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1.
J Clin Immunol ; 2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401750

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Patients with primary immunodeficiency (PID) are at risk of serious complications. However, data on the incidence and causes of emergency hospital admissions are scarce. The primary objective of the present study was to describe emergency hospital admissions among patients with PID, with a view to identifying "at-risk" patient profiles. METHODS: We performed a prospective observational 12-month multicenter study in France via the CEREDIH network of regional PID reference centers from November 2010 to October 2011. All patients with PIDs requiring emergency hospital admission were included. RESULTS: A total of 200 admissions concerned 137 patients (73 adults and 64 children, 53% of whom had antibody deficiencies). Thirty admissions were reported for 16 hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recipients. When considering the 170 admissions of non-transplant patients, 149 (85%) were related to acute infections (respiratory tract infections and gastrointestinal tract infections in 72 (36%) and 34 (17%) of cases, respectively). Seventy-seven percent of the admissions occurred during winter or spring (December to May). The in-hospital mortality rate was 8.8% (12 patients); death was related to a severe infection in 11 cases (8%) and Epstein-Barr virus-induced lymphoma in 1 case. Patients with a central venous catheter (n = 19, 13.9%) were significantly more hospitalized for an infection (94.7%) than for a non-infectious reason (5.3%) (p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: Our data showed that the annual incidence of emergency hospital admission among patients with PID is 3.4%. The leading cause of emergency hospital admission was an acute infection, and having a central venous catheter was associated with a significantly greater risk of admission for an infectious episode.

3.
Eur J Hum Genet ; 25(10): 1170-1172, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28722703

RESUMO

About one third of patients with rhabdoid tumors (RT) harbor a heterozygous germline variant in SMARCB1. Molecular diagnosis therefore keeps a crucial place in the diagnosis of RT, and genetic counseling should be systematically recommended. However, immunohistochemistry has progressively replaced molecular tools to assess the status of SMARCB1 in tumors; the necessity of analyzing SMARCB1 status in the tumor may thus be less considered by neuropathologists and pediatric neuro-oncologists. In the present manuscript as aforementioned, we report on two patients with bifocal RT in the first month of life and in whom no germline variant was initially found in the SMARCB1 coding sequence. Careful analysis of SMARCB1 status in the tumors revealed that only one of the two inactivating hits was found in the coding sequence. By sequencing the tumor cells RNA, we were able to detect an insertion with an abnormal sequence, due to the same intronic variant of SMARCB1, which led to the exonisation of the first intron. This cryptic variant was absent in the germline DNA of both patients. Of note, we previously reported one patient with the same deep intronic variant in the germline in a soft tissue RT. To our mind, this additional report on two patients clearly demonstrates that this intronic variant is a new hotspot that should now be systematically added to the germline screening of SMARCB1. We therefore recommend searching for and cautiously interpreting germline analysis if SMARCB1 has not been extensively studied in the tumor.


Assuntos
Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Íntrons , Tumor Rabdoide/genética , Proteína SMARCB1/genética , Teratoma/genética , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Tumor Rabdoide/diagnóstico , Proteína SMARCB1/metabolismo , Teratoma/diagnóstico
4.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 63(1): 71-7, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26375764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Germline non-polyalanine repeat expansion mutations in PHOX2B (PHOX2B NPARM) predispose to peripheral neuroblastic tumors (PNT), frequently in association with other neurocristopathies: Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) or congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS). Although PHOX2B polyalanine repeat expansions predispose to a low incidence of benign PNTs, the oncologic phenotype associated with PHOX2B NPARM is still not known in detail. METHODS: We analyzed prognostic factors, treatment toxicity, and outcome of patients with PNT and PHOX2B NPARM. RESULTS: Thirteen patients were identified, six of whom also had CCHS and/or HSCR, one also had late-onset hypoventilation with hypothalamic dysfunction (LO-CHS/HD), and six had no other neurocristopathy. Four tumours were "poorly differentiated," and nine were differentiated, including five ganglioneuromas, three ganglioneuroblastomas, and one differentiating neuroblastoma, hence illustrating that PHOX2B NPARM are predominantly associated with differentiating tumors. Nevertheless, three patients had stage 4 and one patient had stage 3 disease. Segmental chromosomal alterations, correlating with poor prognosis, were found in all the six tumors analyzed by array-comparative genomic hybridization. One patient died of tumor progression, one is on palliative care, one died of hypoventilation, and 10 patients are still alive, with median follow-up of 5 years. CONCLUSIONS: Based on histological phenotype, our series suggests that heterozygous PHOX2B NPARM do not fully preclude ganglion cell differentiation in tumors. However, this tumor predisposition syndrome may also be associated with poorly differentiated tumors with unfavorable genomic profiles and clinically aggressive behaviors. The intrafamilial variability and the unpredictable tumor prognosis should be considered in genetic counseling.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Neuroblastoma/genética , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Adulto , Causalidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Expansão das Repetições de DNA , Ganglioneuroblastoma/genética , Ganglioneuroblastoma/patologia , Ganglioneuroma/patologia , Humanos , Doenças Hipotalâmicas/genética , Doenças Hipotalâmicas/patologia , Hipoventilação/congênito , Hipoventilação/genética , Hipoventilação/patologia , Lactente , Mutação , Neuroblastoma/patologia , Neuroblastoma/terapia , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/patologia , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/terapia , Fenótipo , Prognóstico , Apneia do Sono Tipo Central/genética , Apneia do Sono Tipo Central/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Front Pediatr ; 3: 79, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26484337

RESUMO

Evans syndrome (ES) is a rare autoimmune disorder whose long-term outcome is not well known. In France, a collaborative pediatric network set up via the National Rare Disease Plan now provides comprehensive clinical data in children with this disease. Patients aged less than 18 years at the initial presentation of autoimmune cytopenia have been prospectively included into a national observational cohort since 2004. The definition of ES was restricted to the simultaneous or sequential association of autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) and immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Cases were deemed secondary if associated with a primitive immunodeficiency or systemic lupus erythematosus. In December 2014, we analyzed the data pertaining to 156 children from 26 centers with ES whose diagnosis was made between 1981 and 2014. Median age (range) at the onset of cytopenia was 5.4 years (0.2-17.2). In 85 sequential cases, the time lapse between the first episodes of AIHA and ITP was 2.4 years (0.1-16.3). The follow-up period as from ES diagnosis was 6.5 years (0.1-28.8). ES was secondary, revealing another underlying disease, in 10% of cases; various associated immune manifestations (mainly lymphoproliferation, other autoimmune diseases, and hypogammaglobulinemia) were observed in 60% of cases; and ES remained primary in 30% of cases. Five-year ITP and AIHA relapse-free survival were 25 and 61%, respectively. Overall, 69% of children required one or more second-line immune treatments, and 15 patients (10%) died at the age of 14.3 years (1.7-28.1). To our knowledge, this is the first consistent long-term clinical description of this rare syndrome. It underscores the high rate of associated immune manifestations and the burden of long-term complications and treatment toxicity. Future challenges include (1) the identification of the underlying genetic defects inducing immune dysregulation and (2) the need to better characterize patient subgroups and second-line treatment strategies.

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