Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 67
Filtrar
1.
Am J Cardiol ; 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31959430

RESUMO

Low lymphocyte count, as a marker of inflammation and immunosuppression, may be useful for identifying frail patients. In this work, we aimed to evaluate the association between low-relative lymphocyte count (Lymph%) and frailty status in patients >65 years old with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), and whether Lymph% is associated with morbimortality beyond standard prognosticators and frailty. In this prospective observational study, we included 488 hospital survivors of an episode of an ACS >65 years old. Total and differential white blood cells and frailty status were assessed at discharge. Frailty was evaluated using the Fried score at discharge and defined as Fried≥3. The independent association between Lymph% and Fried≥3 was evaluated by multivariate logistic regression analysis. The associations between Lymph% with long-term all-cause mortality and recurrent admission were evaluated with Cox regression and shared frailty regression, respectively. The mean age of the sample was 78 ± 7 years and 41% were females. The median (interquartile range) of the Lymph% was 21% (15 to 27) and 41% showed Fried≥3. In multivariate analysis, Lymph% was inversely related to the odds of frailty with an exponential increase risk from values below 15% (p = 0.001). Likewise, Lymph% was inverse and independently associated with a higher risk of long-term mortality (p = 0.011), recurrent all-cause (p = 0.020), and cardiovascular readmissions (p = 0.024). In conclusion, in patients >65 years with a recent ACS, low Lymph% evaluated at discharge is associated with a higher risk of frailty. Low Lymph% was also associated with a higher risk of long-term mortality and recurrent admissions beyond standard prognosticators and Fried score.

2.
Int J Cardiol ; 302: 30-33, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31924393

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The potential sex-differential effect of frailty in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) has not been well-evaluated. We sought to examine the sex-differential association between frailty status on long-term mortality in elderly patients with an ACS. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a prospective observational single-center study that included 488 elderly patients (>65 years) hospitalized for ACS who survived the index hospitalization. Multivariate Cox regression was used to determine the association among the exposures (interaction of sex with Fried score and sex with Fried ≥ 3) and all-cause mortality. The mean age of the sample was 78 ±â€¯7 years; 41% were female and the median Fried score was higher in women [3 (2-3) vs. 2 (1-2) points, p < 0.001]. At a median follow-up of 3.12 years (IQR:1.38-5.13), 182 deaths (37.3%) were registered. The association of Fried ≥ 3 with mortality varied across sex (p-value for interaction = 0.022). In males, Fried ≥ 3 was independently associated with all-cause death (HR = 1.89; CI 95%:1.25-2.85, p = 0.003). However, it showed a neutral effect on women (HR = 0.92; CI 95%:0.57-1.49, p = 0.726). CONCLUSIONS: In this work, we found that the frailty status assessed by Fried score was independently associated with mortality in elderly males but not in females with ACS.

3.
Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) ; 73(1): 69-77, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761573

RESUMO

Heart failure is a complex entity, with high morbidity and mortality. The clinical course and outcome are uncertain and difficult to predict. This document, instigated by the Heart Failure and Geriatric Cardiology Working Groups of the Spanish Society of Cardiology, addresses various aspects related to palliative care, where most cardiovascular disease will eventually converge. The document also establishes a consensus and a series of recommendations with the aim of recognizing and understanding the need to implement and progressively apply palliative care throughout the course of the disease, not only in the advanced stages, thus improving the care provided and quality of life. The purpose is to improve and adapt treatment to the needs and wishes of each patient, who must have adequate information and participate in decision-making.


Assuntos
Cardiologia , Consenso , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Cuidados Paliativos/normas , Sociedades Médicas , Idoso , Tomada de Decisões , Humanos , Espanha
4.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 20017, 2019 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882712

RESUMO

Delayed enhancement cardiovascular magnetic resonance (MR) is the gold-standard for non-invasive assessment after myocardial infarction (MI). MR microscopy (MRM) provides a level of detail comparable to the macro objective of light microscopy. We used MRM and correlative histopathology to identify infarct and remote tissue in contrast agent-free multi-sequence MRM in swine MI hearts. One control group (n = 3 swine) and two experimental MI groups were formed: 90 min of ischemia followed by 1 week (acute MI = 6 swine) or 1 month (chronic MI = 5 swine) reperfusion. Representative samples of each heart were analysed by contrast agent-free multi-sequence (T1-weighting, T2-weighting, T2*-weighting, T2-mapping, and T2*-mapping). MRM was performed in a 14-Tesla vertical axis imager (Bruker-AVANCE 600 system). Images from MRM and the corresponding histopathological stained samples revealed differences in signal intensities between infarct and remote areas in both MI groups (p-value < 0.001). The multivariable models allowed us to precisely classify regions of interest (acute MI: specificity 92% and sensitivity 80%; chronic MI: specificity 100% and sensitivity 98%). Probabilistic maps based on MRM images clearly delineated the infarcted regions. As a proof of concept, these results illustrate the potential of MRM with correlative histopathology as a platform for exploring novel contrast agent-free MR biomarkers after MI.

5.
Am J Med ; 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422111

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal diuretic treatment strategy for patients with acute heart failure and renal dysfunction remains unclear. Plasma carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) is a surrogate of fluid overload and a potentially valuable tool for guiding decongestion therapy. The aim of this study was to determine if a CA125-guided diuretic strategy is superior to usual care in terms of short-term renal function in patients with acute heart failure and renal dysfunction at presentation. METHODS: This multicenter, open-label study randomized 160 patients with acute heart failure and renal dysfunction into 2 groups (1:1). Loop diuretics doses were established according to CA125 levels in the CA125-guided group (n = 79) and in clinical evaluation in the usual-care group (n = 81). Changes in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at 72 and 24 hours were the co-primary endpoints, respectively. RESULTS: The mean age was 78 ± 8 years, the median amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide was 7765 pg/mL, and the mean eGFR was 33.7 ± 11.3 mL/min/1.73m2. Over 72 hours, the CA125-guided group received higher furosemide equivalent dose compared to usual care (P = 0.011), which translated into higher urine volume (P = 0.042). Moreover, patients in the active arm with CA125 >35 U/mL received the highest furosemide equivalent dose (P <0.001) and had higher diuresis (P = 0.013). At 72 hours, eGFR (mL/min/1.73m2) significantly improved in the CA125-guided group (37.5 vs 34.8, P = 0.036), with no significant changes at 24 hours (35.8 vs 39.5, P = 0.391). CONCLUSION: A CA125-guided diuretic strategy significantly improved eGFR and other renal function parameters at 72 hours in patients with acute heart failure and renal dysfunction.

6.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 12(12): 2445-2456, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202752

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to establish the best definition of left ventricular adverse remodeling (LVAR) to predict outcomes and determine whether its assessment adds prognostic information to that obtained by early cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). BACKGROUND: LVAR, usually defined as an increase in left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) is the main cause of heart failure after an ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction; however, the role of assessment of LVAR in predicting cardiovascular events remains controversial. METHODS: Patients with ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction who received percutaneous coronary intervention within 6 h of symptom onset were included (n = 498). CMR was performed during hospitalization (6.2 ± 2.6 days) and after 6 months (6.1 ± 1.8 months). The optimal threshold values of the LVEDV increase and the LV ejection fraction decrease associated with the primary endpoint were ascertained. Primary outcome was a composite of cardiovascular mortality, hospitalization for heart failure, or ventricular arrhythmia. RESULTS: The study was completed by 374 patients. Forty-nine patients presented the primary endpoint during follow-up (72.9 ± 42.8 months). Values that maximized the ability to identify patients with and without outcomes were a relative rise in LVEDV of 15% (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.1; p = 0.007) and a relative fall in LV ejection fraction of 3% (HR: 2.5; p = 0.001). However, the predictive model (using C-statistic analysis) failed to demonstrate that direct observation of LVAR at 6 months adds information to data from early CMR in predicting outcomes (C-statistic: 0.723 vs. 0.795). CONCLUSIONS: The definition of LVAR that best predicts adverse cardiovascular events should consider both the increase in LVEDV and the reduction in LV ejection fraction. However, assessment of LVAR does not improve information provided by the early CMR.

7.
Int J Cardiol ; 290: 15-20, 2019 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31130280

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15) is a marker of cell senescence. Age is a well-known determinant of GDF-15 levels, yet no study has analyzed the relationship between geriatric conditions and GDF-15. We hypothesize that geriatric conditions reflecting biological age might be stronger determinants of GDF-15 than chronological age in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: A total of 208 patients (mean age = 78.3 ±â€¯7.0 years) were included. Prior to discharge, a thorough geriatric assessment was performed and GDF-15 measured. Predictors of GDF-15 (transformed by its natural logarithm) were determined with linear regression. Furthermore, Cox regression was used for the analysis of all-cause mortality. The median follow-up was 728 days. RESULTS: Median GDF-15 concentration was 2432 pg/ml. In multivariate analysis, frailty (Fried score, p = 0.001), and comorbidity (Charlson index, p = 0.003) were independent determinants of lnGDF-15 while age was not significant (p = 0.17). Other covariates included in the model were male gender (p = 0.017), diabetes (p = 0.169), Killip class ≥2 (p = 0.046) and glomerular filtration rate (p = 0.001). The Fried score and Charlson index provided significant incremental value in the R2 model (0.362 vs 0.447; p = 0.0001). A total of 66 (32%) patients died. LnGDF-15 was a significant mortality predictor (HR = 1.82, 95% CI 1.12-2.94, p = 0.015) along with the Fried score (p = 0.013) and the Charlson index (p = 0.030). CONCLUSIONS: Geriatric conditions are strong determinants of GDF-15 levels on top of age in acute coronary syndromes. Furthermore, GDF-15 was associated with mortality independently of geriatric status. Geriatric assessment and GDF-15 are complementary tools.

9.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 16(2): 114-120, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30923542

RESUMO

Elderly population constitutes an increasingly larger proportion of patients admitted for acute coronary syndromes (ACS). The optimal management of ACS in these patients is still a challenge due to their clinical peculiarities and the paucity of specific data, and they have been traditionally managed more conservatively mainly based on subjective criteria. In ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction urgent reperfusion is the standard of care and there is no upper age limit. In non-ST segment elevation acute myocardial infarction evidence is controversial, incomplete and mainly focused on chronological age. While a strict conservative strategy should be avoided, routine invasive strategy may reduce the occurrence of myocardial infarction and need for revascularization at follow-up with no established benefit in terms of mortality. Clinical characteristics associated with aging, such as comorbidities and frailty, further discriminate patient's risk beyond age. Evidence is scarce, but it suggests that these features may modulate the benefit of invasive strategy in this population. Ongoing trials should clarify the optimal management of ACS based on these parameters.

10.
Eur J Intern Med ; 62: 48-53, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30711360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Charlson's is the most used comorbidity index. It comprises 19 comorbidities, some of which are infrequent in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), while some others are manifestations of cardiac disease rather than comorbidities. Our goal was to simplify comorbidity assessment in elderly non-ST-segment elevation ACS patients. METHODS: The study group consisted of 1 training (n = 920, 76 ±â€¯7 years) and 1 testing (n = 532; 84 ±â€¯4 years) cohorts. The end-point was all-cause mortality at 1-year follow-up. Comorbidities were assessed selecting those medical disorders other than cardiac disease that were independently associated with mortality by multivariable analysis. RESULTS: A total of 130 (14%) patients died in the training cohort. Six comorbidities were predictive: renal failure, anemia, diabetes, peripheral artery disease, cerebrovascular disease and chronic lung disease. The increase in the number of comorbidities yielded a gradient of risk on top of well-known clinical predictors: ≥3 comorbidities (27% mortality, HR = 1.90, 95% CI 1.20-3.03, p = .006); 2 comorbidities (16% mortality, HR = 1.29, 95% CI 0.81-2.04, p = .30); and 0-1 comorbidities (7.6% mortality, reference category). The discrimination accuracy (C-statistic = 0.80) and calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow test, p = .20) of the predictive model using the 6 comorbidities was comparable to the predictive model using the Charlson index (C-statistic = 0.80; Hosmer-Lemeshow test, p = .70). Similar results were reproduced in the testing cohort (≥3 comorbidities: 24% mortality, HR = 2.37, 95% CI 1.25-4.49, p = .008; 2 comorbidities: 14% mortality, HR = 1.59, 95% CI 0.82-3.07, p = .20; 0-1 comorbidities: 7.5% reference category). CONCLUSION: A simplified comorbidity assessment comprising 6 comorbidities provides useful risk stratification in elderly patients with ACS.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causas de Morte , Comorbidade , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 72(1): 63-71, ene. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-182500

RESUMO

La fragilidad es un síndrome clínico que ocurre durante el envejecimiento, que se caracteriza por una disminución de la reserva fisiológica ante una situación de estrés y constituye un estado de vulnerabilidad que conlleva mayor riesgo de un resultado adverso. Su prevalencia en España es alta, especialmente en ancianos con comorbilidad y enfermedades crónicas. En el caso de la enfermedad cardiovascular, la fragilidad determina peores resultados clínicos, con mayor morbimortalidad en todos los escenarios, agudos y crónicos; por lo tanto, puede condicionar el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de los pacientes. A pesar de todo ello, se trata de un problema que con frecuencia no se aborda ni se incluye al planificar la atención al paciente mayor con cardiopatía. En este trabajo se repasa la evidencia científica disponible y se destacan las escalas más adecuadas para la medición y la valoración de la fragilidad, algunas con mayor utilidad y mejor capacidad predictiva según el contexto clínico en que se apliquen, y se resalta también la importancia de evaluarla para identificar su presencia e incluirla en el plan individualizado de tratamiento y cuidados que mejor se adapte a cada paciente


Frailty is an age-associated clinical syndrome characterized by a decrease in physiological reserve in situations of stress, constituting a state of vulnerability that involves a higher risk of adverse events. Its prevalence in Spain is high, especially in elderly individuals with comorbidity and chronic diseases. In cardiovascular disease, frailty is associated worse clinical outcomes and higher morbidity and mortality in all scenarios, in both acute and chronic settings, and could consequently influence diagnosis and treatment. However, frailty is often not addressed or included when planning the management of elderly patients with heart disease. In this article, we review the available scientific evidence and highlight the most appropriate scales for the measurement and assessment of frailty, some of which are more useful and have better predictive capacity than others, depending on the clinical context. We also underline the importance of properly identifying and assessing frailty in order to include it in the treatment and care plan that best suits each patient


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Exame Físico/métodos , Idoso Fragilizado , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
13.
Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) ; 72(1): 63-71, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30269913

RESUMO

Frailty is an age-associated clinical syndrome characterized by a decrease in physiological reserve in situations of stress, constituting a state of vulnerability that involves a higher risk of adverse events. Its prevalence in Spain is high, especially in elderly individuals with comorbidity and chronic diseases. In cardiovascular disease, frailty is associated worse clinical outcomes and higher morbidity and mortality in all scenarios, in both acute and chronic settings, and could consequently influence diagnosis and treatment. However, frailty is often not addressed or included when planning the management of elderly patients with heart disease. In this article, we review the available scientific evidence and highlight the most appropriate scales for the measurement and assessment of frailty, some of which are more useful and have better predictive capacity than others, depending on the clinical context. We also underline the importance of properly identifying and assessing frailty in order to include it in the treatment and care plan that best suits each patient.


Assuntos
Cardiologia , Idoso Fragilizado/estatística & dados numéricos , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Avaliação Geriátrica , Geriatria , Guias como Assunto , Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fragilidade/reabilitação , Cardiopatias/reabilitação , Humanos , Morbidade/tendências , Espanha/epidemiologia
14.
PLoS One ; 13(10): e0206344, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30365558

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We characterized the dynamics of eosinophils in blood and in the infarcted myocardium in patients and in a swine model of reperfused myocardial infarction (MI). The association of eosinophil dynamics with various outcomes was assessed. METHODS: Serial eosinophil count and pre-discharge cardiac magnetic resonance were carried out in a prospective series of 620 patients with a first ST-elevation MI. In a swine model of reperfused MI, the dynamics of circulating eosinophils and their presence in the infarcted myocardium were determined. In autopsies from chronic MI patients, eosinophils were quantified. RESULTS: Patient eosinophil count sharply decreased 12h post-reperfusion compared to arrival. A lower minimum eosinophil count was associated with more extensive edema, microvascular obstruction, and infarct size as measured by cardiac magnetic resonance, and also with a higher rate of cardiac events (death, re-infarction, or heart failure) during follow-up. In the experimental model, eosinophil count boosted during ischemia and dropped back immediately post-reperfusion. Myocardial samples revealed progressive eosinophil migration into the infarcted myocardium, especially areas with microvascular obstruction. Markers of eosinophil maturation and survival (interleukin-5), degranulation (eosinophil cationic protein) and migration (eotoxin-1) were detected in the blood of patients, and in porcine myocardium. Eosinophil infiltration was detected in autopsies from chronic MI patients. CONCLUSION: Eosinopenia post-MI was associated with an impaired cardiac structure and adverse events. The decay in circulating eosinophils soon after reperfusion mirrors their migration into the infarcted myocardium, as reflected by their presence in heart samples from swine and patients. Further studies are needed to understanding this unexplored pathway and its therapeutic implications.


Assuntos
Eosinófilos/citologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Reperfusão Miocárdica , Animais , Contagem de Células , Citocinas/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Suínos
15.
Biomark Med ; 12(9): 987-999, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30043644

RESUMO

AIM: We evaluated the relationship between iron deficiency (ID) and long-term mortality risk in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: In this prospective observational study, we included 252 patients older than 65 years with ACS. Transferrin saturation (TSAT) and ferritin were collected before discharge. RESULTS: Mean age, hemoglobin and GRACE score were 78 ± 7 years, 12.4 ± 1.8 g/dl and 138.8 ± 25.3, respectively, 112(44.4%) patients were women, and 151(59.9%) presented ID. During the follow-up, 121 (48%) patients died. Mortality rates among TSAT quartiles were: 2.38, 1.60, 0.90 and 0.95 × 10 person-years for Q1TSAT to Q4TSAT, respectively (p < 0.001) and did not differ across ferritin quartiles (p = 0.601), whereas ID definition was borderline associated (p = 0.060). Adjusted TSAT levels remained inverse, nonlinearly associated with long-term mortality risk (p < 0.001), with an exponential increased-risk from values about 20% and below. CONCLUSION: Lower TSAT levels were independently associated with increased mortality risk in these patients.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Ferritinas/sangue , Ferro/deficiência , Transferrina/metabolismo , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
16.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2018: 1975167, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29743973

RESUMO

ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is the most severe outcome of coronary artery disease. Despite rapid reperfusion of the artery, acute irrigation of the cardiac tissue is associated with increased inflammation. While innate immune response in STEMI is well described, an in-depth characterization of adaptive immune cell dynamics and their potential role remains elusive. We performed a translational study using a controlled porcine reperfusion model of STEMI and the analysis of lymphocyte subsets in 116 STEMI patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In the animal model, a sharp drop in circulating T lymphocytes occurred within the first hours after reperfusion. Notably, increased apoptosis of circulating lymphocytes and infiltration of proinflammatory Th1 lymphocytes in the heart were observed 48 h after reperfusion. Similarly, in STEMI patients, a sharp drop in circulating T lymphocyte subsets occurred within the first 24 h post-PCI. A cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) evaluation of these patients revealed an inverse association between 24 h circulating T lymphocyte numbers and infarction size at 1-week and 6-month post-PCI. Our translational approach revealed striking changes in the circulating and tissue-infiltrating T lymphocyte repertoire in response to ischemia-reperfusion. These findings may help in developing new diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for coronary diseases.


Assuntos
Linfócitos/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Animais , Apoptose , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Suínos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 11(10): 1448-1457, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29248649

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of strain as assessed by tissue tracking (TT) cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) soon after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of myocardial strain as assessed post-STEMI by TT-CMR is unknown. METHODS: The authors studied the prognostic value of TT-CMR in 323 patients who underwent CMR 1 week post-STEMI. Global (average of peak segmental values [%]) and segmental (number of altered segments) longitudinal (LS), circumferential, and radial strain were assessed using TT-CMR. Global and segmental strain cutoff values were derived from 32 control patients. CMR-derived left ventricular ejection fraction, microvascular obstruction, and infarct size were determined. Results were validated in an external cohort of 190 STEMI patients. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 1,085 days, 54 first major adverse cardiac events (MACE), which included 10 cardiac deaths, 25 readmissions for heart failure, and 19 readmissions for reinfarction were documented. MACE was associated with more severe abnormalities in all strain indexes (p < 0.001), although only global LS was an independent predictor (p < 0.001). The MACE rate was higher in patients with a global LS of ≥-11% (22% vs. 9%; p = 0.001). After adjustment for baseline and CMR variables, global LS (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.21; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.11 to 1.32; p < 0.001) was associated with MACE. In the external validation cohort, a global LS ≥-11% was seen in a higher proportion of patients with MACE (34% vs. 9%; p < 0.001). Global LS predicted MACE after adjustment for baseline and CMR variables (HR: 1.18; 95% CI: 1.04 to 1.33; p = 0.008). The addition of global LS to the multivariate models, including baseline and CMR variables, did not significantly improve the categorical net reclassification improvement index in either the study group (-0.015; p = 0.7) or in the external validation cohort (-0.019; p = 0.9). CONCLUSIONS: TT-CMR provided prognostic information soon after STEMI. However, it did not substantially improve risk reclassification beyond traditional CMR indexes.


Assuntos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Circulação Coronária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Microcirculação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocárdio/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Função Ventricular Esquerda
18.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 70(12): 1067-1073, dic. 2017. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-169305

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: El tratamiento óptimo de pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca aguda (ICA) y síndrome cardiorrenal tipo 1 (SCR-1) no está bien definido. La hipoperfusión arterial y la congestión venosa tienen un papel fundamental en la fisiopatología del SCR-1. El antígeno carbohidrato 125 (CA125) ha emergido como marcador indirecto de sobrecarga de volumen en la ICA. El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar la utilidad del CA125 para el ajuste del tratamiento diurético de pacientes con SCR-1. Métodos: Ensayo clínico multicéntrico, abierto y paralelo, que incluye a pacientes con ICA y creatinina ≥ 1,4 mg/dl al ingreso, aleatorizados a: a) estrategia convencional: titulación basada en la evaluación clínica y bioquímica habitual, o b) estrategia basada en CA125: dosis altas de diuréticos si CA125 > 35 U/ml y bajas en caso contrario. El objetivo principal es el cambio en la función renal a las 24 y las 72 h tras el comienzo del tratamiento. Como objetivos secundarios: a) cambios clínicos y bioquímicos a las 24 y las 72 h, y b) cambios en la función renal y eventos clínicos mayores a 30 días. Resultados: Los resultados de este estudio aportarán datos relevantes sobre la utilidad del CA125 para guiar el tratamiento diurético en el SCR-1. Además, permitirá ampliar el conocimiento de la fisiopatología de esta compleja entidad clínica. Conclusiones: La hipótesis del presente estudio es que las concentraciones de CA125 aumentadas pueden identificar a una población de pacientes con SCR-1 para quienes una estrategia diurética más intensa puede ser beneficiosa. Por el contrario, las concentraciones bajas de esta glucoproteína seleccionarían a los pacientes para los que serían perjudiciales las dosis altas de diuréticos (AU)


Introduction and objectives: The optimal treatment of patients with acute heart failure (AHF) and cardiorenal syndrome type 1 (CRS-1) is far from being well-defined. Arterial hypoperfusion in concert with venous congestion plays a crucial role in the pathophysiology of CRS-I. Plasma carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) has emerged as a surrogate of fluid overload in AHF. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of CA125 for tailoring the intensity of diuretic therapy in patients with CRS-1. Methods: Multicenter, open-label, parallel clinical trial, in which patients with AHF and serum creatinine ≥ 1.4 mg/dL on admission will be randomized to: a) standard diuretic strategy: titration-based on conventional clinical and biochemical evaluation, or b) diuretic strategy based on CA125: high dose if CA125 > 35 U/mL, and low doses otherwise. The main endpoint will be renal function changes at 24 and 72 hours after therapy initiation. Secondary endpoints will include: a) clinical and biochemical changes at 24 and 72 hours, and b) renal function changes and major clinical events at 30 days. Results: The results of this study will add important knowledge on the usefulness of CA125 for guiding diuretic treatment in CRS-1. In addition, it will pave the way toward a better knowledge of the pathophysiology of this challenging situation. Conclusions: We hypothesize that higher levels of CA125 will identify a patient population with CRS-1 who could benefit from the use of a more intense diuretic strategy. Conversely, low levels of this glycoprotein could select those patients who would be harmed by high diuretic doses (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Nefropatias/complicações , Biomarcadores , Diuréticos/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Análise Estatística
19.
Mayo Clin Proc ; 92(6): 934-939, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28389067

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to investigate the prognostic value of geriatric conditions beyond age after acute coronary syndrome. This was a prospective cohort design including 342 patients (from October 1, 2010, to February 1, 2012) hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome, older than 65 years, in whom 5 geriatric conditions were evaluated at discharge: frailty (Fried and Green scales), comorbidity (Charlson and simple comorbidity indexes), cognitive impairment (Pfeiffer test), physical disability (Barthel index), and instrumental disability (Lawton-Brody scale). The primary end point was all-cause mortality. The median follow-up for the entire population was 4.7 years (range, 3-2178 days). A total of 156 patients (46%) died. Among the geriatric conditions, frailty (Green score, per point; hazard ratio, 1.11; 95% CI, 1.02-1.20; P=.01) and comorbidity (Charlson index, per point; hazard ratio, 1.18; 95% CI, 1.0-1.40; P=.05) were the independent predictors. The introduction of age in a basic model using well-established prognostic clinical variables resulted in an increase in discrimination accuracy (C-statistic=.716-.744; P=.05), though the addition of frailty and comorbidity provided a nonsignificant further increase (C-statistic=.759; P=.36). Likewise, the addition of age to the clinical model led to a significant risk reclassification (continuous net reclassification improvement, 0.46; 95% CI, 0.21-0.67; and integrated discrimination improvement, 0.04; 95% CI, 0.01-0.09). However, the addition of frailty and comorbidity provided a further significant risk reclassification in comparison to the clinical model with age (continuous net reclassification improvement, 0.40; 95% CI, 0.16-0.65; and integrated discrimination improvement, 0.04; 95% CI, 0.01-0.10). In conclusion, frailty and comorbidity are mortality predictors that significantly reclassify risk beyond age after acute coronary syndrome.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Idoso Fragilizado/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Atividades Cotidianas , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Disfunção Cognitiva , Comorbidade/tendências , Pessoas com Deficiência , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
20.
Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) ; 70(12): 1067-1073, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28341415

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The optimal treatment of patients with acute heart failure (AHF) and cardiorenal syndrome type 1 (CRS-1) is far from being well-defined. Arterial hypoperfusion in concert with venous congestion plays a crucial role in the pathophysiology of CRS-I. Plasma carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) has emerged as a surrogate of fluid overload in AHF. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of CA125 for tailoring the intensity of diuretic therapy in patients with CRS-1. METHODS: Multicenter, open-label, parallel clinical trial, in which patients with AHF and serum creatinine ≥ 1.4mg/dL on admission will be randomized to: a) standard diuretic strategy: titration-based on conventional clinical and biochemical evaluation, or b) diuretic strategy based on CA125: high dose if CA125 > 35 U/mL, and low doses otherwise. The main endpoint will be renal function changes at 24 and 72hours after therapy initiation. Secondary endpoints will include: a) clinical and biochemical changes at 24 and 72hours, and b) renal function changes and major clinical events at 30 days. RESULTS: The results of this study will add important knowledge on the usefulness of CA125 for guiding diuretic treatment in CRS-1. In addition, it will pave the way toward a better knowledge of the pathophysiology of this challenging situation. CONCLUSIONS: We hypothesize that higher levels of CA125 will identify a patient population with CRS-1 who could benefit from the use of a more intense diuretic strategy. Conversely, low levels of this glycoprotein could select those patients who would be harmed by high diuretic doses.


Assuntos
Acetazolamida/uso terapêutico , Antígeno Ca-125/sangue , Síndrome Cardiorrenal/tratamento farmacológico , Clortalidona/uso terapêutico , Diuréticos/uso terapêutico , Furosemida/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas de Membrana/sangue , Desequilíbrio Hidroeletrolítico/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Aguda , Síndrome Cardiorrenal/sangue , Síndrome Cardiorrenal/complicações , Creatinina/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Humanos , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente , Desequilíbrio Hidroeletrolítico/sangue , Desequilíbrio Hidroeletrolítico/etiologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA