolution of cutaneous granulomas in two patients with NBS, one patient with AT, one patient with Artemis deficiency, one patient with DNA Ligase 4 deficiency, one patient with MHC class II deficiency, and one patient with combined immunodeficiency without a known molecular etiology. Of the previously reported and unreported cases, the majority share the diagnosis of a DNA repair disorder. Analysis of additional patients with this complication may clarify determinants of rubella pathogenesis, identify specific immune defects resulting in chronic infection, and may lead to defect-specific therapies.


Assuntos
Reparo do DNA/genética , Granuloma/complicações , Granuloma/virologia , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/complicações , Vírus da Rubéola/patogenicidade , Dermatopatias/etiologia , Dermatopatias/virologia , Adolescente , Ataxia Telangiectasia/genética , Ataxia Telangiectasia/virologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Granuloma/genética , Cabelo/anormalidades , Cabelo/virologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Doença de Hirschsprung/genética , Doença de Hirschsprung/virologia , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/virologia , Masculino , Síndrome de Quebra de Nijmegen/genética , Síndrome de Quebra de Nijmegen/virologia , Osteocondrodisplasias/congênito , Osteocondrodisplasias/genética , Osteocondrodisplasias/virologia , Rubéola (Sarampo Alemão)/genética , Rubéola (Sarampo Alemão)/virologia , Pele/virologia , Dermatopatias/genética , Doenças por Imunodeficiência Combinada Ligada ao Cromossomo X/genética , Doenças por Imunodeficiência Combinada Ligada ao Cromossomo X/virologia
19.
Pediatr Dermatol ; 35(6): e378-e381, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30216519

RESUMO

Verrucous hemangioma or verrucous venous malformation is a superficial venous malformation frequently misdiagnosed as a lymphatic malformation because of its classical hyperkeratotic appearance. Clinical characteristics of VVM were studied in patients with a histologically confirmed VVM, and validated in a prospective study of 18 patients. VVM was made of separated vascular elements with irregular shape, in a linear disposition, with variable thickness and keratosis. Its specific vascular pattern consisting of an erythematous patch with scattered small red to violet dots was easily identified using dermoscopy. In many cases, the typical clinical presentation of verrucous hemangioma is sufficient to establish the diagnosis and a biopsy may not be required.


Assuntos
Hemangioma/patologia , Dermatopatias Vasculares/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Dermoscopia/métodos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Erros de Diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Anormalidades Linfáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pele/patologia , Adulto Jovem
20.
Am J Dermatopathol ; 2018 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30252693

RESUMO

Langerhans cell (LC) histiocytoma is a neonatal tumor that often consists of a single, ulcerated nodule. Systemic involvement is rare, and LC histiocytoma is considered to be a variant of congenital, self-healing LC histiocytosis (also referred to as Hashimoto-Pritzker disease). In view of its low prevalence, LC histiocytoma is not always diagnosed in a clinical examination and requires histological confirmation. Furthermore, the histological and molecular features of LC histiocytoma have not been well characterized. Here, we report on 6 cases of this rare disease and review the corresponding literature. LC histiocytoma differs from classical self-healing LC histiocytosis with regard to the pathological features; we found that LC histiocytoma was associated with massive infiltration by histiocytes of various sizes and shapes (although often large) throughout the dermis and the superficial subcutis. Epidermotropism was rare, mitotic figures were not inconspicuous, and necrotic or calcified areas were often present. Immunohistochemical assessment revealed a mixture of different types of histiocytes (with CD1a CD207, CD1a CD207, and CD1a CD207 CD163 cells). Genetic testing was performed in 5 cases; it revealed a BRAF mutation (p.V600E and p.485_490delinsF) in 2 cases, a HRAS mutation (p.T58I) in 1 case, a combination of 2 PTEN mutations in another case (p.I224M and p. R234W), and no mutations in the fifth case. All the lesions regressed spontaneously, and none recurred during follow-up.

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