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1.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 364, 2022 08 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36028829

RESUMO

AIM: To identify the individual and contextual factors associated with the absence of Brazilians at a scheduled appointment in Dental Specialties Centers (DSC). METHODS: This cross-sectional design uses the National Program for Improving Access and Quality of Dental Specialties Centers database, 2018. The outcome was the users' lack of at least one of the scheduled appointments. Contextual and individual independent variables were used, considering Andersen's behavioural model. The analyses were performed with the R Core Team and SAS (Studio 3.8, Institute Inc, North Carolina, U.S, 2019) programs. RESULTS: Of the 10,391 patients interviewed, 27.7% missed at least one of the consultations. In the adjusted multivariate model, the interpretation based on the effect size and 95% CI showed that the behaviour individual predisposing factors such as age ≤ 42 years (OR = 1.10; 95%CI:1.01-1.21), individual need factors such as participation in the "Bolsa Família" program (OR = 1,14; 95%CI:1.02-1.27), not being covered by the Family Health Strategy (OR = 1.15; 95% CI:1.02-1.30), and users of periodontics services (OR = 1.22;95%CI:1.05-1.40) were associated with absences. The behavioural factor associated with the outcome was that the DSC facilities were not in good condition (OR = 1.18; 95%CI:1.03-1.34). DSC located in the capital (OR = 1.12; 95% CI: 0.92-1.48) were 12% more likely to have dental absences than those in the interior region. CONCLUSION: There are individual and contextual barriers associated with patients not attending specialised public dental consultations. DSC should offer adequate hours to patients, especially young adults and vulnerable people.


Assuntos
Agendamento de Consultas , Assistência Odontológica , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Adulto Jovem
2.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 972, 2022 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35906576

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to analyse the quality of adults and older adults health care in Primary Health Care (PHC) services in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, 2018. METHODS: A quantitative survey was carried out in which the municipalities participating in the study included the four macro-regions following the Director Regional Plan (DRP). In this study, the quality of care was verified using the validated version of the PCAT-Br for adult and older adults users over 18 years of age and professionals. The professional's and users' views were compared between PHC attributes in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul. We performed the paired student t-test. STATA v.14.2 software (College Station, TX, USA) was used for the analyses. Sensitivity analysis was done to compare socio-demographic characteristics. RESULTS: Eight hundred twenty-five users and 424 professionals participated in the study. According to users, the Accessibility attribute had the worst performance in all macro-regions (mean score PCAT = 3.58). There were significant differences between the perception of users and professionals (PCAT = 5.32 for users and PCAT = 7.11 for professionals) in all attributes evaluated. CONCLUSIONS: There was a difference in users' and professionals' perceptions between PHC attributes. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen PHC care networks in the State, mainly considering the users' perspectives.

3.
Br J Nutr ; : 1-10, 2022 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35894293

RESUMO

This study summarised the association between ultra-processed food (UPF) consumption and dental caries in children and adolescents through a systematic review and meta-analysis. The search of PubMed, Cochrane, Web of Science and Scopus databases using the 'PECOS' strategy retrieved 1462 eligible articles. Only studies with humans aged ≤ 19 years; that assessed groups of any UPF or specific UPF items; that measured dental caries as the decayed, filled and missing surfaces or teeth indexes, based on the WHO criteria; cross-sectional, case-control, cohort and all types of interventions that examined the adjusted association between UPF consumption and dental caries were included. All studies received qualitative evaluation. Meta-analysis using random-effects models combined multivariable-adjusted OR for case-control and cross-sectional studies and risk ratio (RR) for longitudinal studies of the highest v. lowest category of UPF consumption. Forty-two studies were included in the qualitative synthesis and twenty-seven in the meta-analysis. The pooled RR was 1·71 (95 % CI 1·31, 2·24), and the pooled OR was 1·55 (95 % CI 1·37, 1·75). The highest OR was found among participants who had dental caries prevalence >70 % (OR = 3·67, 95 % CI 2·16, 6·23). Better evidence quality was found among cohort studies that evaluated children <6 years old. The findings suggest that higher UPF consumption is associated with greater dental caries in children and adolescents. Public health efforts to reduce UPF consumption are needed to improve the oral health of children and adolescents.

4.
Gerodontology ; 2022 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35332939

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between tooth loss severity and core and non-core food consumption in the older Brazilian population. METHODS: We analysed data from 20 756 people aged 60 years or older who participated in the 2019 Brazilian National Health Survey. The average consumption days a week of core (8-item) and non-core (4-item) foods were the outcomes, measured using a Food Frequency Questionnaire. Tooth loss severity was the main exposure, using a four-category ordinal variable: mild (1-12 teeth missing), moderate (13-22), severe (23-31) and edentulous (all 32). Sociodemographic, tobacco smoking, use of dental prosthesis, difficulty in chewing and systemic conditions were among the covariates. Linear regression models estimated the association between tooth loss and food consumption. RESULTS: Almost two-thirds of participants had moderate or worse levels of tooth loss. Older adults with more severe tooth loss reported an overall lower consumption of core and higher non-core foods than those with mild tooth loss. Worse tooth loss severity was associated with lower consumption of vegetables and/or legumes and fruits, and higher consumption of beans, artificial fruit juices and confectionery. CONCLUSIONS: Older Brazilian adults with more severe tooth loss are consuming lower core and higher non-core foods. Our findings reinforce the importance of the common risk factor approach to tackle the adverse effects of tooth loss on diet.

5.
Epidemiol Health ; 44: e2022007, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34990530

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of community water fluoridation (CWF) on differences in dental caries decline across racial and socioeconomic subgroups of Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: Two nationwide Brazilian population-based oral health surveys were used (Brazilian Oral Health Survey 2003 and 2010). In total, 7,198 adolescents from 15 years to 19 years old living in 50 cities investigated in both surveys were included. The mean numbers of untreated decayed teeth (DT) according to racial (Whites vs. Browns/Blacks) and socioeconomic subgroups (at or above the minimum wage per capita vs. under) were analysed. Difference-in-differences negative binomial regressions were adjusted by schooling, age, and sex. Decayed, missing, and filled teeth and DT prevalence, calculated as a categorical variable, were used in sensitivity analyses. RESULTS: The adjusted difference of reduction in DT was similar across socioeconomic subgroups (ß=-0.05; 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.45 to 0.35) and favoured, but not to a significant degree, Whites (ß=-0.34; 95% CI, -0.74 to 0.04) compared to Brown/Blacks in fluoridated areas. In non-fluoridated areas, significant differences were observed in the mean number of DT, favouring the higher socioeconomic subgroup (ß=-0.26; 95% CI, -0.53 to -0.01) and Whites (ß=-0.40; 95% CI, -0.69 to -0.11) in relation to their counterparts. The sensitivity analyses confirmed the findings. CONCLUSIONS: The similar reduction in DT across income subgroups suggests that CWF has had a beneficial effect on tackling income inequalities in dental caries within a 7-year timeframe.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Fluoretação , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Renda , Prevalência
6.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; 50(1): 11-18, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34870337

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to verify racial differences in the performance of Dental Specialities Centers in Brazil, according to the presence of active health ombudsman on four primary outcomes: (1) access and dental appointment, (2) reception services, (3) bond and responsibility, and (4) social participation. METHODS: Data came from the PMAQ-CEO national evaluation of public healthcare services, 2018-2019. The two main explanatory variables were the self-classified race at the individual level and the presence of the health ombudsman at the second level (level of services provision). Individual covariates included age, sex and schooling. Multilevel logistic regression was used to calculate the OR (Odds Ratios) in racial gaps according to the primary outcomes with individuals at the first level and public health services at the second level. RESULTS: The analytical sample comprised of 8993 respondents. Brown people were less likely to report better Access (27%), good reception services (31%), bond and responsibility (30%) and social participation (22%) than Whites. Black people showed similar patterns. Dental Specialities Centers that use health ombudsman for planning have attenuated racial inequities in all analysed dimensions. CONCLUSIONS: Dental Specialities Centers that use active health ombudsman for planning showed lower racial inequities in access, reception, bond and responsibility and social participation than those who did not use. Therefore, the health ombudsman should be implemented and used for planning better specialized dental services in Brazil.


Assuntos
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Brasil , Escolaridade , Humanos , Análise Multinível
7.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; 50(4): 321-332, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34342029

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the influence of community water fluoridation on ethnic inequalities in untreated dental caries among children and adolescents in Brazil while taking the human development context into account. METHODS: Data from a nationwide Brazilian epidemiological population oral health survey were used (SB Brazil 2010). Outcomes were caries prevalence measured by the proportion of individuals with one or more untreated decayed teeth and caries severity defined by the mean number of untreated decayed teeth (DT). Three different contexts were considered: 1-cities with no water fluoridation; 2-cities with water fluoridation and low Human Development Index (HDI); and 3-cities with water fluoridation and high HDI. The exposure was ethnic/racial group (White, Pardo, Black) and covariates were age, sex and household income. Multilevel logistic and negative binomial regressions were performed with 6696 children (aged 5 years) and 11 585 adolescents (aged 12 and 15-19 years). RESULTS: For both children and adolescents, ethnic differences in caries prevalence and mean DT were found in the nonfluoridated cities with low HDI and also in cities with high HDI, most of which were fluoridated. For example in nonfluoridated cities with low HDI, 5-year-old Pardo children were more likely to have untreated decay (OR = 1.22; 95% CI: 1.02, 1.46) and had more decayed teeth (RR = 1.18; 95% CI: 1.04, 1.34) than their White counterparts after adjusting for sex and household income. No statistically significant differences were observed in fluoridated cities with low HDI. CONCLUSION: Water fluoridation appears to be associated with reduced ethnic inequalities in dental caries prevalence and mean DT among children and adolescents in more disadvantaged settings.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Fluoretação , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Humanos , Prevalência
8.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359126

RESUMO

Objective: To assess protein intake, protein distribution across meals, and a possible association between protein distribution and muscle mass in older adults. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 47 older adults attending a community center in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil. A sociodemographic questionnaire was used to characterize the population. Dietary intake data were collected using two 24-hour dietary recalls on nonconsecutive days. Anthropometric measures, such as weight, height, and body circumferences, and measures of handgrip strength were collected. Skeletal muscle mass was calculated from the anthropometric measures. Descriptive statistics were used to derive means and standard deviations. Analysis of variance and Tukey tests were performed, with a significance level of 5% (p < 0.05). Results:The older adults, mostly Caucasian, female, physically active, at risk of malnutrition, and with a low level of education, had an energy intake of 1,305.28 kcal/day. Protein intake was 65.19 g/day, with a mean of 0.93 g/kg/day. Lunch was the meal with the highest protein intake (33.85 ± 2.47 g). The lowest protein intake was observed at breakfast (8.56 ± 0.82 g). All meals were below the recommendation of 40 g of protein/meal. Protein intake at breakfast was associated with calf circumference (p = 0.04). Conclusions: The older adults consumed a low amount of total and per-meal protein. Breakfast showed the lowest protein intake, and this was associated with calf circumference in the study sample.


Objetivo: Avaliar o consumo proteico, sua distribuição nas principais refeições e sua possível associação com a massa muscular de idosos. Metodologia: Estudo transversal realizado com 47 idosos frequentadores de um centro de convivência em Campo Grande (MS). Aplicou-se um questionário sociodemográfico e dois recordatórios de 24 horas, em dias alternados, para a avaliação do consumo alimentar, e realizou-se avaliação antropométrica por meio da aferição de medidas como peso, estatura, circunferências corporais e a força de pressão palmar. Com as medidas antropométricas, foi calculada a quantidade de massa muscular esquelética. Realizou-se estatística descritiva e, para as análises de associação, aplicaram-se os testes de variância (ANOVA) e de Tukey, com significância estatística quando p < 0,05. Resultados: Os idosos, majoritariamente caucasianos, do sexo feminino, fisicamente ativos, em risco de desnutrição e com escolaridade reduzida apresentaram consumo energético de 1.305,28 kcal/dia e consumo proteico 65,19 g/dia, sendo 0,93 g de proteína/kg/dia. O almoço foi a refeição com maior aporte proteico (33,85 ± 2,47 g). O menor consumo proteico foi observado no café da manhã (8,56 ± 0,82 g). Todas as refeições ficaram abaixo da recomendação de 40 g de proteína/refeição. O consumo proteico no café da manhã associou-se à circunferência da panturrilha (p = 0.04). Conclusões: Os idosos consumiram baixa quantidade de proteínas totais e nas principais refeições. O café da manhã foi a refeição com menor aporte proteico e este associou-se à circunferência da panturrilha em idosos da amostra.

9.
Epidemiol Serv Saude ; 30(4): e20201140, 2021 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34854464

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between the coverage by oral health teams in the Family Health Strategy (FHS-OH) and the use of dental services among 12-year-old adolescents in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, 2019. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study involving school-based research, which adopted the use of dental services as its outcome. Structural equation modeling was used to test the association between covariates and the outcome. RESULTS: Of the 615 participants, 74.0% used dental services in the last three years. ESF-SB (oral health coverage by family health strategy, acronym in Portuguese) ≥50% was associated with a greater use of public dental services [standardized coefficient (SC) = 0.10 -95%CI 0.01;0.18], a lower use of these services for prevention (SC = -0.07 -95%CI -0.17;0.01) and higher unhealthy food consumption (SC = 0.19 -95%CI 0.11;0.26). CONCLUSION: Higher ESF-SB coverage was associated with a lower use of dental services for prevention and higher unhealthy food consumption. Teams must organize the access to oral health service and qualify the work process.


Assuntos
Saúde da Família , Saúde Bucal , Adolescente , Brasil , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos
10.
J Public Health Dent ; 2021 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34888880

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Community water fluoridation has been associated with better oral health conditions globally and reduced dental caries. While oral health policies are governed by the health sector agenda, water fluoridation is undertaken by public, private, and mixed public/private companies of the sanitation sector. The first aim of this study was to investigate the degree of intersectoral collaboration, and the second was to investigate how the coordination mechanisms are perceived by the sanitation agents of the sectors involved in water quality management, for the potential establishment of water fluoridation in a central-west state in Brazil. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with chief sanitation agents from nonprofit, profit, and mixed public/private companies responsible for water quality and fluoridation in a purposive sample. Theoretical frameworks of intersectoral collaboration and coordination mechanisms were used for analysis. RESULTS: Twelve interviews were conducted. Informal collaboration was identified in the sanitation sector within companies involved in water provision. The main coordination mechanisms were network-type mechanisms, which involve consultations and knowledge sharing, and market-type mechanisms, which explore new job opportunities and cost-effectiveness, especially in water quality measures. Enabling themes (enablers) were identified, such as positive attitude toward including water quality and fluoridation in a collaborative health and sanitation common agenda. Moreover, fluoridation did not meet the regulatory and surveillance agenda at the state level, and until that moment, there was no proposal of the health sector for water fluoridation. CONCLUSIONS: Partnership creation, consolidation, and shared mission, especially between health and sanitation sectors, were identified as main challenges for implementing water fluoridation policy.

11.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 2311, 2021 12 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34930189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the presence of two or more chronic conditions (multimorbidity) on tooth loss between adults and older adults. Understanding the mechanisms of multimorbidity on tooth loss is essential to inform policy development. This study aims to investigate the association between multimorbidity and severity of tooth loss in Brazilian adults and older adults. METHODS: We analysed data from a nationally representative sample of 88,531 Brazilian individuals aged 18 and over who participated in the 2019 Brazilian Health Survey. Tooth loss was the outcome by two different classifications: functional dentition (lost 1-12 teeth) and severe tooth loss (lost 23-32 teeth). The presence of multimorbidity was the main exposure and based on 13 self-reported doctor-diagnosed chronic diseases that were further categorised into two groups, i.e., ≥2 or ≥ 3 comorbidities. Sociodemographic covariates included sex, age, race, income, level of education and tobacco smoking and geographic region of residency. Multivariate logistic regression models estimated the OR (Odds Ratios) and 95%CI of the associations between multimorbidity and tooth loss. RESULTS: For 65,803 adults (aged 18 to 59), the presence of multimorbidity (≥2) was associated with 32% higher odds of having severe tooth loss (95% CI, 1.17; 1.49) and 33% lower odds of having functional dentition (95% CI, 0.60; 0.75). For the 22,728 older adults (aged 60 and older), multimorbidity (≥2) was associated with a 17% higher odds of severe tooth loss (95% CI, 1.06; 1.29) and 23% lower odds of having functional dentition (95% CI 0.70; 0.85). The sensitivity analysis, excluding hypertension, confirmed our findings. CONCLUSIONS: Brazilian adults and older adults with multimorbidity are more likely to have severe tooth loss and less likely to have functional dentition.


Assuntos
Perda de Dente , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Renda , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Multimorbidade , Perda de Dente/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Preprint em Português | SciELO Preprints | ID: pps-2832

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the association between the coverage of oral health teams in the Family Health Strategy (ESF-SB) and the use of dental services among adolescents aged 12 years in Mato Grosso do Sul, 2019. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study, involving school-based research. The outcome was the use of dental services. Structural equation models were performed to test the association of covariates with the use of services. Results: Of the 615 participants, 74.0% used dental services in the past three years. ESF-SB coverage ≥50% was associated with greater use of public dental services [Standardized Coefficient (SC) = 0.10 ­ IC95% 0.01;0.18], greater use for treatment (SC = -0.07 ­ IC95% 0.17;0.01), and greater consumption of unhealthy foods (SC = 0.19 ­ IC95% 0.11;0.26). Conclusion: Greater coverage of ESF-SB was associated with greater use for treatments and greater inadequate food consumption by adolescents. Oral health teams must organize access and qualify the work process.


Objetivo: Analisar a associação entre a cobertura de equipes de saúde bucal na Estratégia Saúde da Família (ESF-SB) e a utilização de serviços odontológicos entre adolescentes de 12 anos, em Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil, 2019. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal, cujo desfecho foi a utilização de serviços odontológicos. Modelos de equações estruturais foram construídos para testar a associação das covariáveis com o desfecho. Resultados: Dos 615 participantes, 74,0% utilizaram os serviços odontológicos nos últimos três anos. A cobertura de ESF-SB ≥50% associou-se a maior uso de serviços públicos [coeficiente padronizado (CP) = 0,10 ­ IC95% 0,01;0,18], menor uso para prevenção (CP = -0,07 ­ IC95% -0,17;0,01) e maior consumo de alimentos não saudáveis (CP = 0,19 ­ IC95% 0,11;0,26). Conclusão: Maiores coberturas de ESF-SB associaram-se a menor utilização de serviços para prevenção e maior consumo alimentar não saudável. As equipes devem organizar o acesso e qualificar o processo de trabalho.

13.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e041, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33909863

RESUMO

This study analyzed the association between sedentary behavior (SB), unhealthy food consumption, and dental caries amongst 12-year-old schoolchildren. An epidemiological survey was carried out in the five largest cities (> 80,000 inhabitants) of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Data were collected on decayed, missing and filled teeth index (DMFT), sociodemographic characteristics, SB, unhealthy food consumption, and water fluoridation status. The analysis was based on the theoretical framework established by J Sisson. Structural equation models were performed to test the association of dental caries experience with sociodemographic, contextual, and behavioral factors. The mean DMFT index in the five cities was 1.02 (95%CI: 0.39-1.66). Higher sedentary behavior (more than 2 hours/day) [standardized coefficient (SC) = 0.21 95%CI: 0.07-0.39] and higher unhealthy food consumption (more than 4 times/week) [SC = 0.23 (0.10-0.45)] were associated with higher DMFT index than their counterparts. Also, cities with fluoridated water were associated with lower DMFT index [SC = -0.85 (-1.20--0.50)]. Families who had a per capita income above the poverty line had a direct association with unhealthy food consumption [SC = -0.24 (-0.38--0.11)]. Unhealthy food consumption mediated the association of sedentary behavior on DMFT index [SC=0.07 (0.02-0.13)]. Sensitivity analysis confirmed the findings. Sedentary behavior mediated by unhealthy food consumption had a significant association with dental caries experience. Public policies must address transdisciplinary actions to reduce sedentary behavior and unhealthy food consumption and promote water fluoridation.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Fluoretação , Humanos , Prevalência , Comportamento Sedentário
14.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; 49(2): 119-127, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051884

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent to which racial inequities in tooth loss and functional dentition are explained by individual socioeconomic status, smoking status and frequency/reason for the use of dental services. METHODS: Data came from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Ageing, a nationally representative sample of community-dwelling people aged 50 years and over. Tooth loss and functional dentition (ie 20+ natural teeth) were the outcomes. The main explanatory variable was self-classified race. Covariates included dental visits in the past 12 months, dental visits for check-ups only, smoking status, self-reported chronic conditions, depression and cognitive function. Logistic regression and Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition analysis were used to estimate the share of each factor in race-related tooth loss inequities. RESULTS: The analytical sample comprised of 7126 respondents. While the prevalence of functional dentition in White Brazilians was 37% (95% CI: 33.5;40.9), it was 29% (95% CI: 26.4;31.6) among Browns and 30% (95% CI: 25.1;35.4) among Blacks. The average number of lost teeth among Whites, Browns and Blacks were 18.7 (95% CI: 17.8;19.6), 20.4 (95% CI: 19.7;21.1) and 20.8 (95% CI: 19.5;22.0), respectively. Decomposition analysis showed that the selected covariates explained 71% of the racial inequalities in tooth loss. Dental visits in the previous year and smoking status explained nearly half of race-related gaps. Other factors, such as per capita income, education and cognitive status, also had an important contribution to the examined inequalities. The proportion of racial inequities in tooth loss that was explained by dental visits (frequency and reason) and smoking status decreased from 40% for those 50-59 years of age to 22% among participants aged 70-79 years. CONCLUSIONS: Frequency and reason for dental visits and smoking status explained nearly half of the racial inequity in tooth loss among Brazilian older adults. The Brazilian Family Health Strategy Program should target older adults from racial groups living in deprived areas.


Assuntos
Perda de Dente , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Humanos , Renda , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Perda de Dente/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
15.
Public Health Nutr ; 24(11): 3322-3330, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32847638

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between ultra-processed food consumption and early childhood caries. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a cluster randomised controlled study. Outcomes included the prevalence of children with non-cavitated and cavitated caries. The main exposure was the total daily consumption of ultra-processed foods (up to three times and four times or more), assessed through a FFQ. Potential confounders were socio-demographic characteristics of the child and caregiver/family, child breast-feeding, oral hygiene and use of dental services. Poisson regression using robust variance adjustment was used to estimate prevalence ratios (PR) and their respective 95 % CI. SETTING: Primary Healthcare Centers in an urban area of Pelotas, Southern Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: Children aged 0-3 years (n 309). RESULTS: Consumption of ultra-processed foods four times or more a day was found in 67·6 % of children; 24·4 and 12·0 % presented non-cavitated and cavitated caries, respectively. After adjustment, children who consumed ultra-processed foods four times or more a day were more likely to present both non-cavitated caries (PR 2·25, 95 % CI 1·19, 4·27, P = 0·013) and cavitated caries (PR 3·48, 95 % CI 1·18, 10·30, P = 0·024) compared with those who have consumed them up to three times a day. CONCLUSIONS: Consumption of ultra-processed foods is associated with early childhood caries. Interventions aiming at reducing ultra-processed food consumption should be implemented to improve children's oral health.


Assuntos
Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Cárie Dentária , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Fast Foods , Feminino , Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde
17.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 30(4): e20201140, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350738

RESUMO

Objetivo: Analisar a associação entre a cobertura de equipes de saúde bucal na Estratégia Saúde da Família (ESF-SB) e a utilização de serviços odontológicos entre adolescentes de 12 anos, em Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil, 2019. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal, cujo desfecho foi a utilização de serviços odontológicos. Modelos de equações estruturais foram construídos para testar a associação das covariáveis com o desfecho. Resultados: Dos 615 participantes, 74,0% utilizaram os serviços odontológicos nos últimos três anos. A cobertura de ESF-SB ≥50% associou-se a maior uso de serviços públicos [coeficiente padronizado (CP) = 0,10 - IC95% 0,01;0,18], menor uso para prevenção (CP = -0,07 - IC95% -0,17;0,01) e maior consumo de alimentos não saudáveis (CP = 0,19 - IC95% 0,11;0,26). Conclusão: Maiores coberturas de ESF-SB associaram-se a menor utilização de serviços para prevenção e maior consumo alimentar não saudável. As equipes devem organizar o acesso e qualificar o processo de trabalho.


Objetivo: Analizar la asociación entre la cobertura de los equipos de salud bucal en la Estrategia Salud de la Familia (ESF-SB) y el uso de servicios odontológicos en 12 años en Mato Grosso do Sul, 2019. Métodos: Este es un estudio transversal. El resultado fue el uso de servicios dentales. Se realizaron modelos de ecuaciones estructurales para asociación de covariables con el resultado. Resultados: De los 615 participantes, el 74,0% utilizó servicios dentales en los últimos tres años. La cobertura de ESF-SB ≥50% se asoció con mayor uso público [coeficiente estandarizado (CE) = 0,10 - IC95% 0,01;0,18], menor uso para prevención (CE = -0,07 - IC95% -0,17;0,01) y mayor consumo de alimentos no saludables (CE = 0,19 - IC95% 0,11;0,26). Conclusión: Mayor cobertura de ESF-SB se asoció con un menor uso para la prevención y un mayor consumo de alimentos no saludables. Los equipos de salud bucal deben organizar el proceso de trabajo.


Objective: To analyze the association between the coverage by oral health teams in the Family Health Strategy (FHS-OH) and the use of dental services among 12-year-old adolescents in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, 2019. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study involving school-based research, which adopted the use of dental services as its outcome. Structural equation modeling was used to test the association between covariates and the outcome. Results: Of the 615 participants, 74.0% used dental services in the last three years. ESF-SB (oral health coverage by family health strategy, acronym in Portuguese)≥50% was associated with a greater use of public dental services [standardized coefficient (SC) = 0.10 -95%CI 0.01;0.18], a lower use of these services for prevention (SC = -0.07 -95%CI -0.17;0.01) and higher unhealthy food consumption (SC = 0.19 -95%CI 0.11;0.26). Conclusion: Higher ESF-SB coverage was associated with a lower use of dental services for prevention and higher unhealthy food consumption. Teams must organize the access to oral health service and qualify the work process.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Estratégias de Saúde Nacionais , Saúde Bucal , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Assistência Odontológica
18.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 23: e200100, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053093

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The assessment of the degree to which health professionals, workers and organizations are ready to implement changes in health services deserves special attention, especially related to new technologies, public policies and innovation. The objectives of this study were to conduct a Brazilian Portuguese Brazil cross-cultural adaptation of the ORIC questionnaire and to initiate the study of its psychometric properties. METHODS: Through a cross-sectional study, the Organizational Readiness for Implementing Change (ORIC) questionnaire, containing 12 questions, was translated and later applied to a sample of workers from traditional primary health care units undergoing transformation to family health units. Statistical analysis included Cronbach's alpha, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis by structural equation model using the Consensus-Based Standards for the Selection of Health Measurement Instruments (COSMIN) checklist. RESULTS: Workers from ten health units participated in the study (n = 150). The analysis confirmed two main factors (Effectiveness and Commitment) with Eigenvalues > 1. Rotation by the orthogonal method showed that the instrument questions confirmed the factors analyzed by the original instrument. The total Cronbach's Alpha of ORIC was 0.94, showing excellent reliability. CONCLUSION: The Brazilian Portuguese Brazil version of the ORIC-Br questionnaire showed good psychometric properties and can be used in health services to measure organizational readiness, considered as an indicator of the potential success in implementing change.


OBJETIVO: Avaliar o grau em que profissionais da atenção primária e organizações de saúde estão prontos para implementar mudanças nos serviços de saúde, principalmente no que se refere à implementação de novas tecnologias, políticas públicas ou programas de inovação, que merecem especial atenção. Os objetivos deste estudo foram: conduzir a adaptação transcultural do questionário Organizational Readiness for Implementing Change (ORIC) para o português (Brasil); e iniciar a mensuração de suas propriedades psicométricas. MÉTODOS: Por meio de estudo transversal, realizou-se a tradução do questionário ORIC, com 12 questões, e posterior aplicação numa amostra de trabalhadores de unidades primárias de saúde tradicionais em transformação para unidades de saúde da família. A análise estatística incluiu o coeficiente alfa de Cronbach, análise fatorial exploratória e confirmatória por modelo de equação estrutural e seguiu o checklist Consensus-Based Standards for the Selection of Health Measurement Instruments (COSMIN). RESULTADOS: Participaram do estudo 150 trabalhadores de 10 unidades de saúde em transformação. A análise confirmou dois fatores principais (Eficácia e Comprometimento), com autovalores > 1. A rotação pelo método ortogonal mostrou que as questões do instrumento confirmaram os fatores analisados pelo instrumento original. O alfa de Cronbach total do ORIC foi 0,94, mostrando ótima confiabilidade. CONCLUSÃO: A versão portuguesa (Brasil) do questionário ORIC-Br apresentou boas propriedades psicométricas, podendo ser utilizado em serviços de saúde para medição da prontidão organizacional, considerada um indicador do potencial alcance de sucesso na implementação de mudança em serviços de saúde.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Inovação Organizacional , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Portugal , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
19.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0235258, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32589647

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether the presence of care workers who completed a specialization course on family health was associated with improved care and maternal and child health indicators in municipalities in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. METHODS: Negative binomial regression models with fixed effects were used for the 79 municipalities in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, with repeated observations for the period 2009-2015. For our reference, the parameter "number of professionals who completed the course" calculated the proportion of professionals who completed the course, and was divided by the total number of primary health care professionals in the municipality to create a ratio. The cutoff points used represented tertile distribution: T3: high (0.35-1.00), T2: intermediate (0.02-0.33) and T1: low (0.00-0.01); to avoid biased results, the analysis was also performed for the years prior to the beginning of the course in question (2009 and 2010). RESULTS: During the study period, enrollment of pregnant women, exclusive breastfeeding for children under 4 months, and up-to-date vaccinations in children younger than 1 year to 23 months increased (high to intermediate categories) in municipalities where professionals who completed the specialization course worked. Growth in the intermediate ratio was also observed in indicators related to cervical cancer screening and new diagnoses of congenital syphilis in infants under one year of age. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of care workers who completed a specialization course on family health was seen to be associated with improved care and indicators for maternal and child health in municipalities in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. These findings reaffirm the importance and effectiveness of policies on training and continuing education for the Brazilian Unified Health System.


Assuntos
Saúde da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação Continuada , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Saúde Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Gravidez , Sistema de Registros
20.
Clin Oral Investig ; 24(2): 857-866, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31214794

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the combined risk of oral problems in the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of adolescents aged 15 to 19 years in São Paulo state (Brazil) in the year of 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the São Paulo State Oral Health Survey (SBSP-15) and the contextual characteristics of the cities of São Paulo state, evaluated in the year 2015 were accessed. Correlations were made between contextual factors (i.e., coverage of the family health team, average supervised tooth brushing, number of first dental appointments, and average income), individual sociodemographic variables (i.e., ethnicity, gender, and schooling) and dental problems (dental pain, caries, overjet, open bite, indication for endodontic and exodontic treatment, gingival bleeding, and dental trauma). These variables were correlated with the quality of life of the adolescents using the Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (OIDP) index. Multilevel Poisson regressions were performed to calculate the rate ratio (RR) with 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS: According to the bivariate analysis, the presence of low (RR, 1.62; 95% CI 1.07-2.46) and very intense (RR, 2.53, 95% CI 1.92-3.34) dental pain, indication for endodontic (RR, 1.31; 95% CI 1.05-1.63) or for exodontic (RR, 1.31; 95% CI 1.06-1.63) treatment, and gingival bleeding (RR, 1.41; 95% CI 1.11-1.80) reduced the quality of life of adolescents. All domains of OIDP scores were associated between healthy and unhealthy individuals (p < 0.001) increasing mean scores with combined oral health problems. Higher impact on quality of life was associated with simultaneous presence of dental pain, gingival bleeding, and indication for exodontic treatment (RR, 6.03; 95% CI, 4.02-9.04) in the adolescents. CONCLUSION: Individual and contextual factors and the various dental problems are independently associated with the quality of life of Brazilian adolescents aged 15 to 19 years, especially when they are associated with the perception of intense dental pain, gingival bleeding, and indication for exodontic treatment, with up to six times greater impact on OIDP. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The study highlighted the importance for an integral treatment in adolescents, considering that the associated risk of several dental diseases can progressively affect the quality of life of this population.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Adolescente , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária , Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
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