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1.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487101

RESUMO

We read with interest the study of Mathian et al (1), suggesting that direct serum IFNα determination with a highly sensitive assay might be useful for disease activity monitoring in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). More generally, the identification of reactive biomarkers is highly desirable in many disease states, including idiopathic inflammatory myositis (IIM). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Acta Derm Venereol ; 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31386166

RESUMO

Managing extracranial arteriovenous malformations is challenging. Sirolimus (rapamycin) is increasingly being used when surgery and embolization are not advised. Because of its anti-angiogenic properties here we report all extracranial arteriovenous malformation cases treated with sirolimus in 2 French tertiary centers for vascular anomalies. The outcomes were efficacy (complete, partial, no response) based on arteriovenous malformation volume and necrosis/hemorrhage and side effects. We retrospectively included 10 patients (7 children). The sirolimus dose ranged from 0.6 to 3.5 mg/m2. Median (interquartile range [IQR]) treatment time was 24.5 (4.5; 35) months. Five patients showed no response and 5 showed partial response at a median (IQR) of 3 (1; 5) months followed in 2 cases by therapeutic resistance (i.e., progressive disease after 9 and 24 months of treatment). The most frequent side effect was mouth ulcers. This study shows poor efficacy of sirolimus for treating extracranial arteriovenous malformations.

3.
Sci Adv ; 5(7): eaav9019, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31309143

RESUMO

Type I interferons are highly potent cytokines essential for self-protection against tumors and infections. Deregulations of type I interferon signaling are associated with multiple diseases that require novel therapeutic options. Here, we identified the small molecule, IT1t, a previously described CXCR4 ligand, as a highly potent inhibitor of Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7)-mediated inflammation. IT1t inhibits chemical (R848) and natural (HIV) TLR7-mediated inflammation in purified human plasmacytoid dendritic cells from blood and human tonsils. In a TLR7-dependent lupus-like model, in vivo treatment of mice with IT1t drives drastic reduction of both systemic inflammation and anti-double-stranded DNA autoantibodies and prevents glomerulonephritis. Furthermore, IT1t controls inflammation, including interferon α secretion, in resting and stimulated cells from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Our findings highlight a groundbreaking immunoregulatory property of CXCR4 signaling that opens new therapeutic perspectives in inflammatory settings and autoimmune diseases.

4.
Dermatol Ther ; 32(4): e12983, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31168940

RESUMO

Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a group of rare heterogeneous, genetic disorders. Currently, there is no effective pharmacological or genetic therapy for all EB subtypes. Dry extract from birch bark and betulin upregulate some pro-inflammatory mediators and downregulate others. The increase in pro-inflammatory cytokines is temporary and attenuated over long-term treatment. This inflammatory stimulus is thought to be prerequisite for a secondary anti-inflammatory response. Dry extract from birch bark and its active marker substances have also been shown to increase the migration of primary human keratinocytes, accelerate wound closure, and promote differentiation of keratinocytes in vitro and in vivo-processes that are essential for reepithelialization and maintenance of the skin barrier. Comprehensive clinical data are available to support the use of Oleogel-S10 in the treatment of partial thickness wounds of different etiologies, and a proof-of-concept Phase 2 study in patients with dystrophic EB has suggested the potential for faster reepithelialization of wounds treated with Oleogel-S10.

5.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 14(1): 94, 2019 05 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31053133

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) is a common genetic neurocutaneous disease, with an autosomal dominant inheritance mode. Quality of life has been shown impaired in NF1, due to severe complications, cosmetic features, and uncertainty about the disorder. METHODS: This study sought to develop a self-administered questionnaire in French to assess the burden of NF1 (BoN), then translate and linguistically and cross-culturally validate it into American English, standardized methodology applied, as outlined in the report. RESULTS: Based on several discussions with NF1 patients, a 17-item conceptual questionnaire was first produced. Of the 91 NF1 adult patients who responded to the conceptual questionnaire, 65 (64.6% females) were accessible. Subsequent confirmatory analyses generated a 15-item questionnaire grouped into four domains, demonstrating internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha: 091), discriminant validity, and high reliability. The BoN was likewise shown to significantly correlate with other validated questionnaires, such as Dermatology Life Quality Index, Perceived Stress Scale, and SF12 mental score, indicating good external validity. CONCLUSIONS: BoN is a specific tool for assessing the burden that NF1 generates on many practical aspects of the patient daily activities, beyond the notion of quality of life". Given the increasing relevance that regulatory authorities attribute to patient-reported outcomes, the BoN questionnaire provides such supplementary information while accounting for the burden of NF1 patients in the broadest sense.

6.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 47(6): 909-914, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31030853

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Parry Romberg syndrome (PRS) is a condition characterized by progressive hemifacial atrophy, predominantly affecting the soft tissues. Associated bone retraction is a common clinical feature of PRS but has never been assessed. Here we used 3D imaging and Bayesian statistics in order to demonstrate and quantify bone atrophy in PRS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten non-operated patients with PRS (4/10 males) and 12 age-matched controls (7/12 males) were included into the study. The average age at CT-scan was 9.67 ± 4.13 years for PRS patients and 12.5 ± 4.37 years for controls. Soft and hard tissue atrophy levels were quantified using computed tomography scans, based on the distances between surfaces of the affected side and the non-affected contralateral side, both for the skin and the bone. We used a hierarchical Bayesian model with clinical priors in order to assess the relationship between hard and soft tissue atrophies. RESULTS: PRS patients had significant hard tissue atrophy, and atrophy extents were similar for soft and hard tissues. There was a trend for a correlation between the extent of hard tissue retraction and the extent of soft tissue retraction, and we could not demonstrate that the relationship between hard and soft tissue retractions was different in PRS and controls. CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that bone atrophy was most probably a primary process rather than a phenomenon secondary to soft tissue retraction. We have provided the first assessment of bone atrophy in PRS patients using Bayesian statistics.

7.
Cytogenet Genome Res ; 157(4): 189-196, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30974434

RESUMO

Hypohidrotic or anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED/EDA) is characterized by impaired development of the hair, teeth, or sweat glands. HED/EDA is inherited in an X-linked, autosomal dominant, or autosomal recessive pattern and caused by the pathogenic variants in 4 genes: EDA, EDAR, EDARADD, and WNT10A. The aim of the present study was to perform molecular screening of these 4 genes in a cohort of Turkish individuals diagnosed with HED/EDA. We screened for pathogenic variants of WNT10A, EDA, EDAR, and EDARADD through Sanger sequencing. We further assessed the clinical profiles of the affected individuals in order to establish phenotype-genotype correlation. In 17 (63%) out of 27 families, 17 pathogenic variants, 8 being novel, were detected in the 4 well-known ectodermal dysplasia genes. EDAR and EDA variants were identified in 6 families each, WNT10A variants in 4, and an EDARADD variant in 1, accounting for 35.3, 35.3, 23.5, and 5.9% of mutation-positive families, respectively. The low mutation detection rate of the cohort and the number of the EDAR pathogenic variants being as high as the EDA ones were the most noteworthy findings which could be attributed to the high consanguinity rate.


Assuntos
Displasia Ectodérmica/genética , Ectodisplasinas/genética , Receptor Edar/genética , Proteína de Domínio de Morte Associada a Edar/genética , Mutação , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Proteínas Wnt/genética , Consanguinidade , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Turquia
8.
J Clin Immunol ; 39(1): 81-89, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30607663

RESUMO

The association of immunodeficiency-related vaccine-derived rubella virus (iVDRV) with cutaneous and visceral granulomatous disease has been reported in patients with primary immunodeficiency disorders (PIDs). The majority of these PID patients with rubella-positive granulomas had DNA repair disorders. To support this line of inquiry, we provide additional descriptive data on seven previously reported patients with Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS) (n = 3) and ataxia telangiectasia (AT) (n = 4) as well as eight previously unreported patients with iVDRV-induced cutaneous granulomas and DNA repair disorders including NBS (n = 1), AT (n = 5), DNA ligase 4 deficiency (n = 1), and Artemis deficiency (n = 1). We also provide descriptive data on several previously unreported PID patients with iVDRV-induced cutaneous granulomas including cartilage hair hypoplasia (n = 1), warts, hypogammaglobulinemia, immunodeficiency, myelokathexis (WHIM) syndrome (n = 1), MHC class II deficiency (n = 1), Coronin-1A deficiency (n = 1), X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (X-SCID) (n = 1), and combined immunodeficiency without a molecular diagnosis (n = 1). At the time of this report, the median age of the patients with skin granulomas and DNA repair disorders was 9 years (range 3-18). Cutaneous granulomas have been documented in all, while visceral granulomas were observed in six cases (40%). All patients had received rubella virus vaccine. The median duration of time elapsed from vaccination to the development of cutaneous granulomas was 48 months (range 2-152). Hematopoietic cell transplantation was reported to result in scarring resolution of cutaneous granulomas in two patients with NBS, one patient with AT, one patient with Artemis deficiency, one patient with DNA Ligase 4 deficiency, one patient with MHC class II deficiency, and one patient with combined immunodeficiency without a known molecular etiology. Of the previously reported and unreported cases, the majority share the diagnosis of a DNA repair disorder. Analysis of additional patients with this complication may clarify determinants of rubella pathogenesis, identify specific immune defects resulting in chronic infection, and may lead to defect-specific therapies.

11.
Am J Dermatopathol ; 2018 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30252693

RESUMO

Langerhans cell (LC) histiocytoma is a neonatal tumor that often consists of a single, ulcerated nodule. Systemic involvement is rare, and LC histiocytoma is considered to be a variant of congenital, self-healing LC histiocytosis (also referred to as Hashimoto-Pritzker disease). In view of its low prevalence, LC histiocytoma is not always diagnosed in a clinical examination and requires histological confirmation. Furthermore, the histological and molecular features of LC histiocytoma have not been well characterized. Here, we report on 6 cases of this rare disease and review the corresponding literature. LC histiocytoma differs from classical self-healing LC histiocytosis with regard to the pathological features; we found that LC histiocytoma was associated with massive infiltration by histiocytes of various sizes and shapes (although often large) throughout the dermis and the superficial subcutis. Epidermotropism was rare, mitotic figures were not inconspicuous, and necrotic or calcified areas were often present. Immunohistochemical assessment revealed a mixture of different types of histiocytes (with CD1a CD207, CD1a CD207, and CD1a CD207 CD163 cells). Genetic testing was performed in 5 cases; it revealed a BRAF mutation (p.V600E and p.485_490delinsF) in 2 cases, a HRAS mutation (p.T58I) in 1 case, a combination of 2 PTEN mutations in another case (p.I224M and p. R234W), and no mutations in the fifth case. All the lesions regressed spontaneously, and none recurred during follow-up.

12.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 13(1): 162, 2018 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30227882

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Albinism comprises a group of autosomal recessive diseases that are characterized by poor vision and a variable hypopigmentation phenotype. A comprehensive literature review showed that no tool can assess the burden experienced by individuals who present with albinism, although such a tool is needed and would be beneficial for clinicians and patients alike. METHOD: The questionnaire was devised using standardized methodology for developing and validating questionnaires on the quality of life of subjects according to the following chronological structure: conceptual phase, development phase, and then validation phase. A multidisciplinary working group was assembled, including experts on questionnaire design and development, dermatologists specializing in care for patients with albinism, and representatives of the Genespoir association. RESULTS: Based on an initial verbatim report, the workgroup compiled a list of items that were transcribed and reformulated into questions. During the validation phase, principal component analysis (PCA) was conducted on the 24 items, which allowed the questionnaire to be reduced to 20 questions [Q]. The standardized regression coefficients were all greater than 0.5 for their corresponding factors. Based on their normalized regression coefficients, each group of questions was linked to one of the following four dimensions, with each dimension consisting of at least three questions: "Live with" (8 Q), "Daily life" (3 Q), "Resignation" (3 Q), and "Fear of the future" (6 Q). All dimensions correlated well with the overall BoA score. Cronbach's α was 0.92 for the entire BoA scale, confirming excellent internal coherence. Intradimensional coherences all demonstrated excellent reliability (α > 0.65). The BoA questionnaire was highly correlated with the SF12, RSES and DLQI validated questionnaires. This outcome confirmed the external validity. CONCLUSION: This questionnaire represents the first specific assessment tool for evaluating the burden of albinism. It is easy to use and relatively quick to complete, which will allow the burden to be evaluated over time with a reproducible questionnaire. To ensure that this questionnaire can be used by as many people as possible, cultural and linguistic validation in US English was conducted with the original French version.

13.
Pediatr Dermatol ; 35(6): e378-e381, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30216519

RESUMO

Verrucous hemangioma or verrucous venous malformation is a superficial venous malformation frequently misdiagnosed as a lymphatic malformation because of its classical hyperkeratotic appearance. Clinical characteristics of VVM were studied in patients with a histologically confirmed VVM, and validated in a prospective study of 18 patients. VVM was made of separated vascular elements with irregular shape, in a linear disposition, with variable thickness and keratosis. Its specific vascular pattern consisting of an erythematous patch with scattered small red to violet dots was easily identified using dermoscopy. In many cases, the typical clinical presentation of verrucous hemangioma is sufficient to establish the diagnosis and a biopsy may not be required.


Assuntos
Hemangioma/patologia , Dermatopatias Vasculares/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Dermoscopia/métodos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Erros de Diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Anormalidades Linfáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pele/patologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Pulm Circ ; 8(4): 2045894018793983, 2018 Oct-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30036148

RESUMO

Incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is a multisystemic disorder in which pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a severe and rarely reported association. The prognosis has been poor in reported cases. In our patient, IP was diagnosed during the neonatal period with a combination of cutaneous, ophthalmic, and neurological symptoms. The infant experienced severe collapse with bradycardia during general anesthesia to treat retinal telangiectasia. Echocardiography after resuscitation revealed suprasystemic pulmonary hypertension (PH). Right heart catheterization (RHC) confirmed precapillary PAH not responding to acute vasodilatation test. Lung biopsy was performed to exclude alveolo-capillary dysplasia. Upfront triple therapy with endothelin receptor antagonist, PDE5 inhibitors, and prostacyclin was started. Due to a potential inflammatory mechanism of this acute PAH in the setting of IP, TNF-alpha blockers and steroids were associated. The evolution was favorable with progressive normalization of the pulmonary artery pressure confirmed by RHC after six months. Doses of PAH drugs were tapered down, and finally all PAH treatments could be stopped after 18 months. Subsequent controls including physical exams and echocardiograms did not show signs of PH. This unusual reversible case of pediatric PAH without associated congenital heart disease or portal hypertension highlights the potential reversibility of pediatric PH when an inflammatory mechanism can be suspected. This is the first reported case of non-fatal isolated PAH associated with IP.

15.
Pediatr Dermatol ; 35(5): 644-650, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30024070

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fibroblastic connective tissue nevi (FCTN) are benign skin conditions characterized by bland spindle cells infiltrating the reticular dermis and the upper subcutis with preservation of adnexal structures. A subset of FCTN expresses CD34, which may cause difficulties in the differential diagnosis, in particular with dermatofibrosarcoma (DFSP). We aim to study clinical and histological main features of congenital FCTN to better understand their heterogeneity. METHODS: We present 3 cases of congenital FCTN with misleading pseudo-tumoral presentations and compare them with published cases in literature. We provide a diagnostic algorithm for congenital neonatal connective tissue tumors. RESULTS: Clinically, FCTN mostly present as well-limited and nontender plaques or nodules mainly located in the neck and face areas or in the trunk. Histologically, FCTN are composed of irregularly distributed fascicles of bland spindled cells and are defined by a list of fundamental features: (i) no atypia, pleomorphism, or mitotic activity; (ii) skin appendages entrapped but unaffected; (iii) no evidence for malignancy. In most cases CD34 is positive, but in some cases, cells can express SMA or are even CD34- and SMA-. CONCLUSION: The initial presentation and natural history of FCTN fit better with a neoplasm than with a hamartoma. Thus, we suggest replacing the term "nevus" with tumor and considering fibroblastic connective tissue tumor (FCTT) as the right denomination of this clinico-pathological entity. FCTTs are difficult to diagnose due to their clinical heterogeneity. Clinical and histological malignant and benign differential diagnoses are discussed.


Assuntos
Nevo/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Pré-Escolar , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Nevo/cirurgia , Pele/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia
16.
J Feline Med Surg ; : 1098612X18776141, 2018 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29860905

RESUMO

Case series summary Cutaneous mastocytosis is a disorder rarely reported in veterinary dermatology and usually described as 'urticaria pigmentosa'. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnosis, treatment and outcome of 13 affected cats, selected from the files of a private referral dermatology practice within a period of 14 years. Breeds of the affected individuals included Sphynx (n = 9), Devon Rex (n = 2) and Sphynx/Devon Rex crossbreeds (n = 2). Females (n = 9) were over-represented and the median duration of clinical signs prior to diagnosis was 8 months. The clinical presentation of these 13 cats was compared with cases reported in the veterinary literature and classified according to the current human consensus on cutaneous mastocytosis. Three clinical forms could be distinguished in cats: (1) large papular lesions and wheals, typically localised to the head, shoulders, ventral neck and axillae, and which may spontaneously resolve (termed polymorphic maculopapular cutaneous mastocytosis); (2) erythematous dermatitis, characterised by small maculopapular lesions often associated with crusts and with a poorer prognosis (termed monomorphic maculopapular cutaneous mastocytosis); and (3) more chronic dermatitis characterised by lichenification and hyperpigmentation, similar to the human condition 'urticaria pigmentosa' (termed pigmented maculopapular cutaneous mastocytosis). Histopathology was performed in eight cases and revealed a superficial-to-deep dermatitis characterised by infiltrates of mast cells and eosinophils. The response to various treatments, including antihistamines, steroids and ciclosporin, was variable. Relevance and novel information This article reports 13 new cases of feline cutaneous mastocytosis, confirming the clinical presentation and apparent breed predisposition. The feline maculopapular cutaneous mastocytosis seems to be clinically very close to the human form. This study proposes a new classification system for the feline disease based on the current human consensus, clinical presentation and prognosis, with three different subforms: polymorphic maculopapular cutaneous mastocytosis with eventual spontaneous regression; monomorphic maculopapular cutaneous mastocytosis with chronic evolution; and pigmented maculopapular cutaneous mastocytosis.

17.
Exp Dermatol ; 2018 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29952037

RESUMO

In ATP6V0A2-related cutis laxa, the skin phenotype varies from a wrinkly skin to prominent cutis laxa and typically associates with skeletal and neurological manifestations. The phenotype remains incompletely characterized, especially in adult patients. Glycosylation defects and reduced acidification of secretory vesicles contribute to the pathogenesis, but the consequences at the clinical level remain to be determined. Moreover, the morphology of the elastic fibres has not been studied in ATP6V0A2-related cutis laxa, nor its relation with potential clinical risks. We report on the extreme variability in ATP6V0A2-related cutis laxa in 10 novel patients, expand the phenotype with emphysema and von Willebrand disease and hypothesize on the pathogenesis that might link both with deficiency of glycosylation and with elastic fibre anomalies. Our data will affect clinical management of patients with ATP6V0A2-related cutis laxa.

19.
Pediatrics ; 141(Suppl 5): S496-S500, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29610179

RESUMO

We report on 4 children who presented with aseptic panniculitis associated with inherited immunodeficiency. Three patients had a B-cell immunodeficiency resulting from mutations in the TRNT1 and NF-κb2 genes (no mutation was found in the third patient), and 1 had a T-cell deficiency (mutation in the LCK gene). Panniculitis occurred before the age of 2 years in the 4 patients and preceded the onset of recurrent infections because of immunodeficiency in 2. It presented either as nodules, which resolved spontaneously within 1 to 2 weeks (3 patients), or chronic ulcerative lesions (1 patient) associated with unexplained fever and elevated acute phase reactants, without evidence of infection or high-titer autoantibodies. Febrile nodules relapsed in 2 patients, and recurrent attacks of unexplained fever (without relapse of panniculitis) occurred in the third. Skin biopsy revealed predominantly lympho-histiocytic or septal neutrophilic panniculitis in 1 and 3 patients, respectively. Panniculitis was associated with dermal involvement in the 4 patients. Patients with B-cell deficiency received monthly intravenous immunoglobulin replacement. Two patients who underwent bone marrow transplant died of bone marrow transplant-related complications. The 2 remaining patients had persistent, mild autoinflammatory disease, which did not require specific treatment. In these cases, the need for careful immunologic evaluation of patients who present with unexplained panniculitis, especially early-onset panniculitis before the age of 2 years, is highlighted.

20.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 13(1): 56, 2018 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29636107

RESUMO

Epidermal necrolysis (EN) encompasses Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS, < 10% of the skin affected), Lyell syndrome (toxic epidermal necrolysis, TEN, with ≥30% of the skin affected) and an overlap syndrome (10 to 29% of the skin affected). These rare diseases are caused, in 85% of cases, by pharmacological treatments, with symptoms occurring 4 to 28 days after treatment initiation. Mortality is 20 to 25% during the acute phase, and almost all patients display disabling sequelae (mostly ocular impairment and psychological distress).The objective of this French national diagnosis and care protocol (protocole national de diagnostic et de soins; PNDS), based on a critical literature review and on a multidisciplinary expert consensus, is to provide health professionals with an explanation of the optimal management and care of patients with EN. This PNDS, written by the French National Reference Center for Toxic Bullous Dermatoses was updated in 2017 ( https://www.has-sante.fr/portail/jcms/c_1012735/fr/necrolyse-epidermique-syndromes-de-stevens-johnson-et-de-lyell ). The cornerstone of the management of these patients during the acute phase is an immediate withdrawal of the responsible drug, patient management in a dermatology department, intensive care or burn units used to dealing with this disease, supportive care and close monitoring, the prevention and treatment of infections, and a multidisciplinary approach to sequelae. Based on published data, it is not currently possible to recommend any specific immunomodulatory treatment. Only the culprit drug and chemically similar molecules must be lifelong contraindicated.

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