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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31233278

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Information on gender-related differences in terms of baseline characteristics and clinical outcome of patients undergoing MitraClip® implantation in daily clinical practice have been studied in smaller populations previously. This study sought to additionally evaluate gender-related differences in a larger German real-world patient population. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed data from the prospective and multicenter German TRAMI Registry. Between 08/2010 and 07/2013 327 women and 501 men underwent MitraClip® implantation for significant mitral valve regurgitation. Female patients were significantly older and showed higher rates of frailty compared to men. In contrast, men had significantly higher rates of comorbidities compared to women. The majority of patients underwent MitraClip® implantation for secondary mitral regurgitation, with no significant gender-related differences. MitraClip® treatment was equally effective in terms of procedural results and residual mitral regurgitation in women and men and complication rates were low. However, in this real-world analysis severe bleeding complications were significantly higher in women (p = .02) and re-intervention rates were significantly higher in men after MitraClip® treatment (p = .02). Women showed less improvement in functional NYHA class after MitraClip® treatment compared to men at 1-year follow-up (FU; p < .001). No significant differences between female and male patients were found in 1-year mortality and in re-hospitalization rates. CONCLUSION: In this analysis from a large prospective, multicenter real-world registry MitraClip® implantation is safe and effective for treatment of significant mitral regurgitation with equal postprocedural results and mortality rates during 1-year follow-up. Men and women showed a persisting and significant clinical benefit at 1-year FU after treatment. Complication and re-intervention rates were low. Additional studies are needed to further evaluate our findings on increased bleeding complications and decreased functional improvement in women at 1-year follow-up after MitraClip® therapy.

2.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(13): e011366, 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31248323

RESUMO

Background This study analyzed the effects on long-term outcome of residual mitral regurgitation ( MR ) and mean mitral valve pressure gradient ( MVPG ) after percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve repair using the MitraClip system. Methods and Results Two hundred fifty-five patients who underwent percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve repair were analyzed. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses were performed to evaluate the impact of residual MR and MVPG on clinical outcome. A combined clinical end point (all-cause mortality, MV surgery, redo procedure, implantation of a left ventricular assist device) was used. After percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve repair, mean MVPG increased from 1.6±1.0 to 3.1±1.5 mm Hg ( P<0.001). Reduction of MR severity to ≤2+ postintervention was achieved in 98.4% of all patients. In the overall patient cohort, residual MR was predictive of the combined end point while elevated MVPG >4.4 mm Hg was not according to Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses. We then analyzed the cohort with degenerative and that with functional MR separately to account for these different entities. In the cohort with degenerative MR , elevated MVPG was associated with increased occurrence of the primary end point, whereas this was not observed in the cohort with functional MR . Conclusions MVPG >4.4 mm Hg after MitraClip implantation was predictive of clinical outcome in the patient cohort with degenerative MR . In the patient cohort with functional MR , MVPG >4.4 mm Hg was not associated with increased clinical events.

3.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 93(7): 1374-1381, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31116908

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Prostar XL (PS) and ProGlide (PG) are common vascular closure devices (VCD) used in TAVR via transfemoral vascular approach. The impact of these VCD on vascular and bleeding complications remains unclear. METHODS: The BRAVO-3 trial randomized 802 patients undergoing transfemoral TAVR. We stratified patients according to type of VCD used and examined the 30-day incidence of major or minor vascular complications, major bleeding (BARC ≥3b), AKI and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE; death, myocardial infarction or stroke). RESULTS: A total of 746 (93%) patients were treated with either PS (n = 352, 47%) or PG (n = 394, 53%) VCD, without significant differences in successful deployment rate (PS 322 [91.2%] vs. PG 373 [94.2%] respectively, p = .20). PG was associated with a significantly lower incidence of major or minor vascular complications, compared to PS (adjusted OR: 0.54; 95% CI: 0.37-0.80; p < .01). Rates of acute kidney injury were also lower with the PG device. There was no significant difference between bleeding, MACCE, and death. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to PS, the PG VCD was associated with a lower rate of major or minor vascular complications and lower rates of AKI after transfemoral TAVR.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30790414

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify prevalence/impact of previous implantation of cardiac electronic devices (CEDs), such as cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) and cardiac resynchronization (CRT), in a group of MitraClip (MC) candidates with LVEF < 30%. BACKGROUND: MC therapy is nowadays often considered in patients with depressed left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF%) and symptomatic severe secondary MR. METHODS: Data from the German Transcatheter Mitral Valve Interventions (TRAMIs) registry were analyzed. Patients with pre-procedural LVEF <30% were selected and divided according to the presence of CEDs. Pre-procedural, peri-procedural, and 1-year follow-up data were analyzed. RESULTS: Out of 689 MC patients, 235 had LVEF<30%. Of these, 23% (54/235) had CRT, 36.6% (86/235) ICD, and 40.4% (95/235) had no CEDs. Risk profile was similar (median STS score CRT 6.0 (IQR: 3.0-12.0); ICD 7.0 (IQR: 4.0-12.0); No-CED 6.5 (IQR: 2.0-10.0); p = 0.8). No procedural mortality was observed and hospital mortality was 5.6% in CRT, 2.3% in ICD, and 3.2% in No-CED (p = 0.5). At discharge, severe MV regurgitation was reported in 3.8% of CRT, 3.7% of ICD, and 1.1% of No-CED (p = 0.9). One year estimated survival (CRT 75.7%; ICD 75.8%; No-CED 78%; p = 0.94) and freedom from MACCE (CRT 73.6%; ICD 75.8%; No-CED 74.5%; p = 0.88) were similar. CONCLUSIONS: A third of patients have been already submitted to CEDs implantation at time of referral for MC therapy and 40% of those with severely depressed LVEF% arrive to MC therapy before ICD/CRT implantation. The presence of CED does not impair acute MC therapy success. Mid-term follow-up outcomes are similar in patients with and without CEDs.

5.
Int J Cardiol ; 2018 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30153994

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MitraClip therapy is increasingly used in patients deemed inoperable to treat severe mitral regurgitation (MR), but long-tern data is scarce. AIMS: The multicentre, industry-independent German Transcatheter Mitral Valve Interventions (TRAMI) registry comprises the largest prospectively enrolled cohort of patients treated by MitraClip therapy. The current analysis is focusing on long-term mortality rates, cardiac rehospitalization and reintervention. METHODS AND RESULTS: Long-term follow-up (median time 1037 days) in the TRAMI registry was available for 722 patients treated at 20 German centres. Improvements in New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class (I/II long-term: 65% vs. 1-year follow-up: 63.3%) and self-rated health-status (EuroQuol visual analogue scale [EQ VAS] long-term: 60 [50-70] vs. 1-year follow-up: 60 [50; 70]) were pertained over time. Estimated mortality rates by Kaplan-Meier method were 19.7% for 1-year, 31.9% for 2-year and 53.1% for 4-year follow-up without differences found for MR aetiology. Multivariable Cox-regression analysis identified previous aortic valve implantation (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.21; p < 0.0001), NYHA class IV (HR = 1.78; p < 0.001), prior cardiac decompensation (HR = 1.63; p < 0.001), creatinine > 1.5 mg/dl (HR = 1.63; p < 0.0001) and left ventricular ejection fraction < 30% (HR = 1.60; p < 0.001) as most predictive for long-term mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term outcome in the TRAMI registry confirmed lasting clinical improvements and low intervention rates. Long-term mortality was strongly influenced by cardiac and non-cardiac co-morbidities and was found comparable for both MR aetiologies.

6.
EuroIntervention ; 14(4): e397-e404, 2018 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29688174

RESUMO

AIMS: Transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation (VinV) is established for the treatment of degenerated surgical bioprostheses in patients at high operative risk. Our aim was to report on the first large assessment of VinV with next-generation balloon-expandable transcatheter heart valves. METHODS AND RESULTS: After SAPIEN XT or SAPIEN 3 VinV, 514 patients were analysed using an inverse probability of treatment weighting. Standardised clinical and haemodynamic outcomes were compared, and core laboratory evaluation of implantation depth was performed. Thirty-day all-cause mortality was 0.6% and 3.5% for SAPIEN 3 and SAPIEN XT (p=0.077). Residual transprosthetic gradient ≥20 mmHg was observed in 38.3% (SAPIEN 3) and 35.7% (SAPIEN XT) of patients (p=0.627) with increased rates in small bioprostheses (≤21 mm true ID). In SAPIEN 3 VinV, low implantation depth >20% THV stent frame length was associated with a higher rate of elevated transaortic gradients (p=0.048). Similarly, an implantation depth >5 mm was linked to more pacemaker implantations (p=0.01). Overall, a trend towards higher pacemaker implantation rates was observed after SAPIEN 3 VinV (6% vs. 2.5% in SAPIEN XT, p=0.071). CONCLUSIONS: Transcatheter aortic VinV with the balloon-expandable SAPIEN XT or SAPIEN 3 was similarly safe and effective. However, residual stenosis remains a concern, particularly in smaller bioprostheses and with increasing implantation depth.

7.
EuroIntervention ; 14(6): 645-653, 2018 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29688180

RESUMO

Severe tricuspid regurgitation (TR) has long been neglected despite its well-known association with mortality. While surgical mortality rates remain high in isolated tricuspid valve surgery, interventional TR repair is rapidly evolving as an alternative to cardiac surgery in selected patients at high surgical risk. Currently, interventional edge-to-edge repair is the most frequently applied technique for TR repair even though a device has not been developed for this particular indication. Due to the inherent differences in tricuspid and mitral valve anatomy and pathology, percutaneous repair of the tricuspid valve is challenging due to a variety of factors including the complexity and variability of tricuspid valve anatomy, echocardiographic visibility of the valve leaflets, and device steering to the tricuspid valve. Furthermore, it remains to be clarified which patients are suitable for a percutaneous tricuspid repair and which features predict a successful procedure. On the basis of the available experience, we describe criteria for patient selection including morphological valve features, a standardised process for echocardiographic screening, and a strategy for clip placement. These criteria will help to achieve standardisation of valve assessment and the procedural approach, and to develop interventional tricuspid valve repair further, using either currently available devices or dedicated tricuspid edge-to-edge repair devices in the future. In summary, this manuscript will provide guidance for patient selection and echocardiographic screening when considering edge-to-edge repair for severe TR.

8.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 20(3): 585-594, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29575435

RESUMO

AIMS: We sought to evaluate the impact of pulmonary hypertension on outcomes following MitraClip therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS: The 643 patients in the TRAnscatheter Mitral valve Interventions (TRAMI) registry were divided into three groups according to echocardiographically graded systolic pulmonary artery pressure (sPAP) (Group 1: patients with sPAP of ≤36 mmHg; Group 2: patients with sPAP of 37-50 mmHg; Group 3: patients with sPAP of >50 mmHg) and followed for 1 year. Recent cardiac decompensation, aortic valve disease and tricuspid valve insufficiency were observed more frequently in patients with higher sPAP. Furthermore, logEuroSCORE, Society of Thoracic Surgeons score and age were higher with rising sPAP values. No differences were observed in mitral regurgitation (MR) severity, co-morbidities or clinical findings (New York Heart Association class, 6-min walking distance). Reduction to MR of grade 1 or lower was achieved more often in patients with lower sPAP levels (P = 0.01). In Groups 2 and 3, sPAP was reduced significantly. Major adverse cardiac or cardiovascular events (MACCEs) occurring in hospital (death, myocardial infarction, stroke; <4% in each group), as well as 30-day rates of MACCEs (6.1% in Group 1, 11.9% in Group 2, 12.4% in Group 3) and rehospitalization (18.9% in Group 1, 24.8% in Group 2, 24.8% in Group 3) did not differ significantly. At 1 year, differences in rates of mortality and MACCEs (20.3% in Group 1, 33.1% in Group 2, 34.7% in Group 3; P < 0.01) were significant. Both Groups 2 [hazard ratio (HR) 1.81, P = 0.0122] and 3 (HR 1.85, P = 0.0092) were independently predictive of death. Rehospitalization rates did not differ during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Despite higher mortality in patients with elevated sPAP, these data suggest the safety, feasibility and benefit of MitraClip therapy even in advanced stages of disease. An early approach might prevent the progress of pulmonary hypertension and improve outcomes.

10.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 20(3): 598-608, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28834079

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of the present study was to assess the safety and efficacy of percutaneous mitral valve repair using the MitraClip™ device in patients with severely reduced systolic left ventricular (LV) function. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 777 MitraClip™ implantations included in the German mitral valve registry, we identified 256 patients suffering from severely reduced LV function [ejection fraction (EF) <30%] in whom successful percutaneous mitral valve repair was performed. Procedural safety, efficacy, and 1-year outcome was compared with 241 patients with preserved LV function (EF >50%) and 280 patients presenting with an EF 30-50% prior to MitraClip™ therapy. High procedural success rates, low periprocedural complication rates, and low residual mitral regurgitation grades at discharge were achieved throughout all groups. In-hospital mortality was low and comparable in all groups. After 1 year, mortality rates were 24.2% (EF <30%), 17.3% (EF 30-50%), and 18.9% (EF >50%). Major adverse cardiac or cardiovascular event rates were 29.7% (EF <30%), 24.4% (EF 30-50%), and 23.5% (EF >50%). Procedural failure was the main predictor for mortality in EF <30% patients (hazard ratio 10.38; 95% CI 3.71-29.02). Improved clinical symptoms were observed in the majority of patients in all groups. Thus, 69.5% of EF <30% patients improved by one or more New York Heart Association functional class. Compared with patients with preserved LV function, this is a significantly larger proportion (EF >50%: 56.8%; P < 0.05). Moreover, quality of life, being very poor at baseline, improved distinctively in severe heart failure patients. CONCLUSION: In patients with severely reduced systolic LV function undergoing MitraClip™ therapy, procedural safety, efficacy, and clinical improvement after 1 year are comparable to patients with preserved LV function.

11.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 107(3): 241-248, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29209786

RESUMO

AIMS: The 6-min walk test (6 MWT) has been established as an important tool for functional assessment in heart failure patients. However, its prognostic impact on the outcome in subjects with mitral regurgitation undergoing transcatheter mitral valve repair is unknown. METHODS: This present work represents a sub-analysis of the German, prospective, multicenter, Transcatheter Mitral Valve Interventions (TRAMI) registry. Of the main study cohort (n = 828) 326 patients underwent 6 MWT prior to the procedure. Patients were assigned to two groups depending on the preprocedural 6 MWT distance using the median (< 200 m [group 1] vs. ≥ 200 m [group 2]). RESULTS: No differences regarding procedural success (97 vs. 96%; p = 0.71) and 30-day mortality (3 vs. 4%; p = 0.96) were observed between the groups. With regards to 1-year outcome, patients with a walking distance < 200 m had higher all-cause mortality (26 vs. 14%; p = 0.013) as compared to those with a 6 MWT distance 200 m. After adjustment of baseline risk factors, 6 MWT distance < 200 m still showed a strong trend towards increased 1-year all-cause mortality (HR 1.63, 95% confidence interval 0.96-2.76; p = 0.071). CONCLUSIONS: In the present study preprocedural 6 MWT distance < 200 m showed a strong trend towards increased 1-year mortality in patients undergoing MitraClip implantation.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causas de Morte/tendências , Feminino , Seguimentos , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Período Pré-Operatório , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo
13.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 90(6): 1027-1037, 2017 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28493641

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prior studies have suggested that patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) are at higher risk for adverse cardiovascular events. Whether procedural bivalirudin compared with unfractionated heparin (UFH) has a beneficial effect on early outcomes in these patients is unknown. We examined for the effect of baseline or new-onset AF within 30 days of TAVR and explored for the effect of bivalirudin versus UFH by AF status, on 30-day outcomes from the BRAVO 3 trial. METHODS: The BRAVO-3 trial multicenter randomized trial included 802 patients undergoing transfemoral TAVR randomized to bivalirudin or UFH. We compared AF and no-AF groups and examined for 30-day Bleeding Academic Research Consortium type ≥3b bleeding, major vascular complications and all ischemic endpoints. Adjusted outcomes were analyzed using logistic regression methods. RESULTS: Of the study population, 41.4% (n = 332) patients had baseline or new-onset AF within 30 days of TAVR, whereas 58.6% (n = 470) had no AF. Patients with AF had greater prevalence of renal dysfunction, lower left ventricular ejection fraction, and higher euroSCORE I compared with their counterparts without AF. Among AF and no-AF patients, there were no significant baseline differences between bivalirudin and UFH groups. At 30 days the incidence of death (6.0 vs. 4.5%, P = 0.324) and stroke (3.9 vs. 2.6%, P = 0.274) was similar in AF vs. no-AF patients. However, new-onset AF (n = 38) was associated with significantly greater crude risk of 30-day stroke compared with no AF (HR 4.49, 95% CI 1.37-14.67). Regardless of AF status, there were no differences in 30-day death (P-int = 0.652) or stroke (P-int = 0.066) by anticoagulation type. CONCLUSIONS: Prior or new-onset AF is noted in more than one-third of patients undergoing transfemoral TAVR. Despite greater baseline comorbidities than non-AF patients, AF was not associated with significantly higher risk of adjusted 30-day outcomes. In the BRAVO 3 trial, early outcomes were similar regardless of anticoagulant strategy in each group.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/epidemiologia , Causas de Morte/tendências , Comorbidade/tendências , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
14.
J Interv Cardiol ; 30(3): 226-233, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28370526

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine predictors for long-term outcome in high-risk patients undergoing transcatheter edge-to-edge mitral valve repair (TMVR) for severe mitral regurgitation (MR). BACKGROUND: There is no data on predictors of long-term outcome in high-risk real-world patients. METHODS: From August 2009 to April 2011, 126 high-risk patients deemed inoperable were treated with TMVR in two high-volume university centers. RESULTS: MR could be successfully reduced to grade ≤2 in 92.1% of patients (116/126 patients). Long-term clinical follow-up up to 5 years (95.2% follow-up rate) revealed a mortality rate of 35.7% (45/126 patients). Repeat mitral valve treatment (surgery or intervention) was needed in 19 patients (15.1%). Long-term clinical improvement was demonstrated with 69% of patients being in NYHA class ≤II. In a multivariable Cox regression analysis, the post-procedural grade of MR (hazard ratio [HR] 1.55 per grade, P = 0.035), the left ventricular ejection fraction (HR 0.58 for difference between 75th and 25th percentile, P = 0.031) and the glomerular filtration rate (HR 0.33 for 75th vs 25th percentile, P < 0.001) were independent predictors for long-term mortality. Patients with primary MR and a post-procedural MR grade ≤1 had the most favorable long-term outcome. CONCLUSIONS: This study determines predictors of long-term clinical outcome after TMVR and demonstrates that the grade of residual MR determines long-term survival. Our data suggest that it might be of benefit reducing residual MR to the lowest possible MR grade using TMVR-especially in selected high-risk patients with primary MR who are not considered as candidates for surgical MVR.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Efeitos Adversos de Longa Duração , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Idoso , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Efeitos Adversos de Longa Duração/mortalidade , Efeitos Adversos de Longa Duração/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Risco Ajustado/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
15.
EuroIntervention ; 12(14): 1697-1705, 2017 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28216472

RESUMO

AIMS: In patients undergoing percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve repair for mitral valve regurgitation (MR), our aim was to evaluate acute and follow-up differences with pre-existing sinus rhythm (SR) or atrial fibrillation (AF), as well as comparisons stratified by baseline heart rate. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seven hundred and sixty patients who underwent a MitraClip procedure were prospectively enrolled in the TRAnscatheter Mitral valve Interventions (TRAMI) registry, and stratified according to baseline heart rhythm and heart rate with a cut-off value of 70 beats per minute. Technical success, procedural characteristics and MR reduction were similar throughout the subgroups. Overall, in-hospital adverse event rates were low in this high-risk patient collective. At 12 months, survival was higher in SR (83.5%) than AF patients (74.9%, p<0.05), while the cumulative major adverse cardio-cerebrovascular event rate did not differ, and a sustained improvement of NYHA functional class occurred in all subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: These registry data, comprising the largest number of unselected "real-world" MitraClip patients, suggest that the intervention can be performed safely and effectively, and reduces MR in the majority of patients irrespective of baseline rhythm or heart rate. While 12-month survival was higher for patients with SR, overall MACCE and clinical improvement did not differ between the subgroups.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Sistema de Registros , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
EuroIntervention ; 12(15): e1809-e1816, 2017 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28089952

RESUMO

AIMS: We sought to assess the impact of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) severity on patient outcome in a collective with relevant mitral regurgitation undergoing MitraClip implantation.. METHODS AND RESULTS: From August 2010 to July 2013, 766 patients (age 75.3±8.5 years, 61% male, median EuroSCORE 24.3%±18.4) were prospectively enrolled in the TRAMI registry and stratified by echocardiography into no/mild, moderate and severe TR. Overall, the mean number of implanted MitraClips was higher in patients with severe TR but increasing TR severity was not associated with procedural success. In-hospital and one-year mortality as well as MACE and MACCE (death, myocardial infarction±stroke) rates were higher with increasing TR severity. Kaplan-Meier curves indicated a significant difference for mortality (p<0.0001), but not for rehospitalisation for heart failure. After multivariate Cox regression, severe TR proved to be a predictor for one-year mortality (HR 2.01, 95% CI: 1.25-3.26, p=0.004). Higher rates of severe bleeding were more frequent with increasing TR grades. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with MitraClip implantation, increasing TR severity is associated with adverse outcome, higher bleeding rates and decreased survival rates.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 106(4): 249-258, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27752761

RESUMO

AIMS: The use of the MitraClip system has gained widespread acceptance for the treatment of patients with mitral regurgitation (MR) who are not suitable for the conventional surgery. This study sought to investigate the early and 1-year outcome after MitraClip therapy of patients with MR and cardiac comorbidities. METHODS AND RESULTS: Outcomes through 12-month follow-up of patients (n = 528) who underwent MitraClip implantation were obtained from the German transcatheter mitral valve interventions (TRAMI) registry. The majority of these patients (n = 409, 77.5 %) also suffered from coronary artery disease (CAD). Patients with a dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM, n = 65, 12.3 %) or concomitant valvular aortic disease (AV, n = 54, 10.2 %) were less frequent. Although the prevalent pathogenesis was functional MR, patients with DCM had significantly more frequent a functional MR (96.9 %) compared to patients with CAD (74.9 %) or AV (62.5 %, p < 0.001). Technical success was achieved in 97.5 % of patients. Procedural echocardiograms demonstrated in the vast majority of patients a reduction from severe MR III to mild MR I with no difference between the groups (p = 0.83). The peri-procedural complication rate was very low. At 30-day and 12-month follow-up, the majority of patients were in NYHA functional class II or lower. The rate of death, stroke, and myocardial infarction (MACCE) was comparable in the three patient groups during 12-month follow-up (DCM 26.9 %, CAD 30.3 % and AV 27.5 %, p = 0.85). CONCLUSIONS: The MitraClip implantation is feasible and safe even in high-risk patients with MR and cardiac comorbidities.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/epidemiologia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Idoso , Comorbidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Período Pós-Operatório , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Eur Heart J ; 37(8): 703-12, 2016 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26614824

RESUMO

AIMS: The transcatheter mitral valve interventions (TRAMI) registry was established in order to assess safety and efficacy of catheter-based mitral valve interventional techniques in Germany, and prospectively enrolled 828 MitraClip patients (median age 76 years, median log. EuroSCORE I 20.0%) between August 2010 and July 2013. We present the 1-year outcome in this MitraClip cohort-which is the largest published to date. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seven forty-nine patients (90.5%) were available for 1-year follow-up and included in the following analyses. Mortality, major adverse cardiovascular event rates, and New York Heart Association (NYHA) classes were recorded. Predictors of 1-year mortality were identified by multivariate analysis using a Cox regression model with stepwise forward selection. The 1-year mortality was 20.3%. At 1 year, 63.3% of TRAMI patients pertained to NYHA functional classes I or II (compared with 11.0% at baseline), and self-rated health status (on EuroQuol visual analogue scale) also improved significantly by 10 points. Importantly, a significant proportion of patients regained the complete independence in self-care after MitraClip implantation (independence in 74.0 vs. 58.6% at baseline, P = 0.005). Predictors of 1-year mortality were NYHA class IV (hazard ratio, HR 1.62, P = 0.02), anaemia (HR 2.44, P = 0.02), previous aortic valve intervention (HR 2.12, P = 0.002), serum creatinine ≥1.5 mg/dL (HR 1.77, P = 0.002), peripheral artery disease (HR 2.12, P = 0.0003), left ventricular ejection fraction <30% (HR 1.58, P = 0.01), severe tricuspid regurgitation (HR 1.84, P = 0.003), and procedural failure (defined as operator-reported failure, conversion to surgery, failure of clip placement, or residual post-procedural severe mitral regurgitation) (HR 4.36, P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Treatment of significant MR with MitraClip resulted in significant clinical improvements in a high proportion of TRAMI patients after 12 months. In the TRAMI cohort, the failure of procedural success exhibited the highest hazard ratio concerning the prediction of 1-year mortality.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/métodos , Qualidade de Vida , Sistema de Registros , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
EuroIntervention ; 12(4): 508-14, 2016 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26348678

RESUMO

AIMS: Factors predicting outcomes after MitraClip implantation are not well defined. We aimed to report the influence of baseline renal function on short-term outcomes of patients enrolled in the investigator-initiated German transcatheter mitral valve interventions (TRAMI) registry. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty participating German centres prospectively included 778 patients (mean age 76.0 years [71-81], 38.8% female gender) at high surgical risk (mean logistic EuroSCORE 20% [12-32%]) undergoing TMVR with the MitraClip for the treatment of symptomatic functional (70%) or degenerative (30%) mitral valve regurgitation (FMR, DMR). The patients were stratified according to renal function before clip implantation. The prevalence of moderate to severe renal impairment (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] <60 ml/min) was 62.7% (37.3%, normal renal function [GFR >60 ml/min]; 49.6%, moderate renal impairment [GFR 30-60 ml/min]; 13.1%, severe renal impairment [GFR <30 ml/min]). TMVR was successfully completed in 98.2% of cases; acute procedural failure, in-hospital and 30-day mortality rates were 1.8%, 2.3% and 4.4%, respectively. Acute procedural failure and mortality rates (in-hospital, 30-day) were significantly higher in patients with severe renal impairment (5.9%, 7.8%, 14.1%), as compared to patients with moderately (1%, 1.3%, 3.0%) or mildly impaired to normal (1.4%, 1.7%, 2.9%) renal function (p<0.0001). Following Cox regression analysis, the prevalence of severe renal impairment at the time of TMVR was the only predictor for increased 30-day mortality rates (hazard ratio 3.42, 95% confidence interval 1.88-6.2; p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Renal function at the time of interventional mitral valve repair with the MitraClip system is a strong predictor for procedural outcomes. Patients with severe renal impairment have a more than threefold increased risk for acute procedural failure, in-hospital death and 30-day mortality.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência Renal/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Alemanha , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Insuficiência Renal/diagnóstico , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 66(25): 2860-2868, 2015 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26477635

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation is required during transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) procedures. Although an optimal regimen has not been determined, heparin is mainly used. Direct thrombin inhibition with bivalirudin may be an effective alternative to heparin as the procedural anticoagulant agent in this setting. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to determine whether bivalirudin offers an alternative to heparin as the procedural anticoagulant agent in patients undergoing TAVR. METHODS: A total of 802 patients with aortic stenosis were randomized to undergo transfemoral TAVR with bivalirudin versus unfractionated heparin during the procedure. The 2 primary endpoints were major bleeding within 48 h or before hospital discharge (whichever occurred first) and 30-day net adverse clinical events, defined as the combination of major adverse cardiovascular events (all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, or stroke) and major bleeding. RESULTS: Anticoagulation with bivalirudin versus heparin did not meet superiority because it did not result in significantly lower rates of major bleeding at 48 h (6.9% vs. 9.0%; relative risk: 0.77; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.48 to 1.23; p = 0.27) or net adverse cardiovascular events at 30 days (14.4% vs. 16.1%; relative risk: 0.89; 95% CI: 0.64 to 1.24; risk difference: -1.72; 95% CI: -6.70 to 3.25; p = 0.50); regarding the latter, the prespecified noninferiority hypothesis was met (pnoninferiority < 0.01). Rates of major adverse cardiovascular events at 48 h were not significantly different (3.5% vs. 4.8%; relative risk: 0.73; 95% CI: 0.37 to 1.43; p = 0.35). At 48 h, the bivalirudin group had significantly fewer myocardial infarctions but more acute kidney injury events than the heparin group; at 30 days, these differences were no longer significant. CONCLUSIONS: In this randomized trial of TAVR procedural pharmacotherapy, bivalirudin did not reduce rates of major bleeding at 48 h or net adverse cardiovascular events within 30 days compared with heparin. Although superiority was not shown, the noninferiority hypothesis was met with respect to the latter factor. Given the lower cost, heparin should remain the standard of care, and bivalirudin can be an alternative anticoagulant option in patients unable to receive heparin in TAVR. (International, Multi-center, Open-label, Randomized Controlled Trial in Patients Undergoing TAVR to Determine the Treatment Effect [Both Safety and Efficacy] of Using Bivalirudin Instead of UFH [BRAVO-2/3]; NCT01651780).


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Heparina/administração & dosagem , Hirudinas/administração & dosagem , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Tromboembolia/prevenção & controle , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Antitrombinas/administração & dosagem , Antitrombinas/efeitos adversos , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ecocardiografia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Heparina/efeitos adversos , Hirudinas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Recombinantes/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
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