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1.
Eur Heart J ; 40(31): 2595-2604, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397487

RESUMO

AIMS : To evaluate the impact of an experimental strategy [23-month ticagrelor monotherapy following 1-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT)] vs. a reference regimen (12-month aspirin monotherapy following 12-month DAPT) after complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS AND RESULTS: In the present post hoc analysis of the Global Leaders trial, the primary endpoint [composite of all-cause death or new Q-wave myocardial infarction (MI)] at 2 years was assessed in patients with complex PCI, which includes at least one of the following characteristics: multivessel PCI, ≥3 stents implanted, ≥3 lesions treated, bifurcation PCI with ≥2 stents, or total stent length >60 mm. In addition, patient-oriented composite endpoint (POCE) (composite of all-cause death, any stroke, any MI, or any revascularization) and net adverse clinical events (NACE) [composite of POCE or Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) Type 3 or 5 bleeding] were explored. Among 15 450 patients included in this analysis, 4570 who underwent complex PCI had a higher risk of ischaemic and bleeding events. In patients with complex PCI, the experimental strategy significantly reduced risks of the primary endpoint [hazard ratio (HR): 0.64, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.48-0.85] and POCE (HR: 0.80, 95% CI: 0.69-0.93), but not in those with non-complex PCI (Pinteraction = 0.015 and 0.017, respectively). The risk of BARC Type 3 or 5 bleeding was comparable (HR: 0.97, 95% CI: 0.67-1.40), resulting in a significant risk reduction in NACE (HR: 0.80, 95% CI: 0.69-0.92; Pinteraction = 0.011). CONCLUSION : Ticagrelor monotherapy following 1-month DAPT could provide a net clinical benefit for patients with complex PCI. However, in view of the overall neutral results of the trial, these findings of a post hoc analysis should be considered as hypothesis generating.

2.
Heart Fail Rev ; 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31332663

RESUMO

Heart failure is a complex clinical syndrome and represents the final path of numerous heart diseases. Coronary artery disease is recognized as the primary risk factor for heart failure development, being the main etiological factor in more than 50% of heart failure patients in North America and Europe. Regardless of overt coronary artery disease, myocardial ischemia is a common finding in failing hearts, likely due to structural or functional coronary circulation alterations. Ischemia is a self-propagating process which irreversibly impairs the cardiac function and negatively impacts prognosis. Thus, a better and thorough understanding of myocardial ischemia pathophysiology in heart failure would likely lead to significantly improved outcomes in these patients. This review aims to describe the mechanisms of myocardial ischemia and coronary artery disease in heart failure, focusing on coronary circulation dysfunctions due to increased parietal stress or non-obstructive coronary disease, and discussing the association and management of coronary artery disease in patients with heart failure.

3.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(2): 205-215, 2019 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31296293

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Drug-eluting technologies improve 12-month angiographic results of femoropopliteal (FP) interventions, but few data on the comparison between drug-coated balloons (DCBs) and drug-eluting stents (DES) are available. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare, after balloon pre-dilation, a strategy of DCB followed by provisional self-expanding nitinol bare-metal stent implantation with a strategy of systematic DES implantation in patients at high risk for FP restenosis. METHODS: Patients presenting with either intermittent claudication or critical limb ischemia undergoing FP intervention were randomly assigned 1:1 to DCB or DES after successful target lesion pre-dilation. The primary endpoint was 12-month target lesion binary restenosis, assessed using Doppler ultrasound. Secondary endpoints were freedom from target lesion revascularization and from major amputation. RESULTS: A total of 192 patients, 96 in the DCB group and 96 in the DES group, with 240 lesions in 225 limbs, were included. Diabetes and critical limb ischemia were present in >50% in both groups. Mean lesion length was 14 cm, and baseline target lesion occlusion reached about 60% of cases in both groups. The systematic DES strategy yielded larger post-procedural minimal luminal diameter and a lower incidence of residual dissection compared to DCB, in which nitinol stents were used in only 21% of the lesions. Twelve-month target lesion restenosis was observed in 22% of DCB-treated versus 21% of DES-treated patients (p = 0.90). Clinically driven target lesion revascularization was necessary in 14% of DCB patients versus 17% of DES patients (p = 0.50). CONCLUSIONS: DCB was not superior to DES in the treatment of complex FP lesions in a high-risk population, yielding similar rate of restenosis and clinically driven target lesion revascularization. (Paclitaxel-Eluting Balloon Angioplasty With Provisional Use of Nitinol Stent Versus Systematic Implantation of Paclitaxel-Eluting Stent for the Treatment of Femoropopliteal De Novo Lesions; NCT01969630).

4.
EuroIntervention ; 15(6): e539-e546, 2019 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31217143

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was the external validation of the updated logistic clinical SYNTAX score for two-year all-cause mortality after PCI in the GLOBAL LEADERS trial. METHODS AND RESULTS: The GLOBAL LEADERS trial was an investigator-initiated, prospective randomised, multicentre, open-label trial comparing two strategies of antiplatelet therapy in 15,991 patients undergoing PCI. As a predefined analysis, we studied the first 4,006 consecutive patients enrolled between July 2013 and April 2014 for whom the anatomic SYNTAX scores were calculated by an independent core lab. The updated logistic clinical SYNTAX score was available in 3,271 patients. Patients were divided into quintiles according to the score. The C-statistic of the updated logistic clinical SYNTAX score for two-year all-cause mortality was 0.71 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.64-0.77). The updated logistic clinical SYNTAX score identified patients at very high risk for two-year all-cause mortality after PCI. Although it systematically overestimated two-year all-cause mortality, predicted and observed two-year all-cause mortality in the majority of the patients (four out of five quintiles) were in agreement. CONCLUSIONS: Overall discrimination for two-year all-cause mortality of the updated logistic clinical SYNTAX score is either borderline acceptable or possibly helpful. Calibration in the majority of patients is appropriate. The score is potentially useful in selecting enriched high-risk populations.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
G Ital Cardiol (Rome) ; 20(5): 258-264, 2019 May.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31066368

RESUMO

Similarly to what happened for myocardial infarction treatment during the two previous decades, ischemic stroke therapy has radically changed in recent years after the encouraging clinical results on the use of mechanical revascularization systems. The ever-increasing use of thrombectomy, which is now the first-choice approach for achieving rapid reperfusion of the ischemic brain, inaugurates a new era in the treatment of ischemic stroke, with important social and healthcare implications and the need for effective integrated stroke networks on a regional basis.Given the high annual rates of stroke and that approximately 35% of strokes are caused by the thrombotic occlusion of a large cerebral vessel, with a treatment window reaching up to 24 h after onset in selected cases, the resources of interventional neuroradiology are not enough to meet treatment needs in terms of performing centers and number of operators. The possibility of using centers already active for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction has therefore been taken into consideration. This article presents objective data to support the validity of this strategy and discusses how to create treatment networks using the interventional skills of cardiologists with the implementation of multidisciplinary functional structures.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31067010

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to analyze the impact of the preprocedural thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow on clinical outcome in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that the TIMI flow 0/1 prior to primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with a poor clinical outcome. However, it is unclear whether the same is true in patients with ongoing STEMI of less than 6 hr duration, rapid reperfusion, and modern guideline-adherent therapy. METHODS: The ATLANTIC study compared prehospital versus inhospital treatment with ticagrelor in patients with acute STEMI. For this analysis, patients were divided into three groups according to the preprocedural TIMI flow grade of the infarct vessel: TIMI 0/1, TIMI 2, and TIMI 3. RESULTS: From a total of 1,680 patients, 1,113 had TIMI 0/1, 279 TIMI 2, and 288 TIMI 3 flow before primary PCI. At 30 days, the composite ischemic endpoint (5.5, 2.9, and 2.1%, p < .05) and all-cause death (3.0, 1.4, and 2.1%, p = .30) were highest in patients with TIMI flow 0/1. After adjustment, preprocedural TIMI flow <3 (versus 3) was not an independent predictor of major adverse ischemic events within 30 days (odds ratio 1.89, 95% confidence interval 0.74-4.85). However, definite stent thrombosis occurred only in patients with initial TIMI flow 0/1 (1.0%). Among these patients, those with prehospital administration of ticagrelor were less often affected (0.3% vs. 1.3%, p < .05). CONCLUSION: In this post-hoc analysis, preprocedural TIMI flow was not independently associated with a higher rate of adverse ischemic events.

10.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 73(8): 906-914, 2019 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30819358

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the ACCOAST (A Comparison of Prasugrel at PCI or Time of Diagnosis of Non-ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction) trial, the prasugrel pre-treatment strategy versus placebo was associated with excess bleeding complications and no improved ischemic outcome in non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (MI). Whether patients with the longest pre-treatment duration had an ischemic benefit is unknown. OBJECTIVES: This pre-specified analysis of the ACCOAST trial aimed to assess the effect of pre-treatment duration with prasugrel (time from randomization to angiography) on outcomes. METHODS: Within the 4,033 patients randomized in the ACCOAST trial, pre-treatment duration was available in 4,001 patients (99.2%). The population of the trial was divided into quartiles of pre-treatment duration (0.1 to 2.5 h, 2.5 to 3.9 h, 3.9 to 13.6 h, and >13.6 h) with an evaluation of the primary efficacy endpoint of cardiovascular death, MI, stroke, urgent revascularization or glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor bailout use. Secondary efficacy outcomes including cardiovascular death, MI, or stroke; all-cause death; stent thrombosis and safety outcomes (all coronary artery bypass graft [CABG] or non-CABG TIMI [Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction] major bleeding) were also evaluated at 7 days. RESULTS: The primary efficacy outcome of cardiovascular death, MI, stroke, urgent revascularization or glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor bailout use did not differ between the quartiles of pre-treatment duration in the trial population (p = 0.17 for interaction). None of the secondary efficacy outcomes were found to be dependent on pre-treatment duration. The safety outcome of all CABG or non-CABG TIMI major bleeding did not differ between the quartiles of pre-treatment duration (p = 0.37 for interaction). CONCLUSIONS: In non-ST-segment elevation MI patients, the excess risk of bleeding and the absence of ischemic benefit were consistent across the quartiles of increasing duration of prasugrel pre-treatment. (A Comparison of Prasugrel at PCI or Time of Diagnosis of Non-ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction [ACCOAST]; NCT01015287).

11.
BMJ Open ; 9(3): e026053, 2019 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30852547

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The GLOBAL LEADERS is an open-label, pragmatic and superiority randomised controlled trial designed to challenge the current treatment paradigm of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) for 12 months followed by aspirin monotherapy among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. By design, all study endpoints are investigator reported (IR) and not subject to formal adjudication by an independent Clinical Event Committee (CEC), which may introduce detection, reporting or ascertainment bias. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We designed the GLOBAL LEADERS Adjudication Sub-StudY (GLASSY) to prospectively implement, in a large sample of patients enrolled within the GLOBAL LEADERS trial (7585 of 15 991, 47.5%), an independent adjudication process of reported and unreported potential endpoints, using standardised CEC procedures, in order to assess whether 23-month ticagrelor monotherapy (90 mg twice daily) after 1-month DAPT is non-inferior to a standard regimen of DAPT for 12 months followed by aspirin monotherapy for the primary efficacy endpoint of death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, non-fatal stroke or urgent target vessel revascularisation and superior for the primary safety endpoint of type 3 or 5 bleeding according to the Bleeding Academic Research Consortium criteria.This study will comprehensively assess the comparative safety and efficacy of the two tested antithrombotic strategies on CEC-adjudicated ischaemic and bleeding endpoints and will provide insights into the role of a standardised CEC adjudication process on the interpretation of study findings by quantifying the level of concordance between IR-reported and CEC-adjudicated events. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: GLASSY has been approved by local ethics committee of all study sites and/or by the central ethics committee for the country depending on country-specific regulations. In all cases, they deemed that it was not necessary to obtain further informed consent from individual subjects. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01813435.

12.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(2): e010956, 2019 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30636561

RESUMO

Background Elderly patients have high ischemic and bleeding rates after acute coronary syndrome; however, the occurrence of these complications over time has never been studied. This study sought to characterize average daily ischemic rates ( ADIRs ) and average daily bleeding rates ( ADBRs ) over 1 year in patients aged >74 years with acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention who were randomized in the Elderly ACS 2 trial, comparing low-dose prasugrel (5 mg daily) with clopidogrel (75 mg daily). Methods and Results ADIRs and ADBRs were calculated as the total number of events, including recurrent events, divided by the number of patient-days of follow-up and assessed within different clinical phases: acute (0-3 days), subacute (4-30 days), and late (31-365 days). Generalized estimating equations were used to test the least squares mean differences for the pairwise comparisons of ADIRs and ADBRs and the pairwise comparison of clopidogrel versus prasugrel effects. Globally, ADIRs were 2.6 times (95% CI, 2.4-2.9) higher than ADBRs . ADIRs were significantly higher in the clopidogrel arm than in the low-dose prasugrel arm in the subacute phase ( Padj<0.001) without a difference in ADBRs ( Padj=0.35). In the late phase, ADIRs remained significantly higher with clopidogrel ( Padj<0.001), whereas ADBRs were significantly higher with low-dose prasugrel ( Padj<0.001). Conclusions Ischemic burden was greater than bleeding burden in all clinical phases of 1-year follow-up of elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome treated with percutaneous coronary intervention. Low-dose prasugrel reduced ischemic events in the subacute and chronic phases compared with clopidogrel, whereas bleeding burden was lower with clopidogrel in the late phase. Clinical Trial Registration URL : http://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT 01777503.

13.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 72(22): 2747-2757, 2018 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30497561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence and significance of structural abnormalities in Brugada syndrome (BrS) are still largely debated. OBJECTIVES: The authors investigated the relationship between genetic background, electroanatomic abnormalities, and pathologic substrate in BrS. METHODS: They performed 3-dimensional electroanatomic unipolar and bipolar mapping in 30 patients with BrS. Twenty patients underwent 3-dimensional electroanatomic unipolar and bipolar mapping-guided right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) endomyocardial biopsy. Programmed ventricular stimulation and genetic analysis were performed in all patients. RESULTS: Low-voltage areas (LVAs) were observed at unipolar map in 93% of patients and at bipolar map in 50% of cases. Unipolar LVAs were always larger than bipolar LVAs, were always colocalized, and in all cases included RVOT. Disease-causing mutations were detected in 10 (33%) patients. Programmed ventricular stimulation was positive in 16 cases (53%). In 75% of patients, RVOT histology showed pathologic findings with myocardial inflammation in 80% of them. Among patients with abnormal bipolar map submitted to endomyocardial biopsy, 9 (81%) showed evidence of myocardial inflammation. Conversely, bipolar map was abnormal in 83% of patients with myocardial inflammation. Myocardial inflammation was also more prevalent among inducible patients (83% vs. 25% in noninducible; p = 0.032). CONCLUSIONS: BrS is characterized by electroanatomical and structural abnormalities localized to RVOT with a gradient of the pathologic substrate from epicardium to endocardium possibly driven by myocardial inflammation. These findings reclassify BrS as a combination of structural and electrical defects opening the way to new risk stratification and therapeutic strategies.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30353444

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Morphine adversely impacts the action of oral adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-receptor blockers in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients, and is possibly associated with differing patient characteristics. This retrospective analysis investigated whether interaction between morphine use and pre-percutaneous coronary intervention (pre-PCI) ST-segment elevation resolution in STEMI patients in the ATLANTIC study was associated with differences in patient characteristics and management. METHODS: ATLANTIC was an international, multicenter, randomized study of treatment in the acute ambulance/hospital setting where STEMI patients received ticagrelor 180 mg ± morphine. Patient characteristics, cardiovascular history, risk factors, management, and outcomes were recorded. RESULTS: Opioids (97.6% morphine) were used in 921 out of 1862 patients (49.5%). There were no significant differences in age, sex or cardiovascular history, but more morphine-treated patients had anterior myocardial infarction and left-main disease. Time from chest pain to electrocardiogram and ticagrelor loading was shorter with morphine (both p = 0.01) but not total ischemic time. Morphine-treated patients more frequently received glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (p = 0.002), thromboaspiration and stent implantation (both p < 0.001). No significant difference between the two groups was found regarding pre-PCI ≥ 70% ST-segment elevation resolution, death, myocardial infarction, stroke, urgent revascularization and definitive acute stent thrombosis. More morphine-treated patients had an absence of pre-PCI Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) 3 flow (85.8% vs. 79.7%; p = 0.001) and more had TIMI major bleeding (1.1% vs. 0.1%; p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Morphine-treatment was associated with increased GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor use, less pre-PCI TIMI 3 flow, and more bleeding. Judicious morphine use is advised with non-opioid analgesics preferred for non-severe acute pain. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01347580.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30302940

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We investigated, in the contemporary era of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treatment, the influence of diabetes mellitus (DM) on cardiovascular outcomes, and whether pre-hospital administration of ticagrelor may affect these outcomes in a subgroup of STEMI patients with DM. BACKGROUND: DM patients have high platelet reactivity and a prothrombotic condition which highlight the importance of an effective antithrombotic regimen in this high-risk population. METHODS: In toal 1,630 STEMI patients enrolled in the ATLANTIC trial who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were included. Multivariate analysis was used to explore the association of DM with outcomes and potential treatment-by-diabetes interaction was tested. RESULTS: A total of 214/1,630 (13.1%) patients had DM. DM was an independent predictor of poor myocardial reperfusion as reflected by less frequent ST-segment elevation resolution (≥70%) after PCI (OR 0.59, 95% CI 0.43-0.82, P < 0.01) and was an independent predictor of the composite 30-day outcomes of death/new myocardial infarction (MI)/urgent revascularization/definite stent thrombosis (ST) (OR 2.80, 95% CI 1.62-4.85, P < 0.01), new MI or definite acute ST (OR 2.46, 95% CI 1.08-5.61, P = 0.03), and definite ST (OR 10.00, 95% CI 3.54-28.22, P < 0.01). No significant interaction between pre-hospital ticagrelor vs in-hospital ticagrelor administration and DM was present for the clinical, electrocardiographic and angiographic outcomes as well as for thrombolysis in myocardial infarction major bleeding. CONCLUSIONS: DM remains independently associated with poor myocardial reperfusion and worse 30-day clinical outcomes. No significant interaction was found between pre-hospital vs in-hospital ticagrelor administration and DM status. Further approaches for the treatment of DM patients are needed. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01347580.

16.
Eur J Intern Med ; 2018 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30154039

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Patients with non ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS) and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) present a worse prognosis compared to those without PAD. We sought to describe contemporary trends of in-hospital management and outcome of patients admitted for NSTE-ACS with associated PAD. METHODS: We analyzed data from 6 Italian nationwide registries, conducted between 2001 and 2014, including consecutive NSTE-ACS patients. RESULTS: Out of 15,867 patients with NSTE-ACS enrolled in the 6 registries, 2226 (14.0%) had a history of PAD. As compared to non-PAD patients, those with PAD had significantly more risk factors and comorbidities (all p < 0.0001) that increased over time. Patients with PAD underwent less frequently coronary angiography (72.0% vs 79.2%, p < 0.0001) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI, 42.9% vs 51.8%, p < 0.0001), compared to patients without PAD. Over the years, a progressive and similar increase occurred in the rates of invasive procedures both in patients with and without PAD (both p for trend <0.0001). The crude in-hospital mortality rate did not significantly change over time (p for trend = 0.83). However, as compared to 2001, the risk of death was significantly lower in all other studies performed at different times, after adjustment for multiple comorbidities.. At multivariable analysis, PAD on admission was an independent predictor of in-hospital mortality [odds ratio (OR): 1.75; 95% confidence intervals (CI): 1.35-2.27; p < 0.0001]. CONCLUSIONS: Over the 14 years of observation, patients with PAD and NSTE-ACS exhibited worsening baseline characteristics and a progressive increase in invasive procedures. Whereas crude in-hospital mortality did not change over time, we observed a significant reduction in comorbidity-adjusted mortality, as compared to 2001.

17.
G Ital Cardiol (Rome) ; 19(7): 420-428, 2018 Jul-Aug.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29989599

RESUMO

The appropriate use of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) remains a highly debated subject. In fact, achieving the correct balance between the reduction of ischemic risk and the increase in hemorrhagic events is more difficult in this population than in younger subjects, especially in the case of very potent drug therapy. As a consequence of this, despite guideline recommendations, antiplatelet therapy is currently underutilized in elderly patients with ACS.In current clinical practice, the antiplatelet drugs that can be used in combination with aspirin are clopidogrel, prasugrel and ticagrelor. The efficacy of these molecules is supported by randomized clinical trials, which gave variable results in terms of the extent of reduction in ischemic events and increase in hemorrhagic complications. The purpose of this article is to identify, based on the results of a consensus meeting, common elements in the use of DAPT in the elderly and to identify areas where further scientific evidence is required to better define the role of the individual antiplatelet agents.

18.
G Ital Cardiol (Rome) ; 19(2): 101-110, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29531382

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few data exist on temporal evolution of antithrombotic agent use in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in Italy. We sought to compare data from the most recent prospective, multicenter, nationwide registries conducted in Italy, namely EYESHOT and SCOPE. METHODS: EYESHOT enrolled 2585 consecutive ACS patients, both ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST elevation ACS (NSTE-ACS), admitted to 203 Italian coronary care units over a 3-week period (2-22 Dec 2013 and 27 Jan-16 Feb 2014). Among patients enrolled in EYESHOT, 1755 (67.9%) underwent PCI (52.6% with STEMI and 47.4% with NSTE-ACS). In the SCOPE registry, a total of 1363 patients undergoing PCI were enrolled over 3 months (15 Feb-15 Apr 2016) in 39 Italian cath lab centers at medium to high PCI volume: 331 (24.3%) with a diagnosis of STEMI and 1032 (75.7%) with a diagnosis of NSTE-ACS. RESULTS: Over 2 years, the use of clopidogrel in the cath lab significantly decreased (from 11% to 8% in STEMI; p=0.06 and from 9% to 5% in NSTE-ACS; p=0.0002), while the administration of ticagrelor dramatically increased (from 14% to 37%; p<0.0001 in STEMI and from 7% to 44%; p<0.0001 in NSTE-ACS). At discharge, a significant decrease in the use of clopidogrel (from 32% to 21% in STEMI; p=0.02, and from 47% to 24% in NSTE-ACS; p<0.0001) and a concomitant increase in the novel P2Y12 receptor inhibitor prescription occurred, particularly among NSTE-ACS patients (from 8% to 14% for prasugrel; p=0.002 and from 43% to 58% for ticagrelor; p=0.03). CONCLUSIONS: From the present analysis on ACS patients undergoing PCI enrolled in EYESHOT and SCOPE registries, a significant increase in the use of novel P2Y12 receptor inhibitors was observed, both at the time of PCI and at discharge.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Adenosina/administração & dosagem , Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Clopidogrel , Humanos , Itália , Cloridrato de Prasugrel/administração & dosagem , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/administração & dosagem , Sistema de Registros , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Ticagrelor , Ticlopidina/administração & dosagem , Ticlopidina/análogos & derivados
20.
Am Heart J ; 196: 2017 Apr, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29421015

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Among patients with STEMI in the ATLANTIC study, pre-hospital administration of ticagrelor improved post-PCI ST-segment resolution and 30-day stent thrombosis. We investigated whether this clinical benefit with pre-hospital ticagrelor differs by ischemic duration. METHODS: In a post hoc analysis we compared absence of ST-segment resolution post-PCI and stent thrombosis at 30 days between randomized treatment groups (pre- versus in-hospital ticagrelor) stratified by symptom onset to first medical contact (FMC) duration [≤1 hour (n = 773), >1 to ≤3 hours (n = 772), and >3 hours (n = 311)], examining the interaction between randomized treatment strategy and duration of symptom onset to FMC for each outcome. RESULTS: Patients presenting later after symptom onset were older, more likely to be female, and have higher baseline risk. Patients with symptom onset to FMC >3 hours had the greatest improvement in post-PCI ST-segment elevation resolution with pre- versus in-hospital ticagrelor (absolute risk difference: ≤1 hour, 2.9% vs. >1 to ≤3 hours, 3.6% vs. >3 hours, 12.2%; adjusted p for interaction = 0.13), while patients with shorter duration of ischemia had greater improvement in stent thrombosis at 30 days with pre- versus in-hospital ticagrelor (absolute risk difference: ≤1 hour, 1.3% vs. >1 hour to ≤3 hours, 0.7% vs. >3 hours, 0.4%; adjusted p for interaction = 0.55). Symptom onset to active ticagrelor administration was independently associated with stent thrombosis at 30 days (adjusted OR 1.89 per 100 minute delay, 95%CI 1.20-2.97, P < .01), but not post-PCI ST-segment resolution (P = .41). CONCLUSIONS: The effect of pre-hospital ticagrelor to reduce stent thrombosis was most evident when given early within 3 hours after symptom onset, with delay in ticagrelor administration after symptom onset associated with higher rate of stent thrombosis. These findings re-emphasize the need for early ticagrelor administration in primary PCI treated STEMI patients.

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