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1.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33547769

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to determine whether in children with dilated cardiomyopathy repeated measurement of known risk factors for death or heart transplantation (HTx) during disease progression can identify children at the highest risk for adverse outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS: Of 137 children we included in a prospective cohort, 36 (26%) reached the study endpoint (SE: all-cause death or HTx), 15 (11%) died at a median of 0.09 years [inter-quartile range (IQR) 0.03-0.7] after diagnosis, and 21 (15%) underwent HTx at a median of 2.9 years [IQR 0.8-6.1] after diagnosis. Median follow-up was 2.1 years [IQR 0.8-4.3]. Twenty-three children recovered at a median of 0.6 years [IQR 0.5-1.4] after diagnosis, and 78 children had ongoing disease at the end of the study. Children who reached the SE could be distinguished from those who did not, based on the temporal evolution of four risk factors: stunting of length growth (-0.42 vs. -0.02 length Z-score per year, P < 0.001), less decrease in N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) (-0.26 vs. -1.06 2log pg/mL/year, P < 0.01), no decrease in left ventricular internal diastolic dimension (LVIDd; 0.24 vs. -0.60 Boston Z-score per year, P < 0.01), and increase in New York University Pediatric Heart Failure Index (NYU PHFI; 0.49 vs. -1.16 per year, P < 0.001). When we compared children who reached the SE with those with ongoing disease (leaving out the children who recovered), we found similar results, although the effects were smaller. In univariate analysis, NT-proBNP, length Z-score, LVIDd Z-score, global longitudinal strain (%), NYU PHFI, and age >6 years at presentation (all P < 0.001) were predictive of adverse outcome. In multivariate analysis, NT-proBNP appeared the only independent predictor for adverse outcome, a two-fold higher NT-proBNP was associated with a 2.8 times higher risk of the SE (hazard ratio 2.78, 95% confidence interval 1.81-3.94, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The evolution over time of NT-proBNP, LVIDd, length growth, and NYU PHFI identified a subgroup of children with dilated cardiomyopathy at high risk for adverse outcome. In this sample, with a limited number of endpoints, NT-proBNP was the strongest independent predictor for adverse outcome.

2.
Biomark Med ; 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33590771

RESUMO

Aim: To investigate the temporal evolution of plasma proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) in relation to clinical outcome in chronic heart failure (CHF). Methodology & results: Trimonthly blood sampling was performed during a median follow-up of 2.2 (IQR 1.4-2.5) years in 263 CHF patients. Seventy patients reached the primary end point (PE) (cardiovascular death, heart transplantation, left ventricular assist device implantation or HF-hospitalization). MPO level was independently associated with the PE; the adjusted (for clinical factors) hazard ratio (aHR) per standard deviation difference in MPO was 1.71 (95% CI: 1.23-2.43) at any time during follow-up. PCSK9 level (HR: 1.45 [1.04-2.06]) and LDLR (HR: 0.66 [0.49-0.87]) were statistical significantly associated with the PE but only in unadjusted analyses. Slope of temporal MPO evolution (aHR: 1.34 [1.12-1.76] per 0.1 standard deviation/year difference in slope) and LDLR (aHR: 0.78 [0.61-0.90]) however, were associated with PE. Conclusion: Temporal patterns of MPO and LDLR are independently associated with clinical outcome in CHF, which illustrates the importance of assessing temporal evolutions. Clinical trial registration information: registered in ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01851538. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01851538.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33581255

RESUMO

With innovations in therapeutic technologies and changes in population demographics, transcatheter interventions for structural heart disease have become the preferred treatment and will keep growing. Yet, a thorough clinical selection and efficient pathway from diagnosis to treatment and follow-up are mandatory. In this review we reflect on how artificial intelligence may help to improve patient selection, pre-procedural planning, procedure execution and follow-up so to establish efficient and high quality health care in an increasing number of patients.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33624259

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary calcification has been linked to cardiovascular events. We developed and validated an algorithm to automatically quantify coronary calcifications on intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). We aimed to assess the prognostic value of an IVUS-calcium score (ICS) on patient-oriented composite endpoint (POCE). METHODS: We included patients that underwent coronary angiography plus pre-procedural IVUS imaging. The ICS was calculated per patient. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause mortality, stroke, myocardial infarction, and revascularization (POCE). RESULTS: In a cohort of 408 patients, median ICS was 85. Both an ICS ≥ 85 and a 100 unit increase in ICS increased the risk of POCE at 6-year follow-up (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) 1.51, 95%CI 1.05-2.17, p value = 0.026, and aHR 1.21, 95%CI 1.04-1.41, p value = 0.014, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The ICS, calculated by a validated automated algorithm derived from routine IVUS pullbacks, was strongly associated with the long-term risk of POCE.

5.
J Am Heart Assoc ; : e015022, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33624507

RESUMO

Background Patients who have undergone the Fontan procedure are at high risk of circulatory failure. In an exploratory analysis we aimed to determine the prognostic value of blood biomarkers in a young cohort who have undergone the Fontan procedure. Methods and Results In multicenter prospective studies patients who have undergone the Fontan procedure underwent blood sampling, cardiopulmonary exercise testing, and stress cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Several biomarkers including NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide), GDF-15 (growth differentiation factor 15), Gal-3 (galectin-3), ST2 (suppression of tumorigenicity 2), DLK-1 (protein delta homolog 1), FABP-4 (fatty acid-binding protein 4), IGFBP-1 (insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 1), IGFBP-7, MMP-2 (matrix metalloproteinase 2), and vWF (von Willebrand factor) were assessed in blood at 9.6 (7.1-12.1) years after Fontan completion. After this baseline study measurement, follow-up information was collected on the incidence of adverse cardiac events, including cardiac death, out of hospital cardiac arrest, heart transplantation (listing), cardiac reintervention (severe events), hospitalization, and cardioversion/ablation for arrhythmias was collected and the relation with blood biomarkers was assessed by Cox proportional hazard analyses. The correlation between biomarkers and other clinical parameters was evaluated. We included 133 patients who have undergone the Fontan procedure, median age 13.2 (25th, 75th percentile 10.4-15.9) years, median age at Fontan 3.2 (2.5-3.9) years. After a median follow-up of 6.2 (4.9-6.9) years, 36 (27.1%) patients experienced an event of whom 13 (9.8%) had a severe event. NT-proBNP was associated with (all) events during follow-up and remained predictive after correction for age, sex, and dominant ventricle (hazard ratio, 1.89; CI, 1.32-2.68). The severe event-free survival was better in patients with low levels of GDF-15 (P=0.005) and vWF (P=0.008) and high levels of DLK-1 (P=0.041). There was a positive correlation (ß=0.33, P=0.003) between DLK-1 and stress cardiac magnetic resonance imaging functional reserve. Conclusions NT-proBNP, GDF-15, vWF, DLK-1, ST-2 FABP-4, and IGFBP-7 levels relate to long-term outcome in young patients who have undergone the Fontan procedure.

6.
PLoS One ; 16(1): e0245576, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33465135

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In low-resource regions, fibrinolytic therapy is often the only option for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients as primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is often not available and patients are hardly transferred to a medical center with PCI capacity within the first 120 minutes. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the most frequently encountered complications of STEMI. However, the evidence for the efficacy of fibrinolytic therapy in STEMI patients with CKD is still limited. The aim of this study is to test whether CKD modifies the association between fibrinolytic therapy and short-term major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) among patients with STEMI. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This is a real-world study analyzing the data from 9508 STEMI patients (mean age: 64.0±12.4 years; male: 70.1%) in the third phase of Clinical Pathways in Acute Coronary Syndromes program (CPACS-3), which is a large study of the management of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in 101 county hospitals without PCI capacity in China. CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate of less than 60 mL/min per 1·73 m2 at the admission. The primary outcome is short-term MACEs, including all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction, or nonfatal stroke. Patients were recruited consecutively between October 2011 and November 2014. Out of them, 1282 patients (13.5%) were classified as having CKD. Compared with non-CKD patients, CKD patients were less likely to receive fibrinolytic therapy than non-CKD patients (26.4% vs. 38.9%, P<0.001), more likely to experience a failed fibrinolytic therapy (32.8% vs. 16.9%), and had a higher risk of short-term MACEs (19.7% vs. 5.6%). After full adjustment, use of fibrinolytic therapy was associated with a significantly lower risk of short-term MACEs in non-CKD patients (relative risk [RR] = 0.87, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.76-0.99), but not in CKD patients (P for interaction = 0.026). Further analysis stratified by the success of fibrinolysis showed that compared with patients who did not receive fibrinolytic therapy, patients with successful fibrinolysis had a lower risk of short-term MACEs that was similar between patients with (RR = 0.71, 95% CI: 0.55-0.82) and without CKD (RR = 0.67, 95% CI: 0.55-0.92), while patients with unsuccessful fibrinolysis had a similarly higher risk in CKD patients (RR = 1.25, 95% CI: 1.09-1.43) and non-CKD patients (RR = 1.30, 95% CI: 1.13-1.50). CONCLUSIONS: CKD reduced the likelihood of successful fibrinolysis and increased the risk of short-term MACEs in patients with STEMI. Attention should be paid to how to improve the success rate of fibrinolytic therapy for STEMI patients with CKD. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The CPACS-3 study was registered on www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT01398228).

7.
Br J Clin Pharmacol ; 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33507556

RESUMO

Since the outbreak of SARS-CoV-2, also known as COVID-19, conflicting theories have circulated on the influence of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARB) on incidence and clinical course of COVID-19, but data are scarce. The COvid MEdicaTion (COMET) study is an observational, multinational study that focused on the clinical course of COVID-19 (i.e. hospital mortality and intensive care unit [ICU] admission), and included COVID-19 patients who were registered at the emergency department or admitted to clinical wards of 63 participating hospitals. Pharmacists, clinical pharmacologists or treating physicians collected data on medication prescribed prior to admission. The association between the medication and composite clinical endpoint, including mortality and ICU admission, was analysed by multivariable logistic regression models to adjust for potential confounders. A total of 4870 patients were enrolled. ACEi were used by 847 (17.4%) patients and ARB by 761 (15.6%) patients. No significant association was seen with ACEi and the composite endpoint (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 0.94; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.79 to 1.12), mortality (OR 1.03; 95%CI 0.84 to 1.27) or ICU admission (OR 0.96; 95%CI 0.78 to 1.19) after adjustment for covariates. Similarly, no association was observed between ARB and the composite endpoint (OR 1.09; 95%CI 0.90 to 1.30), mortality (OR 1.12; OR 0.90 to 1.39) or ICU admission (OR 1.21; 95%CI 0.98 to 1.49). In conclusion, we found no evidence of a harmful or beneficial effect of ACEi or ARB use prior to hospital admission on ICU admission or hospital mortality.

8.
Future Cardiol ; 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33410726

RESUMO

Aim: We aimed to assess the safety and feasibility of using CardioMEMS monitoring in patients before and after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) surgery. Patients & methods: Ten patients accepted for elective LVAD surgery were included, received a CardioMEMS at baseline and were categorized based on mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) ≤25 mmHg (n = 4) or mPAP >25 mmHg [n = 6]) before LVAD surgery. Results: The combined end point of all-cause mortality, acute kidney injury and/or renal replacement therapy, and right ventricular failure occurred more often in patients with an mPAP >25 mmHg (83 vs 0%, p = 0.017). Conclusion: This pilot study demonstrates that combining CardioMEMS monitoring with LVAD therapy is safe and generates the hypothesis that patients with an mPAP >25 mmHg before LVAD surgery identify a very high-risk group for adverse clinical outcomes.

9.
BMC Med ; 19(1): 21, 2021 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33499866

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prognostic models developed in general cohorts with a mixture of heart failure (HF) phenotypes, though more widely applicable, are also likely to yield larger prediction errors in settings where the HF phenotypes have substantially different baseline mortality rates or different predictor-outcome associations. This study sought to use individual participant data meta-analysis to develop an HF phenotype stratified model for predicting 1-year mortality in patients admitted with acute HF. METHODS: Four prospective European cohorts were used to develop an HF phenotype stratified model. Cox model with two rounds of backward elimination was used to derive the prognostic index. Weibull model was used to obtain the baseline hazard functions. The internal-external cross-validation (IECV) approach was used to evaluate the generalizability of the developed model in terms of discrimination and calibration. RESULTS: 3577 acute HF patients were included, of which 2368 were classified as having HF with reduced ejection fraction (EF) (HFrEF; EF < 40%), 588 as having HF with midrange EF (HFmrEF; EF 40-49%), and 621 as having HF with preserved EF (HFpEF; EF ≥ 50%). A total of 11 readily available variables built up the prognostic index. For four of these predictor variables, namely systolic blood pressure, serum creatinine, myocardial infarction, and diabetes, the effect differed across the three HF phenotypes. With a weighted IECV-adjusted AUC of 0.79 (0.74-0.83) for HFrEF, 0.74 (0.70-0.79) for HFmrEF, and 0.74 (0.71-0.77) for HFpEF, the model showed excellent discrimination. Moreover, there was a good agreement between the average observed and predicted 1-year mortality risks, especially after recalibration of the baseline mortality risks. CONCLUSIONS: Our HF phenotype stratified model showed excellent generalizability across four European cohorts and may provide a useful tool in HF phenotype-specific clinical decision-making.

10.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(1): e017393, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33325242

RESUMO

Background Detailed insights in temporal evolution of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin following acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are currently missing. We aimed to describe and compare the post-ACS kinetics of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT), and to determine their intra- and interindividual variation in clinically stable patients. Methods and Results We determined hs-cTnI (Abbott) and hs-cTnT (Roche) in 1507 repeated blood samples, derived from 191 patients with ACS (median, 8/patient) who remained free from adverse cardiac events during 1-year follow-up. Post-ACS kinetics were studied by linear mixed-effect models. Using the samples collected in the 6- to 12-month post-ACS time frame, patients were then considered to have chronic coronary syndrome. We determined (differences between) the average hs-cTnI and average hs-cTnT concentration, and the intra- and interindividual variation for both biomarkers. Compared with hs-cTnT, hs-cTnI peaked higher (median 3506 ng/L versus 494 ng/L; P<0.001) and was quicker below the biomarker-specific upper reference limit (16 versus 19 days; P<0.001). In the post-6-month samples, hs-cTnI and hs-cTnT showed modest correlation (rspearman=0.60), whereas the average hs-cTnT concentration was 5 times more likely to be above the upper reference limit than hs-cTnI. The intraindividual variations of hs-cTnI and hs-cTnT were 14.0% and 18.1%, while the interindividual variations were 94.1% and 75.9%. Conclusions Hs-cTnI peaked higher after ACS and was quicker below the upper reference limit. In the post-6-month samples, hs-cTnI and hs-cTnT were clearly not interchangeable, and average hs-cTnT concentrations were much more often above the upper reference limit than hs-cTnI. For both markers, the within-patient variation fell largely below beween-patient variation. Registration URL: https://www.trialregister.nl; unique identifiers: NTR1698 and NTR1106.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33313813

RESUMO

AIM: Adequate risk prediction can optimize the clinical management in adult congenital heart disease (ACHD). We aimed to update and subsequently validate a previously developed ACHD risk prediction model. METHODS AND RESULTS: A prediction model was developed in a prospective cohort study including 602 moderately or severely complex ACHD patients, enrolled as outpatients at a tertiary centre in the Netherlands (2011-2013). Multivariable Cox regression was used to develop a model for predicting the 1-year risks of death, heart failure, or arrhythmia (primary endpoint). The Boston ACHD Biobank study, a prospectively enrolled cohort (n = 749) of outpatients who visited a referral centre in Boston (2012-2017), was used for external validation. The primary endpoint occurred in 153 (26%) and 191 (28%) patients in the derivation and validation cohorts over median follow-up of 5.6 and 2.3 years, respectively. The final model included 5 out of 14 pre-specified predictors with the following HR's; NYHA class ≥II: 1.92 (95% CI 1.28-2.90), cardiac medication 2.52 (95% CI 1.72-3.69), ≥1 re-intervention after initial repair: 1.56 (95% CI 1.09-2.22), body mass index: 1.04 (95% CI 1.01-1.07), log2 NT-proBNP (pmol/L): 1.48 (95% CI 1.32-1.65). At external validation, the model showed good discrimination (C-statistic 0.79, 95% CI 0.74-0.83) and excellent calibration (calibration-in-the-large=-0.002; calibration slope = 0.99). CONCLUSION: These data support the validity and applicability of a parsimonious ACHD risk model based on 5 readily available clinical variables to accurately predict the 1-year risk of death, heart failure or arrhythmia. This risk tool may help guide appropriate care for moderately or severely complex ACHD.

12.
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging ; 13(11): e010340, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33190533

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia, coronary artery calcification (CAC), and atherosclerotic plaque are risk factors for the development of cardiovascular disease. We determined at what age CAC becomes apparent on coronary computed tomography after preeclampsia and to what extent modifiable cardiovascular risk factors were associated. METHODS: We measured cardiovascular risk factors, CAC by coronary computed tomography, and coronary plaque by coronary computed tomography angiography in 258 previously preeclamptic women aged 40-63. Results were compared to 644 age- and ethnicity-equivalent women from the Framingham Heart Study with previous normotensive pregnancies. RESULTS: Any CAC was more prevalent after preeclampsia than after a normotensive pregnancy (20% versus 13%). However, this difference was greatest and statistically significant only in women ages 45 to 50 (23% versus 10%). The degree of CAC advanced 4× faster between the ages of 40 to 45 and ages 45 to 50 in women with a history of preeclampsia (odds ratio, 4.3 [95% CI, 1.5-12.2] versus odds ratio, 1.2 [95% CI, 0.6-2.3]). Women with a preeclampsia history maintained greater advancement of CAC with age into their early 60s, although this difference declined after the perimenopausal years. Women with a previous normotensive pregnancy were 4.9 years (95% CI, 1.8-8.0) older when they had similar CAC scores as previously preeclamptic women. These observations were not explained by the greater prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors, and the higher Framingham Risk Scores also observed in women with a history of preeclampsia. CONCLUSIONS: Previously preeclamptic women have more modifiable cardiovascular risk factors and develop CAC ≈5 years earlier from the age of 45 years onwards compared to women with normotensive pregnancies. Therefore, women who experienced preeclampsia might benefit from regular cardiovascular screening and intervention before this age. Registration: URL: https://www.trialregister.nl/trial/5406; Unique identifier: NTR5531.

13.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2020 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33247631

RESUMO

AIMS: Health insurance claims (HIC) databases in the Netherlands capture unselected patient populations, which makes them suitable for epidemiological research on sex differences. Based on a HIC database, we aimed to reveal sex differences in heart failure (HF) outcomes, with particular focus on co-morbidities and medication. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Achmea HIC database included 14 517 men and 11 259 (45%) women with a diagnosis treatment code for chronic HF by January 2015. We related their sex, co-morbidities, and medication adherence (medication possession rate >0.8) with the primary endpoint (PE) of all-cause mortality or HF admission during a median follow-up of 3.3 years, using Cox regression. Median age of men and women was 72 and 76 years, respectively. Prevalence of co-morbidities and use of disease-modifying drugs was higher in men; however, medication adherence was similar. At the end of follow-up, 35.1% men and 31.8% women had reached the PE. The adjusted hazard ratio for men was 1.25 (95% confidence interval: 1.19-1.30). A broad range of co-morbidities was associated with the PE. Overall, these associations were stronger in women than in men, particularly for renal insufficiency, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease/asthma, and diabetes. Non-adherence to disease-modifying drugs was related with a higher incidence of the PE, with similar effects between sexes. CONCLUSIONS: In a representative sample of the Dutch population, as captured in a HIC database, men with chronic HF had a 25% higher incidence of death or HF admission than women. The impact of co-morbidities on the outcome was sex dependent, while medication adherence was not.

14.
Heart ; 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33122301

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy in women with aortic coarctation (CoA) has an estimated moderately increased risk (mWHO II-III) of adverse cardiovascular, obstetric or fetal events, but prospective data to validate this risk classification are scarce. We examined pregnancy outcomes and identified associations with adverse outcomes. METHODS: Pregnancies in women with CoA were selected from the worldwide prospective Registry of Pregnancy and Cardiac Disease (ROPAC, n=303 out of 5739), part of the European Society of Cardiology EURObservational Research Programme. The frequency of and associations with major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and hypertensive disorders (pregnancy-induced hypertension, (pre-)eclampsia or haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets syndrome) were analysed. RESULTS: Of 303 pregnancies (mean age 30 years, pregnancy duration 39 weeks), 9.6% involved unrepaired CoA and 27.1% were in women with pre-existing hypertension. No maternal deaths or aortic dissections occurred. MACE occurred in 13 pregnancies (4.3%), of which 10 cases were of heart failure (3.3%). Univariable associations with MACE included prepregnancy clinical signs of heart failure (OR 31.8, 95% CI 6.8 to 147.7), left ventricular ejection fraction <40% (OR 10.4, 95% CI 1.8 to 59.5), New York Heart Association class >1 (OR 11.4, 95% CI 3.6 to 36.3) and cardiac medication use (OR 4.9, 95% CI 1.3 to 18.3). Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy occurred in 16 (5.3%), cardiac medication use being their only predictor (OR 3.2, 95% CI 1.1 to 9.6). Premature births were 9.1%, caesarean section was performed in 49.7% of pregnancies. Of 4 neonatal deaths, 3 were after spontaneous extreme preterm birth. CONCLUSIONS: The ROPAC data show low MACE and hypertensive disorder rates during pregnancy in women with CoA, suggesting pregnancy to be more safe and better tolerated than previously appreciated.

15.
Circ Genom Precis Med ; 13(5): 541-547, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33079603

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The blood metabolome incorporates cues from the environment and the host's genetic background, potentially offering a holistic view of an individual's health status. METHODS: We have compiled a vast resource of proton nuclear magnetic resonance metabolomics and phenotypic data encompassing over 25 000 samples derived from 26 community and hospital-based cohorts. RESULTS: Using this resource, we constructed a metabolomics-based age predictor (metaboAge) to calculate an individual's biological age. Exploration in independent cohorts demonstrates that being judged older by one's metabolome, as compared with one's chronological age, confers an increased risk on future cardiovascular disease, mortality, and functionality in older individuals. A web-based tool for calculating metaboAge (metaboage.researchlumc.nl) allows easy incorporation in other epidemiological studies. Access to data can be requested at bbmri.nl/samples-images-data. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, we present a vast resource of metabolomics data and illustrate its merit by constructing a metabolomics-based score for biological age that captures aspects of current and future cardiometabolic health.

16.
Heart ; 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33060260

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High-sensitivity C reactive protein (hs-CRP) has been associated with outcomes in adult congenital heart disease (ACHD). However, its prognostic value beyond N-terminal pro B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) or troponin T remains unknown. We studied the temporal evolution of hs-CRP, as well as the relation between hs-CRP and adverse clinical outcomes independent of NT-proBNP and troponin T in patients with ACHD. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, we enrolled 602 patients with ACHD (2011-2013) who underwent baseline and thereafter annual blood sampling during 4 years. Hs-CRP, hs-troponin T and NT-proBNP were measured. The primary endpoint was composed of death or heart failure (HF). Cox regression and Joint Modelling was used to relate 2log hs-CRP levels with the endpoint, with adjustment for baseline characteristics and (repeated) hs-troponin T and NT-proBNP measurements. RESULTS: Hs-CRP was measured at baseline in 591 patients, median age 33 years, 58% men, 90% New York Heart Association I with an average of 4.3 measurements per patient. Median follow-up was 5.9 (IQR 5.3-6.3) years (99.2% complete) and 69 patients met the endpoint. Higher baseline hs-CRP was independently associated with higher risk of death or HF (HR 1.36, 95% CI 1.19 to 1.55). Hs-CRP increased over time prior to death or HF, and repeated hs-CRP measurements were associated with the endpoint, independent of repeated NT-proBNP and hs-troponin T (HR 1.54, 95% CI 1.24 to 1.98). CONCLUSIONS: Hs-CRP carries incremental prognostic value for the risk of death or HF, beyond NT-proBNP and hs-troponin T. Hs-CRP increased prior to the occurrence of HF or death, supporting the role of inflammation in the clinical deterioration of patients with ACHD.

18.
Cells ; 9(9)2020 09 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32947824

RESUMO

Background: Staging of atrial fibrillation (AF) is essential to understanding disease progression and the accompanied increase in therapy failure. Blood-based heat shock protein (HSP) levels may enable staging of AF and the identification of patients with higher risk for AF recurrence after treatment. Objective: This study evaluates the relationship between serum HSP levels, presence of AF, AF stage and AF recurrence following electrocardioversion (ECV) or pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). Methods: To determine HSP27, HSP70, cardiovascular (cv)HSP and HSP60 levels, serum samples were collected from control patients without AF and patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF), persistent (PeAF) and longstanding persistent (LSPeAF) AF, presenting for ECV or PVI, prior to intervention and at 3-, 6- and 12-months post-PVI. Results: The study population (n = 297) consisted of 98 control and 199 AF patients admitted for ECV (n = 98) or PVI (n = 101). HSP27, HSP70, cvHSP and HSP60 serum levels did not differ between patients without or with PAF, PeAF or LSPeAF. Additionally, baseline HSP levels did not correlate with AF recurrence after ECV or PVI. However, in AF patients with AF recurrence, HSP27 levels were significantly elevated post-PVI relative to baseline, compared to patients without recurrence. Conclusions: No association was observed between baseline HSP levels and the presence of AF, AF stage or AF recurrence. However, HSP27 levels were increased in serum samples of patients with AF recurrence within one year after PVI, suggesting that HSP27 levels may predict recurrence of AF after ablative therapy.

19.
Am Heart J ; 227: 111-117, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32739537

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Complete revascularization in patients with an acute coronary syndrome and multivessel disease is superior compared to culprit-only treatment. However, it is unknown whether direct complete or staged complete revascularization should be pursued. METHODS: The BIOVASC study is an investigator-initiated, prospective, multicenter, randomized, 2-arm, international, open-label, noninferiority trial. We will randomize 1,525 patients 1:1 to immediate complete revascularization (experimental arm) or culprit-only plus staged complete revascularization (control arm). Patients will be enrolled in approximately 30 sites in Belgium, Italy, the Netherlands, and Spain. The primary end point is a composite of all-cause mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, any unplanned ischemia-driven revascularization (excluding staged procedures in the control arm at the predetermined time), and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) at 1 year post index procedure. CONCLUSIONS: The BIOVASC study aims to further refine the treatment algorithm for acute coronary syndrome patients with multivessel disease in terms of optimal timing for complete revascularization (Clinicaltrials.gov NCT03621501).


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Sirolimo/administração & dosagem , Implantes Absorvíveis , Estudos de Equivalência como Asunto , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Polímeros , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese
20.
Atherosclerosis ; 310: 1-10, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32861960

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The sex- and age-related differences in the composition of iliofemoral atherosclerotic plaques are largely unknown. Therefore, the aim of the current study is to gain insight into plaque composition across strata of age and sex in a large cohort of vascular surgery patients. METHODS: Peripheral atherosclerotic plaques of patients who underwent iliofemoral endarterectomy (n = 790) were harvested between 2002 and 2014. The plaques were semi-quantitatively analyzed for the presence of lipid cores, calcifications, plaque hemorrhages (PH), collagen, macrophage and smooth muscle cell (SMC) content, and quantitatively for microvessel density. Patients were stratified by age tertiles and sex. RESULTS: Ageing was independently associated with rupture-prone iliofemoral plaque characteristics, such as higher prevalence of plaque calcifications (OR 1.52 (95%CI:1.03-2.24) p = 0.035) and PH (OR 1.46 (95%CI:1.01-2.09) p = 0.042), and lower prevalence of collagen (OR 0.52 (95%CI:0.31-0.86) p = 0.012) and SMCs (OR 0.59 (95%CI:0.39-0.90) p = 0.015). Sex-stratified data showed that men had a higher prevalence of lipid cores (OR 1.62 (95%CI:1.06-2.45) p = 0.025) and PH (OR 1.62 (95%CI:1.16-2.54) p = 0.004) compared to women. These sex-differences attenuated with increasing age, with women showing an age-related increase in calcifications (p = 0.002), PH (p = 0.015) and decrease in macrophages (p = 0.005). In contrast, men only showed a decrease in collagen (p = 0.043). CONCLUSIONS: Atherosclerotic iliofemoral plaques derived from men display more rupture-prone characteristics compared to women. Yet, this difference is attenuated with an increase in age, with older women having more rupture-prone characteristics compared to younger women.

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