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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31965601

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Over-the-counter analgesic use during pregnancy, particularly acetaminophen, may be associated with negative developmental outcomes in children. OBJECTIVE: Estimate associations of prenatal and early-life exposure to acetaminophen in early childhood with cognitive, motor, and language skills in two birth cohorts. METHODS: The American Project Viva cohort (1217 mother-child pairs enrolled 1999-2002) assessed cognition at approximately 3 years using the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test and the Wide Range Achievement of Visual Motor Abilities (WRAVMA). The Brazilian 2015 Pelotas Birth Cohort (3818 mother-child pairs) assessed cognition at 2 years using the INTERGROWTH-21st Neurodevelopment Assessment. We used linear regression to estimate associations of acetaminophen use during pregnancy (Project Viva and Pelotas) and infancy (Project Viva) with children's cognitive scores adjusted for maternal age, pre-pregnancy body mass index, education, parity, race/ethnicity, smoking and alcohol use during pregnancy, depression during pregnancy, antibiotic and ibuprofen use during pregnancy, household income, and child's sex. RESULTS: In Project Viva, exposure to acetaminophen in both the 1st and 2nd trimester of pregnancy was associated with lower WRAVMA drawing scores (ß -1.51, 95% CI -2.92, -0.10). However, in Pelotas, exposure to acetaminophen in both the 1st and 2nd trimester of pregnancy was not associated with INTER-NDA motor scores (ß 0.02; 95% CI -0.05, 0.09) and was associated with higher INTER-NDA total scores (ß 0.08, 95% CI 0.01, 0.16). Other comparisons did not show evidence for any associations. CONCLUSIONS: Inconsistencies and lack of specificity of the findings did not clarify the research question considering that we still have a large variability and uncertainty to define the risk or safety in the use of acetaminophen related to cognition in early childhood. More studies using better exposure assessment and better confounding variables are needed to clarify these associations.

2.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22: e190052, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826108

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate the association of four different risk factors for chronic diseases and accumulation of these health behaviors with area-level education, regardless of individual-level characteristics in Brazil. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out in Southern Brazil including 1,720 adults in 2009/2010. The simultaneous occurrence of tobacco smoking, abusive drinking, unhealthy eating habits, and physical inactivity was investigated. Using multilevel models, we tested whether area-level education was associated with each risk factor and with the co-occurrence of them after controlling sociodemographic individual-level variables. RESULTS: We observed a between-group variance of 7.79, 7.11, 6.84 and 1.08% for physical inactivity, problematic use of alcohol, unhealthy eating habits, and smoking, respectively. The between-group variance for the combination of four behaviors was 14.2%. Area-level education explained a significant proportion of the variance observed in physical inactivity and unhealthy eating habits. Residents of low educational level neighborhoods showed a 2.40 (95%CI 1.58 - 3.66) times higher chance of unhealthy eating and 1.78 (95%CI 1.19 - 2.67) times higher chance of physical inactivity. The likelihood of individuals with two or three/four risk factors was simultaneously higher among residents of low educational level neighborhoods. CONCLUSION: Public policies should consider the area-level characteristics, including education to control risk factors for chronic diseases.

3.
Cad Saude Publica ; 35(12): e00057919, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800782

RESUMO

This study aims to quantify the overall importance of schools in explaining the individual variance of tobacco use and to test the association between characteristics of the school environment and its vicinity with the experimentation and current use of cigarettes. We analyzed data from 102,072 Brazilian adolescents interviewed in the 2015 National School Health Survey (PeNSE). Multilevel logistic regression models were performed to estimate the between-schools variance and to test the association between school-level variables and the use of tobacco. Violence in the vicinity of the school and presence of teachers or students smoking on school premises were the school-level characteristics. The analyses were adjusted by individual covariates and stratified by gender. Around 12.5% of the individual variance in ever smoking was explained by between-school variation among girls (9.2% among boys). The figures were even higher for current smoking (14.9% girls; 12.2% boys) and current use of other tobacco products (27.7% girls; 17.8% boys). In general, the use of tobacco was associated with the existence of violence in the vicinity of the schools and was higher among students whose schools reported that students and teachers (teachers only for use of other tobacco products among girls) smoke on school premises. Tobacco use on school premises and the safety of the neighborhood where the school is located are associated with some smoking behaviors among adolescents. Such findings reinforce the necessity to effectively consider interventions in the school environment and neighborhood to fight smoking among adolescents.

4.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 102, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800913

RESUMO

We analyzed data from the National School-based Health Survey (PeNSE) carried out in Brazil in 2015 (n = 102,072 adolescents) to estimate how much of the individual variance in the prevalence of health behaviors is attributable to the school level. Multilevel logistic regression models were calculated to estimate the variance partitional coefficient (VPC) of the use of drugs, intake of unhealthy food, leisure physical activity and weight-related behaviors. The between-schools variance was significant in all tested models. The highest VPCs were observed when the use of drugs was analyzed (15%-20% of the total variance of smoking and use of illegal drugs). Lower, but still significant, values were observed in the other outcomes. The school context plays an important role in the adolescents' health and should be considered in the design of public policies and actions in public health.


Assuntos
Saúde do Adolescente/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamentos de Risco à Saúde , Instituições Acadêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Peso Corporal , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Preferências Alimentares , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Setor Privado , Setor Público , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/epidemiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Consumo de Álcool por Menores/estatística & dados numéricos
5.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 92, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644723

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the use of the first dose of antibiotics in the health care unit in children from the 2015 Pelotas Birth Cohort at 24 months. METHODS: A total of 4,014 children were monitored. We used descriptive statistics and Poisson regression to analyze the association between socioeconomic and demographic variables, participation in daycare units, in the activities of the Pastoral da Criança and in the Primeira Infância Melhor program, low birth weight, hospitalization between 12 and 24 months, place of medical appointment, prevalence of medical appointment in the last 30 days, prescription of antibiotics, and administration of the first dose in the health care unit. RESULTS: A total of 1,044 children had medical appointments in the last 30 days, of which 45% were prescribed antibiotics and only 10.5% were administered the first dose of this medication in the health care unit. Children with brown, yellow or indigenous skin color were administered 2.5 times more antibiotics than white children. Children whose mothers had 12 years or more of education were administered 83.0% fewer antibiotics than those whose mothers had up to 4 years of education. Among those who were hospitalized for 12 to 24 months, the use of antibiotics was almost four times higher than among those who were not. Among the children served by the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS), only 15.3% were administered the first dose of antibiotic in the health care unit. When compared with children served by private health care or health plan, administration of the first dose in the SUS was 76.0% higher. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the efforts related to the Pastoral da Criança campaign "Antibiotic: first dose immediately," adherence to the provision of antibiotics in the health care unit is still low. Strategies are necessary and urgent so children have access to the first dose of antibiotics in the health care unit.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Agendamento de Consultas , Brasil/epidemiologia , Saúde da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Prescrições de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mães , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Prevalência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
6.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 67, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483007

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the years of life lost by the Brazilian population due to mouth and pharynx cancer from 1979 to 2013, and analyze the temporal trends in the studied period, according to the country's region, sex and anatomical site. METHODS: The death records were obtained from the Mortality Information System and the data referring to the population, from the censuses of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics of 1980, 1991, 2000, 2010, and from intercensal estimates for the other years. The rates of potential years of life lost were calculated by applying the method suggested by Romeder and McWhinnie, and their trends were calculated using the Prais-Winsten method with first-order autocorrelation. The historical series were smoothed with the centered moving average technique of third order for white noise reduction. RESULTS: In the period from 1979 to 2013 in Brazil, there were a total of 107,506 premature deaths due to mouth and pharynx cancer, which generated a total of 1,589,501 potential years of life lost, the equivalent to a rate of 3.6 per 10,000 inhabitants. Males, whose rate was six times higher than for females, contributed with 85% of the years lost. The trends in the rates of years of life lost showed an annual 0.72% increase for men, 1.13% for women and 1.05% for pharynx cancer. CONCLUSIONS: The rate of potential years of life lost due to mouth and pharynx cancer in the country showed an upward trend within the studied period for both sexes, as well as for pharynx cancer and for the North, Northeast and Midwest regions.


Assuntos
Expectativa de Vida/tendências , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Faríngeas/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Geografia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Características de Residência , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
7.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 37: 1-5, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31445361

RESUMO

The aim of the current study was to investigate the prevalence of the use the integrative and complementary practices (ICP) and its associated factors in Brazil. Data was obtained from the cross-sectional National Health Survey 2013 (NHS), which had 145,580 adults aged 18 or over were interviewed. The outcome was the use of any ICP over the last 12 months and independent variables were macro-region, sex, age, educational attainment, skin color/race, and chronic disease. The results show that the prevalence of ICPs use in Brazil was 4.1%, while the most used types were medicinal plants and phytotherapy (2.5%), acupuncture (0.9%) and homeopathy (0.6%). The prevalence of ICPs use was higher in the North Region, among older people, women, participants with higher educational attainment, and with a higher number of chronic diseases. The findings from the current study provide valuable evidence that can inform future evidence-based public policies in Brazil.

8.
Int J Public Health ; 64(5): 713-720, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31065728

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study analyzed the evolution of regional and socioeconomic inequality in life expectancy (LE) at birth and the probability of living up to 40 (LU40) and up to 60 years of age (LU60) in Brazilian municipalities between 1991 and 2010. METHODS: We analyzed data from the last three national census (1991, 2000 and 2010) computed for the 5565 Brazilian municipalities. They were divided into centiles according to the average per capita income. Poisson regression was performed to calculate the ratios between the poorest and the richest centiles. RESULTS: The average LE (+ 8.8 years), LU40 [6.7 percentage points (pp)] and LU60 increased (12.2 pp) between 1991 and 2010. The ratio of LE between the 1% of richest counties and the 1% of poorest counties decreased from 1.20 in 1991 to 1.09 in 2010. While in the poorest municipalities there was a gain of around 12 years of life, among the richest this increase was around 7 years. CONCLUSIONS: There was a remarkable decrease in regional and socioeconomic inequality in LE, LU40 and LU60 in Brazil between 1991 and 2010.


Assuntos
Renda/estatística & dados numéricos , Expectativa de Vida/tendências , Mortalidade/tendências , Pobreza/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil , Cidades/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Previsões , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Fatores Socioeconômicos
9.
Epidemiol Serv Saude ; 28(1): e2018079, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30970071

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to analyze the mortality coefficient trend for road traffic accidents involving pedestrians in Brazil, by sex, age range and macro-region, between 1996 and 2015. METHODS: this was an ecological time series study using data from the Ministry of Health's Mortality Information System (SIM); Prais-Winstein generalized linear regression was used to calculate annual percentage change. RESULTS: pedestrian deaths corresponded to 26.5% of deaths due to road traffic accidents; mortality among pedestrians decreased 63.2% in the country as a whole, with the standardized coefficient varying between 8.9 to 3.3 per 100,000 inhabitants, although the decrease in the country's North and the Northeast regions was slower than the national average; being run over was significantly higher among men and the elderly. CONCLUSION: although mortality among pedestrians is decreasing in all regions of the country, current figures still account for a large part of road traffic mortality.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito/mortalidade , Pedestres/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade , Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Sistemas de Informação/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores de Tempo , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Epidemiol Community Health ; 73(6): 544-548, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30782854

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brazil is among the 10 countries with the highest prevalence of overweight in the world. The aim was to analyse the changes in the dispersion of body mass index (BMI) in the Brazilian population from the 1970s to 2013 in specific population groups. METHODS: Data were extracted from five national household surveys between 1974-1975 and 2013, including adults aged 20 to 64. We calculated SD, median, fifth and 95th percentiles of BMI for each sociodemographic category (sex, age, schooling) and survey year in order to explore whether changes in mean BMI are followed by changes in dispersion. RESULTS: During the period the mean BMI ranged from 22.7 kg/m2 to 26.6 kg/m2, with a much higher variation in the 95th percentile (+6.1 kg/m2) when compared with the fifth percentile (+1.8 kg/m2). The within-group differences increased over time. The SD increased in all categories analysed and was higher among women, lower schooling groups and the oldest group. An increase of 1.0 kg/m2 in the BMI mean was associated with an increase of 0.32 kg/m2 in the SD, 0.45 kg/m2 in the fifth percentile and 1.50 kg/m2 in the 95th percentile of BMI. CONCLUSIONS: Population changes occurred in BMI are more complex than the simple increase of its average. Concomitant to the increase in BMI, there was an increase in the within-group differences, showing that growing inequalities are not driven solely by sociodemographic factors.

11.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 53: 92, jan. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1043338

RESUMO

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To estimate the use of the first dose of antibiotics in the health care unit in children from the 2015 Pelotas Birth Cohort at 24 months. METHODS A total of 4,014 children were monitored. We used descriptive statistics and Poisson regression to analyze the association between socioeconomic and demographic variables, participation in daycare units, in the activities of the Pastoral da Criança and in the Primeira Infância Melhor program, low birth weight, hospitalization between 12 and 24 months, place of medical appointment, prevalence of medical appointment in the last 30 days, prescription of antibiotics, and administration of the first dose in the health care unit. RESULTS A total of 1,044 children had medical appointments in the last 30 days, of which 45% were prescribed antibiotics and only 10.5% were administered the first dose of this medication in the health care unit. Children with brown, yellow or indigenous skin color were administered 2.5 times more antibiotics than white children. Children whose mothers had 12 years or more of education were administered 83.0% fewer antibiotics than those whose mothers had up to 4 years of education. Among those who were hospitalized for 12 to 24 months, the use of antibiotics was almost four times higher than among those who were not. Among the children served by the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS), only 15.3% were administered the first dose of antibiotic in the health care unit. When compared with children served by private health care or health plan, administration of the first dose in the SUS was 76.0% higher. CONCLUSIONS Despite the efforts related to the Pastoral da Criança campaign "Antibiotic: first dose immediately," adherence to the provision of antibiotics in the health care unit is still low. Strategies are necessary and urgent so children have access to the first dose of antibiotics in the health care unit.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Estimar o uso da primeira dose do antibiótico no local de atendimento nas crianças da Coorte de Nascimentos de Pelotas de 2015 aos 24 meses. MÉTODOS Foram acompanhadas 4.014 crianças. A associação entre variáveis socioeconômicas e demográficas, participação em creche, nas ações da Pastoral da Criança e no programa Primeira Infância Melhor, baixo peso ao nascer, internação entre 12 e 24 meses, local da consulta, prevalência de consulta nos últimos 30 dias, prescrição de antibióticos e recebimento da primeira dose no local de atendimento foi analisada por meio de estatística descritiva e regressão de Poisson. RESULTADOS Tiveram consulta nos últimos 30 dias 1.044 crianças, das quais 45% receberam prescrição de antibiótico e apenas 10,5% receberam a primeira dose dessa medicação no local de atendimento. Crianças de cor da pele parda, amarela ou indígena tiveram um uso de antibiótico 2,5 vezes maior que o das brancas. Já as crianças cujas mães tinham 12 anos ou mais de escolaridade usaram 83,0% menos antibióticos que aquelas cujas mães tinham até quatro anos de estudo. Entre aquelas que foram internadas entre 12 e 24 meses, o uso de antibiótico foi quase quatro vezes maior do que entre as que não foram. Entre as crianças atendidas pelo Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), apenas 15,3% receberam a primeira dose do antibiótico no local de atendimento. Quando comparado com o de crianças atendidas por financiamento particular ou convênio, o recebimento da primeira dose no SUS chegou a ser 76,0% superior. CONCLUSÕES Apesar dos esforços relacionados à campanha da Pastoral da Criança "Antibiótico: primeira dose imediata", ainda é baixa a adesão ao fornecimento de antibióticos no local de atendimento. Estratégias são necessárias e urgentes para que as crianças tenham acesso à primeira dose de antibióticos no local de atendimento.

12.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 28(1): e2018079, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1001962

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo: analisar a tendência do coeficiente de mortalidade dos acidentes de trânsito envolvendo pedestres, por sexo, faixa etária e macrorregião no Brasil, entre 1996 e 2015. Métodos: estudo ecológico de série temporal, com dados de mortalidade do Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade (SIM) do Ministério da Saúde; utilizaram-se regressões generalizadas lineares de Prais-Winstein para o cálculo da variação percentual anual. Resultados: óbitos de pedestres corresponderam a 26,5% das mortes por acidentes de trânsito; a mortalidade entre pedestres diminuiu 63,2% no país, com variação do coeficiente padronizado, de 8,9 para 3,3 para cada 100 mil habitantes, ressaltando-se que as regiões Norte e Nordeste apresentaram uma diminuição mais lenta em relação à média nacional; os atropelamentos são significativamente maiores entre homens e idosos. Conclusão: apesar de a mortalidade entre pedestres estar diminuindo em todas as regiões, os números atuais ainda representam uma grande parcela da mortalidade no trânsito.


Resumen Objetivo: analizar la tendencia de la tasa de mortalidad de los accidentes de tránsito involucrando peatones, por sexo, grupo de edad y macrorregión en Brasil, entre 1996 y 2015. Métodos: estudio ecológico de serie temporal, con datos de mortalidad del Sistema de Informaciones sobre Mortalidad (SIM) del Ministerio de Salud; se utilizaron regresiones generalizadas lineales de Prais-Winstein para el cálculo de la variación porcentual anual. Resultados: las muertes de peatones correspondieron al 26,5% de las muertes por accidentes de tránsito; la mortalidad entre peatones disminuyó un 63,2% en el país, con variación de la tasa estandarizada, de 8,9 para 3,3 por cada 100 mil habitantes, destacando que las regiones Norte y Nordeste presentaron una disminución más lenta en relación al promedio nacional; los atropellamientos son significativamente mayores entre hombres y ancianos. Conclusión: a pesar de que la mortalidad entre peatones está disminuyendo en todas las regiones, las cifras actuales todavía representan una gran parte de la mortalidad en el tránsito.


Abstract Objective: to analyze the mortality coefficient trend for road traffic accidents involving pedestrians in Brazil, by sex, age range and macro-region, between 1996 and 2015. Methods: this was an ecological time series study using data from the Ministry of Health's Mortality Information System (SIM); Prais-Winstein generalized linear regression was used to calculate annual percentage change. Results: pedestrian deaths corresponded to 26.5% of deaths due to road traffic accidents; mortality among pedestrians decreased 63.2% in the country as a whole, with the standardized coefficient varying between 8.9 to 3.3 per 100,000 inhabitants, although the decrease in the country's North and the Northeast regions was slower than the national average; being run over was significantly higher among men and the elderly. Conclusion: although mortality among pedestrians is decreasing in all regions of the country, current figures still account for a large part of road traffic mortality.

13.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 53: 67, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1020900

RESUMO

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To estimate the years of life lost by the Brazilian population due to mouth and pharynx cancer from 1979 to 2013, and analyze the temporal trends in the studied period, according to the country's region, sex and anatomical site. METHODS The death records were obtained from the Mortality Information System and the data referring to the population, from the censuses of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics of 1980, 1991, 2000, 2010, and from intercensal estimates for the other years. The rates of potential years of life lost were calculated by applying the method suggested by Romeder and McWhinnie, and their trends were calculated using the Prais-Winsten method with first-order autocorrelation. The historical series were smoothed with the centered moving average technique of third order for white noise reduction. RESULTS In the period from 1979 to 2013 in Brazil, there were a total of 107,506 premature deaths due to mouth and pharynx cancer, which generated a total of 1,589,501 potential years of life lost, the equivalent to a rate of 3.6 per 10,000 inhabitants. Males, whose rate was six times higher than for females, contributed with 85% of the years lost. The trends in the rates of years of life lost showed an annual 0.72% increase for men, 1.13% for women and 1.05% for pharynx cancer. CONCLUSIONS The rate of potential years of life lost due to mouth and pharynx cancer in the country showed an upward trend within the studied period for both sexes, as well as for pharynx cancer and for the North, Northeast and Midwest regions.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Estimar os anos de vida perdidos pela população brasileira devido ao câncer de boca e faringe de 1979 a 2013 e analisar a tendências temporais no período estudado, segundo região do país, sexo e sítio anatômico. MÉTODOS Os registros de óbitos foram obtidos do Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade e os dados referentes à população, dos censos do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística de 1980, 1991, 2000, 2010 e de estimativas intercensitárias para os demais anos. Foram calculadas as taxas de anos de vida potencialmente perdidos aplicando o método sugerido por Romeder e McWhinnie, e suas tendências foram calculadas usando o método de Prais-Winsten com correção para autocorrelação de primeira ordem. As séries históricas foram alisadas com técnica de média móvel central de ordem 3 para redução de ruído branco. RESULTADOS No período de 1979 a 2013 no Brasil, houve um total de 107.506 mortes prematuras devido ao câncer de boca e faringe, o que gerou um total de 1.589.501 anos potenciais de vida perdidos, equivalendo a uma taxa de 3,6 por 10.000 habitantes. O sexo masculino, com uma taxa seis vezes maior que a do sexo feminino, contribuiu com 85% dos anos perdidos. As tendências das taxas de anos de vida perdidos mostraram aumento anual de 0,72% nos homens, 1,13% nas mulheres e 1,05% para o câncer de faringe. CONCLUSÕES A taxa de anos potenciais de vida perdidos por câncer de boca e faringe no país mostrou tendência de aumento dentro do período estudado em ambos os sexos, assim como para o câncer de faringe e para as regiões Norte, Nordeste e Centro-Oeste.

14.
Epidemiol Serv Saude ; 27(4): e2018022, 2018 11 29.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30517352

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to analyze evolution as to conducting seven or more prenatal consultations with pregnant women in Brazil, in the period 2000-2015 according to maternal education level and race/skin color of the newborn baby. METHODS: this was a time series study based on Live Births Information System (SINASC) data; relative and absolute inequalities were investigated, adjusted for maternal age and gestational week in which childbirth occurred. RESULTS: we analyzed approximately 48 million births; the proportion of seven or more prenatal consultations increased nationally (from 46.0% to 66.9%) in all groups analyzed; the relative difference between the extremes of education level ranged from 3.0 to 2.0, while the absolute difference ranged from 53.1 to 47.7 percentage points; the adjusted ratio between White/Black race/skin color was 1.4 in 2000 and 1.2 in 2015. CONCLUSION: the proportion of pregnant women having seven or more prenatal consultations has increased in Brazil, although inequalities are still found.


Assuntos
Grupos de Populações Continentais/estatística & dados numéricos , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidado Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Escolaridade , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/economia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Idade Materna , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal/economia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
15.
Cad Saude Publica ; 34(6): e00100917, 2018 06 25.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29952401

RESUMO

In recent years, drug poisoning and adverse reactions have been an important cause of hospitalization and mortality and a major public health issue. The aim of this study was to describe trends in hospitalizations and deaths from drug poisoning and adverse reactions from 2000 to 2014. Data were from the Mortality Information System (SIM) and Information System on Authorizations for Hospital Admissions of the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SIH-SUS), and the study population was analyzed by sex, region of residence, and age bracket. Events were defined according to ICD-10 codes. The analysis of trends in the historical series used Prais-Winsten generalized linear regression with correction for first order autocorrelation effect. Both the hospitalizations and deaths during the study period showed upward trends. The analysis by regions maintained the upward trends for both events in the South and Southeast regions. Analysis according to age brackets showed downward trends in children under five years in both events, upward trend in deaths in individuals over four years of age, and an upward trend in hospitalizations in the age bracket from 20 to 59 years. Drug poisoning and adverse reactions contribute significantly to hospitalizations and deaths in Brazil, and the SIM and SIH-SUS are data sources with satisfactory quality for population-based studies on hospital morbidity and mortality in the country.


Assuntos
Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/mortalidade , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitalização/tendências , Envenenamento/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Sistemas de Informação Hospitalar/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distribuição por Sexo , Análise Espaço-Temporal , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
16.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 27(4): e2018022, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-975199

RESUMO

Objetivo: analisar a evolução da realização de ao menos sete consultas de pré-natal no Brasil, no período 2000-2015, segundo escolaridade da mãe e raça/cor da pele do recém-nascido. Métodos: estudo de série temporal com base no Sistema de Informações sobre Nascidos Vivos (Sinasc); investigaram-se desigualdades relativas e absolutas ajustadas pela idade materna e semana de gestação quando ocorreu o parto. Resultados: analisaram-se aproximadamente 48 milhões de nascimentos; a proporção de realização de sete ou mais consultas de pré-natal aumentou nacionalmente (de 46,0 para 66,9%) e em todos os grupos analisados; a diferença relativa entre os extremos de escolaridade variou de 3,0 para 2,0 e a absoluta de 53,1 para 47,7 pontos percentuais; a razão ajustada entre raça/cor da pele branca e preta era de 1,4 em 2000 e chegou a 1,2 em 2015. Conclusão: a proporção de gestantes com sete ou mais consultas de pré-natal aumentou no Brasil, embora desigualdades ainda tenham sido observadas.


Objetivo: analizar la evolucion de cobertura de siete o más consultas prenatales en mujeres embarazadas en Brasil, en el período 2000-2015 según el nivel de educación y la raza/color de piel del recién nacido. Métodos: estudio de series temporales basado en datos del Sistema de Informaciones sobre Nacidos Vivos (Sinasc); se investigaron las desigualdades relativas y absolutas, ajustadas por edad materna y semana gestacional por ocasión del parto. Resultados: se analizaron aproximadamente 48 millones de nacimientos; la proporción de siete o más consultas aumentó en Brasil (de 46.0% a 66.9%) en todos los grupos analizados; la diferencia relativa entre los extremos del nivel educativo varió de 3.0 a 2.0 y la diferencia absoluta de 53.1 a 47.7 puntos porcentuales; la razón ajustada entre raza/color blanca y negra, de 1,4 en 2000, llegó a 1,2 en 2015. Conclusión: la proporción de gestantes con siete o más consultas prenatales aumentó en Brasil, pero aún se observan desigualdades.


Objective: to analyze evolution as to conducting seven or more prenatal consultations with pregnant women in Brazil, in the period 2000-2015 according to maternal education level and race/skin color of the newborn baby. Methods: this was a time series study based on Live Births Information System (SINASC) data; relative and absolute inequalities were investigated, adjusted for maternal age and gestational week in which childbirth occurred. Results: we analyzed approximately 48 million births; the proportion of seven or more prenatal consultations increased nationally (from 46.0% to 66.9%) in all groups analyzed; the relative difference between the extremes of education level ranged from 3.0 to 2.0, while the absolute difference ranged from 53.1 to 47.7 percentage points; the adjusted ratio between White/Black race/skin color was 1.4 in 2000 and 1.2 in 2015. Conclusion: the proportion of pregnant women having seven or more prenatal consultations has increased in Brazil, although inequalities are still found.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Escolaridade , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Origem Étnica e Saúde , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudos de Séries Temporais
17.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 34(6): e00100917, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-952402

RESUMO

Resumo: Nos últimos anos, as intoxicações e reações adversas a medicamentos tornaram-se importante causa de hospitalização e mortalidade, constituindo tema de grande relevância para a saúde pública. O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever a tendência de mortalidade e hospitalizações por esses agravos no Brasil, entre os anos de 2000 e 2014. Os dados utilizados foram provenientes dos sistemas SIM (Sistema de Informções sobre Mortalidade) e SIH-SUS (Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do SUS), e a população foi analisada segundo sexo, região de residência e faixa etária. Para definição dos eventos, foram utilizados códigos CID-10. A análise de tendência da série histórica foi realizada por regressão linear generalizada pelo método de Prais-Winsten, com correção do efeito de autocorrelação de primeira ordem. Tanto os óbitos quanto as hospitalizações ocorridas durante o período estudado apresentaram tendência ascendente. Na análise por regiões, as tendências mantiveram-se ascendentes para ambos os eventos nas regiões Sudeste e Sul. A análise por faixa etária mostrou tendências declinantes para menores de cinco anos nos dois eventos, tendência de óbitos ascendente para maiores de quatro anos e tendência de hospitalizações ascendente para a faixa de 20 a 59 anos. As intoxicações e reações adversas a medicamentos apresentam considerável contribuição para a ocorrência de óbitos e hospitalizações no Brasil, e os sistemas de informação SIM e SIH-SUS são fontes de dados de qualidade satisfatória para estudos de base populacional sobre mortalidade e morbidade hospitalar no país.


Abstract: In recent years, drug poisoning and adverse reactions have been an important cause of hospitalization and mortality and a major public health issue. The aim of this study was to describe trends in hospitalizations and deaths from drug poisoning and adverse reactions from 2000 to 2014. Data were from the Mortality Information System (SIM) and Information System on Authorizations for Hospital Admissions of the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SIH-SUS), and the study population was analyzed by sex, region of residence, and age bracket. Events were defined according to ICD-10 codes. The analysis of trends in the historical series used Prais-Winsten generalized linear regression with correction for first order autocorrelation effect. Both the hospitalizations and deaths during the study period showed upward trends. The analysis by regions maintained the upward trends for both events in the South and Southeast regions. Analysis according to age brackets showed downward trends in children under five years in both events, upward trend in deaths in individuals over four years of age, and an upward trend in hospitalizations in the age bracket from 20 to 59 years. Drug poisoning and adverse reactions contribute significantly to hospitalizations and deaths in Brazil, and the SIM and SIH-SUS are data sources with satisfactory quality for population-based studies on hospital morbidity and mortality in the country.


Resumen: Durante los últimos años, las intoxicaciones y reacciones adversas a medicamentos se han convertido en una importante causa de hospitalización y mortalidad, constituyendo un tema de gran relevancia para la salud pública. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir la tendencia de mortalidad y hospitalizaciones por estos riesgos sanitarios en Brasil, entre los años 2000 y 2014. Los datos utilizados provinieron de los sistemas SIM (Sistema de Infomaciones sobre Mortalidad) y SIH-SUS (Sistema de Informaciones Hospilatarias del Sistema Único de Salud), y la población se analizó según sexo, región de residencia y franja de edad. Para la definición de los eventos, se utilizaron códigos CID-10. El análisis de tendencia de la serie histórica se realizó por regresión lineal generalizada, mediante el método de Prais-Winsten, con corrección del efecto de autocorrelación de primer orden. Tanto los óbitos como las hospitalizaciones ocurridas durante el período estudiado presentaron una tendencia ascendente. En el análisis por regiones, las tendencias se mantuvieron ascendentes para ambos eventos en las regiones Sudeste y Sur. El análisis por franja de edad mostró tendencias declinantes para menores de cinco años en los dos eventos, tendencia de óbitos ascendente para mayores de cuatro años y tendencia de hospitalizaciones ascendente para la franja de 20 a 59 años. Las intoxicaciones y reacciones adversas a medicamentos presentan una considerable contribución a la ocurrencia de óbitos y hospitalizaciones en Brasil, y los sistemas de información SIM y SIH-SUS son fuentes de datos de calidad satisfactoria para estudios de base poblacional sobre mortalidad y morbilidad hospitalaria en el país.

18.
Rev Saude Publica ; 51: 104, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29166443

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the sample plan, operational aspects, and strategies used in the 2009/2010 and 2013/2014 EpiFloripa Aging Study. METHODS: The EpiFloripa Aging is a population-based longitudinal study with 1,705 older adults (60 years or more) living in the municipality of Florianópolis, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, in 2009/2010 (baseline). The research was conducted with a face-to-face interviews, organized into blocks of identification, socioeconomic, mental health, health and life habits, global functionality, falls, physical activity, morbidities, use of health services, use of medications, food, oral health, and violence, evaluated in the first (2009/2010) and in the second wave (2013/2014). Additionally, in the second wave, we investigated the issue of discrimination and quality of life. RESULTS: The response rate of the first wave was 89.2% (n = 1,705). The baseline sample, with predominance of women (63.9%), was similar to the 2010 Census regarding age for women and slightly different for younger men. In the second wave, 1,197 participants were interviewed (response rate of 70.3%). Follow-up losses were only observed for the variable age group (p = 0.003), and predominantly for those aged 80 years or more. Mortality data linkage and active search for participants were used as a follow-up strategies. CONCLUSIONS: This study used strategies that were able to help locate the participants and maintain adherence, which ensured a good response rate during investigations.


Assuntos
Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/métodos , Envelhecimento Saudável/psicologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Expectativa de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores Socioeconômicos
19.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 20(2): 335-344, 2017.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28832855

RESUMO

Objective:: To investigate polypharmacy among the elderly living in the urban area of Florianopolis, in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, estimating the prevalence and associated factors. Methods:: This is a cross-sectional population-based study with a sample of 1,705 individuals aged 60 years old or older, between 2009 and 2010. The dependent variable was polypharmacy (defined as "use of five or more medications"). The following exploratory variables were utilized: sociodemographic data, use of health services and self-rated health status. Prevalence ratios (PR) were estimated by multivariate analysis using the Poisson regression. Results:: The mean for the medications used by the elderly population was 3.8 (ranging from 0 to 28). The prevalence of polypharmacy was 32%, with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 29.8 - 34.3. The characteristics presenting a positive association with polypharmacy were: female gender (PR = 1.27; 95%CI 1.03 - 1.57), increasing age (PR = 1.38; 95% CI 1.08 - 1.77), negative self-rated health status (PR = 1.99; 95% CI 1.59 - 2.48) and medical appointments in the 3 months prior to the interview (PR = 1.89; 95% CI 1.53 - 2.32). The groups of medication most utilized by the elderly individuals in polypharmacy were those indicated for the cardiovascular system, digestive tract and metabolism, as well as the nervous system. Conclusion:: The pattern of medication use among this elderly population is within the national average. The prevalence of polypharmacy and the characteristics associated with it were similar to those found in other regions of Brazil.


Assuntos
Polimedicação , Idoso , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 20(2): 335-344, Abr.-Jun. 2017. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-898586

RESUMO

RESUMO: Objetivo: Investigar a polifarmácia em idosos residentes na área urbana de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil, estimando a prevalência e os fatores a ela associados. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo transversal de base populacional em uma amostra de 1.705 idosos, entre 2009 e 2010. A variável dependente foi polifarmácia (definida como "uso de cinco ou mais medicamentos"). Utilizaram-se variáveis sociodemográficas, uso de serviços de saúde e autoavaliação de saúde como exploratórias. Foram estimadas razões de prevalência (RP) por meio de análise multivariada utilizando-se da regressão de Poisson. Resultados: A média do uso de medicamentos por idosos foi de 3,8 (variando entre 0 e 28). A prevalência de polifarmácia foi de 32%, com intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95%) 29,8 - 34,3. As características que apresentaram associação positiva com polifarmácia foram: sexo feminino (RP = 1,27; IC95% 1,03 - 1,57), aumento da idade (RP = 1,38; IC95% 1,08 - 1,77), autoavaliação de saúde negativa (RP = 1,99; IC95% 1,59 - 2,48) e realização de consulta médica nos últimos 3 meses anteriores à entrevista (RP = 1,89; IC95% 1,53 - 2,32). Os grupos de medicamentos mais utilizados pelos idosos na polifarmácia foram os indicados para o sistema cardiovascular, trato alimentar e metabolismo e sistema nervoso. Conclusão: O padrão de uso de medicamentos por idosos está dentro da média nacional. A prevalência de polifarmácia e as características a ela associadas foram semelhantes aos achados em outras regiões do Brasil.


ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate polypharmacy among the elderly living in the urban area of Florianopolis, in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, estimating the prevalence and associated factors. Methods: This is a cross-sectional population-based study with a sample of 1,705 individuals aged 60 years old or older, between 2009 and 2010. The dependent variable was polypharmacy (defined as "use of five or more medications"). The following exploratory variables were utilized: sociodemographic data, use of health services and self-rated health status. Prevalence ratios (PR) were estimated by multivariate analysis using the Poisson regression. Results: The mean for the medications used by the elderly population was 3.8 (ranging from 0 to 28). The prevalence of polypharmacy was 32%, with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 29.8 - 34.3. The characteristics presenting a positive association with polypharmacy were: female gender (PR = 1.27; 95%CI 1.03 - 1.57), increasing age (PR = 1.38; 95% CI 1.08 - 1.77), negative self-rated health status (PR = 1.99; 95% CI 1.59 - 2.48) and medical appointments in the 3 months prior to the interview (PR = 1.89; 95% CI 1.53 - 2.32). The groups of medication most utilized by the elderly individuals in polypharmacy were those indicated for the cardiovascular system, digestive tract and metabolism, as well as the nervous system. Conclusion: The pattern of medication use among this elderly population is within the national average. The prevalence of polypharmacy and the characteristics associated with it were similar to those found in other regions of Brazil.

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