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1.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481447

RESUMO

The review article provides a definition and classification of different nystagmus types, a comparative description of the central and peripheral vestibular nystagmus. The pathogenetic patterns of up-beating and down-beating nystagmus are accurately described. The features of nystagmus formation in various diseases are discussed, such as Wernicke encephalopathy, Arnold-Chiari anomaly, spinocerebellar ataxia and vestibular migraine. The authors provide their own data on oculomotor disorders in 100 patients with vestibular migraine and migraine with a brain stem aura. This article considers approaches to treatment: surgical and conservative. In conclusion, was noted the possibility of differentiating the central and peripheral vestibular nystagmus by means of clinical study. As well, the differences between vertical nystagmus associated with organic lesions of the brain stem or cerebellum and transient nystagmus with vestibular migraine are highlighted. The authors note the need for in-depth studies of nystagmus in vestibular migraine patients and methods of dealing with it.


Assuntos
Malformação de Arnold-Chiari , Transtornos de Enxaqueca , Nistagmo Patológico , Cerebelo , Humanos , Nistagmo Patológico/diagnóstico , Vertigem
2.
Vestn Otorinolaringol ; 86(3): 56-60, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34269025

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the severity of daytime sleepiness and the level of sleep apnea/hypopnea index (AHI), as well as the possibility of their correction, in the long-term period after uvulopalatoplasty (UPP) in patients suffering from obesity and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of the patients, who requested a consultation due to nighttime snoring, witnessed sleep apneas and daytime drowsiness. We included men and women of ages 40 to 65 (24 male, 17 female) without cardiac or lung insufficiency. Group 1 consisted of 19 patients, who underwent UPP 3-5 years prior to current consultation. Group 2 consisted of 22 patients, who underwent UPP 6-12 earlier, despite prior diagnosis of severe OSAS. We performed cardiorespiratory sleep monitoring, additionally patients completed the Epworth scale and sleep quality scale. Patients were re-interviewed 2 months after initiation of CPAP therapy and or intraoral device treatment. RESULTS: Group 1 (n=19) displayed obesity (Body Mass Index 34.2±6.1 kg/m2), severe OSAS (AHI 55.2±18.5), high level of daytime drowsiness (Epworth score 18.7±6.3) and low sleep quality (13.0±6.8 sleep quality score). Group 2 (n=22) displayed reduction in AHI level - significant statistically, but not clinically without changes in daytime drowsiness and sleep quality, which were improved in 29 cases out of 41 with the help of CPAP-therapy (18 cases) or intraoral fixation devices (11 cases). CONCLUSION: UPP does not exert a clinically significant affect the severity of sleep disturbance in patients with obesity and severe OSAS. Night sleep study is essential before making a decision about UPP. Clinical state correction of patients in the long-term period of UPP is possible with the help of CPAP therapy or intraoral fixation devices.


Assuntos
Fissura Palatina , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polissonografia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/diagnóstico , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/cirurgia , Ronco
3.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33899448

RESUMO

Chronic pain syndromes in the neck and shoulder girdle are one of the important clinical problems due to their high prevalence. In addition, it's of great interest to study the mutual influence of the musculoskeletal system pathology, balance organs and dentoalveolar system due to the possible negative impact of these structures on each other which surely affects the treatment timing and its results. OBJECTIVE: To develop a diagnostic algorithm and a comprehensive program for the treatment and rehabilitation of patients with cervicobrachialgia combined with pathological dental occlusion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 90 persons of both genders aged 18 to 55 years consisted of 3 clinical study groups (25 patients) and one control group (15 healthy persons). The clinical groups included 75 patients with chronic myofascial pain syndrome in the neck and shoulder girdle resistant to drug therapy, with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction and/or pathological dental occlusion (PDO). The groups were formed depending on the chosen treatment methods: manual therapy was used in the 1st group; in the 2nd group - dental treatment aimed at correcting PDO; in the 3rd group the manual therapy was used together with the correction of the jaws' occlusal relationship. RESULTS: In the study course the most effective algorithm for the diagnosis and rehabilitation of patients with cervicobrachialgia caused by pathological dental occlusion was determined. Positive clinical results were noted in patients of all three groups; however, in the 3- group where manual therapy and complex dental treatment were carried out the results are not differing significantly from the controls. The study showed that in patients with myofascial pain syndrome at the cervical and shoulder levels caused by TMJ dysfunction and pathological dental occlusion it's advisable to include manual and osteopathic diagnostics in the algorithm. Manual muscle testing, posture tests in combination with 3D X-ray imaging and computerized functional studying the maxillofacial region should be used to identify etiology-pathogenesis links between these conditions. These methods are also applicable for quality control of treatment. CONCLUSION: Thus, as a study result the diagnostic algorithm was developed; it allows to determine the relationship of pharmacoresistant pain syndrome of the cervicobrachial region with dental pathology at high degree of accuracy; and a comprehensive interdisciplinary approach to the therapy and rehabilitation of this combined pathology was proposed.


Assuntos
Oclusão Dentária , Síndromes da Dor Miofascial , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Postura , Adulto Jovem
4.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33728856

RESUMO

The article describes case history and multiphase treatment of the patient with attacks of vertigo, initially regarded as the onset of Meniere's disease, but later qualified as secondary positional attacks with combined musculoskeletal pathology of the craniovertebral region and temporomandibular joint. Medicinal, local and surgical treatment led to the perfect result. Thus, the team work of neurologist, otolaryngologist, maxillofacial surgeon and orthodontist led to the successful elimination of vertigo attacks.


Assuntos
Doença de Meniere , Vertigem , Humanos , Vertigem/diagnóstico , Vertigem/etiologia
5.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32490620

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop an integrated therapy for the combination of pain syndrome and cochleovestibular syndrome (CVS) in patients with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-five patients (42 women and 3 men), aged from 23 to 54 years, with TMJ dysfunction, signs of CVS and complaints of pain in the ear area were stratified into three groups (15 patients each). Patients received pharmacological and osteopathic therapy (group 1); splint therapy followed by orthodontic treatment (group 2) and a combination of the abovementioned methods (group 3). Re-examination was carried out 3 months after completion of treatment. RESULTS: After treatment, complaints of pain, tinnitus, dizziness and nystagmus, the degree of TMJ dysfunction decreased significantly (p<0,05) compared to baseline in groups 1 and 2. In group 3, the most significant and persistent results were obtained, which significantly differed not only from the initial level, but also from the final level of indicators in the first and second groups (p<0,05), including a decrease in the degree of maladaptation associated with vertigo and trait anxiety. CONCLUSIONS: Differential diagnosis of CVS in patients with TMJ dysfunction requires the joint participation of dentist, neurologist and ENT doctor and should be comprehensive, including medical, orthodontic and osteopathic components.


Assuntos
Síndrome da Disfunção da Articulação Temporomandibular , Zumbido , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor , Vertigem , Adulto Jovem
6.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29927409

RESUMO

The article describes a series of seven cases characterized by a change in the type of attack in the perimenopausal period: migraine attacks before menopause and cochleovestibular paroxysms after the onset of menopause. Clinical data and results of diagnostic tests are presented and the possible link of both attack variants with cervical pathology is discussed. The authors explain this dynamics by stem neural integrator dysfunction during hormonal changes.


Assuntos
Doença de Meniere , Transtornos de Enxaqueca , Feminino , Humanos , Menopausa
7.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29652314

RESUMO

Cervical vertigo (CV) hasn't yet been recognized by many neurologists, as it has no specific clinical symptoms and reliable diagnostic criteria. However, over the past 150 years, there has been accumulated numerous experimental and clinical evidence to support the legitimacy of CV allocation as a separate nosology. This review presents data regarding the vertigo associated with neck pathology: possible evidence of CV existence and the description of its type as well. The principles of CV diagnosis and treatment are considered, an attempt to create a unified concept is proposed.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Enxaqueca , Neurologistas , Vertigem , Humanos , Pescoço
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