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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33844022

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The efficacy of the novel interleukin (IL)-23p19 inhibitor guselkumab for psoriatic arthritis (PsA) has recently been demonstrated in two phase 3 trials (DISCOVER-1 & -2) but has not been evaluated vs other targeted therapies for PsA. The objective was to compare guselkumab to targeted therapies for PsA for safety and joint and skin efficacy through network meta-analysis (NMA). METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted in January 2020 to identify randomized controlled trials. Bayesian NMAs were performed to compare treatments on American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 20/50/70 response, mean change from baseline in van der Heijde-Sharp (vdH-S) score, Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI) 75/90/100 response, adverse events (AEs) and serious adverse events (SAEs). RESULTS: Twenty-six phase 3 studies evaluating 13 targeted therapies for PsA were included. For ACR 20 response, guselkumab 100 mg every 8 weeks (Q8W) was comparable to IL-17A inhibitors and subcutaneous tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors. Similar findings were observed for ACR 50 and 70. For vdH-S score, guselkumab Q8W was comparable to other agents except intravenous TNF therapies. Results for PASI 75 and PASI 90 response suggested guselkumab Q8W was better than most other agents. For PASI 100, guselkumab Q8W was comparable to other active agents. For AEs and SAEs, guselkumab Q8W ranked highly but comparative conclusions were uncertain. Similar results were observed for all outcomes for guselkumab 100 mg every four weeks. CONCLUSIONS: In this NMA, guselkumab demonstrated favorable arthritis efficacy comparable to IL-17A and subcutaneous TNF inhibitors while offering better PASI response relative to many other treatments.

2.
Rev Med Suisse ; 17(732): 607-608, 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33793096
3.
RMD Open ; 7(1)2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33568556

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the efficacy and safety of guselkumab, a human monoclonal antibody targeting the interleukin-23p19 subunit, in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) through 1 year. METHODS: Adults who met ClASsification criteria for Psoriatic ARthritis, with active disease (≥3 swollen and ≥3 tender joints; C reactive protein ≥0.3 mg/dL) despite standard treatment (31% previously received ≤2 tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi)), were randomised (1:1:1) to guselkumab 100 mg every 4 weeks (Q4W); guselkumab 100 mg at Week0, Week4, then Q8W; or placebo with cross-over to guselkumab 100 mg Q4W at Week24 (PBO→Q4W) through Week48. Clinical efficacy through Week52 (employing non-responder imputation) and adverse events (AEs) through Week60 were evaluated. RESULTS: Of 381 treated patients, 90% completed the study. Numerical increases in the proportions of patients achieving ≥20% improvement in ACR criteria (ACR20) were observed post-Week24, reaching 73% (94/128) and 60% (76/127) for Q4W-randomised and Q8W-randomised patients, respectively, by Week52. Proportions of patients achieving ACR50/ACR70/skin responses and minimal/very low disease activity were maintained, as were improvements in physical function and health-related quality of life, through Week52 in guselkumab-randomised patients. Response to guselkumab was maintained in both TNFi-naïve and TNFi-experienced patients. Serious AEs and serious infections occurred in similar proportions of guselkumab Q4W-randomised (3% and 0%) and Q8W-randomised (6% and 2%) patients through Week60, with no new safety concerns versus observations through Week24. No guselkumab-treated patient and two patients receiving placebo died; no study participant developed opportunistic infection or inflammatory bowel disease. CONCLUSION: Guselkumab provided sustained improvement across multiple clinical manifestations of PsA, maintaining a favourable benefit-risk profile, through 1 year regardless of prior TNFi exposure.

4.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 2021 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33497035

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In systemic sclerosis (SSc) evidence suggests abnormal keratinocyte-fibroblast interactions. We investigated the potential epidermal dysfunction in SSc and its effects on dermal homeostasis. METHODS: Epidermal equivalents (EE) were generated using keratinocytes from six healthy donor (HD) and four individuals with SSc. Skin and EE expression of markers of proliferation, differentiation, and activation was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. The transcriptomic profile of SSc-EE and HD-EE was identified by RNAseq analysis. EE conditioned medium (CM) was used to stimulate fibroblasts, and their production of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, type-I collagen (col-I), and fibronectin was assessed by ELISA. RESULTS: Compared to HD, SSc-EE exhibited aberrant differentiation, enhanced expression of activation markers, and lower mitotic rate of basal keratinocytes, reproducing most of the abnormalities observed in SSc epidermis. RNAseq analysis revealed that, compared to HD-EE, SSc-EE were characterized by lower expression of HOX gene family members and by enhanced metabolic and oxidative stress molecular pathways. EE-CM enhanced the fibroblast production of IL-6, IL-8, MMP-1, Col-I, and fibronectin (p<0.05). Except for Col-I and fibronectin, this effect was 2-fold higher in the presence of CM generated form SSc-EE. IL-1 was, at least in part, responsible for keratinocyte-dependent fibroblast activation. CONCLUSIONS: SSc-EE recapitulate the in vivo characteristics of SSc epidermis demonstrating that SSc keratinocytes have an intrinsically altered differentiation program possibly due to the dysregulation of genes from the HOX family. The increased metabolic and oxidative stress associated with SSc epidermis may contribute to dermis chronic inflammation and fibrosis.

5.
PLoS One ; 16(1): e0245954, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33503031

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a progressive erosive joint disorder that causes functional impairment; therefore, early diagnosis and management are essential. This study evaluated the association between clinical specialty and the time to management in patients with PsA in Japan. METHODS: This was a subgroup analysis of a cross-sectional, multicenter, observational study that was conducted in 17 countries outside the United States, including 17 sites at 8 institutions in Japan, from June 2016 to October 2017. Data from consecutive patients (age ≥18 years) with a suspected or established diagnosis of PsA on a routine visit to a participating rheumatology/orthopedic or dermatology clinic in Japan were analyzed. The primary endpoints were time from onset of inflammatory musculoskeletal symptoms to PsA diagnosis, PsA diagnosis to first conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (csDMARD), PsA diagnosis to first biologic DMARD (bDMARD), and first csDMARD to first bDMARD. RESULTS: Of 109 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of PsA, 39.4% (n = 43) and 60.6% (n = 66) were recruited by rheumatologists/orthopedists and dermatologists, respectively. Most patients were prescribed tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (58.7%) or methotrexate (56.0%). The mean duration from symptom onset to PsA diagnosis was significantly longer (p = 0.044) for patients treated by rheumatologists/orthopedists (70.6 months) than those treated by dermatologists (30.1 months). In the rheumatology/orthopedic and dermatology settings, the mean time from PsA diagnosis to first csDMARD administration was -0.9 and -2.9 months, and from PsA diagnosis to first bDMARD 21.4 and 14.9 months, respectively. The mean duration from administration of first csDMARD to first bDMARD was comparable in the rheumatology/orthopedic (31.8 months) and dermatology (31.5 months) settings. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment approach was slightly different between rheumatology/orthopedic and dermatology setting in clinical practice in Japan, suggesting that an integrated dermo-rheumatologic approach can optimize the management of patients with PsA.

6.
Rev Med Suisse ; 17(723): 184-187, 2021 Jan 27.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33507657

RESUMO

Atopic dermatitis and psoriasis are two diseases that are thought to be distinct from each other, both clinically as well as pathogenetically. Substantial progress has been made in their treatment through the introduction of targeted therapies, blocking key steps in the respective pathogenetic pathways. Interestingly, introduction of a specific therapy for one of these diseases can occasionally trigger onset of the other. This observation helps to better understand the pathophysiology of both diseases and directly impacts their management.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica , Psoríase , Dermatite Atópica/epidemiologia , Dermatite Atópica/terapia , Eczema , Humanos , Psoríase/epidemiologia , Psoríase/terapia
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485651

RESUMO

IL-25, also known as IL-17E, is a unique cytokine of the IL-17 family. Indeed, IL-25 exclusively was shown to strongly induce expression of the cytokines associated with type 2 immunity. Although produced by several types of immune cells, such as T cells, dendritic cells, or group 2 innate lymphoid cells, a vast amount of IL-25 derives from epithelial cells. The functions of IL-25 have been actively studied in the context of physiology and pathology of various organs including skin, airways and lungs, gastrointestinal tract, and thymus. Accumulating evidence suggests that IL-25 is a "barrier surface" cytokine whose expression depends on extrinsic environmental factors and when upregulated may lead to inflammatory disorders such as atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, or asthma. This review summarizes the progress of the recent years regarding the effects of IL-25 on the regulation of immune response and the balance between its homeostatic and pathogenic role in various epithelia. We revisit IL-25's general and tissue-specific mechanisms of action, mediated signaling pathways, and transcription factors activated in immune and resident cells. Finally, we discuss perspectives of the IL-25-based therapies for inflammatory disorders and compare them with the mainstream ones that target IL-17A.

8.
Expert Rev Clin Immunol ; : 1-9, 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33251833

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Guselkumab is a subcutaneously administered human monoclonal antibody, selectively blocking IL-23 through binding to its p19 subunit. It was initially approved for the treatment of patients with moderate-to-severe plaque-psoriasis who are candidates for systemic therapy or phototherapy. Pubmed and Embase databases were searched for publications, using the following search terms: psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, guselkumab, risankizumab, tildrakizumab, p19, interleukin 23, guidelines, treatment recommendations, DISCOVER, ECLIPSE, and VOYAGE. AREAS COVERED: Accumulating evidence suggests that the IL-23/Th17 pathway is important in the pathogenesis of both psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. Following a successful development program in psoriasis, guselkumab was evaluated for its efficacy and safety in psoriatic arthritis in a comprehensive clinical trial program, comprising one phase-2 study and two phase-3 studies (DISCOVER-1 and -2). Complementary data on pharmacokinetics and safety exist from pre-clinical experiments and pooled analyses from two long-term studies in psoriasis (VOYAGE-1 and -2). Based on the DISCOVER-1 and -2 data, guselkumab was approved by the FDA for the treatment of active psoriatic arthritis in 2020. EXPERT OPINION: Guselkumab is the first selective IL-23 inhibitor approved to treat adults with active psoriatic arthritis, broadening therapeutic options in the field through a novel mode of action.

9.
RMD Open ; 6(3)2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33188136

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Review of efficacy and safety of Janus kinase (JAK) inhibition in immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMIDs). METHODS: A systematic literature research (SLR) of all publications on JAK inhibitors (JAKi) treatment published until March 2019 using MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library. Efficacy and safety were assessed in randomised controlled trials (RCTs), integrating long-term extension periods additionally for safety evaluation. RESULTS: 3454 abstracts were screened with 85 included in the final analysis (efficacy and RCT safety: n=72; safety only: n=13). Efficacy of RCTs investigating tofacitinib (TOFA, n=27), baricitinib (BARI, n=9), upadacitinib (UPA, n=14), filgotinib (FILGO, n=7), decernotinib (DEC, n=3) and peficitinib (PEF, n=7) was evaluated. Six head-to-head trials comparing JAKi with tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) were included. Efficacy of JAKi was shown in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) for all agents, psoriatic arthritis (TOFA, FILGO), ankylosing spondylitis (TOFA, FILGO), systemic lupus erythematosus (BARI), chronic plaque psoriasis (TOFA, BARI, PEF), ulcerative colitis (TOFA, UPA), Crohn's disease (UPA, FILGO) and atopic dermatitis (TOFA, BARI, UPA). Safety analysis of 72 RCTs, one cohort study and 12 articles on long-term extension studies showed increased risks for infections, especially herpes zoster, serious infections and numerically higher rates of venous thromboembolic events. No increased malignancy rates or major adverse cardiac events were observed. CONCLUSION: JAKi provide good efficacy compared to placebo (and to TNFi in RA and Pso) across various IMIDs with an acceptable safety profile. This SLR informed the task force on points to consider for the treatment of IMIDs with JAKi with the available evidence.

10.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33158881

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Janus kinase inhibitors (JAKi) have been approved for use in various immune-mediated inflammatory diseases. With five agents licensed, it was timely to summarise the current understanding of JAKi use based on a systematic literature review (SLR) on efficacy and safety. METHODS: Existing data were evaluated by a steering committee and subsequently reviewed by a 29 person expert committee leading to the formulation of a consensus statement that may assist the clinicians, patients and other stakeholders once the decision is made to commence a JAKi. The committee included patients, rheumatologists, a gastroenterologist, a haematologist, a dermatologist, an infectious disease specialist and a health professional. The SLR informed the Task Force on controlled and open clinical trials, registry data, phase 4 trials and meta-analyses. In addition, approval of new compounds by, and warnings from regulators that were issued after the end of the SLR search date were taken into consideration. RESULTS: The Task Force agreed on and developed four general principles and a total of 26 points for consideration which were grouped into six areas addressing indications, treatment dose and comedication, contraindications, pretreatment screening and risks, laboratory and clinical follow-up examinations, and adverse events. Levels of evidence and strengths of recommendations were determined based on the SLR and levels of agreement were voted on for every point, reaching a range between 8.8 and 9.9 on a 10-point scale. CONCLUSION: The consensus provides an assessment of evidence for efficacy and safety of an important therapeutic class with guidance on issues of practical management.

12.
RMD Open ; 6(2)2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32665433

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of guselkumab on enthesitis and dactylitis in a phase II trial of patients with active psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: This was a phase II, randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial of adults with active PsA (≥3 swollen and ≥3 tender joints and C reactive protein ≥0.3 mg/dL) despite conventional synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, and/or oral corticosteroid therapy. Patients were randomised to subcutaneous injections of guselkumab 100 mg or placebo at weeks 0, 4 and every 8 weeks, with placebo crossover to guselkumab at week 24. Dactylitis was scored on a scale of 0-3 on each digit; enthesitis was assessed using the Leeds Enthesitis Index (0-6). Other assessments included American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and Psoriasis Area and Severity Index responses. RESULTS: Of 149 randomised patients, 107 patients had enthesitis (mean score=2.7) and 81 patients had dactylitis (mean dactylitis score=5.7) at baseline. Mean improvements in enthesitis and dactylitis at week 24 were greater in the guselkumab group versus placebo and sustained through week 56. Similar results were observed for the proportions of patients with resolution of enthesitis and dactylitis. At week 56, mean improvements in enthesitis and dactylitis among patients who switched from placebo to guselkumab treatment were similar to those in the guselkumab group. In the guselkumab group, ACR20 responders had greater improvements in enthesitis and dactylitis versus non-responders (week 24). CONCLUSIONS: At week 24, the guselkumab group had greater mean improvements in enthesitis and dactylitis and greater proportions of patients with resolution of enthesitis and dactylitis versus placebo. ACR20 response was associated with improvements in enthesitis and dactylitis. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02319759.URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02319759; Registered 18 December 2014.

13.
Eur J Dermatol ; 30(3): 267-278, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666927

RESUMO

Psoriasis may cause considerable disease burden. The involvement of sexually-sensitive/visible body areas has been associated with decreased quality of life (QoL), more depressive symptoms and stigmatisation experiences. To characterise the topical distribution of psoriasis in sexually-sensitive and visible areas, to examine its impact on QoL and to determine which specific patient needs should be addressed in routine care. Patients with psoriasis vulgaris were recruited within a cross-sectional nationwide survey, involving 157 randomly assigned German dermatology practices/clinics. The main outcome measures were the EuroQoL visual analogue scale (EQ VAS), the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI), the Patient Needs Questionnaire (PNQ) and a grid scheme for topical distribution of psoriasis. The sample included 2,009 patients (43.7% female; 21.8% ≥ 65 years; 64.2% with lesions in sexually-sensitive areas and 86.2% with lesions in visible areas). Patients with concomitant involvement of sexually-sensitive and visible areas presented increased DLQI impairments relative to patients with no involvement of sexually-sensitive or visible areas (F(3, 1723) = 4.091, p = 0.007). Significant differences were also found for patient needs dimensions (PNQ) depending on the body areas affected (F(15, 4602) = 2.936, p < 0.001). Significant effects of gender and age group were also observed. Increased disease severity, lesions in both sexually-sensitive/visible or only visible areas, and increased QoL impairment were associated with specific patient needs. These results highlight the need for proactive evaluation of difficult-to-communicate impairments and the requirements for patient-centred routine care.

14.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235091, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609733

RESUMO

Genital psoriasis affects 2-5% of psoriasis patients; generalised plaque or intertriginous psoriasis also affects the genital area in 29-40% of cases. Anogenital psoriasis has been associated with significant quality of life impairments, but little is known about specific patient needs/treatment goals. This study aimed to examine the overall and sex-related disease burden, patient needs and treatment benefits in patients with anogenital psoriasis, compared to patients with psoriasis not affecting the anal/genital areas. Within the cross-sectional nationwide survey, 2,009 participants were consecutively recruited in 157 randomly assigned German dermatology practices and clinics, according to the following inclusion criteria aged 18 years or over; diagnosis of psoriasis vulgaris; ability to answer the questionnaires; and written informed consent. Based on a high-resolution grid on the topical distribution of psoriasis, two groups were formed: anogenital psoriasis (n = 622) and comparison group (n = 1,303). Clinical severity was assessed by the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI). Patients completed the EuroQoL visual analogue scale (EQ VAS), the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI), and the Patient Benefit Index (PBI). Patients with anogenital psoriasis had higher PASI (13.0±10.6 vs. 8.9±7.6, P < 0.001) and more DLQI impairments (8.9±6.9 vs. 7.0±6.2, P = 0.002) than controls. At the item-level, they also reported more sex-related DLQI impairments (DLQI-i9: 0.5±0.8 vs. 0.3±0.7, P < 0.001) and treatment needs (PBI-i17: 2.2±1.8 vs. 1.9±1.8, P = 0.001). A great percentage of missing/not-relevant responses was found for sex-related items (23.3-41.9%). These results suggest that the assessment of sex-related impairments and treatment needs should be prioritised in patients with anogenital psoriasis. Questionnaires may be used as a less uncomfortable way for patients to discuss their genital lesions and sexual function during healthcare visits. However, the great percentage of missing/not-relevant responses to sex-related items calls for in-depth assessments and effective patient-physician communication regarding these sensitive topics.


Assuntos
Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Psoríase/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Canal Anal/patologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Genitália/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Relações Médico-Paciente , Psoríase/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
15.
Rheumatol Ther ; 7(3): 617-637, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32700230

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic, systemic, inflammatory disease where disease burden and quality of life (QoL) are affected by both joint and skin manifestations. METHODS: Patient and physician reported data were collected about 3200 patients in a cross-sectional survey of patients from nine countries. Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) included perceptions of symptom importance, EuroQol questionnaire (EQ-5D), Psoriatic Arthritis Impact of Disease (PsAID12), and Work Productivity and Activity Impairment (WPAI) Index. Outcomes were compared in patients with 'joint-only' and 'joint and skin' disease symptoms. RESULTS: Of the 3200 patients, 2703 had complete information for 'joint-only' or 'joint and skin' involvement and were included in the analysis. Patients had a mean age of 49.2 years, 45.2% were female, and 64.5% had 'joint and skin' involvement. Patients with 'joint and skin' involvement had higher mean tender and swollen joint counts (5.2 and 4.8) than patients who were 'joint-only' (2.0 and 1.5). Significantly more patients with active 'joint and skin' symptoms experienced a flare (currently or within the last 12 months) compared with 'joint-only' patients (34.9 vs. 23.2%, p < 0.001). When asked to prioritize the burden of symptoms, 61.6% of patients prioritized joints, 38.4% prioritized skin. Anxiety/depression was experienced by 41.4% of patients, 62.4% of whom indicated that both joint and skin symptoms were the cause. Patients with 'joint and skin' involvement reported significantly worse QoL, work productivity and activity impairment than 'joint-only' patients (EQ-5D index 0.79 vs. 0.85, p < 0.001; EQ-5D VAS 71.98 vs. 77.68, p < 0.001; PsAID12 2.91 vs. 1.66, p < 0.001; WPAI overall work impairment 25.61 vs. 16.32, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: PsA patients who experience 'joint and skin' symptoms had significantly worse clinical outcomes, health-related QoL, and work productivity compared with patients with 'joint-only' symptoms.

16.
J Rheumatol Suppl ; 96: 4-10, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32482761

RESUMO

The Group for Research and Assessment of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis (GRAPPA) held a trainees symposium at its 2019 annual meeting in Paris, France. Rheumatology and dermatology trainees engaged in psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis research presented their work. This report briefly reviews 5 oral presentations and 19 posters presented at the meeting.

17.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(6): 700-712, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32434812

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To update the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) recommendations for the pharmacological treatment of psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: According to the EULAR standardised operating procedures, a systematic literature review was followed by a consensus meeting to develop this update involving 28 international taskforce members in May 2019. Levels of evidence and strengths of recommendations were determined. RESULTS: The updated recommendations comprise 6 overarching principles and 12 recommendations. The overarching principles address the nature of PsA and diversity of both musculoskeletal and non-musculoskeletal manifestations; the need for collaborative management and shared decision-making is highlighted. The recommendations provide a treatment strategy for pharmacological therapies. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and local glucocorticoid injections are proposed as initial therapy; for patients with arthritis and poor prognostic factors, such as polyarthritis or monoarthritis/oligoarthritis accompanied by factors such as dactylitis or joint damage, rapid initiation of conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs is recommended. If the treatment target is not achieved with this strategy, a biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) targeting tumour necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin (IL)-17A or IL-12/23 should be initiated, taking into account skin involvement if relevant. If axial disease predominates, a TNF inhibitor or IL-17A inhibitor should be started as first-line disease-modifying antirheumatic drug. Use of Janus kinase inhibitors is addressed primarily after bDMARD failure. Phosphodiesterase-4 inhibition is proposed for patients in whom these other drugs are inappropriate, generally in the context of mild disease. Drug switches and tapering in sustained remission are addressed. CONCLUSION: These recommendations provide stakeholders with an updated consensus on the pharmacological management of PsA, based on a combination of evidence and expert opinion.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Sociedades Médicas , Consenso , Conferências de Consenso como Assunto , Tomada de Decisão Compartilhada , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Interleucina-12/antagonistas & inibidores , Interleucina-17/antagonistas & inibidores , Interleucina-23/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Janus Quinases/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 4/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos Sintéticos/uso terapêutico , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores
18.
J Dtsch Dermatol Ges ; 18(7): 675-681, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32447845

RESUMO

Various immune cells and their messenger substances influence the development of psoriasis. Cytokines of the IL-17 family are of particular importance. In addition to IL-17A, which plays a central role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis, other subtypes of the IL-17 family also have a proinflammatory effect. This review provides an up-to-date overview of the immunopathogenesis of psoriasis with regard to the six IL-17 subtypes, in particular their physiological and pathogenic properties, as well as their significance for psoriasis therapy.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Interleucina-17/fisiologia , Psoríase/imunologia , Humanos , Interleucina-17/química , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores de Interleucina-17/fisiologia
19.
Rev Med Suisse ; 16(688): 646-650, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32239839

RESUMO

Actinic keratoses are the most frequent precancerous lesions on Caucasian skin, often giving rise to squamous cell carcinomas. Appropriate prophylaxis, screening, and early intervention can substantially reduce the incidence of the latter. While isolated actinic keratoses can easily be treated by means of cryotherapy or curettage, multiple lesions often occurring on chronically sun-damaged skin demand more potent therapeutic strategies, such as topical cytostatic or immunomodulatory drugs, or photodynamic therapy. In this review, we give a practice-oriented overview on clinical manifestations, prevention, and treatment of actinic keratoses, and we emphasise the role of general practitioners in the management of this important pathology.


Assuntos
Ceratose Actínica/terapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Fotoquimioterapia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/prevenção & controle
20.
Lancet ; 395(10230): 1115-1125, 2020 04 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32178765

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many patients with psoriatic arthritis have an inadequate response to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors. Guselkumab, a specific inhibitor of interleukin-23 (IL-23) via IL-23 p19 subunit binding, significantly improved psoriatic arthritis signs and symptoms with an acceptable safety profile in a phase 2 trial. METHODS: This multicentre, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial was done at 86 sites in 13 countries across Asia, Australasia, Europe, and North America and enrolled adults with active psoriatic arthritis (at least three swollen and three tender joints; and C-reactive protein ≥0·3 mg/dL) despite standard therapies. Eligibility criteria included inadequate response to or intolerance of standard treatment, including at least 4 months of apremilast, at least 3 months of non-biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), or at least 4 weeks of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for psoriatic arthritis. About 30% of study participants could have previously received one or two TNF inhibitors. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1:1, computer-generated permuted blocks; stratified by baseline DMARD and previous TNF inhibitor use) to subcutaneous guselkumab 100 mg every 4 weeks; guselkumab 100 mg at weeks 0, 4, then every 8 weeks; or matching placebo. The primary endpoint was American College of Rheumatology 20% improvement (ACR20) at week 24 in all patients per assigned treatment group using non-responder imputation. Safety was assessed in all patients per treatment received. This trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03162796 (active, not recruiting). FINDINGS: From Aug 28, 2017, to Aug 17, 2018, we screened 624 patients, of whom 381 were randomly assigned and treated with guselkumab every 4 weeks (n=128), guselkumab every 8 weeks (n=127), or placebo (n=126). 362 patients continued study treatment up to week 24. The primary endpoint was met: ACR20 at week 24 was achieved by significantly greater proportions of patients in the guselkumab every 4 weeks group (76 [59%] of 128 [95% CI 50-68]) and every 8 weeks group (66 [52%] of 127 [43-61]) than in the placebo group (28 [22%] of 126 [15-30]), with percentage differences versus placebo of 37% (95% CI 26-48) for the every 4 weeks group and 30% (19-41) for the every 8 weeks group (both p<0·0001). Serious adverse events up to week 24 occurred in no patients receiving guselkumab every 4 weeks, four (3%) patients receiving guselkumab every 8 weeks, and five (4%) patients receiving placebo. Up to week 24, one patient in the placebo group died from cardiac failure and two had serious infections; no guselkumab-treated patient died or had serious infections. INTERPRETATION: Guselkumab demonstrated a favourable benefit-risk profile and might be an effective treatment option for patients with active psoriatic arthritis. FUNDING: Janssen Research and Development.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Adulto , Método Duplo-Cego , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
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