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1.
Blood ; 2019 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826245

RESUMO

The rare PEL-negative phenotype is one of the last blood groups with an unknown genetic basis. By combining whole-exome sequencing and comparative global proteomic investigations, we found a large deletion in the ABCC4/MRP4 gene encoding an ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter in PEL-negative individuals. The loss of PEL expression on ABCC4-CRISPR-Cas9 K562 cells and its overexpression in ABCC4-transfected cells provided evidence that ABCC4 is the gene underlying the PEL blood group antigen. Although ABCC4 is an important cyclic nucleotide exporter, red blood cells from ABCC4null/PEL-negative individuals exhibited a normal cGMP level, suggesting a compensatory mechanism by other erythroid ABC transporters. Interestingly, PEL-negative individuals showed an impaired platelet aggregation, confirming a role for ABCC4 in platelet function. Finally, we showed that loss-of-function mutations in the ABCC4 gene, associated with leukemia outcome, altered the expression of the PEL antigen. Besides ABCC4 genotyping, PEL phenotyping could open a new way toward drug dose adjustment for leukemia treatment.

3.
J Clin Invest ; 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31613795

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDProteinuria is considered an unfavorable clinical condition that accelerates renal and cardiovascular disease. However, it is not clear whether all forms of proteinuria are damaging. Mutations in CUBN cause Imerslund-Gräsbeck syndrome (IGS), which is characterized by intestinal malabsorption of vitamin B12 and in some cases proteinuria. CUBN encodes for cubilin, an intestinal and proximal tubular uptake receptor containing 27 CUB domains for ligand binding.METHODSWe used next-generation sequencing for renal disease genes to genotype cohorts of patients with suspected hereditary renal disease and chronic proteinuria. CUBN variants were analyzed using bioinformatics, structural modeling, and epidemiological methods.RESULTSWe identified 39 patients, in whom biallelic pathogenic variants in the CUBN gene were associated with chronic isolated proteinuria and early childhood onset. Since the proteinuria in these patients had a high proportion of albuminuria, glomerular diseases such as steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome or Alport syndrome were often the primary clinical diagnosis, motivating renal biopsies and the use of proteinuria-lowering treatments. However, renal function was normal in all cases. By contrast, we did not found any biallelic CUBN variants in proteinuric patients with reduced renal function or focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Unlike the more N-terminal IGS mutations, 37 of the 41 proteinuria-associated CUBN variants led to modifications or truncations after the vitamin B12-binding domain. Finally, we show that 4 C-terminal CUBN variants are associated with albuminuria and slightly increased GFR in meta-analyses of large population-based cohorts.CONCLUSIONSCollectively, our data suggest an important role for the C-terminal half of cubilin in renal albumin reabsorption. Albuminuria due to reduced cubilin function could be an unexpectedly common benign condition in humans that may not require any proteinuria-lowering treatment or renal biopsy.FUNDINGATIP-Avenir program, Fondation Bettencourt-Schueller (Liliane Bettencourt Chair of Developmental Biology), Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR) Investissements d'avenir program (ANR-10-IAHU-01) and NEPHROFLY (ANR-14-ACHN-0013, to MS), Steno Collaborative Grant 2018 (NNF18OC0052457, to TSA and MS), Heisenberg Professorship of the German Research Foundation (KO 3598/5-1, to AK), Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) Collaborative Research Centre (SFB) KIDGEM 1140 (project 246781735, to CB), and Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMB) (01GM1515C, to CB).

4.
Nutrients ; 11(9)2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491982

RESUMO

Gut microbiota can influence the feeding behavior of the host, but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Recently, caseinolytic protease B (ClpB), a disaggregation chaperon protein of Escherichia coli, was identified as a conformational mimetic of α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH), an anorexigenic neuropeptide. Importantly, ClpB was necessary for E. coli to have an anorexigenic effect in mice, suggesting that it may participate in satiety signaling. To explore this further, we determined the short-term (2 h) effects of three macronutrients: protein (bovine serum albumin), carbohydrate (D-fructose) and fat (oleic acid), on the production of ClpB by E. coli and analyzed whether ClpB can stimulate the secretion of the intestinal satiety hormone, peptide YY (PYY). Isocaloric amounts of all three macronutrients added to a continuous culture of E. coli increased ClpB immunoreactivity. However, to increase the levels of ClpB mRNA and ClpB protein in bacteria and supernatants, supplementation with protein was required. A nanomolar concentration of recombinant E. coli ClpB dose-dependently stimulated PYY secretion from the primary cell cultures of rat intestinal mucosa. Total proteins extracted from E. coli but not from ClpB-deficient E. coli strains also tended to increase PYY secretion. These data support a possible link between E. coli ClpB and protein-induced satiety signaling in the gut.

5.
EMBO Mol Med ; 11(7): e10201, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31273937

RESUMO

PARN, poly(A)-specific ribonuclease, regulates the turnover of mRNAs and the maturation and stabilization of the hTR RNA component of telomerase. Biallelic PARN mutations were associated with Høyeraal-Hreidarsson (HH) syndrome, a rare telomere biology disorder that, because of its severity, is likely not exclusively due to hTR down-regulation. Whether PARN deficiency was affecting the expression of telomere-related genes was still unclear. Using cells from two unrelated HH individuals carrying novel PARN mutations and a human PARN knock-out (KO) cell line with inducible PARN complementation, we found that PARN deficiency affects both telomere length and stability and down-regulates the expression of TRF1, TRF2, TPP1, RAP1, and POT1 shelterin transcripts. Down-regulation of dyskerin-encoding DKC1 mRNA was also observed and found to result from p53 activation in PARN-deficient cells. We further showed that PARN deficiency compromises ribosomal RNA biogenesis in patients' fibroblasts and cells from heterozygous Parn KO mice. Homozygous Parn KO however resulted in early embryonic lethality that was not overcome by p53 KO. Our results refine our knowledge on the pleiotropic cellular consequences of PARN deficiency.

6.
Blood ; 134(3): 277-290, 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31151987

RESUMO

Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) is a recessive disorder typified by bone marrow failure and predisposition to hematological malignancies. SDS is predominantly caused by deficiency of the allosteric regulator Shwachman-Bodian-Diamond syndrome that cooperates with elongation factor-like GTPase 1 (EFL1) to catalyze release of the ribosome antiassociation factor eIF6 and activate translation. Here, we report biallelic mutations in EFL1 in 3 unrelated individuals with clinical features of SDS. Cellular defects in these individuals include impaired ribosomal subunit joining and attenuated global protein translation as a consequence of defective eIF6 eviction. In mice, Efl1 deficiency recapitulates key aspects of the SDS phenotype. By identifying biallelic EFL1 mutations in SDS, we define this leukemia predisposition disorder as a ribosomopathy that is caused by corruption of a fundamental, conserved mechanism, which licenses entry of the large ribosomal subunit into translation.

8.
Am J Med Genet A ; 179(7): 1304-1309, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31004414

RESUMO

The spectrum of clinical consequences of variants in the Platelet derived growth factor receptor beta (PDGFRB) gene is wide. Missense variants leading to variable loss of signal transduction in vitro have been reported in the idiopathic basal ganglia calcification (IBGC) syndrome Type 4. In contrast, gain-of-function variants have been reported in infantile myofibromatosis, Penttinen syndrome, and Kosaki overgrowth syndrome. Here, we report a patient harboring a novel postzygotic variant in PDGFRB (c.1682_1684del, p.[Arg561_Tyr562delinsHis]) and presenting severe cerebral malformations, intracerebral calcifications, and infantile myofibromatosis. This observation expands the phenotype associated with PDGFRB variants and illustrates the wide clinical spectrum linked to dysregulation of PDGFRB.

9.
Transl Psychiatry ; 9(1): 87, 2019 02 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30755592

RESUMO

Melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) plays a key role in regulation of appetite activated by its main ligand α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) in both central and peripheral targets. α-MSH also binds to circulating immunoglobulins (Igs) but the functional significance of such immune complexes (ICs) in MC4R signaling in normal and pathological conditions of altered appetite has remained unknown. To address this question, we analyzed plasma levels, affinity kinetics, and binding epitopes of α-MSH-reactive IgG extracted from plasma samples of female patients with hyperphagic obesity, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge-eating disorder, and healthy controls. Ability of α-MSH/IgG IC to bind and activate human MC4R were studied in vitro and to influence feeding behavior in vivo in rodents. We found that α-MSH-reactive IgG were low in obese but increased in anorectic and bulimic patients and displayed different epitope and kinetics of IC formation. Importantly, while α-MSH/IgG IC from all subjects were binding and activating MC4R, the receptor binding affinity was decreased in obesity. Additionally, α-MSH/IgG IC had lower MC4R-mediated cAMP activation threshold as compared with α-MSH alone in all but not obese subjects. Furthermore, the cellular internalization rate of α-MSH/IgG IC by MC4R-expressing cells was decreased in obese but increased in patients with anorexia nervosa. Moreover, IgG from obese patients prevented central anorexigenic effect of α-MSH. These findings reveal that MC4R is physiologically activated by IC formed by α-MSH/IgG and that different levels and molecular properties of α-MSH-reactive IgG underlie biological activity of such IC relevant to altered appetite in obesity and eating disorders.

10.
J Invest Dermatol ; 139(2): 380-390, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30321533

RESUMO

Investigation of genetic determinants of Mendelian skin disorders has substantially advanced understanding of epidermal biology. Here we show that mutations in PERP, encoding a crucial component of desmosomes, cause both dominant and recessive human keratoderma. Heterozygosity for a C-terminal truncation, which produces a protein that appears to be unstably incorporated into desmosomes, causes Olmsted syndrome with severe periorificial and palmoplantar keratoderma in multiple unrelated kindreds. Homozygosity for an N-terminal truncation ablates expression and causes widespread erythrokeratoderma, with expansion of epidermal differentiation markers. Both exhibit epidermal hyperproliferation, immature desmosomes lacking a dense midline observed via electron microscopy, and impaired intercellular adhesion upon mechanical stress. Localization of other desmosomal components appears normal, which is in contrast to other conditions caused by mutations in genes encoding desmosomal proteins. These discoveries highlight the essential role of PERP in human desmosomes and epidermal homeostasis and further expand the heterogeneous spectrum of inherited keratinization disorders.

11.
Nat Genet ; 51(1): 196, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30429576

RESUMO

In the version of this article originally published, the main-text sentence "In three patients of European ancestry, we identified the germline variant encoding p.Ile97Met in TIM-3, which was homozygous in two (P12 and P13) and heterozygous in one (P15) in the germline but with no TIM-3 plasma membrane expression in the tumor" misstated the identifiers of the two homozygous individuals, which should have been P13 and P14. The error has been corrected in the HTML, PDF and print versions of the paper.

12.
EMBO Mol Med ; 10(12)2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30446499

RESUMO

The genetic causes of congenital hypothyroidism due to thyroid dysgenesis (TD) remain largely unknown. We identified three novel TUBB1 gene mutations that co-segregated with TD in three distinct families leading to 1.1% of TUBB1 mutations in TD study cohort. TUBB1 (Tubulin, Beta 1 Class VI) encodes for a member of the ß-tubulin protein family. TUBB1 gene is expressed in the developing and adult thyroid in humans and mice. All three TUBB1 mutations lead to non-functional α/ß-tubulin dimers that cannot be incorporated into microtubules. In mice, Tubb1 knock-out disrupted microtubule integrity by preventing ß1-tubulin incorporation and impaired thyroid migration and thyroid hormone secretion. In addition, TUBB1 mutations caused the formation of macroplatelets and hyperaggregation of human platelets after stimulation by low doses of agonists. Our data highlight unexpected roles for ß1-tubulin in thyroid development and in platelet physiology. Finally, these findings expand the spectrum of the rare paediatric diseases related to mutations in tubulin-coding genes and provide new insights into the genetic background and mechanisms involved in congenital hypothyroidism and thyroid dysgenesis.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/citologia , Plaquetas/patologia , Mutação , Agregação Plaquetária , Disgenesia da Tireoide/genética , Tubulina (Proteína)/genética , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Disgenesia da Tireoide/patologia
14.
Nat Genet ; 50(12): 1650-1657, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30374066

RESUMO

Subcutaneous panniculitis-like T cell lymphoma (SPTCL), a non-Hodgkin lymphoma, can be associated with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), a life-threatening immune activation that adversely affects survival1,2. T cell immunoglobulin mucin 3 (TIM-3) is a modulator of immune responses expressed on subgroups of T and innate immune cells. We identify in ~60% of SPTCL cases germline, loss-of-function, missense variants altering highly conserved residues of TIM-3, c.245A>G (p.Tyr82Cys) and c.291A>G (p.Ile97Met), each with specific geographic distribution. The variant encoding p.Tyr82Cys TIM-3 occurs on a potential founder chromosome in patients with East Asian and Polynesian ancestry, while p.Ile97Met TIM-3 occurs in patients with European ancestry. Both variants induce protein misfolding and abrogate TIM-3's plasma membrane expression, leading to persistent immune activation and increased production of inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1ß, promoting HLH and SPTCL. Our findings highlight HLH-SPTCL as a new genetic entity and identify mutations causing TIM-3 alterations as a causative genetic defect in SPTCL. While HLH-SPTCL patients with mutant TIM-3 benefit from immunomodulation, therapeutic repression of the TIM-3 checkpoint may have adverse consequences.


Assuntos
Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Receptor Celular 2 do Vírus da Hepatite A/genética , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/genética , Linfoma de Células T/genética , Paniculite/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Lactente , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/classificação , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células T/classificação , Linfoma de Células T/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paniculite/classificação , Paniculite/diagnóstico , Linhagem , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Clin Immunol ; 38(5): 617-627, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29995221

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Inborn errors of IFN-γ immunity underlie Mendelian susceptibility to mycobacterial disease (MSMD). Autosomal recessive complete IL-12Rß1 deficiency is the most frequent genetic etiology of MSMD. Only two of the 84 known mutations are copy number variations (CNVs), identified in two of the 213 IL-12Rß1-deficient patients and two of the 164 kindreds reported. These two CNVs are large deletions found in the heterozygous or homozygous state. We searched for novel families with IL-12Rß1 deficiency due to CNVs. METHODS: We studied six MSMD patients from five unrelated kindreds displaying adverse reactions to BCG vaccination. Three of the patients also presented systemic salmonellosis, two had mucocutaneous candidiasis, and one had disseminated histoplasmosis. We searched for CNVs and other variations by IL12RB1-targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS). RESULTS: We identified six new IL-12Rß1-deficient patients with a complete loss of IL-12Rß1 expression on phytohemagglutinin-activated T cells and/or EBV-transformed B cells. The cells of these patients did not respond to IL-12 and IL-23. Five different CNVs encompassing IL12RB1 (four deletions and one duplication) were identified in these patients by NGS coverage analysis, either in the homozygous state (n = 1) or in trans (n = 4) with a single-nucleotide variation (n = 3) or a small indel (n = 1). Seven of the nine mutations are novel. Interestingly, four of the five CNVs were predicted to be driven by nearby Alu elements, as well as the two previously reported large deletions. The IL12RB1 locus is actually enriched in Alu elements (44.7%), when compared with the rest of the genome (10.5%). CONCLUSION: The IL12RB1 locus is Alu-enriched and therefore prone to rearrangements at various positions. CNVs should be considered in the genetic diagnosis of IL-12Rß1 deficiency.


Assuntos
Elementos Alu , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Subunidade beta 1 de Receptor de Interleucina-12/deficiência , Alelos , Sequência de Bases , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Interferon gama , Masculino , Mutação , Infecções por Mycobacterium/diagnóstico , Infecções por Mycobacterium/etiologia , Infecções por Mycobacterium/metabolismo , Linhagem , Fenótipo
16.
Brain ; 141(7): 1998-2013, 2018 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29878067

RESUMO

Cerebellar atrophy is a key neuroradiological finding usually associated with cerebellar ataxia and cognitive development defect in children. Unlike the adult forms, early onset cerebellar atrophies are classically described as mostly autosomal recessive conditions and the exact contribution of de novo mutations to this phenotype has not been assessed. In contrast, recent studies pinpoint the high prevalence of pathogenic de novo mutations in other developmental disorders such as intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorders and epilepsy. Here, we investigated a cohort of 47 patients with early onset cerebellar atrophy and/or hypoplasia using a custom gene panel as well as whole exome sequencing. De novo mutations were identified in 35% of patients while 27% had mutations inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. Understanding if these de novo events act through a loss or a gain of function effect is critical for treatment considerations. To gain a better insight into the disease mechanisms causing these cerebellar defects, we focused on CACNA1G, a gene not yet associated with the early-onset form. This gene encodes the Cav3.1 subunit of T-type calcium channels highly expressed in Purkinje neurons and deep cerebellar nuclei. We identified four patients with de novo CACNA1G mutations. They all display severe motor and cognitive impairment, cerebellar atrophy as well as variable features such as facial dysmorphisms, digital anomalies, microcephaly and epilepsy. Three subjects share a recurrent c.2881G>A/p.Ala961Thr variant while the fourth patient has the c.4591A>G/p.Met1531Val variant. Both mutations drastically impaired channel inactivation properties with significantly slower kinetics (∼5 times) and negatively shifted potential for half-inactivation (>10 mV). In addition, these two mutations increase neuronal firing in a cerebellar nuclear neuron model and promote a larger window current fully inhibited by TTA-P2, a selective T-type channel blocker. This study highlights the prevalence of de novo mutations in early-onset cerebellar atrophy and demonstrates that A961T and M1531V are gain of function mutations. Moreover, it reveals that aberrant activity of Cav3.1 channels can markedly alter brain development and suggests that this condition could be amenable to treatment.


Assuntos
Canais de Cálcio Tipo T/genética , Ataxia Cerebelar/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Atrofia/patologia , Encéfalo/patologia , Cálcio/metabolismo , Canais de Cálcio/genética , Canais de Cálcio Tipo T/metabolismo , Ataxia Cerebelar/fisiopatologia , Doenças Cerebelares/complicações , Cerebelo/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/genética , Feminino , Mutação com Ganho de Função/genética , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Masculino , Microcefalia/genética , Mutação , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Células de Purkinje/patologia
17.
Mol Autism ; 9: 38, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29951184

RESUMO

Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. miRNAs have emerged as important modulators of brain development and neuronal function and are implicated in several neurological diseases. Previous studies found miR-146a upregulation is the most common miRNA deregulation event in neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD), epilepsy, and intellectual disability (ID). Yet, how miR-146a upregulation affects the developing fetal brain remains unclear. Methods: We analyzed the expression of miR-146a in the temporal lobe of ASD children using Taqman assay. To assess the role of miR-146a in early brain development, we generated and characterized stably induced H9 human neural stem cell (H9 hNSC) overexpressing miR-146a using various cell and molecular biology techniques. Results: We first showed that miR-146a upregulation occurs early during childhood in the ASD brain. In H9 hNSC, miR-146a overexpression enhances neurite outgrowth and branching and favors differentiation into neuronal like cells. Expression analyses revealed that 10% of the transcriptome was deregulated and organized into two modules critical for cell cycle control and neuronal differentiation. Twenty known or predicted targets of miR-146a were significantly deregulated in the modules, acting as potential drivers. The two modules also display distinct transcription profiles during human brain development, affecting regions relevant for ASD including the neocortex, amygdala, and hippocampus. Cell type analyses indicate markers for pyramidal, and interneurons are highly enriched in the deregulated gene list. Up to 40% of known markers of newly defined neuronal lineages were deregulated, suggesting that miR-146a could participate also in the acquisition of neuronal identities. Conclusion: Our results demonstrate the dynamic roles of miR-146a in early neuronal development and provide new insight into the molecular events that link miR-146a overexpression to impaired neurodevelopment. This, in turn, may yield new therapeutic targets and strategies.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Células-Tronco Neurais/metabolismo , Neurogênese , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem da Célula , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neurais/citologia , Lobo Temporal/citologia , Lobo Temporal/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima
18.
Nature ; 558(7711): 540-546, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29899452

RESUMO

CLOVES syndrome (congenital lipomatous overgrowth, vascular malformations, epidermal naevi, scoliosis/skeletal and spinal syndrome) is a genetic disorder that results from somatic, mosaic gain-of-function mutations of the PIK3CA gene, and belongs to the spectrum of PIK3CA-related overgrowth syndromes (PROS). This rare condition has no specific treatment and a poor survival rate. Here, we describe a postnatal mouse model of PROS/CLOVES that partially recapitulates the human disease, and demonstrate the efficacy of BYL719, an inhibitor of PIK3CA, in preventing and improving organ dysfunction. On the basis of these results, we used BYL719 to treat nineteen patients with PROS. The drug improved the disease symptoms in all patients. Previously intractable vascular tumours became smaller, congestive heart failure was improved, hemihypertrophy was reduced, and scoliosis was attenuated. The treatment was not associated with any substantial side effects. In conclusion, this study provides the first direct evidence supporting PIK3CA inhibition as a promising therapeutic strategy in patients with PROS.


Assuntos
Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Lipoma/tratamento farmacológico , Lipoma/enzimologia , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Anormalidades Musculoesqueléticas/tratamento farmacológico , Anormalidades Musculoesqueléticas/enzimologia , Nevo/tratamento farmacológico , Nevo/enzimologia , Tiazóis/uso terapêutico , Malformações Vasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Malformações Vasculares/enzimologia , Adulto , Animais , Criança , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Células HeLa , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Fenótipo , Escoliose/complicações , Escoliose/tratamento farmacológico , Sirolimo/uso terapêutico , Síndrome , Neoplasias Vasculares/complicações , Neoplasias Vasculares/tratamento farmacológico
19.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 7233, 2018 05 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29740148

RESUMO

Restrictive anorexia nervosa is associated with reduced eating and severe body weight loss leading to a cachectic state. Hypothalamus plays a major role in the regulation of food intake and energy homeostasis. In the present study, alterations of hypothalamic proteome and particularly of proteins involved in energy and mitochondrial metabolism have been observed in female activity-based anorexia (ABA) mice that exhibited a reduced food intake and a severe weight loss. In the hypothalamus, mitochondrial dynamic was also modified during ABA with an increase of fission without modification of fusion. In addition, increased dynamin-1, and LC3II/LC3I ratio signed an activation of autophagy while protein synthesis was increased. In conclusion, proteomic analysis revealed an adaptive hypothalamic protein response in ABA female mice with both altered mitochondrial response and activated autophagy.


Assuntos
Anorexia Nervosa/genética , Dinamina I/genética , Hipotálamo/metabolismo , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Dinâmica Mitocondrial/genética , Proteoma/genética , Aconitato Hidratase/genética , Aconitato Hidratase/metabolismo , Animais , Anorexia , Anorexia Nervosa/metabolismo , Anorexia Nervosa/fisiopatologia , Autofagia/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Dinamina I/metabolismo , Ingestão de Alimentos/genética , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Hipotálamo/fisiopatologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Condicionamento Físico Animal , Biossíntese de Proteínas , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Proteoma/metabolismo , Receptores de Enterotoxina/genética , Receptores de Enterotoxina/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Perda de Peso/genética
20.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 12(4): e0006429, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29708969

RESUMO

Buruli ulcer (BU), the third most frequent mycobacteriosis worldwide, is a neglected tropical disease caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans. We report the clinical description and extensive genetic analysis of a consanguineous family from Benin comprising two cases of unusually severe non-ulcerative BU. The index case was the most severe of over 2,000 BU cases treated at the Centre de Dépistage et de Traitement de la Lèpre et de l'Ulcère de Buruli, Pobe, Benin, since its opening in 2003. The infection spread to all limbs with PCR-confirmed skin, bone and joint infections. Genome-wide linkage analysis of seven family members was performed and whole-exome sequencing of both patients was obtained. A 37 kilobases homozygous deletion confirmed by targeted resequencing and located within a linkage region on chromosome 8 was identified in both patients but was absent from unaffected siblings. We further assessed the presence of this deletion on genotyping data from 803 independent local individuals (402 BU cases and 401 BU-free controls). Two BU cases were predicted to be homozygous carriers while none was identified in the control group. The deleted region is located close to a cluster of beta-defensin coding genes and contains a long non-coding (linc) RNA gene previously shown to display highest expression values in the skin. This first report of a microdeletion co-segregating with severe BU in a large family supports the view of a key role of human genetics in the natural history of the disease.


Assuntos
Úlcera de Buruli/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Mycobacterium ulcerans/fisiologia , Adolescente , Benin , Úlcera de Buruli/microbiologia , Pré-Escolar , Consanguinidade , Feminino , Ligação Genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Deleção de Sequência , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
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