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1.
Nutrients ; 13(2)2021 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33540585

RESUMO

We aimed to assess Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) of Italian children and their parents with coeliac disease (CD) using the Coeliac Disease Dutch Questionnaire (CDDUX). The CDDUX underwent a cross-cultural adaptation in a multi-step process, according to international guidelines. A total of 224 children aged between 8-18 years and their parents were prospectively recruited. Cronbach α coefficient was determined as a measure of internal consistency of the questionnaire and inter-children/parent reliability by intraclass correlation coefficient. Univariate and bivariate regression models were used to evaluate correlations between clinical variables and children and parents subclasses of CDDUX and overall mean Paediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL). The Italian CDDUX proved to be valid and reliable, mean CDDUX total score revealing a neutral evaluation of the quality of life in children 52.6 ± 17.2 and parents 49.5 ± 17.9 (p = 0.07) with strong correlation with PedsQL. The only clinical variable which appeared to affect significantly quality of life both in children and parents was the lower age. A comparison with our results showed remarkable differences in the HRQoL of populations of various nationalities. The Italian version of the CDDUX questionnaire is a simple and reliable tool for assessing the HRQoL in children and adolescents with CD.

2.
Molecules ; 26(1)2020 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33379366

RESUMO

(1) Background: Nicotine is implicated in the SARS-COV-2 infection through activation of the α7-nAChR and over-expression of ACE2. Our objective was to clarify the role of nicotine in SARS-CoV-2 infection exploring its molecular and cellular activity. (2) Methods: HBEpC or si-mRNA-α7-HBEpC were treated for 1 h, 48 h or continuously with 10-7 M nicotine, a concentration mimicking human exposure to a cigarette. Cell viability and proliferation were evaluated by trypan blue dye exclusion and cell counting, migration by cell migration assay, senescence by SA-ß-Gal activity, and anchorage-independent growth by cloning in soft agar. Expression of Ki67, p53/phospho-p53, VEGF, EGFR/pEGFR, phospho-p38, intracellular Ca2+, ATP and EMT were evaluated by ELISA and/or Western blotting. (3) Results: nicotine induced through α7-nAChR (i) increase in cell viability, (ii) cell proliferation, (iii) Ki67 over-expression, (iv) phospho-p38 up-regulation, (v) EGFR/pEGFR over-expression, (vi) increase in basal Ca2+ concentration, (vii) reduction of ATP production, (viii) decreased level of p53/phospho-p53, (ix) delayed senescence, (x) VEGF increase, (xi) EMT and consequent (xii) enhanced migration, and (xiii) ability to grow independently of the substrate. (4) Conclusions: Based on our results and on evidence showing that nicotine potentiates viral infection, it is likely that nicotine is involved in SARS-CoV-2 infection and severity.


Assuntos
/patologia , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Nicotina/efeitos adversos , Sistema Respiratório/efeitos dos fármacos , /metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/virologia , Humanos , Receptores Nicotínicos/metabolismo , Sistema Respiratório/virologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Receptor Nicotínico de Acetilcolina alfa7/metabolismo
3.
Mutat Res ; 786: 108342, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33339572

RESUMO

Micronuclei (MNi) are among the most widely studied biomarkers of DNA damage and chromosomal instability in humans. They originate from chromosome fragments or intact chromosomes that are not included in daughter nuclei during mitosis. The main reasons for their formation are a lack of functional centromere in the chromosome fragments or whole chromosomes or defects in one or more of the proteins of the mitotic system that, consequently, fails to segregate chromosomes properly. Assays have been developed to measure MNi in peripheral blood lymphocytes, red blood cells as well as various types of epithelial cells such as buccal, nasal, urothelial and cervical cells. Some of the assays have been further developed into micronucleus (MN) cytome assays to include additional nuclear anomalies, cell death and nuclear division biomarkers. In addition, the use of molecular probes has been adopted widely for the purpose of understanding the mechanistic origin of MNi. MN assays in humans are used for the purpose of investigating the genotoxic effects of adverse environmental, life-style and occupational factors, genetic susceptibility to DNA damage, and for determining risk of accelerated aging and diseases affected by genomic instability such as developmental defects and cancer. The emerging new knowledge showing that chromosomes trapped in MNi can undergo a high rate of fragmentation and become massively re-arranged have highlighted the possibility that MN formation is not only a biomarker of induced DNA damage but also a mechanism that drives hypermutation. Furthermore, another line of recent research showed that DNA and chromatin leaking from disrupted MNi triggers the innate immune cGAS-STING mechanism that promotes inflammation which can cause a wide-range of age-related diseases if left unresolved. For these reasons, MN assays in humans have become an increasingly important biomarker of disease initiation and progression across all life-stages.


Assuntos
Instabilidade Cromossômica/genética , Marcadores Genéticos/genética , Inflamação/genética , Micronúcleos com Defeito Cromossômico , Aneuploidia , Dano ao DNA , Humanos , Testes para Micronúcleos
4.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0243612, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33332388

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aetiology of Parkinson's disease (PD) is still very controversial, with a peculiar lack of established risk factors or protective behavior. METHODS: We carried out a case-control study of 634 idiopathic PD patients admitted from 2011 to 2015 to two hospitals located in central Italy and 532 controls matched by hospital, gender and age (± 5 years). The study questionnaire included questions on host factors, family history, residence, occupation and lifestyle. Odds ratios (ORs) for PD and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated with logistic regression, adjusting for actual and potential confounders. RESULTS: A lower OR was observed in females (0.74; 95%CI:0.58-0.96), while older age classes showed a constantly increased risk for PD (p<0.005) starting from the class 65-69 years. Subjects who reported a first degree relative affected by PD showed a borderline increase which was more evident in those enrolled in the urban center of Rome (OR = 1.65; 95%CI: 1.09-2.50). Significant reduction of the risk was associated to current smoking (OR = 0.48; 95%CI: 0.24-0.54), and to vegetables consumption (p<0.03), while borderline increases were associated to meat and cold cut consumption. Occupational activities classified according to ISCO-08 categories did not show increased risk, while higher ORs' were found for pilots and physicians. CONCLUSIONS: The results from this study confirmed the higher risk of PD in males and in elderly, and the inverse association with smoking habit. The possible etiological role of familial clustering, dietary habit, and some job tasks is suggested.


Assuntos
Doença de Parkinson/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Família , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ocupações , Razão de Chances , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fumar/efeitos adversos
5.
J Clin Med ; 9(11)2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33172157

RESUMO

Ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) has been shown to achieve rapid replenishment of iron stores and correction of anaemia in various populations with iron deficiency. A decrease in serum phosphate (PO43-) levels, which in most cases is asymptomatic, has been reported with IV iron preparations. Hypophosphataemia (HP) is a known adverse drug reaction with FCM. This post hoc pooled analysis investigates the frequency, duration, risk factors, and clinical signs of HP as reported in interventional clinical trials with FCM. Pooled data from subjects enrolled across 45 clinical trials in different therapy areas were included. A three-step adjudication process was utilised to identify adverse events of HP. Stratified analyses by therapy group and stepwise logistic regression analysis were used to identify predictors of HP. This pooled analysis confirms that FCM is associated with increased rates of serum PO43- lowering, but mean serum PO43- values were seen to recover at Week 4 and further recover at Week 8. Among all subjects receiving FCM therapy (n = 6879), 41.4% (n = 2847) reached a PO43- nadir value <2.5 mg/dL at any point on study and 0.7% (n = 49) reached a nadir <1 mg/dL. Although gastroenterology and women's health subjects were identified to be at higher risk, occurrence of severe HP (<1 mg/dL [0.3 mmol/L]) following FCM administration was not observed to be common among subjects in these studies. Furthermore, there was no correlation between laboratory serum PO43- values and the occurrence of reported adverse events related to low PO43- levels.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33126506

RESUMO

Pervasive health technologies can increase the effectiveness of personal health monitoring and training, but more user studies are necessary to understand the interest for these technologies, and how they should be designed and implemented. In the present study, we evaluated eWALL, a user-centered pervasive health technology consisting of a platform that monitors users' physical and cognitive behavior, providing feedback and motivation via an easy-to-use, touch-based user interface. The eWALL was placed for one month in the home of 48 subjects with a chronic condition (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-COPD or mild cognitive impairment-MCI) or with an age-related impairment. User acceptance, platform use, and potential clinical effects were evaluated using surveys, data logs, and clinical scales. Although some features of the platform need to be improved before reaching technical maturity and making a difference in patients' lives, the real-life evaluation of eWALL has shown how some features may influence patients' intention to use this promising technology. Furthermore, this study made it clear how the free use of different health apps is modulated by the real needs of the patient and by their usefulness in the context of the patient's clinical status.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120863

RESUMO

Crops contaminated by aflatoxins (AFs), the toxic and carcinogenic mycotoxins produced namely by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus, have severe impacts on human health. Changes in temperature and water availability related to actual climate changes (increased temperature, heavy rainfalls, and droughts) are modulating factors of mould growth and production of mycotoxins. To protect human and animal health from the harmful effects caused by AFs, the development of a safe and effective multifaceted approach in combating food and feed contamination with AFs is necessary. This review aims to collect and analyze the available information regarding AF presence in food and feed to reinforce AF management and to prevent health issues related to the AF exposure in the light of actual climate changes.

8.
Nat Protoc ; 15(12): 3817-3826, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33106678

RESUMO

The comet assay is a widely used test for the detection of DNA damage and repair activity. However, there are interlaboratory differences in reported levels of baseline and induced damage in the same experimental systems. These differences may be attributed to protocol differences, although it is difficult to identify the relevant conditions because detailed comet assay procedures are not always published. Here, we present a Consensus Statement for the Minimum Information for Reporting Comet Assay (MIRCA) providing recommendations for describing comet assay conditions and results. These recommendations differentiate between 'desirable' and 'essential' information: 'essential' information refers to the precise details that are necessary to assess the quality of the experimental work, whereas 'desirable' information relates to technical issues that might be encountered when repeating the experiments. Adherence to MIRCA recommendations should ensure that comet assay results can be easily interpreted and independently verified by other researchers.

9.
Geroscience ; 42(6): 1451-1473, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32803650

RESUMO

Frailty is a geriatric syndrome defined as a status of extreme vulnerability to stressors, leading to a higher risk of negative health-related outcomes. "Inflammaging", an age-related state of low-grade chronic inflammation, is characterized by an increased concentration of pro-inflammatory cytokines and acute phase proteins. Inflammaging has been postulated as an underlying mechanism of frailty, and several studies tested the relationship between frailty and concentration of inflammatory mediators. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to test whether inflammatory mediators are overproduced in frail older adults. Among the 758 articles identified in the literature search, 50 were included in the systematic review, and 39 in the three meta-analyses, i.e., C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin 6 (IL6), and tumor necrosis factor α. To reduce heterogeneity, meta-analyses were restricted to studies identifying frailty by the Fried et al. [1] [J. Gerontol. A. Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 56, M146-56] phenotypic criteria. Quantitative analyses measuring the association between frailty and biomarker concentrations showed significant differences when frail subjects were compared to non-frail and pre-frail subjects for CRP and IL6. This work established strong association between inflammatory biomarkers and frailty, confirming the role of age-related chronic inflammation in frailty development.

10.
Nutrients ; 12(8)2020 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32751730

RESUMO

Serum vitamin D deficiency is widespread among older adults and is a potential modifiable risk factor for frailty. Moreover, frailty has been suggested as an intermediate step in the association between low levels of vitamin D and mortality. Hence, we conducted a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis to test the possible association of low concentrations of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), a marker of vitamin D status, with frailty in later life. We reviewed cross-sectional or longitudinal studies evaluating populations of older adults and identifying frailty by a currently validated scale. Meta-analyses were restricted to cross-sectional data from studies using Fried's phenotype to identify frailty. Twenty-six studies were considered in the qualitative synthesis, and thirteen studies were included in the meta-analyses. Quantitative analyses showed significant differences in the comparisons of frail (standardized mean difference (SMD)-1.31, 95% confidence interval (CI) (-2.47, -0.15), p = 0.0271) and pre-frail (SMD-0.79, 95% CI (-1.58, -0.003), p = 0.0491) subjects vs. non-frail subjects. Sensitivity analyses reduced heterogeneity, resulting in a smaller but still highly significant between-groups difference. Results obtained indicate that lower 25(OH)D levels are significantly associated with increasing frailty severity. Future challenges include interventional studies testing the possible benefits of vitamin D supplementation in older adults to prevent/palliate frailty and its associated outcomes.

12.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 10(4)2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32326213

RESUMO

Asbestos fibers include a group of silicate minerals that occur in the environment and are widely employed in occupational settings. Asbestos exposure has been associated to various chronic diseases; such as pulmonary fibrosis; mesothelioma; and lung cancer; often characterized by a long period of latency. Underlying mechanisms that are behind the carcinogenic effect of asbestos have not been fully clarified. Therefore; we have conducted an epidemiological study to evaluate the relationship between 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG), one of the most reliable biomarkers of oxidative stress and oxidative DNA damage; and asbestos exposure in the peripheral blood of residents in Tuscany and Liguria regions; Italy; stratified by occupational exposure to this carcinogen. Levels of 8-oxodG were expressed such as relative adduct labeling (RAL); the frequency of 8-oxodG per 105 deoxyguanosine was significantly higher among exposed workers with respect to the controls; i.e., 3.0 ± 0.2 Standard Error (SE) in asbestos workers versus a value of 1.3 ± 0.1 (SE) in unexposed controls (p < 0.001). When the relationship with occupational history was investigated; significant higher levels of 8-oxodG were measured in current and former asbestos workers vs. healthy controls; 3.1 ± 0.3 (SE) and 2.9 ± 0.2 (SE), respectively. After stratification for occupational history; a significant 194% excess of adducts was found in workers with 10 or more years of past asbestos exposure (p < 0.001). 8-oxodG can be used for medical surveillance programs of cohorts of workers with past and recent exposures to carcinogens for the identification of subjects requiring a more intense clinical surveillance.

13.
Mutat Res ; 850-851: 503133, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32247551

RESUMO

The "Micronuclei and Disease" workshop was organized by the HUMN Project consortium and hosted by the European Environmental Mutagen and Genomics Society at their annual meeting in Rennes, France, on 23 May 2019. The program of the workshop focused on addressing the emerging evidence linking micronucleus (MN) frequency to human disease. The first objective was to review what has been published and evaluate the level and quality of evidence for the connection between MN frequency and various diseases through all life stages. The second objective was to identify the knowledge gaps and what else needs to be done to determine the clinical utility of MN assays as predictors of disease risk and of prognosis when disease is active. Speakers at the workshop discussed the association of MN frequency with inflammation, infertility, pregnancy complications, obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, cervical and bladder cancer, oral head and neck cancer, lung cancer, accelerated ageing syndromes, neurodegenerative diseases, and a road-map on how to utilise this knowledge was proposed. The outcomes of the workshop indicated that there are significant opportunities for translating the application of MN assays into clinical practice to improve disease prevention and risk management and to inform public health policy.


Assuntos
Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Metagenômica , Micronúcleos com Defeito Cromossômico/efeitos dos fármacos , Mutagênicos/toxicidade , Humanos , Testes para Micronúcleos
14.
Mutat Res ; 783: 108288, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32192646

RESUMO

The comet assay is a well-accepted biomonitoring tool to examine the effect of dietary, lifestyle, environmental and occupational exposure on levels of DNA damage in human cells. With such a wide range of determinants for DNA damage levels, it becomes challenging to deal with confounding and certain factors are inter-related (e.g. poor nutritional intake may correlate with smoking status). This review describes the effect of intrinsic (i.e. sex, age, tobacco smoking, occupational exposure and obesity) and extrinsic (season, environmental exposures, diet, physical activity and alcohol consumption) factors on the level of DNA damage measured by the standard or enzyme-modified comet assay. Although each factor influences at least one comet assay endpoint, the collective evidence does not indicate single factors have a large impact. Thus, controlling for confounding may be necessary in a biomonitoring study, but none of the factors is strong enough to be regarded a priori as a confounder. Controlling for confounding in the comet assay requires a case-by-case approach. Inter-laboratory variation in levels of DNA damage and to some extent also reproducibility in biomonitoring studies are issues that have haunted the users of the comet assay for years. Procedures to collect specimens, and their storage, are not standardized. Likewise, statistical issues related to both sample-size calculation (before sampling of specimens) and statistical analysis of the results vary between studies. This review gives guidance to statistical analysis of the typically complex exposure, co-variate, and effect relationships in human biomonitoring studies.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Biológico/métodos , Ensaio Cometa/métodos , Dano ao DNA , Estresse Oxidativo , Adulto , Fatores Etários , DNA-Formamidopirimidina Glicosilase , Exposição Ambiental , Proteínas de Escherichia coli , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/genética , Obesidade/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco , Estações do Ano , Fatores Sexuais , Fumar Tabaco
16.
Neurosci Lett ; 720: 134754, 2020 02 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31945448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that psychiatric symptoms share a common genetic liability across diagnostic categories. The present study investigated the effects of variants within previously identified relevant genes on specific symptom clusters, independently from the diagnosis. METHODS: 1550 subjects affected by Schizophrenia (SCZ), Major Depressive Disorder or Bipolar Disorder were included. Symptoms were assessed using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) and the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS). Principal component analysis and a further clinical refinement were used to define symptom clusters. Clusters scores were tested for association with 46 genetic variants within nine genes previously linked to one or more major psychiatric disorders by large genome wide association studies (ANK3, CACNA1C, CACNB2, FKBP5, FZD3, GRM7, ITIH3, SYNE1, TCF4). Exploratory analyses were performed in each disorder separately to further elucidate the SNPs effects. RESULTS: five PANSS clusters (Negative; Impulsiveness; Cognitive; Psychotic; Depressive) and four HDRS clusters (Core Depressive; Somatic; Psychotic-like; Insomnia) were identified. CACNA1C rs11615998 was associated with HDRS Psychotic cluster in the whole sample. In the SCZ sample, CACNA1C rs11062296 was associated with PANSS Impulsiveness cluster and CACNA1C rs2238062 was associated with PANSS negative cluster. DISCUSSION: CACNA1C rs11615998 was associated with psychotic symptoms (C-allele carriers have decreased psychotic-risk) independently from the diagnosis, in line with the evidence of a cross disorder effect of many risk variants. This gene was previously associated with SCZ and cross-disorder liability to psychiatric disorders. Our findings confirmed that deep phenotyping is pivotal to clarify the role of genetic variants on symptoms patterns.

17.
Mol Biol Rep ; 47(1): 191-200, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595439

RESUMO

Serotoninergic system is one of the most important neurotransmission systems investigated in the field of psychiatry. Extensive evidence reveals how alterations of this system, and especially of the SLC6A4 gene, may be associated with psychiatric disorders. In this study we aimed to evaluate the pleiotropic nature of SLC6A4 alterations and their association with the overall risk of brain diseases rather than disorder-specific. SLC6A4 variants, namely 5HTTLPR, STin2, rs2066713, rs25531, rs4251417, rs6354 and rs7224199 were investigated in 4 independent cohorts of subjects with specific psychiatric disorders, including Alcohol dependence disorder (ALC), Alzheimer disease (ALZ), Schizophrenia (SCZ) and Bipolar disorder (BPD). Other variables (biochemical parameters and Psychiatric scales scores) were also tested for association. SLC6A4 polymorphisms are not associated with the risk of developing major psychiatric disorders (SCZ and BPD); however some signals were detected in ALC (HTTLPR pd = 9.25 × 10-03, pr = 7.24 × 10-03; rs2066713 pd = 6.35 × 10-08; rs25531 pd = 2.95 × 10-02; rs4251417 pd = 2.46 × 10-03), and ALZ (rs6354 pr = 1.22 × 10-02; rs7224199 pd = 1.00 × 10-08, pr = 2.65 × 10-02) cohorts. Some associations were also observed on exploratory analyses. Our findings did not reveal any major influence on SCZ and BPD development; On the other hand, some alteration of the SLC6A4 sequence were associated with an increased risk of ALC and ALZ disorders, suggesting common pathways. The results of this study should be carefully interpreted since it suffers of some inherent limitations (e.g. cohort size, slight ethnic heterogeneity). Further analyses may provide better detail on the molecular processes behind SLC6A4 alterations.


Assuntos
Alcoolismo/genética , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Transtornos Mentais/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Proteínas da Membrana Plasmática de Transporte de Serotonina/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alcoolismo/complicações , Alcoolismo/epidemiologia , Doença de Alzheimer/complicações , Doença de Alzheimer/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Grécia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
18.
Br J Clin Pharmacol ; 85(11): 2605-2613, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378952

RESUMO

AIMS: While several generic preparations of levodopa/carbidopa and levodopa/benserazide (LBD) are currently available, pharmacokinetic (PK) equivalence and therapeutic equivalence studies with levodopa generics are not available in Italy. Lack of data on generic formulations is a critical factor for their limited use in this country and often lead patients to refuse the generic version of the branded drug. METHODS: An experimental, 2-centre, randomized, double-blind, 2-sequence, noninferiority cross-over study was designed to evaluate both the PK equivalence and clinical equivalence of multiple doses of the generic preparation of LDB, Teva Italia, compared to the originator (Madopar). Forty-three out-patients with a diagnosis of idiopathic Parkinson's disease on LDB, were recruited and randomly assigned to 1 of 2 study sequences: generic-originator or originator-generic. Clinical evaluations were performed at the end of each study period. A PK study with an LDB fixed dose (100 + 25 mg) was performed in a subpopulation of 14 subjects. RESULTS: Clinical data showed a reduction of 0.49 and 1.54 in the mean UPDRS III scores for the LDB and the originator, respectively. The 95% CIs [-2.21: 0.11] of the mean difference original vs LDB are smaller than the clinically significant difference of 3 UPDRS III points, supporting the conclusion that the treatment with LDB is not inferior to the originator. No statistically significant differences were found with respect to area under the curve to last dose, half-life, maximum concentration, time to maximum concentration and last observed concentration. CONCLUSION: These findings prove the therapeutic clinical equivalence as well the PK equivalence of the generic LDB and the originator (Madopar).


Assuntos
Benserazida/farmacocinética , Dopaminérgicos/farmacocinética , Medicamentos Genéricos/farmacocinética , Levodopa/farmacocinética , Doença de Parkinson/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Benserazida/administração & dosagem , Benserazida/efeitos adversos , Estudos Cross-Over , Dopaminérgicos/administração & dosagem , Dopaminérgicos/efeitos adversos , Método Duplo-Cego , Combinação de Medicamentos , Medicamentos Genéricos/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos Genéricos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Levodopa/administração & dosagem , Levodopa/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença de Parkinson/sangue , Doença de Parkinson/diagnóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Mutat Res ; 843: 111-117, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421732

RESUMO

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive lung disease characterized by severe respiratory symptoms. COPD shows several hallmarks of aging, and an increased oxidative stress, which is responsible for different clinical and molecular COPD features, including an increased frequency of DNA damage. The current pharmacological treatment options for COPD are mostly symptomatic, and generally do not influence disease progression and survival. In this framework, pulmonary rehabilitation is the most effective therapeutic strategy to improve physical performance, reducing hospital readmissions and mortality. Response to rehabilitation may greatly differ among patients calling for a personalized treatment. In this paper we will investigate in a group of COPD patients those variables that may predict the response to a program of pulmonary rehabilitation, integrating clinical parameters with cellular and molecular measurements, offering the potential for more effective and individualized treatment options. A group of 89 consecutive COPD patients admitted to a 3-weeks Pulmonary Rehabilitation (PR) program were evaluated for clinical and biological parameters at baseline and after completion of PR. DNA fragmentation in cryopreserved lymphocytes was compared by visual scoring and using the Comet Assay IV analysis system. The comparison of DNA damage before and after PR showed a highly significant increase from 19.6 ± 7.3 at admission to 21.8 ± 7.2 after three weeks of treatment, with a significant increase of 2.46 points (p < 0.001). Higher levels of DNA damage were observed in the group of non- responders and in those patients receiving oxygen therapy. The overall variation of %TI during treatment significantly correlated with the level of pCO2 at admission and negatively with the level of IL-6 at admission. Measuring the frequency of DNA damage in COPD patients undergoing pulmonary rehabilitation may provide a meaningful biological marker of response and should be considered as additional diagnostic and prognostic criterion for personalized rehabilitation programs.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Ensaio Cometa , Dano ao DNA , Instabilidade Genômica , Interleucina-6/sangue , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/genética , Terapia Respiratória , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores , Broncodilatadores/uso terapêutico , Terapia Combinada , Quebras de DNA de Cadeia Simples , Fragmentação do DNA , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Linfócitos/química , Masculino , Antagonistas Muscarínicos/uso terapêutico , Oxigenoterapia , Medicina de Precisão , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/sangue , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/reabilitação , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
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